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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821809/impact-of-varying-social-experiences-during-life-history-on-behaviour-gene-expression-and-vasopressin-receptor-gene-methylation-in-mice
#1
Carina Bodden, Daniel van den Hove, Klaus-Peter Lesch, Norbert Sachser
Both negative and positive social experiences during sensitive life phases profoundly shape brain and behaviour. Current research is therefore increasingly focusing on mechanisms mediating the interaction between varying life experiences and the epigenome. Here, male mice grew up under either adverse or beneficial conditions until adulthood, when they were subdivided into groups exposed to situations that either matched or mismatched previous conditions. It was investigated whether the resulting four life histories were associated with changes in anxiety-like behaviour, gene expression of selected genes involved in anxiety and stress circuits, and arginine vasopressin receptor 1a (Avpr1a) gene methylation...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821508/a-novel-income-security-intervention-to-address-poverty-in-a-primary-care-setting-a-retrospective-chart-review
#2
Marcella K Jones, Gary Bloch, Andrew D Pinto
OBJECTIVE: To examine the development and implementation of a novel income security intervention in primary care. DESIGN: A retrospective, descriptive chart review of all patients referred to the Income Security Heath Promotion service during the first year of the service (December 2013-December 2014). SETTING: A multisite interdisciplinary primary care organisation in inner city Toronto, Canada, serving over 40 000 patients. PARTICIPANTS: The study population included 181 patients (53% female, mean age 48 years) who were referred to the Income Security Health Promotion service and engaged in care...
August 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821421/exploring-canadian-physicians-experiences-with-diabetes-care-for-indigenous-patients
#3
Lynden Lindsay Crowshoe, Rita I Henderson, Michael E Green, Kristen M Jacklin, Leah M Walker, Betty Calam
OBJECTIVES: The perspectives of physicians caring for Indigenous patients with diabetes offer important insights into the provision of health-care services. The purpose of this study was to describe Canadian physicians' perspectives on diabetes care of Indigenous patients, a preliminary step in developing a continuing medical education intervention described elsewhere. METHODS: Through in-depth semistructured interviews, Canadian family physicians and specialists with sizeable proportions of Indigenous clientele shared their experiences of working with Indigenous patients who have type 2 diabetes...
August 15, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819494/functioning-and-disability-in-recent-research-from-cameroon-a-narrative-synthesis
#4
Minal Ray, Lorena Wallace, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lynn Cockburn
INTRODUCTION: People living with disabilities in Cameroon face many barriers to daily functioning and social participation. However, there is limited research on disabilities and their impact. We sought to examine the research related to disability from Cameroon. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review, bibliometric analysis, and narrative synthesis of research related to disability, functioning, and social participation from Cameroon published during 2005-2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819068/rural-emergency-care-360%C3%A2-mobilising-healthcare-professionals-decision-makers-patients-and-citizens-to-improve-rural-emergency-care-in-the-province-of-quebec-canada-a-qualitative-study-protocol
#5
Richard Fleet, Gilles Dupuis, Jean-Paul Fortin, Jocelyn Gravel, Mathieu Ouimet, Julien Poitras, France Légaré
INTRODUCTION: Emergency departments (EDs) are an important safety net for rural populations. Results of our earlier studies suggest that rural Canadian hospitals have limited access to advanced imaging services and intensive care units and that patients are transferred over large distances. They also revealed significant geographical variations in rural services. In the absence of national standards, our studies raise questions about inequities in rural access to emergency services and the risks for citizens...
