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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456378/utilization-and-impact-of-electronic-and-print-media-on-the-patients-health-status-physicians-perspectives
#1
Sadia Shakeel, Shagufta Nesar, Najia Rahim, Wajiha Iffat, Hafiza Fouzia Ahmed, Mehwish Rizvi, Shazia Jamshed
Aims: Despite an increased popularity of print and electronic media applications, there is a paucity of data reflecting doctors' opinions regarding efficient utilization of these resources for the betterment of public health. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the perception of physicians toward the effect of electronic and print media on the health status of patients. Setting and Design: The current research is a cross-sectional study conducted from January 2015 to July 2015...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455747/intergenerational-social-mobility-and-religious-ecology-disaggregating-the-conservative-protestant-bloc
#2
Joseph Clark, Samuel Stroope
We extend research on the effects of religious ecologies by examining the role of religious ecologies in intergenerational socioeconomic mobility. We do so first by providing a theoretical framework addressing the diverse cultural influences of religious traditions and their impact on intergenerational mobility. We argue that certain otherworldly orientations among conservative Protestants suppress mechanisms of upward mobility, and that there are meaningful distinctions between sub-groups of conservative Protestants (evangelicals, fundamentalists, and Pentecostals)...
February 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455736/the-impact-of-childhood-neighborhood-disadvantage-on-adult-joblessness-and-income
#3
Steven ElĂ­as Alvarado
Research on residential inequality focuses heavily on adult economic outcomes as crucial components of the intergenerational transmission of poverty. Yet, empirical evidence on whether youth neighborhoods have a lasting impact on adult economic outcomes at the national level is scarce. Further, we know little about how youth neighborhood effects on adult economic outcomes manifest. This study uses 26 years (14 waves) of restricted panel data from the NLSY79 and the NLSY Children and Young Adults cohorts - data that have never been used to analyze long-term neighborhood effects - to examine whether youth neighborhood disadvantage impacts adult economic outcomes through sensitive years in childhood, teen socialization, duration effects, or cumulative effects...
February 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455057/the-impact-of-body-composition-pain-and-resilience-on-physical-activity-physical-function-and-physical-performance-at-2-months-post-hip-fracture
#4
Barbara Resnick, J Richard Hebel, Ann L Gruber-Baldini, Gregory E Hicks, Marc C Hochberg, Denise Orwig, Marty Eastlack, Jay Magaziner
The purpose of this study was to test a model of the factors influencing physical activity, physical function and physical performance at 2 months post hip fracture and compare model fit between men and women. Age, cognitive status, comorbidities, pain, resilience, bone mineral density, total body lean mass, total body fat and grip strength were hypothesized to be directly and/or indirectly related to physical activity, physical function and physical performance. This analysis used data from the seventh Baltimore Hip Studies (BHS-7), a prospective cohort study that included 258 community-dwelling participants, 125 (48%) men and 133 (52%) women, hospitalized for treatment of a hip fracture; survey and objective data were obtained at 2 months post hip fracture...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455009/protecting-an-adult-identity-a-grounded-theory-of-supportive-care-for-young-adults-recently-diagnosed-with-cancer
#5
Louise Soanes, Faith Gibson
BACKGROUND: For adolescents and young adults living in high-income countries cancer remains the most common disease-related death. Increasing survival rates and projected longevity are positive outcomes, although long-term consequences of cancer and/or its treatment will likely increase the global burden of cancer. In low and middle-income countries the impact and needs of young adults with cancer are largely unknown and require further attention. However, universal studies have revealed that cancer-related needs for this group are multifactorial, complex and largely unmet...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454356/multiple-forms-of-discrimination-and-relationships-with-health-and-wellbeing-findings-from-national-cross-sectional-surveys-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#6
Donna Cormack, James Stanley, Ricci Harris
BACKGROUND: The complex ways in which experiences of discrimination are patterned in society, including the exposure of communities to multiple overlapping forms of discrimination within social systems of oppression, is increasingly recognised in the health sciences. However, research examining the impacts on health and contribution to racial/ethnic health inequities remains limited. This study aims to contribute to the field by exploring the prevalence and patterning of experience of multiple forms of discrimination in Aotearoa/New Zealand, and associations with health and wellbeing...
