keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Autism environment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227584/npas4-deficiency-and-prenatal-stress-interact-to-affect-social-recognition-in-mice
#1
Kelsey Heslin, Laurence Coutellier
Neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia have an expansive array of reported genetic and environmental contributing factors. However, none of these factors alone can account for a substantial proportion of cases of either disorder. Instead, many gene-by-environment interactions are responsible for neurodevelopmental disturbances that lead to these disorders. The current experiment used heterozygous knock-out mice to examine a potential interaction between two factors commonly linked to neurodevelopmental disorders and cognitive deficit: imbalanced excitatory/inhibitory signaling in the cortex and prenatal stress (PNS) exposure...
December 11, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227523/childhood-ingestions-of-environmental-toxins-what-are-the-risks
#2
Marissa Hauptman, Alan D Woolf
Infants and children are at higher risk than adolescents and adults for exposure to environmental toxins via ingestion for a number of reasons: their smaller size (and proportionately larger dose of ingested toxins), their closer proximity to the ground, dirt, and indoor dust, their boundless curiosity and oral exploratory behaviors, pica habits that may persist into school-age for children with autism or other developmental delays, their proportionately larger daily water and milk intake, and food preferences that differ markedly from adolescents and adults...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226604/an-international-qualitative-study-of-functioning-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-using-the-world-health-organization-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-framework
#3
Soheil Mahdi, Marisa Viljoen, Tamara Yee, Melissa Selb, Nidhi Singhal, Omar Almodayfer, Mats Granlund, Petrus J de Vries, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Sven Bölte
This is the third in a series of four empirical studies designed to develop International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Sets for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The present study aimed to describe functioning in ASD (as operationalized by the ICF) derived from the perspectives of diagnosed individuals, family members, and professionals. A qualitative study using focus groups and semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 stakeholder groups (N = 90) from Canada, India, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, and Sweden...
December 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222612/how-do-parents-manage-irritability-challenging-behaviour-non-compliance-and-anxiety-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-meta-synthesis
#4
Elizabeth O'Nions, Francesca Happé, Kris Evers, Hannah Boonen, Ilse Noens
Although there is increasing research interest in the parenting of children with ASD, at present, little is known about everyday strategies used to manage problem behaviour. We conducted a meta-synthesis to explore what strategies parents use to manage irritability, non-compliance, challenging behaviour and anxiety in their children with ASD. Approaches included: (1) accommodating the child; (2) modifying the environment; (3) providing structure, routine and occupation; (4) supervision and monitoring; (5) managing non-compliance with everyday tasks; (6) responding to problem behaviour; (7) managing distress; (8) maintaining safety and (9) analysing and planning...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214129/using-multiple-exemplar-training-to-teach-empathy-skills-to-children-with-autism
#5
Maithri Sivaraman
The purpose of the study was to use multiple exemplar training to teach empathetic responding to two children with autism. Three emotions-happiness, frustration and sadness/pain-were chosen for this purpose. Treatment consisted of verbal prompting and reinforcement of empathetic responses. Four experimenter-defined categories with discriminative stimuli were used for each emotion. The multiple exemplar component of the model consisted of teaching responses in the presence of several discriminative stimuli drawn from the predefined categories for each emotion delivered by two persons across two environments...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214128/a-clinic-based-assessment-for-evaluating-job-related-social-skills-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-autism
#6
Dorothea C Lerman, Bridgette White, Carolyn Grob, Courtney Laudont
Many individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulties obtaining and maintaining employment, yet little research has evaluated methods for assessing and improving critical vocational skills. In this study, we evaluated an assessment of job-related social skills for individuals with ASD by arranging conditions that simulated on-the-job experiences in a clinic setting. The experimenter contrived situations to assess a variety of social skills, including asking for help, asking for more materials, and responding to corrective feedback...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196072/social-involvement-issues-in-patients-with-becker-muscular-dystrophy-a-questionnaire-survey-of-subjects-from-a-patient-registry
#7
Madoka Mori-Yoshimura, Yukio Mizuno, Sumiko Yoshida, Narihiro Minami, Naohiro Yonemoto, Fumi Takeuchi, Ichizo Nishino, Miho Murata, Shin'ichi Takeda, Yuji Takahashi, En Kimura
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationship between Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD) and developmental problems, school life, employment, and mental problems. We aimed to clarify whether BMD is a risk factor for developmental disorders, problematic behavior, psychiatric diseases, and other social difficulties in school life and employment. METHODS: Adults with genetically or immunohistochemically confirmed BMD from the Registry of Muscular Dystrophy in Japan (REMUDY) were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding patient history, school life, employment, and mental problems...
