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Childhood trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809769/adverse-experiences-in-childhood-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-risk-from-adolescence-into-adulthood
#1
Stephanie London, Kelly Quinn, Joy D Scheidell, B Christopher Frueh, Maria R Khan
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment, particularly sexual abuse, has been found to be associated with sexual risk behaviors later in life. We aimed to evaluate associations between a broad range of childhood traumas and sexual risk behaviors from adolescence into adulthood. METHODS: Using data from Waves I, III and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), we used logistic regression to estimate the unadjusted odds ratio (OR) and adjusted OR (AOR) for associations between 9 childhood traumas and a cumulative trauma score and three sexual risk outcomes (multiple partnerships, sex trade involvement, and sexually transmitted infection [STI]) in adolescence, young adulthood, and adulthood...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809134/cancer-treatment-experiences-among-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-a-qualitative-investigation-of-triggers-and-reactions-to-cumulative-trauma
#2
Julie B Schnur, Matthew J Dillon, Rachel E Goldsmith, Guy H Montgomery
OBJECTIVE: Some 25% of women and 8% of men in the United States have experienced childhood sexual abuse (CSA) before the age of 18. For these individuals, healthcare visits and interactions can be retraumatizing due to perceived similarities to past abuse (e.g., pain, undressing, lack of control). However, no prior studies have provided formal qualitative analyses regarding CSA survivors' reactions to cancer treatment. Therefore, our study's objective was to identify key themes pertaining to CSA survivors' cancer treatment experiences...
August 15, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806608/differential-effects-of-childhood-trauma-subtypes-on-fatigue-and-physical-functioning-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#3
Maud De Venter, Jela Illegems, Rita Van Royen, Greta Moorkens, Bernard G C Sabbe, Filip Van Den Eede
OBJECTIVE: There is wide consensus that childhood trauma plays an important role in the aetiology of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). The current study examines the differential effects of childhood trauma subtypes on fatigue and physical functioning in individuals suffering from CFS. METHODS: Participants were 155 well-documented adult, predominantly female CFS patients receiving treatment at the outpatient treatment centre for CFS of the Antwerp University Hospital in Belgium...
July 19, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803513/mechanisms-of-unexpected-death-and-autopsy-findings-in-friedreich-ataxia
#4
Roger W Byard, John D Gilbert
A 36-year-old woman with a clinical history of Friedreich ataxia and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was found unexpectedly dead at her home. The heart showed asymmetric left ventricular hypertrophy, with an interventricular septal thickness of 20-25 mm (the remainder of the left ventricular wall measured 15 mm). Histologically, both ventricles had irregular areas of marked myocyte hypertrophy with associated interstitial fibrosis and focal myofibre disarray. There was neuronal loss within the dentate nucleus of the cerebellum, with vacuolation and axonal loss in the dorsal columns and spinocerebellar tracts of the upper cervical spinal cord...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799006/multiple-sclerosis-and-environmental-risk-factors-a-case-control-study-in-iran
#5
Maryam Abbasi, Seyed Massood Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Nikan Zerafat Jou, Iman Ansari, Vahid Shayegannejad, Seyed Ehsan Mohammadianinejad, Mahdi Farhoudi, Abbas Noorian, Nazanin Razazian, Mahmoud Abedini, Fardin Faraji
Studies have shown an increase in the incidence of MS in Iran. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between environmental exposure and MS in Iran. This case-control study was conducted on 660 MS patients and 421 controls. Many environmental factors are compared between the two groups. Our findings demonstrated that prematurity ([OR = 4.99 (95% CI 1.34-18.68), P = 0.017]), history of measles and mumps ([OR = 1.60 (95% CI 1.05-2.45), P = 0.029; OR = 1.85 (95% CI 1.22-2.78), P = 0...
August 10, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798541/animal-assisted-therapies-for-youth-with-or-at-risk-for-mental-health-problems-a-systematic-review
#6
Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood, Mary Acri, Meghan Morrissey, Robin Peth-Pierce
To systematically review experimental evidence about animal-assisted therapies (AAT) for children or adolescents with or at risk for mental health conditions, we reviewed all experimental AAT studies published between 2000-2015, and compared studies by animal type, intervention, and outcomes. METHODS: Studies were included if used therapeutically for children and adolescents (≤21 years) with or at risk for a mental health problem; used random assignment or a waitlist comparison/control group; and included child-specific outcome data...
2017: Applied Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797932/when-social-support-is-not-enough-trauma-and-ptsd-symptoms-in-a-risk-sample-of-adolescents
#7
Ricardo J Pinto, Diogo Morgado, Sara Reis, Rita Monteiro, Alytia Levendosky, Inês Jongenelen
Social support can mitigate the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adults following traumatic events. However, little is known about the role of social support in high-risk samples of adolescents from the community. The present study examined the relationship between social support and PTSD symptoms in adolescents exposed to traumatic events and childhood adversity, after adjusting for the effects of potential covariates, including sociodemographic factors, previous childhood adversity, level of exposure, comorbid anxiety, depression symptoms, and substance abuse, and coping strategies...
