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Ankle fusion complications

Anouar Bourghli, Safwat Abouhashem, Rami Abo Wali, Ibrahim Obeid, Louis Boissiere, Jean-Marc Vital, Mohammed Al Sarawan
PURPOSE: Gunshot injury to the spine can be devastating, and it has increased in the civilian population during the last decade. METHODS: We present the case of a 30-year-old male, who received a bullet in his back after exchange of fire with the police. Initial assessment revealed paraparesis with cerebrospinal fluid leak (CSF) from the bullet entry hole, CT scan showed metal debris with two bullet fragments in the L5/S1 right foramen and lateral recess, and another fragment in the central canal posteriorly, and also it revealed two fracture lines creating a right L5 "floating pedicle"...
March 10, 2018: European Spine Journal
Dissanayake Mudiyanselage Priyantha Udaya Kumara Ralapanawa, Kulatunga Wijekoon Mudiyanselage Pramitha Prabhashini Kumarihamy, Miriyalini Sundararajah, Widana Arachchilage Thilak Ananda Jayalath
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic myocarditis is one of the fatal complications of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndromes. Given the rarity of this form of myocarditis, it is often under-recognized. We describe a young girl who presented with features of heart failure. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of eosinophilic myocarditis in a young Sri Lankan female. CASE PRESENTATION: A previously healthy 21 year old Sri Lankan female admitted with shortness of breath for 1 week duration with associated low grade fever and profuse sweating...
March 9, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Christiane Kruppa, Tyler Snoap, Debra L Sietsema, Thomas A Schildhauer, Marcel Dudda, Clifford B Jones
The outcomes of pediatric talus fractures have been minimally reported in published studies. The purpose of the present retrospective study was to determine the clinical and radiographic outcomes after talus fractures in pediatric and adolescent patients and to define the differences among the different age groups in this population. A total of 52 children and adolescents (54 fractures) with 24 type 1 (44.44%), 13 type 2 (24.07%), 8 type 3 (14.81%), and 9 type 4 (16.67%) Marti-Weber fractures were considered...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Danielle Thomas, David Thordarson
BACKGROUND: Hallux rigidus is a common osteoarthritic disease of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ). Few salvage treatment options exist that preserve motion for patients who have failed an initial procedure and who are not amenable to fusion, typically patients who are active or who would like to wear high heels. Allograft tendon interpositional arthroplasty is an unconventional salvage treatment option that may preserve motion and prevent bone loss. METHODS: A retrospective chart review is reported of 19 patients who failed previous procedures and refused fusion who underwent allograft tendon interpositional arthroplasty of the hallux MTPJ by a single surgeon between 2012 and 2015...
March 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Michael W Downey, Ted C Lai, Justin J Fleming
At present there is controversy regarding the appropriate treatment of severely comminuted fractures of the lower extremity. Even with near-perfect anatomic reduction of severely comminuted fractures, development of posttraumatic arthritis is still present at an increased rate. Primary fusion of comminuted fractures of the foot and ankle creates successful and predictable outcomes, which dismisses the chance of developing posttraumatic arthritis and decreases complications and the need for revisional procedures...
April 2018: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
M Chraim, S Krenn, H M Alrabai, H-J Trnka, P Bock
AIMS: Hindfoot arthrodesis with retrograde intramedullary nailing has been described as a surgical strategy to reconstruct deformities of the ankle and hindfoot in patients with Charcot arthropathy. This study presents case series of Charcot arthropathy patients treated with two different retrograde intramedullary straight compression nails in order to reconstruct the hindfoot and assess the results over a mid-term follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 18 consecutive patients and 19 operated feet with Charcot arthropathy who underwent a hindfoot arthrodesis using a retrograde intramedullary compression nail...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
Zhong-Yu Hao, Ping Pei, Lin Liu, Yu-Xin Song
OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical outcomes of retrograde interlocked intramedullary nailing with tibia bone graft fusion in treating end-stage ankle arthritis. METHODS: From November 2014 to April 2016, 22 patients with end-stage ankle arthritis were treated with retrograde interlocked intramedullary nailing with tibia bone graft fusion, including 9 males and 13 females aged from 30 to 65 years old with an average of 48.5 years old. Seven patients had obvious varus deformity, and other 15 patients' appearance were normal...
