keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

shia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184698/case-report-primary-acinar-cell-carcinoma-of-the-liver-treated-with-multimodality-therapy
#1
Emmet J Jordan, Olca Basturk, Jinru Shia, David S Klimstra, William Alago, Michael I D'Angelica, Ghassan K Abou-Alfa, Eileen M O'Reilly, Maeve A Lowery
We describe a case of primary acinar cell carcinoma (ACC) originating in the liver in a 54-year-old female, diagnosed following persistent abnormal elevated liver function. Imaging revealed two masses, one dominant lesion in the right hepatic lobe and another in segment IVA. A right hepatectomy was performed to remove the larger lesion, while the mass in segment IVA was unresectable due to its proximity to the left hepatic vein. Immunohistochemical staining showed positivity for trypsin and chymotrypsin. Postoperatively the patient underwent hepatic arterial embolization of the other unresectable lesion followed by FOLFOX chemotherapy...
October 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167609/the-application-and-future-of-big-database-studies-in-cardiology-a-single-center-experience
#2
REVIEW
Kuang-Tso Lee, Ai-Ling Hour, Ben-Chang Shia, Pao-Hsien Chu
As medical research techniques and quality have improved, it is apparent that cardiovascular problems could be better resolved by more strict experiment design. In fact, substantial time and resources should be expended to fulfill the requirements of high quality studies. Many worthy ideas and hypotheses were unable to be verified or proven due to ethical or economic limitations. In recent years, new and various applications and uses of databases have received increasing attention. Important information regarding certain issues such as rare cardiovascular diseases, women's heart health, post-marketing analysis of different medications, or a combination of clinical and regional cardiac features could be obtained by the use of rigorous statistical methods...
November 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166672/increased-risk-of-dementia-following-herpes-zoster-ophthalmicus
#3
Ming-Chieh Tsai, Wan-Ling Cheng, Jau-Jiuan Sheu, Chung-Chien Huang, Ben-Chang Shia, Li-Ting Kao, Herng-Ching Lin
This retrospective cohort study aimed to examine the relationship between herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) and the subsequent risk of dementia using a population-based database. We retrieved the study sample from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005. The study group included 846 patients with HZO, and the comparison group included 2538 patients without HZO. Each patient was individually followed for a 5-year period to identify those patients who subsequently received a diagnosis of dementia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122777/genetic-predictors-of-response-to-systemic-therapy-in-esophagogastric-cancer
#4
Yelena Y Janjigian, Francisco Sanchez-Vega, Philip Jonsson, Walid K Chatila, Jaclyn F Hechtman, Geoffrey Y Ku, Jamie C Riches, Yaelle Tuvy, Ritika Kundra, Nancy Bouvier, Efsevia Vakiani, Jianjiong Gao, Zachary J Heins, Benjamin E Gross, David P Kelsen, Liying Zhang, Vivian E Strong, Mark Schattner, Hans Gerdes, Daniel G Coit, Manjit Bains, Zsofia K Stadler, Valerie W Rusch, David R Jones, Daniela Molena, Jinru Shia, Mark E Robson, Marinela Capanu, Sumit Middha, Ahmet Zehir, David M Hyman, Maurizio Scaltriti, Marc Ladanyi, Neal Rosen, David H Ilson, Michael F Berger, Laura Tang, Barry S Taylor, David B Solit, Nikolaus Schultz
The incidence of esophagogastric cancer is rapidly rising but only a minority of patients derive durable benefit from current therapies. Chemotherapy as well as anti-HER2 and PD-1 antibodies are standard treatments. To identify predictive biomarkers of drug sensitivity and mechanisms of resistance, we implemented prospective tumor sequencing of metastatic esophagogastric cancer patients. There was no association between HRD defects and response to platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients with MSI-H tumors were intrinsically resistant to chemotherapy but more likely to achieve durable responses to immunotherapy...
November 9, 2017: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868846/personhood-and-moral-status-of-the-embryo-it-s-effect-on-validity-of-surrogacy-contract-revocation-according-to-shia-jurisprudence-perspective
#5
Saeid Nazari Tavakkoli
Background: One of the most controversial issues related to the human embryo is the determination of the moment when an embryo is considered a human being and acquires a moral status. Although personhood and moral status are frequently mentioned in medical ethics, they are considered interdisciplinary as concepts that shape the debate in medical law (fiqh) since their consequences are influential in the way which the parents and other individuals behave towards the embryo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This analytical-descriptive research gathered relevant data in a literature search...
