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Societal impact of research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070918/stereotype-threat-and-social-function-in-opioid-substitution-therapy-patients
#1
Courtney von Hippel, Julie D Henry, Gill Terrett, Kimberly Mercuri, Karen McAlear, Peter G Rendell
OBJECTIVES: People with a history of substance abuse are subject to widespread stigmatization. It seems likely that this societal disapproval will result in feelings of stereotype threat, or the belief that one is the target of demeaning stereotypes. If so, stereotype threat has the potential to contribute to functional difficulties including poor social outcomes. METHODS: Eighty drug users on opioid substitution therapy and 84 demographically matched controls completed measures of mental health and social function...
January 10, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059698/uk-national-data-guardian-for-health-and-care-s-review-of-data-security-trust-better-security-and-opt-outs
#2
Tom Chan, Concetta Tania Di Iorio, Simon De Lusignan, Daniel Lo Russo, Craig Kuziemsky, Siaw-Teng Liaw
Sharing health and social care data is essential to the delivery of high quality health care as well as disease surveillance, public health, and for conducting research. However, these societal benefits may be constrained by privacy and data protection principles. Hence, societies are striving to find a balance between the two competing public interests. Whilst the spread of IT advancements in recent decades has increased the demand for an increased privacy and data protection in many ways health is a special case...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051842/the-use-of-auricular-acupuncture-in-opioid-use-disorder-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Tanya E Baker, Grace Chang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Opioid use disorder (OUD) is a chronic disease with significant personal, societal, and public health consequences. Even for the minority who receive the most effective evidence-based treatments, morbidity, and mortality remain significant. These facts, along with the recovery movement calling for individualized, holistic, culturally sensitive care, have led to the exploration of adjunctive interventions including acupuncture. Despite hundreds of international trials, however, there is a lack of consensus regarding its efficacy in OUD due in large part to methodological issues of trials to date...
December 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049469/discontools-a-database-to-identify-research-gaps-on-vaccines-pharmaceuticals-and-diagnostics-for-the-control-of-infectious-diseases-of-animals
#4
Declan O'Brien, Jim Scudamore, Johannes Charlier, Morgane Delavergne
BACKGROUND: The public and private sector in the EU spend around €800 million per year on animal health and welfare related research. An objective process to identify critical gaps in knowledge and available control tools should aid the prioritisation of research in order to speed up the development of new or improved diagnostics, vaccines and pharmaceuticals and reduce the burden of animal diseases. METHOD: Here, we describe the construction of a database based on expert consultation for 52 infectious diseases of animals...
January 3, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039575/the-high-cost-of-stroke-and-stroke-cytoprotection-research
#5
Paul A Lapchak, John H Zhang
Acute ischemic stroke is inadequately treated in the USA and worldwide due to a lengthy history of neuroprotective drug failures in clinical trials. The majority of victims must endure life-long disabilities that not only affect their livelihood, but also have an enormous societal economic impact. The rapid development of a neuroprotective or cytoprotective compound would allow future stroke victims to receive a treatment to reduce disabilities and further promote recovery of function. This opinion article reviews in detail the enormous costs associated with developing a small molecule to treat stroke, as well as providing a timely overview of the cell-death time-course and relationship to the ischemic cascade...
December 30, 2016: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034595/improving-the-use-of-economics-in-animal-health-challenges-in-research-policy-and-education
#6
Jonathan Rushton
The way that an economist and an animal health professional use economics differs and creates frustrations. The economist is in search of optimizing resource allocation in the management of animal health and disease problems with metrics associated with the productivity of key societal resources of labour and capital. The animal health professional have a strong belief that productivity can be improved with the removal of pathogens. These differences restrict how well economics is used in animal health, and the question posed is whether this matters...
