keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Catheter associated urinary tract infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158918/challenges-with-surveillance-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-intensive-care-units-in-south-africa
#1
Saajida Mahomed, Ozayr Mahomed, A Willem Sturm, Stephen Knight, Prashini Moodley
Background: The incidence of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in the public health sector in South Africa is not known due to the lack of a surveillance system. We report on the challenges experienced in the implementation of a surveillance system for HAIs in intensive care units (ICUs). Methods: A passive, paper-based surveillance system was piloted in eight ICUs to measure the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia, catheter-associated urinary tract infection, and central line-associated bloodstream infection...
2017: Critical Care Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157781/infections-by-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-a-department-of-urology-a-new-challenge
#2
J Justo-Quintas, J Medina-Polo, J Gil-Moradillo, F Jaén-Herreros, A Lara-Isla, Á Tejido-Sánchez
OBJECTIVES: To analyse infections by carbapenemase-producing enterobacteriaceae (CPE) and describe the characteristics and potential risk factors associated with patients of a department of urology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational and retrospective study. The inclusion criterion was hospitalisation in our department of Urology between August 2013 and December 2016. We analysed those patients who were positive for CPE in at least 1 culture. We reviewed their baseline characteristics, risk factors and variables such as the presence of previous urinary tract infections, subsequent readmissions, the microorganism, type of CPE, treatment, origin (hospital or community) and mortality...
November 17, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154382/review-of-strategies-to-reduce-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-clabsi-and-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-cauti-in-adult-icus
#3
Payal K Patel, Ashwin Gupta, Valerie M Vaughn, Jason D Mann, Jessica M Ameling, Jennifer Meddings
Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) are costly and morbid. Despite evidence-based guidelines, Some intensive care units (ICUs) continue to have elevated infection rates. In October 2015, we performed a systematic search of the peer-reviewed literature within the PubMed and Cochrane databases for interventions to reduce CLABSI and/or CAUTI in adult ICUs and synthesized findings using a narrative review process. The interventions were categorized using a conceptual model, with stages applicable to both CAUTI and CLABSI prevention: (stage 0) avoid catheter if possible, (stage 1) ensure aseptic placement, (stage 2) maintain awareness and proper care of catheters in place, and (stage 3) promptly remove unnecessary catheters...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134108/host-and-bacterial-proteases-influence-biofilm-formation-and-virulence-in-a-murine-model-of-enterococcal-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection
#4
Wei Xu, Ana L Flores-Mireles, Zachary T Cusumano, Enzo Takagi, Scott J Hultgren, Michael G Caparon
Enterococcus faecalis is a leading causative agent of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), the most common hospital-acquired infection. Its ability to grow and form catheter biofilm is dependent upon host fibrinogen (Fg). Examined here are how bacterial and host proteases interact with Fg and contribute to virulence. Analysis of mutants affecting the two major secreted proteases of E. faecalis OG1RF (GelE, SprE) revealed that while the loss of either had no effect on virulence in a murine CAUTI model or for formation of Fg-dependent biofilm in urine, the loss of both resulted in CAUTI attenuation and defective biofilm formation...
2017: NPJ Biofilms and Microbiomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131269/clinical-analysis-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-patients-undergoing-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate
#5
Y-H Li, G-Q Li, S-M Guo, Y-N Che, X Wang, F-T Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the related influencing factors of urinary tract infection in patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 343 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia admitted to this hospital from January 2013 to December 2016, were selected and treated by TURP. Patients were divided into infection group and non-infection group according to the occurrence of urinary tract infection after operation...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119632/the-effect-of-education-of-nurses-on-preventing-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-in-patients-who-undergo-hip-fracture-surgery
#6
Ezgi Seyhan Ak, Ayfer Özbaş
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of educating nurses on preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infections in patients who undergo hip fracture surgery. BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections after hip fracture surgery are observed at a rate of 12% to 61%, and the most important risk factor associated with urinary tract infection is considered to be the presence of urinary catheters. Nurse education about the use and management of urinary catheters is important to decrease the risk of urinary tract infections...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119023/improvement-in-quality-metrics-outcomes-and-patient-and-family-satisfaction-in-a-neurosciences-intensive-care-unit-after-creation-of-a-dedicated-neurocritical-care-team
#7
Yaw Sarpong, Premkumar Nattanmai, Ginger Schelp, Robert Bell, Keerthivaas Premkumar, Erin Stapleton, Ashley McCormick, Christopher R Newey
Introduction: Dedicated neurointensivists have been shown to improve outcome measurements in the neurosciences intensive care unit (NSICU). Quality outcome data in relation to patient and family satisfaction is lacking. This study evaluated the impact of newly appointed neurointensivists and creation of a neurocritical care team on quality outcome measures including patient satisfaction in a NSICU. Methods: This is a retrospective study of data over 36 months from a 14-bed NSICU evaluating quality outcome measures and anonymous patient satisfaction questionnaires before and after neurointensivists appointment...
