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Bjørn Hagen, Marit Valla, Guro Aune, Merethe Ravlo, Anne Britt Abusland, Elisabeth Araya, Marit Sundset, Solveig Tingulstad
OBJECTIVE: A sentinel lymph node (SLN) strategy may have particular value in endometrial cancer (EC) because a therapeutic effect of lymphadenectomy per se is unproven. The aim was to evaluate indocyanine green (ICG) and near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence mapping using a surgical algorithm. METHODS: From November 2012 through December 2015, women with apparently early stage EC underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy including ICG fluorescence SLN mapping following the Memorial Sloane Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) surgical algorithm...
October 21, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Xing Zhou Qu, Ming Yi Wang, Hui Shan Ong, Chen Ping Zhang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the stability of prostheses supported by zygoma implants and remaining teeth for subjects who had undergone hemi-maxillectomy. METHODS: Ten patients were included in the study. Oral rehabilitation was performed using a temporary prosthesis that was supported by remaining teeth for the first three months. Then, a zygoma implant was placed to provide support for a final prosthesis in addition to the remaining teeth. Each prosthesis was tailor-made according to biomechanical three-dimensional finite element analysis results...
October 1, 2016: Clinics
Ciyu Yang, Angela G Arnold, Magan Trottier, Yukio Sonoda, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Oliver Zivanovic, Mark E Robson, Zsofia K Stadler, Michael F Walsh, David M Hyman, Kenneth Offit, Liying Zhang
PURPOSE: Mutations in PALB2 have been associated with a predisposition to breast and pancreatic cancers. This study aims to characterize a novel PALB2 exon 13 duplication in a hereditary breast and ovarian cancer family. METHODS: The PALB2 exon 13 duplication in this family was evaluated using Memorial Sloan Kettering-Integrated Mutation Profiling of Actionable Cancer Targets (MSK-IMPACT™) and confirmed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA)...
October 18, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Terence A Ketter, Suresh Durgam, Ronald Landbloom, Mary Mackle, Xiao Wu, Maju Mathews
BACKGROUND: Asenapine (ASN) is approved in the United States as monotherapy and adjunctive therapy (to lithium or valproate) in adults with bipolar mania, and as monotherapy in pediatric patients with bipolar mania. This is the first long-term study evaluating safety and tolerability of ASN fixed doses in this population. METHODS: After completing a 3-week, randomized, placebo (PBO)-controlled acute trial, patients could enroll in this 26-week, fixed-dose (5 or 10mg twice daily), double-blind extension study...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Desiree Deandreis, Carole Rubino, Hernan Tala, Sophie Leboulleux, Marie Terroir, Eric Baudin, Steve Larson, James A Fagin, Martin Schlumberger, Michael R Tuttle
: The optimal management of radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment in patients with metastatic thyroid cancer (TC) is still a matter of debate. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 352 patients with RAI avid metastatic well differentiated TC treated with (131)I by empiric fixed activity of 3.7 GBq at Gustave Roussy (GR, n = 231) or by personalized activity (2.8 to 18.6 GBq) based on whole body/blood clearance dosimetry (WB/BC) at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC, n = 121)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Marina J Corines, Jada G Hamilton, Emily Glogowski, Chris A Anrig, Rachael Goldberg, Kate Niehaus, Erin Salo-Mullen, Megan Harlan, Margaret R Sheehan, Magan Trottier, Asad Ahsraf, Christina Tran, Lauren Jacobs, Rohini Rau-Murthy, Anne G Lincoln, Mark E Robson, Jose G Guillem, Arnold J Markowitz, Kenneth Offit, Zsofia K Stadler
Few reports of educational and counseling support resources exist for Lynch syndrome (LS), a disorder requiring multi-organ cancer screening and specialized medical care throughout adult life. Here we describe the development and efficacy of two resources designed to address this need, the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Clinical Genetics Service annual Lynch Syndrome Educational Workshop (LSEW), and a quarterly Lynch Syndrome Patient Advocacy Network (LSPAN) support group. The LSEW and LSPAN were implemented beginning in 2012...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Pavlo Bohutskyi, Steven Chow, Ben Ketter, Coral Fung Shek, Dean Yacar, Yuting Tang, Mark Zivojnovich, Michael J Betenbaugh, Edward J Bouwer
An integrated system was implemented for water phytoremediation and biofuel production through sequential cultivation of filamentous algae followed by cultivation of lipid-producing microalgae Chlorella sorokiniana. Natural poly-culture of filamentous algae was grown in agricultural stormwater using the Algal Turf Scrubber®, harvested and subjected for lipid extraction and/or methane production using anaerobic digestion (AD). While filamentous algae lipid content was too low for feasible biodiesel production (<2%), both whole biomass and lipid-extracted algal residues (LEA) yielded ∼0...
