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Childhood trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523234/the-effect-of-comt-val158met-and-drd2-c957t-polymorphisms-on-executive-function-and-the-impact-of-early-life-stress
#1
Kristel Klaus, Kevin Butler, Simon J Durrant, Manir Ali, Chris F Inglehearn, Timothy L Hodgson, Humberto Gutierrez, Kyla Pennington
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has indicated that variation in genes encoding catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) and dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) may influence cognitive function and that this may confer vulnerability to the development of mental health disorders such as schizophrenia. However, increasing evidence suggests environmental factors such as early life stress may interact with genetic variants in affecting these cognitive outcomes. This study investigated the effect of COMT Val158Met and DRD2 C957T polymorphisms on executive function and the impact of early life stress in healthy adults...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520660/childhood-trauma-and-lifetime-traumatic-brain-injury-among-individuals-who-are-homeless
#2
Michael Jae Song, Mohammadali Nikoo, Fiona Choi, Christian G Schütz, Kerry Jang, Reinhard Michael Krausz
OBJECTIVES: To study the association of childhood trauma and lifetime prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among individuals who are homeless. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Three cities in British Columbia, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred individuals who are homeless and 19 years of age or older in 2009. MEASUREMENTS: Traumatic brain injury was identified with National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients (NSHAPC) and childhood trauma using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509622/attachment-insecurity-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-adult-dissociation
#3
Seong Sook Kong, Dae Ryong Kang, Min Jung Oh, Nam Hee Kim
This study aimed to investigate whether attachment insecurity mediates the relationship between childhood trauma and adult dissociation, specifically in regards to individual forms of childhood maltreatment. Psychiatric outpatients who visited a specialized trauma clinic (n = 115) participated in the study. Data were collected via the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Revised Adult Attachment Scale, and Dissociative Experience Scale. Structural equation modeling and path analysis were performed to analyze the mediating effects of attachment insecurity on the relationship between childhood trauma and adult dissociation...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509616/depersonalization-adversity-emotionality-and-coping-with-stressful-situations
#4
Paula Thomson, S Victoria Jaque
Depersonalization is defined as persistent or recurrent episodes of feeling detached or estranged from a sense of self and the world. This study addressed the primary question: Do non-clinical individuals who endorse high symptomatic depersonalization have inherently more intense emotional responses, along with more childhood adversity and past trauma? In this IRB approved study, participants who met clinical levels of depersonalization (n = 43, 16.3%) were compared to a group without clinical levels of depersonalization (n = 221, 83...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508675/serious-mental-illness-among-young-adult-women-who-use-drugs-in-the-club-scene-co-occurring-biopsychosocial-factors
#5
Maayan Lawental, Hilary L Surratt, Mance E Buttram, Steven P Kurtz
Young women who regularly attend nightclubs are at risk for numerous health and social consequences, including mental distress, sexual and physical victimization and substance dependence. This paper uses a biopsychosocial framework to examine co-occurring mental health problems, victimization, substance dependence, sexual risk and physical pain among a sample of young women who use drugs (N = 222) in Miami's club scene. The majority of women were under 24 years old, Hispanic, and identified as heterosexual...
May 16, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505586/oscillatory-magnetic-brain-activity-is-related-to-dissociative-symptoms-and-childhood-adversities-a-study-in-women-with-multiple-trauma
#6
I Schalinski, J K Moran, T Elbert, V Reindl, C Wienbruch
BACKGROUND: Individuals with trauma-related disorders are complex and heterogeneous; part of this complexity derives from additional psychopathology like dissociation as well as environmental adversities such as traumatic stress, experienced throughout the lifespan. Understanding the neurophysiological abnormalities in Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires a simultaneous consideration of these factors. METHODS: Resting state magnetoencephalography (MEG) recordings were obtained from 41 women with PTSD and comorbid depressive symptoms, and 16 healthy women...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503623/seven-digit-creatine-kinase-in-acute-rhabdomyolysis-in-a-child
#7
Nuha Basheer, Sirin Mneimneh, Mariam Rajab
Rhabdomyolysis is an acute life-threatening condition that can occur in childhood secondary to many causes. The authors report the case of a 3-year-old male child who presented with acute rhabdomyolysis. The peak plasma creatine kinase level was extremely high. The 2 main causes of rhabdomyolysis in childhood are viral myositis and trauma, which can sometimes lead to acute renal failure. The highest creatine kinase levels reported in the literature so far was a 6-digit level in 2014 case report. In this study, the authors report the case of a 7-digit creatine kinase level in a child secondary to viral myositis who did not require renal dialysis...
