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Urinary incontinence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779185/predictive-role-of-measurement-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-thickness-with-static-mri-in-stress-and-mixed-urinary-incontinence
#1
Levent Yaşar, Serpil Ortakuz Telci, Keziban Doğan, Eyüp Kaya, Murat Ekin
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the role of measuring the thickness of pelvic floor muscles with static MRI in the physiopathology of urinary incontinence in women with stress and mixed types of urinary incontinence diagnosed with urodynamic studies. METHODS: A retrospective clinical study was designed in collaboration with the radiology department. We recruited only patients who had undergone static pelvic MRI to determine the etiology of pelvic pain and exclude gynecologic disorders...
May 19, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778086/pelvic-floor-physical-therapy-and-women-s-health-promotion
#2
REVIEW
Samantha Lawson, Ashley Sacks
Pelvic floor dysfunction is defined as abnormal function of the pelvic floor and includes conditions that can have significant adverse impacts on a woman's quality of life, including urinary incontinence (stress, urge, and mixed), fecal incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, sexual dysfunction, diastasis recti abdominis, pelvic girdle pain, and chronic pain syndromes. Women's health care providers can screen for, identify, and treat pelvic floor dysfunction. This article examines the case of a woman with multiple pelvic-floor-related problems and presents the evidence for the use of pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) for pregnancy-related pelvic floor dysfunction...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777787/patency-and-incontinence-rates-after-robotic-bladder-neck-reconstruction-for-vesicourethral-anastomotic-stenosis-and-recalcitrant-bladder-neck-contractures-the-turns-experience
#3
Eric J Kirshenbaum, Lee C Zhao, Jeremy B Myers, Sean P Elliott, Alex J Vanni, Nima Baradaran, Bradley A Erickson, Jill C Buckley, Bryan B Voelzke, Michael A Granieri, Stephen J Summers, Benjamin N Breyer, Atreya Dash, Aaron Weinberg, Nejd F Alsikafi
OBJECTIVE: To review a robotic approach to recalcitrant bladder neck obstruction and assess success and incontinence rates. METHODS: Patients with a recalcitrant bladder neck contracture or vesicourethral anastomotic stenosis who underwent robotic bladder neck reconstruction (RBNR) were identified. We reviewed patient demographics, medical history, etiology, previous endoscopic management, cystoscopic and symptomatic outcomes, urinary continence and complications...
May 16, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776405/adjustable-single-incision-mini-slings-ajust%C3%A2-versus-other-slings-in-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-meta-analysis-of-effectiveness-and-complications
#4
Fuding Bai, Jimin Chen, Zhewei Zhang, Yichun Zheng, Jiaming Wen, Xiawa Mao, Nan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Adjustable single-incision mini-sling (SIMS) is a new category of SIMS for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of adjustable single-incision mini-sling with other slings. METHODS: Literature search in databases such as Pubmed, and Conchrane Library was performed up to December, 2015. The outcomes including cure rate, operation time, postoperative pain score and complications were reanalyzed...
May 18, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774819/midurethral-slings
#5
Joao P Zambon, Catherine Ann Matthews, Gopal H Badlani
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common symptom affecting almost one-third of adult women. UI can occur because of hypermobility or intrinsic sphincter deficiency of the urethra. Regardless its etiology, it is associated with poor quality of life and most of the incontinent women develop symptoms such as anxiety, depression, and social isolation over time. The synthetic midurethral sling (MUS) was first introduced in 1995 and quickly became the gold standard treatment for women with stress UI because of intrinsic sphincter deficiency and/or urethral hypermobility...
May 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770312/state-of-the-art-of-prostatic-arterial-embolization-for-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#6
REVIEW
Mario Petrillo, Filippo Pesapane, Enrico Maria Fumarola, Ilaria Emili, Marzia Acquasanta, Francesca Patella, Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Umberto G Rossi, Igor Piacentini, Antonio Maria Granata, Anna Maria Ierardi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Prostatectomy via open surgery or transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is the standard treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Several patients present contraindication for standard approach, individuals older than 60 years with urinary tract infection, strictures, post-operative pain, incontinence or urinary retention, sexual dysfunction, and blood loss are not good candidates for surgery. Prostatic artery embolization (PAE) is emerging as a viable method for patients unsuitable for surgery...
