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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149575/researchers-of-color-fame-and-impact
#1
Michael A Zárate, Gordon Nagayama Hall, Victoria C Plaut
Fame and eminence, as traditionally measured, limit the definition of impact to the publication world. We add two types of impact to the traditional measures of fame and eminence. Many of the traditional measures of fame or eminence are based on social-network connections, whereby individuals appoint other people to positions of eminence. Editorial boards are one specific example. Eminence is also limited to number of publications, for example, with little regard for the impact of those publications at the societal level...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148980/-just-don-t-be-creepy-a-phenomenological-study-of-the-experiences-of-men-in-massage-therapy
#2
Amanda Baskwill, Meredith Vanstone
Background Societal expectations around traditional binary gender roles result in some professions being considered "men's work" or "women's work". Massage therapy (MT) is one such profession that, despite being predominantly female, is joined by an increasing number of men with a desire to help others. Methods This descriptive phenomenological study asked male massage therapists in Ontario, Canada, about their experience of gender in their professional lives. Fourteen men shared their experiences of practice, which included discriminatory hiring and patient preferences for female practitioners...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123645/beerdecoded-the-open-beer-metagenome-project
#3
Jonathan Sobel, Luc Henry, Nicolas Rotman, Gianpaolo Rando
Next generation sequencing has radically changed research in the life sciences, in both academic and corporate laboratories. The potential impact is tremendous, yet a majority of citizens have little or no understanding of the technological and ethical aspects of this widespread adoption. We designed BeerDeCoded as a pretext to discuss the societal issues related to genomic and metagenomic data with fellow citizens, while advancing scientific knowledge of the most popular beverage of all. In the spirit of citizen science, sample collection and DNA extraction were carried out with the participation of non-scientists in the community laboratory of Hackuarium, a not-for-profit organisation that supports unconventional research and promotes the public understanding of science...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120398/bamboo-polylactic-acid-pla-composite-material-for-structural-applications
#4
Angel Pozo Morales, Alfredo Güemes, Antonio Fernandez-Lopez, Veronica Carcelen Valero, Sonia De La Rosa Llano
Developing an eco-friendly industry based on green materials, sustainable technologies, and optimum processes with low environmental impact is a general societal goal, but this remains a considerable challenge to achieve. Despite the large number of research on green structural composites, limited investigation into the most appropriate manufacturing methodology to develop a structural material at industrial level has taken place. Laboratory panels have been manufactured with different natural fibers but the methodologies and values obtained could not be extrapolated at industrial level...
November 9, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110907/what-is-the-impact-of-professional-nursing-on-patients-outcomes-globally-an-overview-of-research-evidence
#5
REVIEW
Samantha Coster, Mary Watkins, Ian J Norman
BACKGROUND: Nursing is an integral part of all healthcare services, and has the potential of having a wide and enduring impact on health outcomes for a global ageing population. Over time nurses have developed new roles and assumed greater responsibilities. It is increasingly important to demonstrate the safety and overall impact of nurses' practice through research, to support the case for greater investment and development of nursing services around the world. OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of existing research evidence on the impact of nursing on patient outcomes, identify gaps in evidence, and point to future priorities for global research...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107781/drought-evolution-severity-and-trends-in-mainland-china-over-1961-2013
#6
Ning Yao, Yi Li, Tianjie Lei, Lingling Peng
Droughts have destructive impacts on crop yields and water supplies, and researching droughts is vital for societal stability and human life. This work aimed to assess the spatiotemporal evolution of droughts in mainland China over 1961-2013 using four drought indices. These indices were the percentage of precipitation anomaly (Pa), standard precipitation index (SPI), standard precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI) and evaporative demand drought index (EDDI) at multiple timescales ranging from 1-week to 24-month...
November 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107616/chronic-pain-disrupts-ability-to-work-by-interfering-with-social-function-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Elizabeth Hengstebeck, Steven Roskos, Karen Breejen, Bengt Arnetz, Judy Arnetz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Some 100 million adults in the United States suffer from chronic pain. While research to date has focused primarily on pain interference with physical and psychological function and its effects on employment, few studies have examined the impact of pain interference on social functioning and its effects on employment. The aims of our study were to (1) evaluate the association between pain interference with ability to work and actual employment status among working age adults with chronic pain; and (2) evaluate pain interference with four types of functioning - cognitive, physical, psychological, and social - as possible mediators of pain interference with the ability to work...
