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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231481/the-influence-of-personality-traits-and-emotional-and-behavioral-problems-on-repetitive-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-school-sample
#1
Janine Lüdtke, Benedict Weizenegger, Rachel Rauber, Brigitte Contin, Tina In-Albon, Marc Schmid
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent among adolescents and associated with various mental health problems and suicidality. Previous studies have found that certain personality traits are related to NSSI behavior, however only few studies examined personality traits in adolescents with NSSI. Our study aimed to assess the relationship between personality traits and emotional and behavioral problems in predicting repetitive NSSI among adolescents from a school sample...
February 14, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230577/suicide-and-suicide-attempts-on-hospital-grounds-and-clinic-areas
#2
Peter D Mills, Bradley V Watts, Robin R Hemphill
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to describe suicide and suicide attempts that occurred while the patient was on hospital grounds, common spaces, and clinic areas using root cause analysis (RCA) reports of these events in a national health care organization in the United States. METHOD: This is an observational review of all RCA reports of suicide and suicide attempts on hospital grounds, common spaces, and clinic areas in our system between December 1, 1999, and December 31, 2014...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230432/nursing-children-and-young-people-what-mental-health-training-is-required
#3
Leah Thomas
AIM: The aim of this research was to investigate the views of children and young people's nurses on the mental health training they had received and what recommendations they would make for future staff training. METHOD: Nine such nurses who had experience of nursing young people following self-harm or a suicide attempt were recruited. Data were collected using individual 45-minute semi-structured interviews and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229497/drinkers-identification-with-varying-alcohol-consumption-prototypes
#4
Simone Pettigrew, Michelle I Jongenelis, Iain S Pratt, Terry Slevin, Tanya Chikritzhs
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Efforts to reduce excessive alcohol consumption need to take into account drinkers' perceptions of their risk of alcohol-related harm. The aim of the present study was to profile adult Australian drinkers according to their self-identification with various drinker prototypes to determine the extent to which these prototypes are associated with perceived and actual risk of alcohol-related harm. DESIGN AND METHODS: A large web panel provider disseminated an online survey to a national sample of 2168 drinkers aged 18+ years who consumed alcohol at least twice per month...
February 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224099/using-quality-improvement-methods-to-increase-use-of-pain-prevention-strategies-for-childhood-vaccination
#5
Jennifer Verrill Schurman, Amanda D Deacy, Rebecca J Johnson, Jolynn Parker, Kristi Williams, Dustin Wallace, Mark Connelly, Lynn Anson, Kevin Mroczka
AIM: To increase evidence-based pain prevention strategy use during routine vaccinations in a pediatric primary care clinic using quality improvement methodology. METHODS: Specific intervention strategies (i.e., comfort positioning, nonnutritive sucking and sucrose analgesia, distraction) were identified, selected and introduced in three waves, using a Plan-Do-Study-Act framework. System-wide change was measured from baseline to post-intervention by: (1) percent of vaccination visits during which an evidence-based pain prevention strategy was reported as being used; and (2) caregiver satisfaction ratings following the visit...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223782/factors-influencing-medication-knowledge-and-beliefs-on-warfarin-adherence-among-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-in-china
#6
Shujuan Zhao, Hongwei Zhao, Xianpei Wang, Chuanyu Gao, Yuhua Qin, Haixia Cai, Boya Chen, Jingjing Cao
OBJECTIVES: Warfarin is often used for ischemic stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), but the factors affecting patient adherence to warfarin therapy have not been fully understood. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in AF patients undergoing warfarin therapy at least 6 months prior to the study. The clinical data collected using questionnaires by phone interviews included the following: 1) self-reported adherence measured by the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8(©); 2) beliefs about medicines surveyed by Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ); and 3) drug knowledge as measured by the Warfarin Related Knowledge Test (WRKT)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220763/exfoliation-of-black-phosphorus-in-ionic-liquids
#7
Miyeon Lee, Arup Kumer Roy, Seongho Jo, Yujin Choi, Ari Chae, Bongsoo Kim, Sung Yong Park, Insik In
We report the characterization and formation of sonication-assisted liquid phase exfoliation of bulk black phosphorus (BP) crystals with the incorporation of two representative ionic liquids (ILs) ([Emim][Tf2N] and [Bmim][Tf2N]) as green dispersing media was attempted, which resulted in stable dispersion of multi-layer BP flakes with unsuspected high oxidation resistance and chemical/structural integrity due to the presence of IL layer on top of BP flakes. There are two unveiled issues for the generation of BP dispersion in ILs...
