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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913407/whole-brain-analysis-reveals-increased-neuroanatomical-asymmetries-in-dementia-for-hippocampus-and-amygdala
#1
Christian Wachinger, David H Salat, Michael Weiner, Martin Reuter
Structural magnetic resonance imaging data are frequently analysed to reveal morphological changes of the human brain in dementia. Most contemporary imaging biomarkers are scalar values, such as the volume of a structure, and may miss the localized morphological variation of early presymptomatic disease progression. Neuroanatomical shape descriptors, however, can represent complex geometric information of individual anatomical regions and may demonstrate increased sensitivity in association studies. Yet, they remain largely unexplored...
December 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911882/a-unified-perspective-of-complex-band-structure-interpretations-formulations-and-applications
#2
Matthew G Reuter
Complex band structure generalizes conventional band structure by also considering wavevectors with complex components. In this way, complex band structure describes both the bulk-propagating states from conventional band structure and the evanescent states that grow or decay from one unit cell to the next. Even though these latter states are excluded by translational symmetry, they become important when translational symmetry is broken via, for example, a surface or impurity. Many studies over the last 80 years have directly or indirectly developed complex band structure for an impressive range of applications, but very few discuss its fundamentals or compare its various results...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906818/impact-of-a-general-practitioners-strike-and-of-terrorist-attacks-on-a-call-centre
#3
Paul-Georges Reuter, Charlotte Orsini, Mélanie Grave, Frédéric Linval, Hayatte Akodad, Laurent Goix, Frédéric Adnet, Frédéric Lapostolle
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the impact of the same-day GPs' strike and terrorist attacks on a call centre's activity. METHODS: We compared the number of calls received, the number of patient's medical files (PMFs) created and the number of mobile ICU (MICU) dispatched per hour on Friday, 13 November, to the repository established on the five previous Fridays. As previously published, the variation criterion was set to an activity variation above 20% for more than 2 h...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904549/effects-of-nigella-sativa-supplementation-on-blood-parameters-and-anthropometric-indices-in-adults-a-systematic-review-on-clinical-trials
#4
REVIEW
Alireza Mohtashami, Mohammad Hasan Entezari
BACKGROUND: Nigella sativa (N. sativa) has been used in traditional medicine and several studies have been performed in the last decades to reveal the effects of it on different medical disorders such as diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and obesity. We evaluated the effects of N. sativa supplementation on lipid profiles, glycemic control, blood pressure (BP), and some anthropometric indices in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search on published studies was done by using databases including PubMed, Google Scholar, Thomas Reuters Web of Science, and Cochrane...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903803/the-human-cytomegalovirus-ie1-protein-antagonizes-pml-nuclear-body-mediated-intrinsic-immunity-via-the-inhibition-of-pml-de-novo-sumoylation
#5
Eva-Maria Schilling, Myriam Scherer, Nina Reuter, Johannes Schweininger, Yves A Muller, Thomas Stamminger
: PML nuclear bodies (NBs) are accumulations of cellular proteins embedded in a scaffold-like structure built by SUMO-modified PML/TRIM19. PML and other NB proteins act as cellular restriction factors against human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), however, this intrinsic defense is counteracted by the immediate-early protein 1 (IE1) of HCMV. IE1 directly interacts with the PML coiled-coil domain via its globular core region and disrupts NB foci by inducing a loss of PML SUMOylation. Here, we demonstrate that IE1 acts via abrogating the de novo SUMOylation of PML...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903439/functional-connectivity-in-the-resting-brain-as-biological-correlate-of-the-affective-neuroscience-personality-scales
#6
Nadja Deris, Christian Montag, Martin Reuter, Bernd Weber, Sebastian Markett
According to Jaak Panksepp's Affective Neuroscience Theory and the derived self-report measure, the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS), differences in the responsiveness of primary emotional systems form the basis of human personality. In order to investigate neuronal correlates of personality, the underlying neuronal circuits of the primary emotional systems were analyzed in the present fMRI-study by associating the ANPS to functional connectivity in the resting brain. N = 120 healthy participants were invited for the present study...
November 26, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902520/rethinking-recovery-incorporating-holistic-nursing-perspectives-in-poststroke-care
#7
Frances Peterson-Burch, Karin Reuter-Rice, Taura L Barr
Stroke is a life-changing experience. Current treatments focus on treating the condition, rather than the whole person. The goal of this report was to communicate the benefits of a holistic approach to the treatment and recovery of stroke. Our intent was to begin a conversation to transform our approach to stroke care to focus on the whole person, body, mind, and spirit. Wellness approaches are fiscally responsible ways of providing holistic care for patients and their family members to help them achieve optimal individualized recovery...
