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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637285/a-qualitative-study-of-the-impact-of-endometriosis-on-male-partners
#1
L Culley, C Law, N Hudson, H Mitchell, E Denny, N Raine-Fenning
STUDY QUESTION: What is the impact of endometrioses on male partners of women with the condition? SUMMARY ANSWER: Endometriosis significantly impacts men across several life domains and can negatively impact emotional well-being. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Endometriosis has been shown to negatively impact women's quality of life and may strain intimate relationships. Little is known about the impact on male partners. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The ENDOPART study was a cross-sectional, qualitative study of 22 women with endometriosis and their male partners (n = 44) in the UK (2012-2013)...
June 15, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624336/a-framework-for-evaluating-the-accessibility-of-raw-materials-from-end-of-life-products-and-the-earth-s-crust
#2
Sandra R Mueller, Patrick A Wäger, David A Turner, Peter J Shaw, Ian D Williams
An increasing number of geochemically scarce metallic raw materials are entering into our lives via new technologies. A reversal of this trend is not foreseeable, leading to concerns regarding the security of their supply. However, the evaluation of raw material supply is currently hampered by inconsistent use of fundamental terminologies and incomplete assessment criteria. In this paper, we aim to establish a consistent framework for evaluating raw material supply from both anthropogenic and geological sources...
June 14, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618317/citizen-science-for-water-quality-monitoring-data-implications-of-citizen-perspectives
#3
Ashlee Jollymore, Morgan J Haines, Terre Satterfield, Mark S Johnson
Citizen science, where citizens play an active role in the scientific process, is increasingly used to expand the reach and scope of scientific research while also achieving engagement and educational goals. Despite the emergence of studies exploring data outcomes of citizen science, the process and experience of engaging with citizens and citizen-lead groups through participatory science is less explored. This includes how citizen perspectives alter data outcomes, a critical upshot given prevalent mistrust of citizen versus scientist data...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614629/land-use-strategies-to-balance-livestock-production-biodiversity-conservation-and-carbon-storage-in-yucat%C3%A3-n-mexico
#4
David R Williams, Fredy Alvarado, Rhys E Green, Andrea Manica, Ben Phalan, Andrew Balmford
Balancing the production of food, particularly meat, with preserving biodiversity and maintaining ecosystem services is a major societal challenge. Research into the contrasting strategies of land sparing and land sharing has suggested that land sparing - combining high-yield agriculture with protection or restoration of natural habitats on non-farmed land - will have lower environmental impacts than other strategies. Ecosystems with long histories of habitat disturbance, however, could be resilient to low-yield agriculture and thus fare better under land sharing...
June 14, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588754/endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-in-mixture-and-obesity-diabetes-and-related-metabolic-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Brigitte Le Magueresse-Battistoni, Emmanuel Labaronne, Hubert Vidal, Danielle Naville
Obesity and associated metabolic disorders represent a major societal challenge in health and quality of life with large psychological consequences in addition to physical disabilities. They are also one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Although, different etiologic factors including excessive food intake and reduced physical activity have been well identified, they cannot explain the kinetics of epidemic evolution of obesity and diabetes with prevalence rates reaching pandemic proportions...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561218/-50th-anniversary-of-psychiatric-attitude-research-in-germany
#6
Matthias C Angermeyer, Herbert Matschinger, Georg Schomerus
Objective Analysis of the development of psychiatric attitude research in Germany over the past 50 years. Methods Historical overview based on systematic reviews of population-based studies. Results In the beginning, public attitudes towards people with mental disorders and towards psychiatry were studied from a sociological perspective, later on research was guided by a social psychological or individual psychological approach. This provided important insights into processes underlying the stigma of mental illness (e...
May 23, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554452/characterizing-the-orthodontic-patient-s-purchase-decision-a-novel-approach-using-netnography
#7
Joseph W Pittman, M Elizabeth Bennett, Lorne D Koroluk, Stacey G Robinson, Ceib L Phillips
INTRODUCTION: A deeper and more thorough characterization of why patients do or do not seek orthodontic treatment is needed for effective shared decision making about receiving treatment. Previous orthodontic qualitative research has identified important dimensions that influence treatment decisions, but our understanding of patients' decisions and how they interpret benefits and barriers of treatment are lacking. The objectives of this study were to expand our current list of decision-making dimensions and to create a conceptual framework to describe the decision-making process...
June 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540367/lived-lives-a-pavee-perspective-an-arts-science-community-intervention-around-suicide-in-an-indigenous-ethnic-minority
#8
Kevin M Malone, Seamus G McGuinness, Eimear Cleary, Janis Jefferies, Christabel Owens, Cecily C Kelleher
Background: Suicide is a significant public health concern, which impacts on health outcomes. Few suicide research studies have been interdisciplinary. We combined a psychobiographical autopsy with a visual arts autopsy, in which families donated stories, images and objects associated with the lived life of a loved one lost to suicide. From this interdisciplinary research platform, a mediated exhibition was created (Lived Lives) with artist, scientist and families, co-curated by communities, facilitating dialogue, response and public action around suicide prevention...
