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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732185/chronotype-sleep-characteristics-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-hospital-nurses
#1
Yuan Zhang, Jeanne F Duffy, Elizabeth Ronan de Castillero, Kefang Wang
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) persist as the leading occupational injury, accounting for nearly half of nurses' total occupational injuries. Musculoskeletal pain is a known cause of sleep disruption, and individuals with WMSDs that interfere with sleep often report more pain. Evening chronotype has been associated with poor sleep among nurses. However, the associations among chronotype, sleep, and WMSDs are still unclear, and were explored in the present study. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 397 nurses, with 47...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729815/symposium-report-an-evidence-based-approach-to-ibs-and-cic-applying-new-advances-to-daily-practice-a-review-of-an-adjunct-clinical-symposium-of-the-american-college-of-gastroenterology-meeting-october-16-2016-%C3%A2-las-vegas-nevada
#2
William D Chey
Many nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic therapies are available to manage irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC). The American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) regularly publishes reviews on IBS and CIC therapies. The most recent of these reviews was published by the ACG Task Force on the Management of Functional Bowel Disorders in 2014. The key objective of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of therapies for IBS or CIC compared with placebo or no treatment in randomized controlled trials...
February 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724309/effects-of-long-term-device-guided-slow-breathing-on-sympathetic-nervous-activity-in-hypertensive-patients-a-randomized-open-label-clinical-trial
#3
Silvana de Barros, Giovanio Vieira da Silva, Josiane Lima de Gusmão, Tatiana Goveia de Araújo, Dinoélia Rosa de Souza, Crivaldo Gomes Cardoso, Bruna Oneda, Décio Mion
PURPOSE: Device-guided slow breathing (DGB) is indicated as nonpharmacological treatment for hypertension. The sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) reduction may be one of the mechanisms involved in blood pressure (BP) decrease. The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term use of DGB in BP and SNA. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Hypertensive patients were randomized to listen music (Control Group-CG) or DGB (aim to reduce respiratory rate to less than 10 breaths/minute during 15 minutes/day for 8 weeks)...
July 20, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722615/assessing-the-short-term-global-health-experience-a-cross-sectional-study-of-demographics-socioeconomic-factors-and-disease-prevalence
#4
Olivia Geen, Allison Pumputis, Cristina Kochi, Andrew Costa, Karl Stobbe
Interest in short-term global health experiences to underserviced populations has grown rapidly in the last few decades. However, there remains very little research on what participants can expect to encounter. At the same time, it has been suggested that in order for physicians and workers to provide safe and effective care, volunteers should have a basic understanding of local culture, health systems, epidemiology, and socioeconomic needs of the community before arriving. Our objective was to add to the limited literature on what short-term global health trips can expect to encounter through a cross-sectional study of patient demographics, socioeconomic markers, and the prevalence of diseases encountered on a short-term medical service trip to Lima, Peru...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715993/metabolic-effects-of-intermittent-fasting
#5
Ruth E Patterson, Dorothy D Sears
The objective of this review is to provide an overview of intermittent fasting regimens, summarize the evidence on the health benefits of intermittent fasting, and discuss physiological mechanisms by which intermittent fasting might lead to improved health outcomes. A MEDLINE search was performed using PubMed and the terms "intermittent fasting," "fasting," "time-restricted feeding," and "food timing." Modified fasting regimens appear to promote weight loss and may improve metabolic health. Several lines of evidence also support the hypothesis that eating patterns that reduce or eliminate nighttime eating and prolong nightly fasting intervals may result in sustained improvements in human health...
July 17, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713248/deep-brain-magnetic-stimulation-promotes-neurogenesis-and-restores-cholinergic-activity-in-a-transgenic-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
Junli Zhen, Yanjing Qian, Jian Fu, Ruijun Su, Haiting An, Wei Wang, Yan Zheng, Xiaomin Wang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by progressive decline of memory and cognitive functions. Deep magnetic stimulation (DMS), a noninvasive and nonpharmacological brain stimulation, has been reported to alleviate stress-related cognitive impairment in neuropsychiatric disorders. Our previous study also discovered the preventive effect of DMS on cognitive decline in an AD mouse model. However, the underlying mechanism must be explored further. In this study, we investigated the effect of DMS on spatial learning and memory functions, neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus (DG), as well as expression and activity of the cholinergic system in a transgenic mouse model of AD (5XFAD)...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708674/chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-a-review-of-recent-findings
#7
Peggy Y Kim, Carrie E Johnson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a common, frequently chronic condition characterized by pain and decreased function. Given the growing number of cancer survivors and an increasing recognition of opioid therapy limitations, there is a need for critical analysis of the literature in directing an informed and thoughtful approach for the management of painful CIPN. RECENT FINDINGS: A PubMed search for 'chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy AND pain' identifies 259 publications between 1 January 2016 and 31 March 2017...