April 2018: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769482/aetiological-factors-of-female-genitourinary-fistula
#7
F Z Aalpona, M Kamrul-Hasan, F Islam, S Hossain, S Akter, K F Ananya
The purpose of this observational cross-sectional study was to evaluate the histories of women with urinary incontinence caused by genitourinary fistulae in Bangladesh. This is an exploratory analysis to investigate possible contributing factors to the development of urogenital fistulae. Sixty four (64) women who were treated for urogenital fistulae at the National Fistula Center, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh were interviewed from July 2013 to December 2013. Their average age was 35.91 years; majorities were illiterate; had early marriage and came from poor family...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769420/stress-urinary-incontinent-women-the-influence-of-age-and-hormonal-status-on-estrogen-receptor-alpha-and-beta-gene-expression-and-protein-immunoexpression-in-paraurethral-tissues
#8
A Adamiak-Godlewska, R Tarkowski, I Winkler, K Romanek-Piva, K Skorupska, A J Jakimiuk, T Rechberger
The underlying cause of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is an anatomical abnormality associated with paraurethral connective tissue dysfunction. The question as to whether estrogens affect the quality of that tissue remains unexplained. Samples of paraurethral connective tissue from 81 women were examined (the SUI's n = 49; the control's n = 32). In both groups, the patients were subdivided into pre- and postmenopausals. Primary study outcome was comparison of the estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and the estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) gene and protein in paraurethral tissue between SUI and control group...
February 2018: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769252/frequency-of-non-motor-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease-presenting-to-tertiary-care-centre-in-pakistan-an-observational-cross-sectional-study
#9
Shahid Mukhtar, Rashid Imran, Mohsin Zaheer, Huma Tariq
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of non-motor symptoms (NMS) in patients of Parkinson's disease (PD) presenting to a movement disorder clinic at a tertiary care centre in Pakistan, and how frequency of NMS is different in male and female patients. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary care centre. PARTICIPANTS: Out of 102 patients, 85 were included. Inclusion criteria were patients with PD diagnosed according to the UK Parkinson's Disease Society Brain Bank Clinical Diagnostic Criteria, age ≥18 years, able to give consent and have no difficulty in answering questions...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768372/technologies-for-participatory-medicine-and-health-promotion-in-the-elderly-population
#10
Laura Nieto-Riveiro, Betania Groba, M Carmen Miranda, Patricia Concheiro, Alejandro Pazos, Thais Pousada, Javier Pereira
INTRODUCTION: The progressive aging of the population is a socio-demographic phenomenon experienced by most countries in the world in recent decades, especially in Japan and in many European Union countries. During this process, so-called "geriatric syndromes" frequently occur. The focus of this study is the quality of life of the elderly in relation to these 3 factors: risk of falls, urinary incontinence, and insomnia. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose is to determine the impact of a multifactorial intervention program implemented with institutionalized elderly people...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767449/outcomes-of-intradetrusor-onabotulinum-toxin-a-injection-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Gregory Vurture, Benoit Peyronnet, Andrew Feigin, Milton C Biagioni, Rebecca Gilbert, Nirit Rosenblum, Steven Frucht, Alessandro Di Rocco, Victor W Nitti, Benjamin M Brucker
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of intradetrusor onabotulinum toxin A injections for the treatment of overactive bladder (OAB) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: All PD patients who underwent intradetrusor injections of onabotulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) for storage symptoms between 2010 and 2017 were included in a retrospective study. A 100 U dose of BoNT-A (Botox®, Allergan Irvine, CA) was used for the first injection in all patients...
May 16, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757723/ct-and-mr-imaging-features-of-artificial-urinary-sphincters-penile-prostheses-and-other-devices-in-the-male-lower-genitourinary-tract
#12
Elizabeth T Chorney, Parvati Ramchandani, William I Jaffe, Evan S Siegelman
Urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction are relatively common conditions in the aging male population. Surgical interventions for urinary incontinence include placement of an artificial urinary sphincter (AUS), perineal sling, or sacral nerve stimulator and injections of periurethral bulking agents. Erectile dysfunction can be treated surgically with placement of a penile prosthesis. The complications of these devices can be broadly categorized as device component malposition, malfunction, and infection...
May 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757572/comparison-of-the-kelly-s-plication-and-tot-simultaneously-with-vaginal-hysterectomy-on-the-incontinence-and-sexual-functions
#13
Neslihan Bayramoglu Tepe, Omer Bayrak, Huseyin Caglayan Ozcan, Mete Gurol Ugur, Ilker Seckiner
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of vaginal hysterectomy-anterior/posterior colporrhaphy with Kelly's plication(VH-KP), versus vaginal hysterectomy-anterior/posterior colporrhaphy-transobturator tape(VH-TOT) surgeries on incontinence, quality of life, and sexual functions in patients with pelvic organ prolapse(POP), and concurrent obvious stress urinary incontinence(SUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2013 and 2017, fifty patients treated with VH-KP(n = 25), and VH-TOT(n = 25) due to POP and SUI, were evaluated prospective consecutively...
