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Childhood trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922736/reduced-white-matter-integrity-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#1
Taiga Ninomiya, Harumi Oshita, Yoshihisa Kawano, Chiharu Goto, Mai Matsuhashi, Koji Masuda, Fuku Takita, Toshihiko Izumi, Ayako Inoue, Haruka Higuma, Masayuki Kanehisa, Jotaro Akiyoshi
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotions. BPD may be linked to an abnormal brain anatomy, but little is known about possible impairments of the white matter microstructure in BPD or their relationship with impulsivity or risky behaviors. The aims of the present study were to explore the relationship between BPD and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters and psychological tests. METHODS: We evaluated 35 un-medicated BPD patients in a medication-free state and 50 healthy controls (HCs)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922735/assessing-the-interplay-of-childhood-adversities-with-more-recent-stressful-life-events-and-conditions-in-predicting-panic-pathology-among-adults-from-the-general-population
#2
E Asselmann, J Stender, H J Grabe, J König, C O Schmidt, A O Hamm, C A Pané-Farré
BACKGROUND: Although research suggests that (a) childhood adversities and more recent stressful life events/conditions are risk factors for panic pathology and that (b) early life stress increases vulnerability to later psychopathology, it remains unclear whether childhood adversities amplify the association between more recent stressful life events/conditions and panic pathology. METHODS: Data were derived from a general population sample (Study of Health in Pomerania, SHIP)...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919342/mothers-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-their-young-children-s-development
#3
Jing Sun, Falguni Patel, Ruth Rose-Jacobs, Deborah A Frank, Maureen M Black, Mariana Chilton
INTRODUCTION: This study examined how mothers' Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) relate to their children's developmental risk and assessed how the association is mediated through mothers' depressive symptoms and fair/poor health. METHODS: Mothers of children aged between 4 months and 4 years were recruited from the emergency department of a children's hospital between March 2012 and June 2015 and interviewed about ACEs, mothers' depressive symptoms and health status, and children's developmental risk (screened via Parents' Evaluations of Developmental Status [PEDS])...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917394/childhood-maltreatment-severity-and-alcohol-use-in-adult-psychiatric-inpatients-the-mediating-role-of-emotion-regulation-difficulties
#4
Christina D Dutcher, Anka A Vujanovic, Daniel J Paulus, Brooke A Bartlett
OBJECTIVE: Emotion regulation difficulties are a potentially key mechanism underlying the association between childhood maltreatment and alcohol use in adulthood. The current study examined the mediating role of emotion regulation difficulties in the association between childhood maltreatment severity (i.e., Childhood Trauma Questionnaire total score) and past-month alcohol use severity, including alcohol consumption frequency and alcohol-related problems (i.e., number of days of alcohol problems, ratings of "bother" caused by alcohol problems, ratings of treatment importance for alcohol problems)...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917190/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-dissociation-between-childhood-trauma-and-two-different-types-of-psychosis-like-experience
#5
Ji Young Choi
This study examined the roles of posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms and dissociation in the relationship between childhood trauma and two different types of psychosis-like experience, including persecutory ideation and aberrant experience, in non-psychotic psychiatric patients. From August 2015 to August 2016, among psychiatric out patients seeking treatment at the Department of Psychiatry at a major teaching medical hospital in Seoul, Korea, 169 patients who had never been diagnosed with a psychotic disorder, including schizophrenia spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, and/or depressive disorder with psychotic features, completed the Korean Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Korean version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, the modified Korean version of the Peritraumatic Dissociation Experiences Questionnaire, and the Korean Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2)...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917188/assessing-the-factor-structure-of-the-childhood-trauma-questionnaire-and-cumulative-effect-of-abuse-and-neglect-on-mental-health-among-adolescents-in-conflict-affected-burundi
#6
Ruby Charak, J T V M de Jong, Lidewyde H Berckmoes, Herman Ndayisaba, Ria Reis
The present study aimed to examine the factor structure of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ; Bernstein & Fink, 1998), highlight rates of abuse and neglect among Burundian adolescents, compare these rates with those found in high-income nations, and examine the cumulative effect of multiple types of abuse and neglect on depression and PTSD symptoms. Participants were 231 adolescents and youth (M=14.9, SD=1.99, 58.4% female) from five provinces of Burundi, a country in Central Africa affected by war and political violence...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916298/childhood-trauma-depression-and-sleep-quality-and-their-association-with-psychotic-symptoms-and-suicidality-in-schizophrenia
#7
Esin Evren Kilicaslan, Asli Tugba Esen, Meltem Izci Kasal, Erdal Ozelci, Murat Boysan, Mustafa Gulec
This study involved the examination of the relationship between childhood trauma and both psychotic symptoms and suicidality in patients with schizophrenia after controlling for the possible confounding factors, such as clinical features, depression, and sleep quality. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the suicidality subscale of Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) were administered to 199 patients with schizophrenia...