November 29, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182033/influence-of-physical-activity-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-young-adults-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Jessica Hamm, Joonkoo Yun
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life constructs has been used to understand the multiple dimensions (i.e., physical health, psychological, environment and social relationships) that affect a person's health status. In order to improve health-related quality of life for young adults, it is important to understand the factors that influence each dimension. The purpose of this paper was to examine the influence of the presence of autism spectrum disorder and physical activity on the multiple domains of health-related quality of life for young adults...
November 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180054/-a-therapeutic-education-program-for-parents-of-children-with-asd-preliminary-results-about-the-effectiveness-of-the-etap-program
#9
C Derguy, M Poumeyreau, S Pingault, K M'bailara
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are characterized by particularities of cognitive and socio-adaptive functioning. Daily, they require specific interventions for the disabled person as well as support for parents who often report deterioration in their physical and mental health. To this end, the latest Autism Plan 2013-2017 highlights the need "to help families to be present and active alongside their loved ones, to avoid situations of exhaustion and stress and to enable them to play their role fully in the long term"...
November 24, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170759/autism-attention-and-alpha-oscillations-an-electrophysiological-study-of-attentional-capture
#10
Brandon Keehn, Marissa Westerfield, Ralph-Axel Müller, Jeanne Townsend
Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is associated with deficits in adaptively orienting attention to behaviorally-relevant information. Neural oscillatory activity plays a key role in brain function and provides a high-resolution temporal marker of attention dynamics. Alpha band (8-12 Hz) activity is associated with both selecting task-relevant stimuli and filtering task-irrelevant information. Methods: The present study used electroencephalography (EEG) to examine alpha-band oscillatory activity associated with attentional capture in nineteen children with ASD and twenty-one age- and IQ-matched typically developing (TD) children...
September 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159578/assessing-quality-of-program-environments-for-children-and-youth-with-autism-autism-program-environment-rating-scale-apers
#11
Samuel L Odom, Ann Cox, John Sideris, Kara A Hume, Susan Hedges, Suzanne Kucharczyk, Evelyn Shaw, Brian A Boyd, Stephanie Reszka, Jennifer Neitzel
The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Autism Program Environment Rating Scale (APERS), an instrument designed to assess quality of program environments for students with autism spectrum disorder. Data sets from two samples of public school programs that provided services to children and youth with autism spectrum disorder were utilized. Cronbach alpha analyses indicated high coefficients of internal consistency for the total APERS and moderate levels for item domains for the first data set, which was replicated with the second data set...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139322/how-pupils-on-the-autism-spectrum-make-sense-of-themselves-in-the-context-of-their-experiences-in-a-mainstream-school-setting-a-qualitative-metasynthesis
#12
Emma I Williams, Kate Gleeson, Bridget E Jones
Evidence that interpersonal interactions and self-appraisal in social context are crucial in developing self-understanding raises concerns about how pupils with autism spectrum disorder make sense of themselves in school settings where many experience social marginalisation. Metasynthesis was used to systematically extract and integrate findings from qualitative studies examining the mainstream school experiences of these students. Synthesised findings identified three, intermeshing, aspects of experience which contribute to many pupils with autism spectrum disorder making sense of themselves as 'different' to typical peers in a negative way: difficulties linked to autism spectrum disorder; interpersonal relationships, particularly with peers; and accessibility of the school environment...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138108/analysis-of-social-process-in-two-inbred-strains-of-male-mice-a-predominance-of-contact-based-investigation-in-balb-c-mice
#13
Hiroyuki Arakawa
Developing mouse models for social communication deficits requires a better understanding of the nature of social investigatory processes between mice. Mice use different investigatory strategies based on a possibility of contacts with social sources. A detailed investigation of contact distance revealed strain differences in behavioral strategy between two male inbred C57BL/6 (B6) and BALB/c (BALB) mouse strains. When direct physical contact with stimulus mice was restricted, BALB mice displayed lower social approaches than B6 mice, accompanied by heightened innate anxiety in an unfamiliar environment...