February 17, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452389/parity-associated-with-telomere-length-among-us-reproductive-age-women
#7
A Z Pollack, K Rivers, K A Ahrens
STUDY QUESTION: Is telomere length related to parity among a nationally representative sample of US reproductive age women? SUMMARY ANSWER: History of live birth was associated with shorter telomere length. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Shorter telomeres have been linked with a range of chronic health conditions and mortality and parity has been associated with health indicators. However, there is a lack of research on how parity relates to telomere length...
February 14, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452067/alcohol-and-drug-use-among-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-individuals-a-secondary-analysis-of-nhanes-2013-2014
#8
Melissa L Anderson, Bei-Hung Chang, Nisha Kini
BACKGROUND: Within the field of behavioral health research, one of the most understudied populations is the U.S. Deaf and hard-of-hearing (D/HH) population - a diverse group of individuals with hearing loss that have varied language and communication preferences, community affiliations, and sociocultural norms. Recent research identified concerning behavioral health disparities experienced by the D/HH population; yet, little research has been conducted to extend these findings to the topic of substance use disorder...
February 16, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451091/comparing-the-effects-of-education-using-telephone-follow-up-and-smartphone-based-social-networking-follow-up-on-self-management-behaviors-among-patients-with-hypertension
#9
Tahereh Najafi Ghezeljeh, Sanaz Sharifian, Mehdi Nasr Isfahani, Hamid Haghani
BACKGROUND: The use of social networks in healthcare is a new area of research. Little is known about the benefits of this method in the management of the physical conditions of patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of self-management education using telephone follow-up and mobile phone-based social networking on self-management behaviors among patients with hypertension. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted with 100 patients who were selected using a convenience sampling method...
February 16, 2018: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450885/loser-on-the-combined-impact-of-emotional-and-person-descriptive-word-meanings-in-communicative-situations
#10
Lana Rohr, Rasha Abdel Rahman
Humans have a unique capacity to induce intense emotional states in others by simple acts of verbal communication, and simple messages such as bad can elicit strong emotions in the addressee. However, up to now, research has mainly focused on general emotional meaning aspects and paradigms of low personal relevance (e.g., word reading), thereby possibly underestimating the impact of verbal emotion. In the present study, we recorded ERPs while presenting emotional words differing in word-inherent person descriptiveness (in that they may or may not refer to or describe a person; e...
February 16, 2018: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449757/why-and-how-the-early-life-environment-affects-development-of-coping-behaviours
#11
REVIEW
M Rohaa Langenhof, Jan Komdeur
Understanding the ways in which individuals cope with threats, respond to challenges, make use of opportunities and mediate the harmful effects of their surroundings is important for predicting their ability to function in a rapidly changing world. Perhaps one of the most essential drivers of coping behaviour of adults is the environment experienced during their early-life development. Although the study of coping, defined as behaviours displayed in response to environmental challenges, has a long and rich research history in biology, recent literature has repeatedly pointed out that the processes through which coping behaviours develop in individuals are still largely unknown...
2018: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449443/sex-differences-in-ischemic-heart-disease-advances-obstacles-and-next-steps
#12
Niti R Aggarwal, Hena N Patel, Laxmi S Mehta, Rupa M Sanghani, Gina P Lundberg, Sandra J Lewis, Marla A Mendelson, Malissa J Wood, Annabelle S Volgman, Jennifer H Mieres
Evolving knowledge of sex-specific presentations, improved recognition of conventional and novel risk factors, and expanded understanding of the sex-specific pathophysiology of ischemic heart disease have resulted in improved clinical outcomes in women. Yet, ischemic heart disease continues to be the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in women in the United States. The important publication by the Institute of Medicine titled "Women's Health Research-Progress, Pitfalls, and Promise," highlights the persistent disparities in cardiovascular disease burden among subgroups of women, particularly women who are socially disadvantaged because of race, ethnicity, income level, and educational attainment...