September 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914211/-a-toddler-with-a-vaginal-mass-and-blood-loss-the-rhabdomyosarcoma
#8
N Pleunis, W B Breunis, J H M Merks, A E Bouwma, J W van der Steeg
BACKGROUND: The differential diagnosis of vaginal blood loss in childhood is broad, and includes irritation of the mucous membranes, trauma, tumours, foreign bodies and sexual abuse. Physical and additional examination is often initially difficult; however, prompt detection of a rhabdomyosarcoma, a soft-tissue tumour principally diagnosed in childhood, is vitally important. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 3-year-old girl with a history of vaginal blood loss and an introital mass was referred to the gynaecologist...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914102/5-httlpr-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-gene-interactions-and-early-adverse-life-events-effect-on-impulsivity-in-suicide-attempters
#9
Luis Jiménez-Treviño, Pilar Alejandra Saiz, Maria Paz García-Portilla, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, Vladimir Carli, Miriam Iosue, Isabelle Jaussent, Jorge López-Castroman, Concepcion Vaquero-Lorenzo, Marco Sarchiapone, Enrique Baca-García, Philippe Courtet, Julio Bobes
OBJECTIVES: An expanding body of research suggests that childhood adverse experiences can lead to different negative health outcomes, including attempted suicide. Serotonergic genes such as the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) have been associated both with impulsivity in suicide attempts and reactivity to environmental stress exposure. BDNF gene may play an epigenetic role. METHODS: We studied the influence of childhood stressful events and 5-HTTLPR genotype on impulsivity measured by Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS-10) in a multicentre sample of 1,655 suicide attempters (69...
September 15, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913829/a-retrospective-examination-of-child-protection-involvement-among-young-adults-accessing-homelessness-services
#10
Emily Putnam-Hornstein, Bridgette Lery, Jonathan Hoonhout, Susanna Curry
Childhood maltreatment is associated with a variety of young adult adversities including homelessness. This study used linked administrative records to develop a population-level, epidemiological characterization of the child protection histories of young adults accessing homelessness services. The records of all 17- to 24-year-olds receiving homeless services between 2011 and 2014 in San Francisco County, California (n = 2241) were probabilistically linked to statewide child protective service (CPS) records...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903591/negative-self-evaluating-emotions-as-mediator-in-the-relationship-between-childhood-emotional-trauma-and-alexithymia-in-adulthood
#11
Serge Lecours, Frédérick L Philippe, Marie-Ève Boucher, Lola Ahoundova, Catherine Allard-Chapais
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899378/prevalence-rates-of-childhood-trauma-in-medical-students-a-systematic-review
#12
Eimear King, Claire Steenson, Ciaran Shannon, Ciaran Mulholland
BACKGROUND: It is known that medical students suffer from high rates of mental health difficulties. In recent years there has been an increasing focus on the need to improve support and treatment services for those in difficulty. In order to meet these needs it is important to clarify the relevant aetiological factors. There is robust evidence from general population studies that a history of childhood trauma (including physical and sexual abuse and emotional neglect) predisposes to the subsequent development of mental health difficulties in adult life...
September 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895487/-%C3%A2-like-because-you-are-a-grownup-you-do-not-need-help-experiences-of-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-among-youth-with-perinatal-hiv-infection-their-caregivers-and-health-care-providers-in-the-dominican-republic
#13
María C Pinzón-Iregui, Gladys Ibanez, Consuelo Beck-Sagué, Mina Halpern, Rosa M Mendoza
With the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) worldwide, youth with perinatal HIV infection are increasingly surviving childhood and transitioning to adult care. Although a normal life span is anticipated posttransition, successful transition to adult HIV care has proven difficult, with worse outcomes posttransition than in pediatric and adult care. This study is a qualitative analysis of data from 4 focus groups of pre- and posttransition patients, caregivers, and healthcare providers in the Dominican Republic at an institution that provides comprehensive treatment including ART for HIV-infected persons of all ages...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893142/a-simulation-and-video-based-training-program-to-address-adverse-childhood-experiences
#14
Frances K Wen, Julie E Miller-Cribbs, Kim A Coon, Martina J Jelley, Kristin A Foulks-Rodriguez
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are 10 categories of childhood abuse and maltreatment, which have a dose-response relationship with common adult health concerns seen in primary care including health risk behaviors, chronic disease, and mental illness. Many of the ACEs-associated biopsychosocial risk factors are modifiable. However, physicians may not address these issues for fear of opening "Pandora's Box", that is, a source of extensive problems for which they are not sufficiently prepared with training, resources, or time...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889074/interaction-between-fkbp5-gene-and-childhood-trauma-on-psychosis-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#15
Marta de Castro-Catala, Elionora Peña, Thomas R Kwapil, Sergi Papiol, Tamara Sheinbaum, Paula Cristóbal-Narváez, Sergi Ballespí, Neus Barrantes-Vidal, Araceli Rosa
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has been associated with a heightened risk for presenting clinical and non-clinical psychopathology in adulthood. Genes related with the stress response, such as the FK506 binding protein 51 (FKBP5), are plausible candidates moderating the effects of childhood trauma on the emergence of such symptoms later on. The present study aimed to explore the moderating role of FKBP5 genetic variability on the association of different types of childhood trauma with subclinical psychosis, depression and anxiety in a non-clinical sample...
