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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544504/the-impact-of-telephone-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-and-befriending-on-mood-disorders-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Colleen Doyle, Sunil Bhar, Marcia Fearn, David Ames, Debra Osborne, Emily You, Alex Gorelik, David Dunt
OBJECTIVES: The main objectives of this pragmatic randomized controlled trial were to investigate the impact of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and an active social control (befriending) on depression and anxiety symptoms in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Eligible participants were randomly allocated to receive eight weekly telephone interventions of CBT (n = 54) or befriending (n = 56). Repeated-measures ANOVA was used to assess changes in scores and Cohen's d was used to assess effect sizes...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542226/german-validation-of-quality-of-life-after-brain-injury-qolibri-assessment-and-associated-factors
#2
Nicole von Steinbüchel, Ruben G L Real, Nadine Sasse, Lindsay Wilson, Christiane Otto, Ryan Mullins, Robert Behr, Wolfgang Deinsberger, Ramon Martinez-Olivera, Wolfgang Puschendorf, Werner Petereit, Veit Rohde, Holger Schmidt, Stephan Sehmisch, Klaus Michael Stürmer, Klaus von Wild, Henning Gibbons
The consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI) for health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are still poorly understood, and no TBI-specific instrument has hitherto been available. This paper describes in detail the psychometrics and validity of the German version of an internationally developed, self-rated HRQoL tool after TBI-the QOLIBRI (Quality of Life after Brain Injury). Factors associated with HRQoL, such as the impact of cognitive status and awareness, are specifically reported. One-hundred seventy-two participants after TBI were recruited from the records of acute clinics, most of whom having a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 24-hour worst score and a Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOSE) score...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542181/the-varieties-of-contemplative-experience-a-mixed-methods-study-of-meditation-related-challenges-in-western-buddhists
#3
Jared R Lindahl, Nathan E Fisher, David J Cooper, Rochelle K Rosen, Willoughby B Britton
Buddhist-derived meditation practices are currently being employed as a popular form of health promotion. While meditation programs draw inspiration from Buddhist textual sources for the benefits of meditation, these sources also acknowledge a wide range of other effects beyond health-related outcomes. The Varieties of Contemplative Experience study investigates meditation-related experiences that are typically underreported, particularly experiences that are described as challenging, difficult, distressing, functionally impairing, and/or requiring additional support...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541564/young-people-s-experiences-of-epilepsy-a-scoping-review-of-qualitative-studies
#4
Judith Chew, John Carpenter, Anne M Haase
Research on childhood epilepsy has predominantly used quantitative methodologies to examine the impact of epilepsy on young people and their families. These studies generally give a negative picture of the condition, which is at odds with a strengths-based social work perspective, and provide little understanding of young people's experiences of living with epilepsy. A systematic review of qualitative studies that explored young people's perspectives was conducted. Inclusion criteria were as follows: young people ages 13 to 18 years diagnosed with epilepsy, qualitative data collection methods, studies published in English-language peer-reviewed journals, and gray literature...
May 25, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541241/stigma-and-self-esteem-a-case-of-hiv-positive-sex-workers
#5
G Kalemi, S Gkioka, P Tsapatsari, G Tzeferakos, T Kandri, M L Psarra, F Konstantopoulou, A Douzenis
Stigma associated with sex work and HIV can be easily recognized in public reactions towards the members of discriminated groups. Nevertheless, there are only a few studies examining the impact of discrimination to the self-esteem of individuals who suffer the coexistence of multiple stigmatizing conditions. In our case, the unprecedented stigmatization of sex workers through the media as a menace of public health as well as criminals due to their seropositivity should be examined with respect and scientificity...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541062/antisocial-and-human-capital-pathways-to-socioeconomic-exclusion-a-42-year-prospective-study
#6
Jukka Savolainen, W Alex Mason, Anna-Liisa Lyyra, Lea Pulkkinen, Katja Kokko
Nordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment...
May 25, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540647/the-integration-of-social-influence-and-reward-computational-approaches-and-neural-evidence
#7
Damon Tomlin, Andrea Nedic, Deborah A Prentice, Philip Holmes, Jonathan D Cohen
Decades of research have established that decision-making is dramatically impacted by both the rewards an individual receives and the behavior of others. How do these distinct influences exert their influence on an individual's actions, and can the resulting behavior be effectively captured in a computational model? To address this question, we employed a novel spatial foraging game in which groups of three participants sought to find the most rewarding location in an unfamiliar two-dimensional space. As the game transitioned from one block to the next, the availability of information regarding other group members was varied systematically, revealing the relative impacts of feedback from the environment and information from other group members on individual decision-making...
