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Metabolic disorders and renal function

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493902/circulating-levels-of-sclerostin-but-not-dkk1-associate-with-laboratory-parameters-of-ckd-mbd
#1
Geert J Behets, Liesbeth Viaene, Björn Meijers, Frank Blocki, Vincent M Brandenburg, Anja Verhulst, Patrick C D'Haese, Pieter Evenepoel
INTRODUCTION: Mounting evidence indicates that a disturbed Wnt-β-catenin signaling may be involved in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone and mineral disorder (CKD-MBD). Data on the impact of CKD on circulating levels of the Wnt antagonists sclerostin and Dickkopf related protein 1 (DKK1) and the relationship with laboratory parameters of CKD-MBD are incomplete. METHODS: We analyzed serum sclerostin and DKK1 in 308 patients across the stages of chronic kidney disease (kDOQI stage 1-2 n = 41; CKD stage 3 n = 54; CKD stage 4-5 n = 54; hemodialysis n = 100; peritoneal dialysis n = 59) as well as in 49 healthy controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487070/noncoding-rna-and-epigenetic-gene-regulation-in-renal-disease
#2
REVIEW
Satya K Kota, Savithri B Kota
Kidneys have a major role in normal physiology and metabolic homeostasis. Loss or impairment of kidney function is a common occurrence in several metabolic disorders, including hypertension and diabetes. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affect nearly 10% of the population worldwide; ranks 18th in the list of causes of death; and contributes to a significant proportion of healthcare costs. The tissue repair and regenerative potential of kidneys are limited and they decline during aging. Recent studies have demonstrated a key role for epigenetic processes and players, such as DNA methylation, histone modifications, noncoding (nc)RNA, and so on, in both kidney development and disease...
May 6, 2017: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480485/long-term-lithium-treatment-in-bipolar-disorder-effects-on-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-other-metabolic-parameters
#3
Leonardo Tondo, Maria Abramowicz, Martin Alda, Michael Bauer, Alberto Bocchetta, Lorenza Bolzani, Cynthia V Calkin, Caterina Chillotti, Diego Hidalgo-Mazzei, Mirko Manchia, Bruno Müller-Oerlinghausen, Andrea Murru, Giulio Perugi, Marco Pinna, Giuseppe Quaranta, Daniela Reginaldi, Andreas Reif, Philipp Ritter, Janusz K Rybakowski, David Saiger, Gabriele Sani, Valerio Selle, Thomas Stamm, Gustavo H Vázquez, Julia Veeh, Eduard Vieta, Ross J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: Concerns about potential adverse effects of long-term exposure to lithium as a mood-stabilizing treatment notably include altered renal function. However, the incidence of severe renal dysfunction; rate of decline over time; effects of lithium dose, serum concentration, and duration of treatment; relative effects of lithium exposure vs. aging; and contributions of sex and other factors all remain unclear. METHODS: Accordingly, we acquired data from 12 collaborating international sites and 312 bipolar disorder patients (6142 person-years, 2669 assays) treated with lithium carbonate for 8-48 (mean 18) years and aged 20-89 (mean 56) years...
December 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469921/gonadotrophin-abnormalities-in-an-infant-with-lowe-syndrome
#4
Bronwen E Warner, Carol D Inward, Christine P Burren
SUMMARY: This case, presenting with bilateral impalpable testes, illustrates the relevance of a broad differential disorders of sex development case management. It provides new insights on hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis and testicular function abnormalities in the multisystem disorder of Lowe syndrome. Lowe syndrome, also known as oculocerebrorenal syndrome, is a rare disorder characterised by eye abnormalities, central nervous system involvement and proximal renal tubular acidosis...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465704/huang-gan-formula-eliminates-the-oxidative-stress-effects-of-advanced-oxidation-protein-products-on-the-divergent-regulation-of-the-expression-of-ages-receptors-via-the-jak2-stat3-pathway
#5
Quanwen Deng, Can Bu, Liqian Mo, Bin Lv, Shaolian Song, Xiaoyan Xiao, Guo Dan, Xixiao Yang
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a high prevalence and low cure rate and represents a significant health issue. Oxidative stress is common in CKD due to metabolic disorders, inflammation, and impaired renal function changing normal proteins into advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs). Huang Gan formula (HGF) is a new type of traditional Chinese herbal medicine. Although we previously investigated the protective effects of HGF against oxidative stress, the mechanism of HGF in CKD is still not fully understood...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429555/management-of-mineral-and-bone-disorders-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#6
Matthew J Damasiewicz, Peter R Ebeling
The management of post-transplantation bone disease is a complex problem that remains under-appreciated in clinical practice. In these patients, pre-existing metabolic bone disorder is further impacted by the use of immunosuppressive medications (glucocorticoids and calcineurin-inhibitors), variable post-transplantation renal allograft function and post-transplantation diabetes mellitus. The treatment of post-transplantation bone loss should begin pre-transplantation. All patients active on transplant waiting lists should be screened for bone disease...
