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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776437/coenzyme-q10-combined-with-trimetazidine-in-the-prevention-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-complicated-with-renal-dysfunction-undergoing-elective-cardiac-catheterization-a-randomized-control-study-and-in-vivo-study
#1
Fei Chen, Fan Liu, Jingchao Lu, Xiuchun Yang, Bing Xiao, Yaqiong Jin, Jie Zhang
BACKGROUND: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is one of the common hospital-acquired acute renal failures. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and trimetazidine (TMZ) can prevent the occurrence of CIN after elective cardiac catheterization in patients with coronary artery disease complicated with renal dysfunction. METHODS: Consecutive coronary artery disease patients with renal insufficiency scheduled for coronary angiography were enrolled in randomized, paralleled, double-blind, controlled trial...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774142/comparison-of-mri-and-123-i-fp-cit-spect-for-the-evaluation-of-msa-p-clinical-severity
#2
Miki Nishimori, Yoriko Murata, Hitomi Iwasa, Kana Miyatake, Michiko Tadokoro, Shino Kohsaki, Munenobu Nogami, Norihiko Hamada, Hitoshi Ninomiya, Yasushi Osaki, Hirokazu Furuya, Takuji Yamagami
The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 123 I-labeled 2β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl)-N-(3-fluoropropyl)nortropane single photon emission computed tomography (123 I-FP-CIT SPECT) for determining the clinical severity of patients with multiple system atrophy with Parkinsonism (MSA-P). MRI and 123 I-FP-CIT SPECT images from 17 patients with MSA-P as diagnosed using the Unified MSA Rating Scale part IV (UMSARS IV) score were compared. Brain MRI scans were available for all 17 patients and 123 I-FP-CIT SPECT images were available for 12 patients...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771438/methylene-blue-attenuates-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-negative-regulation-of-nlrp3-signaling-pathway
#3
J-J Liu, L Lu, F-Q Hu, H Yuan, Q Xu, Y-F Qin, J-H Gong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of methylene blue (MB) on renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in mice and its possible relevant mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 male C57/BL6 mice aged 4 months old were randomly divided into the following three groups: Sham group (n=10), IR group (n=10), and MB group (n=10). Mice in MB group were treated with gavage continuously using methylene blue solution (dosage: 25 mg·kg-1·d-1) until they were 7 months old...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768998/tuber-lectins-with-potentially-exploitable-bioactivities
#4
Randy Chi Fai Cheung, Tzi Bun Ng, Jack Ho Wong, Ryno Naude, Krzysztof Rolka, Tak Fu Tse, Helen Chan, Ryan Tse, Stephen Cho Wing Sze
Lectins are a group of proteins or glycoproteins with various potentially exploitable bioactivities and have been capturing more interest recently. They have been isolated and reported from various tissues of a diversity of plant species. Tubers are modified and enlarged plant structures derived from stems or roots that are used for nutrient storage and asexual reproduction. A number of plants such as yam, taro and potato are grown for their edible tubers, and lectins are found to be one of the major storage proteins...
May 16, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767114/effects-of-physical-form-of-diet-on-nutrient-digestibility-rumen-fermentation-rumination-growth-performance-and-protozoa-population-of-finishing-lambs
#5
Elham Karimizadeh, Morteza Chaji, Tahereh Mohammadabadi
This study was conducted to compare effects of 3 physical forms of feed including mash (diet 1), pellet (diet 2) and complete feed block (CFB; diet 3) on digestion, fermentation and performance of lambs. Twenty-one lambs with an initial average body weight of 26 ± 2.5 kg and 6 ± 1.5 months of age were assigned through a completely randomized design to 3 treatments and 7 replicates. The experimental treatments had the same formulation. The results of present experiment showed that CFB significantly increased feed intake and nutrient digestibility ( P  < 0...
June 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764548/-effects-of-different-core-temperatures-after-heat-strike-on-serum-inflammatory-cytokines-and-multiple-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-in-rats
#6
Qinghua Li, Rongqing Sun, Hongdi Lyu, Dexin Shen, Qing Hu, Haiwei Wang, Nannan Wang, Jin Yan, Jing Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of different core temperatures (Tc) after heat strike on serum inflammatory cytokines and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in rat. METHODS: 120 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into normal control group (n = 30) and heat strike group (n = 90). The rats in heat strike group were put into simulated thermal climate animal module after adaptive training. The module temperature was raised to 39 centigrade in 30 minutes with 65% humidity...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763682/melatonin-attenuates-arsenic-induced-nephropathy-via-the-regulation-of-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-signaling-cascades-in-mice
#7
Sayanta Dutta, Sukanya Saha, Sushweta Mahalanobish, Pritam Sadhukhan, Parames C Sil
Arsenic is a potent inducer of several acute and chronic nephrotoxic disorders. It promotes deleterious phenomenon like oxidative stress, inflammation, cell death and altered glucose uptake leading to distorted kidney homeostasis that end up in chronic kidney disease. This study investigated the possible protective role of melatonin; a natural antioxidant produced by the pineal gland, against arsenic induced nephrotoxicity. Melatonin successfully ameliorated arsenic induced renal toxicity both in in vitro and in vivo models...