December 21, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031581/suicide-in-india-distinct-epidemiological-patterns-and-implications
#7
REVIEW
Starlin Vijay Mythri, Johann Alex Ebenezer
Suicide is a societal crisis which also deeply impacts the personal and family realms. Indian suicidal data present distinctive epidemiological patterns when we compare it with the global suicide rates and trends. Higher proportions of young individuals are resorting to suicide compared to any other country in the world, and Indian suicide rates, especially South Indian rates, are one of the highest in the world. In this article, we present various historical aspects and theories of Indian suicide and review of available Indian research from various sources such as community, hospitals, schools and forensic settings...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003302/cost-effectiveness-of-early-surgery-versus-conservative-treatment-with-optional-delayed-meniscectomy-for-patients-over-45%C3%A2-years-with-non-obstructive-meniscal-tears-escape-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Victor A van de Graaf, Vanessa A B Scholtes, Nienke Wolterbeek, Julia C A Noorduyn, Camille Neeter, Maurits W van Tulder, Daniël B F Saris, Arthur de Gast, Rudolf W Poolman
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies show similar outcome between surgery and conservative treatment in patients with non-obstructive meniscal tears. However, surgery is still often preferred over conservative treatment. When conservative treatment is non-inferior to surgery, shifting the current standard treatment choice to conservative treatment alone could save over €30 millions of direct medical costs on an annual basis. Economic evaluation studies comparing surgery to conservative treatment are lacking...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001446/evidence-based-treatments-for-youths-who-engage-in-illegal-sexual-behaviors
#9
Alex R Dopp, Charles M Borduin, Daniel B Rothman, Elizabeth J Letourneau
Effective treatments for youths who have engaged in illegal sexual behaviors are needed to reduce the societal impact of sexual crimes. This article reviews the state of the evidence base for treatments that target this clinical population. We conducted a comprehensive literature review to identify studies that evaluated outcomes of treatments for youths who have engaged in illegal sexual behaviors. Based on the results of our review, we characterized each treatment using established criteria for five evidence-based treatment classifications...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994524/blood-product-supply-in-germany-the-impact-of-apheresis-and-pooled-platelet-concentrates
#10
Karin Berger, Dorothee Schopohl, Georg Wittmann, Wolfgang Schramm, Helmut Ostermann, Christina Rieger
BACKGROUND: In Germany, about 60% of all produced platelet concentrates (PCs) are apheresis PCs (APCs). Ongoing discussions on APC reimbursement and costs might lead to a potential shift in pooled PC (PPC)/APC production. Objective of this analysis was to build a comprehensive model from the societal perspective to evaluate consequences associated with shifts in platelet supply and demand. METHODS: Literature search, desktop researches on platelet supply and demand...
November 2016: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981151/a-review-on-cost-effectiveness-and-cost-utility-of-psychosocial-care-in-cancer-patients
#11
REVIEW
Femke Jansen, Valesca van Zwieten, Veerle M H Coupé, C René Leemans, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
Several psychosocial care interventions have been found effective in improving psychosocial outcomes in cancer patients. At present, there is increasingly being asked for information on the value for money of this type of intervention. This review therefore evaluates current evidence from studies investigating cost-effectiveness or cost-utility of psychosocial care in cancer patients. A systematic search was conducted in PubMed and Web of Science yielding 539 unique records, of which 11 studies were included in the study...
April 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942577/laboratory-notes-from-behavioral-pharmacologists-and-trainees-considerations-for-the-discipline
#12
Rick A Bevins, Scott T Barrett, Brady M Thompson, Steven T Pittenger
In several laboratory meetings, we discussed the challenges that face trainees in behavioral pharmacology. Major concerns, such as a difficult funding climate and limited academic job prospects were discussed at first. However, we decided to concentrate on ways to meet these challenges; versus focusing on negatives and listing gripes. Within this more constructive framework, we identified the importance of broadening training to aligned areas to enhance the capacity of behavioral pharmacologists to collaborate in multidisciplinary teams...
November 2016: Behav Anal (Wash D C)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942080/policy-documents-as-sources-for-measuring-societal-impact-how-often-is-climate-change-research-mentioned-in-policy-related-documents
#13
Lutz Bornmann, Robin Haunschild, Werner Marx
In the current UK Research Excellence Framework (REF) and the Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA), societal impact measurements are inherent parts of the national evaluation systems. In this study, we deal with a relatively new form of societal impact measurements. Recently, Altmetric-a start-up providing publication level metrics-started to make data for publications available which have been mentioned in policy documents. We regard this data source as an interesting possibility to specifically measure the (societal) impact of research...
2016: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919257/global-priorities-for-research-and-the-relative-importance-of-different-research-outcomes-an-international-delphi-survey-of-malaria-research-experts
#14
Jo-Ann Mulligan, Lesong Conteh
BACKGROUND: As global research investment increases, attention inevitably turns to assessing and measuring the outcomes and impact from research programmes. Research can have many different outcomes such as producing advances in scientific knowledge, building research capacity and, ultimately, health and broader societal benefits. The aim of this study was to test the use of a Delphi methodology as a way of gathering views from malaria research experts on research priorities and eliciting relative valuations of the different types of health research impact...