August 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818821/patient-participation-at-health-care-conferences-engaged-patients-increase-information-flow-expand-propagation-and-deepen-engagement-in-the-conversation-of-tweets-compared-to-physicians-or-researchers
#6
Audun Utengen, Dara Rouholiman, Jamison G Gamble, Francisco Jose Grajales Iii, Nisha Pradhan, Alicia C Staley, Liza Bernstein, Sean D Young, Kevin A Clauson, Larry F Chu
BACKGROUND: Health care conferences present a unique opportunity to network, spark innovation, and disseminate novel information to a large audience, but the dissemination of information typically stays within very specific networks. Social network analysis can be adopted to understand the flow of information between virtual social communities and the role of patients within the network. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to examine the impact engaged patients bring to health care conference social media information flow and how they expand dissemination and distribution of tweets compared to other health care conference stakeholders such as physicians and researchers...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818252/origins-of-cancer-disparities-in-young-adults-logic-models-to-guide-research
#7
Robert A Hiatt, Margaret A Handley, Pamela M Ling, Esteban Burchard, Neeta Thakur, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo
Cancer disparities research is motivated by persistent inequities in cancer outcomes by race, ethnicity, social status, neighborhood location, and other subpopulation characteristics. These inequities have proven to be persistent and difficult to alter. Part of the reason for the frustration with slow progress is a lack of appreciation of the long-term nature of the undertaking. It is highly likely that the disparities observed in adulthood find their origins in young adulthood, if not earlier. A long-term perspective is needed, recognizing that successes may take many years to realize...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818162/impact-of-a-social-media-group-page-on-undergraduate-medical-physiology-learning
#8
Tania Ahmed Shakoori, Usman Mahboob, Janet Strivens, Ian Willis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of associating classroom learning of medical physiology with a Facebook group page in an all-women medical college of a conservative small city in Pakistan. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative interpretivist study using semi-structured interviews. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Women Medical College Abbottabad, Pakistan, from March to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: Aclosed Facebook study group was established at a local medical college in Pakistan...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817642/data-sharing-as-social-dilemma-influence-of-the-researcher-s-personality
#9
Stephanie B Linek, Benedikt Fecher, Sascha Friesike, Marcel Hebing
It is widely acknowledged that data sharing has great potential for scientific progress. However, so far making data available has little impact on a researcher's reputation. Thus, data sharing can be conceptualized as a social dilemma. In the presented study we investigated the influence of the researcher's personality within the social dilemma of data sharing. The theoretical background was the appropriateness framework. We conducted a survey among 1564 researchers about data sharing, which also included standardized questions on selected personality factors, namely the so-called Big Five, Machiavellianism and social desirability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817565/peer-violence-perpetration-and-victimization-prevalence-associated-factors-and-pathways-among-1752-sixth-grade-boys-and-girls-in-schools-in-pakistan
#10
Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Rozina Somani, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Saleema Gulzar, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Child peer violence is a global problem and seriously impacts health and education. There are few research studies available in Pakistan, or South Asia. We describe the prevalence of peer violence, associations, and pathways between socio-economic status, school performance, gender attitudes and violence at home. METHODS: 1752 children were recruited into a cluster randomized controlled trial conducted on 40 fairly homogeneous public schools (20 for girls and 20 for boys), in Hyderabad, Pakistan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817430/beyond-citation-rates-a-real-time-impact-analysis-of-health-professions-education-research-using-altmetrics
#11
Lauren A Maggio, Holly S Meyer, Anthony R Artino
PURPOSE: To complement traditional citation-based metrics, which take years to accrue and indicate only academic attention, academia has begun considering altmetrics or alternative metrics, which provide timely feedback on an article's impact by tracking its dissemination via nontraditional outlets, such as blogs and social media, across audiences. This article describes altmetrics and examines altmetrics attention, outlets used, and top article characteristics for health professions education (HPE) research...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817301/patients-views-of-a-behavioral-intervention-including-financial-incentives
#12
Judy A Shea, Aderinola Adejare, Kevin G Volpp, Andrea B Troxel, Darra Finnerty, Karen Hoffer, Thomas Isaac, Meredith Rosenthal, Thomas D Sequist, David A Asch
OBJECTIVES: Clinical trials are increasingly testing the effectiveness of paying patients' financial incentives for achieving desired clinical outcomes. Some researchers and providers are concerned that patient financial incentives will harm the doctor-patient relationship. How patients feel about these approaches, and these trials, is largely unknown. This study examined patients' perceptions of a compound behavioral and financial incentive intervention used in a large multicenter trial to lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), including their perceptions of benefits and challenges and the study's effect on patients' relationship with their primary care physicians (PCPs)...
June 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814537/public-health-literature-review-of-fragile-x-syndrome
#13
Melissa Raspa, Anne C Wheeler, Catharine Riley
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic literature review is to describe what is known about fragile X syndrome (FXS) and to identify research gaps. The results can be used to help inform future public health research and provide pediatricians with up-to-date information about the implications of the condition for individuals and their families. METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted, guided by a variety of key words. The search focused on 4 areas of both clinical and public health importance: (1) the full mutation phenotype, (2) developmental trajectories across the life span, (3) available interventions and treatments, and (4) impact on the family...
