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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210859/effectiveness-of-peloid-therapy-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-single-blind-study
#1
Burcu Metin Ökmen, Meliha Kasapoğlu Aksoy, Aygül Güneş, Riza Eröksüz, Lale Altan
Carpal tunnel syndrome(CTS) is the most common neuromuscular cause of upper extremity disability. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of peloid therapy in patients with CTS. This randomized, controlled, single-blind study enrolled 70 patients between the ages of 30 to 65 who had a diagnosis of either mild, mild-to-moderate, or moderate CTS. The patients were randomized into two groups using random number table. In the first group, (Group 1)(n = 35), patients were given splint (every night for 6 weeks) + peloid treatment(five consecutive days a week for 2 weeks) and in the second group, (Group 2)(n = 28), patients received splint treatment(every night for 6 weeks) alone...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209907/equivalent-dose-rate-at-1m-of-patients-with-known-or-suspected-neuroendocrine-tumor-exiting-a-nuclear-medicine-department-after-68-ga-dotatoc-18-f-fdopa-or-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-or-111-in-pentetreotide-or-123-i-mibg-spect-ct
#2
Jules Zhang-Yin, Anne-Sophie Dirand, Myriam Sasanelli, Gwenaelle Corrégé, Aude Peudon, Thierry Kiffel, Valérie Nataf, Jérôme Clerc, Françoise Montravers, Jean-Noël Talbot
(123)I-mIBG and (111)In-pentetrotide SPECT have been used for functional imaging of neuroendocrine tumors (NET) for the last two decades. More recently, PET/CT imaging with (18)F-FDG, (18)F-FDOPA and (68)Ga somatostatin-receptor ligands in NETs has been expanding. No direct measurements of the dose rate from NET patients exiting the nuclear medicine department could be found in the literature after PET/CT with (18)F-FDOPA or (68)Ga-DOTATOC, a somatostatin analogue. Methods: We measured the dose rates from NET patients undergoing PET/CT or SPECT/CT in our centers...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209506/efficacy-of-combined-ultrasound-guided-steroid-injection-and-splinting-in-patients-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Jia-Chi Wang, Kwong-Kum Liao, Kon-Ping Lin, Chen-Liang Chou, Tsui-Fen Yang, Yu-Fang Huang, Kevin A Wang, Jan-Wei Chiu
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of local steroid injection plus splinting to that of local steroid injection alone using clinical and electrophysiological parameters in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Design; Randomized controlled study with 12 weeks of follow-up. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PARTICIPANTS: Volunteer sample of 52 patients diagnosed with CTS Clinical trial registration number: NCT02728693.
February 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209312/is-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-present-in-acute-stroke-patients-an-investigative-study-using-clinical-and-imaging-screening-tools
#4
Chen Lin, Aaron I Loochtan, Brian Dresser, Jianhong Chang, Alfredo E Farjat, Kingshuk Choudhury, Lisa D Hobson-Webb
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is known to develop post-stroke. Median nerve ultrasound (US) is an inexpensive, effective means of screening. In this prospective feasibility study, we compared the ability of the physical exam, the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ) and median nerve US to screen for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) within 72hours of stroke onset. We enrolled 24 consecutive patients. Using US, 19 (79%, p=0.0386) of the 24 patients screened positive for CTS on the paretic side and 20 (83%, p=0...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206667/geometry-calibration-method-for-a-cone-beam-ct-system
#5
Hongkai Yang, Kejun Kang, Yuxiang Xing
PURPOSE: The positioning accuracy of each component is important to ensure the image quality of cone-beam CT. However, accurate positioning is not easy and requires experience and time. The option is to calibrate the geometric parameters and then plug them into a reconstruction algorithm which is the preferred solution in practice. In this case, the image quality is determined by the accuracy and precision of the calibration method. This work describes a method to independently calibrate an imaging system in each pose (projection angle) for a cone-beam CT with a non-ideal-circular trajectory...
February 16, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205476/an-experimental-survey-on-the-effect-of-using-the-cts-6-tool-on-the-diagnosis-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-by-hand-surgeons
#6
Richard L Hutchison, Alan L Hutchison, Maureen A Hirthler
BACKGROUND: This controlled randomized experiment tested the research hypothesis that providing the CTS-6 quantitative diagnostic information to hand surgeons affects the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. METHODS: Surgeon members of American Association for Hand Surgery participated in an online survey. Demographic and practice pattern information was collected. Few surgeons routinely use diagnostic questionnaires or algorithms. Each member was given four clinical scenarios...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204855/parametric-response-mapping-of-dynamic-ct-enhanced-prediction-of-survival-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-treated-with-transarterial-chemoembolization
#7
Seung Joon Choi, Jonghoon Kim, Hyung Sik Kim, Hyunjin Park
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of parametric response mapping (PRM) analysis for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients undergoing transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). METHODS: We recruited 65 HCC patients who underwent TACE. These patients underwent longitudinal multiphasic CT before and after TACE. We applied PRM analysis to the baseline CT before TACE and first/second follow-up CTs. The results of PRM analyses were used to stratify patients into responders and non-responders...