July 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705303/nonpharmacologic-airway-clearance-techniques-is-there-trustworthy-evidence-for-their-clinical-usefulness
#8
EDITORIAL
Kazuhiro Yamaguchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689843/nonpharmacologic-therapy-for-severe-persistent-asthma
#9
Chase Hall, Linda Nici, Shweta Sood, Richard ZuWallack, Mario Castro
The treatment of asthma largely depends on guideline-based pharmacologic therapies. However, nonpharmacologic therapies for asthma such as pulmonary rehabilitation, focused breathing techniques, and bronchial thermoplasty have an important, yet underappreciated, role. Structured pulmonary rehabilitation programs can reduce dyspnea and increase cardiopulmonary fitness. The educational component of these programs can ensure that therapies are being used appropriately, increase compliance, and decrease health care utilization...
July 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686988/prevalence-correlates-comorbidity-and-treatment-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-use-in-the-united-states
#10
S Patricia Chou, Tulshi D Saha, Haitao Zhang, W June Ruan, Boji Huang, Bridget F Grant, Carlos Blanco, Wilson Compton
INTRODUCTION: This study presents nationally representative data on the prevalence, correlates, psychiatric comorbidity and treatment (including pharmacological and nonpharmacological) among electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) users. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. RESULTS: Prevalences of 12-month and lifetime ENDS use were 3.8% (SE=0.14) and 5.4% (SE=0.17)...
June 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682991/the-effect-of-cold-dialysis-in-motor-and-sensory-symptoms-of-rls-wed-occurring-during-hemodialysis-a-double-blind-study
#11
Giorgos K Sakkas, Evaggelia Tsaknaki, Clara S Rosa, Christoforos D Giannaki, Argyro A Krase, Eleftherios Lavdas, Georgios M Hadjigeorgiou, Ioannis Stefanidis, Christina Karatzaferi
Restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/WED) is a common sensorimotory disorder affecting almost 30% of hemodialysis (HD) patients. RLS/WED induces discomfort during rest hours, and its symptoms have also been observed during HD sessions. Anecdotal reports suggest that cooling the dialysate solution during dialysis could help patients overcome those symptoms and improve restlessness. The aim of this double-blind study was to assess whether a reduction of the dialysate temperature by 1°C could reduce motor and sensory symptoms of RLS/WED occurring during HD...
July 4, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682462/need-to-recalibrate-research-outcomes-in-alzheimer-s-disease-focus-on-neuropsychiatric-symptoms
#12
Marco Canevelli, Matteo Cesari, Flaminia Lucchini, Martina Valletta, Michele Sabino, Eleonora Lacorte, Nicola Vanacore, Giuseppe Bruno
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs) are adequately considered in clinical research on Alzheimer's disease (AD). DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) recruiting individuals with AD and published during the last 10 years in 16 major general medicine, neurology, psychiatry, and geriatric psychiatry journals and RCTs registered on clinicaltrials.gov and currently enrolling individuals with AD...
July 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679694/understanding-physical-activity-in-cancer-patients-and-survivors-new-methodology-new-challenges-and-new-opportunities
#13
REVIEW
Jennifer A Schrack, Gillian Gresham, Amal A Wanigatunga
Since the early 1990s, accumulating evidence has suggested that regular, sustained participation in physical activity may help prevent the onset and development of certain types of cancer. Given the worldwide incidence and prevalence of cancer, there is increasing interest in physical activity as a nonpharmacological intervention and prevention method. Moreover, the effectiveness of new and improved cancer therapies has also increased interest in the potential health benefits of physical activity during and after treatment...
