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Bone marrow injection complications

E Sian Pincott, Deborah Ridout, Margaret Brocklesby, Angus McEwan, Vivek Muthurangu, Michael Burch
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow mononuclear cell fraction has been used as therapy for dilated cardiomyopathy in adults. Although case series are reported, there are no randomized controlled studies in children. METHODS: We designed a randomized, crossover, controlled pilot study to determine safety and feasibility of intracoronary stem cell therapy in children. The primary safety end-point was freedom from death and transplantation or any complication that could be considered related to bone marrow injection or anesthesia (e...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Rodrigo Mardones, Alessio Giai Via, Claudio Jofré, José Minguell, Claudio Rodriguez, Alexander Tomic, Matias Salineros
BACKGROUND: Chondral injuries are commonly related to poor clinical outcome, but recent data showed some improvements in function and pain after hip arthroscopy. Cell-based therapies represent an appealing alternative strategy for cartilage regeneration, and interesting results have been recently reported after intra-articular injections of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The results of hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and intra-articular injections of autologous expanded bone marrow - MSCs (BM-MSCs) are reported in this retrospective study...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Yongquan Gu, Lianrui Guo, Jianming Guo, Alan Dardik, Shuwen Zhang, Zhu Tong, Jian Zhang, Zhonghao Wang
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell (BM-MNC) transplantation in the treatment of lower limb ischemia is becoming established, although common treatment protocols are not yet agreed upon. We hypothesized that bone marrow mobilization with Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor (G-CSF) improves the safety and effectiveness of cellular therapy. METHODS: 44 patients were randomly assigned to receive two injections of G-CSF (300 μg) prior to BM-MNC transplantation...
December 13, 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Jeffrey N Weiss, Steven Levy, Susan C Benes
The Stem Cell Ophthalmology Treatment Study (SCOTS) is currently the largest-scale stem cell ophthalmology trial registered at (identifier: NCT01920867). SCOTS utilizes autologous bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs) to treat optic nerve and retinal diseases. Treatment approaches include a combination of retrobulbar, subtenon, intravitreal, intra-optic nerve, subretinal, and intravenous injection of autologous BMSCs according to the nature of the disease, the degree of visual loss, and any risk factors related to the treatments...
October 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
Hang Xiang, Xiaomei Zhang, Chao Yang, Wenhuan Xu, Xin Ge, Rong Zhang, Ya Qiu, Wanjun Sun, Fan Li, Tianyuan Xiang, Haixu Chen, Zheng Wang, Qiang Zeng
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease with continuous or recurrent symptoms. A 42-year-old male patient with intermittent diarrhea accompanied by bloody mucopurulent stools was admitted to our hospital. The diagnosis of UC was confirmed by a combination of laboratory examination, colonoscopy, and histological assay. The patient developed herpes zoster in the hospital, which challenged traditional treatments. Therefore, we performed an autologous bone marrow cells to modulate the immune system with his permission...
November 28, 2016: Frontiers of Medicine
Shiau-Tsz Su, Chiu-Li Yeh, Yu-Chen Hou, Man-Hui Pai, Sung-Ling Yeh
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder with increased risk of vascular diseases. Tissue ischemia may occur with diabetic vascular complications. Bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) constitute a reparative response to ischemic injury. This study investigated the effects of oral glutamine (GLN) supplementation on circulating EPC mobilization and expression of tissue EPC-releasing markers in diabetic mice subjected to limb ischemia. Diabetes was induced by a daily intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin for 5 days...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Nicolas Noiseux, Samer Mansour, Richard Weisel, Louis-Mathieu Stevens, Shant Der Sarkissian, Katherine Tsang, Andrew M Crean, Eric Larose, Shu-Hong Li, Bernd Wintersperger, Minh Quan Vu, Ignacio Prieto, Ren-Ke Li, Denis Claude Roy, Terrence M Yau
OBJECTIVES: The IMPACT-CABG trial is the first North American multicenter phase II randomized study of intramyocardial delivery of autologous CD133(+) stem cells in patients with chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. The primary objective was to demonstrate safety, including freedom from major adverse cardiac events. The secondary objective was to evaluate feasibility of same-day autologous cell preparation. Although the trial was not powered to evaluate LV function, exploratory data were collected...
