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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538376/value-of-superb-microvascular-imaging-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-compared-with-color-doppler-and-power-doppler
#1
Jie Chen, Li Chen, Lei Wu, Rui Wang, Ji-Bin Liu, Bing Hu, Li-Xin Jiang
The aim of this study was to compare the value of superb microvascular imaging (SMI) in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) with that of color Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) and power Doppler ultrasonography (PDUS).Fifty patients with symptomatic CTS and 25 healthy volunteers were enrolled. The cross-sectional area (CSA), CDUS score, PDUS score, and SMI score of the median nerve (MN) at the carpal tunnel were recorded. The value of different ultrasonography (US) diagnostic strategies was calculated.The blood flow display ratio in the MN of the healthy volunteers had no statistical difference between CDUS, PDUS, and SMI (20%, 32%, and 48%, respectively, P >...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538289/a-three-dimensional-analysis-of-the-fracture-planes-in-pediatric-lateral-humeral-condyle-fractures-for-image-based-pin-positioning-during-fixation
#2
Do Young Park, Jae Ho Cho, Doo-Hyung Lee, Wan-Sun Choi, Jun Young Bang, Xiang Yun Yin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the 3 dimensional morphology of pediatric lateral condylar physeal fractures using 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) and to identify optimal pin positions for percutaneous pinning. DESIGN: Prospective case series of consecutively treated patients SETTING:: Tertiary university hospital setting. PATIENTS: Preoperative 3D-CTs in pediatric surgical candidates diagnosed with lateral condylar physeal fractures INTERVENTION:: Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning was performed...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527226/play-seriously-effectiveness-of-serious-games-and-their-features-in-motor-rehabilitation-a-meta-analysis
#3
Diana Tăut, Sebastian Pintea, Jan-Paul W R Roovers, Miguel-Angel Mañanas, Adriana Băban
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the effectiveness of serious games (SGs) and their various features is inconsistent in the motor rehabilitation field, which makes evidence based development of SGs a rare practice. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of SGs in motor rehabilitation for upper limb and movement/balance and to test the potential moderating role of SGs features like feedback, activities, characters and background. METHODS: We ran a meta-analysis including 61 studies reporting randomized controlled trials (RCTs), controlled trials (CTs) or case series designs in which at least one intervention for motor rehabilitation included the use of SGs as standalone or in combination...
May 19, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526903/compartmental-tongue-resection-with-submental-island-flap-reconstruction-for-large-carcinoma-of-the-oral-tongue
#4
Sameh Roshdy, Mohamed Elbadrawy, Ashraf Khater, Tamer Fady, Hend A El-Hadaad, Nazem Shams, Hany M Elbarbary
BACKGROUND: Tongue resection is a surgical challenge because of its adverse effects on language articulation, swallowing, respiration, the eventual quality of life, and poor prognosis of advanced disease. To date, the currently accepted standard treatment has been based on excision of the primary lesion with a 1.5-2-cm circumferential macroscopic margin. Compartmental tongue surgery (CTS) is a surgical technique that removes an anatomo-functional compartment containing the primary tumor...
May 19, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525561/decade-long-profile-of-imaging-biomarker-use-in-ophthalmic-clinical-trials
#5
Edoardo Villani, Domenico Massaro, Matteo Scaramuzzi, Pedram Hamrah, Felipe A Medeiros, Paolo Nucci
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of imaging biomarkers in published clinical trials (CTs) in ophthalmology and its eventual changes during the past 10 years. Methods: We sampled from published CTs in the fields of cornea, retina, and glaucoma between 2005-2006 and 2015-2016. Data collected included year of publication, phase, subspecialty, location, compliance with Consolidated Standards for Reporting Trials, impact factor, presence and use of imaging biomarkers (diagnostic, prognostic and predictive; primary and secondary surrogate endpoints), and use of centralized reading centers...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523610/motivators-for-alzheimer-s-disease-clinical-trial-participation
#6
Shoshana H Bardach, Sarah D Holmes, Gregory A Jicha
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) research progress is impeded due to participant recruitment challenges. This study seeks to better understand, from the perspective of individuals engaged in clinical trials (CTs), research motivations. METHODS: Participants, or their caregivers, from AD treatment and prevention CTs were surveyed about research motivators. RESULTS: The 87 respondents had a mean age of 72.2, were predominantly Caucasian, 55...
May 18, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523349/diagnosis-of-bronchiectasis-and-airway-wall-thickening-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-objective-airway-artery-quantification
#7
Wieying Kuo, Marleen de Bruijne, Jens Petersen, Kazem Nasserinejad, Hadiye Ozturk, Yong Chen, Adria Perez-Rovira, Harm A W M Tiddens
OBJECTIVES: To quantify airway and artery (AA)-dimensions in cystic fibrosis (CF) and control patients for objective CT diagnosis of bronchiectasis and airway wall thickness (AWT). METHODS: Spirometer-guided inspiratory and expiratory CTs of 11 CF and 12 control patients were collected retrospectively. Airway pathways were annotated semi-automatically to reconstruct three-dimensional bronchial trees. All visible AA-pairs were measured perpendicular to the airway axis...
