keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hand hygiene infection rates

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432997/a-comparative-study-of-hand-hygiene-and-alcohol-based-hand-rub-use-among-irish-nursing-and-medical-students
#1
Liz M Kingston, Nuala H O'Connell, Colum P Dunne
BACKGROUND: In Ireland, the setting for this study, the national prevalence rate of health care-associated infection (HCAI) in acute-care facilities is 5.2%. Hand hygiene and in particular hand rubbing using alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR) is highly efficacious in preventing HCAI transmission. Yet, compliance among healthcare professionals is sub-optimal. Less is known about the practices of nursing and medical students and no study comparing practices among these groups in Ireland was found...
January 31, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390515/application-of-failure-mode-and-effect-analysis-in-managing-catheter-related-blood-stream-infection-in-intensive-care-unit
#2
Xixi Li, Mei He, Haiyan Wang
In this study, failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA), a proactive tool, was applied to reduce errors associated with the process which begins with assessment of patient and ends with treatment of complications. The aim of this study is to assess whether FMEA implementation will significantly reduce the incidence of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) in intensive care unit.The FMEA team was constructed. A team of 15 medical staff from different departments were recruited and trained. Their main responsibility was to analyze and score all possible processes of central venous catheterization failures...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340609/impact-of-antibiotic-stewardship-programmes-in-asia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Chun Fan Lee, Benjamin J Cowling, Shuo Feng, Hanae Aso, Peng Wu, Keiji Fukuda, Wing Hong Seto
Background: The use of antibiotic stewardship programmes (ASPs) is increasing in Asia, but their effectiveness in reducing antibiotic consumption and their impact on clinical outcomes is not known. Objectives: To determine the impact of ASPs conducted in Asia on the consumption of antibiotics and on patients' clinical outcomes. Methods: We systematically searched the Embase and Medline (PubMed) databases for studies that compared antibiotic consumption or clinical outcomes of patients in an Asian hospital or clinic with an ASP (intervention) with those in a similar setting without an ASP (control)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331156/high-hand-contamination-rates-during-norovirus-outbreaks-in-long-term-care-facilities
#4
Geun Woo Park, Keenan J Williamson, Emilio DeBess, Paul R Cieslak, Nicole Gregoricus, Elizabeth De Nardo, Christopher Fricker, Verónica Costantini, Jan Vinjé
We examined norovirus contamination on hands of ill patients during 12 norovirus outbreaks in 12 long-term care facilities (LTCFs). The higher frequency and norovirus titers on hands of residents compared to hands of heathcare workers highlights the importance of adhering to appropriate hand hygiene practices during norovirus outbreaks in LTCFs. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018;1-3.
January 14, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298322/economic-evaluation-of-interventions-designed-to-reduce-clostridium-difficile-infection
#5
David Brain, Laith Yakob, Adrian Barnett, Thomas Riley, Archie Clements, Kate Halton, Nicholas Graves
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare decision-makers are increasingly expected to balance increasing demand for health services with a finite budget. The role of economic evaluation in healthcare is increasing and this research provides decision-makers with new information about the management of Clostridium difficile infection, from an economic perspective. METHODS: A model-based economic evaluation was undertaken to identify the most cost-effective healthcare intervention relating to the reduction of Clostridium difficile transmission...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260003/why-sensitive-bacteria-are-resistant-to-hospital-infection-control
#6
Esther van Kleef, Nantasit Luangasanatip, Marc J Bonten, Ben S Cooper
BACKGROUND: Large reductions in the incidence of antibiotic-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium difficile have been observed in response to multifaceted hospital-based interventions. Reductions in antibiotic-sensitive strains have been smaller or non-existent. It has been argued that since infection control measures, such as hand hygiene, should affect resistant and sensitive strains equally, observed changes must have largely resulted from other factors, including changes in antibiotic use...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236993/balanced-nutrition-and-hand-hygiene-for-children-in-south-africa
#7
Amy C Bobbins, Rufaro Manhanzva, Manisha Bhandankar, Sunitha C Srinivas
Globally, ∼5.9 million children under the age of 5 years died in 2015, with the challenges of child mortality and morbidity being common in developing countries. Many of these deaths are preventable and poor nutritional and hygienic practices contribute greatly to these rates. The spread of infectious disease through unhygienic practices, such as inadequate hand hygiene, remains high due to lack of education regarding hygienic infection control practices at home and in the workplace. The aim of this research was to design and implement a participatory health promotion intervention for caregivers at the Rhodes Day Care Centre (RDCC) that highlighted these important public health issues...
