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Echocardiography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088188/incidence-and-predictors-of-left-ventricular-remodeling-among-elderly-asian-women-a-community-based-cohort-study
#1
Jing Wu, Caiqin Wu, Wenjing Fan, Jie Zhou, Ling Xu
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) remodeling is closely linked to the progression of heart failure. There are limited data on the epidemiology of new onset LV remodeling among elderly women, which requires further investigation. METHOD: We examined data from a community-based cohort of women aged > 65 years, who had received > 2 echocardiography scans from 2009 to 2014. Exclusion criteria for patients included prior echocardiographic evidence of left ventricular enlargement (LVE) or hypertrophy (LVH)...
January 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087964/arrythmogenic-right-ventricular-dysplasia
#2
M K Anis Munirah, W K Lim, I M Sharifah Ainon
A 10-year-old well and asymptomatic female was referred for screening of acute right ventricular dilatation (ARVD) as she had an elder brother diagnosed with ARVD whom died of sudden cardiac death. Electrocardiography (ECG), transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) were performed. Results of these investigations were suggestive of ARVD. Despite being a rare cardiac disease and largely unrecognised in children and young adult population, ARVD is an important cause of ventricular arrhythmias in this group of patients and is one of the causes of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in this population...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087911/-aortic-stiffness-and-its-influencing-factors-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
Binxian Ye, Li Zhao, Wei Shen, Yan Ren, Bo Lin, Maosheng Chen, Junda Tang, Xinxin Jiang, Yiwen Li, Qiang He
Objective: To investigate the changes of aortic stiffness and its influencing factors in patients with chronic kidney diseases (CKD). Methods: Eightyfour patients with CKD from Department of Nephrology, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital were divided into the dialysis group (CKD stage 5, n=48) and non-dialysis group (CKD stage 3-5, n=36). Clinical data, biochemical parameters and echocardiography findings were collected. SphygmoCor pulse wave analysis system was used to obtain pulse wave analysis (PWA) parameters including central aortic systolic blood pressure (CSP), central pulse pressure (CPP), augmented pressure (AP), augmentation index (AIX), and heart rate 75-adjusted augmentation index (HR75AIX)...
May 25, 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087518/cardiovascular-function-in-male-and-female-jcr-la-cp-rats-effect-of-high-fat-high-sucrose-diet
#4
Ian Hunter, Amanda Soler, Gregory Joseph, Brenda Hutcheson, Chastity Bradford, Frank Zhang, Barry J Potter, Spencer D Proctor, Petra Rocic
30% of the world population is diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. High fat/high sucrose diet (HF/HS, Western diet) correlates with metabolic syndrome prevalence. We characterized effects of the HF/HS diet on vascular (arterial stiffness, vasoreactivity, coronary collateral development) and cardiac (echocardiography) function, oxidative stress and inflammation in a rat model of metabolic syndrome (JCR). Furthermore, we determined whether male vs. female animals were affected differentially by the Western diet...
January 13, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087427/gender-difference-in-the-association-between-aortic-pulse-pressure-and-left-ventricular-filling-pressure-in-the-elderly-an-invasive-hemodynamic-study
#5
Kyung-Jin Kim, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Min-Jeong Kim, Chi-Hoon Kim, Woo-Hyun Lim, Jae-Bin Seo, Woo-Young Chung, Sang-Hyun Kim, Myung-A Kim, Joo-Hee Zo
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine the association between aortic pulse pressure (APP) and left ventricular (LV) filling pressure in the elderly of both genders. METHODS: A total of 211 stable elderly subjects (age ≥ 65 years, mean age 72.1 ± 5.2 years, 53.6% women) who underwent invasive coronary angiography (ICA) for the evaluation of coronary artery disease (CAD) were prospectively investigated. APP was measured in the ascending aorta using a pigtail catheter immediately before ICA...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087308/myocardial-inotropic-reserve-an-old-twist-that-constitutes-a-reliable-index-in-the-modern-era-of-heart-failure
#6
REVIEW
Fragkiskos Parthenakis, Spyridon Maragkoudakis, Maria Marketou, Alexandros Patrianakos, Evaggelos Zacharis, Panos Vardas
Current national and international guidelines, including those of the European Society of Cardiology, recognize that the assessment of prognosis should be a part of the standard management for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, these same guidelines recognize the inherent difficulty of this process. A variety of factors contribute to this difficulty, including the varying etiology, frequent co-morbidity and, perhaps most importantly, huge inter-individual variability in the disease progression and outcome...
