Read by QxMD icon Read

Weight loss

Hiwa O Ahmed, Sarmad H Arif, Sabah Abid Abdulhakim, Aram Kakarash, Mohammad Amin Ali Omer, Aree Majid Nuri, Hallo H Omer, Hardi Kareem Jalal, Shahen H Omer, Nashadin Aziz Muhammad
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of morbid obesity suggests that the quantity of bariatric surgical procedures will continue to multiply each year, many patients who have experienced massive weight loss are left with the dissatisfying consequences of loose and redundant skin, resulting in contour irregularities, an aesthetic and functional problem, and profound dissatisfaction with appearance, residual body image dissatisfaction, There is a subsequent increase in the number of patients seeking additional corrective procedures including abdominoplasty which considered as one of the most popular body-contouring procedures...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Mami Yamada, Chihiro Hokazono, Mitsuharu Okutsu
Regular exercise during pregnancy can prevent offspring from several diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, obesity, and type II diabetes during adulthood. However, little information is available about whether maternal exercises during pregnancy protect the offspring from infectious diseases, such as sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). This study aimed to investigate whether maternal exercise training protects the offspring from endotoxin-induced septic shock in mice. Female C57BL/6 mice performed voluntary wheel exercises during pregnancy...
September 2018: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Patrick J Bigelow, Wayne Loescher, James F Hancock, Rebecca Grumet
Reducing crop losses due to abiotic stresses is a major target of agricultural biotechnology that will increase with climate change and global population growth. Concerns, however, have been raised about potential ecological impacts if transgenes become established in wild populations and cause increased competitiveness of weedy or invasive species. Potential risks will be a function of transgene movement, population sizes, and fitness effects on the recipient population. While key components influencing gene flow have been extensively investigated, there have been few studies on factors subsequent to transgene movement that can influence persistence and competitiveness...
July 2018: Evolutionary Applications
Ali Soltani, Samira MafiMoghaddam, Atena Oladzad-Abbasabadi, Katelynn Walter, Patrick J Kearns, Jose Vasquez-Guzman, Sujan Mamidi, Rian Lee, Ashley L Shade, Janette L Jacobs, Martin I Chilivers, David B Lowry, Phillip McClean, Juan M Osorno
Climate change models predict temporal and spatial shifts in precipitation resulting in more frequent incidents of flooding, particularly in regions with poor soil drainage. In these flooding conditions, crop losses are inevitable due to exposure of plants to hypoxia and the spread of root rot diseases. Improving the tolerance of bean cultivars to flooding is crucial to minimize crop losses. In this experiment, we evaluated the phenotypic responses of 277 genotypes from the Andean Diversity Panel to flooding at germination and seedling stages...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Sang-Yeon Lee, Dong-Han Lee, Yun Jung Bae, Jae-Jin Song, Ji Soo Kim, Ja-Won Koo
Background: Superficial siderosis (SS) is a rare condition in which hemosiderin, an iron storage complex, is deposited in neural tissues because of recurrent subarachnoid bleeding. Hemosiderin deposition in the vestibulocochlear nerve (CN VIII), brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerve can cause sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and postural imbalance, but much remains unknown about the vestibular manifestations of SS. Objectives: To report the clinical course, cochleovestibular status, and patterns of vestibulopathy during follow-up of a relatively large case series, and to discuss the possible pathophysiological mechanism of vestibular deterioration...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Anwar E Ahmed, Wala R Alanazi, Rayan A Ahmed, Wijdan AlJohi, Doaa A AlBuraikan, Budor A AlRasheed, Bashayr I ALMuqbil, Ali A Al-Zahrani, Zeyad M Yousef, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
Background: Although the frequency of surgical weight loss interventions has increased in Saudi Arabia, literature describing the clinical outcomes of bariatric surgery in Saudi Arabia is limited. This study aimed to assess whether weight loss intervention improves hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in obese patients and to identify its associated factors. Patients and methods: A retrospective study was carried out on 318 patients with obesity class 1 or higher (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30 kg/m2 ) who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass at King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between January 1, 2001 and March 31, 2017...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
Ricardo Brandt, Guilherme G Bevilacqua, Danilo R Coimbra, Luiz C Pombo, Bianca Miarka, Andrew M Lane
Brandt, R, Bevilacqua, GG, Coimbra, DR, Pombo, LC, Miarka, B, and Lane, AM. Body weight and mood state modifications in mixed martial arts: An exploratory pilot. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Mixed martial arts (MMA) fighters typically use rapid weight loss (RWL) as a strategy to make competition weight. The aim of the present study was to compare body weight and mood changes in professional male MMA athletes who used strategies to rapidly lose weight (n = 9) and with MMA athletes who did not (n = 3)...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Eduardo H Umeoka, Matheus C Eiras, Iara G Viana, Vanessa S Giorgi, Aline Bueno, Débora C Damasceno, Norberto Garcia-Cairasco, Paula A Navarro
Wistar Audiogenic Rat (WAR) strain is an animal model for epilepsy studies, the chronic multifactorial disease that affects millions of people worldwide. The animals of this strain are genetically predisposed to sound-induced seizures, called audiogenic seizures, and have been used for many years in studies to understand the mechanisms involved in the epilepsies and their neuropsychiatric comorbidities, as well as the screening of potential anti-convulsant agents. Nevertheless, little is known about the reproductive characteristics of these animals...
