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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721092/hemicrania-continua-clinical-review-diagnosis-and-management
#1
REVIEW
Sanjay Prakash, Payal Patel
Hemicrania continua (HC) is an indomethacin-responsive primary headache disorder which is currently classified under the heading of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs). It is a highly misdiagnosed and underreported primary headache. The pooled mean delay of diagnosis of HC is 8.0 ± 7.2 years. It is not rare. We noted more than 1000 cases in the literature. It represents 1.7% of total headache patients attending headache or neurology clinic. Just like other TACs, it is characterized by strictly unilateral pain in the trigeminal distribution, cranial autonomic features in the same area and agitation during exacerbations/attacks...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719956/a-case-of-ectopic-peritoneal-paragonimiasis-mimicking-diverticulitis-or-abdominal-abscess
#2
Min Jae Kim, Sung-Han Kim, Sang-Oh Lee, Sang-Ho Choi, Yang Soo Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Yong Sik Yoon, Kyung Won Kim, Jaeeun Cho, Jong-Yil Chai, Yong Pil Chong
Paragonimiasis is a parasitic disease caused by Paragnonimus species. The primary site of infection is the lung, and extrapulmonary involvement is also reported. When infected with Paragonimus westermani, which is the dominant species in Korea, the central nervous system is frequently involved along with the liver, intestine, peritoneal cavity, retroperitoneum, and abdominal wall. Ectopic paragonimiasis raises diagnostic challenge since it is uncommon and may be confused with malignancy or other inflammatory diseases...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717612/intratendinous-tears-of-the-achilles-tendon-a-new-pathology-analysis-of-a-large-4-year-cohort
#3
Otto Chan, Sarah Morton, Mel Pritchard, Tina Parkes, Peter Malliaras, Tom Crisp, Nat Padhiar, Nicola Maffulli, John King, Dylan Morrissey
BACKGROUND: Achillodynia is common and includes Achilles tendinopathy, partial Achilles tears and Achilles tendon ruptures. However, we believe an additional pathology should be considered for Achillodynia differentials - the intratendinous tear (ITT). METHODS: Examinations of 740 achillodynic patients in one specialist centre were reviewed. ITTs were defined as a clearly visualised echopoor area situated centrally and extending to, but not through the tendon periphery, with pain on palpation and no clinical findings consistent with Achilles rupture...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705700/incidental-primary-intradural-carcinoid-tumor-in-a-patient-with-lumbar-radiculopathy
#4
Stavros Koustais, Philip O'Halloran, Alfrazdaq Hassan, Francesca Brett, Steven Young
BACKGROUND: Carcinoid tumors are neuroendocrine neoplasms derived from enterochromaffin cells. Central nervous system involvement is rare. The reported cases include metastases to brain or spinal cord, as well as primary skeletal or extradural disease resulting in compressive myelo-radiculopathy. There are two previously reported cases of primary intradural extramedullary carcinoid tumor, presenting with compressive symptoms. We report the first case of primary incidental intradural extramedullary carcinoid tumor...
July 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700371/total-pancreatectomy-for-recurrent-acute-and-chronic-pancreatitis-a-critical-review-of-patient-selection-criteria
#5
Mahya Faghih, Francisco Garcia Gonzalez, Martin A Makary, Vikesh K Singh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Critical review of the indications for total pancreatectomy and highlight limitations in current diagnostic criteria for chronic pancreatitis. RECENT FINDINGS: The diagnosis of noncalcific chronic pancreatitis remains controversial because of an overreliance on nonspecific imaging and laboratories findings. Endoscopic ultrasound, s-magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, and/or endoscopic pancreatic function testing are often used to diagnose noncalcific chronic pancreatitis despite the fact that there is no gold standard for this condition...
July 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695805/clinical-analysis-of-77-patients-with-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis-in-peking-union-medical-college-hospital
#6
Mingqiang Zhang, Jinming Gao
Objective To summarize the clinical features of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis(ABPA)to facilitate its early diagnosis and treatment. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 77 patients who had been admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1996 to July 2015 with ABPA. Results The average age of these 77 patients(38 men and 39 women)was(41.8±18.3)years. The co-morbidities included bronchial asthma(n=74,96%)and pulmonary cystic fibrosis(n=3,4%). The main symptoms and signs of ABPA were chronic cough(100%),sputum production(97%),wheeze(86%),sputum plugs(25%),blood-stained sputum(18%),hemoptysis(9%),chest pain(9%),fever(47%),weight loss(30%),and night sweat(12%)...
June 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695356/what-are-the-differentiating-clinical-and-mri-features-of-enchondromas-from-low-grade-chondrosarcomas
#7
Hassan Douis, M Parry, S Vaiyapuri, A M Davies
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of clinical assessment, conventional and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI in differentiating enchondromas from chondrosarcomas of long bone. METHODS: The following clinical and MRI findings were assessed: age, gender, pain, pain attributable to lesion, tumour location, tumour length, presence, depth of endosteal scalloping, bone marrow oedema, soft tissue oedema, cortical destruction, periosteal reaction, bone expansion, macroscopic fat, calcification, soft tissue mass, haemorrhage, dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI...
