keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Weight loss

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239971/characterization-of-n-methylated-amino-acids-by-gc-ms-after-ethyl-chloroformate-derivatization
#1
B Sudarshana Reddy, V Naresh Chary, P Pavankumar, S Prabhakar
Methylation is an essential metabolic process in the biological systems, and it is significant for several biological reactions in living organisms. Methylated compounds are known to be involved in most of the bodily functions, and some of them serve as biomarkers. Theoretically, all α-amino acids can be methylated, and it is possible to encounter them in most animal/plant samples. But the analytical data, especially the mass spectral data, are available only for a few of the methylated amino acids. Thus, it is essential to generate mass spectral data and to develop mass spectrometry methods for the identification of all possible methylated amino acids for future metabolomic studies...
August 2016: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239907/effects-of-oral-%C3%AE-lipoic-acid-administration-on-body-weight-in-overweight-or-obese-subjects-a-crossover-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
Nong Li, Weili Yan, Xiaojuan Hu, Yongdi Huang, Fugang Wang, Weiguo Zhang, Qian Wang, Xiaoling Wang, Kehong Sun
OBJECTIVE: Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) has shown beneficial properties on diabetes and obesity. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of oral ALA on body weight in subjects with overweight or obese. DESIGN: Single-centre, randomized, double-blind, crossover controlled study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 166 subjects of Chinese Han ethnicity with a BMI ≥25 kg/m(2) were screened and 103 subjects fulfilled the study requirements, in terms of informed consent and participation to the study...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239861/glucocorticoid-deficient-hypoadrenocorticism-secondary-to-intravascular-lymphoma-in-the-adrenal-glands-of-a-dog
#3
M E Buckley, P S Chapman, A Walsh
CASE REPORT: A 2-year-old neutered male German Shepherd dog was presented with weakness, poor appetite and weight loss. Glucocorticoid-deficient hypoadrenocorticism was diagnosed with undetectable pre- and post-ACTH cortisol concentrations but normal sodium and potassium concentrations. Despite appropriate supplementation with glucocorticoids, the patient's weakness progressed and neurological deficits developed. The patient was euthanased. Histopathological analysis of multiple organs, including the adrenal glands, showed an accumulation of neoplastic lymphocytes within blood vessels, consistent with a diagnosis of intravascular lymphoma...
March 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239526/weight-loss-in-the-early-stage-of-progressive-supranuclear-palsy
#4
Ayako Tsuge, Satoshi Kaneko, Reika Wate, Mitsuaki Oki, Masato Nagashima, Shinya Asayama, Masataka Nakamura, Kengo Fujita, Akemi Saito, Norihiro Takenouchi, Hirofumi Kusaka
OBJECTIVES: To clarify whether weight change in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) or progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is caused by the disease itself or secondarily by other factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 51 patients with PD and 14 patients with PSP, especially during the early stage of their diseases. All patients were independent in terms of their activities of daily living and did not have any feeding difficulty...
February 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239482/aggressive-clinical-approach-to-obesity-improves-metabolic-and-clinical-outcomes-and-can-prevent-bariatric-surgery-a-single-center-experience
#5
Flavio A Cadegiani, Gustavo C Diniz, Gabriella Alves
BACKGROUND: The number of bariatric procedures has exponentially increased in the past decade, as a result of the lack of successful clinical weight-loss interventions. The main reasons for the failure of clinical obesity management are: (1) anti-obesity medications are administered as monotherapies (or pre-combined drugs); (2) lack of combination between pharmacotherapy and non-pharmacological modalities; (3) short duration of pharmacotherapy for obesity; (4) lack of weight-loss maintenance strategies; (5) misunderstanding of the complex pathophysiology of obesity; and (6) underprescription of anti-obesity medications...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239404/impact-of-a-6-week-non-energy-restricted-ketogenic-diet-on-physical-fitness-body-composition-and-biochemical-parameters-in-healthy-adults
#6
Paul Urbain, Lena Strom, Lena Morawski, Anja Wehrle, Peter Deibert, Hartmut Bertz
