keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Childhood trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449365/duty-related-trauma-exposure-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-professional-firefighters
#1
Junghyun H Lee, Dayoung Lee, Jiae Kim, Kyoungsun Jeon, Minyoung Sim
Firefighters commonly encounter traumatic events during duty hours. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of duty-related trauma as risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder in professional firefighters. A sample of 212 firefighters participated in the study and completed self-reported questionnaires. Potentially traumatic events (PTE) were assessed using a list of 17 traumatic event types. The posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) were measured by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (Lim et al...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448903/violence-trauma-and-living-with-hiv-longitudinal-predictors-of-initiating-crystal-methamphetamine-injection-among-sex-workers
#2
Elena Argento, Steffanie A Strathdee, Shira Goldenberg, Melissa Braschel, Julio Montaner, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Despite rapid increases in crystal methamphetamine (CM) use worldwide and established gendered patterns of use, empirical research on CM injection initiation among sex workers is limited. Given the wide range of harms associated with CM, alongside stimulant effects including sexual dis-inhibition and prolonged awake-ness, this study aimed to longitudinally investigate socio-structural predictors of initiating CM injection among sex workers in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Data (2010-2014) were drawn from a community-based cohort of women sex workers: AESHA (An Evaluation of Sex Workers Health Access)...
April 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448804/the-associations-between-childhood-trauma-neuroticism-and-comorbid-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-patients-with-psychotic-disorders
#3
Marieke Josien Schreuder, Frederike Schirmbeck, Carin Meijer, Lieuwe de Haan
Various studies reported remarkably high prevalence rates of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) in patients with a psychotic disorder. Little is known about the pathogenesis of this co-occurrence. The current study aimed to investigate the contribution of shared underlying risk factors, such as childhood trauma and neuroticism, to the onset and course of OCS in patients with psychosis. Data were retrieved from 161 patients with psychosis included in the 'Genetic Risk and Outcome in Psychosis' project. Patients completed measures of OCS and psychotic symptoms at study entrance and three years later...
April 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448293/trabeculectomy-or-transscleral-cyclophotocoagulation-as-initial-treatment-of-secondary-childhood-glaucoma-in-northern-tanzania
#4
Achim Fieß, Peter Shah, Freda Sii, Furahini Godfrey, Joe Abbott, Richard Bowman, Jacqueline Bauer, Stefan Dithmar, Heiko Philippin
PURPOSE: The purpose is to describe the outcome of trabeculectomy with transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (TSCPC) as an initial intervention for secondary childhood glaucoma in Northern Tanzania. METHODS: A retrospective, consecutive case series was analyzed of all children with secondary childhood glaucoma who underwent initial trabeculectomy or TSCPC between 2000 and 2013 at a referral eye unit in Northern Tanzania. Retrospective data were collected on causes of glaucoma, intraocular pressure (IOP), visual acuity, complications, and subsequent interventions...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447814/undetected-scars-self-criticism-attachment-and-romantic-relationships-among-otherwise-well-functioning-childhood-sexual-abuse-survivors
#5
Dana Lassri, Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND: Studies have consistently demonstrated the negative impact of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on intimate relationships. The majority of studies have focused on revictimization in at-risk or clinical samples, with very few addressing the impact of CSA on otherwise well-functioning adults and even fewer investigating the psychological mechanisms involved. To fill this gap, this study focuses on the effect of CSA on "normative" (nonviolent) romantic relationships in otherwise well-functioning young women, and the mediating role of personality dimension self-criticism and attachment in this regard...
April 27, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439596/comparative-clinical-study-of-laparoscopic-and-open-surgery-in-children-with-choledochal-cysts
#6
Guoxin Song, Xiangyu Jiang, Jian Wang, Aiwu Li
To investigate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic management of choledochal cysts compared with the open approach, even in early childhood.  Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 206 patients with choledochal cysts between June 2003 and May 2015. Of these, 104 patients underwent open cyst excision and hepaticojejunostomy (open operation [OP]) and 102 patients received laparoscopic management and hepaticojejunostomy (laparoscopic operation [LP]). The patients who underwent a laparoscopic approach were further divided by the age of 3 years...
