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Barbara J Wilson, Laura J Zitella, Colleen H Erb, Jackie Foster, Mary Peterson, Sylvia K Wood
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related infections lead to increases in mortality, antibiotic use, and hospital stays. Other adverse outcomes include dose delays and reductions, which can result in suboptimal treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Effective implementation of risk assessment and evidence-based interventions for the prevention and treatment of infection are essential to improve care and reduce costs related to infections in patients with cancer receiving immunosuppressive therapy...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Ayse Ozkaraman, Özlem Dügüm, Hülya Özen Yılmaz, Öznur Usta Yesilbalkan
BACKGROUND: A cancer diagnosis is a serious stressor that is associated with anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, and inability to fulfill daily routines. Many pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic options are available to help patients with cancer manage anxiety. OBJECTIVES: This randomized, controlled trial examined the effects of lavender oil aromatherapy on anxiety and sleep quality in patients undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: 70 patients were randomly assigned to a lavender oil group, a tea tree oil group, and a control group with no oil...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Brandi R Newsome, Karen McDonnell, Jennifer Hucks, Robin Dawson Estrada
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the most common smoking-related illness. COPD often is underemphasized as a comorbidity except when considering issues surrounding surgical treatment options. OBJECTIVES: This article aims to provide nurses with an overview of the pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment implications of COPD. METHODS: Definitions, differentials, and treatment considerations are provided, and clinical implications and resources are described...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Sindy Villacres, Corrie E Chumpitazi
Pain is a chief complaint in children seeking medical care, yet it may also be experienced in evaluation and treatment during office visits. Inadequate relief of children's procedural pain and distress not only affects the experience of the children and their parents, but also adversely affects procedural outcomes. Despite increasing awareness and research, management of procedural pain and anxiety in children is often inadequate. In addition, parent and patient satisfaction is often tied to pain management...
March 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Samantha L Irwin, William Qubty, I Elaine Allen, Irene Patniyot, Peter J Goadsby, Amy A Gelfand
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility, tolerability, and patient acceptability of single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (sTMS) for migraine prevention in adolescents in an open-label pilot study. BACKGROUND: Migraine is common in adolescents and can be disabling. Well tolerated preventative therapies that are safe and effective are needed. METHODS: This was an open-label prospective pilot feasibility study of sTMS for migraine prevention in adolescents aged 12-17 years...
March 12, 2018: Headache
Sergey Motov, Reuben Strayer, Bryan Hayes, Mark Reiter, Steven Rosenbaum, Melanie Richman, Zachary Repanshek, Scott Taylor, Benjamin Friedman, Gary Vilke, Daniel Lasoff
BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the most common reasons patients present to the emergency department (ED). Emergency physicians should be aware of the numerous opioid and nonopioid alternatives available for the treatment of pain. OBJECTIVES: To provide expert consensus guidelines for the safe and effective treatment of acute pain in the ED. METHODS: Multiple independent literature searches using PubMed were performed regarding treatment of acute pain...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ashley M Kroon Van Diest, Michelle M Ernst, Lisa Vaughn, Shalonda Slater, Scott W Powers
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine which cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-HA) treatment components pediatric headache patient stakeholders would report to be most helpful and essential to reducing headache frequency and related disability to develop a streamlined, less burdensome treatment package that would be more accessible to patients and families. BACKGROUND: Pediatric migraine is a prevalent and disabling condition. CBT-HA has been shown to reduce headache frequency and related disability, but may not be readily available or accepted by many migraine sufferers due to treatment burden entailed...
March 8, 2018: Headache
Michele C Walsh, Moira Crowley, Scott Wexelblatt, Susan Ford, Pierce Kuhnell, Heather C Kaplan, Richard McClead, Maurizio Macaluso, Carole Lannon
OBJECTIVES: Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) after an infant's in-utero exposure to opioids has increased dramatically in incidence. No treatment standards exist, leading to substantial variations in practice, degree of opioid exposure, and hospital length of stay. METHODS: The Ohio Perinatal Quality Collaborative conducted an extensive multi-modal quality improvement initiative with the goal to (1) standardize identification, nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic treatment in level-2 and 3 NICUs in Ohio, (2) reduce the use of and length of treatment with opioids, and (3) reduce hospital length of stay in pharmacologically treated newborns with NAS...
March 7, 2018: Pediatrics
Melanie A Holden, Kim L Bennell, Rebecca Whittle, Linda Chesterton, Nadine E Foster, Nicola A Halliday, Libby N Spiers, Elizabeth M Mason, Jonathan G Quicke, Christian D Mallen
Background: Hip osteoarthritis (OA) is common, painful and disabling. Physical therapists have an important role in managing patients with hip OA, however little is known about their current management approach and whether it aligns with clinical guideline recommendations. Objective: The objective of this study is to describe UK physical therapists' current management of patients with hip OA and to determine whether it aligns with clinical guidelines. Design: The design is a cross-section questionnaire...
March 4, 2018: Physical Therapy
Kristen L Nowak, Michel Chonchol
Chronic, low-grade inflammation is a common comorbid condition in chronic kidney disease (CKD), and particularly in chronic dialysis patients. In this review, we consider the question of whether inflammation affects outcomes in dialysis patients. Levels of proinflammatory cytokines, as well as C-reactive protein, are elevated in chronic dialysis patients. Multiple factors likely contribute to chronic inflammatory activation in kidney disease patients including the uremic milieu, lifestyle and epigenetic influences, infectious and thrombotic events, the dialysis process, and dysbiosis...