October 5, 2016: Bioresource Technology
Ahmed Qannam, Ibrahim O Bello
CONTEXT: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is the most common salivary gland malignancy and its grading is greatly consequential in the management and prognosis of patients with the disease. AIMS: To compare histologic grading systems in MEC of minor salivary glands. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Two qualitative (modified Healy and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center [MSKCC] methods) and two quantitative (Armed Forces Institute of Pathology [AFIP] and Brandwein methods) were evaluated...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
S Pucciarelli, F Giandomenico, A De Paoli, T Gavaruzzi, L Lotto, G Mantello, C Barba, P Zotti, S Flora, P Del Bianco
BACKGROUND: Local excision for rectal cancer is expected to offer a better functional outcome than conventional surgery. The aim of the present study was to compare quality of life and bowel function in patients with rectal cancer who underwent either local excision or conventional surgery after chemoradiotherapy. METHODS: This was a retrospective multicentre study. Patients who underwent local excision were compared with those who had mesorectal excision. Quality of life and bowel function were investigated using validated questionnaires (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30, EORTC QLQ-CR29 and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center Bowel Function Instrument) at a median follow-up of 49 (range 13-95) months...
October 5, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Gin S Malhi, Yulisha Byrow, Frederick Cassidy, Andrea Cipriani, Koen Demyttenaere, Mark A Frye, Michael Gitlin, Sidney H Kennedy, Terence A Ketter, Raymond W Lam, Rupert McShane, Alex J Mitchell, Michael J Ostacher, Sakina J Rizvi, Michael E Thase, Mauricio Tohen
SUMMARY: The appeal of ketamine - in promptly ameliorating depressive symptoms even in those with non-response - has led to a dramatic increase in its off-label use. Initial promising results await robust corroboration and key questions remain, particularly concerning its long-term administration. It is, therefore, timely to review the opinions of mood disorder experts worldwide pertaining to ketamine's potential as an option for treating depression and provide a synthesis of perspectives - derived from evidence and clinical experience - and to consider strategies for future investigations...
May 2016: BJPsych Open
Neeta Pandit-Taskar, Darren R Veach, Josef J Fox, Howard I Scher, Michael J Morris, Steven M Larson
Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is the lethal form of prostate cancer, and more than 26,000 men will die from this disease in 2016. The pathophysiology of CRPC is clearly multifactorial, but most often, androgen receptor (AR) upregulation is associated with its earliest beginnings and the AR increase is part of the multimolecular complex including downstream effector proteins linked to AR (AR-axis) responsible for rapid proliferation and malignant features of the malignant cell. In both animal models and patients, glycolysis (Warburg effect) is also an early manifestation of CRPC transformation...
October 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Michèle Voegeli, Stephanie Rondeau, Simona Berardi Vilei, Erika Lerch, Luciano Wannesson, Thomas Pabst, Jochen Rentschler, Mario Bargetzi, Lorenz Jost, Nicolas Ketterer, Angelika Bischof Delaloye, Michele Ghielmini
Standard conditioning regimens for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) are often not tolerated by elderly patients, on one hand. Single high-dose melphalan, on the other hand, has been shown to be safe and active as a pretransplant preparative regimen in elderly patients. Y(90) -Ibritumomab tiuxetan (Y(90) -IT) is well tolerated and feasible in the transplantation setting. We therefore investigated the combination of high-dose melphalan and Y(90) -IT as a conditioning regimen for patients ≥65 years of age...
September 28, 2016: Hematological Oncology
Macarena I de la Fuente, Aya Haggiagi, Adrienne Moul, Robert J Young, Charif Sidani, Arnold Markoe, Francisco Vega, Lisa M DeAngelis, Izidore S Lossos
Dural lymphoma (DL) is a rare type of primary CNS lymphoma arising from the dura mater. The optimal treatment is uncertain. A retrospective review was performed on 26 DL patients. Seventeen patients underwent resection and nine had a biopsy. Twenty three patients could be assessed for a response to treatment after surgery. Thirteen received focal radiotherapy (RT), six whole brain RT (WBRT), three chemotherapy alone and one chemotherapy followed by WBRT. Twenty two achieved complete response (CR) and one a partial response (PR)...