May 24, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540367/lived-lives-a-pavee-perspective-an-arts-science-community-intervention-around-suicide-in-an-indigenous-ethnic-minority
#8
Kevin M Malone, Seamus G McGuinness, Eimear Cleary, Janis Jefferies, Christabel Owens, Cecily C Kelleher
Background: Suicide is a significant public health concern, which impacts on health outcomes. Few suicide research studies have been interdisciplinary. We combined a psychobiographical autopsy with a visual arts autopsy, in which families donated stories, images and objects associated with the lived life of a loved one lost to suicide. From this interdisciplinary research platform, a mediated exhibition was created (Lived Lives) with artist, scientist and families, co-curated by communities, facilitating dialogue, response and public action around suicide prevention...
April 13, 2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539897/long-term-effects-of-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-after-pediatric-cancer-a-qualitative-analysis-of-life-experiences-and-adaptation-strategies
#9
Magali Lahaye, Isabelle Aujoulat, Christiane Vermylen, Bénédicte Brichard
Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) improves the survival rate of children and adolescents with malignant and non-malignant conditions; however, the physical, psychological and social burden of such a procedure is considerable both during and after treatment. The present qualitative study investigated the long-term effects of HSCT after pediatric cancer. Thirty adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors (Mage = 23.61 years, SD = 5.21) participated in individual interviews and were invited to speak about their life experiences following their treatment and strategies they use to deal with their past medical experiences and the long-term sequelae...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539178/gender-marital-status-and-longevity
#10
REVIEW
Gemma Tatangelo, Marita McCabe, Stephen Campbell, Cassandra Szoeke
Most studies report a positive relationship between marital status and health, with findings consistent across cultures and countries. Gender effects are significant, with men demonstrating greater health benefit than women. The vast majority of the research has examined heterosexual marriages, yet there has been rapid evolution in society of cohabitation patterns, who can marry, and roles in marriage. In this review, we summarise research findings and discuss important future challenges. Broader work looking at the impact of social connectedness, loneliness and support on survival should be supported...
June 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537210/demographic-characteristics-of-australian-health-consumers-who-were-early-registrants-for-opt-in-personally-controlled-electronic-health-records
#11
Emma Torrens, Sue M Walker
BACKGROUND: Differential uptake of, or access to, personal electronic health records (PEHRs) has the potential to impact on health disparities among certain social groups. In 2012, the Australian Government introduced the Personally Controlled Electronic Health Record (PCEHR), an opt-in system operated by the then National E-Health Transition Authority (NEHTA). In July 2016, the My Health Record (MyHR), an opt-out model, operated by the Australian Digital Health Agency replaced the PCEHR, providing additional support for consumers...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536601/geneticizing-ethnicity-and-diet-anti-doping-science-and-its-social-impact-in-the-age-of-post-genomics
#12
Jaehwan Hyun
While gene doping and other technological means of sport enhancement have become a topic of ethical debate, a major outcome from genomic research in sports is often linked to the regulation of doping. In particular, researchers within the field of anti-doping science, a regulatory science that aims to develop scientific solutions for regulating doped athletes, have conducted genomic research on anabolic-androgenic steroids. Genomic knowledge on anabolic-androgenic steroids, a knowledge base that has been produced to improve doping regulation, has caused the 'geneticization' of cultural objects such as ethnic identities and dietary habits...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535822/social-determinants-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-north-american-indigenous-population-a-review
#13
Kaitlin J Zeiler, Frederick A Zeiler
OBJECTIVE: Given the difficult to navigate literature on social determinants in Indigenous traumatic brain injury (TBI) we wished to identify all available literature on the social determinants of health linked to TBI in the North American Indigenous populations. METHODS: We performed a systematically conducted review. We searched MEDLINE, BIOSIS, EMBASE, Global Health, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Library from inception to January 2016. A two-step review process of the search results was performed, applying defined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535718/health-impact-assessment-on-urban-development-projects-in-france-finding-pathways-to-fit-practice-to-context
#14
Anne Roué-Le Gall, Françoise Jabot
In France, there is increasing interest in health impact assessments (HIAs) and most are performed on urban projects. The field of expertise is still under development and mostly established within the public health sector. To date, in France, all HIAs conducted in urban planning are stand-alone HIAs disconnected from the required environmental impact assessment (EIA). The paper opens with an introduction of the close and complex relationship between health and urban planning, HIA and a description of key elements needed for understanding the French context...