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436349/distress-psychotic-symptom-exacerbation-and-relief-in-reaction-to-talking-about-trauma-in-the-context-of-beneficial-trauma-therapy-perspectives-from-young-people-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-first-episode-psychosis
#7
Janet Tong, Katrina Simpson, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Sarah Bendall
BACKGROUND: Of young people with first episode psychosis (FEP), over half report exposure to childhood trauma and consequent co-morbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or symptoms. Currently no evidence-based interventions exist for PTSD in FEP. Clinicians report concerns that trauma-focused interventions with young people with FEP could result in distress and symptom exacerbation. Scant research suggests that talking about trauma in therapy can be distressing for some people. AIMS: To explore young people's reactions to a trauma-focused treatment for PTSD in FEP...
April 24, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436017/attachment-styles-and-clinical-correlates-in-people-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#8
Debra A Russo, Jan Stochl, Joanne Hodgekins, Maria Iglesias-González, Penelope Chipps, Michelle Painter, Peter B Jones, Jesus Perez
Evidence suggests that attachment styles may influence subclinical psychosis phenotypes (schizotypy) and affective disorders and may play a part in the association between psychosis and childhood adversity. However, the role of attachment in the initial stages of psychosis remains poorly understood. Our main aim was to describe and compare attachment styles in 60 individuals at ultra high risk for psychosis (UHR) and a matched sample of 60 healthy volunteers (HV). The HV had lower anxious and avoidant attachment scores than the UHR individuals (p < ...
April 24, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433064/resilience
#9
Gail Hornor
Every child is a unique individual. This individuality is evident in children exposed to psychosocial trauma or adverse childhood experiences. There exists wide variation in the way children respond to toxic stressors in their lives. Some children appear to be relatively unaffected, while others develop a variety of psychological, behavioral, and physical consequences. What is the explanation for this phenomenon? Resiliency has been suggested to explain this variation in pathology expressions in trauma-exposed children...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432938/the-role-of-distress-intolerance-in-the-relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-problematic-alcohol-use-among-latin-american-msm
#10
Katie Wang, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Katie B Biello, Conall O'Cleirigh, Kenneth H Mayer, Joshua G Rosenberger, David S Novak, Matthew J Mimiaga
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and its well-documented association with substance use in adulthood, little research has examined the psychological mechanisms underlying this association. The current study utilized a large, multinational sample of MSM in Latin America to examine the role of distress intolerance (i.e., decreased capacity to withstand negative psychological states) in the relationship between childhood sexual abuse history and problematic alcohol use...
April 6, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426546/methamphetamine-use-and-dependence-in-vulnerable-female-populations
#11
Phunnapa Kittirattanapaiboon, Soontaree Srikosai, Apisak Wittayanookulluk
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The study reviews recent publications on methamphetamine use and dependence women in term of their epidemic, physical health impact, psychosocial impacts, and also in the identified vulnerable issues. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies of vulnerable populations of women are wide ranging and include sex workers, sexual minorities, homeless, psychiatric patients, suburban women, and pregnant women, in which amphetamine type stimulants (ATSs) are the most commonly reported illicit drug used among them...
April 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417515/do-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-influence-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#12
Francine Dos Santos Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in young mothers on their perception in relation to their children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, and it was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers having their prenatal care in public health service, starting in 2008. When the children were aged 24-36 months, they and their mothers were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination by a trained team...
April 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416093/the-role-of-cognitive-functioning-in-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-a-mixed-phenotype-of-affective-anxious-psychotic-symptoms-in-psychotic-disorders
#13
Giovanni Mansueto, Martine van Nierop, Koen Schruers, Berhooz Z Alizadeh, Agna A Bartels-Velthuis, Nico J van Beveren, Richard Bruggeman, Wiepke Cahn, Lieuwe de Haan, Philippe Delespaul, Carin J Meijer, Inez Myin-Germeys, Rene S Kahn, Frederike Schirmbeck, Claudia J P Simons, Neeltje E M van Haren, Jim van Os, Ruud van Winkel
Cognitive impairments in patients with psychotic disorder have been associated with poor functioning and increased symptom severity. Furthermore, childhood trauma (CT) exposure has been associated with worse cognitive functioning as well as co-occurrence of affective-anxious-psychosis symptoms or a 'mixed phenotype of psychopathology' (MP), which in turn is associated with greater symptom severity, and poor functioning. This study aims to evaluate if cognition could be associated with CT/MP. 532 patients with non-affective psychotic patients were assessed on CT, symptom profile, cognition, functioning, and symptom severity at baseline and 3 and 6-year follow-up...