June 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813322/anger-and-aggression-in-ptsd
#14
REVIEW
Casey T Taft, Suzannah K Creech, Christopher M Murphy
Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder have massive negative consequences; associated anger and aggression are particularly damaging. This overview focuses on these relationships and their potential mechanisms, and offers treatment considerations. Research and theory suggests that trauma impacts anger and aggression through social information processing mechanisms, and an aggression model incorporating impelling, instigating, and disinhibiting factors helps us understand who is at risk under specific circumstances...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813257/social-learning-parenting-intervention-research-in-the-era-of-translational-neuroscience
#15
REVIEW
Philip A Fisher, Elizabeth A Skowron
In the decades since social learning parenting interventions emerged, many evidence-based programs have been implemented at scale in community settings, and much research is now focusing on ways to maintain fidelity and impact during the implementation process. Notably, a considerable amount of theoretical confluence has occurred in parenting interventions from social learning, attachment, and other theoretical perspectives, with parent coaching as an example of this new generation of relational interventions...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813243/arts-participation-counterbalancing-forces-to-the-social-stigma-of-a-dementia-diagnosis
#16
Beth Bienvenu, Gay Hanna
A diagnosis of dementia profoundly impacts a person in terms of both the functional progression of the disease and the social stigma associated with the diagnosis. A growing body of research demonstrates the effectiveness of innovative programs such as the Alzheimer's Poetry Project, Meet Me at MoMA, and TimeSlips™ in counterbalancing social stigma by building a social and emotional framework for strength-based living for people diagnosed with dementia through arts participation. These programs focus on supporting autonomy and generativity through creative expression to help sustain the social, emotional, and community fabric of people's lives in the face of significant counterbalancing forces (e...
July 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812330/black-and-minority-ethnic-group-involvement-in-health-and-social-care-research-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Shoba Dawson, Stephen M Campbell, Sally J Giles, Rebecca L Morris, Sudeh Cheraghi-Sohi
BACKGROUND: Patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is growing internationally, but little is known about black and minority ethnic (BME) involvement and the factors influencing their involvement in health and social care research. OBJECTIVES: To characterize and critique the empirical literature on BME-PPI involvement in health and social care research. SEARCH STRATEGY: Systematic searches of six electronic bibliographic databases were undertaken, utilizing both MeSH and free-text terms to identify international empirical literature published between 1990 and 2016...
August 15, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812273/a-precision-medicine-approach-to-oxytocin%C3%A2-trials
#18
Elissar Andari, Rene Hurlemann, Larry J Young
In this chapter, we introduce a new area of social pharmacology that encompasses the study of the role of neuromodulators in modulating a wide range of social behaviors and brain function, with the interplay of genetic and epigenetic factors. There are increasing evidences for the role of the neuropeptide oxytocin in modulating a wide range of social behaviors, in reducing anxiety, and in impacting the social brain network. Oxytocin also promotes social functions in patients with neuropsychiatric disorders, such as autism and reduces anxiety and fear in anxiety disorders...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811512/projected-climate-change-impacts-in-rainfall-erosivity-over-brazil
#19
André Almagro, Paulo Tarso S Oliveira, Mark A Nearing, Stefan Hagemann
The impacts of climate change on soil erosion may bring serious economic, social and environmental problems. However, few studies have investigated these impacts on continental scales. Here we assessed the influence of climate change on rainfall erosivity across Brazil. We used observed rainfall data and downscaled climate model output based on Hadley Center Global Environment Model version 2 (HadGEM2-ES) and Model for Interdisciplinary Research On Climate version 5 (MIROC5), forced by Representative Concentration Pathway 4...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811049/marijuana-and-cannabinoids-in-esrd-and-earlier-stages-of-ckd
#20
Joshua L Rein, Christina M Wyatt
Marijuana is the most commonly used recreational drug in the United States, and legal recreational and medicinal use has gained public acceptance during the last decade. Twenty-nine US states have established medical marijuana programs, 8 of which have also legalized recreational marijuana, and Canada is expected to legalize recreational marijuana in 2018. Advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are chronic conditions with significant associated morbidity and mortality. Patients experience substantial symptom burden that is frequently undertreated due to adverse medication side effects...
August 12, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
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