August 13, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Ge Ma, Jin-Long Zhao, Ming Mao, Jie Chen, Zhi-Wei Dong, Yan-Pu Liu
PURPOSE: Stem cell therapy is becoming a potent strategy to shorten the consolidation time and reduce potential complications during distraction osteogenesis (DO). However, the conventional local injection or scaffold-based delivery of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) suspension deprives the cells of their endogenous extracellular matrix, which might dampen cell differentiation and tissue regeneration after implantation. Therefore, in our study, a BMSC sheet was established and was then minced into fragments and loaded onto a hydroxyapatite (HA) scaffold for grafting...
January 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
R Okawa, O Iijima, M Kishino, H Okawa, S Toyosawa, H Sugano-Tajima, T Shimada, T Okada, K Ozono, T Ooshima, K Nakano
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Hypophosphatasia is a rare inherited skeletal disorder characterized by defective bone mineralization and deficiency of tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) activity. The disease is caused by mutations in the liver/bone/kidney alkaline phosphatase gene (ALPL) encoding TNSALP. Early exfoliation of primary teeth owing to disturbed cementum formation, periodontal ligament weakness and alveolar bone resorption are major complications encountered in oral findings, and discovery of early loss of primary teeth in a dental examination often leads to early diagnosis of hypophosphatasia...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
Kai Zhao, Suhong Ruan, Yu Tian, Dongmei Zhao, Chong Chen, Bin Pan, Zhiling Yan, Lingling Yin, Shengyun Zhu, Kailin Xu
Graft versus host disease (GVHD) is a life threatening complication of bone marrow stem cell transplantation, in which considerable numbers of proinflammatory cytokines secreted by allo-reactive donor T cells are involved. We and other previous studies have found that interleukin-22 (IL-22) was able to aggravate the target organs damage of GVHD. However, the mechanism and the signal pathway of IL-22 in murine acute GVHD was not clear. Here, we observed that compared with GVHD group, more serious pathological damage and more CD3(+) T cells infiltrated in GVHD target organs were detected in the mice injected with IL-22...
October 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Filippo Griselli, Cristiano Calvagna, Giada Sgorlon, Francesca Zamolo, Mario D'Oria, Stefano Chiarandini, Roberto Adovasio
We report the unusual case of a pseudoaneurysm of the superior gluteal artery (SGA) as a complication of a bone marrow biopsy. A 75-year-old man presented with pain and swelling of the left buttock 1 month after a bone marrow biopsy of the left iliac crest. The patient was treated by percutaneous ultrasound-guided thrombin injection (UGTI). The procedure was successful without any complication and the patient was discharged at home the same day. Follow-up at 3 months after the procedure confirmed the complete thrombosis of the pseudoaneurysm sac...
January 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Louise Saul, Dario Besusso, Richard J Mellanby
The pathogenesis of human autoimmune disorders is incompletely understood. This has led to the development of numerous murine models in which the pathogenesis of autoimmunity can be probed and the efficacy of novel therapies can be tested. One of the most widely-used murine models of autoimmunity is experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). To induce autoimmune pathology, mice are often immunized with an autoantigen alongside an adjuvant, typically complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). Unfortunately, CFA causes significant inflammation at the site of administration...
August 3, 2016: Laboratory Animals
Kenneth K Hansraj
INTRODUCTION: Spine surgeons are embracing advanced biologic technologies in an attempt to help millions of people achieve a better outcome in spine surgery. These new technologies may be complicated to understand, partly because the contribution of different types of cells has not been definitively identified. This paper describes the characteristics of the stem cells used in spine surgery, including their actions and possible complications. The description necessitates an overview of all studies to date on the use of stem cells in spine surgery, as well as other cells used in cellular therapy...
July 29, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Rong Wang, Lin Zhang, Yao Wang, Zhiyun Gong, Cangsong Xiao, Yang Wu, Chonglei Ren, Nan Cheng, Changqing Gao
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether intra-myocardial injection of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (aBMMNCs) into peri-scarred myocardium during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) improved the long-term outcome compared with CABG alone. METHODS: From April 2011 to December 2012, 33 patients with chronic ischemic heart failure were randomly assigned to undergo CABG (control group) or CABG combined with intra-myocardial injection of aBMMNCs (treatment group)...