BACKGROUND: The ketogenic diet (KD) is a very low-carbohydrate, high-fat and adequate-protein diet that without limiting calories induces different metabolic adaptations, eg, increased levels of circulating ketone bodies and a shift to lipid metabolism. Our objective was to assess the impact of a 6-week non-energy-restricted KD in healthy adults beyond cohorts of athletes on physical performance, body composition, and blood parameters. METHODS: Our single arm, before-and-after comparison study consisted of a 6-week KD with a previous preparation period including detailed instructions during classes and individual counselling by a dietitian...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239161/weighing-words-adolescent-preferences-and-reactions-to-language-about-body-weight
#7
R M Puhl, M S Himmelstein, S C Armstrong, E Kingsford
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Over 30% of youth and adolescents have overweight or obesity, and health care providers are increasingly discussing weight-based health with these patients. Stigmatizing language in provider-patient communication about obesity is well documented and could be particularly detrimental to youth and adolescents. Although some research has examined preferences for weight-based terminology among adults, no studies have addressed these issues in youth populations. This study represents a preliminary and systematic investigation of weight-based language preferences among adolescents with overweight and obesity enrolled in a summer weight loss camp...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238911/anti-hyperglycemic-activity-of-polysaccharides-from-calyx-of-physalis-alkekengi-var-franchetii-makino-on-alloxan-induced-mice
#8
Yu Guo, Sujuan Li, Jianxin Li, Zhiyuan Ren, Feng Chen, Xiaowen Wang
The present study was undertaken to investigate the hypoglycemic effect of polysaccharides (PPSC) isolated from calyx of Physalis alkekengi var. franchetii Makino in alloxan-induced diabetic mice. Seven polysaccharide fractions were obtained through a DEAE-52 column and Sephadex G-100 gel column and they were the main composes of PPSC. The PPSC treatment could prevent the loss of body weight in diabetic mice and result in a decrease of fasting blood glucose (FBG) and glycated serum protein (GSP) and an increase of fasting serum insulin in a dose-dependent manner...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238839/postpartum-weight-loss-in-overweight-and-obese-women-using-the-etonogestrel-subdermal-implant-a-pilot-study
#9
Leanne Griffin, Cassing Hammond, Dachao Liu, Alfred W Rademaker, Jessica Kiley
OBJECTIVE: To compare weight loss during the first 6months postpartum in overweight and obese women using the etonogestrel-implant, placed in the immediate postpartum period, with that of controls using non-hormonal contraception, utilizing a pilot design. STUDY DESIGN: Pilot, prospective cohort study. Analysis groups were divided by body mass index (BMI) (Overweight: 25-29.9kg/m(2); Class I Obesity: 30-34.5kg/m(2); Class II Obesity: 35-39.9kg/m(2)) and grouped by use of etonogestrel implant or non-hormonal contraception for all outcomes...
February 24, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238837/molecular-weight-dependent-degradation-and-drug-release-of-surface-eroding-poly-ethylene-carbonate
#10
Adam Bohr, Yingya Wang, Necati Harmankaya, Jorrit J Water, Stefania Baldursdottír, Kristoffer Almdal, Moritz Beck-Broichsitter
Poly(ethylene carbonate) (PEC) is an unique biomaterial showing significant potential for controlled drug delivery applications. The current study investigated the impact of the molecular weight on the biological performance of drug-loaded PEC films. Following the preparation and thorough physicochemical characterization of diverse PEC (molecular weights: 85, 110, 133, 174 and 196 kDa), the degradation and drug release behavior of rifampicin- and bovine serum albumin-loaded PEC films was investigated in vitro (in the presence and absence of cholesterol esterase), in cell culture (RAW264...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238650/which-patients-discontinue-issues-on-levodopa-carbidopa-intestinal-gel-treatment-italian-multicentre-survey-of-905-patients-with-long-term-follow-up
#11
Mariachiara Sensi, Giovanni Cossu, Francesca Mancini, Manuela Pilleri, Maurizio Zibetti, Nicola Modugno, Rocco Quatrale, Filippo Tamma, Angelo Antonini
OBJECTIVES: To report the results of a national survey aimed at quantifying the current level of diffusion of Levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) in Italy. METHODS: Sixty Parkinson's Disease (PD) specialists in Italy were invited to complete a survey covering issues on clinical and practical aspects of LCIG therapy. RESULTS: Clinical features of 905 patients were collected retrospectively. The majority of centres reported the use of a multidisciplinary team, biochemistry testing, neurophysiological and neuropsychological tests before and after treatment, in addition to caregivers' training and patient's follow as outpatients...