October 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839261/structural-basis-for-therapeutic-inhibition-of-influenza-a-polymerase-pb2-subunit
#6
Xiaolei Ma, Lili Xie, Charles Wartchow, Robert Warne, Yongjin Xu, Alexey Rivkin, David Tully, Steven Shia, Kyoko Uehara, Dianna M Baldwin, Gladys Muiru, Weidong Zhong, Isabel Zaror, Dirksen E Bussiere, Vincent H J Leonard
Influenza virus uses a unique mechanism to initiate viral transcription named cap-snatching. The PB2 subunit of the viral heterotrimeric RNA polymerase binds the cap structure of cellular pre-mRNA to promote its cleavage by the PA subunit. The resulting 11-13 capped oligomer is used by the PB1 polymerase subunit to initiate transcription of viral proteins. VX-787 is an inhibitor of the influenza A virus pre-mRNA cap-binding protein PB2. This clinical stage compound was shown to bind the minimal cap-binding domain of PB2 to inhibit the cap-snatching machinery...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833510/a-new-method-to-quantify-the-health-risks-from-sources-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-combined-with-pmf-and-risk-assessment-models
#7
Jiao Xu, Guo-Liang Shia, Chang-Sheng Guo, Hai-Ting Wang, Ying-Ze Tian, Yan-Qi Huangfu, Yuan Zhang, Yin-Chang Feng, Jian Xu
A hybrid model based on Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) and Health Risk Assessment Model for assessing risks associated with sources of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in water was for the first time established, and applied at Dianchi Lake to test its applicability. The new method contains two stages: (1) The sources to PFASs were apportioned by PMF model and (2) the contribution of health risks from each source was calculated by the new hybrid model. Two factors were extracted by PMF, with Factor 1 identified as aqueous fire-fighting foams (AFFFs) source, and Factor 2 as fluoropolymer (FP) manufacturing and processing & perfluorooctanoic acid production source...
August 18, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830649/identification-of-an-imidazopyridine-scaffold-to-generate-potent-and-selective-tyk2-inhibitors-that-demonstrate-activity-in-an-in-vivo-psoriasis-model
#8
Jun Liang, Anne Van Abbema, Mercedesz Balazs, Kathy Barrett, Leo Berezhkovsky, Wade S Blair, Christine Chang, Donnie Delarosa, Jason DeVoss, Jim Driscoll, Charles Eigenbrot, Simon Goodacre, Nico Ghilardi, Calum MacLeod, Adam Johnson, Pawan Bir Kohli, Yingjie Lai, Zhonghua Lin, Priscilla Mantik, Kapil Menghrajani, Hieu Nguyen, Ivan Peng, Amy Sambrone, Steven Shia, Jan Smith, Sue Sohn, Vickie Tsui, Mark Ultsch, Karen Williams, Lawren C Wu, Wenqian Yang, Birong Zhang, Steven Magnuson
Herein we report identification of an imidazopyridine class of potent and selective TYK2 inhibitors, exemplified by prototype 6, through constraint of the rotatable amide bond connecting the pyridine and aryl rings of compound 1. Further optimization led to generation of compound 30 that potently inhibits the TYK2 enzyme and the IL-23 pathway in cells, exhibits selectivity against cellular JAK2 activity, and has good pharmacokinetic properties. In mice, compound 30 demonstrated dose-dependent reduction of IL-17 production in a PK/PD model as well as in an imiquimod-induced psoriasis model...
September 15, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828593/outcomes-of-pharmacist-provided-medication-review-in-collaborative-care-for-adult-singaporeans-receiving-hemodialysis
#9
Bih Yee Chia, McVin Hua Heng Cheen, Xin Yi Gwee, Melissa Mee Yin Chow, Giat Yeng Khee, Wan Chee Ong, Hui Lin Choong, Paik Shia Lim
Background Patients receiving hemodialysis are predisposed to drug related problems (DRPs). While collaborative care (CC) models with pharmacist involvement can reduce DRP occurrence, few have examined its impact on clinical and economic outcomes. Objective To determine whether a CC model with pharmacist-provided medication review can reduce unplanned admissions and healthcare utilization in patients receiving hemodialysis, compared to usual care (UC). Setting Outpatient nephrology clinic of a tertiary hospital in Singapore...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825733/discovery-of-a-cryptic-peptide-binding-site-on-pcsk9-and-design-of-antagonists
#10
Yingnan Zhang, Mark Ultsch, Nicholas J Skelton, Daniel J Burdick, Maureen H Beresini, Wei Li, Monica Kong-Beltran, Andrew Peterson, John Quinn, Cecilia Chiu, Yan Wu, Steven Shia, Paul Moran, Paola Di Lello, Charles Eigenbrot, Daniel Kirchhofer
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) regulates plasma LDL cholesterol (LDL-c) levels by promoting the degradation of liver LDL receptors (LDLRs). Antibodies that inhibit PCSK9 binding to the EGF(A) domain of the LDLR are effective in lowering LDL-c. However, the discovery of small-molecule therapeutics is hampered by difficulty in targeting the relatively flat EGF(A)-binding site on PCSK9. Here we demonstrate that it is possible to target this site, based on the finding that the PCSK9 P' helix displays conformational flexibility...
