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Catheter associated urinary tract infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436369/treating-male-retention-patients-with-temporary-prostatic-stent-in-a-large-urology-group-practice
#1
Richard M Roach
Men with either chronic or temporary urinary retention symptoms are common patients treated in a urology practice. Both indwelling and intermittent catheterization are widely used to treat this condition. These approaches are associated with significant complications including infection and reduced quality-of-life. Infection is a target for quality improvement and cost reduction strategies in most care settings today. We use a temporary prostatic stent (TPS) to address these issues in our practice. In this report, we describe our approach to patient selection, sizing, placement and follow up of 214 TPS placed in 56 men with chronic or temporary urinary retention in an office setting...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431848/epidemiology-of-device-associated-infections-in-an-intensive-care-unit-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-nepal-a-prospective-surveillance-study-from-a-developing-country
#2
Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Subhash Prasad Acharya, Santosh Dahal, Jaya Prasad Singh, Shyam Kumar Mishra, Hari Prasad Kattel, Basista Prasad Rijal, Bharat Mani Pokhrel
BACKGROUND: Device-associated health care-acquired infections (DA-HAIs) in intensive care unit patients are a major cause of morbidity, mortality, and increased health care costs. METHODS: A prospective, structured clinicomicrobiological surveillance was carried out for 3 common DA-HAIs: ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) present in the patients of an intensive care unit of a teaching hospital in Nepal...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424831/-recurrent-and-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-prophylaxis-and-prevention
#3
H Piechota
Urinay tract infection (UTI) as one of the most frequent bacterial infections in humans is of utmost relevance. Because of the rising prevalence of antimicrobial resistance, urinalysis should always include urine culture and a resistogram in order to avoid an unspecific selection and overuse of antibiotics. Prevention of recurrent UTI must first of all rule out predisposing uropathogenic conditions. Nowadays, a great variety of drugs, behavioral, and supportive treatment options can effectively minimize UTI recurrence...
April 19, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424135/bladder-fill-after-laparoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair-reduces-time-to-discharge
#4
Blair A Wormer, Samuel W Ross, Amanda L Walters, Timothy S Kuwada
Laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy (LIH) has a relatively high risk of urinary retention. Bladder dysfunction may delay discharge after LIH. We hypothesized that filling the bladder before Foley catheter removal decreases time to discharge (TTD) after LIH. A secondary aim was to determine incidence of postoperative urinary retention (POUR) after bladder fill (BF). We reviewed a consecutive series of total extraperitoneal and transabdominal preperitoneal LIH procedures performed by a single surgeon at our institution from 2010 to 2013...
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400048/near-perfect-compliance-with-scip-inf-9-had-no-effect-on-catheter-utilization-or-urinary-tract-infections-at-an-academic-medical-center
#5
Jennifer A Kaplan, Jonathan T Carter
BACKGROUND: The Joint Commission's SCIP Inf-9 mandated early removal of indwelling urinary catheters (IUCs), but the impact of compliance on catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) and postoperative urinary retention (POUR) are unknown. METHODS: Retrospective pre- and post-intervention study at a single tertiary academic medical center of all patients undergoing general surgery procedures with an IUC placed at the time of surgery who were admitted for at least two days before and after a Best Practice Advisory was put in place to improve compliance with SCIP Inf-9...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397261/validity-and-reliability-of-administrative-coded-data-for-the-identification-of-hospital-acquired-infections-an-updated-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-analysis
#6
Olga Redondo-González, José María Tenías, Ángel Arias, Alfredo J Lucendo
OBJECTIVE: To conduct an updated assessment of the validity and reliability of administrative coded data (ACD) in identifying hospital-acquired infections (HAIs). METHODS: We systematically searched three libraries for studies on ACD detecting HAIs compared to manual chart review. Meta-analyses were conducted for prosthetic and nonprosthetic surgical site infections (SSIs), Clostridium difficile infections (CDIs), ventilator-associated pneumonias/events (VAPs/VAEs) and non-VAPs/VAEs, catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), and central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections (CLABSIs)...
April 11, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392431/-urinary-catheters-prevalence-study-in-a-university-hospital
#7
J Carrouget, C Legeay, A Poirier, A-R Azzouzi, J-R Zahar, P Bigot
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection is the most common healthcare-association infection, especially because of urinary catheter. We evaluated our practices concerning catheter insertion and management in our institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a single-centre descriptive cross-sectional study during 1 week in September 2014 in all adult departments. We noted prevalence, indications, length, management of urinary catheter (UC) and symptomatic catheter-associated urinary tract infections (SCAUTI)...