June 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Moses Lee, Woo Jin Choi, Seung Hwan Han, Jinyoung Jang, Jin Woo Lee
BACKGROUND: Tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) fusion using a retrograde intramedullary (IM) nail is an effective salvage option for terminal-stage hindfoot problems. However, as many patients who receive TTC fusion bear unfavorable medical comorbidities, the risk of nonunion, infection and other complications increases. This study was performed to identify the factors influencing outcomes after TTC fusion using a retrograde IM nail. METHODS: Between September 2008 and February 2012, 34 consecutive patients received TTC fusion using a retrograde IM nail for limb salvage...
July 22, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Ibukunoluwa B Araoye, Yvonne E Chodaba, Kenneth S Smith, Ryan W Hadden, Ashish B Shah
BACKGROUND: Current literature on carbon fiber implant use in foot and ankle surgery is scant. The purpose of this paper is to report medium-term outcomes of hindfoot fusion using a carbon fiber intramedullary nail. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 30 cases of hindfoot fusion using carbon fiber intramedullary nail fixation between 2014 and 2017. We excluded revisions and cases with bulk allograft or ankle infection prior to surgery. We reviewed charts for length of followup, radiographic union, and complications...
July 29, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
N Vasukutty, H Jawalkar, A Anugraha, R Chekuri, R Ahluwalia, V Kavarthapu
BACKGROUND: Corrective fusion for the unstable deformed hind foot and mid foot in Charcot Neuroarthropathy (CN) is quite challenging and is best done in tertiary centres under the supervision of multidisciplinary teams. METHODS: We present a follow up to our initial report with a series of 42 hind foot corrections in 40 patients from a tertiary level teaching hospital in the United Kingdom. The mean patient age was 59 (33-82). 17 patients had type1diabetes mellitus, 23 had type 2...
April 28, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Tina Klerken, Nienke M Kosse, Chris A M Aarts, Jan Willem K Louwerens
BACKGROUND: Pain, deformity and instability are the main reasons for fusion of the tarsal joints, a triple arthrodesis. The short and midterm results show that mobility, function and satisfaction increase postoperatively. However, osteoarthritis (OA) of the adjacent ankle joint is described as a long-term complication. Alignment of the foot could be an influencing factor. The aim of this study was to examine whether malalignment after triple arthrodesis leads to a higher grade of OA at long-term follow-up...
November 29, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Ariel Palanca, Roger A Mann, Jeffrey A Mann, Andrew Haskell
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) has become a mainstay in the treatment of end-stage ankle arthritis. Currently in its fourth generation, the Scandanavian Total Ankle Replacement (STAR) is the only 3-piece mobile bearing ankle prosthesis available in the United States. Our current study reports implant survivorship at 15 years and patient outcomes for a subset of these survivors available for study. METHODS: Eighty-four TAAs were performed between 1998 and 2000...
February 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Mallikarjun Honnenahalli Chandrappa, Shahin Hajibandeh, Shahab Hajibandeh
Objectives: Our objective was to perform a systematic review of the literature and conduct a meta-analysis to investigate the outcomes of open versus arthroscopic methods of ankle fusion. Methods: In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement standards, we performed a systematic review. Electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched to identify randomised and non-randomised studies comparing outcomes of arthroscopic and open ankle arthrodesis...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
Xavier Paredes-Carnero, Antonio María Fernández-Cebrián, Silvia Villardefrancos-Gil
PURPOSE: To determine if the postoperative alignment of the hallux influences the final clinical outcome of hallux metatarsophalangeal joint (first MTPJ) arthrodesis. METHODS: A total of 71 consecutive cases (hallux rigidus) were studied in stages 3 and 4. They were operated through arthrodesis between 2008 and 2014. The follow-up mean was 7.3 years. The AOFAS (American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society) test was performed preintervention and per annum. In radiology, both the hallux valgus angle and the dorsiflexion angle of the first MTPJ were studied...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Philippe Hernigou, Arnaud Dubory, Charles Henri Flouzat Lachaniette, Issam Khaled, Nathalie Chevallier, Helene Rouard
PURPOSE: Avascular necrosis of the talus is one of the most notable complications associated with talar neck fractures with frequent evolution of the osteonecrosis into a difficult arthrodesis. We tested whether the injection of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could improve the repair process of the osteonecrosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-five early (without collapse) post-traumatic talus osteonecroses (group 1; study group) were treated between 1995 and 2012 with percutaneous injection of progenitor cells (autologous bone marrow concentrate from the iliac crest)...