August 26, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889058/the-relationship-between-family-based-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-substance-use-behaviors-among-a-diverse-sample-of-college-students
#16
Myriam Forster, Timothy J Grigsby, Christopher J Rogers, Stephanie M Benjamin
INTRODUCTION: Research suggests that college students are an especially vulnerable subset of the population for substance use and misuse. However, despite evidence of the high prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) among students and the link between family-based ACE and substance use among older adults, this relationship remains understudied in college populations. Moreover, whether ACE represents a shared risk across substance use behaviors and ethnic groups is unknown. METHODS: Data are student responses (n=2953) on the 2015 American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA II) administered at one of the largest, most diverse public universities in California...
September 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888362/risk-factors-for-increased-duration-of-untreated-psychosis-results-from-the-face-sz-dataset
#17
G Fond, L Boyer, M Andrianarisoa, O Godin, L Brunel, E Bulzacka, N Coulon, P M Llorca, F Berna, B Aouizerate, D Capdevielle, T D'Amato, C Dubertret, J Dubreucq, C Faget, F Gabayet, J Mallet, D Misdrahi, R Rey, R Richieri, P Roux, C Passerieux, A Schandrin, A M Tronche, P Vidailhet, M Leboyer, F Schürhoff
OBJECTIVES: Reducing the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) may improve the prognosis of schizophrenia. This study investigated the prevalence, and associated risk factors, of long DUP in a large, non-selected sample of community-dwelling schizophrenia patients (SZ). METHOD: 478 community-dwelling stable SZ participants (122 women and 356 men; mean age 32.37±9.86years) were recruited between 2010 and 2016. The mean retrospective DUP was evaluated from both patient and family reports, as well as hospital/psychiatrists records...
September 6, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888350/anterior-cingulate-cortex-grey-matter-volume-abnormalities-in-adolescents-with-ptsd-after-childhood-sexual-abuse
#18
Mirjam A Rinne-Albers, J Nienke Pannekoek, Marie-José van Hoof, Natasja D van Lang, Francien Lamers-Winkelman, Serge A Rombouts, Nic J van der Wee, Robert R Vermeiren
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) substantially increase the risk of later psychiatric and somatic pathology. While neurobiological factors are likely to play a mediating role, specific insights are lacking. The scarce neuroimaging studies in traumatised pediatric populations have provided inconsistent results, potentially due to the inclusion of different types of trauma. To further improve our understanding of the neurobiology of pediatric psychotrauma, this study seeks to investigate abnormalities in grey matter volume (GMV) in a homogeneous group of adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and the relationship between GMV and symptom severity...
September 6, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883869/ataxia-in-childhood-epidemiological-clinical-and-neuroradiologic-features-and-the-risk-of-recurrence
#19
REVIEW
Mohsen Javadzadeh, Masoud Hassanvand Amouzadeh, Shaghayegh Sadat Esmail Nejad, Ezatollah Abasi, Abbas Alipour, Mohsen Mollamohammadi
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted on the demographic data, clinical characteristics, electroencephalography, neuroradiological findings, and their impact on the recurrence of ataxia. MATERIALS & METHODS: A 3-yr retrospective review of 49 children with ataxia in Mofid Children Hospital, Tehran, Iran was conducted from Apr 2013 to Apr 2016. The demographic, clinical and paraclinical data were recorded in pre-prepared questionnaires. The patients were also classified in two groups of with or without recurrence and the results were compared...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883800/childhood-trauma-and-minimization-denial-in-people-with-and-without-a-severe-mental-disorder
#20
Chelsea Church, Ole A Andreassen, Steinar Lorentzen, Ingrid Melle, Monica Aas
Background: Childhood trauma has garnered extensive research concerning its role in the psychopathology of mental disorders, including psychosis. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) utilizes a minimization/denial (MD) scale to denote potential under-reporters of trauma, yet MD scores are infrequently reported and validations of the scale are lacking in the literature. STUDY AIM: Elucidate differences in MD between patients with severe mental disorders to healthy individuals, and secondly, investigate if MD influences reports of childhood trauma between the groups...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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