Read by QxMD icon Read

inflammation and myocardial infarction

Arnold Groehler, Stefan Kren, Qinglu Li, Maggie Robledo-Villafane, Joshua Schmidt, Mary Garry, Natalia Tretyakova
Myocardial infarction (MI) is a life-threatening condition that can occur when blood flow to the heart is interrupted due to a blockage in one or more of the coronary vessels. Current treatments of MI rapidly restore blood flow to the affected myocardium using thrombolytic agents or angioplasty. Adverse effects including inflammation, tissue necrosis, and ventricular dysfunction are, however, not uncommon following reperfusion therapy. These conditions are thought to be caused by a sudden influx of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to the affected myocardium...
March 11, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Peter Moritz Becher, Svenja Hinrichs, Nina Fluschnik, Jan K Hennigs, Karin Klingel, Stefan Blankenberg, Dirk Westermann, Diana Lindner
Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the western world. Although optimal medical care and treatment is widely available, the prognosis of patients with HF is still poor. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are important compartments of the innate immunity. Current studies have identified TLRs as critical mediators in cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we investigated the involvement of TLRs and interferon (IFN) regulatory factors (IRFs) in different experimental HF models including viral myocarditis, myocardial ischemia, diabetes mellitus, and cardiac hypertrophy...
2018: PloS One
Hua-Sheng Ding, Yan Huang, Zhen Chen, Yan-Hong Tang, Dan-Dan Wang, Di Fan, Cong-Xin Huang
Regulator of G-protein signalling 5 (RGS5) is, highly expressed in different cell types of the adult human heart, and it is a negative regulator of G protein-mediated signalling that inactivats Gα(q) and Gα(i) and thereby inhibits many signalling pathways. However, the critical role of RGS5 in the pathology of myocardial infarction (MI) remains unexplored. Here, an in vitro MI model, induced by the permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery, was used with the isolated hearts of wild type (WT) and RGS5-knockout (KO) mice...
March 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Xiaoni Ai, Wenbo Lu, Kewu Zeng, Chun Li, Yong Jiang, Peng-Fei Tu
Emerging awareness of cardiac macrophages' role in inflammation after myocardial infarction indicates that overabundant pro-inflammatory macrophages induce accentuated myocardial injury. The investigation of macrophages-cardiomyocytes interaction and inflammation-induced dynamic damage in myocardial infarction, especially in a spatiotemporally controlled manner, remains a huge challenge. Here, we developed an in vitro model using a microfluidic co-culture system to mimic inflammatory cardiac injury. To our knowledge, on-chip pathological models focused on inflammation-induced myocardial injury have not been reported...
March 13, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Chengtai Ma, Yanxia Jiang, Xiaohui Zhang, Xiaoxue Chen, Zhenfang Liu, Xintao Tian
The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective mechanisms and identify the effects of isoquercetin on myocardial infarction in a rat model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Isoquercetin ameliorated myocardial infarct size, creatine kinase (CK), CK‑MB and lactic dehydrogenase activity and inhibited inflammation, oxidative stress and heart cell apoptosis in a rat with AMI. Isoquercetin increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase, reduced inducible nitric oxide synthase levels and suppressed the Toll-like receptor 4‑nuclear factor (TLR4‑NF)‑κB signaling pathway in a rat with AMI...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Vasundhara Kain, Kevin A Ingle, Janusz Kabarowski, Stephen Barnes, Nita A Limdi, Sumanth D Prabhu, Ganesh V Halade
12/15 lipoxygenase (LOX) directs inflammation and lipid remodeling. However, the role of 12/15LOX in post-myocardial infarction (MI) left ventricular remodeling is unclear. To determine the role of 12/15LOX, 8-12 week-old C57BL/6 J wild-type (WT; n = 93) and 12/15LOX-/- (n = 97) mice were subjected to permanent coronary artery ligation and monitored at day (d)1 and d5 post-operatively. Post-MI d28 survival was measured in male and female mice. No-MI surgery mice were maintained as d0 naïve controls...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Emilie Coppin, Jonathan Florentin, Sathish Babu Vasamsetti, Anagha Arunkumar, John Sembrat, Mauricio Rojas, Dutta Partha
Splenic hematopoiesis is crucial to the pathogenesis of diseases including myocardial infarction and atherosclerosis. The spleen acts as a reservoir of myeloid cells, which are quickly expelled out in response to acute inflammation. In contrast to the well-defined bone marrow hematopoiesis, the cellular and molecular components sustaining splenic hematopoiesis are poorly understood. Surprisingly, we found that, unlike quiescent bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells (HSC), most of splenic HSC are in the G1 phase in C57BL/6 mice...
