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retroperitoneum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217238/fetus-in-fetu-case-report-and-brief-review-of-literature-on-embryologic-origin-clinical-presentation-imaging-and-differential-diagnosis
#1
Suhas Aithal Sitharama, Bibekanand Jindal, Mrudula Kumari Vuriti, Bikash Kumar Naredi, Sriram Krishnamurthy, Deepak Barathi Subramania
BACKGROUND: Fetus in fetu (FIF) is a rare entity in which a malformed diamniotic monochorionic parasitic fetal twin develops inside a normal co-twin's body, most commonly in the abdominal cavity. FIF is differentiated from the teratoma by the presence of vertebral column often with an appropriate arrangement of other organs or limbs around it. CASE REPORT: A two-and-a-half-year-old girl presented with a painless abdominal swelling in the right hypochondrium. On imaging, a heterogenous soft tissue mass with internal calcific densities was noted in the retroperitoneum...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217025/the-imaging-findings-of-erdheim-chester-disease-a-multimodality-approach-to-diagnosis-and-staging
#2
Patrick Martineau, Matthieu Pelletier-Galarneau, Wanzhen Zeng
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare, non-Langerhans histiocytic disorder. The most common manifestations consist of polyostotic sclerotic lesions with the majority of cases also demonstrating soft tissue involvement of the sinuses, retroperitoneum, large vessels, heart, lungs, and central nervous system. Nuclear medicine can play an important role in assessing the extent of the disease with bone scintigraphy and fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET). We present the case of a middle-aged female who initially presented with tooth pain...
January 2017: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216944/ureteric-erosion-and-obstruction-a-rare-but-dreaded-complication-of-intrauterine-contraceptive-device
#3
Vinod Priyadarshi, Nidhi Sehgal, Dipanwita Sen
Though intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is a safe and most frequently used long-term contraceptive method, it has some complications. Uterine perforation and intra-abdominal migration have been reported often, but a retroperitoneal migration is exceptional. Here, we are reporting an IUCD which perforated the uterus and migrated to the retroperitoneum; impinging into and obstructing left ureter causing severe hydroureteronephrosis due to the development of the left lower ureteric stricture.
January 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216937/renal-cell-carcinoma-atypical-metastasis-to-inguinal-lymph-nodes
#4
Qamar Saeed Chaudhry, Tanweer Ahmed Naveed Bhatty, Ziauddin Khan, Elsawi Medani Osman
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a common tumor of the urinary tract. It is known to have variable presentations due to the extremely vascular nature of the organ. RCC are known to metastasize to lungs, bone, and brain commonly but atypical metastasis to various sites are reported in literature but as very rare pathology. We report a case of a 60-year-old female who presented with multiple inguinal and axillary lymph node enlargements which on excision biopsy showed metastatic RCC. RCC can present with synchronous metastatic deposits in the various organs...
January 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208865/adult-neuroblastoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Vishwapriya Mahadev Godkhindi, Maheboob M Basade, Kamran Khan, Kiran Thorat
Neuroblastoma is the most common solid malignant neoplasm in the paediatric age group; accounting for 7% of all childhood malignancies, but neuroblastoma in adult, is a rare occurrence, finding mention in aeons of medical literature with an overall incidence of 1 in 10 million adults/year. We report the case of a 24-year-old male patient presenting with the complaints of progressive abdominal distention of 2 months duration. Multiple Detector Computed Tomography (MD-CT) of abdomen revealed a huge enhancing mass in the retroperitoneum abutting the left kidney, and a subsequent CT-guided biopsy and immunohistochemistry confirmed the diagnosis of ganglioneuroblastoma...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206916/acute-sigmoid-diverticulitis-presenting-as-necrotizing-fasciitis-of-the-thigh-and-retroperitoneum
#6
Nathan Eric Smith, Mark McKenney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193096/dedifferentiated-liposarcoma-of-the-retroperitoneum-with-heterologous-osteosarcomatous-differentiation-and-a-striking-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-like-morphology
#7
Carole Van Haverbeke, Jo Van Dorpe, Evelyne Lecoutere, Uta Flucke, Liesbeth Ferdinande, David Creytens
A 69-year-old woman with a 10-year medical history of recurrent retroperitoneal dedifferentiated liposarcoma presented with a 3-cm large hemorrhagic and multicystic left-sided retroperitoneal mass. Histopathological examination of the resected specimen showed a heterogeneous, high-grade mesenchymal nonlipogenic tumor with areas of osteoblastic/osteosarcomatous differentiation and aneurysmal bone cyst-like features. Based on the clinical presentation, the morphology, and the supportive immunohistochemical and molecular findings (MDM2 overexpression and amplification of the MDM2 gene, respectively), a diagnosis of a dedifferentiated liposarcoma with heterologous osteosarcomatous differentiation and an aneurysmal bone cyst-like morphology was made...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192874/lateral-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-transposition-renaissance-of-an-old-concept-in-the-light-of-new-anatomy
#8
Amgad Hanna
