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Societal impact of research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275939/costs-of-care-of-agitation-associated-with-dementia-in-8-european-countries-results-from-the-righttimeplacecare-study
#1
Nadège Costa, Ansgar Wübker, Adelaïde De Mauléon, Sandra M G Zwakhalen, David Challis, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Ingalill R Hallberg, Astrid Stephan, Adelaida Zabalegui, Kai Saks, Laurent Molinier, Anders Wimo, Bruno Vellas, Dirk Sauerland, Ingrid Binot, Maria E Soto
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the additional societal costs for people living with dementia (PwD) with agitation in home care (HC) and institutional long-term care (ILTC) settings in 8 European countries. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the RightTimePlaceCare cohort. SETTING: HC and ILTC settings from 8 European countries (Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and England). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1997 PwD (1217 in HC group and 780 lived in an ILTC) and their caregivers...
January 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274616/integrating-social-justice-concerns-into-economic-evaluation-for-healthcare-and-public-health-a-systematic-review
#2
Vadim Dukhanin, Alexandra Searle, Alice Zwerling, David W Dowdy, Holly A Taylor, Maria W Merritt
Social justice is the moral imperative to avoid and remediate unfair distributions of societal disadvantage. In priority setting in healthcare and public health, social justice reaches beyond fairness in the distribution of health outcomes and economic impacts to encompass fairness in the distribution of policy impacts upon other dimensions of well-being. There is an emerging awareness of the need for economic evaluation to integrate all such concerns. We performed a systematic review (1) to describe methodological solutions suitable for integrating social justice concerns into economic evaluation, and (2) to describe the challenges that those solutions face...
December 14, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273023/an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-on-the-collaboration-between-physicians-and-nurses-and-the-impact-on-patient-outcomes-what-can-we-learn-in-primary-care
#3
Evi Matthys, Roy Remmen, Peter Van Bogaert
BACKGROUND: Primary care needs to be strengthened in order to address the many societal challenges. Group practices in primary care foster collaboration with other health care providers, which encourages care co-ordination and leads to a higher quality of primary care. Nursing roles and responsibilities expanded over time and nurses have been found to often provide equal high-quality chronic patient care compared to physicians, even with higher patient satisfaction. Inter-professional collaboration between primary care physicians and nurses is a possible strategy to achieve the desired quality outcomes in a strengthened primary care system...
December 22, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251679/morcellation-in-gynecologic-oncology
#4
Eva Chalas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Morcellation of uteri with unsuspected malignancies has been the focus of reports for decades. More intensive evaluation of clinical outcomes and evaluation of impact of changes in practice has occurred since the release of FDA statement advising against the use of power morcellators. The review summarizes some of the most relevant publications on this topic. RECENT FINDINGS: The Society of Gynecologic Oncology and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists concur that symptomatic women should undergo appropriate evaluation, morcellation should not be performed whenever malignancy is suspected or diagnosed, and acknowledge the limitations of diagnostic testing currently available to detect leiomyosarcoma...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237306/spiritual-criminology-the-case-of-jewish-criminology
#5
Natti Ronel, Y Ben Yair
Throughout the ages and in most cultures, spiritual and religious thinking have dealt extensively with offending (person against person and person against the Divine), the response to offending, and rehabilitation of offenders. Although modern criminology has generally overlooked that body of knowledge and experience, the study of spirituality and its relation to criminology is currently growing. Frequently, though, it is conducted from the secular scientific perspective, thus reducing spiritual knowledge into what is already known...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236534/health-outcomes-and-costs-of-social-work-services-a-systematic-review
#6
Gail Steketee, Abigail M Ross, Madeline K Wachman
BACKGROUND: Efforts to reduce expensive health service utilization, contain costs, improve health outcomes, and address the social determinants of health require research that demonstrates the economic value of health services in population health across a variety of settings. Social workers are an integral part of the US health care system, yet the specific contributions of social work to health and cost-containment outcomes are unknown. The social work profession's person-in-environment framework and unique skillset, particularly around addressing social determinants of health, hold promise for improving health and cost outcomes...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225425/free-market-ideology-and-deregulation-in-colorado-s-oilfields-evidence-for-triple-movement-activism
#7
Stephanie A Malin, Adam Mayer, Kelly Shreeve, Shawn K Olson-Hazboun, John Adgate
Unconventional oil and gas extraction (UOGE) has spurred an unprecedented boom in on-shore production in the U.S. Despite a surge in related research, a void exists regarding inquiries into policy outcomes and perceptions. To address this, support for federal regulatory exemptions for UOGE is examined using survey data collected in 2015 from two northern Colorado communities. Current regulatory exemptions for UOGE can be understood as components of broader societal processes of neoliberalization. Free market ideology increases public support for federal regulatory exemptions for UOGE...
