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Radiotherapy contouring atlas

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928706/variability-of-clinical-target-volume-delineation-for-rectal-cancer-patients-planned-for-neoadjuvant-radiotherapy-with-the-aid-of-the-platform-anatom-e
#1
Pierfrancesco Franco, Francesca Arcadipane, Elisabetta Trino, Elena Gallio, Stefania Martini, Giuseppe Carlo Iorio, Cristina Piva, Francesco Moretto, Maria Grazia Ruo Redda, Roberta Verna, Vassiliki Tseroni, Cristina Bona, Gabriele Pozzi, Christian Fiandra, Riccardo Ragona, Oscar Bertetto, Umberto Ricardi
Objective: Delineation of treatment volumes is a major source of uncertainties in radiotherapy (RT). This is also true for rectal cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant RT, with a potential impact on treatment quality. We investigated the role of the digital platform Anatom-e (Anatom-e Information Sytems Ltd., Houston, Texas) in increasing the compliance to follow a specific treatment protocol in a multicentric setting. Materials and methods: Two clinical cases of locally advanced rectal cancer were chosen...
June 2018: Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714086/a-dosimetric-evaluation-on-applying-rtog-based-and-ct-mri-based-delineation-methods-to-brachial-plexus-in-radiotherapy-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-treated-with-helical-tomotherapy
#2
Chi-Him Li, Vincent Wc Wu, George Chiu
OBJECTIVE: In radiotherapy of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients, the brachial plexus (BP) situated at both sides of the neck is often irradiated to high dose. This study was to evaluate different BP delineation methods and analyse the dosimetric consequences when applying BP dose constraints in radiotherapy planning of NPC. METHODS: 15 NPC cases radically treated with helical tomotherapy were recruited. Apart from the original treatment plan (Plan A), two new plans (Plans B and C) with additional BP dose constraints were computed using the same planning CT images, structures and planning parameters...
May 17, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605479/is-accurate-contouring-of-salivary-and-swallowing-structures-necessary-to-spare-them-in-head-and-neck-vmat-plans
#3
Alexander R Delaney, Max Dahele, Ben J Slotman, Wilko F A R Verbakel
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Current standards for organ-at-risk (OAR) contouring encourage anatomical accuracy which can be resource intensive. Certain OARs may be suitable for alternative delineation strategies. We investigated whether simplified salivary and swallowing structure contouring can still lead to good OAR sparing in automated head and neck cancer (HNC) plans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For 15 HNC patients, knowledge-based plans (KBPs) using RapidPlan™ were created using: (1) standard clinical contours for all OARs (benchmark-plans), (2) automated knowledge-based contours for the salivary glands, with standard contours for the remaining OARs (SS-plans) and (3) simplified contours (SC-plans) consisting of quick-to-draw tubular structures to account for the oral cavity, salivary glands and swallowing muscles...
March 28, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594231/radiotherapy-dose-distribution-to-the-perirectal-fat-space-prs-is-related-to-gastrointestinal-control-related-complications
#4
S L Gulliford, S Ghose, M A Ebert, A Kennedy, J Dowling, J Mitra, D J Joseph, J W Denham
Traditionally rectal symptoms following pelvic/prostate radiotherapy are correlated to the dosimetry of the anorectum or a substructure of this. It has been suggested that the perirectal fat space (PRS) surrounding the rectum may also be relevant. This study considers the delineation and dosimetry of the PRS related to both rectal bleeding and control-related toxicity. Initially, a case-control cohort of 100 patients from the RADAR study were chosen based on presence/absence of rectal control-related toxicity...
