keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

HRT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421153/breast-cancer-suspicion-in-a-transgender-male-to-female-patient-on-hormone-replacement-therapy-presenting-with-right-breast-mass-breast-cancer-risk-assessment-and-presentation-of-a-rare-lesion
#1
Krystina Tongson, Victoria Konovalova, Naveen Dhawan, Steffi Sharma, Jaya Bahl, Mohammad Masri
There has been an increasing use of hormonal therapy among male-to-female (MtF) transgender individuals. This long-term hormone replacement therapy (HRT) renders MtF individuals a unique patient subgroup in terms of breast cancer risk. This case describes a MtF transgender who presented with a breast lesion concerning for malignancy following hormonal replacement therapy. The patient additionally had a strong family history of breast cancer. Final pathology revealed lobular hyperplasia in the setting of gynecomastia and pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH)...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408389/bazedoxifene-for-hrt
#2
(no author information available yet)
Duavive (Pfizer) is a modified-release formulation of conjugated oestrogens plus bazedoxifene acetate (a selective oestrogen receptor modulator). It is licensed for treatment of oestrogen deficiency symptoms in postmenopausal women with a uterus for whom treatment with progestogen-containing therapy is not appropriate.(1,2) It was licensed by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in 2014 and launched in the UK in July 2016.(1,3) Here, we review the evidence on efficacy and safety of conjugated oestrogens/bazedoxifene and consider its place in the management of symptoms associated with the menopause...
April 2017: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404668/nasalised-distribution-of-peripapillary-retinal-nerve-fibre-layers-in-large-discs
#3
Eun Jung Lee, Jong Chul Han, Changwon Kee
BACKGROUND: To describe the distribution pattern of the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) and major retinal vessel positions in patients with a large disc. METHODS: The medical records of patients with a large disc and those of normal controls were reviewed retrospectively. Comprehensive ophthalmic examinations including Cirrus HD-optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Heidelberg Retinal Tomography III (HRT III) were performed. We divided patients into two groups (large disc group and control group) using an HRT-measured disc size of 2...
April 12, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400890/comparison-of-ethnic-specific-databases-in-heidelberg-retina-tomography-3-to-discriminate-between-early-glaucoma-and-normal-chinese-eyes
#4
Xiu Ling Tan, Sae Cheong Yap, Xiang Li, Leonard W Yip
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of the 3 race-specific normative databases in Heidelberg Retina Tomography (HRT)-3, in differentiating between early glaucomatous and healthy normal Chinese eyes. METHOD: 52 healthy volunteers and 25 glaucoma patients were recruited for this prospective cross-sectional study. All underwent standardized interviews, ophthalmic examination, perimetry and HRT optic disc imaging. Area under the curve (AUC) receiver operating characteristics, sensitivity and specificity were derived to assess the discriminating abilities of the 3 normative databases, for both Moorfields Regression Analysis (MRA) and Glaucoma Probability Score (GPS)...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399039/characterization-of-corneal-involvement-in-eyes-with-mucous-membrane-pemphigoid-by-in-vivo-confocal-microscopy
#5
Tudor C Tepelus, Jianyan Huang, SriniVas R Sadda, Olivia L Lee
PURPOSE: To describe the morphological features of the corneal epithelial layers, subbasal nerve plexus, stroma, and endothelium in patients with mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) as shown by in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). METHODS: Central corneal images were captured from 10 healthy age-matched control eyes and 30 eyes with clinically diagnosed MMP by in vivo laser scanning confocal microscopy (HRT III RCM). Morphological changes of the corneal epithelial layers, stroma, and endothelium, characteristics of corneal nerves, and presence of inflammatory dendritic cells (DCs) were evaluated...
April 10, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398491/pregnancy-and-neonatal-outcomes-following-letrozole-use-in-frozen-thawed-single-embryo-transfer-cycles
#6
T Tatsumi, S C Jwa, A Kuwahara, M Irahara, T Kubota, H Saito
STUDY QUESTION: Are pregnancy and neonatal outcomes following letrozole use comparable with natural and HRT cycles in patients undergoing single frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Letrozole use was significantly associated with higher rates of clinical pregnancy, clinical pregnancy with fetal heart beat and live birth, and with a lower rate of miscarriage, compared with natural and HRT cycles. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Letrozole is the most commonly used aromatase inhibitor for mild ovarian stimulation in ART...
April 7, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394202/improving-biogas-production-from-continuous-co-digestion-of-oily-wastewater-and-waste-activated-sludge-by-hydrodynamic-cavitation-pre-treatment
#7
Nima Habashi, Abolghasem Alighardashi, Artur Mennerich, Nasser Mehrdadi, Ali Torabian
Hydrodynamic cavitation (HC) was evaluated as a pre-treatment for synthetic oily wastewater (OWW) to be co-digested with waste activated sludge (WAS). The main objective of present research was the enhancement of biogas production by application of HC pre-treatment. HC was applied to the OWW and the OWW and WAS were added to a 50 L continuous digestion reactor. As a control system, an identical digestion reactor was set up for co-digestion of the WAS and the OWW without pre-treatment. The reactors were initially filled with inoculum and the hydraulic retention time (HRT) was set to 22 d...