March 11, 2018: Immunology and Cell Biology
Kavisa Ghosh, Indra N
Cadmium (Cd), a potent carcinogen present in almost all foods, poses a major health risk to humans. Major routes of exposure to Cd for humans are occupation, diet, and tobacco use. Cd elicits various deleterious effects on cellular molecules mainly by causing oxidant-antioxidant imbalance. Cd has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many cancers, Itai-itai disease, diabetic nephropathy, hypertension, peripheral artery disease, and myocardial infarction. This study was designed to investigate the effects of Cd intake on erythrocytes and cardiac tissue in male albino Wistar rats...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Kartik Gupta, Noel Phan, Qiwei Wang, Bo Liu
Contrary to the apoptosis-necrosis binary view of cell death, recent experimental evidence demonstrates that several forms of necrosis, represented by necroptosis, are regulated or programmed in nature. Multiple death stimuli known to be associated with cardiovascular disease are capable of causing either apoptosis or necroptosis. Whether a cell dies from apoptosis or necroptosis has distinct consequences on inflammation. It is known that apoptosis, a non-lytic form of death mediated by the caspase family of proteases, does not generally evoke an immune response...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Rui Zhang, Dan Han, Zhenyu Li, Chengwu Shen, Yahui Zhang, Jun Li, Genquan Yan, Shasha Li, Bo Hu, Jiangbing Li, Ping Liu
Increasing evidence shows that inflammation plays a vital role in the occurrence and development of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Suppression of excessive inflammation can ameliorate impaired cardiac function, which shows therapeutic potential for clinical treatment of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) diseases. In this study, we investigated whether Ginkgolide C (GC), a potent anti-inflammatory flavone, extenuated MI/R injury through inhibition of inflammation. In vivo , rats with the occlusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery were applied to mimic MI/R injury...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Jun Yang, Chaojun Yang, Jian Yang, Jiawang Ding, Xinxin Li, Qinqin Yu, Xin Guo, Zhixing Fan, Huibo Wang
The Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signal pathway- induced inflammation is considered to be a crucial link to myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI). Our previous study proved that radioprotective 105 kDa protein (RP105), a negative regulator of TLR4, performed a protective role in MIRI by anti-apoptosis approach. However, the mechanism of RP105 cardioprotection of anti-inflammation is still unclear. This study aimed to explore the underlying mechanism of RP105 anti-inflammation effect in MIRI. We established a rat model of MIRI induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min followed by 2 h reperfusion...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
James T Thackeray
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Local inflammation after myocardial infarction (MI) plays a role in subsequent ventricular remodeling, influences cardiac outcome, and has emerged as a therapeutic target. Preclinical and clinical PET imaging studies have employed a variety of radiotracers to target inflammatory leukocytes in the early stages after MI. RECENT FINDINGS: Imaging of enhanced metabolism in activated macrophages with18 F-FDG is feasible and has been associated with cardiac outcome in a small prospective study...
March 6, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
Haibo Huang, Qianqian Geng, Hong Yao, Zhenhuang Shen, Zhenhong Wu, Xiaoqing Miao, Peiying Shi
Objectives: Scutellarin ( Scu ) is the main effective constituent of Erigeron breviscapus which has anti-oxidant, anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory and other therapeutic properties. The purpose of this study was to investigate the protective effect of Scu on myocardial infarction (MI) induced by isoprenaline (ISO). Materials and Methods: The rats were subcutaneously injected with ISO (45 mg/kg) on the first day, then single tail-intravenously injected with different doses of Scu (10 mg/kg, 20 mg/kg, 40 mg/kg) for 7 consecutive days...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Ganesh V Halade, Paul C Norris, Vasundhara Kain, Charles N Serhan, Kevin A Ingle
Inflammation promotes healing in myocardial infarction but, if unresolved, leads to heart failure. To define the inflammatory and resolving responses, we quantified leukocyte trafficking and specialized proresolving mediators (SPMs) in the infarcted left ventricle and spleen after myocardial infarction, with the goal of distinguishing inflammation from its resolution. Our data suggest that the spleen not only served as a leukocyte reservoir but also was the site where SPMs were actively generated after coronary ligation in mice...