2016: Heart Surgery Forum
Jia-Wen Yu, Ya-Ping Deng, Xue Han, Guo-Fei Ren, Jian Cai, Guo-Jun Jiang
BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction has been suggested as a possible causal link between hyperglycemia and microvascular complications in diabetes mellitus. The effect of metformin on endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) is still unclear. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that metformin could accelerate wound healing by improving the impaired EPC functions in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. METHODS: Streptozotocin (STZ, 60 mg/kg/d × 5 d, i.p.) was injected to induce type 1 diabetes in male C57BL/6 mice...
June 18, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
James M Dominguez, Ping Hu, Sergio Caballero, Leni Moldovan, Amrisha Verma, Gavin Y Oudit, Qiuhong Li, Maria B Grant
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-2 is the primary enzyme of the vasoprotective axis of the renin angiotensin system that regulates the classic renin angiotensin system axis. We aimed to determine whether local retinal overexpression of adenoassociated virus (AAV)-ACE2 prevents or reverses diabetic retinopathy. Green fluorescent protein (GFP)-chimeric mice were generated to distinguish resident (retinal) from infiltrating bone marrow-derived inflammatory cells and were made diabetic using streptozotocin injections...
June 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Van Tuan Nguyen, Dany Nassar, Fréderic Batteux, Karine Raymond, Pierre-Louis Tharaux, Sélim Aractingi
Leg ulcers are a major complication of sickle cell disease that occur in 2.5-40% of patients. Leg ulcers are responsible for frequent complications because they are often long-lasting and are highly resistant to therapy. Although their occurrence is associated with hyperhemolysis, the mechanisms underlying sickle cell ulcers remain poorly understood. In this study, we show that skin wound healing is severely altered in old SAD sickle cell mice but is normal in young animals, consistent with reports in humans...
February 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
C Love, C J Palestro
Osteomyelitis is a broad group of infectious diseases that involve the bone and/or bone marrow. It can arise haematogenously, via extension from a contiguous infection, or by direct inoculation during surgery or trauma. The diagnosis is not always obvious and imaging tests are frequently performed as part of the diagnostic work-up. Commonly performed radionuclide tests include technetium-99m ((99m)Tc)-diphosphonate bone scintigraphy (bone), and gallium-67 ((67)Ga) and in vitro labelled leukocyte (white blood cell; WBC) imaging...
July 2016: Clinical Radiology
Massoud Vosough, Shirin Moossavi, Soura Mardpour, Shahram Akhlaghpoor, Vajiheh Azimian, Neda Jarughi, Seyedeh-Esmat Hosseini, Mandana Ashrafi, Sepideh Nikfam, Nasser Aghdami, Reza Malekzadeh, Mehdi Mohamadnejad, Hossein Baharvand
BACKGROUND: Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in combination with pioglitazone, an agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), can reduce liver fibrosis in models of liver injury. In this study, we conducted a pilot study of intraportal infusion of autologous MSCs in combination with pioglitazone to assess safety, feasibility, and effectiveness in patients with compensated cirrhosis. METHODS: Two patients with compensated cirrhosis were enrolled in this study...
February 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Harshini Chakravarthy, Eleni Beli, Svetlana Navitskaya, Sandra O'Reilly, Qi Wang, Nermin Kady, Chao Huang, Maria B Grant, Julia V Busik
Diabetic retinopathy is a sight-threatening complication of diabetes, affecting 65% of patients after 10 years of the disease. Diabetic metabolic insult leads to chronic low-grade inflammation, retinal endothelial cell loss and inadequate vascular repair. This is partly due to bone marrow (BM) pathology leading to increased activity of BM-derived pro-inflammatory monocytes and impaired function of BM-derived reparative circulating angiogenic cells (CACs). We propose that diabetes has a significant long-term effect on the nature and proportion of BM-derived cells that circulate in the blood, localize to the retina and home back to their BM niche...
2016: PloS One
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