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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920893/antibody-drug-conjugates-and-other-nanomedicines-the-frontier-of-gynaecological-cancer-treatment
#1
REVIEW
David Howard, Jetzabel Garcia-Parra, Gareth D Healey, Cynthia Amakiri, Lavinia Margarit, Lewis W Francis, Deyarina Gonzalez, R Steven Conlan
Gynaecological cancers: malignancies of the cervix, uterus, ovaries, vagina and vulva, are responsible for over 1.1 million new cancer cases and almost half a million deaths annually. Ovarian cancer in particular is difficult to treat due to often being diagnosed at a late stage, and the incidence of uterine and vulvar malignancies are both on the rise. The field of nanomedicine is beginning to introduce drugs into the clinic for oncological applications exemplified by the liposomal drugs, Doxil and Myocet, the nanoparticle, Abraxane and antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs), Kadcyla and Adcetris...
December 6, 2016: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918165/-sarcoidosis-of-the-female-genital-tract
#2
A Šefčíková, M Turková, M Žurková
OBJECTIVE: To present the findings of sarcoidosis on female genital tract. DESIGN: Review. SETTING: Department of Obstetric and Gynecology, Silesian Hospital Opava. METHODS: Overview of published findings from case studies. CONCLUSION: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disorder of unclear cause. It typically involves the lymph nodes of mediastinum, predominantly billateral and/or pulmonary infiltrates...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900089/pregnancy-and-cesarean-delivery-after-multimodal-therapy-for-vulvar-carcinoma-a-case-report
#3
Kuniaki Toriyabe, Haruki Taniguchi, Tokihiro Senda, Masako Nakano, Yoshinari Kobayashi, Miho Izawa, Hirohiko Tanaka, Tetsuo Asakura, Tsutomu Tabata, Tomoaki Ikeda
Reports of pregnancy following treatment for vulvar carcinoma are extremely uncommon, as the main problem of subsequent pregnancy is vulvar scarring following radical surgery. We herein report the case of a patient who was diagnosed with stage I squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva at the age of 17 years and was treated with multimodal therapy, including neoadjuvant chemotherapy, wide local excision with bilateral inguinal lymph node dissection and adjuvant radiotherapy. The patient became pregnant spontaneously 9 years after her initial diagnosis and the antenatal course was good, except for mild acute pyelonephritis at 25 weeks of gestation...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896230/evaluation-of-symptoms-and-prevention-of-cancer-in-menopause-the-value-of-vulvar-exam
#4
A R Palumbo, C Fasolino, G Santoro, V Gargano, M Rinaldi, B Arduino, M Belli, M Guida
Vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA), is a chronic medical condition experienced by postmenopausal women, with prevalence estimated ranging from 10% to 50% [1]. VVA is characterized by a constellation of symptoms, that may affect daily activities, sexuality, relationships, and quality of life [3]. Early recognition and effective treatment of VVA may enhance sexual health and the quality of life of women and their partners. Some vulvar conditions such as lichen sclerosus are more prevalent in the postmenopausal years...
November 2016: Translational Medicine @ UniSa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894571/pre-expanded-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-flap
#5
REVIEW
Sharon E Monsivais, Nicholas D Webster, Stacy Wong, Michel H Saint-Cyr
The deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap can be used to cover large defects of the proximal lower extremity, abdominal wall, perineum, vulva, and buttock. Pre-expanding DIEP flaps cause a possible delay phenomenon improving vascularity, decrease donor site morbidity, and increase the area that can be covered. Pre-expansion requires staged procedures, has risk of extrusion and infection, causes temporary contour deformity during the expansion process, and requires a longer course. Pre-expanded DIEP flaps can be a useful flap with proper patient selection and planning...
January 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874324/interaction-between-radioadaptive-response-and-radiation-induced-bystander-effect-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-a-unique-role-of-the-dna-damage-checkpoint
#6
Huangqi Tang, Liangwen Chen, Lianyun Chen, Bin Chen, Ting Wang, Aifeng Yang, Furu Zhan, Lijun Wu, Po Bian
Although radioadaptive responses (RAR) and radiation-induced bystander effects (RIBE) are two important biological effects of low-dose radiation, there are currently only limited data that directly address their interaction, particularly in the context of whole organisms. In previous studies, we separately demonstrated RAR and RIBE using an in vivo system of C. elegans . In the current study, we further investigated their interaction in C. elegans , with the ratio of protruding vulva as the biological end point for RAR...
