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Urinary incontinence

Francesco Plotti, Roberto Montera, Corrado Terranova, Daniela Luvero, Francesca Marrocco, Andrea Miranda, Alessandra Gatti, Carlo De Cicco Nardone, Roberto Angioli, Giuseppe Scaletta
OBJECTIVE: Implantation of bulking agents represents a noninvasive procedure for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in all patients where a more invasive procedure may increase perioperative risks. The primary aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the efficacy over time of bulking agent implantation. As secondary aims, we evaluated long-term (patients' subjective) satisfaction rate, rate of de novo urinary symptoms, and the impact of urinary incontinence on the quality of life...
March 19, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Xinyue Zhang, Lichao Sun, Li Cui, Weihong Lin
Background Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is the most common cause of death in people with epilepsy. The pathogenesis of SUDEP is still unclear. The majority of SUDEP cases occur in intractable epilepsy, especially in the aftermath of a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. We report an atypical SUDEP case with infrequent seizures in frontal lobe epilepsy. Case Report A 14-year-old girl presented with a 13-year history of paroxysmal convulsions. She experienced three episodes within 6-10 months after birth...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Ozan Dogan, Alper Basbug, Aski Ellibes Kaya, Cigdem Pulatoglu, Murat Yassa
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of needleless mini-sling placed either retropubic (U-shape) or trans-obturator (hammock-shape) to treat stress urinary incontinence. SETTING: One hundred and twenty six women were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive hammock-shaped or U-shaped of Contasure-NDL. METHODS: All surgical procedures were performed by one senior surgeon experienced in anti-incontinence surgery with mesh. Cough-stress test was considered for objective outcome...
March 19, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
L Barbosa, D Kühni, D Vasconcelos, E Sales, G Lima, M Santos, A Lemos
STUDY OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the factors associated with urinary incontinence (UI) in pregnant adolescents. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: a case-control study was conducted in three Brazilian public hospitals. Adolescents between the ages of 10 and 19 with gestational age of 27 weeks or more were included. The sample size was calculated using the Open-epi 3.01 program considering gestational obesity as an associated factor. The resulting sample consisted of 658 volunteers, 329 in the case group (with UI) and 329 in the control group (without UI)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Mahir Maruf, Matthew Kasprenski, John Jayman, Seth D Goldstein, Karl Benz, Timothy Baumgartner, John P Gearhart
INTRODUCTION: Cloacal exstrophy (CE) is a severe midline congenital abnormality that requires numerous surgical corrections to achieve an acceptable quality of life. Candidates for urinary continence undergo multiple procedures, most often continent bladder diversions, to become socially dry. Here, the authors investigate the number of genitourinary interventions that patients with CE undergo to attain urinary continence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of 1311 exstrophy epispadias complex patients was performed...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Thais Regina de Mattos Lourenco, Priscila Katsumi Matsuoka, Edmund Chada Baracat, Jorge Milhem Haddad
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: People are increasingly aware of healthy lifestyles. Extenuating practice can injure the pelvic floor. Urinary incontinence (UI) is a prevalent condition in women whether they exercise professionally or not. The most common symptom is stress UI. It is reported in a large variety of sports and may interfere with everyday life or training, leading athletes to change or compromise their performance or risk compromising it. We aimed to assess the prevalence of UI in female athletes and to determine whether the type of sport might also influence UI...
March 19, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Dorota Talarska, Sławomir Tobis, Marta Kotkowiak, Magdalena Strugała, Joanna Stanisławska, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis
BACKGROUND The ageing of population is the reason that there are various strategies developed to help seniors acquire greater independence and a better quality of life. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the elderly peope's need for assistance and assessed quality of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 100 participants who were members of a Seniors Club in Poznań, Poland. The cross-sectional study utilized the following instruments: Abbreviated Mental Test Score (AMTS), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), EASY-Care Standard 2010 questionnaire, (WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire...
March 19, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Toscane C Noordhoff, Jan Groen, Jeroen R Scheepe, Bertil F M Blok
CONTEXT: Surgical treatment of anatomic bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) may be indicated in males with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. A bothersome complication after surgery is urinary incontinence. OBJECTIVE: To identify the optimal practice in the surgical treatment of anatomic BOO in males with neurogenic bladder dysfunction, due to multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, spinal cord injury (SCI), spina bifida, or cerebrovascular accident (CVA). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement...
March 15, 2018: European Urology Focus
A Gevorgyan, J-F Hétet, M Robert, V Duchattelle-Dussaule, L Corno, I Boulay, H Baumert
OBJECTIVE: To study the oncologic and functional results of salvage cryotherapy after failure of external radiotherapy and brachytherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients treated by total salvage cryotherapy (3rd generation) in 2 centers (Groupe Hospitalier Saint-Joseph in Paris and Clinique Jule-Verne Nantes) in between January 2008 and April 2016 were included. The biochemical recurrence-free survival (BRFS) was calculated using the Phoenix criteria (PSA>nadir+2ng/mL)...
