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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239995/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-brief-intervention-for-alcohol-and-drugs-linked-to-the-alcohol-smoking-and-substance-involvement-screening-test-assist-in-primary-health-care-in-chile
#1
Fernando Poblete, Nicolas A Barticevic, M Soledad Zuzulic, Rodrigo Portilla, Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Jaime C Sapag, Luis Villarroel, Brena F Sena, Magdalena Galarce
AIM: To study the effectiveness of a Brief Intervention (BI) associated with the ASSIST (Alcohol Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test) for alcohol and illicit drug use as part of a systematic screening program implemented in primary care. DESIGN: A multi-center randomized open-label trial stratified using the ASSIST-specific substance involvement score (for alcohol, scores ranged from 11 to 15 and 16 to 20; and for the other substances, from 4 to 12 and 13 to 20)...
February 27, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239986/molecular-analysis-of-the-early-interaction-between-the-grapevine-flower-and-botrytis-cinerea-reveals-that-prompt-activation-of-specific-host-pathways-leads-to-fungus-quiescence
#2
Zeraye H Mehari, Stefania Pilati, Paolo Sonego, Giulia Malacarne, Urska Vrhovsek, Kristof Engelen, Paul Tudzynski, Michela Zottini, Elena Baraldi, Claudio Moser
Grapes quality and yield can be impaired by bunch rot, caused by the necrotrophic fungus Botrytis cinerea. Infection often occurs at flowering and the pathogen stays quiescent until fruit maturity. Here, we report a molecular analysis of the early interaction between B. cinerea and Vitis vinifera flowers, using a controlled infection system, confocal microscopy and integrated transcriptomic and metabolic analysis of the host and the pathogen. Flowers from fruiting cuttings of the cv. Pinot Noir were infected with GFP-labeled B...
February 27, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239949/temporal-trends-in-peripheral-arterial-interventions-observations-from-the-blue-cross-blue-shield-of-michigan-cardiovascular-consortium-bmc2-pvi
#3
Michael P Thomas, Yeo Jung Park, Scott Grey, Theodore L Schreiber, Hitinder S Gurm, Dale Leffler, Thomas P Davis, Peter Henke, Paul Michael Grossman
OBJECTIVES: The aim is to examine trends in procedural indication, arterial beds treated, and device usage in peripheral arterial interventions (PVIs). BACKGROUND: There is little data on indication, vascular beds treated and devices utilized for peripheral arterial interventions. METHODS: We used data from 43 hospitals participating in the BMC2 VIC registry. PVIs were separated by year and divided by arterial segment. Lower extremity PVIs were subclassified as having been performed for claudication or critical limb ischemia (CLI)...
February 27, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239948/burnout-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-dental-and-dental-hygiene-students
#4
George R Deeb, Sarah Braun, Caroline Carrico, Patricia Kinser, Daniel Laskin, Janina Golob Deeb
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between burnout, depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in dental and dental hygiene students and to evaluate the influence of gender, programme type and year of study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Third- and fourth-year dental (DS) and first- and second-year hygiene students (DHS) completed the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and an abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory online as measures of depressive symptoms/suicidality and burnout, respectively...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239944/pancreatoduodenectomy-and-the-risk-of-complications-from-perioperative-fluid-administration
#5
Preetjote Gill, Terence C Chua, Yeqian Huang, Shreya Mehta, Anubhav Mittal, Anthony J Gill, Jaswinder S Samra
BACKGROUND: The dogma of administering sufficient intravenous fluids aggressively to avoid under-resuscitation has recently been challenged. Evidence suggests that excessive perioperative fluid administration may be associated with negative clinical outcomes in gastrointestinal surgery. This study examines the impact of fluid administration on perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 202 patients undergoing PD between January 2004 and August 2015 was performed...
February 27, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239914/-d-10-meld-as-a-novel-predictor-of-patient-and-graft-survival-after-adult-to-adult-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#6
Arvinder Singh Soin, Sanjay Goja, Sanjay Kumar Yadav, Tseten Yonjen Tamang, Amit Rastogi, Prashant Bhangui, S Thiagrajan, Vikram Raut, Raghvendra Y Babu, Neeraj Saraf, Narendra Singh Chaudhary, Vijay Vohara
We modified the previously described DMELD score in deceased donor liver transplant, to (D+10)MELD to account for living donors being about 10 years younger than deceased donors, and tested it on living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) recipients. 500 consecutive LDLT, between July 2010 and December 2012 were retrospectively analyzed to see the effect of (D+10)MELD on patient and graft survival. Donor age alone did not influence survival. Recipients were divided into 6 classes on based on the (D+10)MELD score: Class 1 (0-399), Class 2 (400-799), Class 3 (800-1199), class 4 (1200-1599), Class 5 (1600-1999) and Class 6 (>2000)...