May 18, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522406/therapeutic-effect-of-cryptotanshinone-on-experimental-rheumatoid-arthritis-through-downregulating-p300-mediated-stat3-acetylation
#8
Ying Wang, Chun Zhou, Hui Gao, Cuixian Li, Dong Li, Peiqing Liu, Min Huang, Xiaoyan Shen, Liang Liu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The balance between T helper 17 (Th17) cells and regulatory T (Treg) cells, plays a critical role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The differentiation of Th17 cells requires the activation of STAT3, which determines the balance of Th17/Treg. Here, we investigated the therapeutic effect of Cryptotanshinone (CTS) on collagen induced mouse arthritis and explored the underlying mechanisms. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Arthritis was induced in DBA/1 mice with bovine collagen type II and complete Freund's adjuvant...
May 15, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513864/the-influence-of-non-rigid-anatomy-and-patient-positioning-on-endoscopy-ct-image-registration-in-the-head-and-neck
#9
W Scott Ingram, Jinzhong Yang, Richard Wendt, Beth M Beadle, Arvind Rao, Xin A Wang, Laurence E Court
PURPOSE: To assess the influence of non-rigid anatomy and differences in patient positioning between CT acquisition and endoscopic examination on endoscopy-CT image registration in the head and neck. METHODS: Radiotherapy planning CTs and 31-35 daily treatment-room CTs were acquired for nineteen patients. Diagnostic CTs were acquired for thirteen of the patients. The surfaces of the airways were segmented on all scans and triangular meshes were created to render virtual endoscopic images with a calibrated pinhole model of an endoscope...
May 17, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511570/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-following-corrective-osteotomy-for-distal-radius-malunion-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Cyril Gary, Ajul Shah, Jack Kanouzi, Alyssa R Golas, Jordan D Frey, Brian Le, Jacques Hacquebord, Vishal Thanik
BACKGROUND: Although median nerve neuropathy and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) are known complications of both untreated and acutely treated distal radius fracture, median neuropathy after correction of distal radius malunion is not commonly reported in hand surgery literature. We describe a patient with severe CTS after corrective osteotomy, open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) with a volar locking plate (VLP), and bone grafting for distal radius malunion. METHODS: We report a case of severe acute CTS as a complication of corrective osteotomy with bone grafting for distal radius malunion...
May 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511557/impact-of-a-perioperative-prophylaxis-guideline-on-post-cardiothoracic-surgery-atrial-fibrillation
#11
Rosanna Li, C Michael White, Jola Mehmeti, Spencer T Martin, Laura C Hobbs
BACKGROUND: National practice guidelines do not provide clear recommendations on combination pharmacological regimens to reduce cardiothoracic surgery (CTS) postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF). OBJECTIVE: This study examines if there is a reduction in POAF rates after implementing a perioperative prophylaxis guideline that includes amiodarone, β-blockers, and high-intensity statins. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected on 400 adults (200 patients pre-guideline implementation and 200 patients post-guideline implementation) with a CHA2DS2-VASc (Congestive Heart Failure, Hypertension, Age, Diabetes Mellitus, and Vascular Disease) score of at least 3 points after CTS...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506612/identification-of-pulmonary-hypertension-caused-by-left-heart-disease-world-health-organization-group-2-based-on-cardiac-chamber-volumes-derived-from-chest-ct
#12
Galit Aviram, Zach Rozenbaum, Tomer Ziv-Baran, Shlomo Berliner, Yan Topilsky, Dominik Fleischmann, Yon K Sung, Roham T Zamanian, Haiwei Henry Guo
BACKGROUND: Evaluations of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) commonly include chest computed tomography (CT). We hypothesized that cardiac chamber volumes calculated from the same CT scans can yield additional information to distinguish left heart disease-related PH (WHO Group 2) from other PH subtypes. METHODS: Patients with right heart catheterization (RHC)-confirmed PH and contrast-enhanced chest CT studies were enrolled in this retrospective multicenter study...
May 12, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506160/the-effect-of-psychological-factors-on-the-outcomes-of-carpal-tunnel-release-a-systematic-review
#13
Jin Woo Park, Hyun Sik Gong, Seung Hwan Rhee, Jihyeung Kim, Young Ho Lee, Goo Hyun Baek
BACKGROUND: Several studies report that psychological factors are associated with outcomes of carpal tunnel release. However, interpretation of the association is difficult as there are diverse outcome parameters and patient expectations are different. We performed a systematic review to assess the relationships between psychological factors and the various outcome parameters. METHODS: We identified 611 papers and selected 8 papers that fit the inclusion criteria...
June 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501659/influential-factors-on-the-evaluation-of-adamkiewicz-artery-using-a-320-detector-row-computed-tomography-device
#14
Alexandre C M Amato, José R Parga Filho, Noedir A G Stolf
BACKGROUND: Understanding the difference of Adamkiewicz artery (AKA) presentation in healthy and diseased subjects, and the influence of atherosclerotic factors prevalent in aortic disease patients, are important for aortic disease therapeutic planning. This study used a 320-detector row computed tomography (CT) device to examine the impact of clinical aspects of AKA identification in individuals with and without aortic disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: angio-CTs obtained from 115 patients were assessed and the individuals grouped according to the presence or absence of aortic disease...
