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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433568/the-role-of-copulatory-plugs-in-the-mosquito-parasitic-nematode-strelkovimermis-spiculatus
#1
Yu-Han Lan, Yi Wang, Randy Gaugler
The mosquito-parasitic nematode, Strelkovimermis spiculatus (Mermithidae: Nematoda) emerges from hosts and aggregates to form mating clusters characterized by intense male-male competition for females. Successful males deposit an adhesive copulatory plug over the female vulva after insemination. In choice experiments, males strongly preferred virgin females, whereas plugged females were ignored. Males made no attempt to displace copulatory plugs deposited by previous males. Plugged females repelled males without the need for physical contact...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430699/clinical-experience-and-diagnostic-algorithm-of-vulval-crohn-s-disease
#2
Lotte Boxhoorn, Tom J Stoof, Tim de Meij, Frank Hoentjen, Bas Oldenburg, Gerd Bouma, Mark Löwenberg, Adriaan A van Bodegraven, Nanne K H de Boer
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Vulval Crohn's disease (VCD) is a rare extraintestinal cutaneous manifestation of Crohn's disease. No consensus on the diagnostic workup and therapeutic management of this condition has been provided in the current literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective, multicentre descriptive case series of female patients diagnosed and treated with VCD. By chart review, data on initial symptoms, clinical courses, histologic findings and therapeutic management were collected...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430680/massive-cellular-angiofibroma-of-the-vulva
#3
Diana Santiago, Barry Perlman, Pierre Lespinasse, Ravi Chokshi, Mark Galan, Debra S Heller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420514/detection-of-mosaic-15q11-1-q11-2-deletion-encompassing-nbeap1-and%C3%A2-poteb-in-a-fetus-with-diffuse-lymphangiomatosis
#4
Chih-Ping Chen, Kuo-Gon Wang, Hsu-Kuang Huang, Cheng-Ran Peng, Schu-Rern Chern, Peih-Shan Wu, Yen-Ni Chen, Shin-Wen Chen, Chen-Chi Lee, Wayseen Wang
OBJECTIVE: We present cytogenetic and molecular cytogenetic diagnoses of mosaic deletion of chromosome 15q11.1-q11.2 in a fetus with diffuse lymphangiomatosis. CASE REPORT: A 33-year-old woman underwent amniocentesis at 22 weeks of gestation because of fetal diffuse lymphangiomatosis involving left-side chest, abdominal cavity, thigh and vulva, and intrauterine growth restriction. Amniocentesis revealed a karyotype of 46,XX,del(15) (q11.1q11.2)[9]/46,XX[26]. The mother had a karyotype of 46,XX...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418344/rare-giant-angiokeratoma-of-the-vulva-a-case-report
#5
Fatih Doğan, İbrahim Hakan Bucak
BACKGROUND: Angiokeratoma of fordyce occurring over on the vulva is a rare condition. Fordyce angiokeratoma is observed more frequently among men than women. In women, it is generally observed in later life, and appears as multiple dark purple papules, measuring 2-4 mm, on the vulva. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 17-year-old white teenage girl with giant Fordyce angiokeratoma on the right vulva. The angiokeratoma was removed and a V-Y advancement flap was made...
April 5, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418164/molecular-subtyping-of-mammary-like-adenocarcinoma-of-the-vulva-shows-molecular-similarity-to-breast-carcinomas
#6
Basile Tessier-Cloutier, Karama Asleh-Aburaya, Varsha Shah, W Glenn McCluggage, Anna Tinker, C Blake Gilks
AIMS: Mammary-like adenocarcinoma (MLA) of the vulva is thought to be derived from vulvar mammary-like glands. We characterized a series of MLA using an immunohistochemical algorithm that identifies the major molecular subtypes of breast cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seven cases of vulval MLA were stained for ER, PR, HER2, Ki-67, EGFR, CK5, nestin and INPP4b. 17 cases of vulval extramammary Paget disease (EMPD), 7 with invasion, were studied for comparison. The median age of patients with MLA was 72 years...