October 2017: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821128/biomimetic-composite-scaffolds-based-on-surface-modification-of-polydopamine-on-electrospun-poly-lactic-acid-cellulose-nanofibrils
#11
Zhangqiang Yang, Junhui Si, Zhixiang Cui, Jianhua Ye, Xiaofeng Wang, Qianting Wang, Kaiping Peng, Wenzhe Chen, Shia-Chung Chen
An appropriate surface chemical property is crucial in tissue engineering scaffolds, which promotes cell attachment and proliferation. A biomimetic composite scaffold with a polydopamine (PDA) coating layer on electrospun poly(lactic acid) (PLA)/cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) composite nanofiber was developed in this study. PLA/CNF composite nanofibers were fabricated and then coated via treatment with a dopamine solution. The PDA coating layer was successfully formed on the surface of the PLA/CNF composite nanofiber by using a simple, environment-friendly, and effective procedure...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819720/immunohistochemical-null-phenotype-for-mismatch-repair-proteins-in-colonic-carcinoma-associated-with-concurrent-mlh1-hypermethylation-and-msh2-somatic-mutations
#12
Tao Wang, Zsofia K Stadler, Liying Zhang, Martin R Weiser, Olca Basturk, Jaclyn F Hechtman, Efsevia Vakiani, Lenard B Saltz, David S Klimstra, Jinru Shia
Microsatellite instability, a well-established driver pathway in colorectal carcinogenesis, can develop in both sporadic and hereditary conditions via different molecular alterations in the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. MMR protein immunohistochemistry (IHC) is currently widely used for the detection of MMR deficiency in solid tumors. The IHC test, however, can show varied staining patterns, posing challenges in the interpretation of the staining results in some cases. Here we report a case of an 80-year-old female with a colonic adenocarcinoma that exhibited an unusual "null" IHC staining pattern with complete loss of all four MMR proteins (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2)...
August 17, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797904/influence-of-inhibitory-tagging-it-on-emotional-and-cognitive-conflict-processing-evidence-from-event-related-potentials
#13
Xudong Zhao, Xiujun Li, Wendian Shi
Inhibitory tagging (IT), a flexible central control mechanism based on the current task goals, reduces the cognitive conflict effect at the cued location by blocking the incompatible stimulus-response (S-R) code. However, it is unknown whether IT has a similar effect on emotional conflict. Thus, we combined the face-word Stroop task with the manipulation of inhibition of return (IOR) and used event-related potential (ERP) technology to simultaneously examine the modulation effect of IT on emotional and cognitive conflict processing...
August 7, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797187/a-survey-of-physicians-attitudes-toward-uterotonic-administration-in-parturients-undergoing-cesarean-section
#14
Sharon Orbach-Zinger, Sharon Einav, Assaf Yona, Leonid A Eidelman, Shia Fein, Atara Davis, Alexander Ioscovich
OBJECTIVE: Oxytocin is globally accepted as first-line treatment for prevention of post-partum hemorrhage. However, there is wide variability in its use in clinical practice. In this study, we aimed to evaluate obstetricians and anesthesiologists attitudes towards uterotonic practices in Israel. STUDY DESIGN: The current survey was designed to study the preferences of obstetricians and anesthesiologists in seven University hospitals regarding the type, dose, and mode of administration of uterotonic drugs, as well as their knowledge regarding the side effects of these drugs...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768753/pcsk9-loss-of-function-variants-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke-data-from-9-studies-of-blacks-and-whites
#15
Shia T Kent, Robert S Rosenson, Christy L Avery, Yii-Der I Chen, Adolfo Correa, Steven R Cummings, L Adrienne Cupples, Mary Cushman, Daniel S Evans, Vilmundur Gudnason, Tamara B Harris, George Howard, Marguerite R Irvin, Suzanne E Judd, J Wouter Jukema, Leslie Lange, Emily B Levitan, Xiaohui Li, Yongmei Liu, Wendy S Post, Iris Postmus, Bruce M Psaty, Jerome I Rotter, Monika M Safford, Colleen M Sitlani, Albert V Smith, James D Stewart, Stella Trompet, Fangui Sun, Ramachandran S Vasan, J Michael Woolley, Eric A Whitsel, Kerri L Wiggins, James G Wilson, Paul Muntner
BACKGROUND: PCSK9 loss-of-function (LOF) variants allow for the examination of the effects of lifetime reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) on cardiovascular events. We examined the association of PCSK9 LOF variants with LDL-C and incident coronary heart disease and stroke through a meta-analysis of data from 8 observational cohorts and 1 randomized trial of statin therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: These 9 studies together included 17 459 blacks with 403 (2...