April 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414010/letter-to-the-editor-beyond-childhood-trauma-stressful-events-early-and-later-in-life-in-relation-to-psychotic-experiences
#14
M J H Begemann, E Stotijn, M J L Schutte, S M Heringa, I E C Sommer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413918/mothers-who-were-neglected-in-childhood-show-differences-in-neural-response-to-their-infant-s-cry
#15
Dorianne B Wright, Heidemarie K Laurent, Jennifer C Ablow
The present study used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate how a mother's experience of neglect in her own childhood is associated with her neural response to her infant's distress cues. During scanning, 22 high-risk primiparous mothers were exposed to both their own 18-month-old infant's cry sound and a control sound. Mothers' continuous Neglect subscale scores from the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire were examined as a predictor of their neural response to own infant cry > control sound...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407737/pain-in-amaxhosa-women-living-with-hiv-aids-a-cross-sectional-study-of-ambulant-outpatients
#16
Romy Parker, Jennifer Jelsma, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the most commonly reported symptoms in people living with HIV/AIDS, whether or not they are receiving anti-retroviral therapy. A recent systematic review identified a paucity of studies exploring pain in women in low and middle income countries. The prevalence and characteristics of pain in women living with HIV/AIDS may differ from that of men as many chronic pain conditions are more prevalent in women. The aims of this study were to establish pain prevalence, characteristics and management in amaXhosa women living with HIV/AIDS...
April 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407156/enhancing-care-models-to-capture-psychological-trauma
#17
Mary Suzanne Balch, Jo Loomis
Toxic levels of stress in childhood are an ongoing threat to public health. Traumatized children have special needs for health care to address their developmental, mental health, and medical problems, and mitigate risk for long-term health problems. Developmental trauma leads to increased use of medical, social, correctional, and mental health services. Longitudinal and retrospective studies link childhood trauma and adversity to academic difficulties, poor health, and low economic productivity in adulthood...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406661/lifetime-history-of-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-incarcerated-women-in-israel
#18
Gila Chen, Keren Gueta
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that rates of death by suicide are higher among female inmates compared with male inmates and the general population. Despite the high rate of lifetime suicidality, little is known about the predictors of suicidality for these women. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to examine sociodemographic, criminological, and psychological variables associated with a history of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among incarcerated women. METHOD: This cross-sectional study investigated a history of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a sample of 46 Israeli incarcerated women...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403800/elevated-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-women-with-bipolar-disorder-may-be-explained-by-a-history-of-childhood-trauma-especially-sexual-abuse-body-mass-index-and-age
#19
Juliana Brum Moraes, Michael Maes, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, Thais Zagabria Ferrari, Marcela Keikko Spagolla Uehara, André F Carvalho, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether increased levels of high-sensitivity C- reactive protein (hs-CRP) observed in individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) compared to healthy controls (HCs) could be influenced by a previous exposure to early life stress (ELS) independently from other explanatory or background variables, including age, body mass index (BMI), and the presence of co-occurring mental disorders. METHODS: In this case-control study we included 142 healthy controls and 92 bipolar I and II patients...
April 7, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402002/mental-health-and-associated-factors-among-young-offenders-in-chile-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Jorge Gaete, Nicolas Labbé, Paloma Del Villar, Catalina Allende, Ricardo Araya, Eduardo Valenzuela
BACKGROUND: Few studies in Latin America have explored mental disorder among young offenders, or variables associated with it. AIMS: Our aim was to test for associations between childhood adversity or substance misuse and psychiatric disorders among young offenders. METHODS: Sentenced adolescent offenders were recruited from young offenders' institutions or community centres provided by the Chilean National Service for Minors. Psychiatric disorders were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, conducted by trained psychologists...
April 12, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
keyword
keyword
4890
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"