April 18, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409179/vulva-cancer-in-ghana-review-of-a-hospital-based-data
#7
Mary Ann Dadzie, Charles A Aidoo, Verna Vanderpuye
•Seventy- 5% of vulvar cancer cases present with advance disease.•Definitive radiotherapy/chemoradiation is the main stay of treatment.•One third of patients default treatment.•Five year survival following radiotherapy was 36.7%.
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400857/estimation-of-the-overall-burden-of-cancers-precancerous-lesions-and-genital-warts-attributable-to-9-valent-hpv-vaccine-types-in-women-and-men-in-europe
#8
Susanne Hartwig, Jean Lacau St Guily, Géraldine Dominiak-Felden, Laia Alemany, Silvia de Sanjosé
BACKGROUND: In addition to cervical cancer, human papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for a significant proportion of cancers and precancerous lesions of the vulva, vagina, anus, penis, head and neck, as well as genital warts. We estimated the annual number of new cases of these diseases attributable to 9-valent HPV vaccine types in women and men in Europe. METHODS: The annual number of new cancers of the cervix, vulva, vagina, anus, penis, and selected head and neck sites in the population of the European Medicines Agency territory was estimated based on age-specific incidence rates extracted from Cancer Incidence in 5 Continents, Volume X and Eurostat population data for 2015...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398952/vulvar-and-anal-intraepithelial-neoplasia-terminology-diagnosis-and-ancillary-studies
#9
REVIEW
Eric J Yang, Christina S Kong, Teri A Longacre
Currently, it is recognized that there is an HPV-related and an HPV-independent pathway to developing squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) in the anus and vulva. The majority of precursor lesions and SCC in the anus and vulva are high-risk HPV-associated, with HPV16 the most common type. Given the morphologic overlap and biological equivalence of HPV-related preinvasive squamous lesions of the lower anogenital tract, a unified, 2-tiered histopathologic nomenclature is now recommended. In contrast, mutations in the TP53 gene have been associated with HPV-independent vulvar and anal SCC...
May 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397528/skin-diseases-of-the-vulva-infectious-diseases
#10
Freja Lærke Sand, Simon Francis Thomsen
A multitude of infectious diseases of viral (genital herpes, herpes zoster, genital warts and molluscum contagiosum), bacterial (syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, donovanosis, erysipelas, cellulitis and necrotising fasciitis, folliculitis, impetigo, bartholin gland abscess, trichomycosis and erythrasma), fungal (candidiasis and dermatophytosis) and parasitic (pediculosis pubis) origin may affect the vulvar area. Herein, we review the infections and their skin manifestations in the vulvar area.
April 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392468/description-of-a-new-species-trichuris-ursinus-n-sp-nematoda-trichuridae-from-papio-ursinus-keer-1792-from-south-africa
#11
Rocío Callejón, Ali Halajian, Cristina Cutillas
In the present work, we carried out a morphological, biometrical and molecular study of whipworms Trichuris Roederer, 1761 (Nematoda: Trichuridae) parasitizing Papio ursinus Keer 1792 (Chacma baboon). Biometrical and molecular data suggest a new species of Trichuris parasitizing baboons. In addition of main morphological features (spicule, spicule sheath, spicule tube, proximal cloacal tube, distal cloacal tube, vulva, vagina), the mean values of individual variables between Trichuris colobae, Trichuris suis, Trichuris trichiura examined by Student's t tests suggest that T...
