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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610407/the-diagnostic-odyssey-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Martine Lappé, Lynette Lau, Rebecca N Dudovitz, Bergen B Nelson, Elizabeth A Karp, Alice A Kuo
OBJECTIVES: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by challenges in social communication and interaction and restricted or repetitive behavior, interests, or activities. Although ASD symptoms generally manifest in early childhood, many individuals experience delays accessing an autism diagnosis and related services. In this study, we identify the individual, social, and structural factors that influence parents' experiences of children's ASD diagnosis...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556451/no-less-worthy-recommendations-for-behavior-analysts-treating-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-with-dignity
#2
Dennis H Reid, Mary Rosswurm, David A Rotholz
In this article, the authors offer recommendations for behavior analysts on how to treat adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) with dignity. Initially, the importance of treating adults with disabilities with dignity is emphasized in terms of the impact on people with IDD, their family members, behavior analysts and other service providers, and the behavior analysis field in general. The recommendations are based primarily on the authors' professional and personal experiences along with similar experiences of others involved either personally or professionally in the disability field...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556450/some-tools-for-carrying-out-a-proposed-process-for-supervising-experience-hours-for-aspiring-board-certified-behavior-analysts-%C3%A2
#3
Katie Lynn Garza, Heather M McGee, Yannick A Schenk, Rebecca R Wiskirchen
While task clarification, goal setting, feedback, and behavioral skills training (BST) are well-supported methods for performance improvement, there is no standardized approach to supervising aspiring Board Certified Behavior Analysts® (BCBAs®) that specifies how such practices should be used within a comprehensive supervision system, namely for supervising those who are still accruing experience hours for the purpose of becoming board certified. This article outlines a systematic approach to BCBA supervision and provides a set of tools that supervisors can use to ensure that they are engaging in empirically based supervision practices...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556449/guidelines-for-the-establishment-of-a-university-based-practical-training-system
#4
Erick M Dubuque, Molly L Dubuque
Individuals interested in applying to sit for a Behavior Analyst Certification Board® (BACB) examination are required to accumulate a predetermined number of experience and supervision hours under the BACB Experience Standards (BACB, 2015c). Currently, the BACB allows students to accumulate these hours while enrolled in a higher education training program that contains a BACB-Approved Course Sequence (ACS). There are numerous professional and financial benefits for programs offering practical training opportunities to students...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556447/towards-a-meaningful-analysis-of-behavior-analyst-preparation-programs
#5
Collin Shepley, R Allan Allday, Sally B Shepley
Numerous universities and colleges offer coursework approved by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board. Despite uniform requirements for approval, many differences exist among programs. To provide the field of behavior analysis with information about these differences, we conducted an initial analysis of programmatic variables and their relationship to pass rates on the Board Certified Behavior Analyst examination.Given the variety of preparation programs currently approved by the certification board, behavior analysts from different programs will likely differ with regard to their training and experiences...
March 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530303/time-series-modeling-in-traffic-safety-research
#6
Steven M Lavrenz, Eleni I Vlahogianni, Konstantina Gkritza, Yue Ke
The use of statistical models for analyzing traffic safety (crash) data has been well-established. However, time series techniques have traditionally been underrepresented in the corresponding literature, due to challenges in data collection, along with a limited knowledge of proper methodology. In recent years, new types of high-resolution traffic safety data, especially in measuring driver behavior, have made time series modeling techniques an increasingly salient topic of study. Yet there remains a dearth of information to guide analysts in their use...
March 9, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527741/predictive-validity-and-efficiency-of-ongoing-visual-inspection-criteria-for-interpreting-functional-analyses
#7
Valdeep Saini, Wayne W Fisher, Billie J Retzlaff
Prior research has evaluated the reliability and validity of structured criteria for visually inspecting functional-analysis (FA) results on a post-hoc basis, after completion of the FA (i.e., post-hoc visual inspection [PHVI]; e.g., Hagopian et al., 1997). However, most behavior analysts inspect FAs using ongoing visual inspection (OVI) as the FA is implemented, and the validity of applying structured criteria during OVI remains unknown. In this investigation, we evaluated the predictive validity and efficiency of applying structured criteria on an ongoing basis by comparing the interim interpretations produced through OVI with (a) the final interpretations produced by PHVI, (b) the authors' post-hoc interpretations (PHAI) reported in the research studies, and (c) the consensus interpretations of these two post-hoc analyses...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527690/on-the-use-of-the-term-frequency-in-applied-behavior-analysis
#8
James E Carr, Melissa R Nosik, Molli M Luke
There exists a terminological problem in applied behavior analysis: the term frequency has been used as a synonym for both rate (the number of responses per time) and count (the number of responses). To guide decisions about the use and meaning of frequency, we surveyed the usage of frequency in contemporary behavior-analytic journals and textbooks and found that the predominant usage of frequency was as count, not rate. Thus, we encourage behavior analysts to use frequency as a synonym for count.