May 10, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501181/a-voltammetry-sensor-platform-for-baicalein-and-baicalin-simultaneous-detection-in-vivo-based-on-ta2o5-nb2o5-cts-composite
#15
Zhengkun Xie, Wang Lu, Lingxi Yang, Gaiping Li, Baoxian Ye
Baicalein and baicalin are the major flavonoids found in Scutellariae Radix, an essential herb which has had a presence in traditional Chinese medicine (TCMs) for more than two thousands of years. Owing to their similar characteristics and physiochemical properties, sensitive, it is a great challenge to detect both of them simultaneously. In this work, a novel, facile and sensitive electrochemical method was proposed based on tantalum oxide (Ta2O5), niobium oxide (Nb2O5) particles and antiseptic chitosan modified carbon paste electrode (Ta2O5-Nb2O5@CTS-CPE)...
August 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500660/the-association-between-wrist-ratio-and-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-effect-modification-by-body-mass-index
#16
Matthew S Thiese, Andrew Merryweather, Alzina Koric, Ulrike Ott, Eric M Wood, Jay Kapellusch, James Foster, Arun Garg, Gwen Deckow-Schaeffer, Suzanna Tomich, Richard Kendall, David L Drury, Jacqueline Wertsch, Kurt T Hegmann
INTRODUCTION: Prior studies reported higher wrist ratios (WR) related to carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), but have not assessed effect modification by obesity and may have inadequately controlled for confounders. METHODS: Baseline data of a multicenter prospective cohort study were analyzed. CTS was defined by nerve conduction study (NCS) criteria and symptoms. RESULTS: Among the 1,206 participants, a square-shaped wrist was associated with CTS after controlling for confounders (prevalence ratio = 2...
May 13, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497680/guanidinium-based-polymerizable-surfactant-as-a-multifunctional-molecule-for-controlled-synthesis-of-nanostructured-materials-with-tunable-morphologies
#17
Jingwei Ji, Wei Zhu, Jian Li, Peng Wang, Yun Liang, Wanlin Zhang, Xianpeng Yin, Baozhen Wu, Guangtao Li
Rationally and efficiently controlling the morphology of nanomaterials plays a crucial role in significantly enhancing their functional properties and expending their applications. In this work, a strategy for controlled synthesis of diverse nanostructured materials with tunable morphologies was developed using a guanidinium-based surfactant with a polymerizable pyrrole unit as a multifunctional molecule that can serve not only as a structure-directing agent for mesostucture formation but also as a monomer and carbon source...
May 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497263/radiologic-head-ct-interpretation-errors-in-pediatric-abusive-and-non-abusive-head-trauma-patients
#18
Stephen F Kralik, Whitney Finke, Isaac C Wu, Roberta A Hibbard, Ralph A Hicks, Chang Y Ho
BACKGROUND: Pediatric head trauma, including abusive head trauma, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to identify and evaluate radiologic interpretation errors of head CTs performed on abusive and non-abusive pediatric head trauma patients from a community setting referred for a secondary interpretation at a tertiary pediatric hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective search identified 184 patients <5 years of age with head CT for known or potential head trauma who had a primary interpretation performed at a referring community hospital by a board-certified radiologist...
May 11, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495534/hybrid-treatment-of-the-aberrant-right-subclavian-artery-arteria-lusoria-feasibility-study-on-180-angio-cts
#19
Nicla Settembre, Charbel Saba, Zakariyae Bouziane, Fanette Jeannon, Damien Mandry, Serguei Malikov
OBJECTIVES: The aberrant right subclavian artery or arteria lusoria (AL) is the most frequent anatomical variation of the supra-aortic trunks (SAT). Treatment is only warranted in presence of an aneurysm because of the risk of rupture or in symptomatic cases with signs of compression of the esophagus or the trachea, with embolisms causing right upper limb ischemia of vertebrobasilar cerebrovascular accidents (CVA). The conventional surgical treatment of AL is the closure of the origin of AL and the revascularization of the artery right subclavian through a left thoracotomy...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492557/cryptotanshinone-inhibits-human-glioma-cell-proliferation-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-through-shp-2-dependent-inhibition-of-stat3-activation
#20
Liang Lu, Sulin Zhang, Cuixian Li, Chun Zhou, Dong Li, Peiqing Liu, Min Huang, Xiaoyan Shen
Malignant gliomas (MGs) are one of the most common primary brain cancers in adults with a high mortality rate and relapse rate. Thus, finding better effective approaches to treat MGs has become very urgent. Here, we studied the effects of cryptotanshinone (CTS) on MGs in vitro and in vivo, and explored the underlying mechanisms. Effects of CTS in vitro on cell proliferation, cycle, migration and invasion were evaluated. The activation of JAK/STATs signaling was detected by western blot and immunofluorescenc staining...
May 11, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
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