keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Autism environment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439605/effectiveness-of-a-preparatory-aid-in-facilitating-oral-assessment-in-a-group-of-saudi-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-central-saudi-arabia
#1
Ebtissam Z Murshid
To evaluate the effectiveness of a specially-designed dental book (preparatory aid) on the behavior of a group of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Saudi children during their first dental visit to the College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional double-blinded pre-and post clinical study consisting of 2 parts; a survey targeting the parents, and a clinical oral examination of their ASD children was conducted between January and June of 2016.  Results: A total of 40 children (75% males and 25% females) with an average age of 6...
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433088/parental-age-and-offspring-psychopathology-in-the-philadelphia-neurodevelopmental-cohort
#2
Alison K Merikangas, Monica E Calkins, Warren B Bilker, Tyler M Moore, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence implicates advanced paternal age at offspring birth in neuropsychiatric disorders. Advanced maternal age has also been associated with schizophrenia and other neurodevelopmental disorders, whereas younger maternal age has been linked with behavioral disorders. Few studies have considered the specificity of the associations with respect to comorbidity. In addition, most prior studies have been conducted in clinical samples or registries that may reflect more severe forms of psychopathology...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433087/paternal-age-alters-social-development-in-offspring
#3
Magdalena Janecka, Claire M A Haworth, Angelica Ronald, Eva Krapohl, Francesca Happé, Jonathan Mill, Leonard C Schalkwyk, Cathy Fernandes, Abraham Reichenberg, Frühling Rijsdijk
OBJECTIVE: Advanced paternal age (APA) at conception has been linked with autism and schizophrenia in offspring, neurodevelopmental disorders that affect social functioning. The current study explored the effects of paternal age on social development in the general population. METHOD: We used multilevel growth modeling to investigate APA effects on socioemotional development from early childhood until adolescence, as measured by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in the Twins Early Development Study (TEDS) sample...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429605/parent-perspectives-on-home-participation-of-high-functioning-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-compared-with-a-matched-group-of-children-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Snæfrídur T Egilson, Gunnhildur Jakobsdóttir, Linda B Ólafsdóttir
Few studies have focused on home participation of high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder. We employed a mixed-methods design to explore and compare parent perspectives on (1) participation of children with and without autism spectrum disorder in activities at home, (2) the environmental features and resources that affect these children's home participation and (3) the strategies parents use to help their children participate at home. The Participation and Environment Measure for Children and Youth (PEM-CY) was used to gather online survey and qualitative data from parents of 99 high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder and 241 children without autism spectrum disorder...
April 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423808/security-policy-and-infrastructure-in-the-context-of-a-multi-centeric-information-system-dedicated-to-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Mohamed Ben Said, Laurence Robel, Bernard Golse, Jean Philippe Jais
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are complex neuro-developmental disorders affecting children in their early age. The diagnosis of ASD relies on multidisciplinary investigations, in psychiatry, neurology, genetics, electrophysiology, neuro-imagery, audiology and ophthalmology. In order to support clinicians, researchers and public health decision makers, we designed an information system dedicated to ASD, called TEDIS. TEDIS was designed to manage systematic, exhaustive and continuous multi-centric patient data collection via secured Internet connections...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422647/eeg-based-affect-and-workload-recognition-in-a-virtual-driving-environment-for-asd-intervention
#6
Jing Fan, Joshua W Wade, Alexandra P Key, Zachary Warren, Nilanjan Sarkar
OBJECTIVE: To build group-level classification models capable of recognizing affective states and mental workload of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during driving skill training. METHODS: Twenty adolescents with ASD participated in a six-session virtual reality driving simulator based experiment, during which their electroencephalogram (EEG) data were recorded alongside driving events and a therapist's rating of their affective states and mental workload...
April 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417440/developmental-neurotoxicity-of-traffic-related-air-pollution-focus-on-autism
#7
REVIEW
Lucio G Costa, Yu-Chi Chang, Toby B Cole
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Epidemiological and animal studies suggest that air pollution may negatively affect the central nervous system (CNS) and contribute to CNS diseases. Traffic-related air pollution is a major contributor to global air pollution, and diesel exhaust (DE) is its most important component. RECENT FINDINGS: Several studies suggest that young individuals may be particularly susceptible to air pollution-induced neurotoxicity and that perinatal exposure may cause or contribute to developmental disabilities and behavioral abnormalities...