August 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794976/general-and-emotion-specific-alterations-to-cognitive-control-in-women-with-a-history-of-childhood-abuse
#8
Kristen L Mackiewicz Seghete, Roselinde H Kaiser, Anne P DePrince, Marie T Banich
BACKGROUND: Although limited, the literature suggests alterations in activation of cognitive control regions in adults and adolescents with a history of childhood abuse. The current study examined whether such alterations are increased in the face of emotionally-distracting as compared to emotionally neutral information, and whether such alterations occur in brain regions that exert cognitive control in a more top-down sustained manner or a more bottom-up transient manner. METHODS: Participants were young adult women (ages 23-30): one group with a history of childhood physical or sexual abuse (N = 15) and one with no trauma exposure (N = 17), as assessed through the Trauma History Questionnaire and a two-stage interview adapted from the National Crime Victims Survey...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792130/perceptual-abnormalities-in-an-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-population-relationship-to-trauma-and-co-morbid-disorder
#9
Karen O' Connor, Barnaby Nelson, Mary Cannon, Alison Yung, Andrew Thompson
AIMS: The aims of this study were 3-fold. We wished to investigate whether at baseline entry to an ultra-high risk (UHR) clinic whether: (1) perceptual abnormalities are more prevalent in those young people with co-morbid psychiatric diagnoses, (2) perceptual abnormalities are more prevalent in those young people with histories of childhood adversity (childhood trauma, bullying) and (3) perceptual abnormality type is associated with co-morbid psychiatric diagnoses or histories of childhood adversity...
August 9, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789788/alexithymia-and-anesthetic-bladder-capacity-in-interstitial-cystitis-bladder-pain-syndrome
#10
Chui-De Chiu, Ming-Huei Lee, Wei-Chih Chen, Hoi Lam Ho, Huei-Ching Wu
OBJECTIVE: In contrast to the inconsistent results of organic causes, it has been found that psychological risk factors are reliably related to functional somatic syndromes (FSSs), including interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS). Compared to patients with acute cystitis, a subgroup of IC/BPS patients with a history of childhood relational trauma reported intensified unregulated affective states (i.e., anxiety and depression) and trauma-related psychopathology (i.e., dissociation)...
September 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777981/childhood-trauma-dimensions-of-psychopathology-and-the-clinical-expression-of-bipolar-disorders-a-pathway-analysis
#11
B Etain, M Lajnef, C Henry, V Aubin, J M Azorin, F Bellivier, T Bougerol, P Courtet, S Gard, J P Kahn, C Passerieux, M Leboyer
BACKGROUND: This study aims at testing for paths from childhood abuse to clinical indicators of complexity in bipolar disorder (BD), through dimensions of affective dysregulation, impulsivity and hostility. METHOD: 485 euthymic patients with BD from the FACE-BD cohort were included from 2009 to 2014. We collect clinical indicators of complexity/severity: age and polarity at onset, suicide attempt, rapid cycling and substance misuse. Patients completed questionnaires to assess childhood emotional, sexual and physical abuses, affective lability, affect intensity, impulsivity, motor and attitudinal hostility...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776181/-healthcare-situation-for-children-adolescent-and-adult-victims-of-sexual-violence-in-germany-a%C3%A2-critical-overview
#12
REVIEW
Silke Pawils, Susanne Nick, Franka Metzner, Annett Lotzin, Ingo Schäfer
In Germany, since 2010 the debate regarding sexual assault victims, additionally due to extensive activities of the independent commissioner for questions regarding sexual abuse of children (Unabhängiger Beauftragter für Fragen des sexuellen Kindesmissbrauchs, UBSKM), has received increased attention from the public and the healthcare system. Sexual violence is a burdening experience regardless of age and can have a lasting impact on the physical, psychological and/or social life of victims. Empirically, it has been found that more than half of the adult population suffering from mental disorders have experienced sexual abuse in childhood and adolescence...
August 3, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771289/screening-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-based-on-different-risk-profiles-and-settings-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#13
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Andrew J McPhee, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that occurs in pregnancy. Although GDM usually resolves following birth, it is associated with significant morbidities for mothers and their infants in the short and long term. There is strong evidence to support treatment for GDM. However, there is uncertainty as to whether or not screening all pregnant women for GDM will improve maternal and infant health and if so, the most appropriate setting for screening. This review updates a Cochrane Review, first published in 2010, and subsequently updated in 2014...