July 10, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692006/brain-signature-and-functional-impact-of-centralized-pain-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-study-of-chronic-pelvic-pain-mapp-network-study
#8
Jason J Kutch, Eric Ichesco, Johnson P Hampson, Jennifer S Labus, Melissa A Farmer, Katherine T Martucci, Timothy J Ness, Georg Deutsch, A Vania Apkarian, Sean C Mackey, David J Klumpp, Anthony J Schaeffer, Larissa V Rodriguez, Karl J Kreder, Dedra Buchwald, Gerald L Andriole, H Henry Lai, Chris Mullins, John W Kusek, J Richard Landis, Emeran A Mayer, J Quentin Clemens, Daniel J Clauw, Richard E Harris
Chronic pain is often measured with a severity score that overlooks its spatial distribution across the body. This widespread pain is thought to be a marker of centralization, a central nervous system process that decouples pain perception from nociceptive input. Here, we investigated whether centralization is manifested at the level of the brain using data from 1079 participants in the Multidisciplinary Approach to the Study of Chronic Pelvic Pain Research Network (MAPP) study. Participants with a clinical diagnosis of urological chronic pelvic pain syndrome (UCPPS) were compared to pain-free controls and fibromyalgia patients, the prototypical centralized pain disorder...
June 30, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688272/does-pain-in-the-masseter-and-anterior-temporal-muscles-influence-maximal-bite-force
#9
Marcelo Coelho Goiato, Paulo Renato Junqueira Zuim, Amália Moreno, Daniela Micheline Dos Santos, Emily Vivianne Freitas da Silva, Fernanda Pereira de Caxias, Karina Helga Leal Turcio
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in pain and muscle force, and the relationship between them, in patients with muscle pain and bruxism, prior to and after treatment. METHODS: Thirty women with bruxism and myofascial pain (Ia) were included in this study. Sleep bruxism diagnosis was made based on clinical diagnostic criteria, and awake bruxism diagnosis was made by patient questionnaires and the presence of tooth wear. The diagnosis of myofascial pain was established according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC-TMD)...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683447/swiss-practice-recommendations-for-the-management-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa-acne-inversa
#10
Robert E Hunger, Emanuel Laffitte, Severin Läuchli, Carlo Mainetti, Michael Mühlstädt, Peter Schiller, Anne-Karine Lapointe, Pascale Meschberger, Alexander A Navarini
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a painful, inflammatory, debilitating skin disease with a chronic intermittent course. The central pathogenetic event seems to be the occlusion of the hair follicle. HS has a 1-year prevalence of about 1%. It typically presents after puberty with painful, deep-seated, inflamed lesions in the apocrine gland-bearing areas of the body: most commonly the axillae, inguinal, and anogenital regions. HS has a high negative impact on patients' quality of life even in patients with only limited disease burden, and the diagnosis of HS is often made with a long diagnostic delay...
July 7, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662723/hla-b27-antigen-in-middle-eastern-and-arab-countries-systematic-review-of-the-strength-of-association-with-axial-spondyloarthritis-and-methodological-gaps
#11
Nelly Raymond Ziade
BACKGROUND: Axial spondyloarthritis (AxSpA) is a relatively frequent and debilitating disease, with a prevalence ranging from 0.1 to 2% in the Caucasian population. Current Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) classification criteria of AxSpA rely either on sacroiliitis on imaging plus one SpA feature or positive HLAB27 antigen plus two SpA features, in a patient with chronic low back pain and age at onset of less than 45 years. Therefore, HLA-B27 is a central feature in SpA classification and plays a pivotal role in referral strategies and early diagnosis...
June 29, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652224/focal-epilepsy-with-paroxysmal-pain-due-to-somatic-injury
#12
Tao Yu, Chang Liu, Guojun Zhang, Liang Qiao, Duanyu Ni, Yuping Wang, Yongjie Li
We present two cases with paroxysmal pain that developed after a somatic injury to the trunk. The main characteristic of the episodes was paroxysmal severe pain, mainly located in the original region of somatic injury, with ipsilateral tonic or dystonic behaviour. The clinical characteristics supported a diagnosis of focal epilepsy. Both scalp EEG and MEG findings suggested epileptic activities on the contralateral central cortex. The focal seizures had a good response to antiepileptic drugs. It is hypothesized that peripheral somatic injuries can modify cortical excitability and lead to plastic changes in the sensory/motor cortex, ultimately resulting in focal seizures...
June 1, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652096/mr-imaging-of-endometriosis-spectrum-of-disease
#13
C Bourgioti, O Preza, E Panourgias, K Chatoupis, A Antoniou, M E Nikolaidou, L A Moulopoulos
Endometriosis is a common gynecological disorder defined by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. It is the most common cause of chronic pelvic pain and typically affects the ovaries, uterine ligaments, peritoneum, tubes, rectovaginal septum and bladder. It may, however, be found at various extrapelvic sites, including the perineum, liver, pancreas, lung or even the central nervous system, and in such cases, diagnosis may be quite challenging. Even though definitive diagnosis requires laparoscopy, preoperative identification of endometriosis is important not only to differentiate it from other diseases with similar clinical presentations but also, for accurate presurgical mapping, since complete removal of all endometriotic foci is critical for the effective treatment of the patient's symptoms...