March 12, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512875/stability-of-complete-blood-count-in-different-storage-conditions-using-the-abx-pentra-60-analyzer
#9
L R Oliveira, M Simionatto, B R Cruz, J I M Bittencourt, E A Krum, M F Moss, D C K Borato
INTRODUCTION: Sample stability is essential to obtain reliable results in the clinical laboratory. This study was conducted to investigate the reliability of hematological parameters using ABX Pentra 60 in samples stored for up to 72 hours at different temperatures. METHODS: A total of 651 blood samples were analyzed at different analysis times: 2, 24, 48, and 72 hours and forms and storage: room temperature (25°C) and at 4°C. The imprecision of the results was evaluated by the analytical coefficient of variation (CVa%) obtained by the typical error (TE) and Kruskal-Wallis analysis, to compare the averages...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462649/the-roles-of-the-analogy-with-natural-selection-in-b-f-skinner-s-philosophy
#10
Terry L Smith
Beginning in the 1950s, B. F. Skinner made increasing reference to an analogy between operant conditioning and natural selection. This analogy is the basis of an argument that, in contrast to Skinner's other critiques of cognitive science, is neither epistemological nor pragmatic. Instead, it is based on the claim that ontogenetic adaptation is due to a special mode of causation he called "selection by consequences." He argued that this mode of causation conflicts with explanations that attribute action to an autonomous agent with reasons for acting...
February 17, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446963/the-effect-of-data-points-per-x-to-y-axis-ratio-on-visual-analysts-evaluation-of-single-case-graphs
#11
Keith C Radley, Evan H Dart, Sarah J Wright
Research based on single-case designs (SCD) are frequently utilized in educational settings to evaluate the effect of an intervention on student behavior. Visual analysis is the primary method of evaluation of SCD, despite research noting concerns regarding reliability of the procedure. Recent research suggests that characteristics of the graphic display may contribute to poor reliability and overestimation of intervention effects. This study investigated the effect of increasing or decreasing the data points per x- to y-axis ratio (DPPXYR) on rater evaluations of functional relation and effect size in SCD data sets...
February 15, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383846/modeling-and-predicting-chiral-stationary-phase-enantioselectivity-an-efficient-random-forest-classifier-using-an-optimally-balanced-training-dataset-and-an-aggregation-strategy
#12
Patrick Piras, Robert Sheridan, Edward C Sherer, Wes Schafer, Christopher J Welch, Christian Roussel
Predicting whether a chiral column will be effective is a daily task for many analysts. Moreover, finding the best chiral column for separating a particular racemic compound is mostly a matter of trial and error that may take up to week in some cases. In this study we have developed a novel prediction approach based on combining a random forest classifier and an optimized discretization method for dealing with enantioselectivity as a continuous variable. Using the optimization results, models were trained on data sets divided into four enantioselectivity classes...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333486/ethical-considerations-when-delivering-behavior-analytic-services-for-problem-behavior-via-telehealth
#13
Patrick W Romani, Kelly M Schieltz
Delivery of healthcare services via telehealth has been growing in popularity, and work completed by behavior analytic researchers and practitioners have supported this trend. Behavior analysts at the University of Iowa Children's Hospital (UICH) developed a telehealth model of service delivery to build upon their already established in-clinic and in-home services. Results from their telehealth studies showed positive effects. Social functions were identified for most children, and problem behavior decreased by an average of 94...
