keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vulva

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162529/vulvar-nodules-a-rare-presentation-of-mastocytosis
#1
Ashli Lawson, Adnan Mir, Ellen E Wilson
BACKGROUND: Mastocytosis is a rare benign disorder characterized by the finding of mast cells in the skin and other organs, occurring in both adult and pediatric age groups. The cutaneous form is the most common presentation in childhood and is rarely located on the vulva. CASE: A 9 year old prepubertal girl presented with bilateral vulvar nodules found incidentally by her pediatrician. Biopsy and histopathologic review confirmed mastocytosis. Her lesions significantly diminished over the following year...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158930/ectopic-breast-tissue-of-the-vulva-in-a-postmenopausal-woman
#2
Sasha Mikhael, Wesley Nilsson, Kruti Patel, Sherri Graf
Ectopic breast tissue is a rare condition caused by remnants of the mammary ridges that fail to involute during embryologic development. To date, only 39 cases have been reported in the literature worldwide. Here, we report the 40th case of a 69-year-old G3P2 postmenopausal Caucasian woman who presented with complaint of vulvar swelling. Biopsy of the mass revealed the presence of a benign mammary gland-like adenoma which was completely excised shortly thereafter. Clinical presentation of vulvar breast tissue is highly variable depending on the amount of breast tissue developed and its functionality...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158292/sphingomyelin-metabolism-is-a-regulator-of-kras-function
#3
Dharini van der Hoeven, Kwang-Jin Cho, Yong Zhou, Xiaoping Ma, Wei Chen, Ali Naji, Dina Montufar-Solis, Yan Zuo, Sarah E Kovar, Kandice R Levental, Jeffrey A Frost, Ransome van der Hoeven, John F Hancock
KRAS must localize to the plasma membrane (PM) for biological activity. We show here that multiple acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) inhibitors, including tricyclic antidepressants, mislocalized phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) and KRASG12V from the PM; resulting in abrogation of KRASG12V signaling and potent, selective growth inhibition of mutant KRAS transformed cancer cells. Concordantly, in nude mice, the ASM inhibitor fendiline decreased the rate of growth of oncogenic KRAS-expressing MiaPaCa-2 tumors, but had no effect on the growth of the wild-type KRAS-expressing BxPC-3 tumors...
November 20, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156232/use-of-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-after-infection-and-flap-dehiscence-in-radical-vulvectomy-a-case-report
#4
Antoni Llueca, Jose Luis Herraiz, Raquel Del Moral, Dolors Piquer, Yasmine Maazouzi, Blanca Segarra, Jordan Barres, Anna Serra
INTRODUCTION: Vulvar cancer has a lower incidence in high income countries, but is rising, in part, due to the high life expectancy in these societies. Radical vulvectomy is still the standard treatment in initial stages. Wound dehiscence contitututes one of the most common postoperative complications. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 76year old patient with a squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva, FIGO staged, IIIb is presented. Radical vulvectomy and bilateral inguinal lymph node dissection with lotus petal flaps reconstruction are performed as the first treatment...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153035/an-unusual-presentation-of-pseudocowpox-associated-with-an-outbreak-of-pustular-ulcerative-vulvovaginitis-in-a-swedish-dairy-herd
#5
Gunilla Blomqvist, Karin Ullman, Thomas Segall, Elenor Hauzenberger, Lena Renström, Karin Persson-Waller, Mikael Leijon, Jean-Francois Valarcher
Species Pseudocowpox virus (PCPV; family Poxviridae) is known to cause pustular cutaneous disease in cattle. We describe an outbreak of pseudocowpox with an unusual clinical picture in a free-stall dairy herd of ~80 cows. Approximately 90% of the cows had vesicles, erosions, papules, and scabs on the vulva and vaginal mucosa. Histologic analysis of biopsy tissues indicated a primary, although not specified, viral infection. Transmission electron microscopy revealed parapoxvirus particles in both tissue and vesicular materials...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140882/extravascular-migratory-metastasis-pericytic-mimicry-in-sarcomatoid-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva-a-report-of-2-cases
#6
M H Eleanor Koay, Colin J R Stewart
Extravascular migratory metastasis (EVMM), also known as pericytic mimicry or angiotropism, is a mechanism of angiocentric tumor spread that has been investigated mainly in cutaneous malignant melanoma where it has been associated with an increased risk of metastasis. In EVMM, the tumor cells spread along the external (ablumenal) aspect of vessels without breaching the endothelium, a process that is therefore distinct from the more widely recognized intraluminal invasion. Although EVMM has also been reported in a limited range of other tumor types, to our knowledge it has not been described in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140881/pdgfb-rearrangements-in-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-of-the-vulva-a-study-of-11-cases-including-myxoid-and-fibrosarcomatous-variants
#7
Khadijeh Jahanseir, Deyin Xing, Patricia T Greipp, William R Sukov, Gary L Keeney, Brooke E Howitt, J Kenneth Schoolmeester