July 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676066/avoidable-waste-related-to-inadequate-methods-and-incomplete-reporting-of-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-trials-performed-in-sub-saharan-africa
#14
REVIEW
Lee Aymar Ndounga Diakou, Francine Ntoumi, Philippe Ravaud, Isabelle Boutron
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are needed to improve health care in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, inadequate methods and incomplete reporting of interventions can prevent the transposition of research in practice which leads waste of research. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the avoidable waste in research related to inadequate methods and incomplete reporting of interventions in RCTs performed in SSA. METHODS: We performed a methodological systematic review of RCTs performed in SSA and published between 1 January 2014 and 31 March 2015...
July 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671413/alzheimer-disease-pharmacologic-and-nonpharmacologic-therapies-for-cognitive-and-functional-symptoms
#15
Ted Epperly, Megan A Dunay, Jack L Boice
Alzheimer disease comprises a syndrome of progressive cognitive and functional decline. Treatments should target cognitive and functional symptoms. Cholinesterase inhibitors, memantine, and a combination of a cholinesterase inhibitor and memantine have produced statistically significant but clinically small delays in various domains of cognitive and functional decline in select patients with Alzheimer disease. Vitamin E has been shown to delay functional decline in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease, especially when taken in combination with a cholinesterase inhibitor...
June 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662233/control-of-pain-after-tonsillectomy-in-children-a-review
#16
Grace X Tan, David E Tunkel
Importance: The relief of pain after tonsillectomy in children remains challenging and even controversial. While the need for pain control after this surgery is understood, recent debate has centered around the risks of opioids in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and the possible increases in posttonsillectomy hemorrhage with the use of alternative nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Observations: We discuss the multiple facets of posttonsillectomy pain control in children...
June 29, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656047/multicenter-phase-2-study-about-the-safety-of-no-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-use-in-low-risk-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-carcinoma-ksweet-01-study
#17
Oh Jeong, Mi Ran Jung, Seong Yeob Ryu, Young-Kyu Park, Min Chan Kim, Ki Han Kim, Seung Wan Ryu, In Gyu Kwon, Young Gil Son
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown a lower risk of surgical site infections (SSI) after laparoscopic distal gastrectomy compared to open surgery. This is a phase 2 study aiming to determine the incidence of SSI after laparoscopic distal gastrectomy without using antimicrobial prophylaxis (AMP). METHODS: cT1N0 gastric cancers that were subject to laparoscopic distal gastrectomy were enrolled. Based on the unacceptable SSI incidence of ≥12.5% and the target SSI incidence of ≤5%, 105 patients were enrolled with an α of 0...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654710/nonpharmacologic-strategies-and-topical-agents-for-treating-atopic-dermatitis-an-update
#18
Linda F Stein Gold, Lawrence F Eichenfield
The signs and symptoms of atopic dermatitis can be safely and effectively controlled in most patients; in many cases, the disease can be improved to the point that signs and symptoms are absent or minimal. In addition, flares can be effectively controlled and, in some cases, prevented. New topical medications, improved strategies for the use of topical corticosteroids and topical calcineurin inhibitors, and judicious use of nonpharmacologic regimens-including bathing, bleach baths, and early use of emollients-have led to better disease management and improved quality of life for patients and their families...
March 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647113/feline-congestive-heart-failure-current-diagnosis-and-management
#19
REVIEW
Etienne Côté
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a well-known disorder in feline practice, having been recognized as the most common clinical syndrome in cats with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, for example. This article identifies the reasons that an accurate diagnosis of CHF is important and the means by which to obtain one; pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic methods for controlling signs of CHF; and recommendations for follow-up evaluations, monitoring, and troubleshooting.
June 21, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646803/effects-of-balneotherapy-on-serum-levels-of-shingosine-1-phosphate-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis
#20
Esra Aycan Ustyol, Fatih Karaarslan, Seldag Bekpinar, Kagan Ozkuk, Nergis Erdogan
Context • Balneotherapy is one of the most commonly used nonpharmacological interventions for osteoarthritis (OA), but its mechanism of action in relieving pain and stiffness and in improving physical function is not well understood. Studies have found that therapy provokes a series of neuroendocrinal reactions with anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive lipid, has been implicated as an important mediator in the maintenance of physiological processes (eg, vascular barrier integrity) and in pathophysiologic processes such as inflammatory conditions...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
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