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Catheter associated urinary tract infection

Madhuri M Sopirala, Asma Syed, Roman Jandarov, Margaret Lewis
BACKGROUND: In January 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/National Health Safety Network (NHSN) changed the definition of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI). We evaluated the outcomes of a robust CAUTI prevention program when we performed surveillance using the old definition (before 2015) versus the new definition (after 2015). This is the first study to evaluate how the change in CDC/NHSN definitions affected the outcomes of a CAUTI reduction program...
March 16, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
Kathleen Rea, Uyen Le-Jenkins, Carolyn Rutledge
Catheter-associated urinary tract infections account for 40% of healthcare-acquired infections. This study explored the addition of cloud-based software technology to an established nursing quality improvement program to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections. Unit-based nurse champions evaluated peers' evidence-based catheter-associated urinary tract infection prevention practices using manual, paper-based feedback. That process achieved reduced rates of catheter-associated urinary tract infection over 18 months...
March 15, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
Jung In Park, Donna Z Bliss, Chih-Lin Chi, Connie W Delaney, Bonnie L Westra
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with healthcare-acquired catheter-associated urinary tract infections (HA-CAUTIs) using multiple data sources and data mining techniques. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Three data sets were integrated for analysis: electronic health record data from a university hospital in the Midwestern United States was combined with staffing and environmental data from the hospital's National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators and a list of patients with HA-CAUTIs...
March 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Karen Trudel, Samara Zavalkoff, Nicholas Winters, Caroline Quach, Jacques Lacroix, Patricia S Fontela
BACKGROUND: Prolonged use of indwelling catheters is associated with hospital-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs). Literature is scarce about the factors influencing urinary catheter removal and maintenance in children. This study aims to describe the determinants of urinary catheter removal in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 171 physicians and nurses working at 2 tertiary PICUs in Montreal, Canada. We used focus groups and literature review to design the survey questions and 3 clinical scenarios...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
Stamatis Karakonstantis, Dimitra Kalemaki
PURPOSE: The practice of obtaining blood culture in febrile urinary tract infections is controversial, considering that blood cultures rarely provide additional useful information compared to urine cultures alone. Furthermore, whether a longer treatment duration is necessary in bacteremic patients is also controversial. Here, we aim to review to relevant studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed and Scopus for studies providing information regarding the discordance between urine and blood cultures...
March 6, 2018: Infectious Diseases
Brittani Jones, Allyson C Berent, Chick W Weisse, Robert Hart, Leilani Alvarez, Anthony Fischetti, B David Horn, Douglas Canning
CASE DESCRIPTION A 14-week-old 7.7-kg (16.9-lb) sexually intact female Golden Retriever was evaluated because of urine dripping from the caudoventral aspect of the abdomen. CLINICAL FINDINGS Ultrasonography, radiography, excretory CT urography, and vaginocystourethroscopy were performed. Results indicated eversion of the bladder through the ventral abdominal wall with exposure of the ureterovesicular junctions, pubic diastasis, and an open vulva and clitoral fossa. Clinical findings were suggestive of bladder exstrophy, a rare congenital anomaly...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Branimir Lodeta, Dino Lovrinic, Maja Lodeta, Tina Zavidic, Hrvoje Baric
INTRODUCTION: This study is aimed at assessing the use of various types of urinary catheters, appropriateness of catheter placement and factors associated with antibiotic use in a population of chronically catheterized patients in Istria County. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study, conducted between March and June 2017 in Istria County, Croatia, was initiated through a network of general family medicine offices. Data were collected from general practitioners (GPs) and from medical managers in nursing homes...
March 2, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Yasuhiro Ikeda, Katsumi Shigemura, Masashi Nomi, Chie Tabata, Koichi Kitagawa, Soichi Arakawa, Masato Fujisawa
We present our experience controlling outbreaks of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing bacteria in catheter-associated urinary tract infection and our measures for preventing recurrence of outbreaks. In June 2015, 9 out of 44 hospitalized patients in the same ward had positive urine culture with antibiotic-resistant bacteria, including ESBL-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae belonging to the same cluster, indicating a localized outbreak. The environmental tests detected resistant strains at 1,000 colony forming units/cm2 or more in 8 out of 10 tests...
February 28, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
David W Hutton, Sarah L Krein, Sanjay Saint, Nicholas Graves, Ajay Kolli, Raymond Lynem, Lona Mody
OBJECTIVE: To assess the economic effect and cost effectiveness of a targeted catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) prevention intervention in the nursing home (NH) setting. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Community-based NHs (N=12). PARTICIPANTS: NH residents with indwelling urinary catheters (N=418). INTERVENTION: Standard care versus infection prevention program involving barrier precautions, active surveillance, and NH staff education...
February 28, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Christopher S Hollenbeak, Amber L Schilling
BACKGROUND: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are the most common healthcare-acquired condition. The attributable cost of CAUTIs is frequently cited to be approximately $1,000. However, there is a paucity of recent literature that confirms this estimate. The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review of the literature that estimates the attributable cost of CAUTIs in the United States. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using Pubmed...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
Carlos Gustavo Trujillo, Cristina Domínguez, Daniela Robledo, Juan Ignacio Caicedo, Alejandra Bravo-Balado, Juan Guillermo Cataño, Natalia Cortés, Lina Parra, Wilson Riaño, Eduardo Londoño-Schimmer, Jorge Otero, Gabriel Herrera, Fernando Arias, Mauricio Plata
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS-HIPEC) is associated with significant manipulation of the urinary tract (UT). We aim to describe the urological events and their management in patients who underwent CRS-HIPEC. METHODS: Clinical records of patients who underwent treatment between 2007 and 2015 were reviewed. Urological events and their multidisciplinary management were analyzed. Descriptive statistics were calculated...
