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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430545/effects-of-motivation-rewarding-hackers-for-undetected-attacks-cause-analysts-to-perform-poorly
#1
Zahid Maqbool, Nidhi Makhijani, V S Chandrasekhar Pammi, Varun Dutt
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine how monetary motivations influence decision making of humans performing as security analysts and hackers in a cybersecurity game. BACKGROUND: Cyberattacks are increasing at an alarming rate. As cyberattacks often cause damage to existing cyber infrastructures, it is important to understand how monetary rewards may influence decision making of hackers and analysts in the cyber world. Currently, only limited attention has been given to this area...
May 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418263/systematic-bias-in-predictions-of-new-drugs-budget-impact-analysis-of-a-sample-of-recent-us-drug-launches
#2
Michael S Broder, Jenelle M Zambrano, Jackie Lee, Richard S Marken
OBJECTIVE: Expectations about the budget impact of new drug launches may affect payer behavior and ultimately consumer costs. Therefore, we evaluated the accuracy of pre-launch US budget impact estimates for a sample of new drugs. METHODS: We searched for publicly available budget impact estimates made pre-launch for drugs approved in the US from 1(st) September 2010 to 1(st) September 2015 and compared them to actual sales. Accuracy was calculated as the ratio of pre-launch estimate to actual sales...
April 18, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408014/cost-effectiveness-thresholds-in-global-health-taking-a-multisectoral-perspective
#3
Michelle Remme, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Anna Vassall
Good health is a function of a range of biological, environmental, behavioral, and social factors. The consumption of quality health care services is therefore only a part of how good health is produced. Although few would argue with this, the economic framework used to allocate resources to optimize population health is applied in a way that constrains the analyst and the decision maker to health care services. This approach risks missing two critical issues: 1) multiple sectors contribute to health gain and 2) the goods and services produced by the health sector can have multiple benefits besides health...
April 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371546/surface-imprinted-magnetic-nanoparticles-for-the-selective-enrichment-and-fast-separation-of-fluoroquinolones-in-human-serum
#4
Liming Su, Yulong Jin, Yanyan Huang, Rui Zhao
Surface enrofloxacin-imprinted magnetic nanoparticles were prepared for the selective recognition and fast separation of fluoroquinolones in human serum by surface-initiated reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer polymerization. The surface morphology and imprinted behavior were investigated and optimized. The living/controlled nature of reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer polymerization reaction allowed the successful construction of well-defined imprinted polymer layer outside the Fe3 O4 core...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352506/blurred-lines-ethical-implications-of-social-media-for-behavior-analysts
#5
Patrick N O'Leary, Megan M Miller, Melissa L Olive, Amanda N Kelly
Social networking has a long list of advantages: it enables access to a large group of people that would otherwise not be geographically convenient or possible to connect with; it reaches several different generations, particularly younger ones, which are not typically involved in discussion of current events; and these sites allow a cost effective, immediate, and interactive way to engage with others. With the vast number of individuals who use social media sites as a way to connect with others, it may not be possible to completely abstain from discussions and interactions on social media that pertain to our professional practice...
March 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352503/maintaining-staff-performance-following-a-training-intervention-suggestions-from-a-30-year-case-example
#6
Dennis H Reid, Marsha B Parsons, Joyce M Jensen
A frequent challenge encountered by behavior analysts in human service agencies is maintaining effects of their training interventions with agency staff. A case example is provided to illustrate how effects of a staff training intervention initiated by a behavior analyst maintained for an extended period in a center-based program for adolescents and adults with severe disabilities. The process involved the behavior analyst working closely with the program supervisor and a professional staff member in a collaborative team approach to increase involvement of center participants in functional (vs...
March 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338839/alternative-approaches-to-assessing-nonresponse-bias-in-longitudinal-survey-estimates-an-application-to-substance-use-outcomes-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states
#7
Brady Thomas West, Sean Esteban McCabe
We evaluated alternative approaches to assessing and correcting for nonresponse bias in a longitudinal survey. We considered the changes in substance-use outcomes over a 3-year period among young adults aged 18-24 years (n = 5,199) in the United States, analyzing data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. This survey collected a variety of substance-use information from a nationally representative sample of US adults in 2 waves: 2001-2002 and 2004-2005. We first considered nonresponse rates in the second wave as a function of key substance-use outcomes in wave 1...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314059/deterrence-and-risk-preferences-in-sequential-attacker-defender-games-with-continuous-efforts
#8
Vineet M Payyappalli, Jun Zhuang, Victor Richmond R Jose
Most attacker-defender games consider players as risk neutral, whereas in reality attackers and defenders may be risk seeking or risk averse. This article studies the impact of players' risk preferences on their equilibrium behavior and its effect on the notion of deterrence. In particular, we study the effects of risk preferences in a single-period, sequential game where a defender has a continuous range of investment levels that could be strategically chosen to potentially deter an attack. This article presents analytic results related to the effect of attacker and defender risk preferences on the optimal defense effort level and their impact on the deterrence level...