April 17, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391454/atypical-gaze-cueing-pattern-in-a-complex-environment-in-individuals-with-asd
#8
Shuo Zhao, Shota Uono, Sayaka Yoshimura, Yasutaka Kubota, Motomi Toichi
Clinically, social interaction, including gaze-triggered attention, has been reported to be impaired in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but psychological studies have generally shown intact gaze-triggered attention in ASD. These studies typically examined gaze-triggered attention under simple environmental conditions. In real life, however, the environment is complex. Previous studies have shown that an enhanced cueing effect was found when using eye gaze compared with arrow cues in unpredictably complex conditions in typically developing (TD) individuals...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371413/auditory-spatial-attention-to-speech-and-complex-non-speech-sounds-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Laura N Soskey, Paul D Allen, Loisa Bennetto
One of the earliest observable impairments in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a failure to orient to speech and other social stimuli. Auditory spatial attention, a key component of orienting to sounds in the environment, has been shown to be impaired in adults with ASD. Additionally, specific deficits in orienting to social sounds could be related to increased acoustic complexity of speech. We aimed to characterize auditory spatial attention in children with ASD and neurotypical controls, and to determine the effect of auditory stimulus complexity on spatial attention...
April 1, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357154/vaccine-hesitancy-in-search-of-the-risk-communication-comfort-zone
#10
Joshua Greenberg, Eve Dubé, Michelle Driedger
INTRODUCTION: This paper reports the findings of a national online survey to parents of children aged 5 and younger. The objectives of the study were to assess parental understanding of childhood immunizations, identify sources of information that they trust for vaccine-related content, assess where parents with young children stand on the key issues in the public debate about vaccination, and identify which risk communication messages are most effective for influencing the behaviours of vaccine hesitant parents...
March 3, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348195/impact-of-the-early-start-denver-model-on-the-cognitive-level-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-using-a-two-stage-zelen-design
#11
Sandrine Touzet, Pauline Occelli, Carmen Schröder, Sabine Manificat, Ludovic Gicquel, Razvana Stanciu, Marie Schaer, Marie-Joelle Oreve, Mario Speranza, Angelique Denis, Amelie Zelmar, Bruno Falissard, Nicolas Georgieff, Stephane Bahrami, Marie-Maude Geoffray
INTRODUCTION: Early intervention for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the European French-speaking countries is heterogeneous and poorly evaluated to date. Early intervention units applying the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) for toddlers and young children with ASD have been created in France and Belgium to improve this situation. It is essential to evaluate this intervention for the political decision-making process regarding ASD interventions in European French-speaking countries...
March 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339177/multisensory-speech-perception-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-from-phoneme-to-whole-word-perception
#12
Ryan A Stevenson, Sarah H Baum, Magali Segers, Susanne Ferber, Morgan D Barense, Mark T Wallace
Speech perception in noisy environments is boosted when a listener can see the speaker's mouth and integrate the auditory and visual speech information. Autistic children have a diminished capacity to integrate sensory information across modalities, which contributes to core symptoms of autism, such as impairments in social communication. We investigated the abilities of autistic and typically-developing (TD) children to integrate auditory and visual speech stimuli in various signal-to-noise ratios (SNR). Measurements of both whole-word and phoneme recognition were recorded...
March 24, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335457/the-epigenetic-link-between-prenatal-adverse-environments-and-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Marija Kundakovic, Ivana Jaric
Prenatal adverse environments, such as maternal stress, toxicological exposures, and viral infections, can disrupt normal brain development and contribute to neurodevelopmental disorders, including schizophrenia, depression, and autism. Increasing evidence shows that these short- and long-term effects of prenatal exposures on brain structure and function are mediated by epigenetic mechanisms. Animal studies demonstrate that prenatal exposure to stress, toxins, viral mimetics, and drugs induces lasting epigenetic changes in the brain, including genes encoding glucocorticoid receptor (Nr3c1) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (Bdnf)...
March 18, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333847/management-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-anesthesia-and-radiographic-context
#14
Ingalill Gimbler Berglund, Berit Björkman, Karin Enskär, Maria Faresjö, Karina Huus
OBJECTIVE: As a primary objective, this study purports to develop guidelines to better care for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), particularly regarding these children's preparation for anesthesia and radiologic procedures. METHODS: Using a Delphi method with an online distribution of questionnaire, guidelines for caring for children with ASD were created. Twenty-one participants were included in the expert panel. These participants were working with children with ASD in several anesthesia and radiology departments in Sweden...