2017: Critical Care Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115369/useful-independent-factors-for-distinguish-infection-and-colonization-in-patients-with-urinary-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-isolation
#8
L López-González, F J Candel, J M Viñuela-Prieto, J González-Del Castillo, A B García, I Pena, I Rodríguez-Avial
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to know epidemiologic and clinical differences among those patients colonized or infected by carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) and develop a predictive model to facilitate the clinical approach concerning to start antimicrobial therapy. METHODS: Observational retrospective cohort study was performed involving all patients with Urine carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolation (UCPEI) between November 2013 and July 2015...
November 7, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108916/an-evidence-based-protocol-for-antibiotic-use-prior-to-cystoscopy-decreases-antibiotic-usage-without-impacting-post-procedural-symptomatic-urinary-tract-infection-rates
#9
Justin R Gregg, Rohan G Bhalla, J Paul Cook, Caroline Lai, Roger Dmochowski, Thomas R Talbot, Daniel A Barocas
PURPOSE: Symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) is a complication of office-based cystourethroscopy. Studies are mixed regarding the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis for UTI prevention. Our aim was to develop and evaluate an evidence-based protocol that reduces unnecessary antibiotic use while avoiding an increase in UTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinic antibiogram was created based on all urology office visits performed during a two-year time period. Bacterial resistance rates, institutional risk-related data, and clinical guidelines were used to create a protocol for pre-cystourethroscopy antibiotic use...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104066/chlorhexidine-sustained-release-varnishes-for-catheter-coating-dissolution-kinetics-and-antibiofilm-properties
#10
Julia Gefter Shenderovich, Batya Zaks, David Kirmayer, Eran Lavy, Doron Steinberg, Michael Friedman
Catheter-associated urinary tract infections are difficult to eradicate or prevent, due to their biofilm-related nature. Chlorhexidine, a widely used antiseptic, was previously found to be effective against catheter-related biofilms. For the present study, we developed sustained-release chlorhexidine varnishes for catheter coating and evaluated their antibiofilm properties and chlorhexidine-dissolution kinetics under various conditions. The varnishes were based on ethylcellulose or ammonio methacrylate copolymer type A (Eudragit® RL)...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093305/efficacy-of-antimicrobial-catheters-for-prevention-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-acute-cerebral-infarction
#11
Keiji Muramatsu, Yoshihisa Fujino, Tatsuhiko Kubo, Makoto Otani, Kiyohide Fushimi, Shinya Matsuda
BACKGROUND: Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is a common nosocomial infection. However, the effectiveness of antimicrobial catheters in reducing CAUTI in cerebral infarction patients is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether antimicrobial catheters protect against CAUTI in cerebral infarction patients. METHODS: We identified 27,548 patients from the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination Database who had been admitted from April 1, 2012 through March 31, 2014 for acute management of cerebral infarction and had used at least an indwelling urethral catheter...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072567/never-events-and-hospital-acquired-conditions-after-kidney-transplant
#12
Linda J Chen, Zhobin Moghadamyeghaneh, Mahmoud Alameddine, Anupam K Gupta, George W Burke, Gaetano Ciancio
INTRODUCTION: Never events (NE) and hospital-acquired conditions (HAC) after surgery have been designated as quality metrics in healthcare by the centres for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database 2002-2012 was used to identify patients underwent kidney transplant. Multivariate analysis using logistic regression was used to identify outcomes and risk factors of HAC and NE after transplantation; however, we were limited by using a retrospective database missing some important variables specified for the kidney transplant, such as some operative factors, donor factors, and cold and warm ischemia times...
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072566/does-cranberry-have-a-role-in-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections
#13
Dominique Thomas, Matthew Rutman, Kimberly Cooper, Andrew Abrams, Julia Finkelstein, Bilal Chughtai
INTRODUCTION: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CA-UTIs) are a prevalent and costly condition, with very few therapeutic options. We sought to evaluate the efficacy of an oral cranberry supplement on catheter-associated urinary tracts infections over a six-month period. METHODS: Subjects with long-term indwelling catheters and recurrent symptomatic CA-UTIs were enrolled to take a once-daily cranberry supplement - an oral cranberry supplement with 36 mg of the active ingredient proanthocyanidin (PACs)...
November 11, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071162/evaluation-of-the-risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-post-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-persistent-bacteriuria
#14
Tarek Osman, Karim Omar ElSaeed, Hassan A Youssef, Mohamed Shabayek, Ahmed Emam, Mohammed Saad Hussein
OBJECTIVES: To determine the preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative risk factors that influence the development of persistent post-transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) urinary tract infection (UTI) defined as pyuria and/or bacteriuria remaining for 3 weeks after surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study including 100 patients scheduled for TURP. Urine analysis and culture was performed immediately after catheter removal, then at 1 and 3 weeks postoperatively, and the results were correlated to various preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative potential risk factors to detect any significant relation to persistent UTI...