November 2017: Behavior Analysis (Washington, D.C.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319602/an-interactional-profile-to-assist-the-differential-diagnosis-of-neurodegenerative-and-functional-memory-disorders
#14
Markus Reuber, Daniel J Blackburn, Chris Elsey, Sarah Wakefield, Kerry A Ardern, Kirsty Harkness, Annalena Venneri, Danielle Jones, Chloe Shaw, Paul Drew
OBJECTIVE: Specialist services for dementia are seeing an increasing number of patients. We investigated whether interactional and linguistic features in the communication behavior of patients with memory problems could help distinguish between those with problems secondary to neurological disorders (ND) and those with functional memory disorder (FMD). METHODS: In part 1 of this study, a diagnostic scoring aid (DSA) was developed encouraging linguists to provide quantitative ratings for 14 interactional features...
January 9, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284066/digital-stratigraphy-contextual-analysis-of-file-system-traces-in-forensic-science
#15
Eoghan Casey
This work introduces novel methods for conducting forensic analysis of file allocation traces, collectively called digital stratigraphy. These in-depth forensic analysis methods can provide insight into the origin, composition, distribution, and time frame of strata within storage media. Using case examples and empirical studies, this paper illuminates the successes, challenges, and limitations of digital stratigraphy. This study also shows how understanding file allocation methods can provide insight into concealment activities and how real-world computer usage can complicate digital stratigraphy...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282554/soccer-helps-build-strong-bones-during-growth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Gabriel Lozano-Berges, Ángel Matute-Llorente, Alejandro González-Agüero, Alejandro Gómez-Bruton, Alba Gómez-Cabello, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez, José A Casajús
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of soccer practice on bone in male and female children and adolescents. MEDLINE, PubMed, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science databases were searched for scientific articles published up to and including October 2016. Twenty-seven studies were included in this systematic review (13 in the meta-analysis). The meta-analysis was performed by using OpenMeta[Analyst] software. It is well documented that soccer practice during childhood provides positive effects on bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD) compared to sedentary behaviors and other sports, such as tennis, weightlifting, or swimming...
March 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278778/selection-as-a-domain-general-evolutionary-process
#17
Carsta Simon, Dag O Hessen
The behavioral phenotype of an organism results from selective processes acting on variation in behavioral traits during ontogeny (during life span) and phylogeny (across generations). Different adaptive processes can be categorized as environment-phenotype feedback loops. In this cross-disciplinary approach, we discuss the interaction of ontogenetic selective processes, traditionally studied by behavior analysts, and phylogenetic selection processes, traditionally studied by biologists. We elaborate upon the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis by addressing the connection between selection as a domain-general process and phenomena such as classical and operant conditioning, imprinting, adjunctive behavior, and gene-culture coevolution...
December 24, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144068/going-public-early-disclosure-of-food-risks-for-the-benefit-of-public-health
#18
Benjamin Chapman, Maria Sol Erdozaim, Douglas Powell
Often during an outbreak of foodborne illness, there are health officials who have data indicating that there is a risk prior to notifying the public. During the lag period between the first public health signal and some release of public information, there are decision makers who are weighing evidence with the impacts of going public. Multiple agencies and analysts have lamented that there is not a common playbook or decision tree for how public health agencies determine what information to release and when...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097014/income-related-health-transfers-principles-and-orderings-of-joint-distributions-of-income-and-health
#19
Mohamad A Khaled, Paul Makdissi, Myra Yazbeck
The objective of this article is to provide the analyst with the necessary tools that allow for a robust ordering of joint distributions of health and income. We contribute to the literature on the measurement and inference of socioeconomic health inequality in three distinct but complementary ways. First, we provide a formalization of the socioeconomic health inequality-specific ethical principle introduced by Erreygers et al. (2012) . Second, we propose new graphical tools and dominance tests for the identification of robust orderings of joint distributions of income and health associated with this new ethical principle...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074146/community-pharmacists-beliefs-regarding-improvement-of-star-ratings-scores-using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#20
David L George, Michael J Smith, JoLaine R Draugalis, Eleni L Tolma, Shellie L Keast, Justin B Wilson
OBJECTIVES: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) is moving toward a value-based model, which includes the Five-Star Quality Rating System (Star Ratings). Prescription Drug Plans include multiple pharmacy measures associated with adherence and patient safety that contribute to CMS Star Ratings scores. This study, using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), explored factors associated with community pharmacists' beliefs to improve Star Ratings scores. DESIGN: Exploratory, qualitative, use of focus groups, and the TPB...
January 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
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