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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336837/effectiveness-of-definitive-radiotherapy-for-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva-with-gross-inguinal-lymphadenopathy
#1
Shane R Stecklein, Michael Frumovitz, Ann H Klopp, Jillian R Gunther, Patricia J Eifel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and long-term side effects of definitive groin radiotherapy for vulvar cancer with grossly involved inguinal lymph nodes. METHODS: The records of 407 women with vulvar squamous cell carcinoma treated with radiotherapy at one institution during 1992-2014 were reviewed to identify patients who had radiographic or histologic evidence of grossly involved inguinal lymph nodes. Patients with lymphadenectomy before radiotherapy and patients treated for recurrent disease were excluded...
January 11, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324545/the-role-of-pathological-margin-distance-and-prognostic-factors-after-primary-surgery-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva
#2
Macit Arvas, Ilker Kahramanoglu, Tugan Bese, Hasan Turan, Isik Sozen, Sennur Ilvan, Fuat Demirkiran
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of clear surgical margin distance and other factors associated with the recurrence and survival of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva. METHODS/MATERIALS: A total of 107 patients operated for vulvar carcinoma from 1996 to 2016 were included in the analysis. Patients were divided into subgroups with clear pathological margin of 2 mm or less, greater than 2 to less than 8 mm, and 8 mm or greater for the analysis of the prognostic impact of the clear margin distance...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324542/extramammary-paget-disease-of-the-vulva-a-case-series-examining-treatment-recurrence-and-malignant-transformation
#3
Roni Nitecki, Michelle Davis, Jaclyn C Watkins, Yiru E Wu, Allison F Vitonis, Michael G Muto, Ross S Berkowitz, Neil S Horowitz, Colleen M Feltmate
OBJECTIVES: Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) of the vulva is a rare lesion with a high recurrence rate ranging from 12% to 61%. The rate of underlying adenocarcinoma varies, but in the largest series was reported at 4%. Given the rarity of the disease there is a paucity of data to optimize treatment. This study aims to describe the management and recurrence patterns in a tertiary care setting and to offer suggestions for management in a modern-day setting. METHODS: Patients with pathologically confirmed EMPD treated from 2000 to 2015 were retrospectively identified using an IRB approved database...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307128/immature-ovarian-teratoma-in-two-heifers
#4
Augusto Carluccio, Maria Teresa Zedda, Alberto Contri, Alessia Gloria, Domenico Robbe, Ippolito De Amicis, Salvatore Pau
A 15 months-old Simmental heifer (SH) and a 18 months-old Marchigiana heifer (MH) were referred to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Teramo (Italy). In the rst heifer, clinical examination of the vulva, vestibulum, and vagina showed no signs of disease and no discharge was detected. Palpation per rectum revealed a mass in the left portion of the abdominal cavity, closely attached to the tip of the left uterine horn. The mass was mainly rm and brous and its surface was slightly lobulated. The second heifer had a history of a regular cycle from the 11th to the 14th month of age followed by an anoestrus state...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305965/pediatric-granular-cell-tumors-of-the-vulva-a-report-of-four-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
Beryl L Manning-Geist, Antonio R Perez-Atayde, Marc R Laufer
BACKGROUND: Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are rare soft tissue lesions that can involve the female genital tract, including the vulva. While malignant tumors are aggressive and uncommon, benign and atypical lesions still have associated risks, including recurrence and multi-site development. CASES: Four cases of pediatric vulvar GCT are presented, including one atypical and three benign tumors. The atypical lesion occurred in a 3-year-old girl, the youngest reported patient with GCT of the vulva...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300200/lipoblastoma-like-tumor-of-the-vulva-an-important-benign-mimic-of-myxoid-liposarcoma
#6
David Creytens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290193/spectrum-of-gynecological-malignancies-at-jamshoro
#7
Naheed Parveen, Raheel Sikander, Majida, Shaheen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency and spectrum of different types of gynecological malignancies. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, from January 2014 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: All patients with gynecological malignancies, admitted at the study place, whether previously diagnosed or need to establish the diagnosis on the basis of EUA, biopsy, staging and for surgery during the study period were included...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279199/anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-amh-antral-follicle-count-afc-external-morphometrics-and-fertility-in-tabapu%C3%A3-cows
#8
Renata Maculan, Tássia Louregiani Carvalho Pinto, Gabriel Miranda Moreira, Gisvani Lopes de Vasconcelos, Jesus Afonso Sanches, Ricardo Garcia Rosa, Rafael Ribeiro Bonfim, Tarcisio de Moraes Gonçalves, José Camisão de Souza
The intense selection of characteristics related to animal performance may affect the reproductive efficiency of beef cows negatively. Selection for fertility along with production traits is, therefore, readily justifiable. The objective of the present study was to evaluate possible relationships among AFC, serum AMH concentrations and external morphometrics with reproductive efficiency in Tabapuã (a Brazilian Bos indicus beef breed) females. Antral follicle counts and external morphometrics were measured in nulliparous (n = 162), primiparous (n = 80) and multiparous (n = 351) cows, from four farms...