August 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768497/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-alexithymia-among-adult-prisoners-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Li Chen, Linna Xu, Weimin You, Xiaoyan Zhang, Nanpeng Ling
BACKGROUND: Prison is an extremely stressful environment and prisoners have an increasing risk of suffering from alexithymia. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the prevalence and associated factors of alexithymia among prisoners in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in five main jails of the district of Zhejiang province in China, and a total of 1705 adult prisoners ultimately took part in the study. Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale and several short demographic questions were applied...
August 3, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766317/chronic-childhood-trauma-mental-health-academic-achievement-and-school-based-health-center-mental-health-services
#15
Satu Larson, Susan Chapman, Joanne Spetz, Claire D Brindis
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents exposed to chronic trauma have a greater risk for mental health disorders and school failure. Children and adolescents of minority racial/ethnic groups and those living in poverty are at greater risk of exposure to trauma and less likely to have access to mental health services. School-based health centers (SBHCs) may be one strategy to decrease health disparities. METHODS: Empirical studies between 2003 and 2013 of US pediatric populations and of US SBHCs were included if research was related to childhood trauma's effects, mental health care disparities, SBHC mental health services, or SBHC impact on academic achievement...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765679/placement-instability-among-young-people-removed-from-their-original-family-and-the-likely-mental-health-implications
#16
Simon Rice, Sue Cotton, Kristen Moeller-Saxone, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Anne Magnus, Carol Harvey, Cathy Humphreys, Stephen Halperin, Angela Scheppokat, Patrick McGorry, Helen Herrman
BACKGROUND: Young people in out-of-home care are more likely to experience poorer mental and physical health outcomes related to their peers. Stable care environments are essential for ameliorating impacts of disruptive early childhood experiences, including exposure to psychological trauma, abuse and neglect. At present there are very few high quality data regarding the placement stability history of young people in out-of-home care in Australia or other countries. OBJECTIVES: To undertake the first systematic census of background, care type and placement stability characteristics of young people living in the out-of-home care sector in Australia...
April 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758771/childhood-trauma-and-distress-tolerance-in-a-trauma-exposed-acute-care-psychiatric-inpatient-sample
#17
Erin C Berenz, Anka A Vujanovic, Lance Rappaport, Salpi Kevorkian, R Emily Gonzalez, Nadia Chowdhury, Christina D Dutcher, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth S Kendler, Ananda B Amstadter
OBJECTIVE: Distress tolerance (DT; the perceived or actual ability to withstand negative internal states) has emerged as a promising transdiagnostic risk factor in clinically severe populations. However, little is known about etiological factors associated with the development of DT. We hypothesized that greater levels of childhood trauma would be associated with lower perceived and behavioral DT, beyond theoretically relevant covariates. METHOD: The current investigation evaluated several childhood trauma types (i...
July 31, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758770/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-obesity-systematic-review-of-behavioral-interventions-for-women
#18
Cheryl J McDonnell, Samantha V Garbers
OBJECTIVE: Studies have demonstrated a relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adult obesity. Group interventions addressing the psychosocial sequelae of ACES using a trauma-informed approach for adults are well described in the literature. There is also a significant body of literature on the efficacy and proposed structure of interventions addressing weight reduction in adults. However, it is unknown how often interventions addressing attainment of a healthy weight incorporate a specific focus on adult women with a history of ACEs, including childhood abuse and trauma...
July 31, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758672/stress-sensitivity-as-a-putative-mechanism-linking-childhood-trauma-and-psychopathology-in-youth-s-daily-life
#19
C Rauschenberg, J van Os, D Cremers, M Goedhart, J N M Schieveld, U Reininghaus
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma (CT) is associated with a range of psychopathologies, including psychosis. However, evidence on underlying mechanisms remains limited. The study aimed to investigate whether CT impacts on youth mental health by modifying sensitivity to stress in daily life. METHOD: The experience sampling method (ESM) was used to measure momentary stress, negative affect and psychotic experiences in 99 adolescents and young adults (43 help-seeking service users, 16 siblings and 40 controls)...
July 31, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755869/maternal-exposure-to-childhood-maltreatment-and-risk-of-stillbirth
#20
Alexa A Freedman, Alison L Cammack, Jeff R Temple, Robert M Silver, Donald J Dudley, Barbara J Stoll, Michael W Varner, George R Saade, Deborah Conway, Robert L Goldenberg, Carol J Hogue
PURPOSE: To determine the association between maternal exposure to childhood maltreatment (CM) and risk of stillbirth (fetal death at or after 20 weeks' gestation). METHODS: Population-based case-control study from the Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network (SCRN) conducted in 2006-2008, and the follow-up study, SCRN-Outcomes after Study Index Stillbirth (SCRN-OASIS), conducted in 2009 in the United States. Cases (n = 133) included women who experienced a stillbirth, excluding stillbirths attributed to genetic/structural or umbilical cord abnormalities and intrapartum stillbirths...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
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