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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054042/spontaneous-hemoperitoneum-in-pregnancy-ship-and-endometriosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-recent-literature
#1
REVIEW
Marit C I Lier, Romana F Malik, Johannes C F Ket, Cornelis B Lambalk, Ivo A Brosens, Velja Mijatovic
Spontaneous Hemoperitoneum in Pregnancy (SHiP), an unprovoked (nontraumatic) intraperitoneal bleeding in pregnancy (up to 42days postpartum), is associated with serious adverse pregnancy outcomes. To evaluate the clinical consequences of SHiP and its association with endometriosis, a systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Embase.com and Thomson Reuters/Web of Science were searched for articles published since the latest review (August 2008) until September 2016. After assessment for eligibility, forty-four articles were included in this systematic review, describing 59 cases of SHiP...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052046/headache-and-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#2
A Negro, Z Delaruelle, T A Ivanova, S Khan, R Ornello, B Raffaelli, A Terrin, U Reuter, D D Mitsikostas
This systematic review summarizes the existing data on headache and pregnancy with a scope on clinical headache phenotypes, treatment of headaches in pregnancy and effects of headache medications on the child during pregnancy and breastfeeding, headache related complications, and diagnostics of headache in pregnancy. Headache during pregnancy can be both primary and secondary, and in the last case can be a symptom of a life-threatening condition. The most common secondary headaches are stroke, cerebral venous thrombosis, subarachnoid hemorrhage, pituitary tumor, choriocarcinoma, eclampsia, preeclampsia, idiopathic intracranial hypertension, and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049339/reliability-of-transcardiopulmonary-thermodilution-cardiac-output-measurement-in-experimental-aortic-valve-insufficiency
#3
Martin Petzoldt, Constantin J Trepte, Jan Ridder, Stefan Maisch, Philipp Klapsing, Jan F Kersten, Hans Peter Richter, Jens C Kubitz, Daniel A Reuter, Matthias S Goepfert
BACKGROUND: Monitoring cardiac output (CO) is important to optimize hemodynamic function in critically ill patients. The prevalence of aortic valve insufficiency (AI) is rising in the aging population. However, reliability of CO monitoring techniques in AI is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of AI on accuracy, precision, and trending ability of transcardiopulmonary thermodilution-derived COTCPTD in comparison with pulmonary artery catheter thermodilution COPAC...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046003/-ffr-guided-revascularisation-pros-and-cons
#4
Hannes Reuter, Stephan Baldus
An invasive measurement of the fractional flow reserve (FFR) allows the valuation of the individual risk for ischemic events in patients with coronary artery disease. Therefore, FFR has become a valuable tool to guide coronary revascularisations. The cut-off value ≤ 0.80 has been validated in many different subsets of patients. However, FFR values describe a risk continuum with an inverse correlation between FFR value and the risk of events. So FFR should always be interpreted regarding the patient's clinical context, especially in patients with a high risk for rapid disease progression...
October 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037291/the-devil-we-know-is-the-use-of-injectable-agents-for-the-treatment-of-mdr-tb-justified
#5
A Reuter, P Tisile, D von Delft, H Cox, V Cox, L Ditiu, A Garcia-Prats, S Koenig, E Lessem, R Nathavitharana, J A Seddon, J Stillo, A von Delft, J Furin
For decades, second-line injectable agents (IAs) have been the cornerstone of treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Although evidence on the efficacy of IAs is limited, there is an expanding body of evidence on the serious adverse events caused by these drugs. Here, we present the results of a structured literature review of the safety and efficacy of IAs. We review the continued widespread use of these agents in the context of therapeutic alternatives-most notably the newer TB drugs, bedaquiline and delamanid-and from the context of human rights, ethics and patient-centered care...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031826/the-top-100-cited-of-injury-international-journal-of-the-care-of-the-injured-a-bibliometric-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Peng Luo, Ding Xu, Jia Wu, Yi-Heng Chen, Roman Pfeifer, Hans-Christoph Pape
BACKGROUND: With nearly 50 years' of development, Injury has become one of the leading journals in its specialty. The aim of this article is to identify, analyze the characteristics of the 100 most cited articles published by the journal to date. METHOD: We searched the Thomson Reuters Web of Science Core Collection for citations of all articles published in Injury since its launch. For the Top 100 most frequently cited articles, title, author name, number of authors, publishing date, citation number, country of origin, institution, pages, number of reference, type of article, study topic, study design, funding source, and level of evidence of each clinical article were recorded and analyzed...