December 2017: Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576492/hippocampal-sparing-in-stereotactic-radiotherapy-for-brain-metastases-to-contour-or-not-contour-the-hippocampus
#5
C Di Carlo, M Trignani, L Caravatta, A Vinciguerra, A Augurio, F Perrotti, M Di Tommaso, M Nuzzo, S Giancaterino, M D Falco, D Genovesi
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to evaluate hippocampal irradiation in patients treated with fractionated stereotactic brain radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective hippocampal dosimetric analysis performed on 22 patients with one to four brain metastases treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy using volumetric intensity-modulated arc therapy. Original plans did not include hippocampus as avoidance structure in optimization criteria; hippocampus was retrospectively delineated on magnetic resonance coregistered with planning CT and using as reference the RTOG 0933 atlas...
April 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290281/optimising-volumetric-arc-radiotherapy-for-dental-rehabilitation-in-oropharynx-cancer-a-retrospective-dosimetry-review-and-feasibility-planning-study
#6
Sean M O'Cathail, Naveen Karir, Ketan Shah
PURPOSE: To assess the dosimetry to dentally relevant substructures within the mandible/maxilla, establish the predictors of increased mean anterior mandible dose and assess the feasibility of rationale optimisation of dose to the anterior mandible (AM) volume to aid reconstructive dental surgery planning, where the AM is a critical structure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cohort of radically treated oropharynx cancer patients we conducted a retrospective dosimetry analysis of mandible/maxilla volumes, created using a published atlas...
January 2018: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208513/clinical-evaluation-of-atlas-and-deep-learning-based-automatic-contouring-for-lung-cancer
#7
Tim Lustberg, Johan van Soest, Mark Gooding, Devis Peressutti, Paul Aljabar, Judith van der Stoep, Wouter van Elmpt, Andre Dekker
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Contouring of organs at risk (OARs) is an important but time consuming part of radiotherapy treatment planning. The aim of this study was to investigate whether using institutional created software-generated contouring will save time if used as a starting point for manual OAR contouring for lung cancer patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty CT scans of stage I-III NSCLC patients were used to compare user adjusted contours after an atlas-based and deep learning contour, against manual delineation...
February 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178498/technical-note-solving-the-chinese-postman-problem-for-effective-contour-deformation
#8
Jingqian Wang, Yongbin Zhang, Lifei Zhang, Lei Dong, Peter A Balter, Laurence E Court, Jinzhong Yang
PURPOSE: To develop a practical approach for accurate contour deformation when deformable image registration (DIR) is used for atlas-based segmentation or contour propagation in image-guided radiotherapy. METHODS: We developed a contour deformation approach based on 3D mesh operations. The 2D contours represented by a series of points in each slice were first converted to a 3D triangular mesh, which was deformed by the deformation vectors resulting from DIR. A set of parallel 2D planes then cut through the deformed 3D mesh, generating unordered points and line segments, to be reorganized into a set of 2D contour points...
February 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097012/intensity-based-dual-model-method-for-generation-of-synthetic-ct-images-from-standard-t2-weighted-mr-images-generalized-technique-for-four-different-mr-scanners
#9
Lauri Koivula, Mika Kapanen, Tiina Seppälä, Juhani Collan, Jason A Dowling, Peter B Greer, Christian Gustafsson, Adalsteinn Gunnlaugsson, Lars E Olsson, Leonard Wee, Juha Korhonen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that it is possible to conduct entire radiotherapy treatment planning (RTP) workflow using only MR images. This study aims to develop a generalized intensity-based method to generate synthetic CT (sCT) images from standard T2-weighted (T2w) MR images of the pelvis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study developed a generalized dual model HU conversion method to convert standard T2w MR image intensity values to synthetic HU values, separately inside and outside of atlas-segmented bone volume contour...
October 30, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076457/investigating-the-generalisation-of-an-atlas-based-synthetic-ct-algorithm-to-another-centre-and-mr-scanner-for-prostate-mr-only-radiotherapy
#10
Jonathan J Wyatt, Jason A Dowling, Charles G Kelly, Jill McKenna, Emily Johnstone, Richard Speight, Ann Henry, Peter B Greer, Hazel M McCallum
There is increasing interest in MR-only radiotherapy planning since it provides superb soft-tissue contrast without the registration uncertainties inherent in a CT-MR registration. However, MR images cannot readily provide the electron density information necessary for radiotherapy dose calculation. An algorithm which generates synthetic CTs for dose calculations from MR images of the prostate using an atlas of 3 T MR images has been previously reported by two of the authors. This paper aimed to evaluate this algorithm using MR data acquired at a different field strength and a different centre to the algorithm atlas...
