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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446963/the-effect-of-data-points-per-x-to-y-axis-ratio-on-visual-analysts-evaluation-of-single-case-graphs
#1
Keith C Radley, Evan H Dart, Sarah J Wright
Research based on single-case designs (SCD) are frequently utilized in educational settings to evaluate the effect of an intervention on student behavior. Visual analysis is the primary method of evaluation of SCD, despite research noting concerns regarding reliability of the procedure. Recent research suggests that characteristics of the graphic display may contribute to poor reliability and overestimation of intervention effects. This study investigated the effect of increasing or decreasing the data points per x- to y-axis ratio (DPPXYR) on rater evaluations of functional relation and effect size in SCD data sets...
February 15, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383846/modeling-and-predicting-chiral-stationary-phase-enantioselectivity-an-efficient-random-forest-classifier-using-an-optimally-balanced-training-dataset-and-an-aggregation-strategy
#2
Patrick Piras, Robert Sheridan, Edward C Sherer, Wes Schafer, Christopher J Welch, Christian Roussel
Predicting whether a chiral column will be effective is a daily task for many analysts. Moreover, finding the best chiral column for separating a particular racemic compound is mostly a matter of trial and error that may take up to week in some cases. In this study we have developed a novel prediction approach based on combining a random forest classifier and an optimized discretization method for dealing with enantioselectivity as a continuous variable. Using the optimization results, models were trained on data sets divided into four enantioselectivity classes...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333486/ethical-considerations-when-delivering-behavior-analytic-services-for-problem-behavior-via-telehealth
#3
Patrick W Romani, Kelly M Schieltz
Delivery of healthcare services via telehealth has been growing in popularity, and work completed by behavior analytic researchers and practitioners have supported this trend. Behavior analysts at the University of Iowa Children's Hospital (UICH) developed a telehealth model of service delivery to build upon their already established in-clinic and in-home services. Results from their telehealth studies showed positive effects. Social functions were identified for most children, and problem behavior decreased by an average of 94...
November 2017: Behavior Analysis (Washington, D.C.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319602/an-interactional-profile-to-assist-the-differential-diagnosis-of-neurodegenerative-and-functional-memory-disorders
#4
Markus Reuber, Daniel J Blackburn, Chris Elsey, Sarah Wakefield, Kerry A Ardern, Kirsty Harkness, Annalena Venneri, Danielle Jones, Chloe Shaw, Paul Drew
OBJECTIVE: Specialist services for dementia are seeing an increasing number of patients. We investigated whether interactional and linguistic features in the communication behavior of patients with memory problems could help distinguish between those with problems secondary to neurological disorders (ND) and those with functional memory disorder (FMD). METHODS: In part 1 of this study, a diagnostic scoring aid (DSA) was developed encouraging linguists to provide quantitative ratings for 14 interactional features...
January 9, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284066/digital-stratigraphy-contextual-analysis-of-file-system-traces-in-forensic-science
#5
Eoghan Casey
This work introduces novel methods for conducting forensic analysis of file allocation traces, collectively called digital stratigraphy. These in-depth forensic analysis methods can provide insight into the origin, composition, distribution, and time frame of strata within storage media. Using case examples and empirical studies, this paper illuminates the successes, challenges, and limitations of digital stratigraphy. This study also shows how understanding file allocation methods can provide insight into concealment activities and how real-world computer usage can complicate digital stratigraphy...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282554/soccer-helps-build-strong-bones-during-growth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Gabriel Lozano-Berges, Ángel Matute-Llorente, Alejandro González-Agüero, Alejandro Gómez-Bruton, Alba Gómez-Cabello, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez, José A Casajús
The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of soccer practice on bone in male and female children and adolescents. MEDLINE, PubMed, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science databases were searched for scientific articles published up to and including October 2016. Twenty-seven studies were included in this systematic review (13 in the meta-analysis). The meta-analysis was performed by using OpenMeta[Analyst] software. It is well documented that soccer practice during childhood provides positive effects on bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD) compared to sedentary behaviors and other sports, such as tennis, weightlifting, or swimming...
December 28, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278778/selection-as-a-domain-general-evolutionary-process
#7
Carsta Simon, Dag O Hessen
The behavioral phenotype of an organism results from selective processes acting on variation in behavioral traits during ontogeny (during life span) and phylogeny (across generations). Different adaptive processes can be categorized as environment-phenotype feedback loops. In this cross-disciplinary approach, we discuss the interaction of ontogenetic selective processes, traditionally studied by behavior analysts, and phylogenetic selection processes, traditionally studied by biologists. We elaborate upon the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis by addressing the connection between selection as a domain-general process and phenomena such as classical and operant conditioning, imprinting, adjunctive behavior, and gene-culture coevolution...
