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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925085/the-conduct-of-australian-indigenous-primary-health-care-research-focusing-on-social-and-emotional-wellbeing-a-systematic-review
#1
Sara Farnbach, Anne-Maree Eades, Josephine D Gwynn, Nick Glozier, Maree L Hackett
Objectives and importance of study: Values and ethics: guidelines for ethical conduct in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health research (Values and ethics) describes key values that should underpin Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous)-focused health research. It is unclear how research teams address this document in primary health care research. We systematically review the primary health care literature focusing on Indigenous social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB) to identify how Values and ethics and community preferences for standards of behaviour (local protocols) are addressed during research...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921688/interventions-for-mental-health-problems-in-children-and-adults-with-severe-intellectual-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#2
Leen Vereenooghe, Samantha Flynn, Richard P Hastings, Dawn Adams, Umesh Chauhan, Sally-Ann Cooper, Nick Gore, Chris Hatton, Kerry Hood, Andrew Jahoda, Peter E Langdon, Rachel McNamara, Chris Oliver, Ashok Roy, Vasiliki Totsika, Jane Waite
OBJECTIVE: Mental health problems are more prevalent in people with than without intellectual disabilities, yet treatment options have received little attention. The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate the effectiveness of pharmacological and psychological interventions in the treatment of mental health problems in children and adults with severe and profound intellectual disabilities, given their difficulties in accessing standard mental health interventions, particularly talking therapies, and difficulties reporting drug side effects...
June 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921682/estimating-the-economic-costs-of-ethnic-health-inequities-protocol-for-a-prevalence-based-cost-of-illness-study-in-new-zealand-2003-2014
#3
Papaarangi Reid, Sarah-Jane Paine, Braden Te Ao, Esther Willing, Emma Wyeth, Rhema Vaithianathan
INTRODUCTION: There is significant international interest in the economic impacts of persistent inequities in morbidity and mortality. However, very few studies have quantified the costs associated with unfair and preventable ethnic/racial inequities in health. The proposed study will investigate inequities in health between the indigenous Māori and non-Māori adult population in New Zealand (15 years and older) and estimate the economic costs associated with these differences. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study will use national collections data that is held by government agencies in New Zealand including hospitalisations, mortality, outpatient consultations, laboratory and pharmaceutical claims, and accident compensation claims...
June 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921680/contribution-of-physician-assistants-associates-to-secondary-care-a-systematic-review
#4
Mary Halter, Carly Wheeler, Ferruccio Pelone, Heather Gage, Simon de Lusignan, Jim Parle, Robert Grant, Jonathan Gabe, Laura Nice, Vari M Drennan
OBJECTIVE: To appraise and synthesise research on the impact of physician assistants/associates (PA) in secondary care, specifically acute internal medicine, care of the elderly, emergency medicine, trauma and orthopaedics, and mental health. DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: Electronic databases (Medline, Embase, ASSIA, CINAHL, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, Social Policy and Practice, EconLit and Cochrane), reference lists and related articles. INCLUDED ARTICLES: Peer-reviewed articles of any study design, published in English, 1995-2017...
June 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920873/strengthening-mental-health-nurses-resilience-through-a-workplace-resilience-programme-a-qualitative-inquiry
#5
Kim Foster, Celeste Cuzzillo, Trentham Furness
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Mental health nurses are affected by interpersonal, practice-related and organizational factors that can increase workplace stress and reduce their physical and mental health and well-being. Resilience programmes are a strength-based preventative approach to supporting individuals to overcome workplace adversities. WHAT THE PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This qualitative inquiry is the first study to report mental health nurses' perspectives and experiences on a workplace resilience programme...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920699/deployment-status-a-direct-or-indirect-effect-on-mother-child-attachment-within-a-canadian-military-context
#6
Rachel Tupper, Jean-François Bureau, Diane St-Laurent
Research has suggested that military spouses experience increased depressive symptoms and parenting stress during a military member's deployment. A relationship between maternal depressive symptoms, parenting stress, and child attachment security has been found in the general population, as has an indication that social support may provide a buffering effect. While there appears to be an association between the emotional well-being of military spouses and child emotional well-being during deployment, data are limited regarding the association between maternal emotional well-being and child attachment security...