April 10, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384591/serial-completely-stirred-tank-reactors-for-improving-biogas-production-and-substance-degradation-during-anaerobic-digestion-of-corn-stover
#8
YuQian Li, ChunMei Liu, Akiber Chufo Wachemo, HaiRong Yuan, DeXun Zou, YanPing Liu, XiuJin Li
Several completely stirred tank reactors (CSTR) connected in series for anaerobic digestion of corn stover were investigated in laboratory scale. Serial anaerobic digestion systems operated at a total HRT of 40days, and distribution of HRT are 10+30days (HRT10+30d), 20+20days (HRT20+20d), and 30+10days (HRT30+10d) were compared to a conventional one-step CSTR at the same HRT of 40d. The results showed that in HRT10+30d serial system, the process became very unstable at organic load of 50gTS·L(-1). The HRT20+20d and HRT30+10d serial systems improved methane production by 8...
March 11, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384095/age-specific-indicators-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-and-postmenopausal-breast-cancer
#9
Kathleen M McClain, Lauren E McCullough, Patrick T Bradshaw, Sumitra Shantakumar, Mary Beth Terry, Alfred I Neugut, Marilie D Gammon
INTRODUCTION: Modifiable lifestyle factors have been consistently associated with breast cancer, and risk may vary by menopausal status. However, whether these associations vary according to age among postmenopausal women remains unresolved. METHODS: Using postmenopausal women from a population-based case-control study (990 cases and 1006 frequency-matched controls), we conducted multivariable-adjusted unconditional logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for lifestyle factors (lifetime alcohol intake, body mass index [BMI] in the year before diagnosis, lifetime recreational physical activity [RPA], and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use) in association with breast cancer stratified by age (<65 vs...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383429/is-the-oral-contraceptive-or-hormone-replacement-therapy-a-risk-factor-for-cholelithiasis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Siqi Wang, Yuqiong Wang, Jinming Xu, Yuxin Chen
BACKGROUND: Association between exogenous estrogen intake and cholelithiasis risk has been reported in several epidemiological studies, including oral contraceptive (OC) and hormone replacement therapy (HRT), while the results were controversial. This study aimed to perform a comprehensive meta-analysis of this issue. METHODS: PUBMED, EMBASE, and Cochrane library database were searched up to October 2016. Two reviewers independently extracted data from eligible studies, relative risks (RRs), and/or odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for the highest versus lowest categories of intake were adopted...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379474/effect-of-combined-hormonal-replacement-therapy-on-the-aldosterone-renin-ratio-in-postmenopausal-women
#11
Ashraf H Ahmed, Richard D Gordon, Gregory Ward, Martin Wolley, Brett C McWhinney, Jacobus P Ungerer, Michael Stowasser
Background: Plasma aldosterone/renin ratio (ARR) is the most popular screening test for primary aldosteronism (PA). Because both estrogen and progesterone (including in oral contraceptive agents) affect aldosterone and renin levels, we studied effects of combined hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) on ARR, measuring renin as both direct renin concentration (DRC) and plasma renin activity (PRA). Methods: Fifteen normotensive, healthy postmenopausal women underwent measurement (seated, midmorning) of plasma aldosterone, DRC, PRA, electrolytes and creatinine and urinary aldosterone, cortisol, electrolytes and creatinine at baseline and after 2 weeks and 6 weeks treatment with combined HRT (conjugated oestrogens 0...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378558/common-causes-of-postmenopausal-bleeding-in-korean-women-10-year-outcomes-from-a-single-medical-center
#12
Min Kyoung Kim, Yeon Soo Jung, Seung Joo Chon, Bo Hyon Yun, Sihyun Cho, Young Sik Choi, Byung Seok Lee, Seok Kyo Seo
The common causes of postmenopausal bleeding (PMB), according to the data from the western world, are atrophy, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), endometrial cancer, etc. We conducted a retrospective study to assess whether the causes of PMB in Korean postmenopausal women are similar to those already known. This retrospective study used 10-year medical records (March 2005 to December 2014) of 792 PMB women in the Yonsei University Health System. The data were divided into 2 categories by 5-year intervals to compare the differences between the 2 periods...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376481/use-of-hormone-replacement-in-females-with-endocrine-disorders
#13
Sophie Christin-Maitre
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is necessary in adolescents with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) in order to avoid estrogen deficiency. The goal of this minirewiew is to present the different types of estrogens (17β-estradiol, estradiol valerate, ethinyl estradiol, and combined equine estrogens) as well as the different types of progestins available. In order to choose among the different types of HRTs, the features of each regimen are being discussed as well as their risks and their respective benefits...