December 23, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144068/going-public-early-disclosure-of-food-risks-for-the-benefit-of-public-health
#8
Benjamin Chapman, Maria Sol Erdozaim, Douglas Powell
Often during an outbreak of foodborne illness, there are health officials who have data indicating that there is a risk prior to notifying the public. During the lag period between the first public health signal and some release of public information, there are decision makers who are weighing evidence with the impacts of going public. Multiple agencies and analysts have lamented that there is not a common playbook or decision tree for how public health agencies determine what information to release and when...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097014/income-related-health-transfers-principles-and-orderings-of-joint-distributions-of-income-and-health
#9
Mohamad A Khaled, Paul Makdissi, Myra Yazbeck
The objective of this article is to provide the analyst with the necessary tools that allow for a robust ordering of joint distributions of health and income. We contribute to the literature on the measurement and inference of socioeconomic health inequality in three distinct but complementary ways. First, we provide a formalization of the socioeconomic health inequality-specific ethical principle introduced by Erreygers et al. (2012) . Second, we propose new graphical tools and dominance tests for the identification of robust orderings of joint distributions of income and health associated with this new ethical principle...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074146/community-pharmacists-beliefs-regarding-improvement-of-star-ratings-scores-using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#10
David L George, Michael J Smith, JoLaine R Draugalis, Eleni L Tolma, Shellie L Keast, Justin B Wilson
OBJECTIVES: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) is moving toward a value-based model, which includes the Five-Star Quality Rating System (Star Ratings). Prescription Drug Plans include multiple pharmacy measures associated with adherence and patient safety that contribute to CMS Star Ratings scores. This study, using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), explored factors associated with community pharmacists' beliefs to improve Star Ratings scores. DESIGN: Exploratory, qualitative, use of focus groups, and the TPB...
October 23, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021939/automating-phase-change-lines-and-their-labels-using-microsoft-excel-r
#11
Neil Deochand
Many researchers have rallied against drawn in graphical elements and offered ways to avoid them, especially regarding the insertion of phase change lines (Deochand, Costello, & Fuqua, 2015; Dubuque, 2015; Vanselow & Bourret, 2012). However, few have offered a solution to automating the phase labels, which are often utilized in behavior analytic graphical displays (Deochand et al., 2015). Despite the fact that Microsoft Excel® is extensively utilized by behavior analysts, solutions to resolve issues in our graphing practices are not always apparent or user-friendly...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021938/are-brazilian-behavior-analysts-publishing-outside-the-box-a-survey-of-general-science-media
#12
Rodrigo Dal Ben, Fernanda Castanho Calixto, André Luiz Ferreira
Recent studies have stressed the importance of disseminating behavior analysis to a more diverse audience and have provided ways to do so effectively. General science publications offer an attractive venue for communicating with a scientifically educated public. The present study examines behavior analysis research published in Science Today and Research Fapesp, monthly general science publications published by the Brazilian Society for the Advancement of Science and São Paulo Research Foundation, respectively...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021937/recommendations-for-identifying-sleep-problems-and-treatment-resources-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Emily Abel, So Yeon Kim, Ashleigh M Kellerman, Matthew T Brodhead
Many young children experience sleep problems that may influence their daytime functioning. These sleep problems are especially prevalent in young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Therefore, general recommendations for identifying and treating sleep problems in children with ASD are needed for behavior analysts to identify potential sleep problems and make empirically informed decisions regarding treatment options. The current paper seeks to provide behavior analysts, who work with children with ASD, with informative research on pediatric sleep problems, sleep measures, and options for behavioral sleep treatment...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021934/the-effects-of-bug-in-ear-coaching-on-pre-service-behavior-analysts-use-of-functional-communication-training
#14
Kathleen Artman-Meeker, Nancy Rosenberg, Natalie Badgett, Xueyan Yang, Ashley Penney
Behavior analysts play an important role in supporting the behavior and learning of young children with disabilities in natural settings. However, there is very little research related specifically to developing the skills and competencies needed by pre-service behavior analysts. This study examined the effects of "bug-in-ear" (BIE) coaching on pre-service behavior analysts' implementation of functional communication training with pre-school children with autism in their classrooms. BIE coaching was associated with increases in the rate of functional communication training trials each intern initiated per session and in the fidelity with which interns implemented functional communication training...
