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Hand hygiene infection rates

Pramod Pharande, Kwee B Lindrea, John Smyth, Margaret Evans, Kei Lui, Srinivas Bolisetty
AIM: Late-onset sepsis (LOS) is a frequent and important cause of morbidity and mortality in newborn infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of various infection control quality measures introduced as a bundle on the trends of the LOS in a NICU. METHODS: This was a prospective quality improvement study involving all neonates admitted to a NICU over a 15-year period between 2002 and 2016. The main focus areas of the bundle included collaborative team effort, hand hygiene, education, central line insertion and maintenance bundles and parenteral nutrition...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Jialing Lin, Jianping Liang, Ting Zhang, Chan Bai, Jiaping Ye, Zhenjiang Yao
Background: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) can cause serious infections in elementary students. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the quantitative associations of school environmental contamination with nasal carriage of MRSA by students in a dose-response manner. Phenotypic and molecular characterizations were performed to further assess the associations. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from March to August 2016 in eight elementary schools in Guangzhou, China...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
C Olivier, H Kunneke, N O'Connell, E Von Delft, M Wates, A Dramowski
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) cause substantial morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. The prevalence of neonatal/paediatric HAI at South African (SA) district and regional hospitals is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To document HAI rates, antimicrobial use for HAI, infection prevention staffing, hand hygiene (HH) provisions and HH compliance rates in neonatal and paediatric wards in two district and two regional hospitals in the Western Cape Province, SA...
April 25, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
S W Lemmen, K Lewalter
PURPOSE: The global rise of multidrug resistant organisms (MDROs) is of major concern since infections by these pathogens are difficult, and in some cases, even impossible to treat. This review will discuss the effectiveness of a pathogen-independent alternative approach consisting of the implementation of antibiotic stewardship (ABS) programs, improvement of hand hygiene compliance, and daily antiseptic body washings instead of "screening, isolation and eradication" as recommended by many infection control guidelines today...
May 23, 2018: Infection
A Jeanes, J Dick, P Coen, N Drey, D J Gould
Background: Hand hygiene compliance scores in the anaesthetic department of an acute NHS hospital were persistently low. Aims: To determine the feasibility and validity of regular accurate measurement of HHC in anaesthetics and understand the context of care delivery, barriers and opportunities to improve compliance. Methods: The hand hygiene compliance of one anaesthetist was observed and noted by a senior infection control practitioner (ICP)...
May 2018: Journal of Infection Prevention
Brianne Kallam, Christie Pettitt-Schieber, Medge Owen, Rebecca Agyare Asante, Elizabeth Darko, Rohit Ramaswamy
Quality issue: Low-resource clinical settings often face obstacles that challenge the implementation of recommended evidence-based practices (EBPs). Implementation science approaches are useful in identifying barriers and developing strategies to address them. Initial assessment: Ridge Regional Hospital (RRH), a tertiary referral hospital in Accra, Ghana experienced a spike in rates of neonatal sepsis and launched a quality improvement (QI) initiative that identified poor adherence to hand hygiene in the neonatal intensive care unit as a potential source of infections...
May 19, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
S A Nanduri, B J Metcalf, M A Arwady, C Edens, M A Lavin, J Morgan, W Clegg, A Beron, J P Albertson, R Link-Gelles, A Ogundimu, J Gold, D Jackson, S Chochua, N Stone, C Van Beneden, K Fleming-Dutra, B Beall
OBJECTIVES: Multiple invasive group A streptococcal (GAS) infections were reported to public health by a skilled nursing facility (Facility A) in Illinois between May 2014 and August 2016. Cases continued despite interventions including antibiotic prophylaxis for all residents and staff. Two other geographically close facilities reported contemporaneous outbreaks of GAS. We investigated potential reasons for ongoing transmission. METHODS: We obtained epidemiologic data from chart review of cases and review of facility and public health records from previous investigations into the outbreak...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Abdul Mannan Laskar, Deepashree R, Prasanna Bhat, Biju Pottakkat, Sunil Narayan, Apurba Sankar Sastry, R Sneha
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a major threat to patient safety worldwide. HAIs are mainly transmitted via the hands of healthcare workers (HCWs), and HCW compliance with hand hygiene (HH) practices is reportedly low. Therefore, multimodal interventions are needed to develop effective HH improvement strategies. In this study, we assessed the effect of multimodal interventions on improvement of HH compliance. METHODS: This study was conducted in 2 intensive care units from August 2016 to October 2016...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
Lei Liu, Bin Liu, Yu Li, Wei Zhang
Objective: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is emerging as a highly multidrug-resistant (MDR) nosocomial pathogen. Data on the efficacy of infection control measures in endemic situations are lacking. We investigated the effect of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) and infection control programs (ICPs) in controlling the resistance of P. aeruginosa at a tertiary hospital center. Methods: Susceptibility and resistance were investigated using broth microdilution, as per the guidelines of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Tsun S N Ku, Carla J Walraven, Samuel A Lee
Candida auris is a rapidly emerging pathogen and is able to cause severe infections with high mortality rates. It is frequently misidentified in most clinical laboratories, thus requiring more specialized identification techniques. Furthermore, several clinical isolates have been found to be multidrug resistant and there is evidence of nosocomial transmission in outbreak fashion. Appropriate infection control measures will play a major role in controlling the management and spread of this pathogen. Unfortunately, there are very few data available on the effectiveness of disinfectants against C...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Nadish Kariyawasam, Ming Chao Wong, Paul Turner