September 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064320/the-hospital-acquired-conditions-hac-reduction-program-using-cranberry-treatment-to-reduce-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-and-avoid-medicare-payment-reduction-penalties
#15
T L Saitone, R J Sexton, A Sexton Ward
OBJECTIVE: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) established the Hospital-Acquired Condition (HAC) Reduction Program. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) established a total HAC scoring methodology to rank hospitals based upon their HAC performance. Hospitals that rank in the lowest quartile based on their HAC score are subject to a 1% reduction in their total Medicare reimbursements. In FY 2017, 769 hospitals incurred payment reductions totaling $430 million. This study analyzes how improvements in the rate of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI), based on the implementation of a cranberry-treatment regimen, impact hospitals' HAC scores and likelihood of avoiding the Medicare-reimbursement penalty...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051092/a-study-on-the-targeted-surveillance-of-nosocomial-infection-in-intensive-care-units-of-177-hospitals-in-jiangsu-province-of-china
#16
Yang Li, Xiao-Li Cao, Hai Ge, Yi-Hong Jiang, Hong Zhou, Wei Zheng
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infections (NIs) impact care and costs in hospitals across the globe. There are minimal data on targeted surveillance of NI in intensive care units (ICUs), and data specific to the risk factors for NI are especially limited. METHODS: One hundred seventy-seven secondary and tertiary hospitals performed NI targeted surveillance in their ICUs. The data were collected and summarized by Minke software, then fed back once per quarter. RESULTS: The incidence of NI appeared to decrease, and the incidence of NI per 1000 patient-days and adjusted incidence were 25...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050864/outpatient-parenteral-antibiotic-therapy-evaluation-of-practices-and-limits-of-use-in-rural-areas-in-france
#17
C Triffault-Fillit, T Ferry, T Perpoint, L Adélaïde, S Le Ngoc Tho, F Ader, C Chidiac, F Valour
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) practices in a French rural area. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive study assessing knowledge, practices, and limitations of OPAT use among hospital practitioners (HP), family physicians (FP), and private nurses (PN). RESULTS: OPAT (mainly ceftriaxone and penicillins) was used by 69.6%, 73.3%, and 97.7% of the 23 HPs, 45 FPs, and 46 PNs mostly for respiratory or urinary tract infections, bacteremia, and/or multidrug-resistant bacterial infections...
October 16, 2017: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046215/prospective-surveillance-of-device-associated-health-care-associated-infection-in-an-intensive-care-unit-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-new-delhi-india
#18
Shilpee Kumar, Poornima Sen, Rajni Gaind, Pardeep Kumar Verma, Poonam Gupta, Prem Rose Suri, Sunita Nagpal, Anil Kumar Rai
BACKGROUND: Surveillance of health care-associated infections (HAIs) plays a key role in the hospital infection control program and reduction of HAIs. In India, most of the surveillance of HAIs is reported from private sector hospitals that do not depict the situation of government sector hospitals. Other studies do not confirm with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) surveillance criterion, or deal with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) instead of ventilator-associated event (VAE)...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025526/hospital-acquired-urinary-tract-infections-results-of-a-cohort-study-performed-in-an-internal-medicine-department
#19
Maria João Lobão, Paulo Sousa
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections are the most frequent healthcare associated infections, being related to both high costs and morbidity. Our intention was to carry out an epidemiological characterization of hospital acquired urinary tract infections that occurred in an internal medicine department of a Portuguese hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study (historic cohort). Data were analysed from a systematic random sample of 388 patients, representative of the 3492 admissions occurred in 2014 in that department...
September 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024820/coating-of-silicone-with-mannoside-pamam-dendrimers-to-enhance-formation-of-non-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-biofilms-against-colonization-of-uropathogens
#20
Zhiling Zhu, Fei Yu, Haoqing Chen, Jun Wang, Analette I Lopez, Quan Chen, Siheng Li, Yuyu Long, Rabih O Darouiche, Richard A Hull, Lijuan Zhang, Chengzhi Cai
Bacterial interference using non-pathogenic Escherichia coli 83972 is a novel strategy for preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI). Crucial to the success of this strategy is to establish a high coverage and stable biofilm of the non-pathogenic bacteria on the catheter surface. However, this non-pathogenic strain is sluggish to form biofilms on silicone as the most widely used material for urinary catheters. We have addressed this issue by modifying the silicone catheter surfaces with mannosides that promote the biofilm formation, but the stability of the non-pathogenic biofilms challenged by uropathogens over long-term remains a concern...
December 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
keyword
keyword
48959
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"