June 19, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920535/factors-influencing-eating-behavior-and-dietary-intake-among-resident-students-in-a-public-university-in-bangladesh-a-qualitative-study
#7
Ashraful Kabir, Shahgahan Miah, Asraful Islam
BACKGROUND: Over the past decades, Bangladesh has made substantial progress in improving higher education, and in part, this was achieved by promoting residence based higher education in public universities. University residency is considered a crucial period for students to develop healthy eating habits and adopt nutritious intake, which comprise a strong foundation for good health throughout life. Although, there is extensive literature on eating behaviors and dietary intake internationally, there appears to be relatively scarce research and analysis concerning Bangladesh...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917315/deep-sea-mining-potential-environmental-legal-economic-and-societal-implications-an-interdisciplinary-research
#8
REVIEW
Andrea Koschinsky, Luise Heinrich, Klaus Boehnke, J Christopher Cohrs, Till Markus, Maor Shani, Pradeep Singh, Karen Smith Stegen, Welf Werner
Deep-sea mining refers to the retrieval of marine mineral resources such as manganese nodules, ferromanganese crusts and seafloor massive sulfide deposits, which contain a variety of metals that serve as crucial raw materials for a range of applications, from electronic devices to renewable energy technologies to construction materials. With the intent of decreasing dependence on imports, supporting the economy and potentially even overcoming the environmental problems related to conventional terrestrial mining, a number of public and private institutions have re-discovered their interest in exploring the prospects of deep-sea mining, which had been deemed economically and technically unfeasible in the early 1980 s...
June 19, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916273/nursing-unit-design-nursing-staff-communication-networks-and-patient-falls-are-they-related
#9
Barbara B Brewer, Kathleen M Carley, Marge Benham-Hutchins, Judith A Effken, Jeffrey Reminga
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research is to (1) investigate the impact of nursing unit design on nursing staff communication patterns and, ultimately, on patient falls in acute care nursing units; and (2) evaluate whether differences in fall rates, if found, were associated with the nursing unit physical structure (shape) or size. BACKGROUND: Nursing staff communication and nursing unit design are frequently linked to patient safety outcomes, yet little is known about the impact of specific nursing unit designs on nursing communication patterns that might affect patient falls...
January 1, 2018: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915059/lack-of-group-to-individual-generalizability-is-a-threat-to-human-subjects-research
#10
Aaron J Fisher, John D Medaglia, Bertus F Jeronimus
Only for ergodic processes will inferences based on group-level data generalize to individual experience or behavior. Because human social and psychological processes typically have an individually variable and time-varying nature, they are unlikely to be ergodic. In this paper, six studies with a repeated-measure design were used for symmetric comparisons of interindividual and intraindividual variation. Our results delineate the potential scope and impact of nonergodic data in human subjects research. Analyses across six samples (with 87-94 participants and an equal number of assessments per participant) showed some degree of agreement in central tendency estimates (mean) between groups and individuals across constructs and data collection paradigms...
June 18, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914859/young-people-s-experiences-of-viewing-the-fitspiration-social-media-trend-qualitative-study
#11
Stephanie Easton, Katherine Morton, Zara Tappy, Daniella Francis, Laura Dennison
BACKGROUND: Social media use has become ubiquitous in the lives of many people, especially young adults. A popular recent trend emerging on social media is that of posting and following 'Fitspirational' content - material that purports to motivate and showcase healthy lifestyle habits, particularly relating to exercise and diet. There is very limited existing literature on how engaging with this type of content influences people's psychological and physical heath. Initial studies have focused on concerns over potential negative effects on psychological wellbeing including body image, self-esteem and eating disorders...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914328/a-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-spiritual-support-services-in-state-hospitals-the-case-of-turkey
#12
Esra Bakiler, Halil Eksi
The purpose of this research is to examine the core and nature of spiritual support services experienced by Turkey's pioneer spiritual support specialists (SSSs). A phenomenological approach was used in this qualitative research in which six males, two females, and eight SSSs participated. It has been seen that as a result of face-to-face interviews with participants within the framework of the semi-structured interview protocol, the spiritual support service has been experienced as a process which changes the perception of life...
June 2018: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913762/the-impact-of-chronic-pain-european-patients-perspective-over-12-months
#13
Tony O'Brien, Harald Breivik
Background and methods Pain Study Tracking Ongoing Responses for a Year (PainSTORY) is a longitudinal study generating some quantitative and limited qualitative data concerning the experiences of individual patients with non-malignant chronic pain. Research was conducted across 13 European countries and a total of 294 patients completed the full evaluation process over 12 months. Adult patients (>18 years old) scoring >4 on an 11-point numeric pain rating scale (NRS-11) for most days during an average week were eligible...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913359/the-landscape-of-dementia-inclusivity
#14
Pauline Marsh, Helen Courtney-Pratt, Marina Campbell
A supported community gardening program became appealing and therapeutically beneficial to people living with the impacts of dementia and their carers, despite not targeting either cohort specifically. This paper discusses how this program provides insights into the landscape of dementia inclusivity. The gardens involved were spaces that allowed positive risk-taking opportunities, respectful intersubjectivity and active citizenship. Our research findings indicate that a meaningful response to the rising incidence of dementia may be to build upon social and geographical attributes of community gardens...