March 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282239/the-role-of-teamwork-in-the-analysis-of-big-data-a-study-of-visual-analytics-and-box-office-prediction
#9
Verica Buchanan, Yafeng Lu, Nathan McNeese, Michael Steptoe, Ross Maciejewski, Nancy Cooke
Historically, domains such as business intelligence would require a single analyst to engage with data, develop a model, answer operational questions, and predict future behaviors. However, as the problems and domains become more complex, organizations are employing teams of analysts to explore and model data to generate knowledge. Furthermore, given the rapid increase in data collection, organizations are struggling to develop practices for intelligence analysis in the era of big data. Currently, a variety of machine learning and data mining techniques are available to model data and to generate insights and predictions, and developments in the field of visual analytics have focused on how to effectively link data mining algorithms with interactive visuals to enable analysts to explore, understand, and interact with data and data models...
March 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113667/how-progressive-visualizations-affect-exploratory-analysis
#10
Emanuel Zgraggen, Alex Galakatos, Andrew Crotty, Jean-Daniel Fekete, Tim Kraska
The stated goal for visual data exploration is to operate at a rate that matches the pace of human data analysts, but the ever increasing amount of data has led to a fundamental problem: datasets are often too large to process within interactive time frames. Progressive analytics and visualizations have been proposed as potential solutions to this issue. By processing data incrementally in small chunks, progressive systems provide approximate query answers at interactive speeds that are then refined over time with increasing precision...
September 9, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078664/behavior-analysts-in-the-war-on-poverty-a-review-of-the-use-of-financial-incentives-to-promote-education-and-employment
#11
REVIEW
August F Holtyn, Brantley P Jarvis, Kenneth Silverman
Poverty is a pervasive risk factor underlying poor health. Many interventions that have sought to reduce health disparities associated with poverty have focused on improving health-related behaviors of low-income adults. Poverty itself could be targeted to improve health, but this approach would require programs that can consistently move poor individuals out of poverty. Governments and other organizations in the United States have tested a diverse range of antipoverty programs, generally on a large scale and in conjunction with welfare reform initiatives...
January 2017: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012460/a-new-high-resolution-3-d-quantitative-method-for-identifying-bone-surface-modifications-with-implications-for-the-early-stone-age-archaeological-record
#12
Michael C Pante, Matthew V Muttart, Trevor L Keevil, Robert J Blumenschine, Jackson K Njau, Stephen R Merritt
Bone surface modifications have become important indicators of hominin behavior and ecology at prehistoric archaeological sites. However, the method by which we identify and interpret these marks remains largely unchanged despite decades of research, relying on qualitative criteria and lacking standardization between analysts. Recently, zooarchaeologists have begun using new technologies capable of capturing 3-D data from bone surface modifications to advance our knowledge of these informative traces. However, an important step in this research has been overlooked and after years of work, we lack both a universal and replicable protocol and an understanding of the precision of these techniques...