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a low-grade fibroblastic sarcoma that tends to arise in young to middle age adults and involve the trunk and proximal extremities. Rare examples of vulvar DFSP have been reported, including myxoid, myoid, and fibrosarcomatous variants, but detection of the characteristic t(17;22)(q22;q13) that produces COL1A1-PDGFB gene fusion has not been evaluated in a large series of primary vulvar tumors. The clinical, morphologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular cytogenetic features of 11 cases were examined...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140878/clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-metastatic-to-the-gynecologic-tract-a-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-17-cases
#8
Oluwole Fadare, Mohamed M Desouki, Katja Gwin, Krisztina Z Hanley, Elke A Jarboe, Sharon X Liang, Charles M Quick, Kojo R Rawish, Andres A Roma, Wenxin Zheng, Jonathan L Hecht, Vinita Parkash, Adeboye O Osunkoya
Clear cell renal cell carcinomas (CCRCC) rarely metastasizes to the gynecologic tract. In this study, we analyzed a multi-institutional data set to provide insights into the clinical, morphologic, and immunophenotypic features of this phenomenon. Seveteen metastatic CCRCC involving the gynecologic tract [ovary/fallopian tube (n=9), vulva (n=2), uterine corpus (n=3), cervix (n=2), uterine serosa (n=1)] were analyzed. Mean patient age was 62 yr (range: 45-79 yr). Most cases (15/17) presented as a recurrence 6 to 72 mo postnephrectomy, 1 case was concurrently diagnosed, and 1 case (a cervical metastasis) was diagnosed prenephrectomy...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137809/prognostic-factors-for-local-recurrence-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva-a-systematic-review
#9
Nienke C Te Grootenhuis, Anne-Floor W Pouwer, Geertruida H de Bock, Harry Hollema, Johan Bulten, Ate G J van der Zee, Joanne A de Hullu, Maaike H M Oonk
BACKGROUND: In patients treated for early-stage squamous cell vulvar carcinoma local recurrence is reported in up to 40% after ten years. Knowledge on prognostic factors related to local recurrences should be helpful to select high risk patients and/or to develop strategies to prevent local recurrences. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to evaluate the current knowledge on the incidence of local recurrences in vulvar carcinoma related to clinicopathologic and cell biologic variables...
November 11, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118543/laser-induced-synlabia-cryptomenorrhea-and-urine-retention-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Thoraya Fadul-Elahi, Nusrat Batool Janjua
Cosmetic laser use has many pros and cons. The worldwide use of laser for body hair removal has led to many medical complications. Unsupervised use of the laser for hair removal in vulva may result in many problems and can merely damage the vulva, although rarely, affecting the body image. This rare and novel case report is a 21 year old virgin who presented with acute urinary retention and cryptomenorrhea due to complete synlabia secondary to unsupervised vulval laser hair removal. The urinary retention was relieved by suprapubic catheterization initially...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117923/genital-injuries-acute-evaluation-and-management
#11
REVIEW
Heather N Lopez, Mariel A Focseneanu, Diane F Merritt
Genital trauma may result in external injuries to the labia, vulva or vagina, urethra and anus and internal injuries to the bony pelvis, bladder, bowels and reproductive organs. Worldwide, the most common cause of genital trauma in reproductive age women is injury sustained during childbirth, but in this chapter we will focus on accidental genital injuries as well as those arising from sexual violence, and female genital mutilation. While genital injuries alone rarely result in death; if not properly managed, chronic discomfort, dyspareunia, infertility, or fistula formation may result...
September 28, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109863/pattern-of-gynaecological-malignancies-in-south-western-region-of-pakistan-an-overview-of-12-years
#12
Hina Manzoor, Hamida Naheed, Khushnaseeb Ahmad, Shehla Iftikhar, Muhammad Asif, Jamila Shuja, Neelam Sultan, Irfan Ali, Syed Inayatullah, Yasir Hayat Khan
Gynaecological malignancies contribute significantly to cancer burden and have a higher rate of mortality and morbidity. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the pattern of gynaecological malignancies identified between January, 2000 and December, 2011, at the Centre for Nuclear Medicine and Radiotherapy (CENAR). At CENAR 5,072 female patients were registered with different malignancies, of which 632 cases were gynaecological malignancies. Ovarian cancer (47%) was the most common gynaecological malignancy, followed by cervical cancer (29%), uterine cancer (14%), vulvar and vaginal cancer (6%), and gestational trophoblastic neoplasm (4%)...
November 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106748/solitary-fibrous-tumor-of-the-female-genital-tract-a-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-25-cases
#13
Eric J Yang, Brooke E Howitt, Christopher Dm Fletcher, Marisa R Nucci
AIMS: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is an uncommon spindle cell neoplasm of fibroblastic origin, first described as a tumor of the pleura and now well established at extrapleural sites. However, SFT in the female genital tract is rare and therefore not fully characterized. MATERIAL AND RESULTS: We describe a series of 25 SFTs arising throughout the gynecologic tract, including vulva (14 cases), vagina (1), cervix (1), uterus (6), ovary (2) and fallopian tube (1)...