October 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102992/association-of-psychological-distress-quality-of-life-and-costs-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-severity-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-palms-cohort
#8
Christina Jerosch-Herold, Julie Houghton, Julian Blake, Anum Shaikh, Edward Cf Wilson, Lee Shepstone
OBJECTIVES: The Prediciting factors for response to treatment in carpal tunnel syndrome (PALMS) study is designed to identify prognostic factors for outcome from corticosteroid injection and surgical decompression for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and predictors of cost over 2 years. The aim of this paper is to explore the cross-sectional association of baseline patient-reported and clinical severity with anxiety, depression, health-related quality of life and costs of CTS in patients referred to secondary care...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094035/women-s-marriage-age-matters-for-public-health-a-review-of-the-broader-health-and-social-implications-in-south-asia
#9
REVIEW
Akanksha A Marphatia, Gabriel S Ambale, Alice M Reid
In many traditional societies, women's age at marriage acts simultaneously as a gateway to new family roles and the likelihood of producing offspring. However, inadequate attention has previously been given to the broader health and social implications of variability in women's marriage age for public health. Biomedical scientists have primarily been concerned with whether the onset of reproduction occurs before the woman is adequately able to nurture her offspring and maintain her own health. Social scientists have argued that early marriage prevents women from attaining their rightful education, accessing employment and training opportunities, developing social relationships with peers, and participating in civic life...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077134/-minimally-invasive-brain-stimulation-for-unipolar-depression
#10
P van Eijndhoven, I Tendolkar, P van Eijndhoven, I Tendolkar, D J L G Schutter
BACKGROUND: Unipolar depression is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders and has a high impact at individual and societal level. Commonly used treatments such as antidepressants and psychotherapy are often not effective. AIM: To determine the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and direct current stimulation (tDCS) as minimally invasive forms of treatment for unipolar depression. METHOD: We searched the literature...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071804/contributions-of-academic-emergency-medicine-programs-to-us-healthcare-summary-of-the-aaaem-aacem-benchmarking-data
#11
Martin A Reznek, James J Scheulen, Cathi A Harbertson, Kevin A Kotkowski, Gabor D Kelen, Gregory A Volturo
OBJECTIVES: The societal contribution of emergency care in the United States has been described. The role and impact of academic emergency departments (EDs) has been less clear. Our report summarizes the results of a benchmarking effort specifically focused on academic emergency medicine (EM) practices. METHODS: From October through December of 2016, the Academy of Academic Administrators of Emergency Medicine (AAAEM) and the Association of Academic Chairs of Emergency Medicine (AACEM) jointly administered a benchmarking survey to allopathic, academic departments and divisions of emergency medicine...
October 26, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068288/timing-of-surgical-intervention-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-a-randomised-controlled-trial-hip-op
#12
Charlotte L Williams, Susie Weller, Lisa Roberts, Isabel Reading, Andrew Cook, Louisa Little, Wendy Wood, Louise Stanton, Andreas Roposch, Nicholas Mp Clarke
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a very common congenital disorder, and late-presenting cases often require surgical treatment. Surgical reduction of the hip may be complicated by avascular necrosis (AVN), which occurs as a result of interruption to the femoral head blood supply during treatment and can result in long-term problems. Some surgeons delay surgical treatment until the ossific nucleus (ON) has developed, whereas others believe that the earlier the reduction is performed, the better the result...
October 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065148/imagining-the-open-university-sharing-scholarship-to-improve-research-and-education
#13
Erin C McKiernan
Open scholarship, such as the sharing of articles, code, data, and educational resources, has the potential to improve university research and education as well as increase the impact universities can have beyond their own walls. To support this perspective, I present evidence from case studies, published literature, and personal experiences as a practicing open scholar. I describe some of the challenges inherent to practicing open scholarship and some of the tensions created by incompatibilities between institutional policies and personal practice...
October 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056140/introduction-to-northeast-pacific-shark-biology-research-and-conservation-part-b
#14
Shawn E Larson, Dayv Lowry
Sharks are iconic, sometimes apex, predators found in every ocean. Because of their ecological role as predators and concern over the stability of their populations, there has been an increasing amount of work focused on shark conservation around the world in recent decades. The populations of sharks that reside in the Northeast Pacific (NEP) Ocean bordering the west coast of the United States reside in one of the most economically and ecologically important oceanic regions in the world. Volume 78 of Advances in Marine Biology (AMB) is a companion to Volume 77, which focused primarily on NEP shark biodiversity, organismal biology, and ecology...