March 15, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
Bridget Linehan Logan, Lynn Foster-Johnson, Eleni Zotos
BACKGROUND: A collection of studies have demonstrated that approximately one-third of female nulliparous athletes experience urinary incontinence during their athletic activities. Contributing factors of incontinence that have thus far been the focus of study include type of sport, duration and intensity of athletic activity, use of hormonal contraception, and weight. There has, as yet, been a notable underemphasis on several other factors which influence incontinence, including bowel pattern, urinary habits, and menstrual status...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Ozan Dogan, Aski Ellibes Kaya, Cigdem Pulatoglu, Alper Basbug, Murat Yassa
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: There is a shortage of reliable data on the efficiency of the under-investigated mini-slings to treat stress urinary incontinence (SUI). We aimed to compare the effectiveness of the single-incision needleless mini-sling (SIMS) with the transobturator inside-out mid-urethral sling (TOT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred one women with clinically proven SUI were included in this single-center prospective randomized trial. The patients were randomly allocated to the groups...
March 16, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Thais Villela Peterson, Rodrigo Ambar Pinto, G Willy Davila, Sérgio Carlos Nahas, Edmund Chada Baracat, Jorge Milhem Haddad
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The Pelvic Floor Bother Questionnaire (PFBQ) was designed to identify the presence and degree of bother associated with common pelvic floor symptoms. The PFBQ can be used in clinical practice and for research purposes, but it is not available in Brazilian Portuguese. We aimed to validate a cross-culturally adapted Brazilian Portuguese version of the PFBQ. METHODS: A pilot-tested version of the PFBQ translated from English was evaluated with Brazilian patients suffering from pelvic floor disorders...
March 16, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Fabien Vidal, Franck Léonard, Benoit André, Paul Guerby, Olivier Jourdain
PURPOSE: To compare mid-term anatomical and functional outcomes following laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LS) between women under and over 65. METHODS: Prospective and observational study involving patients with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (POP) undergoing LS. Study population was stratified according to patients' age at the time of surgery. POP symptoms and impact on quality of life were assessed by PFIQ-7 and PFDI-20 questionnaires at baseline and during follow-up...
March 15, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Arnav Srivastava, Gregory A Joice, Hiten D Patel, Madeleine G Manka, Nikolai A Sopko, E James Wright
BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of patients receiving an artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) require surgical revision after initial placement. However, the literature is heterogeneous regarding the leading causes of AUS failure and appropriate surgical management. OBJECTIVE: To inform a revision approach by tabulating the causes of AUS failure, assessing AUS component survival, and examining the single-component revision efficacy. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We retrospectively reviewed 168 patients receiving AUS placements carried out by a single surgeon from 2008 to 2016 at a high-volume academic institution...
March 12, 2018: European Urology Focus
Kyle Scarberry, José Bonomo, Reynaldo G Gómez
OBJECTIVES: To compare outcomes with early versus delayed reconstruction following pelvic fracture urethral injury (PFUI) to determine if a traditional 3-month delay is necessary. This delay has been advocated to allow resolution of traumatic inflammation and hematoma but has never been validated. We proceed to reconstruction at 3-6 weeks if the associated injuries are stable, the perineum is soft on rectal palpation, and the fracture is stable for lithotomy positioning. METHODS: PFUI patients treated with a suprapubic tube and delayed urethroplasty from October 1991 to August 2016 were included...
March 12, 2018: Urology
Aylin Aydın Sayılan, Ayfer Özbaş
The aim of the current study was to determine the effect of pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME/Kegel) training administered to patients scheduled for robot-assisted radical prostatectomy on postprocedural incontinence problems. This study was a randomized controlled trial. Pelvic floor muscle exercises were applied to the procedure group three times a day for 6 months. No exercises were applied to the control group. Incontinence and quality-of-life assessments of the 60 patients in the experimental and control groups were performed on months 0 (10 days after removal of the urinary catheter), 1, 3, and 6 through face-to-face and telephone interviews...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Alan J Wein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Urology
Darlene Mara Dos Santos Tavares, Alisson Fernandes Bolina, Flavia Aparecida Dias, Pollyana Cristina Dos Santos Ferreira, Nilce Maria de Freitas Santos
This study aimed to verify the association of overweight with functional disability, self-reported morbidities and quality of life (QoL) among rural elderly dwellers. This is a domestic and cross-sectional survey conducted in the rural region of a municipality of Southeast Brazil. Three hundred seventy non-overweight elderly people and 192 overweight elderly people were evaluated with the following tools: semi-structured; Katz and Lawton and scales; World Health Organization Quality of Life - BREF and World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment for Older Adults...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Francesco Plotti, Corrado Terranova, Stella Capriglione, Stefania Crispino, Alessandra Li Pomi, Carlo de Cicco Nardone, Roberto Montera, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Roberto Angioli, Giuseppe Scaletta
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term quality of life and urinary and sexual function in long-term cervical cancer survivors previously treated with radical hysterectomy (RH) type C2/type III. METHODS: All patients who presented at Campus Bio-Medico of Rome for RH type C2/type III for cervical cancer were considered eligible for this retrospective study protocol. We included exclusively patients with complete response to primary treatment with at least 36 months of follow up...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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