November 6, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102931/corpus-luteum-regression-induced-by-prostaglandin-f2%C3%AE-in-microminipigs-during-the-normal-estrous-cycle
#14
Michiko Noguchi, Masaya Hirata, Hiroaki Kawaguchi, Akihide Tanimoto
Induction of corpus luteum regression and subsequent estrus using prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) in microminipigs was investigated. Microminipigs with normal estrous cycle were treated with PGF2α as 0.75 mg (0.75 PG group, n=3) or 1.5 mg (1.5 PG group, n=4) dinoprost injected into the vulva at 24-h intervals at 10 days after the onset of estrus (D0), D1 and D2. Three microminipigs were not treated (control group). The estrous interval in the 1.5 PG group was significantly shortened compared to the control and 0...
November 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067213/assessment-of-clinical-application-of-pulse-oximetry-probes-in-llamas-and-alpacas
#15
Tamara L Grubb, David E Anderson
The placement and accuracy of pulse oximeter probes can vary markedly among species. For our study, we aimed to assess the accuracy of pulse oximetry and to determine the most clinically useful sites for probe placement in llamas and alpacas. The objectives included an analysis of pulse oximetry probes for accurate assessment of llamas and alpacas and to determine the best placement of the probes to achieve accurate readings. For study 1, saturation of haemoglobin with oxygen was measured in 184 arterial blood gas samples (SaO2) using a co-oximeter and compared to saturation of haemoglobin with oxygen simultaneously measured using a pulse oximeter (SpO2)...
August 2017: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062477/bartholin-s-gland-abscess-in-a-prepubertal-female-a-case-report
#16
Veerabhadra Radhakrishna, Rachit Goel, Gaurav Parashar, Ramesh Santhanakrishnan
Bartholin's gland abscess is one of the common inflictions of vulva seen in females of reproductive age group with a recurrence rate of up to 38%. Although it's encountered by many Paediatric Surgeons, it's very rarely reported in prepubertal age. Till date, only six cases have been reported to the best of our knowledge. A seven-year-old female child presented with a recurrent labial abscess. She was found to have Bartholin's gland abscess and was treated with partial excision of cyst wall along with the overlying mucosa and drainage...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062151/a-new-species-of-the-rare-genus-anguillonema-fuchs-1938-nematoda-hexatylina-sphaerularioidea-with-its-molecular-phylogenetic-study
#17
Mahyar Mobasseri, Majid Pedram, Ebrahim Pourjam
Anguillonema amolensis n. sp. is described and illustrated based on its morphological, morphometric, and molecular characters. The new species is characterized by its 575 to 820 μm long and wide body (body width at vulva = 30 to 59 μm), irregularly ventrally curved after fixation, five to six lines in lateral fields, 6.0 to 7.5 μm long stylet with small rounded knobs, pharynx lacking a median bulb, pharyngo-intestinal junction anterior to nerve ring and excretory pore, females with monodelphic-prodelphic reproductive system, 15 to 19 μm long conical tail with broad rounded tip, and males absent...
September 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062150/morphological-and-molecular-characteristics-of-pratylenchus-haiduongensis-sp-n-a-new-species-of-root-lesion-nematodes-associated-with-carrot-in-vietnam
#18
Thi Duyen Nguyen, Thi Mai Linh Le, Huu Tien Nguyen, Thi Anh Duong Nguyen, Gracia Liebanas, Quang Phap Trinh
Pratylenchus haiduongensis sp. n. is described as associated with carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus (Hoffm.) Schübl. & G. Martens) in Hai Duong Province, Vietnam. P. haiduongensis sp. n. is characterized by the lip region with three annuli and slightly separated from the body. Stylet knobs are rounded (never indented anteriorly). The lateral field includes four incisures, bearing areolation at the pharynx region and tail region and occasionally appears in the vulval region. Sometimes the appearances of oblique broken striaes divide the lateral field into five or six incisures...
September 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052130/human-papillomavirus-related-cancers
#19
Yanyun Li, Congjian Xu
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is associated with several cancers such as cancer in the cervix, vagina, and vulva and oropharyngeal, anal, penile, and cutaneous carcinomas, which is regarded as a great public health concern. The association between HPV is the strongest with cervical cancer because almost all such malignancies contain viral DNA, notably HPV types 16 and 18. The present chapter summarizes recent progresses of the HPV-associated cancers regarding epidemiology, molecular biology, HPV testing, vaccination, and treatment of HPV-related cancers...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046436/caenorhabditis-elegans-bub-3-and-san-1-mad3-spindle-assembly-checkpoint-components-are-required-for-genome-stability-in-response-to-treatment-with-ionizing-radiation
#20
Simone Bertolini, Bin Wang, Bettina Meier, Ye Hong, Anton Gartner
Relatively little is known about the crosstalk between the spindle assembly checkpoint and the DNA damage response, especially in multicellular organisms. We performed a Caenorhabditis elegans forward genetic screen to uncover new genes involved in the repair of DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation. We isolated a mutation, gt2000 which confers hypersensitivity to ionizing radiation and showed that gt2000 introduces a premature stop in bub-3 BUB-3 is a key component of the spindle assembly checkpoint. We provide evidence that BUB-3 acts during development and in the germline; irradiated bub-3(gt2000) larvae are developmentally retarded and form abnormal vulvae...
October 18, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
keyword
keyword
48994
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"