April 13, 2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532170/an-in-depth-understanding-of-the-impact-of-the-environment-on-participation-among-people-with-spinal-cord-injury
#9
Feng-Hang Chang, Cheng-Han Liu, Hsin-Ping Hung
PURPOSE: To identify environmental factors associated with participation and gain an in-depth understanding of relationships between environmental factors and participation among people with spinal cord injury. METHOD: Six focus groups (n= 30) with individuals with spinal cord injury were conducted. Two independent coders thematically analyzed the transcribed data. RESULTS: Twenty environmental factors were identified, all of which were classified into eight categories: built environment; natural environment; assistive technology; transportation; information and technology access; economics; social support and social attitudes; and systems, services and policies...
May 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528567/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-positively-affects-fatigue-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Lizanne E van den Akker, Heleen Beckerman, Emma H Collette, Jos Wr Twisk, Gijs Bleijenberg, Joost Dekker, Hans Knoop, Vincent de Groot
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a common symptom in multiple sclerosis (MS) and often restricts societal participation. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may alleviate MS-related fatigue, but evidence in literature is inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of CBT to improve MS-related fatigue and participation. METHODS: In a multi-center, assessor-masked, randomized controlled trial, participants with severe MS-related fatigue were assigned to CBT or control treatment...
May 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520495/an-approach-to-assess-the-burden-of-work-related-injury-disease-and-distress
#11
Paul A Schulte, Rene Pana-Cryan, Teresa Schnorr, Anita L Schill, Rebecca Guerin, Sarah Felknor, Gregory R Wagner
The true burden (morbidity, mortality, disability, cost, pain, distress) of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries is unknown, and what is reported as burden is significantly underestimated. This underestimation affects the way decision-makers view investments in research and worker protection, which in turn has a substantial impact on national welfare and public health. To better describe the societal and individual burdens of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries, we propose an approach to gauge what is known about burden and where new assessments may be made...
July 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515548/culturally-relevant-family-therapy-practice-with-parents-of-children-and-adolescents
#12
Tania Roy, A Thirumoorthy, R Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND: India is diverse in culture, with multiple aspects that may not match with the Western societal picture. Hence, it has often been seen that therapists encounter unique aspects of therapy that is faced during actual practice, which is never written in any textbook or research papers. Substantial information is present through both outcome (efficacy and effectiveness) studies and process research, but it has very little impact of actual Marital and Family Therapy (MFT) practice...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495013/the-acttion-aps-aapm-pain-taxonomy-aaapt-multidimensional-approach-to-classifying-acute-pain-conditions
#13
Michael L Kent, Patrick J Tighe, Inna Belfer, Timothy J Brennan, Stephen Bruehl, Chad M Brummett, Chester C Buckenmaier, Asokumar Buvanendran, Robert I Cohen, Paul Desjardins, David Edwards, Roger Fillingim, Jennifer Gewandter, Debra B Gordon, Robert W Hurley, Henrik Kehlet, John D Loeser, Sean Mackey, Samuel A McLean, Rosemary Polomano, Siamak Rahman, Srinivasa Raja, Michael Rowbotham, Santhanam Suresh, Bernard Schachtel, Kristin Schreiber, Mark Schumacher, Brett Stacey, Steven Stanos, Knox Todd, Dennis C Turk, Steven J Weisman, Christopher Wu, Daniel B Carr, Robert H Dworkin, Gregory Terman
OBJECTIVE: With the increasing societal awareness of the prevalence and impact of acute pain, there is a need to develop an acute pain classification system that both reflects contemporary mechanistic insights and helps guide future research and treatment. Existing classifications of acute pain conditions are limiting, with a predominant focus on the sensory experience (eg, pain intensity) and pharmacologic consumption. Consequently, there is a need to more broadly characterize and classify the multidimensional experience of acute pain...