September 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874478/health-care-market-concentration-trends-in-the-united-states-evidence-and-policy-responses
#15
Brent D Fulton
Policy makers and analysts have been voicing concerns about the increasing concentration of health care providers and health insurers in markets nationwide, including the potential adverse effect on the cost and quality of health care. The Council of Economic Advisers recently expressed its concern about the lack of estimates of market concentration in many sectors of the US economy. To address this gap in health care, this study analyzed market concentration trends in the United States from 2010 to 2016 for hospitals, physician organizations, and health insurers...
September 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866578/bring-it-to-the-pitch-combining-video-and-movement-data-to-enhance-team-sport-analysis
#16
Manuel Stein, Halldor Janetzko, Andreas Lamprecht, Thorsten Breitkreutz, Philipp Zimmermann, Bastian Goldlucke, Tobias Schreck, Gennady Andrienko, Michael Grossniklaus, Daniel A Keim
Analysts in professional team sport regularly perform analysis to gain strategic and tactical insights into player and team behavior. Goals of team sport analysis regularly include identification of weaknesses of opposing teams, or assessing performance and improvement potential of a coached team. Current analysis workflows are typically based on the analysis of team videos. Also, analysts can rely on techniques from Information Visualization, to depict e.g., player or ball trajectories. However, video analysis is typically a time-consuming process, where the analyst needs to memorize and annotate scenes...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845348/tricare-applied-behavior-analysis-aba-benefit-comparison-with-medicaid-and-commercial-benefits
#17
Margaret Maglione, Srikanth Kadiyala, Amii Kress, Jaime L Hastings, Claire E O'Hanlon
This study compared the Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) benefit provided by TRICARE as an early intervention for autism spectrum disorder with similar benefits in Medicaid and commercial health insurance plans. The sponsor, the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, was particularly interested in how a proposed TRICARE reimbursement rate decrease from $125 per hour to $68 per hour for ABA services performed by a Board Certified Behavior Analyst compared with reimbursement rates (defined as third-party payment to the service provider) in Medicaid and commercial health insurance plans...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840158/utilizing-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-for-prediction-of-cognitive-workload-in-noisy-work-environments
#18
Ryan Gabbard, Mary Fendley, Irfaan A Dar, Rik Warren, Nasser H Kashou
Occupational noise frequently occurs in the work environment in military intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance operations. This impacts cognitive performance by acting as a stressor, potentially interfering with the analysts' decision-making process. We investigated the effects of different noise stimuli on analysts' performance and workload in anomaly detection by simulating a noisy work environment. We utilized functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to quantify oxy-hemoglobin (HbO) and deoxy-hemoglobin concentration changes in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), as well as behavioral measures, which include eye tracking, reaction time, and accuracy rate...
October 2017: Neurophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630819/concerns-about-the-registered-behavior-technician%C3%A2-in-relation-to-effective-autism-intervention
#19
Justin B Leaf, Ronald Leaf, John McEachin, Mitchell Taubman, Tristram Smith, Sandra L Harris, B J Freeman, Toby Mountjoy, Tracee Parker, Todd Streff, Fred R Volkmar, Andi Waks
In 2014, the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB®) initiated a program for credentialing behavior technicians. The new credential, Registered Behavior Technician™ (RBT®), is for providers of behavioral intervention to a wide range of individuals with mental health needs and developmental delays, including individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The RBT® would represent the entry-level position within the range of the BACB® credentials. Despite the increasing acceptance of this newest level of credential from the behavioral community, the authors of this paper have substantial concerns with the RBT® credential as it relates to the delivery of intervention to individuals diagnosed with ASD...
June 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630818/ethical-considerations-for-interdisciplinary-collaboration-with-prescribing-professionals
#20
Mindy K Newhouse-Oisten, Kimberly M Peck, Alissa A Conway, Jessica E Frieder
Behavior analysts often work as part of an interdisciplinary team, and different team members may prescribe different interventions for a single client. One such intervention that is commonly encountered is a change in medication. Changes in medication regimens have the potential to alter behavior in a number of ways. As such, it is important for all team members to be aware of every intervention and to consider how different interventions may interact with each other. These facts make regular and clear communication among team members vital for treatment success...
June 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
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