March 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424375/mitochondria-a-central-target-for-sex-differences-in-pathologies
#7
REVIEW
Renée Ventura-Clapier, Maryline Moulin, Jérôme Piquereau, Christophe Lemaire, Mathias Mericskay, Vladimir Veksler, Anne Garnier
It is increasingly acknowledged that a sex and gender specificity affects the occurrence, development, and consequence of a plethora of pathologies. Mitochondria are considered as the powerhouse of the cell because they produce the majority of energy-rich phosphate bonds in the form of adenosine tri-phosphate (ATP) but they also participate in many other functions like steroid hormone synthesis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, ionic regulation, and cell death. Adequate cellular energy supply and survival depend on mitochondrial life cycle, a process involving mitochondrial biogenesis, dynamics, and quality control via mitophagy...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409340/drosophila-malpighian-tubules-a-model-for-understanding-kidney-development-function-and-disease
#8
Naveen Kumar Gautam, Puja Verma, Madhu G Tapadia
The Malpighian tubules of insects are structurally simple but functionally important organs, and their integrity is important for the normal excretory process. They are functional analogs of human kidneys which are important physiological organs as they maintain water and electrolyte balance in the blood and simultaneously help the body to get rid of waste and toxic products after various metabolic activities. In addition, it receives early indications of insults to the body such as immune challenge and other toxic components and is essential for sustaining life...
2017: Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408161/novel-thyroid-hormone-analogues-enzyme-inhibitors-and-mimetics-and-their-action
#9
REVIEW
Santanu Mondal, Govindasamy Mugesh
Thyroid hormones (THs) play key roles in modulating the overall metabolism of the body, protein synthesis, fat metabolism, neuronal and bone growth, and cardiovascular as well as renal functions. In this review, we discuss on the thyroid hormone synthesis and activation, thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) and mechanism of action, applications of thyroid hormone analogues, particularly the compounds that are selective ligands for TRβ receptors, or enzyme inhibitors for the treatment of thyroidal disorders with a specific focus on thyroid peroxidase and iodothyronine deiodinases...
April 11, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403850/rationale-and-design-of-a-multicenter-placebo-controlled-double-blind-randomized-trial-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-empagliflozin-on-endothelial-function-the-emblem-trial
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Atsushi Tanaka, Michio Shimabukuro, Yosuke Okada, Isao Taguchi, Minako Yamaoka-Tojo, Hirofumi Tomiyama, Hiroki Teragawa, Seigo Sugiyama, Hisako Yoshida, Yasunori Sato, Atsushi Kawaguchi, Yumi Ikehara, Noritaka Machii, Tatsuya Maruhashi, Kosuke R Shima, Toshinari Takamura, Yasushi Matsuzawa, Kazuo Kimura, Masashi Sakuma, Jun-Ichi Oyama, Teruo Inoue, Yukihito Higashi, Shinichiro Ueda, Koichi Node
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by systemic metabolic abnormalities and the development of micro- and macrovascular complications, resulting in a shortened life expectancy. A recent cardiovascular (CV) safety trial, the EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial, showed that empagliflozin, a sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, markedly reduced CV death and all-cause mortality and hospitalization for heart failure in patients with T2DM and established CV disease (CVD)...