October 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030317/biopsy-core-features-are-poor-predictors-of-adverse-pathology-in-men-with-grade-group-1-prostate-cancer
#7
François Audenet, Emily A Vertosick, Samson W Fine, Daniel D Sjoberg, Andrew J Vickers, Victor E Reuter, James A Eastham, Peter T Scardino, Karim A Touijer
PURPOSE: Active surveillance (AS) is often restricted to patients with low-risk prostate cancer (PCa) with three or fewer positive cores. We aimed to identify predictors of adverse pathology for low-risk PCa treated with radical prostatectomy (RP) and to determine if a threshold number of positive cores could help the decision process for AS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 3,359 men with low-risk PCa underwent RP between January 2000 and August 2016. We analyzed the relationship between biopsy core features and adverse pathology at RP, defined as grade group (GrdGrp) ≥3, seminal vesicle invasion (SVI), or lymph node involvement (LNI)...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026655/sharing-of-carbapenemase-encoding-plasmids-between-enterobacteriaceae-in-uk-sewage-uncovered-by-minion-sequencing
#8
Catherine Ludden, Sandra Reuter, Kim Judge, Theodore Gouliouris, Beth Blane, Francesc Coll, Plamena Naydenova, Martin Hunt, Alan Tracey, Katie L Hopkins, Nicholas M Brown, Neil Woodford, Julian Parkhill, Sharon J Peacock
Dissemination of carbapenem resistance among pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria is a looming medical emergency. Efficient spread of resistance within and between bacterial species is facilitated by mobile genetic elements. We hypothesized that wastewater contributes to the dissemination of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE), and studied this through a cross-sectional observational study of wastewater in the East of England. We isolated clinically relevant species of CPE in untreated and treated wastewater, confirming that waste treatment does not prevent release of CPE into the environment...
July 2017: Microbial Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026654/population-genetic-structuring-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-clone-emrsa-15-within-uk-reflects-patient-referral-patterns
#9
Tjibbe Donker, Sandra Reuter, James Scriberras, Rosy Reynolds, Nicholas M Brown, M Estée Török, Richard James, East Of England Microbiology Research Network, David M Aanensen, Stephen D Bentley, Matthew T G Holden, Julian Parkhill, Brian G Spratt, Sharon J Peacock, Edward J Feil, Hajo Grundmann
Antibiotic resistance forms a serious threat to the health of hospitalised patients, rendering otherwise treatable bacterial infections potentially life-threatening. A thorough understanding of the mechanisms by which resistance spreads between patients in different hospitals is required in order to design effective control strategies. We measured the differences between bacterial populations of 52 hospitals in the United Kingdom and Ireland, using whole-genome sequences from 1085 MRSA clonal complex 22 isolates collected between 1998 and 2012...
July 2017: Microbial Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018007/clinical-characteristics-of-the-gla-n215s-variant-and-implications-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-nonclassic-fabry-disease
#10
EDITORIAL
Chloe Reuter, Julia Platt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016731/electrical-coupling-between-ventricular-myocytes-and-myofibroblasts-in-the-infarcted-mouse-heart
#11
Michael Rubart, Wen Tao, Xiao-Long Lu, Simon J Conway, Sean P Reuter, Shien-Fong Lin, Mark H Soonpaa
Aims: Recent studies have demonstrated electrotonic coupling between scar tissue and the surrounding myocardium in cryoinjured hearts. However, the electrical dynamics occurring at the myocyte-nonmyocyte interface in the fibrotic heart remain undefined. Here, we sought to develop an assay to interrogate the nonmyocyte cell type contributing to heterocellular coupling and to characterize, on a cellular scale, its voltage response in the infarct border zone of living hearts. Methods and results: We used two-photon laser scanning microscopy in conjunction with a voltage-sensitive dye to record transmembrane voltage changes simultaneously from cardiomyocytes and adjoined nonmyocytes in Langendorff-perfused mouse hearts with healing myocardial infarction...