June 23, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650702/a-case-report-of-methadone-associated-hypoglycemia-in-an-11-month-old-male
#14
Michael S Toce, Margaret A Stefater, David T Breault, Michele M Burns
BACKGROUND: Methadone is a synthetic μ-opioid receptor agonist that is used in the management of pain, neonatal abstinence withdrawal syndrome, and opioid dependence. Overdose can cause miosis, respiratory depression, and central nervous system depression. Rarely, hypoglycemia has been reported. We present the case of an 11-month-old male who developed hypoketotic, hyperinsulinemic, hypoglycemia after an acute, unintentional methadone exposure. CASE DETAILS: The patient was a previously healthy 11-month-old male who presented in respiratory failure...
June 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638830/abdominal-hernias-giant-colon-diverticulum-gist-intestinal-pneumatosis-colon-ischemia-cold-intussusception-gallstone-ileus-and-foreign-bodies-our-experience-and-literature-review-of-incidental-gastrointestinal-mdct-findings
#15
REVIEW
G Di Grezia, G Gatta, R Rella, D Donatello, G Falco, R Grassi, R Grassi
Incidental gastrointestinal findings are commonly detected on MDCT exams performed for various medical indications. This review describes the radiological MDCT spectrum of appearances already present in the past literature and in today's experience of several gastrointestinal acute conditions such as abdominal hernia, giant colon diverticulum, GIST, intestinal pneumatosis, colon ischemia, cold intussusception, gallstone ileus, and foreign bodies which can require medical and surgical intervention or clinical follow-up...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638620/chest-pain-and-recurrent-chylothorax-an-unusual-presentation-of-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#16
David R Darley, Emily Granger, Allan R Glanville
Malignant mesothelioma presenting with recurrent chylous effusion is rare. We describe the case of a 34-year-old female Macedonian immigrant who presented with central chest pain and subsequently a left-sided chylous pleural effusion. The diagnosis was made on pleural biopsy via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Our case demonstrates the utility of thoracic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the difficulties associated with pleural cytology and cervical lymph node biopsy in the establishment of a diagnosis of mesothelioma...
September 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633904/clinical-characteristics-of-type-a-acute-aortic-dissection-with-symptom-of-the-central-nervous-system
#17
Yuji Shono, Tomohiko Akahoshi, Satomi Mezuki, Kenta Momii, Noriyuki Kaku, Jun Maki, Kentaro Tokuda, Tetsuro Ago, Takanari Kitazono, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Accurate diagnosis of acute aortic dissection (AAD) is sometimes difficult because of accompanying central nervous system (CNS) symptoms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of Type A AAD (TAAAD) with CNS symptoms. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 8403 patients ambulanced to our emergency and critical care center between April 2009 and May 2014. RESULTS: We identified 59 TAAAD patients for the analysis (mean age, 67...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630754/nerve-injuries-of-the-upper-extremity-and-hand
#18
Lars B Dahlin, Mikael Wiberg
A nerve injury has a profound impact on the patient's daily life due to the impaired sensory and motor function, impaired dexterity, sensitivity to cold as well as eventual pain problems.To perform an appropriate treatment of nerve injuries, a correct diagnosis must be made, where the injury is properly classified, leading to an optimal surgical approach and technique, where timing of surgery is also important for the outcome.Knowledge about the nerve regeneration process, where delicate processes occur in neurons, non-neuronal cells (i...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626419/shallow-anterior-chamber-in-a-severe-case-of-unilateral-acute-central-serous-retinal-detachment
#19
Ahmet Colakoglu, Banu Cosar
BACKGROUND: Atypical serous chorioretinopathy can present with symptoms similar to those of other pachychoroid diseases; however, a proper differential diagnosis will prevent unnecessary intensive treatments. To this end, we report on the shallowness of anterior chamber and transitory anterior vitreous cells in a patient with atypical severe serous retinal detachment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old woman presented with unilateral visual loss accompanied by mild, vague eye pain for 4 days...
May 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619687/use-of-the-central-sensitization-inventory-csi-as-a-treatment-outcome-measure-for-chronic-spinal-pain-disorder-patients-in-a-functional-restoration-program
#20
Randy Neblett, Meredith M Hartzell, Mark Williams, Kelley R Bevers, Tom G Mayer, Robert J Gatchel
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is a valid and reliable patient-reported instrument designed to identify patients whose presenting symptoms may be related to Central Sensitization (CS). Part A of the CSI measures a full array of 25 somatic and emotional symptoms associated with CS, and Part B asks if patients have previously been diagnosed with one or more specific Central Sensitivity Syndromes (CSSs) and related disorders. The CSI has previously been validated in a group of chronic pain patients who were screened by a trained psychiatrist for specific CSS diagnoses...
June 12, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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