September 21, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Jarushka Naidoo, Xuan Wang, Kaitlin M Woo, Tunc Iyriboz, Darragh Halpenny, Jane Cunningham, Jamie E Chaft, Neil H Segal, Margaret K Callahan, Alexander M Lesokhin, Jonathan Rosenberg, Martin Voss, Charles M Rudin, Hira Rizvi, Xue Hou, Katherine Rodriguez, Melanie Albano, Ruth-Ann Gordon, Charles Leduc, Natasha Rekhtman, Bianca Harris, Alexander M Menzies, Alexander D Guminski, Matteo S Carlino, Benjamin Y Kong, Jedd D Wolchok, Michael A Postow, Georgina V Long, Matthew D Hellmann
PURPOSE: Pneumonitis is an uncommon but potentially fatal toxicity of anti-programmed death-1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). Clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features are poorly described. METHODS: Patients who received anti-PD-1/PD-L1 monotherapy or in combination with anti-cytotoxic T-cell lymphocyte-4 mAb were identified at two institutions (Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center: advanced solid cancers, 2009 to 2014, and Melanoma Institute of Australia: melanomas only, 2013 to 2015)...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Avishay Sella, M Dror Michaelson, Ewa Matczak, Ronit Simantov, Xun Lin, Robert A Figlin
BACKGROUND: The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium (IMDC) models categorize patients with 1 or 2 risk factors as intermediate prognosis (INTMP). This category encompasses 15 and 19 permutations of the MSKCC and IMDC risk factors, respectively. The purpose of the present retrospective analysis of data from INTMP patients in 6 clinical trials was to determine whether this heterogeneity influences the response to sunitinib...
August 18, 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
Laetitia Borsu, Julie Intrieri, Linta Thampi, Helena Yu, Gregory Riely, Khedoudja Nafa, Raghu Chandramohan, Marc Ladanyi, Maria E Arcila
Although next-generation sequencing (NGS) is a robust technology for comprehensive assessment of EGFR mutant lung adenocarcinomas (LADs) with acquired resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors, it may not provide sufficiently rapid and sensitive detection of the EGFR T790M mutation, the most clinically relevant resistance biomarker. Here, we describe a digital PCR (dPCR) assay for rapid T790M detection on aliquots of NGS libraries prepared for comprehensive profiling, fully maximizing broad genomic analysis on limited samples...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
Troy Z Horvat, Joshua J Pecoraro, Ryan J Daley, Larry W Buie, Amber C King, Raajit K Rampal, Martin S Tallman, Jae H Park, Dan Douer
Asparaginase administration has become a crucial component of front-line pediatric and pediatric-insipired multi-agent regimens for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the safety and feasibility of switching to Erwinia asparaginase after pegaspargase intolerance in adult ALL patients treated at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Our analysis included 10 patients, with a median age of 39 years (range 20-72), male predominance (90%), and a typical B-cell to T-cell ratio (70:30%) for ALL...
August 26, 2016: Leukemia Research
Euphemia W Mu, Jesse M Lewin, Mary L Stevenson, Shane A Meehan, John A Carucci, Daniel S Gareau
Importance: Confocal microscopy has the potential to provide rapid bedside pathologic analysis, but clinical adoption has been limited in part by the need for physician retraining to interpret grayscale images. Digitally stained confocal mosaics (DSCMs) mimic the colors of routine histologic specimens and may increase adaptability of this technology. Objective: To evaluate the accuracy and precision of 3 physicians using DSCMs before and after training to detect basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in Mohs micrographic surgery fresh-tissue specimens...
September 7, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Junya Furukawa, Hideaki Miyake, Masato Fujisawa
The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of the Hedgehog signaling pathway in the progression of metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (m-ccRCC) as well as the molecular targets of sunitinib, an inhibitor of multiple tyrosine kinases. A total of 39 patients subjected to radical nephrectomy who were diagnosed with m-ccRCC and were subsequently treated with sunitinib were enrolled in the present study. The expression levels of the Hedgehog signaling proteins (GLI1, GLI2, cyclin D1, cyclin E and transforming growth factor-β) and major molecular targets of sunitinib [vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-1 and -2, and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-α and -β] in primary RCC specimens were assessed by immunohistochemical staining...
September 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Whi-An Kwon, Sohee Kim, Sung Han Kim, Jae Young Joung, Ho Kyung Seo, Kang Hyun Lee, Jinsoo Chung
BACKGROUND: In the present study we examined the effect of the Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI) on the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) treated with targeted therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 125 patients with metastatic RCC. Pretreatment PNI was calculated as 10 × serum albumin (g/dL) + 0.005 × total lymphocyte count (per mm(3)). Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the correlation between pretreatment PNI and OS and PFS...
August 8, 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
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