January 2017: Child Neurol Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498865/when-do-traumatic-experiences-alter-risk-taking-behavior-a-machine-learning-analysis-of-reports-from-refugees
#8
Mareike Augsburger, Thomas Elbert
Exposure to traumatic stressors and subsequent trauma-related mental changes may alter a person's risk-taking behavior. It is unclear whether this relationship depends on the specific types of traumatic experiences. Moreover, the association has never been tested in displaced individuals with substantial levels of traumatic experiences. The present study assessed risk-taking behavior in 56 displaced individuals by means of the balloon analogue risk task (BART). Exposure to traumatic events, symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression were assessed by means of semi-structured interviews...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496375/revisiting-the-etiological-aspects-of-dissociative-identity-disorder-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Vedat Şar, Martin J Dorahy, Christa Krüger
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) is a chronic post-traumatic disorder where developmentally stressful events in childhood, including abuse, emotional neglect, disturbed attachment, and boundary violations are central and typical etiological factors. Familial, societal, and cultural factors may give rise to the trauma and/or they may influence the expression of DID. Memory and the construction of self-identity are cognitive processes that appear markedly and centrally disrupted in DID and are related to its etiology...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493745/-treating-adult-survivors-of-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-a-new-framework-correction-to-grossman-et-al-2017
#10
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Treating adult survivors of childhood emotional abuse and neglect: A new framework" by Frances K. Grossman, Joseph Spinazzola, Marla Zucker and Elizabeth Hopper (American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 2017, Vol 87[1], 86-93). In the article, in the second sentence of the third paragraph of the "The Empirical Base for CBP" section, "construction of a life narrative" should have read "construction of a trauma narrative." The full corrected sentence follows: "Therefore, the trauma treatment component traditionally focused upon construction of a trauma narrative must be expanded to address the effects of trauma on our clients' entire life narratives, including their development of a sense of self and social identity...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490245/-childhood-traumatization-dissociation-and-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-behavior-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Katalin Merza, János Harmatta, Gábor Papp, Ildikó Kuritárné Szabó
INTRODUCTION: Childhood traumatization plays a significant role in the etiology of borderline personality disorder. Studies found a significant association between childhood traumatization, dissociation, and nonsuicidal self-injurious behavior. AIM: The aim of our study was to assess dissociation and nonsuicidal self-injury among borderline inpatients and to reveal the association between childhood traumatization, dissociation, and self-injurious behavior. METHOD: The sample consisted of 80 borderline inpatients and 73 depressed control patients...
May 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489805/first-experience-of-ndasek-with-heads-up-surgery-a-case-report
#12
Yasser Helmy Mohamed, Masafumi Uematsu, Daisuke Inoue, Takashi Kitaoka
PURPOSE: To report a case of non-Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty (nDSAEK) using heads-up surgery. CASE/INTERVENTION: The case was a 72-years-old man who had history of left eye blunt trauma since childhood. One year ago, the patient was diagnosed to have left posttraumatic bullous keratopathy. The patient underwent lt nDSAEK by using the heads-up three-dimensional (3D) system last July. The surgery was performed with a Rescan 700 surgical microscope (Carl Zeiss), which is integrated with intraoperative optical coherence tomography (iOCT) system...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486966/the-clinical-course-of-trauma-related-disorders-and-personality-disorders-study-protocol-of-two-year-follow-up-based-on-structured-interviews
#13
Sanne Swart, Marleen Wildschut, Nel Draijer, Willemien Langeland, Jan H Smit
BACKGROUND: Trauma-related disorders and personality disorders are prevalent in survivors of chronic childhood trauma and neglect. Both conditions have serious consequences for patients, their families, society and public health and a high risk of development of chronicity. However, information on the long term course trajectories is lacking and predictors of course outcome in survivors of chronic childhood traumatization are unknown. The first aim of the current study is to identify two-year course trajectories of pathology in patients with trauma-related disorders and personality disorders...