May 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535449/the-center-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-scale-ces-d-measurement-equivalence-across-gender-groups-in-hispanic-college-students
#15
Consuelo Arbona, Andrea Burridge, Norma Olvera
BACKGROUND: This study examined among Hispanic college students the factor structure and gender measurement invariance of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. The CES-D's original 20 item four-factor model was compared to a recently proposed 14 item, three-factor model. METHODS: Participants included 858 Hispanic undergraduates at an ethnically diverse, major research, urban, public university in the Southwest United States (U.S.). Multigroup confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) and structural equation modeling were used to examine the factor structure, gender invariance, and construct validity of the CES-D scores...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534170/-trends-in-participation-in-nonformal-education-in-the-second-half-of-life-increasing-educational-participation-in-retirement
#16
Maja Wiest, Madlain Hoffmann, Sarah Widany, Katrin Kaufmann
BACKGROUND: Research on nonformal education often focuses on participation within employment. Participation of workers decreases with age; however, recent studies show an increase in participation in nonformal education of older workers. It remains, however, unclear if this trend spills over to retirement. OBJECTIVE: In the context of social change processes, trends in nonformal educational participation are analyzed. The study addresses employment and retirement as opportunity structures and investigates their impact on educational participation in the second half of life...
May 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532488/mitigating-the-heroin-crisis-in-baltimore-md-usa-a-cost-benefit-analysis-of-a-hypothetical-supervised-injection-facility
#17
Amos Irwin, Ehsan Jozaghi, Brian W Weir, Sean T Allen, Andrew Lindsay, Susan G Sherman
BACKGROUND: In Baltimore, MD, as in many cities throughout the USA, overdose rates are on the rise due to both the increase of prescription opioid abuse and that of fentanyl and other synthetic opioids in the drug market. Supervised injection facilities (SIFs) are a widely implemented public health intervention throughout the world, with 97 existing in 11 countries worldwide. Research has documented the public health, social, and economic benefits of SIFs, yet none exist in the USA. The purpose of this study is to model the health and financial costs and benefits of a hypothetical SIF in Baltimore...
May 12, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532170/an-in-depth-understanding-of-the-impact-of-the-environment-on-participation-among-people-with-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Feng-Hang Chang, Cheng-Han Liu, Hsin-Ping Hung
PURPOSE: To identify environmental factors associated with participation and gain an in-depth understanding of relationships between environmental factors and participation among people with spinal cord injury. METHOD: Six focus groups (n= 30) with individuals with spinal cord injury were conducted. Two independent coders thematically analyzed the transcribed data. RESULTS: Twenty environmental factors were identified, all of which were classified into eight categories: built environment; natural environment; assistive technology; transportation; information and technology access; economics; social support and social attitudes; and systems, services and policies...
May 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531308/challenges-of-research-recruitment-in-a-university-setting-in-england
#19
Claudia Vadeboncoeur, Charlie Foster, Nick Townsend
The recruitment is an integral part of most research projects in medical sciences involving human participants. In health promotion research, there is increasing work on the impact of environments. Settings represent environments such as schools where social, physical and psychological development unfolds. In this study, we investigated weight gain in students within a university setting. Barriers to access and recruitment of university students within a specific setting, in the context of health research are discussed...
May 20, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531109/physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-cancer-survivors-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#20
REVIEW
Shaunna Burke, Amanda Wurz, Andrew Bradshaw, Stephanie Saunders, Malcolm A West, Jennifer Brunet
Qualitative research on the impact of physical activity on quality of life (QoL) in adults diagnosed with cancer is accumulating. However, the field of physical activity and cancer survivorship lack a synthesis of this research to reliably understand the implications for future research and practice. The aim of this meta-synthesis was to identify, appraise, and synthesize qualitative research on cancer survivors' perspectives of the impact of physical activity on their QoL. Seven electronic databases were searched for original studies published in English, and reference lists of relevant studies were hand-searched to identify additional studies...
May 20, 2017: Cancers
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