Nosocomial infections are a major public health risk more prevalent among vulnerable patients in intensive care units of lower and lower-middle income countries. Despite advances in health care, the prevalence of nosocomial infections is alarming. The reasons for these infections are multifactorial and include organisational, cultural and individual factors. This paper discusses the findings associated with research undertaken in six surgical intensive care units in Sri Lanka to evaluate the impact of an eHealth system prototype in contributing to the improvement of hand hygiene compliance and thereby reduction of nosocomial infections...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Shamsul Arfin Qasmi, Sayed Mustafa Mahmood Shah, Hafiz Yahya Iftikhar Wakil, Sarmad Pirzada
BACKGROUND: Medical students in their clinical years play an important role in healthcare delivery, yet poor levels of hand hygiene (HH) compliance in this population raise the risk for propagating nosocomial infections. To date, there has been a lack of dedicated interventions showing sustainable improvements in HH in this population. METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted among 450 medical students in their clinical years (third to fifth years)...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
David L B Schwappach
BACKGROUND: Speaking up by healthcare professionals (HCPs) is an important resource to reduce risks to patient safety. Due to complex tradeoffs, HCPs are often reluctant to voice their concerns. A survey investigated HCPs' likelihood to speak up. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study among HCPs in 5 Swiss hospitals addressed speaking-up behaviors, safety climate, and likelihood to speak up about poor hand hygiene practice described in a vignette. Likelihood to speak up was analyzed using a multilevel regression model...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
J Smith, C E Adams, M F King, C J Noakes, C Robertson, S J Dancer
BACKGROUND: There are few data and no accepted standards for air quality in the intensive care unit (ICU). Any relationship between airborne pathogens and hospital-acquired infection (HAI) risk in the ICU remains unknown. AIM: First, to correlate environmental contamination of air and surfaces in the ICU; second, to examine any association between environmental contamination and ICU-acquired staphylococcal infection. METHODS: Patients, air, and surfaces were screened on 10 sampling days in a mechanically ventilated 10-bed ICU for a 10-month period...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
Gitali Bhagawati
BACKGROUND: Although there is advancement in the health-care system, the rates of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are still high. Poor hand hygiene (HH) among healthcare workers (HCWs) is identified as one of the major causes of HAIs. AIMS: The aim and objective of this study is to assess the awareness and attitude regarding hand hygiene (HH) among HCWs in a superspecialty hospital in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional, semi-structured, questionnaire-based study was carried out in a superspecialty hospital, Uttar Pradesh, India...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Mostafa Mostafazadeh-Bora, Masoud Bahrami, Abbas Hosseini
Background: Hand hygiene is one of the key ways of preventing healthcare-associated infections (HCAI), especially in patients with cancer. The aim of this study was to determine nurses' compliance with hand hygiene guidelines in caring for patients with cancer in a selected center in Isfahan, Iran, in 2016. Materials and Methods: The present observational study was conducted on nurses in a cancer center in Isfahan in 2016. The participants were selected via convenience sampling method...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Kyoung Hwa Lee, Nan Hyoung Cho, Su Jin Jeong, Mi Na Kim, Sang Hoon Han, Young Goo Song
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of central line (CL) bundle compliance on central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in different departments of the same hospital, including the intensive care unit (ICU) and other departments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The four components of the CL bundle were hand hygiene, use of maximal sterile barrier precautions, chlorhexidine use, and selection of an appropriate site for venous access. Compliance of the CL bundle and CLABSIs were measured for every department [emergency room (ER), ICU, general ward (GW), and operating room (OR)]...
May 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Marta Wałaszek, Małgorzata Kołpa, Zdzisław Wolak, Anna Różańska, Jadwiga Wójkowska-Mach
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was getting to know the knowledge and attitudes towards hand hygiene (HH) among Polish patients and healthcare workers (HCWs). METHODS: 459 respondents replied to the survey: 173 (37.6%) patients and 286 (62.3%) HCWs; 57 HCWs were additionally interviewed. RESULTS: Few HCWs knew and used the "5 moments for HH" in the required situations. Both patients and HCWs rated HH of other HCWs poorly: only 75% of patients and 54% of HCWs noticed the application of HH before blood sample collection, but 1/2 of interviewed HCWs did not encounter a request for HH from a patient...
March 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Aline S C Belela-Anacleto, Denise M Kusahara, Maria Angélica S Peterlini, Mavilde L G Pedreira
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene is considered the single most effective means of reducing healthcare-associated infections, but improving and sustaining hand hygiene compliance remains a great challenge. OBJECTIVES: To compare hand hygiene compliance before and after interventions to promote adherence in a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and to identify predictors of intention to perform the behaviour "hand hygiene during patient care in the PICU". METHODS: A before and after study was conducted in three phases...
March 23, 2018: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
Penelope Cresswell, Lynn V Monrouxe
OBJECTIVE: Compliance to hygiene behaviours has long been recognised as important in the prevention and control of healthcare associated infections, but medical doctors still display some of the lowest rates of compliance of all healthcare workers. We aim to understand compliance to hygiene behaviours by analysing medical students', junior doctors' and medical educators' narratives of these behaviours to identify their respective attitudes and beliefs around compliance and how these are learnt during training...
March 22, 2018: BMJ Open
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