March 6, 2018: Science Signaling
Anbang Han, Yingdong Lu, Qi Zheng, Jian Zhang, YiZhou Zhao, Mingjing Zhao, Xiangning Cui
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Qiliqiangxin (QL), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been demonstrated to be effective and safe for the treatment of chronic heart failure. Left ventricular (LV) remodeling causes depressed cardiac performance and is an independent determinant of morbidity and mortality after myocardial infarction (MI). Our previous studies have shown that QL exhibits cardiac protective effects against heart failure after MI. The objective of this study was to explore the effects of QL on myocardial fibrosis in rats with MI and to investigate the underlying mechanism of these effects...
February 28, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Jens W Fischer
Hyaluronan (HA), HA synthases (HAS) and HA receptors are expressed during the progression of atherosclerotic plaques. HA is thought to promote the activated phenotype of local vascular smooth muscle cells characterized by increased migration, proliferation and matrix synthesis. Furthermore, HA may modulate the immune response by increasing macrophage retention and by promoting the polarization of Th1 cells that enhance macrophage driven inflammation as well. The pro-atherosclerotic functions of HA are opposed by the presence of HA in the glycocalyx where it critically contributes to anti-thrombotic and anti-inflammatory function of the glycocalyx...
March 3, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Taner Ulus, Kamal Isgandarov, Ahmet Serdar Yilmaz, Samet Uysal, Ibrahim Vasi, Muhammet Dural, Fezan Mutlu
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is associated with worse prognosis in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Early identification and intervention for patients with a high risk of CIN are very important to improve clinical outcomes. Inflammation plays important role in the development of CIN in the setting of ACS. The monocyte to high-density lipoprotein ratio (MHR) is a novel inflammatory marker. Bleeding is also associated with worse prognosis in such patients. We aimed to investigate whether the preprocedural MHR had a predictive role for CIN development in such patients...
January 1, 2018: Angiology
Dian Peng, Bin Cao, Ying-Jun Zhou, Ya-Qiu Long
The CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is a highly reserved G-protein coupled 7-transmembrane (TM) chemokine receptor which consists of 352 amino acids. CXCR4 has only one endogenous chemokine ligand of CXCL12, besides several other natural nonchemokine ligands such as extracellular ubiquitin and noncognate ligand of MIF. CXCR4 strongly binds to CXCL12 and the resulting CXCLl2/CXCR4 axis is the molecular basis of their various biological functions, which include: (1) mediating immune and inflammatory response; (2) regulation of hematopoietic stem cell migration and homing; (3) an essential co-receptor for HIV entry into host cells; (4) participation in the process of embryonic development; (5) malignant tumor invasion and metastasis; (6) myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke and acute kidney injury...
February 17, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Fjola D Sigurdardottir, Magnus N Lyngbakken, Oddgeir L Holmen, Håvard Dalen, Kristian Hveem, Helge Røsjø, Torbjørn Omland
C-reactive protein and cardiac troponin I measured with high-sensitivity assays (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hs-CRP] and high-sensitivity troponin I [hs-TnI]) have been associated with risk of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events in the general population. The relative prognostic merits of hs-CRP and hs-TnI, and whether these markers of inflammation and subclinical myocardial injury provide incremental information to established cardiovascular risk prediction models, remain unclear. hs-CRP and hs-TnI were measured in 9,005 participants from the prospective observational Nord-Trøndelag Health (HUNT) study...
February 2, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
Junzeng Fu, Liping Chang, Amy C Harms, Zhenhua Jia, Hongtao Wang, Cong Wei, Li Qiao, Shuyan Tian, Thomas Hankemeier, Yiling Wu, Mei Wang
The Chinese medicine Qiliqiangxin (QL) has been shown to have a protective role in heart failure. Here, we explore the underlying working mechanism of the key therapeutic component in QL using a rat model of heart failure. Heart failure after myocardial infarction was induced surgically and confirmed using echocardiography; a separate group of rats underwent sham surgery. The rats with heart failure were randomly assigned to receive QL, the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor benazepril, or placebo groups...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"