November 21, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611300/consistency-mapping-of-16-lymph-node-stations-in-gastric-cancer-by-ct-based-vessel-guided-delineation-of-255-patients
#11
Shuhang Xu, Lingling Feng, Yongming Chen, Ying Sun, Yao Lu, Shaomin Huang, Yang Fu, Rongqin Zheng, Yujing Zhang, Rong Zhang
In order to refine the location and metastasis-risk density of 16 lymph node stations of gastric cancer for neoadjuvant radiotherapy, we retrospectively reviewed the initial images and pathological reports of 255 gastric cancer patients with lymphatic metastasis. Metastatic lymph nodes identified in the initial computed tomography images were investigated by two radiologists with gastrointestinal specialty. A circle with a diameter of 5 mm was used to identify the central position of each metastatic lymph node, defined as the LNc (the central position of the lymph node)...
June 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510808/development-of-a-contouring-guide-in-three-different-head-set-ups-for-hippocampal-sparing-radiotherapy-a-practical-approach
#12
Saide Di Biase, Marianna Trignani, Luciana Caravatta, Paul Ioan Voicu, Clelia Di Carlo, Annamaria Vinciguerra, Antonietta Augurio, Francesca Perrotti, Valentina Panara, Domenico Genovesi
BACKGROUNDS: Irradiation of the hippocampus plays a role in neurocognitive toxicity. Its delineation is complex and in practice different head position can vary hippocampus morphology on axial images; so atlas in a single standard position can result ineffective to describe different hippocampal morphologies in different head set-up. The purpose of our study was to develop a guide based on magnetic resonance imaging for hippocampus delineation in three different head set-ups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three patients were selected to elaborate our guide...
September 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379850/a-novel-geometry-dosimetry-label-fusion-method-in-multi-atlas-segmentation-for-radiotherapy-a-proof-of-concept-study
#13
Jina Chang, Zhen Tian, Weiguo Lu, Xuejun Gu, Mingli Chen, Steve B Jiang
Multi-atlas segmentation (MAS) has been widely used to automate the delineation of organs at risk (OARs) for radiotherapy. Label fusion is a crucial step in MAS to cope with the segmentation variabilities among multiple atlases. However, most existing label fusion methods do not consider the potential dosimetric impact of the segmentation result. In this proof-of-concept study, we propose a novel geometry-dosimetry label fusion method for MAS-based OAR auto-contouring, which evaluates the segmentation performance in terms of both geometric accuracy and the dosimetric impact of the segmentation accuracy on the resulting treatment plan...
May 7, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376237/use-of-image-registration-and-fusion-algorithms-and-techniques-in-radiotherapy-report-of-the-aapm-radiation-therapy-committee-task-group-no-132
#14
Kristy K Brock, Sasa Mutic, Todd R McNutt, Hua Li, Marc L Kessler
Image registration and fusion algorithms exist in almost every software system that creates or uses images in radiotherapy. Most treatment planning systems support some form of image registration and fusion to allow the use of multimodality and time-series image data and even anatomical atlases to assist in target volume and normal tissue delineation. Treatment delivery systems perform registration and fusion between the planning images and the in-room images acquired during the treatment to assist patient positioning...