September 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016618/nigrosome-1-visibility-at-susceptibility-weighted-7t-mri-a-dependable-diagnostic-marker-for-parkinson-s-disease-or-merely-an-inconsistent-age-dependent-imaging-finding
#12
Carolin Gramsch, Iris Reuter, Oliver Kraff, Harald H Quick, Christian Tanislav, Florian Roessler, Cornelius Deuschl, Michael Forsting, Marc Schlamann
BACKGROUND: Visualisation of nigrosome 1, a substructure of the healthy substantia nigra, was restricted in susceptibility weighted MR imaging in almost all patients with Parkinson's disease studied so far. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of visibility of this substructure in subjects without Parkinson's disease and to examine the potential link between increasing brain iron accumulation with age and its detectability. METHODS: In 46 subjects (21 women, 25 men; 19 to 75 y; mean age: 44...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991915/analysing-published-global-ebola-virus-disease-research-using-social-network-analysis
#13
Christiane Hagel, Felix Weidemann, Stephan Gauch, Suzanne Edwards, Peter Tinnemann
INTRODUCTION: The 2014/2015 West African Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak attracted global attention. Numerous opinions claimed that the global response was impaired, in part because, the EVD research was neglected, although quantitative or qualitative studies did not exist. Our objective was to analyse how the EVD research landscape evolved by exploring the existing research network and its communities before and during the outbreak in West Africa. METHODS/ PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Social network analysis (SNA) was used to analyse collaborations between institutions named by co-authors as affiliations in publications on EVD...
October 9, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988769/comprehensive-molecular-characterization-of-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#14
A Gordon Robertson, Jaegil Kim, Hikmat Al-Ahmadie, Joaquim Bellmunt, Guangwu Guo, Andrew D Cherniack, Toshinori Hinoue, Peter W Laird, Katherine A Hoadley, Rehan Akbani, Mauro A A Castro, Ewan A Gibb, Rupa S Kanchi, Dmitry A Gordenin, Sachet A Shukla, Francisco Sanchez-Vega, Donna E Hansel, Bogdan A Czerniak, Victor E Reuter, Xiaoping Su, Benilton de Sa Carvalho, Vinicius S Chagas, Karen L Mungall, Sara Sadeghi, Chandra Sekhar Pedamallu, Yiling Lu, Leszek J Klimczak, Jiexin Zhang, Caleb Choo, Akinyemi I Ojesina, Susan Bullman, Kristen M Leraas, Tara M Lichtenberg, Catherine J Wu, Nicholaus Schultz, Gad Getz, Matthew Meyerson, Gordon B Mills, David J McConkey, John N Weinstein, David J Kwiatkowski, Seth P Lerner
We report a comprehensive analysis of 412 muscle-invasive bladder cancers characterized by multiple TCGA analytical platforms. Fifty-eight genes were significantly mutated, and the overall mutational load was associated with APOBEC-signature mutagenesis. Clustering by mutation signature identified a high-mutation subset with 75% 5-year survival. mRNA expression clustering refined prior clustering analyses and identified a poor-survival "neuronal" subtype in which the majority of tumors lacked small cell or neuroendocrine histology...
October 19, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983538/ligand-displacement-induced-morphologies-in-block-copolymer-quantum-dot-hybrids-and-formation-of-core-shell-hybrid-nanoobjects
#15
Sajan Singh, Pratick Samanta, Rajiv Srivastava, Andriy Horechyy, Uta Reuter, Manfred Stamm, Hsin-Lung Chen, Bhanu Nandan
We investigate the self-assembly of a cylinder-forming polystyrene-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P4VP) block copolymer (BCP) mixed with trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) capped cadmium selenide (CdSe) quantum dots (QDs). The QDs were found to be enthalpically compatible with the P4VP chains via ligand displacement of TOPO from the QD surface. However, the QDs were found to localize preferentially at the PS/P4VP interphase plausibly to gain translational entropy in order to further lower the energetics of the self-assembled structure...