2017: Environmental Politics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222081/media-consumption-and-creation-in-attitudes-toward-and-knowledge-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-web-based-survey
#8
Jacob Groshek, Miles Basil, Ling Guo, Sarah Parker Ward, Francis A Farraye, Jason Reich
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic gastrointestinal condition affecting over 5 million people globally and 1.6 million in the United States but currently lacks a precisely determined cause or cure. The range of symptoms IBD patients experience are often debilitating, and the societal stigmas associated with some such symptoms can further degrade their quality of life. Better understanding the nature of this public reproach then is a critical component for improving awareness campaigns and, ultimately, the experiences of IBD patients...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221534/on-becoming-a-global-citizen-transformative-learning-through-global-health-experiences
#9
Debra K Litzelman, Adrian Gardner, Robert M Einterz, Philip Owiti, Charity Wambui, Jordan C Huskins, Kathleen M Schmitt-Wendholt, Geren S Stone, Paul O Ayuo, Thomas S Inui, Rachel A Umoren
BACKGROUND: Globalization has increased the demand for international experiences in medical education. International experiences improve medical knowledge, clinical skills, and self-development; influence career objectives; and provide insights on ethical and societal issues. However, global health rotations can end up being no more than tourism if not structured to foster personal transformation and global citizenship. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a qualitative assessment of trainee-reported critical incidents to more deeply understand the impact of our global health experience on trainees...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214932/-students-having-parents-with-mental-health-issues-and-teachers-mental-health-literacy
#10
Dirk Bruland, Katharina Kornblum, Stefanie Harsch, Janine Bröder, Orkan Okan, Ullrich Bauer
Students Having Parents with Mental Health Issues and Teachers' Mental Health Literacy Mental health issues of parents of school children often negatively affects the children as well, including their school performance and social behavior in the school setting. Teachers are then required to take actions with regards to supporting children in their coping with and mastering of their home situation and their responds to educational demands. As such, schools' and teachers' actions can either support affected children and fulfill a protective function or respond inappropriately, with negative impact on the affected children...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214580/primary-prevention-of-congenital-anomalies-special-focus-on-environmental-chemicals-and-other-toxicants-maternal-health-and-health-services-and-infectious-diseases
#11
Domenica Taruscio, Francesca Baldi, Pietro Carbone, Amanda J Neville, Giovanni Rezza, Caterina Rizzo, Alberto Mantovani
Congenital anomalies (CA) represent an important fraction of rare diseases, due to the critical role of non-genetic factors in their pathogenesis. CA are the main group of rare diseases in which primary prevention measures will have a beneficial impact. Indeed, since 2013 the European Union has endorsed a body of evidence-based recommendations for CA primary prevention; the recommendations aim at facilitating the inclusion of primary prevention actions the National Rare Disease Plans of EU Member States and encompass different public health fields, from environment through to maternal diseases and lifestyles...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208482/what-motivates-women-to-breastfeed-in-lebanon-an-exploratory-qualitative-analysis
#12
BouDiab Sarah, Werle Carolina
This exploratory qualitative study examined the influence of injunctive and descriptive norms on breastfeeding, a health-improving behaviour related to a highly committed personal decision. The research explores the different mechanisms through which social norms impact breastfeeding behaviour pre or post-adoption of breastfeeding practice. A qualitative approach was used by performing in-depth analysis of cross-sectional accounts of women in Lebanon contemplating adoption of breastfeeding practice and women who already breastfed...
December 2, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204269/a-systematic-review-and-overview-of-health-economic-evaluations-of-emergency-laparotomy
#13
Sohail Bampoe, Peter M Odor, S Ramani Moonesinghe, Matthew Dickinson
Background: Little is known about the economic impact of emergency laparotomy (EL) surgery in healthcare systems around the world. The aim of this systematic review is to describe the primary resource utilisation, healthcare economic and societal costs of EL in adults in different countries. Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, ISI Web of Knowledge, Cochrane Central Register Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and CINAHL were searched for full and partial economic analyses of EL published between 1 January 1991 and 31 December 2015...