June 21, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
David C Viano, Chantal S Parenteau
PURPOSE: This study investigated trends in severe injury and ejection in rollover crashes involving lap-shoulder belted drivers and right-front passengers. It was conducted because of changes in 2009 to consumer information programs and regulations related to rollover protection. The data is presented by model year (MY) of the vehicle in groups from 1995-2016. NASS-CDS cases with 2010-16 MY vehicles were also evaluated to determine the crash circumstances and causes for severe injury of belted occupants in vehicles with a high strength-to-weight (SWR) roof, curtain and side airbags and other safety improvements...
June 21, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Talea Cornelius, Katelyn Gettens, Erin Lenz, Alexis C Wojtanowski, Gary D Foster, Amy A Gorin
OBJECTIVE: Controlling or prescriptive support styles (e.g., pressure) often hinder weight loss, but can sometimes be beneficial. This secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial examined persuasion, pressure, and indirect social control among cohabiting couples and the effect of these supports on weight loss. METHODS: Couples ( NCouples = 130) were randomized to either Weight Watchers (WW) or a self-guided control condition (SG). Only one member of each couple received the intervention; the other member of the couple was untreated...
June 21, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
L S Donnelly, R L Shaw, M Pegington, C J Armitage, D G Evans, A Howell, M N Harvie
BACKGROUND: Weight-loss programmes requiring intermittent energy restriction offer an alternative to continuous energy restriction programmes that typically have low adherence. We reported greater weight loss, better adherence and spontaneous reduced energy intake on healthy eating days with intermittent as opposed to continuous energy restriction. The present study aims to explore why intermittent energy restriction diets exert these positive effects. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 13 women aged 39-62 years, who followed a 4-month intermittent energy restriction (2 days of low energy/low carbohydrate, 5 days of healthy eating)...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Hong-Fang Yang, Xiao-Jing Lin, Xiao-Hui Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of 4-week moderate aerobic exercise plus diet control on serum levels of total insulin-like growth factor 1(IGF-1) and IGF-1 binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) as well as IGF-1 activity (reflected by molar ratio of IGF-1/IGFBP-3) in female obese adolescents and youths, and their possible role on fat loss, and improvement of glucose and lipid metabolism. METHODS: Nine female obese youths (age:18~19 y) and 30 female obese adolescents (age:14~16 y) were recruited and undertook 4-week aerobic exercise such as swimming and jogging (6 days/week, twice a day, 2 h/time with 5 min rest per 30 min exercise) with gradual increase of intensity from low (heart rate immediately post-exercise of 1st week:100~120 beats/min) to moderate (heart rate immediately post-exercise of 2nd -4th weeks:120~140 beats/min) level, combined with a diet intervention (total daily energy intake of 1 400 or 1 600 kcal according to basal metabolism rate) in Shanghai Dianfeng weight loss enclosed camp...
January 8, 2018: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
Xiao-Meng Wang, Tong Zhao, Xiang Cheng, Ning Guo, Ling-Ling Zhu, Ming Shi, Kui-Wu Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of deficiency of CHL1 in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Dextran Sulfate Sodium (DSS)-induced colitis model was used to study the effects of deficiency of CHL1 on the development of IBD. Ten CHL1(+/+) mice in C57/BL6 background were randomly divided into CHL1(+/+) group and DSS-induced CHL1(+/+) group. Ten CHL1(-/-) mice in C57/BL6 background were randomly divided into CHL1(-/-) group and DSS-induced CHL1(-/-) group...
January 8, 2018: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
Sunmi Ju, Tae Won Lee, Jung Wan Yoo, Seung Jun Lee, Yu Ji Cho, Yi Yeong Jeong, Jong Deog Lee, Ju Young Kim, Gi Dong Lee, Ho Cheol Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the influence of body mass index (BMI) on the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill patients in intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Data of patients admitted to medical ICU from December 2011 to May 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were classified into three groups according to their BMI: underweight (<18.5 kg/m²), normal (18.5-24.9 kg/m²), and overweight (≥25 kg/m²). The incidence of AKI was compared among these groups and factors associated with the development of AKI were analyzed...