February 26, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239812/the-role-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-in-the-classification-of-febrile-seizures
#7
Y Yigit, S Yilmaz, A Akdogan, H C Halhalli, A E Ozbek, E G Gencer
OBJECTIVE: Most febrile seizures occur outside of hospitals, and in most cases, information about the characteristics of the seizures is obtained from the parents. This makes it difficult to differentiate between simple and complex seizures. The aim of this study is to evaluate the significance of the Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) and the red blood cell (erythrocyte) distribution width (RDW) in distinguishing between simple and complex febrile seizures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The files of 142 patients between the ages of 6 months and 5 years who were admitted to the Emergency Department with the diagnosis of first febrile seizure were reviewed retrospectively...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239808/atrial-fibrillation-prevalence-and-atrial-vulnerability-analysis-in-paroxysmal-supraventricular-tachycardia-patients-after-radiofrequency-ablation
#8
Q-X Zhao, Y-M Zhao, L Mao, D-L Shen, X-Y Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) patient has higher prevalence ratio of atrial fibrillation (AF), while AF recurrence remains a high ratio after radiofrequency ablation (RFCA). This study explored AF prevalence and atrial vulnerability in PSVT patients after RFCA, using ROC curve to analyze atrial effective refractory period dispersion (dERP) on postoperative AF in the prediction of PSVT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The PSVT patients were enrolled and divided into three groups and received RFCA treatment between January 2010 and December 2014...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239707/optically-probing-the-localized-to-delocalized-transition-in-mo2-mo2-mixed-valence-systems
#9
Yi Yang Wu, Miao Meng, Gang Yi Wang, Pengju Feng, Chun Y Liu
Four thienylene (C4H2S) bridged Mo2 dimers, [Mo2(DAniF)3]2(μ-OOCC4H2SCOO) (DAniF = N,N'-di(p-anisyl)formamidinate), [Mo2(DAniF)3]2(μ-N(H)SCC4H2SCN(H)S), [Mo2(DAniF)3]2(μ-OSCC4H2SCSO) and [Mo2(DAniF)3]2(μ-SSCC4H2SCSS), have been synthesized and studied in terms of electronic coupling. The subtle structural differences between these compounds vary largely the extent of electron delocalization; consequently, a systematic transition from Class II to Class III via Class II-III is achieved, which is probed using spectral parameters of intervalence charge transfer (IVCT) absorption (band energy, intensity and shape) for the mixed-valence complexes...
February 27, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239667/disregard-of-neurological-impairments-associated-with-neglected-tropical-diseases-in-africa
#10
Emmanuel Quansah, Esther Sarpong, Thomas K Karikari
Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) affect people in the bottom billion poorest in the world. These diseases are concentrated in rural areas, conflict zones and urban slums in Africa and other tropical areas. While the World Health Organization recognizes seventeen priority NTDs, the list of conditions present in Africa and elsewhere that are eligible to be classified as NTDs is much longer. Although NTDs are generally marginalized, their associated neurological burden has been almost completely disregarded...
June 2016: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239579/neck-trauma-ent-prospects
#11
Kavita Sachdeva, Aparaajita Upadhyay
Neck trauma is a very important surgical emergency faced by ENT surgeons in day to day practice. They are potentially life threatening conditions due to the presence of many vital structures in this area. Timely presentation to the referral centre and proper multidisciplinary approach towards management plays a pivotal role in the healing pattern of the wound and prevention of serious complication like shock, sepsis, laryngeal stenosis or fistula formation. A retrospective study was done in ENT Department, NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India during the period of 2014-2016...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239576/cut-throat-injury-our-experience-in-rural-set-up
#12
Debdulal Chakraborty, Chiranjib Das, Arvind Kumar Verma, Rajesh Hansda
Cut throat injuries are one of the emergency conditions managed by ENT specialists. If not treated in time, they may lead to death. Prevention of these complications depends on immediate resuscitation by securing the airway by tracheostomy or intubation, prompt control of hemorrhage and blood replacement. The present study was conducted to study the sociodemographic profile of patients of cut throat injury, motives behind cut throat injury, site and depth of the injury, treatment given at our hospital and outcome...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239534/transcriptome-and-metabolome-analysis-of-liver-and-kidneys-of-rats-chronically-fed-nk603-roundup-tolerant-genetically-modified-maize
#13
Robin Mesnage, Matthew Arno, Gilles-Eric Séralini, Michael N Antoniou
BACKGROUND: A previous 2-year rat feeding trial assessing potential toxicity of NK603 Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize revealed blood and urine biochemical changes indicative of liver and kidney pathology. In an effort to obtain deeper insight into these findings, molecular profiling of the liver and kidneys from the same animals was undertaken. RESULTS: Transcriptomics showed no segregation of NK603 maize and control feed groups with false discovery rates ranging from 43 to 83% at a cut-off p value of 1%...