February 21, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217451/erectile-dysfunction-masculinity-and-psychosocial-outcomes-a-review-of-the-experiences-of-men-after-prostate-cancer-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Suzanne K Chambers, Eric Chung, Gary Wittert, Melissa K Hyde
Prostate cancer (PC) treatment side-effects such as erectile dysfunction (ED) can impact men's quality of life (QoL), psychosocial and psycho-sexual adjustment. Masculinity (i.e., men's identity or sense of themselves as being a man) may also be linked to how men respond to PC treatment and ED however the exact nature of this link is unclear. This review aims to provide a snapshot of the current state of evidence regarding ED, masculinity and psychosocial impacts after PC treatment. Three databases (Medline/PsycINFO, CINHAL, and EMBASE) were searched January 1st 1980 to January 31st 2016...
February 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216773/staff-and-caregiver-attitude-to-coercion-in-india
#9
B N Raveesh, S Pathare, E O Noorthoorn, G S Gowda, P Lepping, J G F Bunders-Aelen
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess attitudes of Indian psychiatrists and caregivers toward coercion. MATERIALS AND: Methods: The study was conducted at the Department of Psychiatry, Krishna Rajendra Hospital, Mysore, India. Staff Attitude to Coercion Scale (SACS), a 15-item questionnaire, was administered to self-selected psychiatrists across India and caregivers from Mysore to measure attitudes on coercion. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and investigating differences in subgroups by means of Chi-square test, Student's t-test, and analysis of variance...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214150/self-efficacy-for-deprescribing-a-survey-for-health-care-professionals-using-evidence-based-deprescribing-guidelines
#10
Barbara Farrell, Lisa Richardson, Lalitha Raman-Wilms, David de Launay, Mhd Wasem Alsabbagh, James Conklin
BACKGROUND: Although polypharmacy is associated with significant morbidity, deprescribing can be challenging. In particular, clinicians express difficulty with their ability to deprescribe (i.e. reduce or stop medications that are potentially inappropriate). Evidence-based deprescribing guidelines are designed to help clinicians take action on reducing or stopping medications that may be causing more harm than benefit. OBJECTIVES: Determine if implementation of evidence-based guidelines increases self-efficacy for deprescribing proton pump inhibitor (PPI), benzodiazepine receptor agonist (BZRA) and antipsychotic (AP) drug classes...
January 28, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213716/density-functional-theory-study-of-the-mechanism-for-the-formation-of-glycidyl-esters-from-triglyceride
#11
Quanyu Wang, Zhuan Ji, Bo Han
Glycidyl fatty acid esters (GEs) are by-products of edible oil refinement that have attracted attention globally due to concerns over their possible harmful effects on human health when consumed. It is thus important to improve our understanding of GE formation if we are to suppress GE production during edible oil refinement. In this paper, a first-principles density functional theory study of the formation mechanism of GEs was performed. Triglycerides undergo a self-condensation reaction between two adjacent ester groups to yield GEs and an anhydride as a by-product...
March 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208872/analgesics-self-medication-and-its-association-with-sleep-quality-among-medical-undergraduates
#12
Amit Kumar, Vandana, Ahmad Nadeem Aslami
INTRODUCTION: Self medication especially with analgesics is a common practice among undergraduate medical students. Variation in analgesic self medication prevalence and pattern is often seen due to geographical and target population differences. The mutual influence of pain and sleep quality might persuade students self medication behaviour. AIM: To assess analgesic self medication and its association with sleep quality among the medical undergraduates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire based study was conducted from December 2015 to February 2016 among 320 medical undergraduates...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208077/personality-dimensions-in-schizophrenia-a-family-study
#13
Vina M Goghari
Studies have demonstrated that personality traits differ in schizophrenia patients and family members compared to controls, suggesting familial risk. This study evaluated personality traits in a family study of schizophrenia, as well as the relationship between personality traits and symptoms and social functioning in schizophrenia patients. Thirty-two schizophrenia patients, 28 adult non-psychotic relatives, and 27 community controls completed the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ)...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206986/in-situ-generated-d-peptidic-nanofibrils-as-multifaceted-apoptotic-inducers-to-target-cancer-cells
#14
Xuewen Du, Jie Zhou, Huainin Wang, Junfeng Shi, Yi Kuang, Wu Zeng, Zhimou Yang, Bing Xu
Nanofibrils of small molecules, as a new class of biofunctional entities, exhibit emergent properties for controlling cell fates, but the relevant mechanism remains to be elucidated and the in vivo effect has yet to be examined. Here, we show that D-peptide nanofibrils, generated by enzyme-instructed self-assembly (EISA), pleiotropically activate extrinsic death signaling for selectively killing cancer cells. Catalyzed by alkaline phosphatases and formed in situ on cancer cells, D-peptide nanofibrils present autocrine proapoptotic ligands to their cognate receptors in a juxtacrine manner, as well as directly cluster the death receptors...