May 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493360/ethical-reflection-for-medical-electives
#14
Rose Tiller, June Jones
BACKGROUND: Forty per cent of UK medical students undertake their elective in a developing country. Although these opportunities are often rewarding, students encounter ethical questions, both in preparation and undertaking these projects. The British Medical Association highlights three key ethical considerations for elective students: clinical challenges, cultural challenges and impact on the host institution. This report reflects on these considerations in the context of a 4-week medical elective conducted by UK medical students in the Solomon Islands...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482098/the-acttion-aps-aapm-pain-taxonomy-aaapt-multidimensional-approach-to-classifying-acute-pain-conditions
#15
Michael L Kent, Patrick J Tighe, Inna Belfer, Timothy J Brennan, Stephen Bruehl, Chad M Brummett, Chester C Buckenmaier, Asokumar Buvanendran, Robert I Cohen, Paul Desjardins, David Edwards, Roger Fillingim, Jennifer Gewandter, Debra B Gordon, Robert W Hurley, Henrik Kehlet, John D Loeser, Sean Mackey, Samuel A McLean, Rosemary Polomano, Siamak Rahman, Srinivasa Raja, Michael Rowbotham, Santhanam Suresh, Bernard Schachtel, Kristin Schreiber, Mark Schumacher, Brett Stacey, Steven Stanos, Knox Todd, Dennis C Turk, Steven J Weisman, Christopher Wu, Daniel B Carr, Robert H Dworkin, Gregory Terman
Objective: With the increasing societal awareness of the prevalence and impact of acute pain, there is a need to develop an acute pain classification system that both reflects contemporary mechanistic insights and helps guide future research and treatment. Existing classifications of acute pain conditions are limiting, with a predominant focus on the sensory experience (e.g., pain intensity) and pharmacologic consumption. Consequently, there is a need to more broadly characterize and classify the multidimensional experience of acute pain...
May 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448739/health-economic-evaluation-of-immunization-strategies-of-hepatitis-e-vaccine-for-elderly-population
#16
Xiaoqing Cheng, Yueyuan Zhao, Xuefeng Zhang, Hui Jin, Jie Min
Objective This study was conducted to assess the cost-effectiveness of hepatitis E vaccination of elderly population in the sporadic regions in China. Methods We used a decision tree-Markov model to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of 3 kinds of hepatitis E virus vaccination strategies from societal perspectives. Parameter estimates were obtained from published researches and experts' opinion. The time horizon was 16 years, and the discounted rate was 3% annually. Costs are expressed in 2016 US dollars. Results The universal vaccination strategy had an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of US$ 8475...
April 27, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439378/oman-vision-2050-for-health-research-a-strategic-plan-for-the-future-based-on-the-past-and-present-experience
#17
REVIEW
Adhra Hilal Nasser Al Mawali, Ahmed Mohamed Al Qasmi, Sultana Mohamed Saif Al Sabahi, John Idikula, Mahmoud Attia Abd Elaty, Magdi Morsi, Ali Talib Al Hinai
Health care delivery in Oman has attained great heights since the modern renaissance in 1970. Although the health service had the main impetus all these years, the importance of health research began to take place by mid 1990's and is now gaining momentum as an important responsibility and activity of the Ministry of Health (MoH). Although there has been progressively increasing investment and commitment to research activities in the recent Five Year Plan for Health Development, it still lags behind in the quality and quantity of research output...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439247/when-corporate-social-responsibility-csr-meets-organizational-psychology-new-frontiers-in-micro-csr-research-and-fulfilling-a-quid-pro-quo-through-multilevel-insights
#18
David A Jones, Chelsea R Willness, Ante Glavas
Researchers, corporate leaders, and other stakeholders have shown increasing interest in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)-a company's discretionary actions and policies that appear to advance societal well-being beyond its immediate financial interests and legal requirements. Spanning decades of research activity, the scholarly literature on CSR has been dominated by meso- and macro-level perspectives, such as studies within corporate strategy that examine relationships between firm-level indicators of social/environmental performance and corporate financial performance...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411575/the-risk-factors-of-possible-ptsd-in-individuals-exposed-to-a-suicide-attack-in-turkey
#19
Altan Eşsizoğlu, Ali Ercan Altınöz, Harun Olcay Sonkurt, Murat Can Kaya, Ferdi Köşger, Cem Kaptanoğlu
The aims of this study were to determine both the rate of possible PTSD in individuals who were exposed to a suicide attack in Ankara, Turkey, and the factors that relate to the elevated risk for PTSD in individuals who survived that suicide attack. The researchers carried out the study with 93 participants who had attended a meeting held in Ankara on October 10, 2015. Participants completed a sociodemographic information form, the Traumatic Stress Symptom Checklist (TSSC), the Post-Traumatic Cognitions Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Influence of Perceived Societal Attitudes Questionnaire (IPSAQ)...
April 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411152/the-origins-of-the-bioeconomy-in-the-european-union
#20
REVIEW
Christian Patermann, Alfredo Aguilar
This article outlines the context and circumstances that favoured the development of a Bioeconomy Strategy in the European Union (EU) and the role played by the different Framework programmes for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration. Particular attention is given to the biotechnology related programmes and more specifically to the "Cell Factory" Key Action in the 5th Framework Programme (1998-2002). This, together with the parallel development of a Strategy on Biotechnology in 2002, served as a solid foundation for the creation of the, at the time, so-called Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy (KBBE)...
April 11, 2017: New Biotechnology
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