December 6, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904656/the-berlin-treatment-algorithm-recommendations-for-tailored-innovative-therapeutic-strategies-for-multiple-sclerosis-related-fatigue
#15
REVIEW
Christian Veauthier, Helge Hasselmann, Stefan M Gold, Friedemann Paul
More than 80% of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients suffer from fatigue. Despite this, there are few therapeutic options and evidence-based pharmacological treatments are lacking. The associated societal burden is substantial (MS fatigue is a major reason for part-time employment or early retirement), and at least one out of four MS patients view fatigue as the most burdensome symptom of their disease. The mechanisms underlying MS-related fatigue are poorly understood, and objective criteria for distinguishing and evaluating levels of fatigue and tiredness have not yet been developed...
2016: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903824/societal-impact-of-synthetic-biology-responsible-research-and-innovation-rri
#16
REVIEW
Daniel Gregorowius, Anna Deplazes-Zemp
Synthetic biology is an emerging field at the interface between biology and engineering, which has generated many expectations for beneficial biomedical and biotechnological applications. At the same time, however, it has also raised concerns about risks or the aim of producing new forms of living organisms. Researchers from different disciplines as well as policymakers and the general public have expressed the need for a form of technology assessment that not only deals with technical aspects, but also includes societal and ethical issues...
November 30, 2016: Essays in Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903156/american-society-of-clinical-oncology-obesity-initiative-rationale-progress-and-future-directions
#17
Jennifer A Ligibel, Dana Wollins
Obesity is increasingly being linked to the risk of developing and dying from cancer. In recognition of the growing contribution of obesity to cancer risk and outcomes, ASCO made obesity and cancer one of its core initiatives in 2014. The goals of this initiative included raising awareness of the relationship between obesity and cancer, providing tools and resources to oncology providers and patients to help encourage conversations regarding weight management in cancer survivors, fostering a robust research agenda, and advocating for access to evidence-based weight management programs for cancer survivors...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872118/cost-burden-of-type-2-diabetes-in-germany-results-from-the-population-based-kora-studies
#18
Susanne Ulrich, Rolf Holle, Margarethe Wacker, Renee Stark, Andrea Icks, Barbara Thorand, Annette Peters, Michael Laxy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of type 2 diabetes on direct and indirect costs and to describe the effect of relevant diabetes-related factors, such as type of treatment or glycaemic control on direct costs. DESIGN: Bottom-up excess cost analysis from a societal perspective based on population-based survey data. PARTICIPANTS: 9160 observations from 6803 individuals aged 31-96 years (9.6% with type 2 diabetes) from the population-based KORA (Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg) studies in Southern Germany...
November 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872026/male-and-female-sexual-dysfunction-in-a-rapidly-changing-cultural-environment-addressing-gender-equality-versus-equivalence-in-the-bedroom
#19
REVIEW
Marianne Brandon, Abraham Morgentaler
INTRODUCTION: The socio-sexual climate in Western cultures is changing at an astounding rate. Never before have societal expectations about gender roles shifted so radically, transforming our understanding of what it means to be a sexual man or woman today. We have observed that confusion regarding masculine and feminine roles within long-term committed relationships can represent challenges for the treatment of sexual dysfunction. Despite the relevance to sexual medicine, sexual medicine specialists have largely avoided this controversial topic...
April 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871105/development-and-full-body-validation-of-a-5th-percentile-female-finite-element-model
#20
Matthew L Davis, Bharath Koya, Jeremy M Schap, F Scott Gayzik
To mitigate the societal impact of vehicle crash, researchers are using a variety of tools, including finite element models (FEMs). As part of the Global Human Body Models Consortium (GHBMC) project, comprehensive medical image and anthropometrical data of the 5th percentile female (F05) were acquired for the explicit purpose of FEM development. The F05-O (occupant) FEM model consists of 981 parts, 2.6 million elements, 1.4 million nodes, and has a mass of 51.1 kg. The model was compared to experimental data in 10 validation cases ranging from localized rigid hub impacts to full body sled cases...
November 2016: Stapp Car Crash Journal
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