November 22, 2016: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872543/extra-mammary-paget-s-disease-of-vulva-a-case-report
#7
Than Singh Tomar, Suchetha Sambasivan, Rema Prabhakaran Nair, Shaji Thomas, Preethi T Ramadas
Extra mammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare condition involving the vulva, anogenital region, and axilla. Vulvar disease usually presents as a slow growing well-defined itchy plaque with crustations or ulcerations over the affected area in postmenopausal women. Well-established guidelines for diagnosis and management are not available for this rare condition. Our patient is a 64-year-old postmenopausal woman with a history of similar complaints of 2 years duration, not responding to multiple topical treatments...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870714/robotic-assisted-video-endoscopic-inguinal-lymphadenectomy-in-carcinoma-vulva-our-experiences-and-intermediate-results
#8
Vandana Jain, Rupinder Sekhon, Shveta Giri, Nahida Hassan, Kanika Batra, Swati H Shah, Sudhir Rawal
OBJECTIVES: To describe the technique of robotic-assisted video endoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy (R-VEIL) in patients with carcinoma vulva and discuss the advantages of the technique and oncological outcome. METHODS: Twelve patients of squamous cell cancer of vulva underwent 22 R-VEIL procedures from February 2011 to February 2015. Their preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data were retrospectively analysed. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 61 years (range, 32-78 years)...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869448/clear-cell-sarcoma-of-vulva-a-case-report
#9
Kristýna Němejcová, Pavel Dundr, Ivana Krajsová
We report the case of a 67-year-old female with clear cell sarcoma (CCS) of the vulva. Grossly, the tumor was a partly exophytical vulvar mass, measuring 20 x 15 cm. At the time of presentation, the patient showed metastases to the lung, inguinal and pelvic lymph nodes. Histologically, the tumor consisted of oval or spindle cells with only mild nuclear pleomorphism and rare mitoses (up to 2/10 HPF). The cytoplasm was pale eosinophilic or clear. The tumor cells were arranged in confluent sheets. There were large areas of necrosis and surface ulceration...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865864/construction-and-manipulation-of-a-full-length-infectious-bacterial-artificial-chromosome-clone-of-equine-herpesvirus-type-3-ehv-3
#10
Maksat Akhmedzhanov, Mariela Scrochi, Maria Barrandeguy, Aldana Vissani, Nikolaus Osterrieder, Armando Mario Damiani
Equine herpesvirus type 3 (EHV-3) is the causal agent of equine coital exanthema, a disease characterized by pox-like lesions on the penis of stallions and the vulva of mares. Although the complete genomic sequence of EHV-3 has been recently made available, its genomic content remains poorly characterized and the molecular mechanisms of disease development not yet elucidated. In an attempt to facilitate genetic manipulation of EHV-3, we describe here the construction of a full-length infectious bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clone of EHV-3...
November 16, 2016: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864489/protecting-women-against-human-papillomavirus-benefits-barriers-and-evidence-based-strategies-to-increase-vaccine-uptake
#11
Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Bridget E Hochwalt
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection significantly impacts women, as it can cause cancers and precancers of the cervix, vulva, vagina, oropharynx, and anus. However, many of these cancers can be prevented by HPV vaccination. Despite evidence of vaccine effectiveness and safety, vaccination rates remain low. Evidence-based strategies should be utilized to reduce barriers and increase vaccination rates.
November 2016: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853523/recent-advances-in-understanding-provoked-vestibulodynia
#12
REVIEW
Ahinoam Lev-Sagie, Steven S Witkin
Vulvodynia refers to pain in the vulva of at least 3 months' duration in the absence of a recognized underlying cause. Provoked, localized vestibulodynia is the term used to describe superficial pain confined to the vulvar vestibule, provoked by touch. This review will focus on provoked vestibulodynia with regard to its suggested causative factors and will discuss the role of inflammation, vulvovaginal infections, mucosal nerve fiber proliferation, hormonal associations, central pain mechanisms, pelvic floor muscle dysfunction, and genetic factors...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849154/activity-of-the-c-elegans-egg-laying-behavior-circuit-is-controlled-by-competing-activation-and-feedback-inhibition
#13
Kevin M Collins, Addys Bode, Robert W Fernandez, Jessica E Tanis, Jacob C Brewer, Matthew S Creamer, Michael R Koelle
Like many behaviors, Caenorhabditis elegans egg laying alternates between inactive and active states. To understand how the underlying neural circuit turns the behavior on and off, we optically recorded circuit activity in behaving animals while manipulating circuit function using mutations, optogenetics, and drugs. In the active state, the circuit shows rhythmic activity phased with the body bends of locomotion. The serotonergic HSN command neurons initiate the active state, but accumulation of unlaid eggs also promotes the active state independent of the HSNs...