January 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901158/a-structural-study-of-alkaline-earth-metal-complexes-with-hybrid-disila-crown-ethers
#8
Fabian Dankert, Kirsten Reuter, Carsten Donsbach, Carsten von Hänisch
Compounds consisting of [M(1,2-disila-[3n]crown-n)](2+) (M = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba; n = 5, 6) and [Ba(1,2-disila-benzo[18]crown-6)](2+) cations and different anions were obtained by equimolar reaction of the hybrid disila-crown ethers 1,2-disila[15]crown-5 (1), 1,2-disila[18]crown-6 (2) and 1,2-disila-benzo[18]crown-6 (7) with alkaline earth metal salts. Even with strongly coordinating anions such as Br(-) or I(-) stable complexes could be obtained, showing the good coordination ability of these ligands. The structures of all coordination compounds were determined via single crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
November 30, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899043/use-of-biologics-and-other-novel-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-systemic-sclerosis
#9
Cosimo Bruni, Emanuela Praino, Yannick Allanore, Oliver Distler, Armando Gabrielli, Florenzo Iannone, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by vasculopathy, inflammation and fibrosis. These three main disease-determining pathways are the target of the currently available treatments used to possibly modify the progression of disease-related manifestations, although this synergy has not been fully applied on SSc joint, skin or lung involvement yet. Areas covered: we describe the current status of SSc treatment/therapy performing a literature search in MEDLINE/Pubmed and Thomson Reuter's Web of Science for articles published until March 2016...
November 30, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898175/interventions-for-promoting-participation-in-shared-decision-making-for-children-with-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Imelda Coyne, Dónal P O'Mathúna, Faith Gibson, Linda Shields, Edith Leclercq, Greg Sheaf
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the Cochrane systematic review of shared decision-making (SMD) making published in 2013. Children's rights to have their views heard in matters that affect their lives are now well established since the publication of the UN Convention treaty (1989). Children with cancer generally prefer to be involved in decision-making and consider it important that they have the opportunity to take part in decision-making concerning their health care, even in end-of-life decisions...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893017/evaluation-of-cognitive-deficits-and-structural-hippocampal-damage-in-encephalitis-with-leucine-rich-glioma-inactivated-1-antibodies
#11
Carsten Finke, Harald Prüss, Josephine Heine, Sigrid Reuter, Ute A Kopp, Florian Wegner, Florian Then Bergh, Sebastian Koch, Olav Jansen, Thomas Münte, Günther Deuschl, Klemens Ruprecht, Winfried Stöcker, Klaus-Peter Wandinger, Friedemann Paul, Thorsten Bartsch
Importance: Limbic encephalitis with leucine-rich, glioma-inactivated 1 (LGI1) antibodies is one of the most frequent variants of autoimmune encephalitis with antibodies targeting neuronal surface antigens. However, the neuroimaging pattern and long-term cognitive outcome are not well understood. Objective: To study cognitive outcome and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) alterations in patients with anti-LGI1 encephalitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Departments of Neurology at Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin and University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany...
November 21, 2016: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892849/the-impact-of-acute-stress-on-cognitive-functioning-a-matter-of-cognitive-demands
#12
Thomas Plieger, Andrea Felten, Elena Diks, Jessica Tepel, Melanie Mies, Martin Reuter
INTRODUCTION: There is a controversy in the literature whether stress and related cortisol responses are beneficial or impairing for cognitive functioning. Conflicting results might be due to individual differences in stress reactivity and cognitive load of the applied tasks. METHODS: N = 48 participants underwent the Socially Evaluated Cold Pressor Test and were confronted with the Frankfurter Aufmerksamkeits-Inventar-2 (FAIR-2) which is a low-load attention task and two subscales of the Intelligenz-Struktur-Test 2000 R (I-S-T 2000R) as a high-load reasoning task before and after the stressor...
November 28, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890162/understanding-emergency-workers-behavior-and-perspectives-on-design-and-safety-in-the-workplace
#13
Elizabeth Reuter, Jorge D Camba
Emergency Medical Services (EMS) is a demanding and hazardous industry. Because of the changing roles in the emergency response system, EMS workers are increasingly expected to provide treatment and care in addition to transport, which increases their task load and susceptibility to harm. This paper serves to outline the EMS field from the worker's perspective with the purpose of understanding their views on health, safety, and the work environment, and identify where gaps in worker well-being are exposed. Through direct observation, field studies, and formal interviews with EMS professionals, we discuss where reluctance lies in addressing safety issues and the current efforts to address them...
