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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243526/relationship-between-persistent-negative-symptoms-and-findings-of-neurocognition-and-neuroimaging-in-schizophrenia
#1
Ezgi İnce, Alp Üçok
Negative symptoms are defined as loss or reduction of otherwise present behaviors or functions in illness situation, and they have constituted an important aspect of schizophrenia. Although negative symptoms have usually been considered as a single entity, neurobiological investigations yielded discrepant results. To overcome challenges that derive from this discrepancy, researchers have proposed several approaches to structure negative symptoms into more homogenous constructs. Concept of persistent negative symptoms (PNS) is one of the proposed approaches, and includes both primary and secondary negative symptoms that persist after adequate treatment...
January 2018: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240686/marketing-animal-friendly-products-addressing-the-consumer-social-dilemma-with-reinforcement-positioning-strategies
#2
Lenka van Riemsdijk, Paul T M Ingenbleek, Hans C M van Trijp, Gerrita van der Veen
This article presents a conceptual framework that aims to encourage consumer animal-friendly product choice by introducing positioning strategies for animal-friendly products. These strategies reinforce the animal welfare with different types of consumption values and can therefore reduce consumers' social dilemma, which is a major barrier to animal-friendly consumer choices. The article suggests how animal-friendly products can use various types of consumption values (functional, sensory, emotional, social, epistemic and situational) to create an attractive position relative to their competitors...
December 14, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239235/assessing-self-reported-disability-in-a-low-literate-population-with-chronic-low-back-pain-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-testing-of-igbo-roland-morris-disability-questionnaire
#3
Chinonso N Igwesi-Chidobe, Chinwe Obiekwe, Isaac O Sorinola, Emma L Godfrey
PURPOSE: Cross-culturally adapt and validate the Igbo Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire. METHOD: Cross-cultural adaptation, test-retest, and cross-sectional psychometric testing. Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire was forward and back translated by clinical/non-clinical translators. An expert committee appraised the translations. Twelve participants with chronic low back pain pre-tested the measure in a rural Nigerian community. Internal consistency using Cronbach's alpha; test-retest reliability using intra-class correlation coefficient and Bland-Altman plot; and minimal detectable change were investigated in a convenient sample of 50 people with chronic low back pain in rural and urban Nigeria...
December 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238396/-velamente-sailin-in-a-crew-to-improve-self-efficacy-in-people-with-psychosocial-disabilities-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Federica Sancassiani, Alessio Cocco, Giulia Cossu, Stefano Lorrai, Giuseppina Trincas, Francesca Floris, Gisa Mellino, Sergio Machado, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Elisabetta Pascolo Fabrici, Antonello Preti, Mauro Giovanni Carta
Introduction: It has been proposed that sailing can improve quality of life, personal and social skills of people with severe psychosocial disabilities. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a psychosocial rehabilitative intervention focused on sailing on quality of life, self-efficacy and sense of coherence in people with severe psychosocial disabilities. Methods: The study was a randomized, with parallel groups, waiting-list controlled trial. Participants were 51 people with severe psychosocial disabilities...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238230/community-narratives-about-women-and-hiv-risk-in-21-high-burden-communities-in-zambia-and-south-africa
#5
Lario Viljoen, Rhoda Ndubani, Virginia Bond, Janet Seeley, Lindsey Reynolds, Graeme Hoddinott
Public health researchers repeatedly represent women as a group vulnerable to ill health. This has been particularly true in the field of HIV research, where women are disproportionately affected by HIV in terms of disease burden and the social effects of the epidemic. Although women have been the focus of many prevention and treatment programs, structural barriers to implementation of these targeted programs persist. In this article we explore how high HIV-burden communities in South Africa and Zambia engage with the concepts of "woman" and "HIV risk"...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237586/using-social-media-data-to-understand-the-impact-of-promotional-information-on-laypeople-s-discussions-a-case-study-of-lynch-syndrome
#6
Jiang Bian, Yunpeng Zhao, Ramzi G Salloum, Yi Guo, Mo Wang, Mattia Prosperi, Hansi Zhang, Xinsong Du, Laura J Ramirez-Diaz, Zhe He, Yuan Sun
BACKGROUND: Social media is being used by various stakeholders among pharmaceutical companies, government agencies, health care organizations, professionals, and news media as a way of engaging audiences to raise disease awareness and ultimately to improve public health. Nevertheless, it is unclear what effects this health information has on laypeople. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to provide a detailed examination of how promotional health information related to Lynch syndrome impacts laypeople's discussions on a social media platform (Twitter) in terms of topic awareness and attitudes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237560/beyond-the-trigger-the-mental-health-consequences-of-in-home-firearm-access-among-children-of-gun-owners
#7
Jinho Kim
RATIONALE: The high prevalence of household firearms in the U.S. has ignited a growing body of research seeking to understand its health consequences. While a large number of studies examine the impact of firearm availability on health risks of gun owners in the household, relatively little attention is given to whether and how in-home firearm access may shape psychological outcomes among children of gun owners. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether and how in-home firearm access is associated with adolescents' depressive symptoms...