February 23, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Abigail Shatkin-Margolis, Jenna Warehime, Rachel N Pauls
OBJECTIVES: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common after pelvic reconstructive surgery, likely due to high rates of urinary retention. We sought to determine if prescription of cranberry capsules reduced UTIs in postoperative patients requiring catheter use. METHODS: This was an institutional review board-approved retrospective cohort study. Two 6-month periods were compared: April to September 2015, before cranberry capsules were incorporated, and April to September 2016, after cranberry capsules were implemented...
March 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Maria Soledad Kappes Ramirez
A study of cost has been performed that considers cases and controls of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) regarding urinary tract infections (UTI) in a public hospital in the south of Chile. To perform the study, 10 cases of UTI were examined, considering the use of a urinary catheter as a risk factor. The study contributes to clarifying the costs of HAI, justifying the investments that can be made in order to prevent HAI in health centers. This study provides the basis to determine the importance not only in preventing infections, but also in the savings that the health system should consider when health centers prevent nosocomial infections...
February 23, 2018: Hospital Topics
Hugues Georges, Olivier Leroy, Norair Airapetian, Nicolas Lamblin, Elie Zogheib, Patrick Devos, Sebastien Preau
BACKGROUND: Right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) is an uncommon diagnosis accounting for less than 10% of cases of infective endocarditis. Optimal management for severely ill patients with RSIE remains challenging because few studies reported on management and outcome. The goal of our study was to determine outcome and associated prognostic factors in a population of ICU patients with a diagnosis of definite, active and severe RSIE. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study in 10 French ICUs between January 2002 and December 2012...
February 21, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Desmond Hsu, Mark Melzer
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In 2017, National Health Service Improvement set a 10% reduction target for Escherichia coli bacteraemia by 2018, followed by a 50% reduction in healthcare-associated Gram-negative bacteraemias by 2022. We analysed consecutive cases of E. coli bacteraemia and devised a strategy to achieve these targets. METHODS: From December 2012 to November 2013, demographic, clinical and microbiological data were prospectively collected on all patients with bacteraemia at the Royal London Hospital in East London, UK...
February 20, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Blayne Welk, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Andrei Krassioukov, Louise Husted Torp, Dean Elterman
STUDY DESIGN: A Markov model was used to analyze cost-effectiveness over a lifetime horizon. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of hydrophilic-coated intermittent catheters (HCICs) compared with uncoated catheters (UCs) among individuals with neurogenic bladder dysfunction (NB) due to spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: A Canadian public payer perspective based on data from Ontario; including a scenario analysis from the societal perspective...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
Guillermo E Juarez, Estela M Galván
Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli form mixed species biofilms in catheter-associated urinary tract infections. Recently, a detrimental effect of K. pneumoniae over E. coli was observed in mixed species biofilms grown in an artificial urine medium. The mechanism behind this competitive interaction was studied. K. pneumoniae partially outcompeted E. coli in early-stage batch-fed biofilms, whereas both microorganisms co-exist at longer times (K. pneumoniae:E. coli ratio, 55:1), as shown by cell counts and confocal microscopy...
February 19, 2018: Biofouling
Heather L Young, Bryan C Knepper, Whitney Daum, Tara Janosz, Larissa M Pisney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Nick Daneman, Asgar H Rishu, Ruxandra Pinto, Pierre Aslanian, Sean M Bagshaw, Alex Carignan, Emmanuel Charbonney, Bryan Coburn, Deborah J Cook, Michael E Detsky, Peter Dodek, Richard Hall, Anand Kumar, Francois Lamontagne, Francois Lauzier, John C Marshall, Claudio M Martin, Lauralyn McIntyre, John Muscedere, Steven Reynolds, Wendy Sligl, Henry T Stelfox, M Elizabeth Wilcox, Robert A Fowler
BACKGROUND: Shorter-duration antibiotic treatment is sufficient for a range of bacterial infections, but has not been adequately studied for bloodstream infections. Our systematic review, survey, and observational study indicated equipoise for a trial of 7 versus 14 days of antibiotic treatment for bloodstream infections; a pilot randomized clinical trial (RCT) was a necessary next step to assess feasibility of a larger trial. METHODS: We conducted an open, pilot RCT of antibiotic treatment duration among critically ill patients with bloodstream infection across 11 intensive care units (ICUs)...
February 17, 2018: Trials
Joshua L Golubovsky, Haariss Ilyas, Jinxiao Chen, Joseph E Tanenbaum, Thomas E Mroz, Michael P Steinmetz
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Postoperative Urinary Retention (POUR) is a very common post-operative complication of all surgeries (5 - 70%) that may lead to complications such as urinary tract infection (UTI), bladder over-distention, autonomic dysregulation, and increased postoperative length of stay (LOS). Within the field of spine surgery, the reported incidence of POUR is highly variable (5.6 - 38%). Lack of clear stratification of surgical level, spinal pathology, and inadequate sample size is a major limitation of available studies concerning POUR following spine surgery that may lead to inconsistency in the incidence of POUR and the ability to model its occurrence and consequences...
February 12, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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