August 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768055/harnessing-cxcr4-antagonists-in-stem-cell-mobilization-hiv-infection-ischemic-diseases-and-oncology
#16
REVIEW
Lun Kelvin Tsou, Ying-Huey Huang, Jen-Shin Song, Yi-Yu Ke, Jing-Kai Huang, Kak-Shan Shia
CXCR4 antagonists (e.g., Plerixafor(TM) ) have been successfully validated as stem cell mobilizers for peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Applications of the CXCR4 antagonists have heralded the era of cell-based therapy and opened a potential therapeutic horizon for many unmet medical needs such as kidney injury, ischemic stroke, cancer, and myocardial infarction. In this review, we first introduce the central role of CXCR4 in diverse cellular signaling pathways and discuss its involvement in several disease progressions...
August 2, 2017: Medicinal Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756694/factors-influencing-medical-staff-s-intentions-to-implement-family-witnessed-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-cross-sectional-multihospital-survey
#17
Chien-Liang Chen, Jing-Shia Tang, Meng-Kuan Lai, Chiu-Hsia Hung, Hsiu-Mei Hsieh, Hui-Lin Yang, Chia-Chang Chuang
BACKGROUND: In Taiwan, the current status of family-witnessed resuscitation (FWR) and the factors associated with behavioural intentions to implement FWR have not been systematically examined using representative medical staff. AIM: We explored predictive factors for behavioural intentions to implement FWR among medical staff using constructs from the theory of planned behaviour. METHODS: A survey of 1605 medical staff from five hospitals in southern Taiwan was conducted...
August 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734798/barriers-to-conducting-ambulatory-and-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-during-hypertension-screening-in-the-united-states
#18
Ian M Kronish, Shia Kent, Nathalie Moise, Daichi Shimbo, Monika M Safford, Robert E Kynerd, Ronan O'Beirne, Alexandra Sullivan, Paul Muntner
In 2015, the US Preventive Services Task Force updated their hypertension recommendations to advise that adults with elevated office blood pressure (BP) undergo out-of-office BP measurement to exclude white coat hypertension before diagnosis. Our goal was to determine the most important barriers to primary care providers' ordering ambulatory and home BP monitoring in the United States. We enrolled 63 primary care providers into nominal group panels in which participants iteratively listed and ranked barriers to ambulatory and home BP monitoring...
September 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729225/gynura-divaricata-attenuates-tumor-growth-and-tumor-relapse-after-cisplatin-therapy-in-hcc-xenograft-model-through-suppression-of-cancer-stem-cell-growth-and-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signalling
#19
Chia-Hung Yen, Chi-Chung Lai, Tsu-Hsiang Shia, Marcelo Chen, Hsin-Che Yu, Yu-Peng Liu, Fang-Rong Chang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Gynura divaricata subsp. formosana is a widely used traditional herbal medicine for treating liver disorders such as hepatitis and liver cancer in Taiwan. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study was aimed to evaluate the anti-cancer and cancer stabilization effect of water extract of the aerial part of G. divaricata (GD extract) both in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cytotoxicity and anti-proliferative effects of GD extract alone and in combination with cisplatin were determined by alamarBlue and clonogenic assay...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649796/lymph-node-yield-in-right-colectomy-for-cancer-a-comparison-of-open-laparoscopic-and-robotic-approaches
#20
M Widmar, M Keskin, P Strombom, P Beltran, O S Chow, J J Smith, G M Nash, J Shia, D Russell, J Garcia-Aguilar
AIM: Studies have demonstrated a relationship between lymph node (LN) yield and survival after colectomy for cancer. The impact of surgical technique on LN yield has not been well explored. METHOD: This is a retrospective study of right colectomy (RC) for cancer at a single institution from 2012 to 2014. Exclusion criteria were previous colectomy and emergent and palliative operations. All data were collected by chart review. Primary outcomes were LN yield and the LN to length of surgical specimen (LN-LSS) ratio...
October 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
keyword
keyword
48936
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"