July 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351523/quality-assessment-of-delineation-and-dose-planning-of-early-breast-cancer-patients-included-in-the-randomized-skagen-trial-1
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Giulio Francolini, Mette S Thomsen, Esben S Yates, Carine Kirkove, Ingelise Jensen, Egil S Blix, Claus Kamby, Mette H Nielsen, Mechthild Krause, Martin Berg, Ingvil Mjaaland, Andreas Schreiber, Unn-Miriam Kasti, Kristian Boye, Birgitte V Offersen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To report on a Quality assessment (QA) of Skagen Trial 1, exploring hypofractionation for breast cancer patients with indication for regional nodal radiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Deviations from protocol regarding target volume delineations and dose parameters (Dmin, Dmax, D98%, D95% and D2%) from randomly selected dose plans were assessed. Target volume delineation according to ESTRO guidelines was obtained through atlas based automated segmentation and centrally approved as gold standard (GS)...
May 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339289/the-role-of-delineation-education-programs-for-improving-interobserver-variability-in-target-volume-delineation-in-gastric-cancer
#16
Cem Onal, Mustafa Cengiz, Ozan C Guler, Yemliha Dolek, Serdar Ozkok
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether delineation courses for radiation oncologists improve interobserver variability in target volume delineation for post-operative gastric cancer radiotherapy planning. METHODS: 29 radiation oncologists delineated target volumes in a gastric cancer patient. An experienced radiation oncologist lectured about delineation based on contouring atlas and delineation recommendations. After the course, the radiation oncologists, blinded to the previous delineation, provided delineation for the same patient...
May 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296324/the-feasibility-of-atlas-based-automatic-segmentation-of-mri-for-h-n-radiotherapy-planning
#17
Kieran Wardman, Robin J D Prestwich, Mark J Gooding, Richard J Speight
Atlas-based autosegmentation is an established tool for segmenting structures for CT-planned head and neck radiotherapy. MRI is being increasingly integrated into the planning process. The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility of MRI-based, atlas-based autosegmentation for organs at risk (OAR) and lymph node levels, and to compare the segmentation accuracy with CT-based autosegmentation. Fourteen patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer in a prospective imaging study underwent a T1-weighted MRI and a PET-CT (with dedicated contrast-enhanced CT) in an immobilization mask...
July 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134979/a-multiresolution-prostate-representation-for-automatic-segmentation-in-magnetic-resonance-images
#18
Charlens Alvarez, Fabio Martínez, Eduardo Romero
PURPOSE: Accurate prostate delineation is necessary in radiotherapy processes for concentrating the dose onto the prostate and reducing side effects in neighboring organs. Currently, manual delineation is performed over magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) taking advantage of its high soft tissue contrast property. Nevertheless, as human intervention is a consuming task with high intra- and interobserver variability rates, (semi)-automatic organ delineation tools have emerged to cope with these challenges, reducing the time spent for these tasks...
April 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048133/su-f-j-113-multi-atlas-based-automatic-organ-segmentation-for-lung-radiotherapy-planning
#19
J Kim, J Han, S Ailawadi, J Baker, A Hsia, Z Xu, S Ryu
PURPOSE: Normal organ segmentation is one time-consuming and labor-intensive step for lung radiotherapy treatment planning. The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of a multi-atlas based segmentation approach for automatic organs at risk (OAR) delineation. METHODS: Fifteen Lung stereotactic body radiation therapy patients were randomly selected. Planning CT images and OAR contours of the heart - HT, aorta - AO, vena cava - VC, pulmonary trunk - PT, and esophagus - ES were exported and used as reference and atlas sets...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048041/su-f-j-34-automatic-target-based-patient-positioning-framework-for-image-guided-radiotherapy-in-prostate-cancer-treatment
#20
M Sasahara, H Arimura, Y Shibayama, T Hirose, S Ohga, Y Umezu, H Honda, T Sasaki
PURPOSE: Current image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) procedure is bonebased patient positioning, followed by subjective manual correction using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). This procedure might cause the misalignment of the patient positioning. Automatic target-based patient positioning systems achieve the better reproducibility of patient setup. Our aim of this study was to develop an automatic target-based patient positioning framework for IGRT with CBCT images in prostate cancer treatment...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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