May 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486180/the-association-between-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-shorter-telomere-length-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Xuemei Li, Jiang Wang, Jianghua Zhou, Pan Huang, Jiping Li
OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychiatric disorder, which may accelerate aging. Many study have investigated the association between telomeres length and PTSD, but results from published studies are contradictory. Therefore, Meta-analysis approaches were conducted to give more precise estimate of relationship between telomere length and PTSD. METHOD: We systematically reviewed the databases of PUBMED, PsycINFO, Medline(Ovid SP) and EMBASE for all articles on the association between telomere length and PTSD...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483163/changing-state-of-pediatric-injuries-in-south-africa-an-analysis-of-surveillance-data-from-a-pediatric-emergency-department-from-2007-to-2011
#15
Hadley K H Wesson, Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Patricia Mtambeka, Dorothy Schulman, Chiedza Mavengere, Alastair John Ward Millar, Adnan A Hyder, Arjan Bastiaan van As
BACKGROUND: Pediatric injuries are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Data to characterize the cause and risk factors associated with childhood injuries in low- and middle-income countries are very scarce. The aim of this study is to describe the cause of pediatric injuries and their possible changes between 2007 and 2011 using hospital-based data in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: Data from injured children <13 years of age who presented to the Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital's emergency department in 2007 and 2011 were captured in Childsafe South Africa's trauma surveillance system...
May 5, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476715/report-the-impact-of-parental-presence-in-preschool-children-facial-trauma-surgery
#16
Yuhang Sun, Jie Yang, Jinjie Sun, Guofeng Zhang, Jing An, Haojun Yuan
Wound repair surgeries are the most common childhood surgery in most countries. Medical treatment itself will impact children's mental health. The authors' objective was to study the impact of parental presence in preschool children and to reveal the conditions and precautions of it. Parental presence during facial trauma surgeries was analyzed, a group of 49 preschool children from April 1, 2013 to April 30, 2013 and their parents attended the experiment, contrasting with a group of 57 preschool children without parental presence...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473776/the-role-of-trauma-and-stressful-life-events-among-individuals-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Danessa Mayo, Sarah Corey, Leah H Kelly, Seghel Yohannes, Alyssa L Youngquist, Barbara K Stuart, Tara A Niendam, Rachel L Loewy
The experience of childhood trauma (CT) and stressful life events (SLEs) is associated with subsequent development of a variety of mental health conditions, including psychotic illness. Recent research identifying adolescents and young adults at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis allows for prospective evaluation of the impact of trauma and adverse life events on psychosis onset and other outcomes, addressing etiological questions that cannot be answered in studies of fully psychotic or non-clinical populations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472933/imagery-rescripting-and-eye-movement-desensitisation-and-reprocessing-for-treatment-of-adults-with-childhood-trauma-related-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-irem-study-design
#18
Katrina L Boterhoven de Haan, Christopher W Lee, Eva Fassbinder, Marisol J Voncken, Mariel Meewisse, Saskia M Van Es, Simone Menninga, Margriet Kousemaker, Arnoud Arntz
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that originates from childhood trauma experiences can develop into a chronic condition that has lasting effects on an individual's functioning and quality of life. While there are evidence-based guidelines for treating adult onset PTSD, treatments for adults with childhood trauma-related PTSD (Ch-PTSD) are varied and subject to ongoing debate. This study will test the effectiveness of two trauma-focused treatments, imagery rescripting (ImRs) and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) in participants with Ch-PTSD...
May 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472931/relationship-between-interpersonal-trauma-exposure-and-addictive-behaviors-a-systematic-review
#19
Barna Konkolÿ Thege, Lewis Horwood, Linda Slater, Maria C Tan, David C Hodgins, T Cameron Wild
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to systematically summarize knowledge on the association between exposure to interpersonal trauma and addictive behaviors. Extant reviews on this association focused on a restricted range of substance-related addictions, and/or used a narrative instead of a systematic approach. METHODS: Systematic searches of 8 databases yielded 29,841 studies, of which 3054 studies were included and subsequently classified in relation to study design (scoping review)...
May 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472859/lifestyle-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#20
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Nisreen A Alwan, Jane West, Stephen Brown, Christopher Jd McKinlay, Diane Farrar, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is glucose intolerance, first recognised in pregnancy and usually resolving after birth. GDM is associated with both short- and long-term adverse effects for the mother and her infant. Lifestyle interventions are the primary therapeutic strategy for many women with GDM. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of combined lifestyle interventions with or without pharmacotherapy in treating women with gestational diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (14 May 2016), ClinicalTrials...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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