2017: Environmental Sciences Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239516/nonmotor-symptoms-in-primary-adult-onset-cervical-dystonia-and-blepharospasm
#14
Jing Yang, Na Shao, Wei Song, Qianqian Wei, Ruwei Ou, Ying Wu, Hui-Fang Shang
BACKGROUND: The nature and frequency of nonmotor symptoms in primary adult-onset cervical dystonia (CD) and blepharospasm (BSP) patients in Chinese populations remain unknown. METHODS: Hamilton's Depression Scale (HAMD), Hamilton's Anxiety Scale (HAMA), Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination Revised (ACE-R), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Epworth Sleepiness Scale were used to evaluate NMS in 120 patients with primary focal adult-onset dystonia (60 with BSP and 60 with CD) and 60 age-, sex-, and education level- matched healthy controls (HCs)...
February 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239495/a-pulmonary-rehabilitation-decisional-score-to-define-priority-access-for-copd-patients
#15
Michele Vitacca, Laura Comini, Marilena Barbisoni, Gloria Francolini, Mara Paneroni, Jean Pierre Ramponi
This retrospective study aimed to evaluate, through an ad hoc 17-item tool, the Pulmonary Rehabilitation Decisional Score (PRDS), the priority access to PR prescription by respiratory specialists. The PRDS, scoring functional, clinical, disability, frailty, and participation parameters from 0 = low priority to 34 = very high priority for PR access, was retrospectively calculated on 124 specialist reports sent to the GP of subjects (aged 71 ± 11 years, FEV1%  51 ± 17) consecutively admitted to our respiratory outpatient clinic...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239474/predictive-value-of-sperm-deoxyribonucleic-acid-dna-fragmentation-index-in-male-infertility
#16
Budi Wiweko, Pramety Utami
BACKGROUND: Recently, damage to the sperm DNA has been studied as it is associated with reduced fertilization rates, embryo quality, and pregnancy rates, also higher rates of spontaneous miscarriage. OBJECTIVE: To develop a diagnostic method in predicting male infertility. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The design of this study is cross-sectional. Data were retrieved from medical records of Yasmin IVF Clinic Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital and Daya Medika Infertility Clinic from January to December 2015...
2017: Basic and Clinical Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239178/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-exercise-induced-bronchoconstriction-in-high-school-and-college-athletes-at-2-240-m-altitude
#17
Martín Becerril-Ángeles, Mario H Vargas, Leonardo Hernández-Pérez, Nancy Judith Rivera-Istepan, Rebeca Ivonne Pérez-Hidalgo, Ana Gabriela Ortega-González, Severino Rubio-Domínguez, María Cristina Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Radamés Gaxiola-Cortés, Rodrigo Dosal-Ulloa, Laura Graciela Gochicoa-Rangel
BACKGROUND: Athletes practicing strenuous physical activities may develop exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB). We aimed to determine the prevalence and features of this condition in Mexico City (altitude, 2,240 m). METHODS: In the present study, 208 high school and college athletes performed a standardized EIB test on a treadmill. RESULTS: Responses to exercise had large between-subject variability in all physiological parameters (forced expiratory volume in one second [FEV1], heart rate, blood oxygen saturation level [SpO2], blood pressure), with nearly similar proportions of subjects in whom FEV1 increased or decreased...
January 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238504/evaluation-of-sera-with-a-low-signal-to-cut-off-ratio-using-two-chemiluminescent-assays-for-detecting-hepatitis-c-virus-and-their-correlation-with-the-detection-of-viral-rna
#18
M ª Fátima López-Fabal, Alfredo Pérez-Rivilla, José Luis Gómez-Garcés
OBJECTIVE: All commercial assays used to measure the presence of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies set cut-off points to categorise the results, but the problem of false positive results in screening hepatitis C sera is well known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results obtained by two chemiluminescent assays in selected sera, and compare these results with the detection of viral RNA in the specimens studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred reactive sera (positive) were selected, although with a low signal to cut-off ratio (S/CO), were selected, using two chemiluminescent assays and were then subjected to genome amplification...
February 23, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238241/mitral-patient-prosthesis-mismatch-predicts-suboptimal-hemodynamic-recovery-after-mitral-valve-replacement
#19
Sertan Ozyalcin, Kerem M Vural, Ayse Colak
BACKGROUND: A possible relationship between an obstructive prosthesis and suboptimal hemodynamic recovery, as reflected by unsatisfactory regression in systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP) and functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) following mitral valve replacement (MVR), was investigated. A delineating effective orifice area index (EOAI) value was sought in order to define a patient-prosthesis mismatch. METHODS: A total of 128 patients undergoing isolated mechanical MVR were followed up for a mean of 46 ± 9 months...
September 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238215/pretreatment-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-associated-with-the-response-to-first-line-chemotherapy-and-survival-in-patients-with-metastatic-gastric-cancer
#20
Jin Wang, Jinglei Qu, Zhi Li, Xiaofang Che, Jing Liu, Yuee Teng, Bo Jin, Mingfang Zhao, Yunpeng Liu, Xiujuan Qu
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) is a prognostic factor for various cancers. However, there is no study about the role of PLR in predicting response to first-line chemotherapy of metastatic gastric cancer. Therefore, this study aimed to establish whether PLR is associated with the response to first-line chemotherapy and survival in patients with metastatic gastric cancer. METHODS: We enrolled 273 patients diagnosed with metastatic gastric cancer...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
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