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Andrew Bottomley, Madeline Pe, Jeff Sloan, Ethan Basch, Franck Bonnetain, Melanie Calvert, Alicyn Campbell, Charles Cleeland, Kim Cocks, Laurence Collette, Amylou C Dueck, Nancy Devlin, Hans-Henning Flechtner, Carolyn Gotay, Eva Greimel, Ingolf Griebsch, Mogens Groenvold, Jean-Francois Hamel, Madeleine King, Paul G Kluetz, Michael Koller, Daniel C Malone, Francesca Martinelli, Sandra A Mitchell, Carol M Moinpour, Jammbe Musoro, Daniel O'Connor, Kathy Oliver, Elisabeth Piault-Louis, Martine Piccart, Francisco L Pimentel, Chantal Quinten, Jaap C Reijneveld, Christoph Schürmann, Ashley Wilder Smith, Katherine M Soltys, Martin J B Taphoorn, Galina Velikova, Corneel Coens
Measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and other patient-reported outcomes generate important data in cancer randomised trials to assist in assessing the risks and benefits of cancer therapies and fostering patient-centred cancer care. However, the various ways these measures are analysed and interpreted make it difficult to compare results across trials, and hinders the application of research findings to inform publications, product labelling, clinical guidelines, and health policy. To address these problems, the Setting International Standards in Analyzing Patient-Reported Outcomes and Quality of Life Endpoints Data (SISAQOL) initiative has been established...
October 18, 2016: Lancet Oncology
Katharina Grundler, Raffaela Rotter, Sloane Tilley, Joachim Pircher, Thomas Czermak, Mustaf Yakac, Erik Gaitzsch, Steffen Massberg, Florian Krötz, Hae-Young Sohn, Ulrich Pohl, Hanna Mannell, Bjoern F Kraemer
INTRODUCTION: Platelets possess critical hemostatic functions in the system of thrombosis and hemostasis, which can be affected by a multitude of external factors. Previous research has shown that platelets have the capacity to synthesize proteins de novo and more recently a multicatalytic protein complex, the proteasome, has been discovered in platelets. Due to its vital function for cellular integrity, the proteasome has become a therapeutic target for anti-proliferative drug therapies in cancer...
October 13, 2016: Thrombosis Research
Rachel Hirschey, Isaac Lipkus, Lee Jones, Christopher Mantyh, Richard Sloane, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test effects of gain-framed versus loss-framed mailed brochures on increasing physical activity (PA) among colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors.
. DESIGN: Randomized trial with repeated measures at baseline, 1 month, and 12 months postintervention.
. SETTING: Mail recruitment from tumor registries.
. SAMPLE: 148 inactive CRC survivors who had completed primary therapy. 
. METHODS: PA and constructs from the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) were assessed at baseline, 1 month, and 12 months...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
Stephen F Poropat, Philip D Mannion, Paul Upchurch, Scott A Hocknull, Benjamin P Kear, Martin Kundrát, Travis R Tischler, Trish Sloan, George H K Sinapius, Judy A Elliott, David A Elliott
Australian dinosaurs have played a rare but controversial role in the debate surrounding the effect of Gondwanan break-up on Cretaceous dinosaur distribution. Major spatiotemporal gaps in the Gondwanan Cretaceous fossil record, coupled with taxon incompleteness, have hindered research on this effect, especially in Australia. Here we report on two new sauropod specimens from the early Late Cretaceous of Queensland, Australia, that have important implications for Cretaceous dinosaur palaeobiogeography. Savannasaurus elliottorum gen...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Xing Zhou Qu, Ming Yi Wang, Hui Shan Ong, Chen Ping Zhang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the stability of prostheses supported by zygoma implants and remaining teeth for subjects who had undergone hemi-maxillectomy. METHODS: Ten patients were included in the study. Oral rehabilitation was performed using a temporary prosthesis that was supported by remaining teeth for the first three months. Then, a zygoma implant was placed to provide support for a final prosthesis in addition to the remaining teeth. Each prosthesis was tailor-made according to biomechanical three-dimensional finite element analysis results...
October 1, 2016: Clinics
Ciyu Yang, Angela G Arnold, Magan Trottier, Yukio Sonoda, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Oliver Zivanovic, Mark E Robson, Zsofia K Stadler, Michael F Walsh, David M Hyman, Kenneth Offit, Liying Zhang
PURPOSE: Mutations in PALB2 have been associated with a predisposition to breast and pancreatic cancers. This study aims to characterize a novel PALB2 exon 13 duplication in a hereditary breast and ovarian cancer family. METHODS: The PALB2 exon 13 duplication in this family was evaluated using Memorial Sloan Kettering-Integrated Mutation Profiling of Actionable Cancer Targets (MSK-IMPACT™) and confirmed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA)...