April 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333493/bayesian-approaches-to-autism-towards-volatility-action-and-behavior
#15
Colin J Palmer, Rebecca P Lawson, Jakob Hohwy
Autism spectrum disorder currently lacks an explanation that bridges cognitive, computational, and neural domains. In the past 5 years, progress has been sought in this area by drawing on Bayesian probability theory to describe both social and nonsocial aspects of autism in terms of systematic differences in the processing of sensory information in the brain. The present article begins by synthesizing the existing literature in this regard, including an introduction to the topic for unfamiliar readers. The key proposal is that autism is characterized by a greater weighting of sensory information in updating probabilistic representations of the environment...
May 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331572/environmental-risk-factors-for-autism-an-evidence-based-review-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#16
REVIEW
Amirhossein Modabbernia, Eva Velthorst, Abraham Reichenberg
BACKGROUND: According to recent evidence, up to 40-50% of variance in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) liability might be determined by environmental factors. In the present paper, we conducted a review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of environmental risk factors for ASD. We assessed each review for quality of evidence and provided a brief overview of putative mechanisms of environmental risk factors for ASD. FINDINGS: Current evidence suggests that several environmental factors including vaccination, maternal smoking, thimerosal exposure, and most likely assisted reproductive technologies are unrelated to risk of ASD...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325062/personal-experiences-of-the-criminal-justice-system-by-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
Sissel Berge Helverschou, Kari Steindal, Jim Aage Nøttestad, Patricia Howlin
The processes of arrest, investigation, trial and imprisonment are often extremely difficult for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. In this study, nine offenders with autism spectrum disorders were interviewed about the circumstance surrounding the criminal acts, their views of the arrest, the police interrogation, the trial and the defence and their experiences of being in prison and/or life following the offence. The nine individuals described a range of different and often negative experiences with the Criminal Justice System...
March 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298276/early-life-nutritional-programming-of-cognition-the-fundamental-role-of-epigenetic-mechanisms-in-mediating-the-relation-between-early-life-environment-and-learning-and-memory-process
#18
REVIEW
Laura Moody, Hong Chen, Yuan-Xiang Pan
The perinatal period is a window of heightened plasticity that lays the groundwork for future anatomic, physiologic, and behavioral outcomes. During this time, maternal diet plays a pivotal role in the maturation of vital organs and the establishment of neuronal connections. However, when perinatal nutrition is either lacking in specific micro- and macronutrients or overloaded with excess calories, the consequences can be devastating and long lasting. The brain is particularly sensitive to perinatal insults, with several neurologic and psychiatric disorders having been linked to a poor in utero environment...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295208/naturalistic-language-recordings-reveal-hypervocal-infants-at-high-familial-risk-for-autism
#19
Meghan R Swanson, Mark D Shen, Jason J Wolff, Brian Boyd, Mark Clements, James Rehg, Jed T Elison, Sarah Paterson, Julia Parish-Morris, J Chad Chappell, Heather C Hazlett, Robert W Emerson, Kelly Botteron, Juhi Pandey, Robert T Schultz, Stephen R Dager, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Annette M Estes, Joseph Piven
Children's early language environments are related to later development. Little is known about this association in siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), who often experience language delays or have ASD. Fifty-nine 9-month-old infants at high or low familial risk for ASD contributed full-day in-home language recordings. High-risk infants produced more vocalizations than low-risk peers; conversational turns and adult words did not differ by group. Vocalization differences were driven by a subgroup of "hypervocal" infants...
March 10, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281642/feature-and-motion-based-gaze-cuing-is-linked-with-reduced-social-competence
#20
Dana A Hayward, Jelena Ristic
Gaze following is a fundamental ability that plays an important role in human social function. However, the link between these two processes remains elusive. On the one hand, typically developing persons show robust gaze following in laboratory cuing tasks. On the other hand, investigations with individuals with autism suggest that reduced social competence in this population may partly reflect an atypical access to social information through attending to perceptual changes that normally accompany gaze shifts, like luminance or motion transients...
March 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
48863
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"