November 22, 2016: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087179/value-of-serum-n-terminal-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-in-asymptomatic-structural-heart-disease-in-taiwanese-population-comparisons-with-current-esc-guidelines
#7
Ta-Chuan Hung, Kuang-Te Wang, Chun-Ho Yun, Jen-Yuan Kuo, Charles Jia-Yin Hou, Chia-Yuan Liu, Tung-Hsin Wu, Hiram G Bezerra, Hsiao-Yang Cheng, Chung-Lieh Hung, Hung-I Yeh
BACKGROUND: The relationship between N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and cardiac structural or functional anomalies in pre-clinical, asymptomatic Asian populations has not been well identified. METHODS: From October 2005 to March 2008, we enrolled consecutive asymptomatic adults with preserved global left ventricular (LV) function (ejection fraction>50%) who underwent annual cardiovascular health survey. Circulating NT-proBNP was used to identify echo-defined cardiac structural/functional anomalies and compared to current recommended cut-off from the European Society of Heart Failure...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087158/echocardiographic-approach-to-cardiac-tamponade-in-critically-ill-patients
#8
REVIEW
Peter McCanny, Frances Colreavy
Cardiac tamponade should be considered in a critically ill patient in whom the cause of haemodynamic shock is unclear. When considering tamponade, transthoracic echocardiography plays an essential role and is the initial investigation of choice. Diagnostic sensitivity of transthoracic echocardiography is dependent on image quality, and in some cases a transoesophageal approach may be required to confirm the diagnosis. Knowledge of the pathophysiology and echocardiographic features of cardiac tamponade are essential for the practicing Intensivist...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087109/stargazing-or-scientific-yardstick-the-future-of-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-in-the-management-of-ascending-aortic-aneurysm
#9
EDITORIAL
Patrick T Roughneen, Ghannam Al-Dossari, Abe DeAnda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086907/identification-of-the-main-determinants-of-abdominal-aorta-size-a-screening-by-pocket-size-imaging-device
#10
Roberta Esposito, Federica Ilardi, Vincenzo Schiano Lomoriello, Regina Sorrentino, Vincenzo Sellitto, Giuseppe Giugliano, Giovanni Esposito, Bruno Trimarco, Maurizio Galderisi
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound exam as a screening test for abdominal aorta (AA) can visualize the aorta in 99% of patients and has a sensitivity and specificity approaching 100% in screening settings for aortic aneurysm. Pocket Size Imaging Device (PSID) has a potential value as a screening tool, because of its possible use in several clinical settings. Our aim was to assess the impact of demographics and cardiovascular (CV) risk factors on AA size by using PSID in an outpatient screening. METHODS: Consecutive patients, referring for a CV assessment in a 6 months period, were screened...
January 13, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086801/two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-for-evaluation-of-dilative-ascending-aorta-biomechanics
#11
Monika Bieseviciene, Jolanta Justina Vaskelyte, Vaida Mizariene, Rasa Karaliute, Vaiva Lesauskaite, Raimonda Verseckaite
BACKGROUND: Two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography is one of the most feasible, noninvasive methods for assessing the aortic diameter and biomechanical changes. We studied possible interfaces between noninvasive biomechanical and speckle-tracking (ST) echocardiographic data from dilated aortas. METHODS: Altogether, 44 patients with dilative pathology of ascending aorta (DPAA) were compared with subjects without ascending aortic dilation (diameter <40 mm). DPAA patients formed two groups based on diameter size: group 1, ≤45 mm diameter; group 2, >45 mm...
January 13, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086762/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-congenital-heart-defects-among-live-births-a-population-based-cross-sectional-survey-in-shaanxi-province-northwestern-china
#12
Leilei Pei, Yijun Kang, Yaling Zhao, Hong Yan
BACKGROUND: Nearly half of the population of Northwest China live in Shaanxi province, but population-based data on the epidemiologic characteristics of congenital heart defects (CHD) in this population is limited. The study aimed to investigate the prevalence and epidemiologic characteristics of the CHD among infants born between 2010 and 2013 in Shaanxi province. METHODS: Infants born between 2010 and 2013 in Shaanxi province were surveyed using a stratified multi-stage sampling method...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085673/total-body-fat-abdominal-fat-body-fat-distribution-and-surrogate-markers-for-health-related-to-adipocyte-fatty-acid-binding-protein-fabp4-in-children
#13
Magnus Dencker, Anton Danielson, Magnus K Karlsson, Per Wollmer, Lars B Andersen, Ola Thorsson
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess possible relationships between adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (FABP4) and total body fat (TBF), abdominal fat, body fat distribution, aerobic fitness, blood pressure, cardiac dimensions and the increase in body fat over 2 years in a community sample of children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was used in a community sample of 170 (92 boys and 78 girls) children aged 8-11 years. TBF and abdominal fat (AFM) were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084953/discrimination-of-the-athlete-s-heart-from-real-disease-by-electrocardiogram-and-echocardiogram
#14
Christopher C Erickson
Chronic physical training has been shown to produce multiple changes in the heart, resulting in the athlete's heart phenotype. Some of the changes can make it difficult to discern athlete's heart from true cardiac disease, most notably hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Other diseases such as dilated cardiomyopathy and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy may be difficult to rule in or out. In this article, the physiological cardiac changes of chronic athletic training are reviewed. A methodological approach using electrocardiography and echocardiography to differentiate between athlete's heart and cardiac disease is proposed...