October 18, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Leah Marie Sloan, Sarah Mincks Hardy
Rhizocephalan barnacles in the genus Briarosaccus parasitize and castrate king crab hosts, thereby preventing host reproduction and potentially altering host abundance. To better understand how environmental factors in Alaska may influence Briarosaccus prevalence, we studied the effects of temperature and salinity on the larvae of Briarosaccus regalis (previously B. callosus). Nauplius larvae were reared at 7 temperatures (2 to 16 C) and 8 salinities (19 to 40) to determine larval survival and development rates...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Parasitology
Katarzyna Anna Campbell, Katharine Anna Bowker, Felix Naughton, Melanie Sloan, Sue Cooper, Tim Coleman
Introduction: UK guidance recommends routine exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) screening for pregnant women and "opt-out" referrals to stop smoking services (SSS) of those with CO ≥ 4 ppm. We explored staff views on this referral pathway when implemented in one UK hospital Trust. Methods: Seventeen semi-structured interviews with staff involved in the implementation of the new referral pathway: six antenatal clinic staff (before and after implementation); five SSS staff (after). Data were analyzed using framework analysis...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Yiru Wang, Zhengpeng Qin, David R Boulware, Bobbi S Pritt, Lynne M Sloan, Iveth J González, David Bell, Roxanne R Rees-Channer, Peter Chiodini, Warren C W Chan, John C Bischof
There is an increasing need for highly sensitive and quantitative diagnostics at the point-of-care. The lateral flow immunoassay (LFA) is one of the most widely used point-of-care diagnostic tests; however, LFAs generally suffers from low sensitivity and lack of quantification. To overcome these limitations, thermal contrast amplification (TCA) is a new method that is based on the laser excitation of gold nanoparticles (GNP), the most commonly used visual signature, to evoke a thermal signature. To facilitate the clinical translation of the TCA technology, we present the development of a TCA reader, a platform technology that significantly improves the limit of detection and provides quantification of disease antigens in LFAs...
October 17, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Maryam Beheshtian, Mojgan Babanejad, Hela Azaiez, Niloofar Bazazzadegan, Diana Kolbe, Christina Sloan-Heggen, Sanaz Arzhangi, Kevin Booth, Marzieh Mohseni, Kathy Frees, Mohammad Hossein Azizi, Ahmad Daneshi, Mohammad Farhadi, Kimia Kahrizi, Richard Jh Smith, Hossein Najmabadi
A significant contribution to the causes of hereditary hearing impairment comes from genetic factors. More than 120 genes and 160 loci have been identified to be involved in hearing impairment. Given that consanguine populations are more vulnerable to most inherited diseases, such as hereditary hearing loss (HHL), the genetic picture of HHL among the Iranian population, which consists of at least eight ethnic subgroups with a high rate of intermarriage, is expected to be highly heterogeneous. Using an electronic literature review through various databases such as PubMed, MEDLINE, and Scopus, we review the current picture of HHL in Iran...
October 1, 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Amelia Aldao, Dylan G Gee, Andres De Los Reyes, Ilana Seager
In response to rapidly growing rates of comorbidity among psychiatric disorders, clinical scientists have become interested in identifying transdiagnostic processes that can help explain dysfunction across diagnostic categories (e.g., Kring & Sloan, 2009). One factor that has received a great deal of attention is that of emotion regulation, namely, the ability to modulate the intensity and/or duration of emotional states (e.g., Cicchetti, Ackerman, & Izard, 1995; Gross, 1998). Recent theoretical and empirical work has begun to emphasize the role that emotion regulation plays in the temporal comorbidity between internalizing and externalizing conditions (e...