October 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981957/the-role-of-high-frequency-oscillations-in-epilepsy-surgery-planning
#16
REVIEW
David Gloss, Sarah J Nevitt, Richard Staba
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a serious brain disorder characterized by recurrent unprovoked seizures. Approximately two-thirds of seizures can be controlled with antiepileptic medications (Kwan 2000). For some of the others, surgery can completely eliminate or significantly reduce the occurrence of disabling seizures. Localization of epileptogenic areas for resective surgery is far from perfect, and new tools are being investigated to more accurately localize the epileptogenic zone (the zone of the brain where the seizures begin) and improve the likelihood of freedom from postsurgical seizures...
October 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981845/response-of-the-greek-early-warning-system-reuter-stokes-ionization-chambers-to-terrestrial-and-cosmic-radiation-evaluated-in-comparison-with-spectroscopic-data-and-time-series-analysis
#17
F Leontaris, A Clouvas, S Xanthos, A Maltezos, C Potiriadis, E Kiriakopoulos, J Guilhot
The Telemetric Early Warning System Network of the Greek Atomic Energy Commission consists mainly of a network of 24 Reuter-Stokes high-pressure ionization chambers (HPIC) for gamma dose rate measurements and covers all Greece. In the present work, the response of the Reuter-Stokes HPIC to terrestrial and cosmic radiation was evaluated in comparison with spectroscopic data obtained by in situ gamma spectrometry measurements with portable hyper pure Germanium detectors (HPGe), near the Reuter-Stokes detectors and time series analysis...
August 10, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980486/comparison-of-near-infrared-spectroscopy-with-needle-indentation-and-histology-for-the-determination-of-cartilage-thickness-in-the-large-animal-model-sheep
#18
Victoria Horbert, Matthias Lange, Thomas Reuter, Martin Hoffmann, Sabine Bischoff, Juliane Borowski, Harald Schubert, Dominik Driesch, Joerg Mika, Christof Hurschler, Raimund W Kinne
The suitability of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for non-destructive measurement of cartilage thickness was compared with the gold standard needle indentation. A combination of NIRS and biomechanical indentation (NIRS-B) was used to address the influence of varying loads routinely applied for hand-guided NIRS during real-life surgery on the accuracy of NIRS-based thickness prediction. NIRS-B was performed under three different loading conditions in 40 osteochondral cylinders from the load-bearing area of the medial and lateral femur condyle of 20 cadaver joints (left stifle joints; female Merino sheep; 6...
October 1, 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979699/autophagy-plays-a-protective-role-in-motor-neuron-degeneration-following-spinal-cord-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-spastic-paralysis
#19
Li Wang, Dongliang Feng, Yuan Liu, Sen Li, Long Jiang, Zaiyun Long, Yamin Wu
Spinal cord ischemia and reperfusion (SCIR) injury can lead to neurologic dysfunction and paraplegia, which are serious complications after shock or thoracoabdominal aortic surgery. Autophagy is a fundamental cellular process in eukaryotes, and homeostasis of autophagic activities in the cytoplasm is critical for the maintenance of neuronal function. To date, no studies have addressed the involvement of autophagy in the regulation of motor neurons in the ventral horn of the spinal cord area following SCIR-induced spastic paralysis or the underlying mechanisms of this process...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974485/development-of-a-questionnaire-to-measure-the-attitudes-of-laypeople-physicians-and-psychotherapists-toward-telemedicine-in-mental-health
#20
Peter Tonn, Silja Christin Reuter, Isabelle Kuchler, Britta Reinke, Lena Hinkelmann, Saskia Stöckigt, Hanna Siemoneit, Nina Schulze
BACKGROUND: In the field of psychiatry and psychotherapy, there are now a growing number of Web-based interventions, mobile phone apps, or treatments that are available via remote transmission screen worldwide. Many of these interventions have been shown to be effective in studies but still find little use in everyday therapeutic work. However, it is important that attitude and expectation toward this treatment are generally examined, because these factors have an important effect on the efficacy of the treatment...
October 3, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
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