February 15, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197160/digital-gene-expression-analysis-provides-insight-into-the-transcript-profile-of-the-genes-involved-in-aporphine-alkaloid-biosynthesis-in-lotus-nelumbo-nucifera
#8
Mei Yang, Lingping Zhu, Ling Li, Juanjuan Li, Liming Xu, Ji Feng, Yanling Liu
The predominant alkaloids in lotus leaves are aporphine alkaloids. These are the most important active components and have many pharmacological properties, but little is known about their biosynthesis. We used digital gene expression (DGE) technology to identify differentially-expressed genes (DEGs) between two lotus cultivars with different alkaloid contents at four leaf development stages. We also predicted potential genes involved in aporphine alkaloid biosynthesis by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196823/cor-triatriatum-sinistrum-presentation-of-syncope-and-atrial-tachycardia
#9
Malcolm Avari, Sunil Nair, Zofia Kozlowska, Samer Nashef
We present a rather unusual cause for syncope associated with atrial tachycardia. A man aged 39 years presented with an episode of syncope and narrow complex tachycardia. Further investigations, including transoesophageal echocardiography, identified cor triatriatum sinistrum (CTS), a rare congenital abnormality characterised by the atrium being divided by a fibrous membrane. Although it is rare, there has been an increase in diagnosis due to developments in diagnostic imaging techniques. Symptoms are related to the size of fenestrations within the fibrous membrane...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194331/-the-invisible-participant-s-experiences-in-clinical-trials
#10
Sarojini Nadimpally, Divya Bhagianadh
BACKGROUND: The paper discussing the perspectives of clinical trial participants about the various aspects of CTs is based on the primary research conducted by Sama in 2012-13. METHODOLOGY: In-depth interviews were conducted with 36 CT participants from the states of New Delhi, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. In addition to CT participants, other key informants including investigators, representatives of Contract Research Organizations (CROs), sponsor, Ethics Committee (EC) members etc...
January 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192624/mr-based-synthetic-ct-generation-using-a-deep-convolutional-neural-network-method
#11
Xiao Han
PURPOSE: Interests have been rapidly growing in the field of radiotherapy to replace CT with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), due to superior soft tissue contrast offered by MRI and the desire to reduce unnecessary radiation dose. MR-only radiotherapy also simplifies clinical workflow and avoids uncertainties in aligning MR with CT. Methods, however, are needed to derive CT-equivalent representations, often known as synthetic CT (sCT), from patient MR images for the purpose of dose calculation and DRR-based patient positioning...
February 13, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190810/visualization-of-the-spatial-arrangement-of-nuclear-organization-using-three-dimensional-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-in-early-mouse-embryos-a-new-easi-fish-chamber-glass-for-mammalian-embryos
#12
Masataka Nakaya, Hideyuki Tanabe, Shingo Takamatsu, Misaki Hosokawa, Tasuku Mitani
The fertilized oocyte begins cleavage, leading to zygotic gene activation (ZGA), which re-activates the resting genome to acquire totipotency. In this process, genomic function is regulated by the dynamic structural conversion in the nucleus. Indeed, a considerable number of genes that are essential for embryonic development are located near the pericentromeric regions, wherein the heterochromatin is formed. These genes are repressed transcriptionally in somatic cells. Three-dimensional fluorescence in situ hybridization (3D-FISH) enables the visualization of the intranuclear spatial arrangement, such as gene loci, chromosomal domains, and chromosome territories (CTs)...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185629/the-role-of-adjunctive-procedures-in-reducing-postoperative-tracheobronchial-obstruction-in-single-lung-patients-with-congenital-tracheal-stenosis-undergoing-slide-tracheoplasty
#13
Akiko Yokoi, Yoshihiro Oshima, Eiji Nishijima
PURPOSE: Congenital tracheal stenosis (CTS) and a single right lung treated with slide tracheoplasty (ST) has relatively high rates of mortality and morbidity. We report a single institution's experience with adjunctive procedures at the time of ST to reduce postoperative tracheal obstruction in patients with a single right lung and CTS. METHODS: With IRB approval, 8 patients with a single right lung and CTS who underwent ST in our institution between 2008 and 2016 were reviewed...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182411/solvothermal-synthesis-of-cu2sns3-quantum-dots-and-their-application-in-near-infrared-photodetectors
#14
Sandra Dias, Kishan Kumawat, Shinjini Biswas, Salaru Babu Krupanidhi
Cu2SnS3 (CTS) quantum dots were synthesized by solvothermal technique with poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) as a surfactant. The structural and optical properties were studied using X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and UV-vis spectroscopy. The electronic band gap was measured using cyclic voltammetry. The infrared photoresponse of the CTS quantum dots-incorporated device was measured under different illumination intensities of the infrared lamp, 1550 and 1064 nm lasers...