March 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889115/new-psychoactive-substances-are-there-any-good-options-for-regulating-new-psychoactive-substances
#14
Peter Reuter, Bryce Pardo
Advances in chemistry, technology, and globalization have contributed to the rapid development and diffusion of NPS (new psychoactive substances), creating perhaps the most serious challenge to the century-old international drug control system and to national systems. Very little is known about the effects of these substances which fall outside of national and international controls. The predominant response to the flood of NPS has been the development of more expeditious methods of prohibiting a new chemical entity...
November 23, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878223/experimental-study-with-nursing-staff-related-to-the-knowledge-about-pressure-ulcers
#15
Miriam Viviane Baron, Cézane Priscila Reuter, Miria Suzana Burgos, Veniria Cavalli, Cristine Brandenburg, Suzane Beatriz Frantz Krug
Objective: to compare the scores of knowledge in teams participating or not participating in educational interventions about pressure ulcers. Method: a quantitative study with experimental design. Data were collected through a validated questionnaire. The study included 71 individuals, including nurses and nursing technicians from three intensive care units, divided into intervention group and control group. Data analysis considered the scores of the groups in the moment before and after intervention...
November 21, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876615/a-novel-avian-like-hepatitis-e-virus-in-wild-aquatic-bird-little-egret-egretta-garzetta-in-hungary
#16
Gábor Reuter, Ákos Boros, Róbert Mátics, Beatrix Kapusinszky, Eric Delwart, Péter Pankovics
Hepatitis E virus (HEV), family Hepeviridae, has public health concerns because of its zoonotic potential; however, the host species spectrum, animal to animal transmissions, the natural chain of hepevirus infections and the genetic diversity of HEV in wildlife especially in birds are less known. Using random amplification and next generation sequencing technology a genetically divergent avian HEV was serendipitously identified in wild bird in Hungary. HEV RNA was detected with high faecal viral load (1.33×10(8)genomiccopies/ml) measured by real-time PCR in faecal sample from a little egret (Egretta garzetta)...
December 2016: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875235/concept-factorization-with-adaptive-neighbors-for-document-clustering
#17
Xiaobing Pei, Chuanbo Chen, Weihua Gong
In this paper, a novel concept factorization (CF) method, called CF with adaptive neighbors (CFANs), is proposed. The idea of CFAN is to integrate an ANs regularization constraint into the CF decomposition. The goal of CFAN is to extract the representation space that maintains geometrical neighborhood structure of the data. Similar to the existing graph-regularized CF, CFAN builds a neighbor graph weights matrix. The key difference is that the CFAN performs dimensionality reduction and finds the neighbor graph weights matrix simultaneously...
November 18, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869298/informant-questionnaire-on-cognitive-decline-in-the-elderly-iqcode-for-the-early-diagnosis-of-dementia-across-a-variety-of-healthcare-settings
#18
REVIEW
Jennifer K Harrison, David J Stott, Rupert McShane, Anna H Noel-Storr, Rhiannon S Swann-Price, Terry J Quinn
BACKGROUND: The Informant Questionnaire for Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE) is a structured interview based on informant responses that is used to assess for possible dementia. IQCODE has been used for retrospective or contemporaneous assessment of cognitive decline. There is considerable interest in tests that may identify those at future risk of developing dementia. Assessing a population free of dementia for the prospective development of dementia is an approach often used in studies of dementia biomarkers...
November 21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859536/dual-character-concepts-in-social-cognition-commitments-and-the-normative-dimension-of-conceptual-representation
#19
Guillermo Del Pinal, Kevin Reuter
The concepts expressed by social role terms such as artist and scientist are unique in that they seem to allow two independent criteria for categorization, one of which is inherently normative (Knobe, Prasada, & Newman, 2013). This study presents and tests an account of the content and structure of the normative dimension of these "dual character concepts." Experiment 1 suggests that the normative dimension of a social role concept represents the commitment to fulfill the idealized basic function associated with the role...
November 17, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858423/energy-dissipation-during-diffusion-at-metal-surfaces-disentangling-the-role-of-phonons-versus-electron-hole-pairs
#20
Simon P Rittmeyer, David J Ward, Patrick Gütlein, John Ellis, William Allison, Karsten Reuter
Helium spin echo experiments combined with ab initio based Langevin molecular dynamics simulations are used to quantify the adsorbate-substrate coupling during the thermal diffusion of Na atoms on Cu(111). An analysis of trajectories within the local density friction approximation allows the contribution from electron-hole pair excitations to be separated from the total energy dissipation. Despite the minimal electronic friction coefficient of Na and the relatively small mass mismatch to Cu promoting efficient phononic dissipation, about (20±5)% of the total energy loss is attributable to electronic friction...
November 4, 2016: Physical Review Letters
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