December 23, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277627/an-unusually-large-ciliated-cyst-of-the-vulva-in-an-adolescent-patient
#9
Jessica A Horne, Lena L Merjanian, Adrian C Balica
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276058/robot-assisted-anterior-pelvic-exenteration-in-vulvovaginal-malignant-melanoma
#10
Se Ik Kim, Seungmee Lee, Chang Wook Jeong, Hee Seung Kim
OBJECTIVE: Melanomas of the vulva and vagina are rare, and surgery is the gold standard of treatment [1, 2]. Since recent studies have reported pelvic exenteration by using robotic surgical system [3, 4], we showed the surgical procedures of robot-assisted anterior pelvic exenteration (rAPE) with ileal conduit urinary diversion for vulvovaginal malignant melanoma. METHODS: A 55-year-old woman who received vaginal wall resection due to vaginal malignant melanoma 8months before was referred...
December 21, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249126/dyspareunia-in-vulvar-lichen-sclerosus-an-overview-of-a-distressing-symptom
#11
Monica Corazza, Annarosa Virgili, Sara Minghetti, Alessandro Borghi
BACKGROUND: Dyspareunia is a symptom of vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS). This study specifically addressed prevalence and severity of dyspareunia in patients affected with VLS as well as the factors that can influence its occurrence. Changes in the severity of dyspareunia with treatment were also explored. METHODS: In this retrospective, cohort study we included VLS patients who had undergone any topical treatment for 12 weeks, between January 2011 and March 2016, at our Vulva Unit; demographics, history and clinical features recorded at baseline and at treatment completion were elaborated...
December 15, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245634/two-new-species-of-i-paramphimonhystrella-i-nematoda-monhysterida-xyalidae-from-the-deep-sea-sediments-in-the-western-pacific-ocean-and-adjacent-shelf-seafloor
#12
Benze Shi, Tingting Yu, Kuidong Xu
Two new species of marine nematodes, Paramphimonhystrella longispicula sp. n. in the deep-sea sediments from the Philippine Sea in the tropical Western Pacific Ocean with the water depth of 3920-5176 m and P. eurystoma sp. n. in the shelf seafloor from the East China Sea with the water depth of 55-64 m, are described. Both species possess long and slender spicules, which are present only in the congener P. barbula, a species discovered from the continental slope of New Zealand. Paramphimonhystrella longispicula sp...
November 7, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245473/-i-parasphaerolaimus-magdolnae%C3%A2-i-sp-n-nematoda-sphaerolaimidae-with-intra-uterine-development-of-its-offspring-from-a-brazilian-estuarine-system
#13
Mariana DA Fonseca Cavalcanti, Virag Venekey
One new species of Parasphaerolaimus is described from a Brazilian estuarine system with intra-uterine development of its offspring. Parasphaerolaimus magdolnae sp. n. is distinguished from other species of the genus by the presence of only one anterior testis, spicules morphology and size and a gubernaculum without dorsal apophysis. The cuticle of the new species is striated and the position of the vulva is far posterior on the body, almost reaching the anus. The taxonomy of Parasphaerolaimus was also re-examined and two other species were transferred from Sphaerolaimus to Parasphaerolaimus after the last revision: P...
November 29, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241714/morphological-molecular-characterization-and-phylogenetic-relationships-of-a-new-trichuris-species-nematoda-trichuridae-parasitic-on-holochilus-chacarius-cricetidae-sigmodontinae-from-the-chaco-ecoregion-argentina
#14
María Del Rosario Robles, Cristina Cutillas, Rocío Callejón
A new Trichuris species isolated from Holochilus chacarius (Cricetidae: Sigmodontinae) from the Chaco ecoregion in Argentina is described based on morphological characteristics and mitochondrial (cox1, cob) and nuclear (ITS2) markers. The new species is distinguished from 27 species of Trichuris from North and South American rodents based on morphological and biometrical features, such as the absence of a spicular tube, presence of a cylindrical spicular sheath, non-protrusive vulva, length of spicule, and proximal and distal cloacal tube...