November 2016: Development and Psychopathology
Desiree Deandreis, Carole Rubino, Hernan Tala, Sophie Leboulleux, Marie Terroir, Eric Baudin, Steve Larson, James A Fagin, Martin Schlumberger, Michael R Tuttle
: The optimal management of radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment in patients with metastatic thyroid cancer (TC) is still a matter of debate. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 352 patients with RAI avid metastatic well differentiated TC treated with (131)I by empiric fixed activity of 3.7 GBq at Gustave Roussy (GR, n = 231) or by personalized activity (2.8 to 18.6 GBq) based on whole body/blood clearance dosimetry (WB/BC) at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC, n = 121)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Marina J Corines, Jada G Hamilton, Emily Glogowski, Chris A Anrig, Rachael Goldberg, Kate Niehaus, Erin Salo-Mullen, Megan Harlan, Margaret R Sheehan, Magan Trottier, Asad Ahsraf, Christina Tran, Lauren Jacobs, Rohini Rau-Murthy, Anne G Lincoln, Mark E Robson, Jose G Guillem, Arnold J Markowitz, Kenneth Offit, Zsofia K Stadler
Few reports of educational and counseling support resources exist for Lynch syndrome (LS), a disorder requiring multi-organ cancer screening and specialized medical care throughout adult life. Here we describe the development and efficacy of two resources designed to address this need, the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Clinical Genetics Service annual Lynch Syndrome Educational Workshop (LSEW), and a quarterly Lynch Syndrome Patient Advocacy Network (LSPAN) support group. The LSEW and LSPAN were implemented beginning in 2012...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Gavin Giovannoni, Jeffrey A Cohen, Alasdair J Coles, Hans-Peter Hartung, Eva Havrdova, Krzysztof W Selmaj, David H Margolin, Stephen L Lake, Susan M Kaup, Michael A Panzara, D Alastair S Compston
OBJECTIVE: To characterize effects of alemtuzumab treatment on measures of disability improvement in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) with inadequate response (≥1 relapse) to prior therapy. METHODS: Comparison of Alemtuzumab and Rebif Efficacy in Multiple Sclerosis (CARE-MS) II, a 2-year randomized, rater-blinded, active-controlled, head-to-head, phase 3 trial, compared efficacy and safety of alemtuzumab 12 mg with subcutaneous interferon-β-1a (SC IFN-β-1a) 44 μg in patients with RRMS...
October 12, 2016: Neurology
C D Dale, P McLoone, B Sloan, J Kinsella, D Morrison, K Puxty, T Quasim
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the 2nd largest cause of cancer related mortality in the UK with 40 000 new patients being diagnosed each year. Complications of CRC surgery can occur in the perioperative period that leads to the requirement of organ support. The aim of this study was to identify pre-operative risk factors that increased the likelihood of this occurring. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of all 6441 patients who underwent colorectal cancer surgery within the West of Scotland Region between 2005 and 2011...
October 12, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Luke Daniels, Reza Kashtiban, Demie Kepaptsoglou, Quentin Ramasse, Jeremy Sloan, Richard Ian Walton
Cation size effects are examined in the mixed A-site perovskites La0.5Sm0.5CrO3 and La0.5Tb0.5CrO3 prepared through both hydrothermal and solid-state methods. Atomically resolved electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) on the transmission electron microscope shows that while the La and Sm cations are randomly distributed, increased cation radius variance in La0.5Tb0.5CrO3 results in regions of localised La and Tb layers, an atomic arrangement exclusive to the hydrothermally-prepared material. Solid-state preparation gives lower homogeneity resulting in separate nano-scale regions rich in La3+ and Tb3+...
October 11, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Lauren C Peres, Elisa V Bandera, Bo Qin, Kristin A Guertin, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hebert, Sarah E Abbott, Anthony J Alberg, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Melissa Bondy, Michele L Cote, Ellen Funkhouser, Patricia G Moorman, Edward S Peters, Ann G Schwartz, Paul D Terry, Fabian Camacho, Frances Wang, Joellen M Schildkraut
Chronic inflammation has been implicated in the development of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC); yet, the contribution of inflammatory foods and nutrients to EOC risk has been understudied. We investigated the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII), a novel literature-derived tool to assess the inflammatory potential of one's diet, and EOC risk in African American (AA) women in the African American Cancer Epidemiology Study (AACES), the largest population-based case-control study of EOC in AA women to date...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Ahmed Qannam, Ibrahim O Bello
CONTEXT: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is the most common salivary gland malignancy and its grading is greatly consequential in the management and prognosis of patients with the disease. AIMS: To compare histologic grading systems in MEC of minor salivary glands. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Two qualitative (modified Healy and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center [MSKCC] methods) and two quantitative (Armed Forces Institute of Pathology [AFIP] and Brandwein methods) were evaluated...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Eric A Finkelstein, Benjamin A Haaland, Marcel Bilger, Aarti Sahasranaman, Robert A Sloan, Ei Ei Khaing Nang, Kelly R Evenson
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing popularity of activity trackers, little evidence exists that they can improve health outcomes. We aimed to investigate whether use of activity trackers, alone or in combination with cash incentives or charitable donations, lead to increases in physical activity and improvements in health outcomes. METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial, employees from 13 organisations in Singapore were randomly assigned (1:1:1:1) with a computer generated assignment schedule to control (no tracker or incentives), Fitbit Zip activity tracker, tracker plus charity incentives, or tracker plus cash incentives...
October 3, 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
Mingxiang Teng, Michael I Love, Carrie A Davis, Sarah Djebali, Alexander Dobin, Brenton R Graveley, Sheng Li, Christopher E Mason, Sara Olson, Dmitri Pervouchine, Cricket A Sloan, Xintao Wei, Lijun Zhan, Rafael A Irizarry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: Genome Biology
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