April 12, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390001/defective-glycolysis-and-the-use-of-2-deoxy-d-glucose-in-polycystic-kidney-disease-from-animal-models-to-humans
#11
REVIEW
Riccardo Magistroni, Alessandra Boletta
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is an inherited renal disease characterized by bilateral renal cyst formation. ADPKD is one of the most common rare disorders, accounting for ~10% of all patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ADPKD is a chronic disorder in which the gradual expansion of cysts that form in a minority of nephrons eventually causes loss of renal function due to the compression and degeneration of the surrounding normal parenchyma. Numerous deranged pathways have been identified in the cyst-lining epithelia, prompting the design of potential therapies...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288174/poor-phenotype-genotype-association-in-a-large-series-of-patients-with-type-iii-bartter-syndrome
#12
Alejandro García Castaño, Gustavo Pérez de Nanclares, Leire Madariaga, Mireia Aguirre, Álvaro Madrid, Sara Chocrón, Inmaculada Nadal, Mercedes Navarro, Elena Lucas, Julia Fijo, Mar Espino, Zilac Espitaletta, Víctor García Nieto, David Barajas de Frutos, Reyner Loza, Guillem Pintos, Luis Castaño, Gema Ariceta
INTRODUCTION: Type III Bartter syndrome (BS) is an autosomal recessive renal tubule disorder caused by loss-of-function mutations in the CLCNKB gene, which encodes the chloride channel protein ClC-Kb. In this study, we carried out a complete clinical and genetic characterization in a cohort of 30 patients, one of the largest series described. By comparing with other published populations, and considering that 80% of our patients presented the p.Ala204Thr Spanish founder mutation presumably associated with a common phenotype, we aimed to test the hypothesis that allelic differences could explain the wide phenotypic variability observed in patients with type III BS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223235/interleukin-32-inflammation-and-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Jin Tae Hong, Dong Ju Son, Chong Kil Lee, Do-Young Yoon, Dong Hun Lee, Mi Hee Park
Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is a novel cytokine involved in inflammation and cancer development. IL-32 gene consists of eight small exons, and IL-32 mRNA has nine alternative spliced isoforms, and was thought to be secreted because it contains an internal signal sequence and lacks a transmembrane region. IL-32 is initially expressed selectively in activated T cells by mitogen and activated NK cells and their expression is strongly augmented by microbes, mitogens, and other cytokines. The IL-32 is induced mainly by pathogens and pro-inflammatory cytokines, but IL-32 is more prominent in immune cells than in non-immune tissues...
February 14, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209604/birth-size-risk-factors-across-life-and-cognition-in-late-life-protocol-of-prospective-longitudinal-follow-up-of-the-mynah-mysore-studies-of-natal-effects-on-ageing-and-health-cohort
#14
Murali Krishna, G Mohan Kumar, S R Veena, G V Krishnaveni, Kalyanaraman Kumaran, Samuel Christaprasad Karat, Patsy Coakley, Clive Osmond, John R M Copeland, Giriraj Chandak, Dattatray Bhat, Mathew Varghese, Martin Prince, Caroline Fall
INTRODUCTION: For late-life neurocognitive disorders, as for other late-life chronic diseases, much recent interest has focused on the possible relevance of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD). Programming by undernutrition in utero, followed by overnutrition in adult life may lead to an increased risk, possibly mediated through cardiovascular and metabolic pathways. This study will specifically examine, if lower birth weight is associated with poorer cognitive functioning in late life in a south Indian population...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209494/effect-of-early-onset-preeclampsia-on-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-fifth-decade-of-life
#15
Anouk Bokslag, Pim W Teunissen, Constantijn Franssen, Floortje van Kesteren, Otto Kamp, Wessel Ganzevoort, Walter J Paulus, Christianne J M de Groot
BACKGROUND: Women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, in particular early-onset preeclampsia, are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease later in life. These women have a more than 2-fold increased risk of dying from cardiovascular diseases. Most studies have focused on identification of risk factors shortly after pregnancy. Less is known on the prevalence of risk factors or actual signs of cardiovascular disease 5-20 years later. The presence of hypertension or metabolic syndrome can be seen as an opportunity for preventive interventions to reduce the development of severe cardiovascular diseases like myocardial infarction and stroke...