April 6, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373959/penile-erosion-in-a-paraplegic-man-with-indwelling-urinary-catheter-and-scrotal-edema
#8
Ashley Young, Ryan Mitacek
The chronic use of urinary indwelling catheters is a common practice in the setting of long-term patient care and is associated with numerous complications. More awareness about urogenital trauma from urinary catheterization is needed, as it is as common as symptomatic urinary tract infections. There are a number of preventable measures that can be taken to decrease the risk of mechanical trauma to the urethra and glans penis caused by chronic catheterization. We present a case of a 27-year old paraplegic male needing a chronic indwelling catheter that acquired ventral penile erosion while being cared for in the ICU setting...
May 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359848/traditional-chinese-medicine-therapy-reduces-the-catheter-indwelling-risk-in-dementia-patients-with-difficult-voiding-symptoms
#9
Shun-Ku Lin, Po-Hung Lin, Ren-Jun Hsu, Heng-Chang Chuang, Jui-Ming Liu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dementia is an international health issue in elder people. Indwelling catheters to address voiding problems in patients with dementia introduce risks of urinary tract infection or urethral trauma. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is widely used to treat difficult voiding symptoms in Taiwan. We investigated the long-term clinical effects of TCM for reducing the risk of indwelling catheterization in dementia patients with difficult voiding symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used National Health Insurance Research Database to conduct a retrospective study of dementia patients with difficult voiding symptoms between 1997 and 2012 in Taiwan...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355599/urinary-infections-in-patients-with-catheters-in-the-upper-urinary-tract-microbiological-study
#10
Alba Lara-Isla, José Medina-Polo, Manuel Alonso-Isa, Raúl Benítez-Sala, Raquel Sopeña-Sutil, Juan Justo-Quintas, Javier Gil-Moradillo, Daniel A González-Padilla, Esther García-Rojo, Juan Bautista Passas-Martínez, Ángel Tejido-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Infections related to catheters in the upper urinary tract (CUUT) are associated with specific characteristics. METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out from 2012 to 2015 to evaluate infections in patients with CUUT. RESULTS: A total of 209 infections were included (99 with double-J, 81 with nephrostomy, and 29 with internal/external nephroureteral stents). Among nephrostomy tube carriers, the most frequently isolated microorganisms were Pseudomonas and Enterococcus...
March 30, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350833/a-fast-and-frugal-algorithm-to-strengthen-diagnosis-and-treatment-decisions-for-catheter-associated-bacteriuria
#11
Aanand D Naik, Felicia Skelton, Amber B Amspoker, Russell A Glasgow, Barbara W Trautner
OBJECTIVES: Guidelines for managing catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) and asymptomatic bacteria (ASB) are poorly translated into routine care due in part to cognitive diagnostic errors. This study determines if the accuracy for CAUTI and ASB diagnosis and treatment improves after implementation of a fast and frugal algorithm compared with traditional education methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pre and post-intervention with contemporaneous comparison site involving inpatient and long term care wards at two regional Veterans Affairs Systems in United States...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346243/modeling-flowsheet-data-to-support-secondary-use
#12
Bonnie L Westra, Beverly Christie, Steven G Johnson, Lisiane Pruinelli, Anne LaFlamme, Suzan G Sherman, Jung In Park, Connie W Delaney, Grace Gao, Stuart Speedie
The purpose of this study was to create information models from flowsheet data using a data-driven consensus-based method. Electronic health records contain a large volume of data about patient assessments and interventions captured in flowsheets that measure the same "thing," but the names of these observations often differ, according to who performs documentation or the location of the service (eg, pulse rate in an intensive care, the emergency department, or a surgical unit documented by a nurse or therapist or captured by automated monitoring)...
March 24, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345481/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-implementing-an-antimicrobial-stewardship-programme-in-critical-care-units
#13
Jesus Ruiz-Ramos, Juan Frasquet, Eva Romá, Jose Luis Poveda-Andres, Miguel Salavert-Leti, Alvaro Catellanos, Paula Ramirez
AIMS: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of antimicrobial stewardship (AS) programme implementation focused on critical care units based on assumptions for the Spanish setting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A decision model comparing costs and outcomes of sepsis, community-acquired pneumonia, and nosocomial infections (including catheter-related bacteremia, urinary tract infection, and ventilator-associated pneumonia) in critical care units with or without an AS was designed...
March 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331776/urinary-tract-infections-in-hospitalized-ischemic-stroke-patients-source-and-impact-on-outcome
#14
Einar Bogason, Kathy Morrison, Omar Zalatimo, David M Ermak, Erik Lehman, Eric Markley, Kevin Cockroft
BACKGROUND:  Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in ischemic stroke patients are a common occurrence and the frequent focus of quality improvement initiatives. However, many UTIs are community-acquired and the impact of such infections on patient outcomes remains controversial. METHODS:  We conducted a retrospective analysis of our Stroke Center Database and electronic medical records to determine the incidence of both community-acquired UTI (CA-UTI) and hospital-acquired UTI (HA-UTI) in hospitalized ischemic stroke patients...