May 5, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754393/predicting-stress-urinary-incontinence-during-pregnancy-combination-of-pelvic-floor-ultrasound-parameters-and-clinical-factors
#14
Ling Chen, Dan Luo, Xiajuan Yu, Mei Jin, Wenzhi Cai
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a predictive tool that combining pelvic floor ultrasound parameters and clinical factors for stress urinary incontinence during pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 535 women in first or second trimester were included for an interview and transperineal ultrasound assessment from two hospitals. Imaging data sets were analyzed offline to assess for bladder neck vertical position, urethra angles (α, β, and γ angles), hiatal area and bladder neck funneling...
May 12, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754281/multiparity-age-and-overweight-obesity-as-risk-factors-for-urinary-incontinence-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Leila Barbosa, Alessandra Boaviagem, Eduarda Moretti, Andrea Lemos
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Multiparity, age and high body mass index (BMI) are the most widely investigated factors associated with urinary incontinence (UI) during pregnancy. We hypothesized that multiparity, age 35 years or older and high BMI (prepregnancy and during pregnancy) are risk factors for the occurrence of UI in pregnant women. METHODS: Searches were done on MEDLINE/PubMed (1966-2017), LILACS/BIREME (1982-2017), CINAHL/Ebsco (1981-2017) and Scopus/Elsevier (1950-2017)...
May 12, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753954/non-absorbable-and-partially-absorbable-mesh-during-pelvic-organ-prolapse-repair-a-comparison-of-clinical-outcomes
#16
Moon Kyoung Cho, Jong Ho Moon, Chul Hong Kim
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of non-absorbable and partially-absorbable mesh intervention in pelvic organ prolapse. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent transvaginal mesh operation for anterior and apical vaginal prolapse at a single tertiary center from January 2007 to December 2013. RESULTS: The group treated with partially-absorbable mesh showed better objective surgical outcomes than those treated with non-absorbable mesh in 1- and 2-year follow-ups...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753829/the-role-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-in-the-conservative-and-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-does-the-strength-of-the-pelvic-floor-muscles-matter
#17
REVIEW
Anna Maria Lasak, Marjorie Jean-Michel, Phuong Uyen Le, Roshni Durgam, Jessica Harroche
The purpose of this review is to provide an in-depth overview of the role of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) in the management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The definition, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of SUI are described. We review the anatomy of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) and the importance of pelvic floor muscle strength in maintaining urinary continence and establishing normal voiding function. A brief description of the surgical options currently available for SUI and the existing data regarding the role of perioperative PFMT for SUI are included...
May 10, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753213/onabotulinumtoxina-detrusor-injection-improves-female-sexual-function-in-women-with-overactive-bladder-wet-syndrome
#18
Matteo Balzarro, Emanuele Rubilotta, Andrea Braga, Silvia Bassi, Tania Processali, Walter Artibani, Maurizio Serati
OBJECTIVES: The correlation between changes in sexual function and improvements in LUTD in patients treated with OnabotulinumtoxinA (onaBoNT-A) detrusor injection is unclear and limited only to women with neurogenic OAB. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of OnabotulinumtoxinA (onaBoNT-A) injection on sexual function in women undergoing this treatment for idiopathic wet overactive bladder (OAB). STUDY DESIGN: This is a pilot three-center observational study including women affected by idiopathic wet overactive bladder refractory to standard conservative treatments and underwent onaBoNT-A injection...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752141/predictors-of-falls-in-older-survivors-of-breast-and-prostate-cancer-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-medicare-health-outcomes-survey-linkage
#19
Min H Huang, Jennifer Blackwood, Monica Godoshian, Lucinda Pfalzer
OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of falls in older breast and prostate cancer survivors. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyzed population-based Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (SEER-MHOS) linkage. Inclusion criteria were age >65 years at cancer diagnosis, first primary female breast or prostate cancer, cancer staging information available, completion of baseline MHOS during years 2-3 and follow-up MHOS during years 4-5 post-diagnosis, and falls information available...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749768/incontinence-associated-dermatitis-from-a-urinary-incontinence-perspective
#20
Mary Wilson
This article looks at incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) from the perspective of urinary incontinence (UI). IAD is caused by urine remaining on the skin following UI, which has many causes. It therefore should be assessed, treated and either resolved or managed to reduce the risk of IAD or its impact. The skin's anatomy and physiology are discussed and the changes resulting from IAD are explained. Should it occur, IAD can be treated by cleansing, moisturising and protecting the skin as appropriate, thus restoring its previous barrier functions...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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