January 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084886/telecardiology-and-its-settings-of-application-an-update
#15
Giuseppe Molinari, Martina Molinari, Matteo Di Biase, Natale Daniele Brunetti
Among the wide range of medical specialties in which telemedicine has been successfully applied, cardiology can be considered as one of the most important fields of application. Through the transmission of clinical data and the electrocardiogram, telecardiology allows access to a real-time assessment (teleconsultation) without any need to travel for both patient and cardiologist. This review discusses the impact of telecardiology in different clinical settings of application. Pre-hospital telecardiology has proved to be useful either in the clinical management of remote patients with acute coronary syndrome or in supporting the decision-making process of general practitioners...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084641/malformation-risk-of-antiepileptic-drug-exposure-during-pregnancy-in-women-with-epilepsy-results-from-a-pregnancy-registry-in-south-india
#16
Sanjeev V Thomas, Manna Jose, Srividya Divakaran, Prabhakaran Sankara Sarma
OBJECTIVE: Kerala Registry of Epilepsy and Pregnancy had been prospectively evaluating the reproductive issues of women with epilepsy since April 1998. This analysis aimed to estimate the relative risk of major congenital malformations (MCM) to the registrants. METHODS: All pregnancies with known outcome in this register until December 2013 were included. Malformation status was evaluated by antenatal ultrasonography, physical examination at birth, echocardiography, and abdomen ultrasonography at 3 months of age and a final review at 1 year of age...
January 13, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083658/left-atrial-phasic-function-and-heart-rate-variability-in-asymptomatic-diabetic-patients
#17
Marijana Tadic, Vladan Vukomanovic, Cesare Cuspidi, Jelena Suzic-Lazic, Dejana Stanisavljevic, Vera Celic
AIMS: We evaluated left atrial (LA) phasic function and heart rate variability (HRV) in asymptomatic diabetic patients, and the relationship between HRV indices and LA phasic function assessed by volumes and speckle tracking imaging. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 55 asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes and 50 healthy controls without cardiovascular risk factors. All study subjects underwent laboratory analyses, complete two-dimensional echocardiography examination (2DE) and 24-h Holter monitoring...
January 12, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082474/perventricular-device-closure-of-perimembranous-ventricular-septal-defect-effectiveness-of-symmetric-and-asymmetric-occluders
#18
Wen-Bin Ou-Yang, Shou-Zheng Wang, Sheng-Shou Hu, Feng-Wen Zhang, Da-Wei Zhang, Yao Liu, Hong Meng, Kun-Jing Pang, Liu-Kun Meng, Xiang-Bin Pan
OBJECTIVES: To assess safety and effectiveness of symmetric and asymmetric occluders in perventricular device closure without cardiopulmonary bypass of perimembranous ventricular septal defects (pmVSDs). METHODS: The present retrospective study enrolled 581 patients who underwent perventricular device closure of pmVSDs under transoesophageal echocardiography guidance from May 2011 to April 2016, and outpatient electrocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography assessments at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months, and yearly thereafter...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082098/application-of-3d-printing-technology-to-left-atrial-appendage-occlusion
#19
Huakang Li, Qingyao, Bingshen, Maoqin Shu, Lizhong, Xueqin Wang, Zhiyuan Song
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional printing (3DP) has undergone rapid development in medical applications. However, only a few reports have described its applications in left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion. We assessed the feasibility and effectiveness of the 3DP technology for left atrial appendage (LAA). METHODS: Forty-two patients with atrial fibrillation (average age: 69.3±7.8years) were randomly assigned to two groups equally (3DP and control). The transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE), LAA angiography, and cardiac computed tomography angiography measurements of the LAA orifice size between the groups...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082096/investigations-findings-and-follow-up-in-patients-with-chest-pain-and-elevated-high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-t-levels-but-no-myocardial-infarction
#20
Andreas Roos, Anton Hellgren, Farshid Rafatnia, Ola Hammarsten, Rickard Ljung, Axel C Carlsson, Martin J Holzmann
BACKGROUND: Elevated troponin levels, in patients without myocardial infarction (MI), are associated with increased mortality. In an observational cohort study we aimed to assess how patients with elevated high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) levels, and no MI are investigated and followed up, compared to patients with MI. METHODS: During January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2012, all patients >25years of age, with chest pain and elevated hs-cTnT levels or MI, at the Karolinska University Hospital were included...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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