February 9, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181691/microrna-195-5p-regulates-osteogenic-differentiation-of-periodontal-ligament-cells-under-mechanical-loading
#15
Maolin Chang, Heng Lin, Haidi Fu, Beike Wang, Guangli Han, Mingwen Fan
Osteogenic differentiation and bone formation are tightly regulated by several factors, including microRNAs (miRNAs). However, miRNA expression patterns and function during mechanical loading-induced osteogenic differentiation of human periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs) remain unclear. Here, we investigated the differential expression of miRNA-195-5p in the periodontal tissues of mice under orthodontic mechanical loading and in primary human PDLCs exposed to a simulated tension strain. miR-195-5p was observed to be down-regulated and negatively correlated with osteogenic differentiation...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181479/multi-atlas-attenuation-correction-supports-full-quantification-of-static-and-dynamic-brain-pet-data-in-pet-mr
#16
Ines Merida, Anthonin Reilhac, Jerome Redoute, Rolf Heckemann, Nicolas Costes, Alexander Hammers
Introduction In simultaneous PET-MR, attenuation maps are not directly available. Essential for absolute radioactivity quantification, they need to be derived from MR or PET data to correct for gamma photon attenuation by the imaged object. We evaluate a multi-atlas attenuation correction method for brain imaging (MaxProb) on static [18F]FDG PET and, for the first time, on dynamic PET, using the serotoninergic tracer [18F]MPPF. Methods A database of 40 MR/CT image pairs (atlases) was used. The MaxProb method synthesises subject-specific pseudo-CTs by registering each atlas to the target subject space...
February 9, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179338/cancer-death-risk-related-to-radiation-exposure-from-computed-tomography-scanning-among-testicular-cancer-patients
#17
Eeva Salminen, Hannele Niiniviita, Hannu Järvinen, Sirpa Heinävaara
BACKGROUND: A study of the computed tomography (CT) imaging related effective doses and radiation-related cancer death risk. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Estimate effective doses were computed from CT scans of testicular cancer patients treated and followed-up in Turku University Hospital, South Western Finland. Association between effective doses from follow-up CT scans and radiation-induced cancer death was examined using United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) 2008 formula...
2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177126/identification-of-novel-snord118-mutations-in-seven-patients-with-leukoencephalopathy-with-brain-calcifications-and-cysts
#18
Kazuhiro Iwama, Takeshi Mizuguchi, Jun-Ichi Takanashi, Hidehiro Shibayama, Minobu Shichiji, Susumu Ito, Hirokazu Oguni, Toshiyuki Yamamoto, Akiko Sekine, Shun Nagamine, Yoshio Ikeda, Hiroya Nishida, Satoko Kumada, Takeshi Yoshida, Tomonari Awaya, Ryuta Tanaka, Ryo Chikuchi, Hisayoshi Niwa, Yu-Ichi Oka, Satoko Miyatake, Mitsuko Nakashima, Atsushi Takata, Noriko Miyake, Shuichi Ito, Hirotomo Saitsu, Naomichi Matsumoto
Leukoencephalopathy with brain calcifications and cysts (LCC) is neuroradiologically characterized by leukoencephalopathy, intracranial calcification, and cysts. Coats plus syndrome is also characterized by the same neuroradiological findings together with defects in retinal vascular development. Indeed, LCC and Coats plus were originally considered the same clinical entity that was termed cerebroretinal microangiopathy with calcifications and cysts, but evidence now suggests that they are genetically distinct...
February 8, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174086/chitosan-coated-tungsten-trioxide-nanoparticles-as-a-contrast-agent-for-x-ray-computed-tomography
#19
Mehdi Firouzi, Reza Poursalehi, H Delavari, Fakhredin Saba, Mohammad A Oghabian
Recent advances have shown that inorganic nanoparticles (NPs) based on heavy elements are highly appropriate for X-ray computed tomography (CT). In this contribution, tungsten trioxide NPs are prepared by the electrical arc discharge (EAD) method in DI water. The effect of chitosan (CTS) and glutaraldehyde (GTA) as coating and cross-linking agent, respectively, on the hydrodynamic size and zeta potential of prepared tungsten trioxide NPs is investigated. It is found that zeta potential increases by increasing the amounts of CTS...
February 5, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173726/distally-extended-muscle-belly-of-the-flexor-digitorum-within-the-carpal-tunnel-is-it-a-risk-factor-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#20
Hye Jung Choo, Sun Joo Lee, Young-Mi Park, Dong Wook Kim
Background The distally extended muscle belly of the flexor digitorum (MB-FD) within the carpal tunnel has been suggested as a plausible cause for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) based on cadaveric studies. Purpose To evaluate whether MB-FD within the carpal tunnel is a risk factor for CTS by comparing asymptomatic volunteers and patients with CTS. Material and Methods Presence, length, and cross-sectional area of MB-FD within the carpal tunnel were evaluated in 63 wrists of 32 asymptomatic volunteers and 52 wrists of 33 patients with CTS using ultrasonography...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
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