December 8, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235431/using-targeted-solution-tools-as-an-initiative-to-improve-hand-hygiene-challenges-and-lessons-learned
#8
J A Al-Tawfiq, M Treble, R Abdrabalnabi, C Okeahialam, S Khazindar, S Myers
The Joint Commission Centre for Transforming Healthcare's Web-based Targeted Solutions Tool (TST) for improving hand hygiene was implemented to elucidate contributing factors to low compliance rates of hand hygiene. Monitoring of compliance was done by trained unknown and known observers and rates of hospital-acquired infections were tracked and correlated against the changes in hand hygiene compliance. In total, 5669 of hand hygiene observations were recorded by the secret observers. The compliance rate increased from 75·4% at baseline (May-August 2014) to 88·6% during the intervention (13 months) and the control periods (P < 0·0001)...
December 13, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224205/healthcare-acquired-infections-prevention-strategies
#9
Shelanah A Fernando, Timothy J Gray, Thomas Gottlieb
Healthcare-acquired infections (HAI) impact on patient care and have cost implications for the Australian healthcare system. The management of HAI is exacerbated by rising rates of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Health-care workers and a contaminated hospital environment are increasingly implicated in the transmission and persistence of multi-resistant organisms (MRO), as well as other pathogens, such as Clostridium difficile. This has resulted in a timely focus on a range of HAI prevention actions. Core components include antimicrobial stewardship, to reduce overuse and ensure evidence-based antimicrobial use; infection prevention strategies, to control MRO - particularly methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp...
December 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201437/impact-of-a-multicomponent-hand-hygiene-intervention-strategy-in-reducing-infection-rates-at-a-university-hospital-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Ahmed Al Kuwaiti
Background and aims: Few studies have reported the correlation between hand hygiene (HH) practices and infection rates in Saudi Arabia. This work was aimed to study the effect of a multicomponent HH intervention strategy in improving HH compliance and reducing infection rates at King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia between January 2014 and December 2016. Methods: A yearlong multicomponent HH intervention, which included various strategies recommended by the World Health Organization, was introduced...
September 2017: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173225/preventing-respiratory-viral-transmission-in-long-term-care-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-healthcare-personnel
#11
Caroline A O'Neil, Lindsay Kim, Mila M Prill, Nimalie D Stone, Shikha Garg, H Keipp Talbot, Hilary M Babcock
OBJECTIVE To examine knowledge and attitudes about influenza vaccination and infection prevention practices among healthcare personnel (HCP) in a long-term-care (LTC) setting. DESIGN Knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) survey. SETTING An LTC facility in St Louis, Missouri. PARTICIPANTS All HCP working at the LTC facility were eligible to participate, regardless of department or position. Of 170 full- and part-time HCP working at the facility, 73 completed the survey, a 42.9% response rate. RESULTS Most HCP agreed that respiratory viral infections were serious and that hand hygiene and face mask use were protective...
December 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164041/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-intestinal-parasite-infection-among-schoolchildren-in-the-peripheral-highland-regions-of-huanuco-peru
#12
Byungjin Choi, Bongyoung Kim
Objectives: Schoolchildren in developing countries are at greater risk of intestinal parasitic infections. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and assess the risk factors of intestinal parasite infection among schoolchildren in rural areas of Peru. Methods: A volunteer team from the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) conducted a campaign for parasite eradication called "Chao parasitos" at five schools in the peripheral highland regions of Huanuco in October 2013...
October 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160504/nasal-carriage-rate-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-among-iranian-healthcare-workers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Mohammad Emaneini, Fereshteh Jabalameli, Hosseinali Rahdar, Willem B van Leeuwen, Reza Beigverdi
Globally, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) remains a major cause of healthcare-associated infections. Healthcare workers (HCWs), patients and the environment may act as reservoirs for the spread of MRSA to patients and other HCWs. Screening and eradication of MRSA colonization is an effective method of reducing the MRSA infection rate. There are limited data on the prevalence of MRSA among Iranian HCWs. We performed a systematic search by using different electronic databases including Medline (via PubMed), Embase, Web of Science, and Iranian Databases (from January 2000 to July 2016)...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137606/outbreak-of-caliciviruses-in-the-singapore-military-2015
#14
Freddy Jun Xian Neo, Jimmy Jin Phang Loh, Peijun Ting, Wei Xin Yeo, Christine Qiu Han Gao, Vernon Jian Ming Lee, Boon Huan Tan, Ching Ging Ng
BACKGROUND: From 31 August to 9 September 2015, a total of 150 military personnel at a military institution in Singapore were infected with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) with an attack rate of approximately 3%. This study aimed to determine the epidemiology of the outbreak, investigate its origins, and discuss measures to prevent future occurrences. METHODS: After the AGE outbreak was declared on 31 August 2015, symptom surveys, hygiene inspections, and the testing of water, food, and stool samples were initiated...