June 15, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913318/the-evidence-needed-to-demonstrate-impact-a-synthesis-of-the-evidence-from-a-phased-social-and-emotional-wellbeing-intervention
#15
Leigh-Ann Onnis, Helen Klieve, Komla Tsey
Policy decisions are based on evidence that demonstrates the effectiveness of interventions; however, the quantity and type of evidence that is needed to demonstrate the effectiveness of an intervention is not universally agreed upon. The aim of this study was to collaborate with researchers who have not been involved directly in Family Wellbeing interventions to lead a review of characteristics of the Family Wellbeing intervention evaluation output to date, and to assess for evidence of the FWB intervention's impact on participants and their communities...
May 31, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913118/gaining-support-for-child-and-family-policies-by-raising-awareness-of-the-link-between-physical-and-mental-health-and-the-impact-of-social-determinants-on-both
#16
Cheryl Geisthardt, Adam Kloha
Results of a pilot study examining young adults' beliefs about what factors contribute to physical and mental health are reported. Existing research and the results of the pilot study are used to argue for the need for improved education on the connection between physical and mental health, the impact of social determinants on physical and mental health, and the potential for social policies that better the lives of children and families to improve health outcomes. Benefits of and suggestions for increasing understanding of social determinants and social policies on physical and mental health are explored...
June 18, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912870/differences-in-childhood-body-mass-index-between-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-and-heterosexual-female-adolescents-a-follow-back-study
#17
Kate Keenan, Kristen Wroblewski, Phoenix A Matthews, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether childhood body mass index (BMI), assessed in childhood, differs between lesbian/gay and bisexual (LGB) and heterosexual late adolescents, and whether childhood social stressors impact the association between sexual orientation and childhood BMI. METHODS: Participants included 2,070 late adolescents from the Pittsburgh Girls Study, of whom 233 (11.2%) identified as lesbian or bisexual and 1,837 (88.8%) as heterosexual at ages 17-20 years...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911878/influence-of-homogeneity-of-student-characteristics-in-a-group-based-social-competence-intervention
#18
Janine P Stichter, Melissa J Herzog, Emily Malugen, Alexander M Schoemann
Although some literature reviews cited mixed results for group-based social competence interventions in schools, existing descriptions of intervention efficacy often lack attention on important factors that may moderate differential response. Some studies suggest that individual characteristics such as diagnosis (i.e., specific deficit clusters) or behavioral profiles may be important social outcome moderators. Given the interactive nature of group-based interventions, understanding how individual characteristics combine to influence outcomes for the group as a whole is an important next step...
June 18, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911466/violence-next-door-the-influence-of-friendship-with-perpetrators-on-responses-to-intimate-partner-violence
#19
Camilla Gleeson Mead, Sally F Kelty
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a prevalent problem worldwide. Friends of perpetrators may be in a unique position to support or affect change. However, little is known about the influence of friendship with a perpetrator on responses to IPV. Social identity theory describes an ingroup bias whereby ingroup perpetrators of violence are viewed as less personally responsible than outgroup perpetrators. This bias has been consistently found for impersonal ingroup relationships, but there is limited research in relation to friends of perpetrators...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910752/gender-differences-in-how-family-income-and-parental-education-relate-to-reading-achievement-in-china-the-mediating-role-of-parental-expectation-and-parental-involvement
#20
Xiaolin Guo, Bo Lv, Huan Zhou, Chunhui Liu, Juan Liu, Kexin Jiang, Liang Luo
The impact of social economic status (SES) on children's academic outcomes has been well documented. However, the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain poorly understood. Furthermore, the process by which SES relates to academic achievement needs to be studied separately for boys and girls. Using a sample of 598 Chinese children (299 boys, 299 girls) in grades 4 to 6 and their parents, this study examined the process of how family SES, specifically family income and parental education, indirectly relates to children's reading achievement through parental expectation and parental involvement and whether this process differs between boys and girls...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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