INTRODUCTION: Meralgia paresthetica causes pain in the anterolateral thigh. Most surgical procedures involve nerve transection or decompression. We conducted a cadaveric study to determine the feasibility of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) transposition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In three cadavers, the LFCN was exposed in the thigh and retroperitoneum. The two layers of the LFCN canal superficial and deep to the nerve were opened. The nerve was then mobilized medially away from the ASIS, by cutting the septum medial to sartorius...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188947/retroperitoneal-necrotizing-soft-tissue-infection-in-a-healthy-adult-masquerading-as-acute-pancreatitis
#9
Nitin Agarwal, Mohammad Shazib Faridi, Pradeep Saini, Navneet Kaur, Arun Gupta
Necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) are polymicrobial infections with high morbidity and mortality. We report a case of retroperitoneal NSTI in an immunocompetent young male, with clinical symptoms and signs mimicking acute pancreatitis (pseudo-Cullen's and pseudo-Grey-Turner's signs. The initiating lesion was a pustule which progressed and mimics acute pancreatitis. CT scan showed features of retroperitoneal NSTI. After extensive debridement and antibiotics, the patient improved. NSTI of the retroperitoneum is rare...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180018/case-report-of-four-different-primary-mesenteric-neoplasms-and-review-of-literature
#10
Yusuf Yagmur, Sami Akbulut, Serdar Gumus, Mehmet Babur, Mehmet Ali Can
INTRODUCTION: It is rare for primary tumors to arise from the mesentery. Lymphangiomas appear as congenital malformations of the lymphatic system or benign neoplasms as a large, thin-walled, often multilocular cyst. Mesenteric infiltration is common and during surgical treatment, adjustment of structures such as the bowel and resection of the spleen may be required. Cystic mesotheliomas are rare, benign tumors that originate from the peritoneal mesothelium and are more common in women...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170116/anorexia-nervosa-with-massive-pulmonary-air-leak-and-extraordinary-propagation
#11
V M Jensen, R K Støving, P E Andersen
A rare case combining pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, pneumopericardium, pneumoperitoneum, pneumorrhachis, air in retroperitoneum and extensive subcutaneous emphysema simultaneously in a severely anorectic male with BMI 9.2 (22.8 kg) and multiple vomitings is presented. This unusual condition was treated successfully with conservative medical approach in a specialized somatic unit for anorexia nervosa.
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169142/the-american-college-of-radiology-incidental-findings-committee-recommendations-for-management-of-incidental-lymph-nodes-a-single-center-evaluation
#12
Paul Smereka, Ankur M Doshi, Justin M Ream, Andrew B Rosenkrantz
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the American College of Radiology Incidental Findings Committee's (ACR-IFC) recommendations for defining and following up abnormal incidental abdominopelvic lymph nodes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 59 lymph nodes satisfying ACR-IFC criteria as incidental (no malignancy or lymphoproliferative disorder) and with sufficient follow-up to classify as benign (biopsy, decreased size, ≥12-month stability) or malignant (biopsy, detection of primary malignancy combined with either fluorodeoxyglucose hyperactivity or increase in size of the node) were included...
February 3, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152270/challenge-of-fna-diagnosis-of-angiomyolipoma-a-study-of-33-cases
#13
Haijun Zhou, Ming Guo, Yun Gong
BACKGROUND: Angiomyolipoma (AML), typically composed of smooth muscle, vessels, and fat, is generally a benign tumor in the kidneys. However, it occasionally occurs in extrarenal sites and behaves like a malignant tumor. AML is uncommonly encountered in fine-needle aspiration (FNA) samples and can cause diagnostic difficulty. METHODS: We searched our pathology database for FNA cases diagnosed between 2003 and 2015 that were subsequently confirmed to be AML in the same lesion by surgical pathologic evaluation...
February 2, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149747/an-unusual-thoracic-localizations-of-erdheim-chester-disease-a-case-report
#14
C Massaccesi, S Colella, F Fioretti, V D'Emilio, G Panella, G Primomo, F Barbisan, R Pela, V Poletti
Erdheim- Chester disease is a rare non- Langerhans cell histiocytosis that usually involves the bones, heart, central nervous system, retroperitoneum, eyes, kidneys, skin and adrenals. Lungs are affected in up to one-half cases; at CT scan various patterns are described: interstitial disease, consolidations, micronodules and microcysts, with or without pleural involvement. We presented a case of a 59 year-old man with unusual intrathoracic manifestation of Erdheim- Chester disease. Singularities of our report are the lonely thoracic involvement at the onset of the disease and a histiocytic lesion in the posterior mediastinum...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134406/-the-ormond-s-disease-an-intriguing-obstructive-nephrouropathy
#15
Rocco Manganelli, Serena Manganelli, Salvatore Iannaccone, Walter De Simone
Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis also known as Ormonds disease is a rare disorder characterized by the development of fibrotic tissue in the retroperitoneum involving the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries, ureters and the inferior vena cava. The aberrant tissue may compress ureters leading to obstructive nephrouropathy and renal failure, which are the most common clinical manifestations of this condition. The nephrologist is often consulted to make differential diagnosis for acute renal failure and obstructive uropathy...