January 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920965/an-evaluation-of-the-impact-of-supervision-intensity-supervisor-qualifications-and-caseload-on-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Dennis R Dixon, Erik Linstead, Doreen Granpeesheh, Marlena N Novack, Ryan French, Elizabeth Stevens, Laura Stevens, Alva Powell
Ample research has shown the benefits of intensive applied behavior analysis (ABA) treatment for autism spectrum disorder (ASD); research that investigates the role of treatment supervision, however, is limited. The present study examined the relationship between mastery of learning objectives and supervision hours, supervisor credentials, years of experience, and caseload in a large sample of children with ASD (N = 638). These data were retrieved from a large archival database of children with ASD receiving community-based ABA services...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920964/the-apprentice-an-innovative-approach-to-meet-the-behavior-analysis-certification-board-s-supervision-standards
#14
Breanne K Hartley, William T Courtney, Mary Rosswurm, Vincent J LaMarca
The Behavior Analysis Certification Board continues to increase the standards for supervision of trainees, which is needed in order for the field to continually improve. However, this presents a challenge for organizations to meet the needs of both their clients and their supervisees based on these increasing standards. Throughout the ages, experts in all trades have passed along their knowledge and skill through apprenticeship opportunities. An apprenticeship supervision model is described that allows Board Certified Behavior Analysts to supervise future behavior analysts by mentoring, educating, and training supervisees on the science of human behavior in a format that is mutually beneficial...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920963/the-benefits-of-group-supervision-and-a-recommended-structure-for-implementation
#15
Amber L Valentino, Linda A LeBlanc, Tyra P Sellers
Effective supervision practices can facilitate the professional development of the supervisee, the continued growth of the supervisor, and the overall development of our field and its practice. In addition to individual supervision, many aspiring certificants also participate in group supervision experiences either as part of their academic practicum or as part of a supervised independent fieldwork experience. Group supervision can provide unique opportunities to establish critical professional repertoires such as peer feedback skills and public speaking skills...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920962/recommendations-for-detecting-and-addressing-barriers-to-successful-supervision
#16
Tyra P Sellers, Linda A LeBlanc, Amber L Valentino
Behavior analysts who supervise staff are responsible for establishing a healthy supervisory relationship and for teaching basic behavior analytic skills (e.g., verbal repertoires, technical repertoires, clinical decision-making). In addition, supervisors should prepare their supervisees to succeed in their subsequent professional activities by developing their interpersonal skills and professionalism repertoires. Difficulties in the supervisor relationship and problematic personal and professional skills often become the focus of targeted supervision efforts after the effects of deficits (e...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920961/taking-full-responsibility-the-ethics-of-supervision-in-behavior-analytic-practice
#17
Tyra P Sellers, Shahla Alai-Rosales, Rebecca P F MacDonald
The supervision of professionals in the field of behavior analysis is multifaceted. The BACB® Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysis provides guidance for effective supervisory practices, as supervision impacts both the supervisee and the consumers. The purpose of this article is (1) to discuss rationales and consequences relative to supervision issues, (2) to provide directions for professional development in each of the seven identified supervisory areas within the code, and (3) to set the occasion for critical discourse relative to supervision...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920960/towards-a-competency-based-ethical-and-socially-valid-approach-to-the-supervision-of-applied-behavior-analytic-trainees
#18
Laura B Turner, Aaron J Fischer, James K Luiselli
Competency-based supervision of trainees has recently come to the forefront of behavior analytic practice; however, there are minimal data to support the effectiveness of various supervision practices on trainee outcomes. Accordingly, this paper is intended to spark further discussion and research activity regarding the supervision of those seeking to become Board Certified Behavior Analysts (BCBA). We present a practice model and considerations for supervising applied behavior analytic trainees consistent with the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) Supervisor Training Curriculum Outline (Behavior Analyst Certification Board, 2012b), the Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysts (Behavior Analyst Certification Board, 2014), and extant literature from behavior analysis and related fields...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920959/recommended-practices-for-individual-supervision-of-aspiring-behavior-analysts
#19
Tyra P Sellers, Amber L Valentino, Linda A LeBlanc
Practicing behavior analysts and behavior analysts in academic settings often provide supervision for young professionals who are pursuing certification as a behavior analyst. Effective supervision is critical to the quality of ongoing behavioral services, the professional development of the supervisee, the continued growth of the supervisor, and the overall development of our field and its practice. The Behavior Analyst Certification Board recently instituted several new requirements including training in supervisory practices prior to supervising those who are accruing hours toward the experience requirement for certification...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920958/refining-supervisory-practices-in-the-field-of-behavior-analysis-introduction-to-the-special-section-on-supervision
#20
Linda A LeBlanc, James K Luiselli
The rapid growth in the number of behavior analysts and aspiring behavior analysts creates an imperative for effective and efficient supervisory practices. Many behavior analysts receive little to no explicit instruction and mentoring in supervision practices while they are in training themselves. Those behavior analysts may then be expected to provide supervision for a range of individuals soon after graduation and certification and throughout the remainder of their career. The papers included in this special issue offer guidance for establishing and maintaining supervisory relationships, understanding the importance of each of the ethical guidelines for supervision, structuring group supervision experiences, managing problems that can arise during the course of a supervisory relationship, and arranging models of supervision within human service organizations...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
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