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447625/predicting-help-seeking-behavior-the-impact-of-knowing-someone-close-who-has-sought-help
#13
David J Disabato, Jerome L Short, Diane M Lameira, Karen D Bagley, Stephanie J Wong
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to replicate and extend research on social facilitators of college student's help seeking for psychological problems. PARTICIPANTS: We collected data on 420 ethnically diverse college students at a large public university (September 2008 - May 2010). METHODS: Students completed a cross-sectional online survey. RESULTS: We found that students who were aware of close others' (e.g., family, friends) help seeking were two times more likely to have sought formal (e...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447048/social-media-cyber-aggression-and-student-mental-health-on-a-university-campus
#14
Faye Mishna, Cheryl Regehr, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Joanne Daciuk, Gwendolyn Fearing, Melissa Van Wert
AIM: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) offer immense benefits for university students including enhancing engagement and connections with others and promoting self-directed and interactive learning. Perceived anonymity and the absence of social cues, however, may contribute to risk of interpersonal aggression. While extensive research examines bullying in child and adolescent educational settings, this study addresses a gap regarding post-secondary environments. METHODS: An internet-based survey was provided to 5004 university students to examine the nature, extent and consequences of cyber-aggression...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445978/positive-developmental-changes-after-transition-to-high-school-is-retrospective-growth-correlated-with-measured-changes-in-current-status-of-personal-growth
#15
Shuhei Iimura, Kanako Taku
The transition to high school is generally considered as a stressful turning point in adolescent development, but some students experience personal growth (i.e., positive developmental changes) through that experience. It is important to examine the mechanism behind such positive changes to understand various developmental patterns of adolescents during the transition. However, the concept of growth in this research area remains unexplored. Some researchers have questioned whether retrospective, self-reported growth reflects actual positive changes in the perception of personal growth...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444268/advancing-tobacco-product-warning-labels-research-methods-and-theory-a-summary-of-a-grantee-meeting-held-by-the-us-national-cancer-institute
#16
James F Thrasher, Noel T Brewer, Jeff Niederdeppe, Ellen Peters, Andrew A Strasser, Rachel Grana, Annette R Kaufman
Background: The World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control recommends prominent pictorial health warnings on tobacco products. To advance research methods, theory and understanding of how tobacco product warning labels (TPWLs) work, the US National Cancer Institute convened a grantee meeting. Our article describes the key insights that emerged from the meeting, situated within the context of the scientific literature. Results & Recommendations: First, presentations confirmed that large, pictorial TPWLs motivate people to try to quit and encourage smoking cessation...
February 10, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444230/social-movement-involvement-and-healthy-diet-and-activity-behaviors-among-us-adults
#17
Elizabeth A Emley, Dara R Musher-Eizenman
Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors, namely poor diet and inadequate physical activity, significantly contribute to poor health and obesity risk, which in turn impact chronic illness outcomes. A possible approach to improving these health behaviors and subsequent outcomes is to capitalize on the theorized link between social movement involvement and overlapping health behaviors. Social movement involvement may be a viable stealth intervention for health, utilizing intrinsic motivators to improve health without an explicit focus on changing health behavior...
February 12, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444126/applying-the-multi-threat-framework-of-stereotype-threat-in-the-context-of-digital-gaming
#18
Charlotte R Pennington, Linda K Kaye, Joseph J McCann
Females often report experiencing stigmatisation pertaining to their competency in digital gaming communities. Employing the principles of the multi-threat framework of stereotype threat, the current research examined the impact of gender-related stereotypes on females' gaming performance and related self-perceptions. In Experiment 1, 90 females were assigned to one of three conditions in which they were primed that their performance would be either diagnostic of their personal (self-as-target) or gender group's ability (group-as-target) or would be non-diagnostic of gaming ability (control)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441804/using-social-media-to-explore-the-consequences-of-domestic-violence-on-mental-health
#19
Mingming Liu, Jia Xue, Nan Zhao, Xuefei Wang, Dongdong Jiao, Tingshao Zhu
A great deal of research has focused on the negative consequences of domestic violence (DV) on mental health. However, current studies cannot provide direct and reliable evidence on the impacts of DV on mental health in a short term as it is not feasible to measure mental health shortly before and after an unpredictable event like DV. This study aims to explore the short-term outcomes of DV on individuals' mental health. We collected a sample of 232 victims (77% female) and 232 nonvictims (gender and location matched with 232 victims) on Sina Weibo...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441656/patterns-of-wounding-in-hamadryas-baboons-papio-hamadryas-in-north-american-zoos
#20
Jodi N Wiley, Austin Leeds, Kamisha D Carpenter, Corinne J Kendall
In North American zoos, hamadryas baboons (Papio hamadryas) have traditionally been housed as single one-male units (single male groups). In recent years, efforts have been made to house hamadryas in groups composed of multiple one-male units (multi-male groups) to more closely mirror their natural social structure, in addition to all-male or bachelor groups to manage surplus males. Given that the majority of social conflict in hamadryas occurs between males during the acquisition and defense of females, it was thought that managing hamadryas in these multi-male groups would result in increased rates of wounding...
February 14, 2018: Zoo Biology
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