April 4, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376394/co-metabolic-enhancement-of-organic-removal-from-waste-water-in-the-presence-of-high-levels-of-alkyl-paraben-constituents-of-cosmetic-and-personal-care-products
#14
Chihhao Fan, Shin-Chih Wang
The enhanced removal of organic material from municipal waste water containing 50 mg/L of chemical oxygen demand and a given amount of alkyl paraben using a biofilm system was investigated. The parabens used were methyl, ethyl, and propyl paraben. The experiments were conducted at influent paraben concentrations of 10 and 50 mg/L. The influent pH was measured around 4.6 because of paraben hydrolysis. The effluent pH increased due to hydrogen consumption and small molecular acid generation. The higher removal rates were observed for the paraben with longer alkyl chains, which were more hydrophobic and capable of penetrating into microbial cells...
March 29, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373472/prognostic-value-of-prepectoral-edema-in-mr-mammography
#15
Clemens G Kaiser, Michael Herold, Julia Krammer, Pascal Baltzer, Mieczyslaw Gajda, Oumar Camara, Stefan Schoenberg, Werner A Kaiser, Matthias Dietzel
BACKGROUND/AIM: Previous studies have indicated a highly significant correlation between invasive tumors and accompanying prepectoral edema (PE) in MR-mammography (MRM). The aim of the present study was to identify prognostic factors associated with PE as a diagnostic sign. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,109 consecutive MRM exams were included in this study. Exclusion criteria were previous operation, biopsy, intervention, chemotherapy, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or previous mastitis...
April 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364865/the-effect-of-hormone-replacement-therapy-and-tibolone-on-lipoprotein-a-concentrations-in-postmenopausal-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Panagiotis Anagnostis, Petros Galanis, Vasileia Chatzistergiou, John C Stevenson, Ian F Godsland, Irene Lambrinoudaki, Mamas Theodorou, Dimitrios G Goulis
OBJECTIVE: Data on the effect of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and tibolone on lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)], an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, are heterogeneous and conflicting. Studies of the effect of HRT and tibolone on Lp(a) concentrations in post-menopausal women are reviewed in this meta-analysis. DESIGN AND METHODS: MEDLINE, Scopus, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched (up to February 10, 2017). Two researchers identified randomized controlled studies and extracted data...
May 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364861/laser-therapy-for-the-restoration-of-vaginal-function
#17
REVIEW
Marco Gambacciani, Santiago Palacios
Laser therapy has a therapeutic role in various medical conditions and most recently has gained interest as a non-hormonal treatment for genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) and as a non-invasive option for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Several therapies are available to alleviate GSM symptoms, including hormonal and non-hormonal products. Both microablative fractional CO2 laser and the non-ablative vaginal Er:YAG laser (VEL) induce morphological changes in the vaginal tissues, and data from non-randomized clinical trials suggest that laser therapy can alleviate vaginal dryness and dyspareunia...
May 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364312/physical-and-social-characteristics-and-support-needs-of-adult-female-childhood-cancer-survivors-who-underwent-hormone-replacement-therapy
#18
Akiko Tomioka, Mitsue Maru, Kenichi Kashimada, Hideya Sakakibara
BACKGROUND: Female childhood cancer survivors who develop gonadal dysfunction require female hormone replacement therapy (HRT) from puberty until menopause. However, the support provided in such cases has not been studied. We investigated the physical and social characteristics and support needs of adult female childhood cancer survivors who underwent HRT. METHODS: Forty-nine adult female childhood cancer survivors completed self-administered questionnaires. We compared the clinical characteristics, health status, and social conditions between a group that underwent HRT and a group that did not, and we surveyed support needs of the group that underwent HRT...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363433/improved-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-strength-after-heavy-strength-training-in-very-old-individuals
#19
Rasmus Leidesdorff Bechshøft, Nikolaj Mølkjær Malmgaard-Clausen, Bjørn Gliese, Nina Beyer, Abigail L Mackey, Jesper Løvind Andersen, Michael Kjær, Lars Holm
Age-related loss of muscle mass and function represents personal and socioeconomic challenges. The purpose of this study was to determine the adaptation of skeletal musculature in very old individuals (83+ years) performing 12weeks of heavy resistance training (3×/week) (HRT) compared to a non-training control group (CON). Both groups received similar protein supplementations. We studied 26 participants (86.9±3.2 (SD) (83-94, range) years old) per-protocol. Quadriceps cross-sectional area (CSA) differed between groups at post-test (P<0...
June 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361400/comparison-of-two-modified-coal-ash-ferric-carbon-micro-electrolysis-ceramic-media-for-pretreatment-of-tetracycline-wastewater
#20
Kunlun Yang, Yang Jin, Qinyan Yue, Pin Zhao, Yuan Gao, Suqing Wu, Baoyu Gao
Application of modified sintering ferric-carbon ceramics (SFC) and sintering-free ferric-carbon ceramics (SFFC) based on coal ash and scrap iron for pretreatment of tetracycline (TET) wastewater was investigated in this article. Physical property, morphological character, toxic metal leaching content, and crystal component were studied to explore the application possibility of novel ceramics in micro-electrolysis reactors. The influences of operating conditions including influent pH, hydraulic retention time (HRT), and air-water ratio (A/W) on the removal of tetracycline were studied...
March 30, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
keyword
keyword
48839
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"