May 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209079/acid-base-disorders-after-orthotopic-bladder-replacement-comparison-of-an-ileal-neobladder-and-an-ileal-conduit
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
AJin Cho, Seung Min Lee, Jung Woo Noh, Don Kyoung Choi, Yongseong Lee, Sung Tae Cho, Ki Kyung Kim, Young Goo Lee, Young Ki Lee
OBJECTIVES: For many years, creation of an orthotopic neobladder after cystectomy has been popular. In the present study, we measured the extent of metabolic acidosis in patients with ileal neobladders compared with ileal conduits and defined risk factors for development of metabolic acidosis. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 95 patients, who underwent radical cystectomy and urinary diversion to treat invasive bladder cancer from January 2001 to December 2014 at Hallym University Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, through investigation of acid-base balance, serum electrolyte levels and renal function one month and one year after operation...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165343/sphingosine-1-phosphate-lyase-mutations-cause-primary-adrenal-insufficiency-and-steroid-resistant-nephrotic-syndrome
#17
Rathi Prasad, Irene Hadjidemetriou, Avinaash Maharaj, Eirini Meimaridou, Federica Buonocore, Moin Saleem, Jenny Hurcombe, Agnieszka Bierzynska, Eliana Barbagelata, Ignacio Bergadá, Hamilton Cassinelli, Urmi Das, Ruth Krone, Bulent Hacihamdioglu, Erkan Sari, Ediz Yesilkaya, Helen L Storr, Maria Clemente, Monica Fernandez-Cancio, Nuria Camats, Nanik Ram, John C Achermann, Paul P Van Veldhoven, Leonardo Guasti, Debora Braslavsky, Tulay Guran, Louise A Metherell
Primary adrenal insufficiency is life threatening and can present alone or in combination with other comorbidities. Here, we have described a primary adrenal insufficiency syndrome and steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome caused by loss-of-function mutations in sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase (SGPL1). SGPL1 executes the final decisive step of the sphingolipid breakdown pathway, mediating the irreversible cleavage of the lipid-signaling molecule sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P). Mutations in other upstream components of the pathway lead to harmful accumulation of lysosomal sphingolipid species, which are associated with a series of conditions known as the sphingolipidoses...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123300/the-association-of-nephrolithiasis-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#18
Yen-Tze Liu, Pei-Yu Yang, Yu-Wen Yang, Hung-Yu Sun, I-Ching Lin
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is a worldwide disorder and also the major risk factor of several systemic diseases. Evidence identifying the association between metabolic syndrome and nephrolithiasis is lacking, especially in Taiwan. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between nephrolithiasis and metabolic syndrome and its components. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in the Health Examination Department of a medical center in Changhua, Taiwan, from January 2010 to December 2010...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097080/immunoglobulin-m-nephropathy-in-a-patient-with-wilson-s-disease
#19
Zain Ul Abideen, Zoya Sajjad, Asna Haroon Khan, Nadira Mamoon, Muhammad Bilal, Khaja Hameeduddin Mujtaba Quadri
Immunoglobulin M nephropathy (IgMN) is characterized by the deposition of immunoglobulin M in a dominant distribution in the renal glomeruli. Primary immunoglobulin M nephropathy is diagnosed after consistent light microscopy (LM), immunofluorescence (IF), electron microscopy (EM) results, and exclusion of known systemic disorders causing immunoglobulin M deposition in the glomeruli. The secondary disease has been reported with a few conditions though it has never been reported with any primary disease of the liver...
December 13, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095294/a-novel-slc12a1-gene-mutation-associated-with-hyperparathyroidism-hypercalcemia-nephrogenic-diabetes-insipidus-and-nephrocalcinosis-in-four-patients
#20
Sariya Wongsaengsak, Alaina P Vidmar, Ananta Addala, Elaine S Kamil, Paola Sequeira, Benjamin Fass, Pisit Pitukcheewanont
Solute Carrier Family 12 member 1 (SLC12A1) gene encodes the sodium-potassium-chloride co-transporter (NKCC2) at the apical membrane of the thick ascending loop of Henle (TAL). Bartter's syndrome (BS) type I is a rare, autosomal recessive, renal tubular disorder associated with mutation of the SLC12A1 gene. Presenting features include: hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis. The many allelic variants reported present with a spectrum of phenotypes, biochemical abnormalities and clinical severities...
January 14, 2017: Bone
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