February 21, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238634/the-cumulative-effects-of-intravenous-antibiotic-treatments-on-hearing-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#12
Angela C Garinis, Campbell P Cross, Priya Srikanth, Kelly Carroll, M Patrick Feeney, Douglas H Keefe, Lisa L Hunter, Daniel B Putterman, David M Cohen, Jeffrey A Gold, Peter S Steyger
BACKGROUND: Aminoglycosides (AGs) and glycopeptides are antibiotics essential for treating life-threatening respiratory infections in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). The goal of this study was to examine the effects of cumulative intravenous (IV)-AG (amikacin and/or tobramycin) and/or glycopeptide (vancomycin) dosing on hearing status in patients with CF. METHODS: Hearing thresholds were measured from 0.25 to 16.0kHz, in 81 participants with CF. Participants were categorized into two groups: normal hearing in both ears (≤25dB HL for all frequency bands) or hearing loss (>25dB HL for any frequency band in either ear)...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238482/effect-of-weight-loss-on-puberty-onset-in-overweight-children
#13
Thomas Reinehr, Christina Bosse, Nina Lass, Juliane Rothermel, Caroline Knop, Christian Ludwig Roth
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of weight changes on the onset of puberty in overweight children. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated the timing of puberty onset in 160 prepubertal overweight children (aged 11.2 ± 1.0 years) depending on the changes of their weight status in a 1-year lifestyle intervention. We determined body mass index (BMI), pubertal stage, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3, insulin resistance index homeostatic model assessment, and serum gonadotropins at baseline and 1 year later...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238397/65-year-old-man-with-weight-loss-and-progressive-acral-necrosis
#14
Thanh P Ho, Paolo Strati, Tony Y Chon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238314/-obstetrical-aps-is-there-a-place-for-additional-treatment-to-aspirin-heparin-combination
#15
A Mekinian, G Kayem, J Cohen, L Carbillon, N Abisror, L Josselin-Mahr, M Bornes, O Fain
Obstetrical APS is defined by thrombosis and/or obstetrical morbidity associated with persistent antiphospholipid antibodies. The aspirin and low molecular weighted heparin combination dramatically improved obstetrical outcome in APS patients. Several factors could be associated with obstetrical prognosis, as previous history of thrombosis, associated SLE, the presence of lupus anticoagulant and triple positivity of antiphospholipid antibodies. Obstetrical APS with isolated recurrent miscarriages is mostly associated with isolated anticardiolipids antibodies and have better obstetrical outcome...
January 2017: Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237971/body-mass-index-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#16
Margarita Brida, Konstantinos Dimopoulos, Alexander Kempny, Emmanouil Liodakis, Rafael Alonso-Gonzalez, Lorna Swan, Anselm Uebing, Helmut Baumgartner, Michael A Gatzoulis, Gerhard-Paul Diller
OBJECTIVE: Abnormal body mass index (BMI) is associated with higher mortality in various cardiovascular cohorts. The prognostic implications of BMI in adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) are unknown. We aim to assess the distribution of BMI and its association with symptoms and survival in the ACHD population. METHODS: We included 3069 ACHD patients (median age 32.6 years) under follow-up at our institution between 2001 and 2015. Patients were classified based on BMI as underweight (<18...
February 25, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237639/years-of-potential-life-lost-and-life-expectancy-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Carsten Hjorthøj, Anne Emilie Stürup, John J McGrath, Merete Nordentoft
BACKGROUND: Several studies and meta-analyses have shown that mortality in people with schizophrenia is higher than that in the general population but have used relative measures, such as standardised mortality ratios. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate years of potential life lost and life expectancy in schizophrenia, which are more direct, absolute measures of increased mortality. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, Cinahl, and Web of Science for published studies on years of potential life lost and life expectancy in schizophrenia...
February 22, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237635/prevent-dm-comparative-effectiveness-trial-of-lifestyle-intervention-and-metformin
#18
Matthew J O'Brien, Alberly Perez, Adam B Scanlan, Victor A Alos, Robert C Whitaker, Gary D Foster, Ronald T Ackermann, Jody D Ciolino, Carol Homko
INTRODUCTION: Although the Diabetes Prevention Program and other clinical trials demonstrated the efficacy of intensive lifestyle interventions (ILI) and metformin to prevent type 2 diabetes, no studies have tested their comparative effects in pragmatic settings. This study was designed to compare the real-world effectiveness of ILI, metformin, and standard care among Hispanic women (Latinas) with prediabetes. STUDY DESIGN: RCT. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-two Latinas, who had a mean hemoglobin A1c of 5...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237597/comparison-of-immune-responses-in-calves-fed-heat-treated-or-unheated-colostrum
#19
S L Gelsinger, A J Heinrichs
Understanding the mechanisms that underlie neonatal immune function is important for appropriately treating and preventing disease. Cytokines provided in colostrum may affect immune development and function, but data describing cytokine absorption in calves and the effects of colostrum heat treatment on absorption are limited. The objectives of this experiment were to characterize immune responses in calves that received heat-treated (HT) or unheated (UH) colostrum (in terms of growth, rectal temperature, and blood cytokine and IgG concentrations) and to determine calves' ability to absorb IFNγ and IL1β from HT and UH colostrum...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237560/intestinal-gluconeogenesis-another-weight-loss-independent-antidiabetic-effect-of-metabolic-surgery
#20
EDITORIAL
Ricardo V Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
keyword
keyword
489
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"