December 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236534/health-outcomes-and-costs-of-social-work-services-a-systematic-review
#8
Gail Steketee, Abigail M Ross, Madeline K Wachman
BACKGROUND: Efforts to reduce expensive health service utilization, contain costs, improve health outcomes, and address the social determinants of health require research that demonstrates the economic value of health services in population health across a variety of settings. Social workers are an integral part of the US health care system, yet the specific contributions of social work to health and cost-containment outcomes are unknown. The social work profession's person-in-environment framework and unique skillset, particularly around addressing social determinants of health, hold promise for improving health and cost outcomes...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235414/zikaplan-zika-preparedness-latin-american-network
#9
A Wilder-Smith, R Preet, K E Renhorn, R A Ximenes, L C Rodrigues, T Solomon, J Neyts, L Lambrechts, H Willison, R Peeling, A K Falconar, A R Precioso, J Logan, T Lang, H P Endtz, M C Erasmus, E Massad
The ongoing Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in Latin America, the Caribbean, and the Pacific Islands has underlined the need for a coordinated research network across the whole region that can respond rapidly to address the current knowledge gaps in Zika and enhance research preparedness beyond Zika. The European Union under its Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme awarded three research consortia to respond to this need. Here we present the ZikaPLAN (Zika Preparedness Latin American Network) consortium...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234826/mental-health-impact-of-social-capital-interventions-a-systematic-review
#10
Elaine C Flores, Daniela C Fuhr, Angela M Bayer, Andres G Lescano, Nicki Thorogood, Victoria Simms
PURPOSE: Mental disorders are a major contributor to the global burden of disease and disability, and can be extremely costly at both individual and community level. Social capital, (SC) defined as an individual's social relationships and participation in community networks, may lower the risk of mental disorders while increasing resilience capacity, adaptation and recovery. SC interventions may be a cost-effective way of preventing and ameliorating these conditions. However, the impact of these SC interventions on mental health still needs research...
December 12, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233123/impact-of-place-of-residence-on-place-of-death-in-wales-an-observational-study
#11
S R Ziwary, D Samad, C D Johnson, R T Edwards
BACKGROUND: Previous research in England showed that deprivation level of a person's place of residence affects the place of death and quality of care received at the end of life. People dying in their preferred place of death has also been shown to act as an indication for high quality of end of life care services and social equality. This study expands on current research to explore the effects of deprivation and place of residence on health related choices and place of death in Wales...
December 12, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233063/can-neoliberal-capitalism-affect-human-evolution
#12
Robert Chernomas, Ian Hudson, Gregory Chernomas
The connection between genes and health outcomes is significantly moderated by social factors. Health inequalities result from the differential accumulation of exposures and resource access rooted in class-based circumstances. In the neoliberal era in the United States, changed physical and socioeconomic conditions facing the poorer members of society have been characterized as traumatogenic (capable of producing a wound or injury). This paper will argue that research that points to the transgenerational influence of environmental impacts on health suggests 2 important reconsiderations of the link between the economy and health...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232992/cleft-lip-and-palate-in-context-learning-from-and-adding-to-the-sociological-literature-on-long-term-conditions
#13
Raed Abualfaraj, Blanaid Daly, Fraser McDonald, Sasha Scambler
Cleft lip and palate is a common congenital anomaly affecting males and females. While there is psychological research on cleft lip and palate, there is relatively little research exploring the social context of cleft lip and palate and the experiences of living with the condition on a daily basis. Drawing on common themes emerging from sociological work which have explored the experiences of people living with long-term conditions (uncertainty, social relations, self-esteem and self-image and biomedical concerns), we argue that these themes can be used to help elucidate the experiences of people living with cleft lip and palate...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232695/integrative-assessment-of-climate-change-for-fast-growing-urban-areas-measurement-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#14
Sebastian Scheuer, Dagmar Haase, Martin Volk