November 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123370/assessing-hand-hygiene-compliance-among-healthcare-workers-in-six-intensive-care-units
#15
REVIEW
M Musu, A Lai, N M Mereu, M Galletta, M Campagna, M Tidore, M F Piazza, L Spada, M V Massidda, S Colombo, P Mura, R C Coppola
Introduction: Healthcare associated infections (HAIs) are a cause of high morbidity, disability and reduced quality of life, as well as mortality and rising costs for health systems. Preventing the HAI risk by planning and implementing effective preventive strategies is important to safeguard patient health. Methods: The study aimed to evaluate the presence of procedures and protocols for infection control, to assess the adhesion to the different aspects of hand hygiene (HH) and hand washing technique by healthcare workers in six ICUs...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117448/an-exploratory-study-of-safety-culture-biological-risk-management-and-hand-hygiene-of-healthcare-professionals
#16
Laurence Bernard, Alain Biron, Geneviève Lavigne, Julie Frechette, Agnès Bernard, Jonathan Mitchell, Mélanie Lavoie-Tremblay
AIMS: The objectives of the study were to: (1) examine the relationships between three different qualitative perceptions of safety culture and the Canadian Patient Safety Climate Survey factors; (2) determine whether these perceptions are associated with different hand hygiene practices. BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections and safety cultures are a worldwide issue. During the A/H1N1 Influenza pandemic, Europe and North America did not have the same responses...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114490/evaluation-of-the-utility-of-conventional-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-detection-and-species-differentiation-in-human-hookworm-infections
#17
Meenachi Chidambaram, Subhash Chandra Parija, Pampa Ch Toi, Jharna Mandal, Dhanalakshmi Sankaramoorthy, Santosh George, Mailan Natarajan, Shashiraja Padukone
Background: Human hookworm infection is caused mainly by Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale. Among the zoonotic hookworm species, only Ancylostoma ceylanicum causes potent human infections where dogs and cats act as reservoir of infection. Hence, species differentiation is imperative because the eradication of both anthroponotic and zoonotic hookworm depends on the concurrent human and animal health programs, hygienic practices, and mass drug administration for humans and dogs...
July 2017: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112710/interventions-to-reduce-the-incidence-of-hospital-onset-clostridium-difficile-infection-an-agent-based-modeling-approach-to-evaluate-clinical-effectiveness-in-adult-acute-care-hospitals
#18
Anna K Barker, Oguzhan Alagoz, Nasia Safdar
Background: Despite intensified efforts to reduce hospital-onset Clostridium difficile infection (C. difficile; HO-CDI), its clinical and economic impacts continue to worsen. Many institutions have adopted bundled interventions that vary considerably in composition, strength of evidence, and effectiveness. Considerable gaps remain in our knowledge of intervention effectiveness and disease transmission, which hinders HO-CDI prevention. Methods: We developed an agent-based model of C...
November 3, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081346/nosocomial-infection-surveillance-in-a-tuberculosis-specialized-hospital-in-china
#19
Zhong Yao Xie, Guo Fang Huang, Hui Gao, Yu Qing Chi, Yan Xia Wang, Yu Pang, Jing Ping Wang
Nosocomial infections (NIs) are a critical issue affecting the quality of healthcare. In this study, we performed a retrospective study to explore the incidence rates, mortality rates, and microbial spectrum of NIs in Beijing Chest Hospital, a tuberculosis (TB) specialized hospital in China. Our data demonstrate that the overall incidence rate of inpatients with NIs slightly decreased from 2012 to 2016, which may be associated with the implementation of hand hygiene measures, while the mortality rates associated with NI did not significantly change...
September 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077198/a-systematic-review-on-hand-hygiene-knowledge-and-compliance-in-student-nurses
#20
REVIEW
L J Labrague, D M McEnroe-Petitte, T van de Mortel, A M A Nasirudeen
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene competence is one of the critical outcomes in nursing education. Ensuring nursing students recognize the what, when and how of hand hygiene is critical in the light of the increasing rates of healthcare-associated infections. AIM: To systematically appraise and synthesize articles on hand hygiene knowledge and compliance among nursing students. METHODS: This is a systematic review of scientific articles published from 2006 to 2016...
October 27, 2017: International Nursing Review
keyword
keyword
48971
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"