June 19, 2018: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
G Montalbano, M Mania, F Abbate, M Navarra, M C Guerrera, R Laura, J A Vega, M Levanti, A Germanà
PURPOSE: Overweight and obesity are important risk factors for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and premature death in modern society. Recently, numerous natural and synthetic compounds have been tested in diet-induced obese animal models, to counteract obesity. Melatonin is a circadian hormone, produced by pineal gland and extra-pineal sources, involved in processes which have in common a rhythmic expression. In teleost, it can control energy balance by activating or inhibiting appetite-related peptides...
June 20, 2018: Endocrine
Md Maruf Khan, Yoon Seok Choi, Young Kyun Kim, Jin Cheol Yoo
Pectin degrading enzyme has been increasing interest in an industrial application as biocatalysts, such as juice, textile, and wine industry. Bacillus paralicheniformis CBS3, isolated from popular traditional Korean food (kimchi), produced a novel extracellular thermostable alkaline endopolygalacturonase (BPN3). In this study, BPN3 was purified to 22.04-fold with a recovery yield of 18.93% and specific activity of 2216.41 U/mg by gel filtration and anion exchange column chromatography. The molecular mass of BPN3 was approximately 53 kDa as analyzed by SDS-PAGE and pectic zymography...
June 20, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
Iľja Krno, Pavel Beracko, Tomáš Navara, Ferdinand Šporka, Emília Mišíková Elexová
This study was based on the complex environmental monitoring of the Danube River in Slovakia. Out of 23 monitored sites, three were chosen for the aim of this study. The three sites were sampled regularly three times per year during a 25-year period, which started in 1990, 2 years before the Gabčíkovo waterworks became operational. Each site represented one of the main potamal types, which we recognised according to the habitat characteristics as eupotamal, parapotamal and plesiopotamal. In order to assess changes which occurred during the 25 years, we studied taxocoenoses of Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera, which sensitively reflect anthropogenic impacts...
June 20, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Tianyao Zheng, Shulan Su, Xinxin Dai, Liwen Zhang, Jin-Ao Duan, Zhen Ou-Yang
Silkworm excrement (SE), is used as a traditional antirheumatic medicine in China. The present study was designed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of water fraction of SE (ST) and ethanol fraction of SE (CT) at two different doses on adjuvant induced arthritis (AA) rats. Arthritis severity was evaluated by body weight, paw thickness, histological changes and index of paws oedema and spleen. Serum samples were collected for estimation of biochemical indicators and cytokines. In addition, a metabonomic method based on the ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) had been established to investigate the holistic efficacy of SE by serum and urine...
June 20, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Caterina Casari, David S Paul, Sophie Susen, Cécile Lavenu-Bombled, Annie Harroche, Raymond Piatt, Kathryn O Poe, Robert H Lee, Marijke Bryckaert, Olivier D Christophe, Peter J Lenting, Cécile V Denis, Wolfgang Bergmeier
von Willebrand disease (VWD) type 2B is characterized by gain-of-function mutations in von Willebrand factor (VWF), enhancing its binding affinity for the platelet receptor glycoprotein (GP)Ibα. VWD type 2B patients display a bleeding tendency associated with loss of high-molecular-weight VWF multimers and variable thrombocytopenia. We recently demonstrated that a marked defect in agonist-induced activation of the small GTPase, Rap1, and integrin αIIbβ3 in VWD (p.V1316M) type 2B platelets also contributes to the bleeding tendency...
June 26, 2018: Blood Advances
Teayoun Kim, Shelly Nason, Cassie Holleman, Mark Pepin, Landon Wilson, Taylor F Berryhill, Adam R Wende, Chad Steele, Martin E Young, Stephen Barnes, Daniel J Drucker, Brian Finan, Richard DiMarchi, Diego Perez-Tilve, Matthias Tschoep, Kirk M Habegger
Glucagon, an essential regulator of glucose and lipid metabolism, also promotes weight loss, in part through potentiation of fibroblast-growth factor 21 (FGF21) secretion. However, FGF21 is only a partial mediator of metabolic actions ensuing from GcgR-activation, prompting us to search for additional pathways. Intriguingly, chronic GcgR agonism increases plasma bile acid levels. We hypothesized that GcgR agonism regulates energy metabolism, at least in part, through farnesoid X receptor (FXR). To test this hypothesis, we studied whole body and liver-specific FXR knockout ( Fxr ∆liver ) mice...
June 20, 2018: Diabetes
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"