November 12, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135429/laboratory-food-acceptance-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-compared-with-children-with-typical-development
#14
Michelle A Suarez
Studies using parent-report measures have described the high prevalence of food selectivity in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, few studies have documented food acceptance in a controlled laboratory environment. The objective of this study was to compare laboratory food acceptance in children with ASD with that of children with typical development (TD). In addition, the relationships between food acceptance and the child's age, sensory processing pattern, and autism severity were explored...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134693/microglia-from-offspring-of-dams-with-allergic-asthma-exhibit-epigenomic-alterations-in-genes-dysregulated-in-autism
#15
Annie Vogel Ciernia, Milo Careaga, Janine M LaSalle, Paul Ashwood
Dysregulation in immune responses during pregnancy increases the risk of a having a child with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases among pregnant women, and symptoms often worsen during pregnancy. We recently developed a mouse model of maternal allergic asthma (MAA) that induces changes in sociability, repetitive, and perseverative behaviors in the offspring. Since epigenetic changes help a static genome adapt to the maternal environment, activation of the immune system may epigenetically alter fetal microglia, the brain's resident immune cells...
November 14, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125691/virtual-environment-for-social-information-processing-assessment-of-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorders
#16
Nicole Russo-Ponsaran, Clark McKown, Jason Johnson, Jaclyn Russo, Jacob Crossman, Ilana Reife
Social information processing (SIP) skills are critical for developing and maintaining peer relationships. Building on existing assessment techniques, Virtual Environment for SIP (VESIP(TM) ), a simulation-based assessment that immerses children in social decision-making scenarios, was developed. This study presents preliminary evidence of VESIP's usefulness for measuring SIP skills in children with and without autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Twenty-one children with ASD and 29 control children participated...
November 10, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102384/increased-stool-immunoglobulin-a-level-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
Jiaxiu Zhou, Fusheng He, Feng Yang, Zheng Yang, Yingjun Xie, Shaoming Zhou, Jingwen Liang, Ruihuan Xu, Yan Wang, Hailiang Guo, Wenhao Zhou, Mingbang Wang
BACKGROUND: There are currently no effective treatments for the core symptoms of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). However, alleviating gastrointestinal (GI) problems, which are prevalent in ASD patients, can significantly improve the core symptoms of autism. Previous studies have associated GI disorders in ASD patients with abnormal gut microbiota, although few disease-related microorganisms have been identified. Considering that the gut microbiome affects the intestinal immune system and the patient's behavior, and that immunoglobulin A (IgA) is the main antibody secreted by intestinal immune cells, we investigated stool IgA content as a means of understanding the gut immune status of ASD patients...
October 25, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078024/don-t-ask-me-what-s-the-matter-ask-me-what-matters-acute-mental-health-facility-experiences-of-people-living-with-autism-spectrum-conditions
#18
Paul Maloret, Tricia Scott
BACKGROUND: This qualitative study explored how mental health inpatients with autistic spectrum conditions experience and cope with anxiety when admitted to an acute mental health inpatient facility in the UK. Anxiety is a common characteristic for people who live with autistic spectrum conditions and whilst a plethora of studies on anxiety in this population are published which correlate anxiety with mental health service experience, little is known about the actual triggers of anxiety and its manifestations...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073339/autism-and-primary-care-dentistry-parents-experiences-of-taking-children-with-autism-or-working-diagnosis-of-autism-for-dental-examinations
#19
Nicole Thomas, Sharon Blake, Christopher Morris, David R Moles
BACKGROUND: Accessing and receiving preventative dental treatment can be difficult for children with autism due to sensory processing disorders and/or challenging behaviours coupled with a reported reluctance by dentists to treat these children. AIM: To gather dental experiences of UK parents of children with autism or working diagnosis of autism and explore how they feel primary care dental services can be improved. DESIGN: A total of 17 parents of children with a diagnosis or working diagnosis of autism took part in semi-structured interviews...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069906/parent-observed-thematic-data-on-quality-of-life-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Amy Epstein, Andrew Whitehouse, Katrina Williams, Nada Murphy, Helen Leonard, Elise Davis, Dinah Reddihough, Jenny Downs
Domains of quality of life in children with autism spectrum disorder have not previously been explored and there has been no quality of life measure developed for this population. Our study investigated parent observations to identify the domains important to children with autism spectrum disorder who also had an intellectual disability. In all, 21 parents (19 mothers, 2 fathers) of children with autism spectrum disorder (aged 6-17 years) participated in a qualitative study to discuss their child's quality of life...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
keyword
keyword
48863
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"