May 12, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759105/the-glycaemic-index-and-insulinaemic-index-of-commercially-available-breakfast-and-snack-foods-in-an-asian-population
#8
Wei Shuan Kimberly Tan, Wei Jie Kevin Tan, Shalini D/O Ponnalagu, Katie Koecher, Ravi Menon, Sze-Yen Tan, Christiani J Henry
A low-glycaemic-index (GI) breakfast has been shown to lower blood glucose levels throughout the day. A wide variety of breakfast foods are consumed, but their GI values are largely unknown, hence limiting consumers' ability to select healthier options. This study investigated the GI values of ten common breakfast (five Asian and five Western) foods in this region using a randomised, cross-over study design. Participants arrived after an overnight fast, and fasting blood sample was taken before participants consumed test foods...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758935/blood-urea-nitrogen-bun-independently-predicts-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients-admitted-to-icu-a-multicenter-study
#9
Bernhard Wernly, Michael Lichtenauer, Namkje A R Vellinga, E Christiaan Boerma, Can Ince, Malte Kelm, Christian Jung
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Microcirculatory Shock Occurrence in Acutely Ill Patients (micro-SOAP) study investigated associations of microcirculation and mortality. Risk stratification in critically ill patients is of utmost interest. Established score such as APACHE2 (Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation 2) are relatively complex and might therefore be of limited use. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) was described to be associated with mortality in various diseases. We therefore aimed (i) to evaluate BUN for prediction of mortality in a cohort of critically ill patients and (ii) to investigate associations of BUN with microcirculation...
2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755566/anti-diabetic-effects-of-amygdalus-lycioides-spach-in-streptozocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#10
Leila Moezi, Seyede Samira Arshadi, Tahere Motazedian, Seyed Hassan Seradj, Farzaneh Dehghani
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by elevated blood sugar and abnormalities in insulin secretion and action. There are many anti-diabetic plants, which might supply useful sources for developing new medicines that can be used in treatment of diabetes mellitus. The primary objective of the present investigation is to evaluate the anti-diabetic properties of the aerial parts of Amygdalus lycioides in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats. Sixty rats were divided into 6 groups: streptozocin-induced diabetic control, insulin-treated diabetic group, and four Amygdalus lycioides -treated diabetic groups (125, 250, 500, and 1000 mg/kg/day)...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754505/1-formula-see-text-2-formula-see-text-3-formula-see-text-4-formula-see-text-6-penta-o-galloyl-%C3%AE-d-glucose-from-galla-rhois-ameliorates-renal-tubular-injury-and-microvascular-inflammation-in-acute-kidney-injury-rats
#11
Ji Hun Park, Min Chol Kho, Hyun Cheol Oh, Youn Chul Kim, Jung Joo Yoon, Yun Jung Lee, Dae Gill Kang, Ho Sub Lee
Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), an important cause of acute kidney injury (AKI), causes increased renal tubular injury and microvascular inflammation. 1,[Formula: see text]2,[Formula: see text]3,[Formula: see text]4,[Formula: see text]6-penta-O-galloyl-[Formula: see text]-D-glucose (PGG) from Galla rhois has anticancer, anti-oxidation and angiogenesis effects. We examined protective effects of PGG on IRI-induced acute AKI. Clamping both renal arteries for 45[Formula: see text]min induced isechemia and then reperfusion...
May 13, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752189/portion-sizes-from-24-hour-dietary-recalls-differed-by-sex-among-those-who-selected-the-same-portion-size-category-on-a-food-frequency-questionnaire
#12
Minji Kang, Song-Yi Park, Carol J Boushey, Lynne R Wilkens, Kristine R Monroe, Loïc Le Marchand, Laurence N Kolonel, Suzanne P Murphy, Hee-Young Paik
BACKGROUND: Accounting for sex differences in food portions may improve dietary measurement; however, this factor has not been well examined. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine sex differences in reported food portions from 24-hour dietary recalls (24HDRs) among those who selected the same portion size category on a quantitative food frequency questionnaire (QFFQ). DESIGN: This study was conducted with a cross-sectional design...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749327/effects-of-hemodialysis-combined-with-hemoperfusion-on-severe-acute-pancreatitis
#13
Zhenhe Li, Guixia Wang, Guodong Zhen, Yuliang Zhang, Jiaqiang Liu, Shanmei Liu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is characterized by persistent organ failure. This research aimed to evaluate the effect of hemodialysis combined with hemoperfusion on SAP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven patients who were treated with hemoperfusion combined with hemodialysis were included in group O, and 31 patients treated with conventional therapy and hemoperfusion were included as control (group C). Leukocyte count, neutrophil percentage, amylase (AMY), blood urine nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (Cr), and total bilirubin (TBIL) were noted...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746656/dietary-d-xylose-effects-on-growth-performance-portal-nutrient-fluxes-and-energy-expenditure-in-growing-pigs
#14
Atta K Agyekum, Maria C Walsh, Elijah Kiarie, Jason S Sands, Charles Martin Nyachoti