November 16, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848170/vegas-verruciform-genital-associated-xanthoma-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Katherine M Stiff, Philip R Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Verruciform xanthoma is a wart-like benign lesion. The classic histologic appearance consists of foamy histiocytes within elongated dermal papillae and epithelial acanthosis. The lesion most commonly occurs in the oral cavity, but has been reported in extra-oral sites such as the penis, scrotum, and vulva. The clinical and histologic characteristics of verruciform genital-associated (Vegas) xanthomas of the penis, scrotum, and vulva are reviewed. METHODS: PubMed was used to search the following term: verruciform xanthoma...
November 15, 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847026/genital-tuberculosis-unusual-presentations
#15
Bindiya Gupta, Sneha Shree, Shalini Rajaram, Neerja Goel
Genital tract tuberculosis is usually secondary to extragenital tuberculosis. The upper genital tract is usually involved; involvement of cervix and vulva is very uncommon. We present two such rare cases of vulval and cervical tuberculosis diagnosed on histopathology and treated with antitubercular chemotherapy.
September 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844049/sebaceous-carcinoma-of-the-vulva-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Stephanie A Sullivan, Arthur-Quan Tran, Siobhan O'Connor, Paola A Gehrig
•Sebaceous carcinoma (SC) is rare with only nine cases reported in the literature.•Extraocular SC likely has similar prognosis to ocular SC.•Reporting of vulvar SC should include detailed pathologic information so that risk factor associations can be made.
November 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843658/giant-condyloma-acuminata-in-indonesian-females-with-sle-under-immunosuppressant-and-steroid-therapy
#17
Andhika Rachman, Nabila Hasan
Introduction. Immunosuppressant and steroid therapy in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) increases the risk of human papillomavirus (HPV) infections, one of which is giant condyloma acuminata (GCA). To our knowledge, there is no report evaluating the correlation between immunosuppressive and steroid therapy in patients with SLE and the prevalence of GCA. Case Report. A 42-year-old female was diagnosed with SLE a year ago and has been treated with steroids and immunosuppressive drugs. In the last few months she presented GCA involving the genital area recurring almost every two months...
2016: Case Reports in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835588/expressions-of-mir-30c-and-let-7a-are-inversely-correlated-with-hmga2-expression-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva
#18
Antonio Agostini, Marta Brunetti, Ben Davidson, Claes G Trope, Sverre Heim, Ioannis Panagopoulos, Francesca Micci
Malignant tumors of the vulva, most of them squamous cell carcinomas, account for only 5% of cancers of the female genital tract. Though little is known about the genetic features of these tumors, the Fragile Histidine Triad (FHIT) and High Mobility Group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) genes were found deregulated. We wanted to gain more knowledge about the expression of HMGA2-related miRNAs such as miR-30c and let-7a, and whether a correlation exists between the expression of FHIT and HMGA2, in this tumor type. An inverse correlation was found in-as-much as HMGA2 was highly expressed (mean fold change 8...
November 7, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832810/eccrine-porocarcinoma-of-the-vulva-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Ayako Fujimine-Sato, Masafumi Toyoshima, Shogo Shigeta, Asami Toki, Takashi Kuno, Izumi Sato, Mika Watanabe, Hitoshi Niikura, Nobuo Yaegashi
BACKGROUND: Malignant tumors arising from the vulva account for only 0.6 % of all cancers in female patients. The predominant histologic type, representing about 90 % of these malignancies, is squamous cell carcinoma. Eccrine porocarcinoma is a rare malignant tumor arising from sweat glands. The incidence of eccrine porocarcinoma is estimated at 0.005-0.01 % of all cutaneous tumors. To the best of our knowledge, only seven previous cases of vulvar eccrine porocarcinoma have been reported in the English-language literature...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832673/extramammary-paget-disease-of-the-vulva-case-report
#20
Bianca Ruschel Hillmann, Amanda Amaro Pereira, Luiz Fernando Sommacal
Extramammary Paget disease (EPD) is a rare malign neoplasm that may affect the vulva and has manifestations common to benign diseases such as itching, pain and eczema. This leads to delay in diagnosis and consequent worse prognosis. The definitive diagnosis is obtained by biopsy of the vulva, which shows Paget cells. The treatment of choice is wide excision with margins, which leads to sequelae, functional and aesthetic. Recurrence is common. This article reports the case of a 48-year-old female patient with history of vulvar itching for the past 2 years, who had been submitted to various treatments for benign pathologies...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
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