March 7, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
Jose-Alberto Palma, Horacio Kaufmann
Dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system afflicts most patients with Parkinson disease and other synucleinopathies such as dementia with Lewy bodies, multiple system atrophy, and pure autonomic failure, reducing quality of life and increasing mortality. For example, gastrointestinal dysfunction can lead to impaired drug pharmacodynamics causing a worsening in motor symptoms, and neurogenic orthostatic hypotension can cause syncope, falls, and fractures. When recognized, autonomic problems can be treated, sometimes successfully...
March 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Daniele Furtado-Albanezi, Soraia Pilon Jürgensen, Mariana Arias Avila, Grasiela Nascimento Correia, Patricia Driusso
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to check the effects of two nonpharmacological treatments on the sleep quality of women with nocturia. METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial in which 40 women with nocturia were randomized into two groups; one was subjected to tibial nerve stimulation (GTNS) and the other received pelvic floor muscle training associated with behavioral therapy (GPFMT). Both groups were followed for 12 weeks, with one session/week; evaluated by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), King's Heath Questionnaire (KHQ), and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
March 6, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
John Zeisel, Michael J Skrajner, Evan B Zeisel, Miranda Noelle Wilson, Chris Gage
Scripted-IMPROV (SI) is a nonpharmacological (ecopsychosocial) intervention that consists of semi-improvised drama performances specifically designed for persons with dementia (PWD). In this 12-site study, 178 PWD took part in the SI intervention. Levels of engagement/affect were assessed at baseline and again during SI performances; quality of life (via the Dementia Quality of Life scale) and depression (via the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form [GDS-SF]) were assessed at baseline and post-treatment. Positive forms of engagement/affect increased, while negative forms of engagement decreased...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
Lisa M Blackburn, Stephanie Abel, Lori Green, Kristen Johnson, Shannon Panda
Pain is one of the most feared of all symptoms for the cancer patient. Some studies estimate that up to 90% of all cancer patients experience pain. Advances in pharmaceuticals and expert provider knowledge have improved pain management overall for the patient with cancer; however, complementary therapies can synergize medications to provide optimal pain relief while decreasing the side effect profile. Despite this, nurses may have limited access to such resources. Many therapies can be administered directly by the bedside/chairside nurse with minimal training and the nurse can then teach the patient and family how to use the selected complementary therapy after leaving the hospital or clinic...
February 28, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Leah A Cardwell, Timothy Nyckowski, Laura N Uwakwe, Steven R Feldman
Rosacea has significant quality of life impact. The authors review the literature and Internet sources pertaining to rosacea to identify coping mechanisms and resources available to rosacea patients. MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases were searched to identify pertinent articles. The term "rosacea" was searched in combination with "patient resources," "coping," "dealing with," "blog," "forum," "support," "nonpharmacologic," and "psychological...
April 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
Judith A Paice
Cancer pain remains a feared consequence of the disease and its treatment. Although prevalent, cancer pain can usually be managed through the skillful application of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic interventions. Unfortunately, access to these therapies has been hampered by interventions designed to contain another serious public health problem: the opioid misuse epidemic. This epidemic and the unintended consequences of efforts to control this outbreak are leading to significant barriers to the provision of cancer pain relief...
March 2, 2018: Cancer
Srini Chary
Methadone for pain management in this article describes briefly pain, methadone as a Level 3 World Health Organization ladder opioid in the context of India and rest of the world, as well as the relationship to past, present, and future possibilities of pain management. Acute pain is proportional to the injury most of the times, and such proportionality may not exist in chronic pain. Pain management over decades has changed because of knowledge and availability of molecules and compounds to reduce chronic pain...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
Annelies Wassenaar, Paul Rood, Danielle Boelen, Lisette Schoonhoven, Peter Pickkers, Mark van den Boogaard
BACKGROUND: Delirium occurs frequently in the intensive care unit and is associated with detrimental consequences. Cognitive training is a promising, nonpharmacologic, preventive intervention, but it is unknown whether cognitive training is feasible for patients in intensive care units. OBJECTIVES: To examine the feasibility for both nurses and patients of using cognitive training exercises for intensive care unit patients. METHODS: A pilot study of a set of cognitive training exercises in a large, academic intensive care unit...
March 2018: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
Philip J J Herrod, Brett Doleman, James E M Blackwell, Francesca O'Boyle, John P Williams, Jonathan N Lund, Bethan E Phillips
The incidence of hypertension increases with advancing age and represents a significant burden of disease. Lifestyle modification represents the first-line intervention in treatment algorithms; however, the majority of evidence for this comes from studies involving young participants using interventions that may not always be feasible in the elderly. This manuscript presents a systematic review of all randomized controlled trials involving participants with a mean age of 65 or over investigating nonpharmacological strategies to reduce blood pressure (BP)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Nesa Mousavi Malek, Masoumeh Zakerimoghadam, Maryam Esmaeili, Anoushiravan Kazemnejad
The aim of this study to examine the effects of supportive-educational nurse-led intervention on the patients' anxiety and sleep before the coronary artery bypass grafting.The current clinical trial recruited 160 patients (N = 160) waiting for the coronary artery bypass grafting by random block sampling and divided them into two 80-people experimental and control groups. Spielberger's State Anxiety Inventory was completed on the first day. The Groningen's Sleep Quality Index was also completed by the patients on the day of surgery...
April 2018: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
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