Xylanase is commonly added to pig diets rich in arabinoxylans to promote nutrient utilization and growth. However, high doses of xylanase could release high amounts of xylose in the upper gut, which could have negative nutritional and metabolic implications. However, the amount of xylose to elicit such adverse effects is not clear. Thus, two experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of dietary xylose on the growth performance and portal-drained viscera (PDV) fluxes of glucose (GLU), urea-N (BUN), insulin production, and O2 consumption in growing pigs...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745825/reply-to-parkes-effect-of-hypocapnia-on-the-sensitivity-of-hyperthermic-hyperventilation-and-the-cerebrovascular-response-in-resting-heated-humans
#15
Bun Tsuji, Davide Filingeri, Yasushi Honda, Tsubasa Eguchi, Naoto Fujii, Narihiko Kondo, Takeshi Nishiyasu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744368/identification-of-potential-therapeutic-targets-in-the-liver-of-pioglitazone-treated-type-2-diabetes-sprague-dawley-rats-via-expression-profile-chip-and-itraq-assay
#16
Zhong-Xia Lu, Wen-Jun Xu, Yang-Sheng Wu, Chang-Yu Li, Yi-Tao Chen
The aim of the present study was to identify key antidiabetic nodes in the livers of pioglitazone-treated type 2 diabetes mellitus Sprague-Dawley rats by transcriptomic and proteomic analysis. Rats were randomly divided into the control, the diabetes model, and the pioglitazone-treated groups. After treatment with pioglitazone for 11 weeks, the effects on fasting blood glucose, body weight, and blood biochemistry parameters were evaluated. Microarray and iTRAQ analysis were used to determine the differentially expressed genes/proteins in rat livers...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743526/pretreatment-of-huaiqihuang-extractum-protects-against-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity
#17
Yujiao Guo, Meng Wang, Jingyi Mou, Zhi Zhao, Juan Yang, Fengming Zhu, Guangchang Pei, Han Zhu, Yuxi Wang, Gang Xu, Rui Zeng, Ying Yao
Cisplatin is a commonly used chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of different types of malignant tumors, but nephrotoxicity limits its usage. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to determine the possible protective effect of Huaiqihuang (HQH) extractum, a kind of Chinese herbal complex that consists of Trametes robiniophila Murr., Lycium barbarum and Polygonatum sibiricum, against nephrotoxicity induced by cisplatin in mice. We found that pretreatment with HQH significantly attenuated the cisplatin-induced increase in blood urea nitrogen (BUN), interstitial congestion, acute renal tubular injury and tubular cell apoptosis and necroptosis...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739403/persons-with-disabilities-as-experts-by-experience-using-personal-narratives-to-affect-community-attitudes-in-kilifi-kenya
#18
Joseph K Gona, Charles R Newton, Sally Hartley, Karen Bunning
BACKGROUND: The last decade has seen improved public awareness of disability in sub-Saharan Africa. However, negative and stereotypical views of disability still persist in many communities. We conducted a study to promote awareness of disability in rural Kenya, using a process of reflection and education. This paper reports on the second aspect - education. The research question was: How can personal narratives of living with disability affect community attitudes and responses to disability? METHODS: A qualitative phenomenological approach was adopted...
May 8, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735945/hypouricemic-effect-of-2-5-dihydroxyacetophenone-a-computational-screened-bioactive-compound-from-ganoderma-applanatum-on-hyperuricemic-mice
#19
Danling Liang, Tianqiao Yong, Shaodan Chen, Yizhen Xie, Diling Chen, Xinxin Zhou, Dan Li, Muxia Li, Lu Su, Dan Zuo
Searching novel hypouricemic agents of high efficacy and safety has attracted a great attention. Previously, we reported the hypouricemic effect of Ganoderma applanatum , but its bioactives, was not referred. Herein, we report the hypouricemic effect of 2,5-dihydroxyacetophenone (DHAP), a compound screened from Ganoderma applanatum computationally. Serum parameters, such as uric acid (SUA), xanthine oxidase (XOD) activity, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatinine were recorded. Real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and Western blot were exploited to assay RNA and protein expressions of organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1), glucose transporter 9 (GLUT9), uric acid transporter 1 (URAT1), and gastrointestinal concentrative nucleoside transporter 2 (CNT2)...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734258/red-cell-distribution-width-predicts-90-day-mortality-in-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-device-patients
#20
Lauren K Truby, Lakshmi Sridharan, Raul J Flores, A Reshad Garan, Douglas Jennings, Melana Yuzefpolskaya, Koji Takeda, Hiroo Takayama, Yoshifumi Naka, Paolo C Colombo, Veli K Topkara
Red cell distribution width (RDW) measures the variance in size of circulating red blood cells and is a strong independent predictor of morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular disease and heart failure. Predictive power of RDW on mortality after continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implantation remains largely unknown. Four hundred nine patients who underwent CF-LVAD implantation between April 2004 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The primary outcome of interest was 90 day mortality after CF-LVAD implantation...
April 19, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
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