February 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330520/definitional-change-in-nhsn-cauti-was-associated-with-an-increase-in-clabsi-events-evaluation-of-a-large-health-system
#15
Mohamad G Fakih, Clariecia Groves, Angelo Bufalino, Lisa K Sturm, Ann L Hendrich
BACKGROUND The National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) definition was revised as of January 2015 to exclude funguria and lower bacteriuria levels. We evaluated the effect of the CAUTI definition change on NHSN-defined central-line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) outcomes. METHODS We compared CAUTI and CLABSI NHSN-defined outcomes for calendar years 2014 and 2015 in the adult intensive care units (ICUs) of a single large health system. Changes in the event rates, the associated organisms, and the standardized infection ratio (SIR) were evaluated...
March 23, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328645/relationship-of-wound-ostomy-and-continence-certified-nurses-and-healthcare-acquired-conditions-in-acute-care-hospitals
#16
Diane K Boyle, Sandra Bergquist-Beringer, Emily Cramer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the (a) number and types of employed WOC certified nurses in acute care hospitals, (b) rates of hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI) and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), and (c) effectiveness of WOC certified nurses with respect to lowering HAPI and CAUTI occurrences. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of data from National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators. SUBJECTS AND SETTINGS: The sample comprised 928 National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators (NDNQI) hospitals that participated in the 2012 NDNQI RN Survey (source of specialty certification data) and collected HAPI, CAUTI, and nurse staffing data during the years 2012 to 2013...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303818/biofilm-formation-capability-of-enterococcal-strains-causing-urinary-tract-infection-vis-a-vis-colonisation-and-correlation-with-enterococcal-surface-protein-gene
#17
Shubha Garg, Balvinder Mohan, Neelam Taneja
BACKGROUND: Data regarding differences in biofilm formation among urinary isolates of enterococci causing nosocomial infection versus asymptomatic colonisation is lacking. Conflicting data are available for the role of enterococcal surface protein (esp) gene in the development of enterococcal biofilms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 (25 each of asymptomatic bacteriuria and urinary tract infection (UTI) isolates were collected from admitted patients who had nosocomial acquisition of enterococci in urine culture (≥105 cfu/ml)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299769/the-effect-of-urinary-catheters-on-microbial-biofilms-and-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections
#18
Sahra Kirmusaoglu, Seyhun Yurdugül, Ahmet Metin, Suphi Vehid
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to determine relationship between biofilm producer microorganisms attached to urinary catheters (UCs) and urinary catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), to determine the rate of CAUTI development and the relationship between CAUTI and catheterization period in catheterized patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urinary catheters from 143 inpatients who were hospitalized in Abant Izzet Baysal University Hospital Urinary Service, and urine samples of these patients before and after catheterization of urinarycatheter were collected...
March 16, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289522/device-associated-infection-rates-mortality-length-of-stay-and-bacterial-resistance-in-intensive-care-units-in-ecuador-international-nosocomial-infection-control-consortium-s-findings
#19
Estuardo Salgado Yepez, Maria M Bovera, Victor D Rosenthal, Hugo A González Flores, Leonardo Pazmiño, Francisco Valencia, Nelly Alquinga, Vanessa Ramirez, Edgar Jara, Miguel Lascano, Veronica Delgado, Cristian Cevallos, Gasdali Santacruz, Cristian Pelaéz, Celso Zaruma, Diego Barahona Pinto
AIM: To report the results of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) study conducted in Quito, Ecuador. METHODS: A device-associated healthcare-acquired infection (DA-HAI) prospective surveillance study conducted from October 2013 to January 2015 in 2 adult intensive care units (ICUs) from 2 hospitals using the United States Centers for Disease Control/National Healthcare Safety Network (CDC/NHSN) definitions and INICC methods. RESULTS: We followed 776 ICU patients for 4818 bed-days...
February 26, 2017: World Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288072/dissecting-leapfrog-how-well-do-leapfrog-safe-practices-scores-correlate-with-hospital-compare-ratings-and-penalties-and-how-much-do-they-matter
#20
Shawna N Smith, Heidi A Reichert, Jessica M Ameling, Jennifer Meddings
BACKGROUND: Voluntary Leapfrog Safe Practices Score (SPS) measures were among the first public reports of hospital performance. Recently, Medicare's Hospital Compare website has reported compulsory measures. Leapfrog's Hospital Safety Score (HSS) grades incorporate SPS and Medicare measures. We evaluate associations between Leapfrog SPS and Medicare measures, and the impact of SPS on HSS grades. METHODS: Using 2013 hospital data, we linked Leapfrog HSS data with central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) standardized infection ratios (SIRs), and Hospital Readmission and Hospital-Acquired Condition (HAC) Reduction Program penalties incorporating 2013 performance...
March 10, 2017: Medical Care
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