February 16, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206785/relationships-among-traumatic-experiences-ptsd-and-posttraumatic-growth-for-police-officers-a-path-analysis
#15
Brian A Chopko, Patrick A Palmieri, Richard E Adams
OBJECTIVE: Law enforcement officers tend to be exposed to a high frequency of potentially traumatic incidents. A dichotomous distinction among these events involves the witnessing of threat or harm to others and the experiencing of threat or harm directly to oneself. Past research suggests that different types of trauma exposure produce varying levels of negative posttraumatic responses including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and positive outcomes such as posttraumatic growth (PTG)...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199869/antipsychotic-treatment-effects-on-cardiovascular-cancer-infection-and-intentional-self-harm-as-cause-of-death-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-dementia
#16
R-E Nielsen, A Lolk, M Rodrigo-Domingo, J-B Valentin, K Andersen
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common disease causing dementia, is linked to increased mortality. However, the effect of antipsychotic use on specific causes of mortality has not yet been investigated thoroughly. METHODS: Utilizing the Danish nationwide registers, we defined a cohort of patients diagnosed with AD. Utilizing separate Cox regressions for specific causes of mortality, we investigated the effects of cumulative antipsychotic dosage after diagnosis and current antipsychotic exposure in the time period 2000-2011...
December 12, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198942/normative-analysis-of-the-voice-of-children-in-brazilian-child-protection-legislation
#17
Renata de Moura Bubadué, Ivone Evangelista Cabral, Franco Carnevale, Felipe Dutra Asensi
Objective: to identify and analyse children's voices in healthcare decision making in the discourse of Brazil's child protection laws. Method: Documentary normative analysis of Brazil's child protection legislation (1988-2012) based on the content analysis of nine texts, conducted in 2015. Results: The legislation acknowledges and stresses the voice of children in the decision-making process in research and healthcare. Any recognition of the right to dignity, liberty, information, and protection depends on what the adult decision-maker (with parental authority) believes is the child's capacity for discernment and whether the situation will cause self-harm...
February 9, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198915/personality-traits-anger-and-psychiatric-symptoms-related-to-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-digestive-system-cancer
#18
Noemi Peres Honorato, Luciene Vaccaro de Morais Abumusse, Daniel Pereira Coqueiro, Vanessa de Albuquerque Citero
BACKGROUND: The presence of psychiatric symptoms, anger, and personality characteristics are factors that affect the quality of life of newly diagnosed digestive system cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify which stable characteristics of the individual's personality interfere with quality of life, even when reactive emotional characteristics of falling ill are controlled. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed at the Oncology Clinic ( Hospital das Clínicas ), Marília/SP, Brazil, in which 50 adult patients with digestive system cancer and diagnosed less than 6 months answered the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory, Temperament and Character Inventory, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and WHOQOL-BREF...
February 13, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196499/workplace-violence-towards-nurses-in-hong-kong-prevalence-and-correlates
#19
Teris Cheung, Paul S F Yip
BACKGROUND: Nurses are especially vulnerable to violent and other forms of aggression in the workplace. Nonetheless, few population-based studies of workplace violence have been undertaken among working-age nurse professionals in Hong Kong in the last decade. METHODS: The study estimates the prevalence and examines the socio-economic and psychological correlates of workplace violence (WPV) among professional nurses in Hong Kong. The study uses a cross-sectional survey design...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194537/strain-induced-inflammation-in-pulmonary-alveolar-tissue-due-to-mechanical-ventilation
#20
Parya Aghasafari, Israr Bin M Ibrahim, Ramana Pidaparti
Inflammation is the body's attempt at self-protection to remove harmful stimuli, including damaged cells, irritants, or pathogens and begin the healing process. In this study, strain-induced inflammation in pulmonary alveolar tissue under high tidal volume is investigated through a combination of an inflammation model and fluid structure interaction (FSI) analysis. A realistic three-dimensional organ model for alveolar sacs is built, and FSI is employed to evaluate strain distribution in alveolar tissue for different tidal volume (TV) values under the mechanical ventilation (MV) condition...
February 13, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
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