2017: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190167/engaging-the-transgender-community-to-improve-medical-education-and-prioritize-healthcare-initiatives
#14
Emily J Noonan, Susan Sawning, Ryan Combs, Laura A Weingartner, Leslee J Martin, V Faye Jones, Amy Holthouser
Phenomenon: Transgender patients experience discrimination, limited access to care, and inadequate provider knowledge in healthcare settings. Medical education to address transgender-specific disparities is lacking. Research that engages transgender community members may help address health disparities by empowering patients, increasing trust, and informing medical curricula to increase competence. APPROACH: A 2015 Community Forum on Transgender Health Care was hosted at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, which included healthcare professionals and transgender community members to facilitate dialogue among mixed-participant groups using a World Café model...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189503/indicators-for-evaluating-community-and-societal-level-risk-and-protective-factors-for-violence-prevention-findings-from-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
Theresa L Armstead, Natalie Wilkins, Amanda Doreson
Programs geared toward preventing violence before it occurs at the community and societal levels of the social ecology are particularly challenging to evaluate. These programs are often focused on impacting the antecedents (or risk and protective factors) to violence, making it difficult to determine program success when solely relying on measures of violence reduction. The goal of this literature review is to identify indicators to measure risk and protective factors for violence that are accessible and measured at the community level...
January 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187982/transgene-flow-in-mexican-maize-revisited-socio-biological-analysis-across-two-contrasting-farmer-communities-and-seed-management-systems
#16
Sarah Agapito-Tenfen, Flor R Lopez, Narmeen Mallah, Gretta Abou-Slemayne, Miluse Trtikova, Rubens O Nodari, Fern Wickson
The flow of transgenes into landraces and wild relatives is an important biosafety concern. The case of transgene flow into local maize varieties in Mexico (the center of origin of maize) has been intensively debated over the past 15 years, including legal, political, and environmental disputes fanned by the existence of a significant scientific controversy over the methods used for the detection of transgenes. The use of diverse approaches and a lack of harmonized methods specific to the detection and monitoring of transgenes in landraces have generated both positive and negative results regarding contamination of Mexican maize with genetically modified material over the years...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186670/changes-in-extreme-events-and-the-potential-impacts-on-human-health
#17
Jesse E Bell, Claudia Langford Brown, Kathryn Conlon, Stephanie Herring, Kenneth E Kunkel, Jay Lawrimore, George Luber, Carl Schreck, Adam Smith, Christopher Uejio
Extreme weather and climate-related events affect human health by causing death, injury, and illness, as well as having large socioeconomic impacts. Climate change has caused changes in extreme event frequency, intensity and geographic distribution, and will continue to be a driver for change in the future. Some of these events include heat waves, droughts, wildfires, dust storms, flooding rains, coastal flooding, storm surge, and hurricanes. The pathways connecting extreme events to health outcomes and economic losses can be diverse and complex...
November 29, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182043/a-cross-national-exploration-of-societal-level-factors-associated-with-child-physical-abuse-and-neglect
#18
Joanne Klevens, Katie A Ports, Chelsea Austin, Ivan J Ludlow, Jacqueline Hurd
Children around the world experience violence at the hands of their caregivers at alarming rates. A recent review estimates that a minimum of 50% of children in Asia, Africa, and North America experienced severe physical violence by caregivers in the past year, with large variations between countries. Identifying modifiable country-level factors driving these geographic variations has great potential for achieving population-level reductions in rates of child maltreatment. This study builds on previous research by focusing on caregiver-reported physical abuse and neglect victimisation, examining 22 societal factors representing 11 different constructs among 42 countries from 5 continents at different stages of development...
November 28, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150271/xenohormesis-in-early-life-new-avenues-of-research-to-explore-anti-aging-strategies-through-the-maternal-diet
#19
Philippe de Medina
Aging is a progressive internal physiological deterioration of the organism, leading to the occurrence of age-related lethal diseases. It has become a major societal challenge to understand the processes that drive aging and to develop rational pharmacological agents and dietary approaches to fight against age-related deterioration and diseases. Interestingly, several lines of evidence highlight an influence of the developmental period on the risk of age-related diseases later in life. This field is known as the developmental origins of health and disease...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149575/researchers-of-color-fame-and-impact
#20
Michael A Zárate, Gordon Nagayama Hall, Victoria C Plaut
Fame and eminence, as traditionally measured, limit the definition of impact to the publication world. We add two types of impact to the traditional measures of fame and eminence. Many of the traditional measures of fame or eminence are based on social-network connections, whereby individuals appoint other people to positions of eminence. Editorial boards are one specific example. Eminence is also limited to number of publications, for example, with little regard for the impact of those publications at the societal level...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
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