2017: Advances in Marine Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049913/social-class-and-policy-preferences-implications-for-economic-inequality-and-interclass-relations
#15
REVIEW
Heather E Bullock
Record-setting levels of income and wealth inequality are deepening social class divisions. The adoption of strong progressive redistributive policies is crucial to reducing class inequities, yet many barriers to doing so exist. This review examines class-based policy preferences, focusing on the effects of economic self-interest, system justification, and classist, racist, and sexist stereotypes on policy support. The impact of broader economic conditions is also considered. Collectively, this body of research makes clear that building stronger cross-class support for redistributive policies and programs will prove difficult without addressing both class-based power differences and beliefs that justify inequality...
August 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043567/impact-of-adverse-events-on-health-utility-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-receiving-first-line-chemotherapy-for-metastatic-breast-cancer-results-from-the-select-bc-study
#16
Yasuhiro Hagiwara, Takeru Shiroiwa, Kojiro Shimozuma, Takuya Kawahara, Yukari Uemura, Takanori Watanabe, Naruto Taira, Takashi Fukuda, Yasuo Ohashi, Hirofumi Mukai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of adverse events (AEs) on health utility and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with metastatic breast cancer undergoing first-line chemotherapy. METHODS: We analyzed the data from the SELECT BC study, a multicenter, open-label, randomized, phase III study conducted in Japan, which compared first-line S-1 with taxane therapies. Heath utility and HRQOL were assessed using the EQ-5D-3L and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) at baseline and 3, 6, and 12 months after treatment initiation...
October 17, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037273/determinants-of-takeaway-and-fast-food-consumption-a-narrative-review
#17
Hayley G Janssen, Ian G Davies, Lucinda D Richardson, Leonard Stevenson
Out-of-home foods (takeaway, take-out and fast foods) have become increasingly popular in recent decades and are thought to be a key driver in increasing levels of overweight and obesity due to their unfavourable nutritional content. Individual food choices and eating behaviours are influenced by many interrelated factors which affect the results of nutrition-related public health interventions. While the majority of research based on out-of-home foods comes from Australia, the UK and USA, the same issues (poor dietary habits and increased prevalence of non-communicable disease) are of equal concern for urban centres in developing economies undergoing 'nutrition transition' at a global scale...
October 17, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033873/a-three-dimensional-model-of-women-s-empowerment-implications-in-the-field-of-microfinance-and-future-directions
#18
Marloes A Huis, Nina Hansen, Sabine Otten, Robert Lensink
Women's empowerment is an important goal in achieving sustainable development worldwide. Offering access to microfinance services to women is one way to increase women's empowerment. However, empirical evidence provides mixed results with respect to its effectiveness. We reviewed previous research on the impact of microfinance services on different aspects of women's empowerment. We propose a Three-Dimensional Model of Women's Empowerment to integrate previous findings and to gain a deeper understanding of women's empowerment in the field of microfinance services...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022750/the-cost-effectiveness-of-therapies-to-treat-alcohol-use-disorders
#19
J Rehm, C Barbosa
Alcohol use is a major risk factor for mortality and morbidity burden, and alcohol use disorders contribute markedly to this burden. Effective interventions for alcohol use disorders improve health, and are potentially cost-effective or even cost saving. Areas covered: We searched the literature for the cost-effectiveness of alcohol interventions. We included behavioral, pharmacological and combined interventions, and research from both a health care provider and a societal perspective. Overall, many economic research studies pointed towards existing cost-beneficial therapies from the perspective of a health care provider; i...
October 20, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991508/responsible-decision-making-for-plant-research-and-breeding-innovations-in-the-european-union
#20
Dennis Eriksson, Sevasti Chatzopoulou
Plant research and breeding has made substantial technical progress over the past few decades, indicating a potential for tremendous societal impact. Due to this potential, the development of policies and legislation on plant breeding and the technical progress should preferably involve all relevant stakeholders. However, we argue here that there is a substantial imbalance in the European Union (EU) regarding the influence of the various stakeholder groups on policy makers. We use evidence from three examples in order to show that the role of science is overlooked: 1) important delays in the decision process concerning the authorization of genetically modified (GM) maize events, 2) the significance attributed to non-scientific reasons in new legislation concerning the prohibition of GM events in EU member states, and 3) failure of the European Commission to deliver legal guidance to new plant breeding techniques despite sufficient scientific evidence and advisory reports...
October 9, 2017: GM Crops & Food
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