December 11, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239288/metaxonchium-toroense-n-sp-nematoda-dorylaimida-belondiridae-from-costa-rica-with-the-first-molecular-study-of-a-representative-of-the-genus
#15
I Varela-Benavides, R Peña-Santiago
The new species Metaxonchium toroense n. sp. from natural habitats of Costa Rica is described, including light microscopy (LM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and molecular (D2-D3 28S rDNA) analyses. The new species is characterized by its general size, the dimensions and appearance of its lip region, the length of the odontostyle and its fusiform aspect, the length of the neck and its pharyngeal expansion, the reduction of the anterior genital branch to a very short uterine sac without any rudiment of ovary or oviduct, tripartite and non-echinophor posterior uterus, the somewhat posterior vulva position, the length and shape of the caudal region, and the absence of males...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236848/histopatology-of-the-reproductive-tract-of-nellore-pubertal-heifers-with-genital-ureaplasmosis
#16
Regiani Pôrto, Benedito Oliveira Filho, Henrique Ferraz, Luciano Caixeta, Marco Antonio Viu, Maria Lúcia Gambarini
In order to study and characterize the lesions in the reproductive tract of Nellore heifers naturally infected with Ureaplasma diversum and presenting granular vulvovaginitis syndrome (GVS), fragments of uterine tube, uterus, cervix, vagina and vulva of 20 animals were evaluated. The macroscopic lesions of the vulvovaginal mucosa were classified in scores of "1" mild, until "4", severe inflammation and pustular or necrotic lesions. The histopathological evaluation was performed using scores of "1" to "4", according to the inflammatory alterations...
December 7, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234717/vulvar-lichen-planus-pemphigoides
#17
J Loyal, S Rashtak
Lichen planus pemphigoides (LPP) is a rare blistering disease with features of both lichen planus and bullous pemphigoid. LPP typically appears on the extremities and occasionally involves the oral mucosa. Herein, we describe a case of LPP of the vulva of an 80-year-old woman, an uncommon location for this disease process. This clinical scenario can be confused with a number of similarly appearing entities such as erosive vulvar lichen planus, mucous membrane pemphigoid, and erosive lichen sclerosus et atrophicus...
December 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221680/paradorippe-granulata-a-crab-with-external-fertilization-and-a-novel-type-of-sperm-storage-organ-challenges-prevalent-ideas-on-the-evolution-of-reproduction-in-eubrachyura-crustacea-brachyura-dorippidae
#18
Juliane Vehof, Gerhard Scholtz, Carola Becker
Two fundamentally different sperm storage organs occur in Brachyura. The probably paraphyletic podotremes show intersegmental spermathecae, which are distant from oviducts and coxal gonopores. Hence, fertilization is external. In contrast to this, the seminal receptacles of Eubrachyura are directly connected with the ovaries. Thus, at least initial fertilization is internal. This pattern has been interpreted as an apomorphy of Eubrachyura. To test this hypothesis, we studied the morphology of the reproductive organs of Paradorippe granulata, a representative of the putatively early diverging eubrachyuran lineage Dorippoidea...
December 5, 2017: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210334/false-beliefs-predict-increased-circumcision-satisfaction-in-a-sample-of-us-american-men
#19
Brian D Earp, Lauren M Sardi, William A Jellison
Critics of non-therapeutic male and female childhood genital cutting claim that such cutting is harmful. It is therefore puzzling that 'circumcised' women and men do not typically regard themselves as having been harmed by the cutting, notwithstanding the loss of sensitive, prima facie valuable tissue. For female genital cutting (FGC), a commonly proposed solution to this puzzle is that women who had part(s) of their vulvae removed before sexual debut 'do not know what they are missing' and may 'justify' their genitally-altered state by adopting false beliefs about the benefits of FGC, while simultaneously stigmatising unmodified genitalia as unattractive or unclean...
December 6, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205018/update-on-current-care-guideline-cytological-changes-in-the-cervix-vagina-and-vulva
#20
(no author information available yet)
Annually approximately 160 new cervical cancers are diagnosed in Finland. Screening has decreased both incidence and mortality by 80%. Both primary HPV-testing and Pap smear can be used in screening. In the future HPV vaccination will decrease the number of cervical cancers. Abnormal findings in Pap smears indicate management. LSIL lesions are followed up especially among young women and HSIL lesions treated. Follow-up after treatment should be reliably arranged, because increased risk of cancer remains ever after treatment...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
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