Over the 20th century, urbanization has substantially shaped the surface of Earth. With population rapidly shifting from rural locations towards the cities, urban areas have dramatically expanded on a global scale and represent crystallization points of social, cultural and economic assets and activities. This trend is estimated to persist for the next decades, and particularly the developing countries are expected to face rapid urban growth. The management of this growth will require good governance strategies and planning...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230312/internet-and-mobile-technologies-addressing-the-mental-health-of-trauma-survivors-in-less-resourced-communities
#15
REVIEW
J I Ruzek, C M Yeager
Internet and mobile technologies offer potentially critical ways of delivering mental health support in low-resource settings. Much evidence indicates an enormous negative impact of mental health problems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and many of these problems are caused, or worsened, by exposure to wars, conflicts, natural and human-caused disasters, and other traumatic events. Though specific mental health treatments have been found to be efficacious and cost-effective for low-resource settings, most individuals living in these areas do not have access to them...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228961/does-the-edge-effect-impact-on-the-measure-of-spatial-accessibility-to-healthcare-providers
#16
Fei Gao, Wahida Kihal, Nolwenn Le Meur, Marc Souris, Séverine Deguen
BACKGROUND: Spatial accessibility indices are increasingly applied when investigating inequalities in health. Although most studies are making mentions of potential errors caused by the edge effect, many acknowledge having neglected to consider this concern by establishing spatial analyses within a finite region, settling for hypothesizing that accessibility to facilities will be under-reported. Our study seeks to assess the effect of edge on the accuracy of defining healthcare provider access by comparing healthcare provider accessibility accounting or not for the edge effect, in a real-world application...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228835/the-self-management-balancing-act-of-spousal-care-partners-in-the-case-of-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Sue Berger, Tiffany Chen, Jenna Eldridge, Cathi A Thomas, Barbara Habermann, Linda Tickle-Degnen
BACKGROUND: Living with and caring for someone with chronic illness can lead to limitations in activity and social participation for the care partner. Past research emphasizes the importance of care partners taking care of themselves physically and emotionally so they can stay healthy to support the care recipient. There is little information regarding how the care partner takes care of their own social lives. The purpose of this study was to explore the concept of social self-management from the perspective of spousal care partners of people with Parkinson's disease...
December 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227889/nursing-and-midwifery-students-stress-and-coping-during-their-undergraduate-education-programmes-an-integrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Bridie McCarthy, Anna Trace, Moira O'Donovan, Caroline Brady-Nevin, Margaret Murphy, Maria O'Shea, Patricia O'Regan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to examine the literature related to the sources of stress, coping mechanisms and interventions to support undergraduate nursing and midwifery students to cope with stress during their undergraduate education. DESIGN: Integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: The databases CINAHL, PubMed and PsycINFO were searched for articles published between 2010 and 2016. Search terms in various combinations were used for example; student nurse, student midwife, undergraduate, stress, coping and interventions...
November 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226823/multisensory-influence-on-eating-behavior-hedonic-consumption
#19
María Hernández Ruiz de Eguilaz, Blanca Martínez de Morentin Aldabe, Eva Almiron-Roig, Salomé Pérez-Diez, Rodrigo San Cristóbal Blanco, Santiago Navas-Carretero, J Alfredo Martínez
Research in obesity has traditionally focused on prevention strategies and treatments aimed at changing lifestyle habits. However, recent research suggests that eating behavior is a habit regulated not only by homeostatic mechanisms, but also by the hedonic pathway that controls appetite and satiety processes. Cognitive, emotional, social, economic, and cultural factors, as well as organoleptic properties of food, are basic aspects to consider in order to understand eating behavior and its impact on health...
December 6, 2017: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224692/the-contribution-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-multimorbidity-implications-for-practice-and-policy
#20
REVIEW
Stephen J Duffield, Benjamin M Ellis, Nicola Goodson, Karen Walker-Bone, Philip G Conaghan, Tom Margham, Tracey Loftis
People frequently live for many years with multiple chronic conditions (multimorbidity) that impair health outcomes and are expensive to manage. Multimorbidity has been shown to reduce quality of life and increase mortality. People with multimorbidity also rely more heavily on health and care services and have poorer work outcomes. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are ubiquitous in multimorbidity because of their high prevalence, shared risk factors, and shared pathogenic processes amongst other long-term conditions...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
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