November 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133257/-a-case-of-intussusception-caused-by-descending-colon-cancer
#16
Shinnosuke Hotta, Hitoshi Kameyama, Kenji Sato, Manabu Oyamatsu, Yoshifumi Hashimoto, Yu Sato, Takawa Iwaki, Yoshifumi Shimada, Jun Sakata, Takashi Kobayashi, Toshifumi Wakai
A46 -year-old male presented with bloody stool and a descending colon tumor, as identified using colon fiberscopy. The patient did not complain of any remarkable abdominal symptoms. Computed tomography revealed descending colon tumor intussusception. We performed partial resection of the descending colon and D2 lymphadenectomy without intraoperative reduction. The descending colon was barely attached to the retroperitoneum and was mobile. The underlying tumor was type 1 and measured 8.3×5.8 cm. The pathology report indicated a mucinous adenocarcinoma with extension through the submucosa into the subserosa, and metastasis in 6 nearby lymph nodes(n2)...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133252/-a-case-of-locally-far-advanced-colon-cancer-resected-by-laparoscopic-surgery-after-colonic-stent-insertion-and-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#17
Yasushi Ishii, Yosuke Hirano, Taro Munechika, Keita Tanaka, Yoshihiro Yonemitsu, Masako Nomi, Ryosuke Shibata, Tatsuya Okamoto, Hiroshi Maeno, Jun Yanagisawa, Shunji Kawamoto, Tomoaki Noritomi
We report a case of locally far-advanced colon cancer resected by laparoscopic surgery after colonic stent insertion and neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A 71-year-old man with obstructive symptoms was admitted to our hospital in July 2015. CT revealed a sigmoid colon tumor infiltrating the retroperitoneum and small intestine. Lower gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a sigmoid colon cancer. Self-expandable metallic stent insertion for obstructive colon cancer alleviated the patient's symptoms quickly. Four courses of neoadjuvant chemotherapy(XELOX)reduced the primary tumor in size, allowing for laparoscopic surgical resection...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133238/-a-case-of-myxofibrosarcoma-of-the-retroperitoneum
#18
Masashi Inoue, Megumi Yamaguchi, Yuki Kohada, Moon Jeongho, Nobutaka Hatanaka, Singo Seo, Toshihiro Misumi, Wataru Shimizu, Toshimitsu Irei, Takahisa Suzuki, Takashi Onoe, Takeshi Sudo, Yosuke Shimizu, Takao Hinoi, Hirotaka Tashiro
Myxofibrosarcoma(MFS)is one of the most common sarcomas in the extremities of elderly patients.We report a rare case of MFS originating in the retroperitoneum.A 65-year-old man presented to our hospital with an intraabdominal tumor, which was identified by abdominal CT during an investigation of an abdominal protuberance.Contrast -enhanced CT and MRI revealed a 18×12 cm mass in the left retroperitoneum.The patient underwent retroperitoneum tumor resection.Operative findings showed that there was an indistinct area between the left side of the tumor and the abdominal wall...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133145/-a-case-of-retroperitoneal-recurrence-and-left-kidney-metastasis-occurring-four-years-after-laparoscopy-assisted-surgery-for-sigmoid-colon-cancer
#19
Makoto Aoki, Tetsuji Hayashi, Hiroyuki Fukunari, Yudai Yamamoto, Keisuke Nakao, Kenji Shitara, Yoichi Ajioka
A 67-year old woman underwent laparoscopy-assisted high anterior resection for sigmoid colon cancer. A histopathological examination revealed no lymph node metastasis, but extramural cancer deposits were present. Four years later, enhanced computed tomography revealed recurrence in the retroperitoneum and metastasis to the left kidney. A left nephrectomy and left hemicolectomy were performed. A year after the second operation, computed tomography revealed metastasis to the lung. Histopathological reexamination for extra-lymph nodal spread after the first operation revealed venous involvement...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133138/-case-of-laparoscopic-sigmoidectomy-for-a-patient-with-persistent-descending-mesocolon
#20
Shu Arai, Yoji Nishimura, Shinsuke Kazama, Yusuke Nishizawa, Hideki Ishikawa, Yoshihiro Mori, Takashi Takenoya, Michitoshi Takano
A 65-year-old man with bloody stools was diagnosed with sigmoid colon cancer on colonoscopy. A preoperative barium enema and a computed tomography colonography scan showed a medial displacement of his descending colon. The preoperative clinical diagnosis was stage cT1 colon cancer, N0, M0, cStage I . Laparoscopic sigmoidectomy was performed. We found adhesions between the descending colon mesentery and the pelvic wall, and noted that the descending colon was not fused with the retroperitoneum and was shifted to the midline...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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