January 5, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Silvampatti Ramaswamy Sundararajan, Ramakanth Rajagopalakrishnan, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran
We report a rare presentation of a ruptured pseudoaneurysm of the lateral plantar artery following tibiotalocalcaneal fusion with a retrograde nail at 1 month after the index surgery. Although case reports of pseudoaneurysms of larger arteries such as the anterior tibial artery and posterior tibial artery after ankle surgery (e.g., ankle arthroscopy, implant removal, Ilizarov application) have been reported, we report a rare complication of a pseudoaneurysm of the lateral plantar artery. We discuss the anatomic considerations of the lateral plantar artery in the foot and the entry point of the retrograde nail to avoid this unusual complication...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Alyssa Althoff, Jourdan M Cancienne, Minton T Cooper, Brian C Werner
Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is a devastating complication that often results in explantation to resolve the infection. The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the patient-related risk factors for PJI after TAA. A national insurance database was queried for patients undergoing TAA using the Current Procedural Terminology and International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision, procedure codes from 2005 to 2012. Patients undergoing TAA with concomitant fusion procedures or more complex forefoot procedures were excluded...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Nicola Maffulli, Umile Giuseppe Longo, Joel Locher, Giovanni Romeo, Giuseppe Salvatore, Vincenzo Denaro
Introduction: In advanced stages of ankle osteoarthritis (OA), ankle arthrodesis (AA) or total ankle arthroplasty (TAR) may be necessary. Our purpose is to compare AA and total ankle replacement for the surgical management of end stage ankle OA. Sources of data: We conducted a literature search of PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane, Embase and Google Scholar databases using the terms 'ankle' in combination with 'OA', 'arthrodesis', 'arthroplasty', 'joint fusion', 'joint replacement'...
December 1, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
Khaled M Emara, Ramy Ahmed Diab, Mohamed Amr Hemida
INTRODUCTION: Charcot's neuroarthropathy of ankle leads to instability, destruction of the joint with significant morbidity that may require an amputation. Aim of surgical treatment is to achieve painless stable plantigrade foot through arthrodesis. Achieving surgical arthrodesis in Charcot's neuroarthropathy has a high failure rate. We assess the outcomes of retrograde intramedullary interlocked nailing in tibio-talar arthrodesis for Charcot's neuroarthropathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 42 diabetic patients with a mean age of 49 year underwent ankle tibio-talar arthrodesis using retrograde nailing for Charcot's neuroarthropathy...
November 7, 2017: Foot
Nikolay Mikhailovich Kliushin, Anatoliy Sergeyevich Sudnitsyn, Koushik Narayan Subramanyam, Jefferson George
BACKGROUND: The combination of neurologic deformity of the ankle and foot with osteomyelitis is a therapeutic challenge. We investigated the role of Ilizarov with regard to eradication of infection, correction of deformities and improvement of patient function. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 77 patients (77 feet) with neurologic deformity of the ankle and foot with osteomyelitis treated sequentially in 3 stages by Ilizarov method. The 3 stages were (1) active debridement and Ilizarov stabilization, (2) further strengthening of Ilizarov fixator and active osteosynthesis consisting of strategies like arthrodesis, osteotomy distraction, bone transport, or combination thereof, (3) consolidation of fusion/regeneration achieved in second stage...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
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