April 7, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389723/erratum-to-anatomy-and-aesthetics-of-the-labia-minora-the-ideal-vulva
#12
C Clerico, A Lari, A Mojallal, F Boucher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381140/proximal-type-epithelioid-sarcoma
#13
David Alfonso Suárez-Zamora, Luis Eduardo Barrera-Herrera, Paula Andrea Rodríguez-Urrego, Mauricio Alfonso Palau-Lázaro
Epithelioid sarcoma is a rare malignant mesenchymal neoplasm (less than 1% of all sarcomas) with epithelioid morphology. Among the 2 subtypes, proximal represents only one-third of cases and commonly involves deep tissues of pelvic region, including the perineum, genital area, and groin, and occurs more frequently in older patients who present a more aggressive course. In the female genital tract, proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma (PES) mainly affects the vulva and is extremely uncommon in the uterus. To our knowledge, only a few cases of PES involving the cervix and uterine body have been previously reported in the literature...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370448/genetic-differences-in-oestrous-signs-and-oestrogen-metabolism-related-genes-between-chinese-mi-and-european-landrace-large-white-pigs
#14
Q Chu, T Liang, B Zhou
Oestrous signs affect timely mating and reproductive efficiency in swine breeding herds. To study the genetic difference of oestrous signs between Chinese and European pigs, 100 Landrace-Large White (LLW) cross gilts and 50 Chinese Mi gilts were assessed for oestrous signs and the concentrations of serum estradiol-17β and progesterone were determined. The genotype of 39 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 11 oestrogen metabolism and function-related genes was determined by Sequenom iPLEX platform. Compared with LLW gilts, Mi gilts had longer time of standing reflex (p < ...
March 30, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369882/worldwide-burden-of-cancer-attributable-to-hpv-by-site-country-and-hpv-type
#15
Catherine de Martel, Martyn Plummer, Jerome Vignat, Silvia Franceschi
HPV is the cause of almost all cervical cancer and is responsible for a substantial fraction of other anogenital cancer and oropharyngeal cancer. Understanding the HPV-attributable cancer burden can boost programs of HPV vaccination and HPV-based cervical screening. Attributable fractions (AF) and the relative contributions of different HPV types were derived from published studies reporting on the prevalence of transforming HPV infection in cancer tissue. Maps of age-standardized incidence rates of HPV-attributable cancers by country from GLOBOCAN 2012 data are shown separately for the cervix, other anogenital tract, and head and neck cancers...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369818/double-balloon-tamponade-for-postpartum-hemorrhage
#16
Michael Breen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364181/commentary-on-anatomy-and-aesthetics-of-the-labia-minora-the-ideal-vulva
#17
Lina Triana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349118/vulvar-condylomatosis-after-sex-reassignment-surgery-in-a-male-to-female-transsexual-complete-response-to-imiquimod-cream
#18
Trinidad Labanca, Ivan Mañero
BACKGROUND: The number of patients seeking sex reassignment surgery is increasing. Approximately 1:30,000 adult males and 1: 100,000 adult females seek this procedure. Neovaginal-related disorders after sex reassignment surgery are increasingly more common. Vulvar condylomatosis is the clinical manifestation of HPV 6- and 11 infection in biological women. The same HPV-subtypes are associated with anogenital warts and penile intraepithelial neoplasia in biological men. We aim to present a case of vulvar condylomatosis after sex reassignment surgery in a male-to-female transsexual and its complete response to 5% imiquimod cream...
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349116/poorly-differentiated-high-grade-urothelial-carcinoma-presenting-as-paget-s-disease-of-the-vulva-with-no-overt-urinary-tract-neoplasm-detected
#19
Radha R Padhy, Niloo Nasseri-Nik, Fouad Abbas
OBJECTIVE: There are few reported cases of secondary (non-cutaneous) vulvar Paget's disease related to urothelial carcinoma (UC), with only 7 of them presenting initially with Paget's disease and up to a 13-year lapse from detecting a urinary tract neoplasm after the onset of symptoms. This is a case of Paget's disease of urothelial origin with no urinary tract neoplasm detected on initial presentation. METHODS: This is a 59-year-old African-American female who presented with worsening eczematous lesions for two years...
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339446/pulsed-radiofrequency-ablation-of-pudendal-nerve-for-treatment-of-a-case-of-refractory-pelvic-pain
#20
Vadim Petrov-Kondratov, Avneesh Chhabra, Stephanie Jones
Pudendal neuralgia (PN) is a result of pudendal nerve entrapment or injury, also called "Alcock syndrome." Pain that develops is often chronic, and at times debilitating. If conservative measures fail, invasive treatment modalities can be considered. The goal of this case report is to add to a small body of literature that a pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) ablation can be effectively used to treat PN and to show that high resolution MR neurography imaging can be used to detect pudendal neuropathy. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 51-year-old woman with 5 years of worsening right groin and vulva pain...
March 2017: Pain Physician
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