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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210628/usefulness-of-sweat-management-for-patients-with-adult-atopic-dermatitis-regardless-of-sweat-allergy-a-pilot-study
#1
Sakae Kaneko, Hiroyuki Murota, Susumu Murata, Ichiro Katayama, Eishin Morita
Background. Sweat is an aggravating factor in atopic dermatitis (AD), regardless of age. Sweat allergy may be involved in AD aggravated by sweating. Objective. We investigated whether sweat exacerbates adult AD symptoms and examined the extent of sweat allergy's involvement. Method. We asked 34 AD patients (17 men, 17 women; mean age: 27.8 years) to record the extent to which sweat aggravated their symptoms on a 10-point numerical scale. Participant responses were compared with histamine release tests (HRT)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208158/epidemiologic-factors-that-predict-long-term-survival-following-a-diagnosis-of-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#2
Shana J Kim, Barry Rosen, Isabel Fan, Anna Ivanova, John R McLaughlin, Harvey Risch, Steven A Narod, Joanne Kotsopoulos
BACKGROUND: Various epidemiologic factors have been shown to influence the risk of ovarian cancer development. Given the high fatality associated with this disease, it is of interest to evaluate the association of prediagnostic hormonal, reproductive, and lifestyle exposures with ovarian cancer-specific survival. METHODS: We included 1421 patients with invasive epithelial ovarian cancer diagnosed in Ontario, Canada. Clinical information was obtained from medical records and prediagnostic exposure information was collected by telephone interview...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195143/aging-and-serum-exomir-content-in-women-effects-of-estrogenic-hormone-replacement-therapy
#3
Reeta Kangas, Timo Törmäkangas, Vidal Fey, Juha Pursiheimo, Ilkka Miinalainen, Markku Alen, Jaakko Kaprio, Sarianna Sipilä, Anna-Marja Säämänen, Vuokko Kovanen, Eija K Laakkonen
Exosomes participate in intercellular messaging by transporting bioactive lipid-, protein- and RNA-molecules and -complexes. The contents of the exosomes reflect the physiological status of an individual making exosomes promising targets for biomarker analyses. In the present study we extracted exosome microRNAs (exomiRs) from serum samples of premenopausal women (n = 8) and monozygotic postmenopausal twins (n = 10 female pairs), discordant for the use of estrogenic hormone replacement therapy (HRT), in order to see whether the age or/and the use of HRT associates with exomiR content...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193312/leukocyte-and-skeletal-muscle-telomere-length-and-body-composition-in-monozygotic-twin-pairs-discordant-for-long-term-hormone-replacement-therapy
#4
Elina Sillanpää, Paula Niskala, Eija K Laakkonen, Elodie Ponsot, Markku Alén, Jaakko Kaprio, Fawzi Kadi, Vuokko Kovanen, Sarianna Sipilä
Estrogen-based hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may be associated with deceleration of cellular aging. We investigated whether long-term HRT has effects on leukocyte (LTL) or mean and minimum skeletal muscle telomere length (SMTL) in a design that controls for genotype and childhood environment. Associations between telomeres, body composition, and physical performance were also examined. Eleven monozygotic twin pairs (age 57.6 ± 1.8 years) discordant for HRT were studied. Mean duration of HRT use was 7.3 ± 3...
February 14, 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191467/effects-of-tibolone-on-the-central-nervous-system-clinical-and-experimental-approaches
#5
REVIEW
Rodolfo Pinto-Almazán, Julia J Segura-Uribe, Eunice D Farfán-García, Christian Guerra-Araiza
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) increases the risk of endometrial and breast cancer. A strategy to reduce this incidence is the use of tibolone (TIB). The aim of this paper was to address the effects of TIB on the central nervous system (CNS). For the present review, MEDLINE (via PubMed), LILACS (via BIREME), Ovid Global Health, SCOPUS, Scielo, and PsycINFO (ProQuest Research Library) electronic databases were searched for the results of controlled clinical trials on peri- and postmenopausal women published from 1990 to September 2016...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189089/biological-h2-potential-harvested-from-complex-gelatinaceous-wastewater-via-attached-versus-suspended-growth-culture-anaerobes
#6
Alsayed Mostafa, Mohamed Elsamadony, Ali El-Dissouky, Amel Elhusseiny, Ahmed Tawfik
The effect of cultural growth treating gelatinaceous wastewater on hydrogen fermentative was assessed using up-flow multi-stage anaerobic sponge reactor (UMASR) and anaerobic sequencing batch reactor (AnSBR). Both reactors were operated at five hydraulic retention times (HRTs). UMASR achieved the maximum COD removal efficiency of 60.2±4.4% at HRT of 48h. Moreover, UMASR exhibited superiority in the course of carbohydrates and proteins removal efficiencies' of 100 and 52.5±2.4% due to high amylase and protease activities' of 4...
January 31, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162762/anaerobic-digestion-of-hemicellulose-hydrolysate-produced-after-hydrothermal-pretreatment-of-sugarcane-bagasse-in-uasb-reactor
#7
Fernanda Resende Ribeiro, Fabiana Passos, Leandro Vinícius Alves Gurgel, Bruno Eduardo Lobo Baêta, Sérgio Francisco de Aquino
In the context of a sugarcane biorefinery, sugarcane bagasse produced may be pretreated generating a solid and liquid fraction. The solid fraction may be used for 2G bioethanol production, while the liquid fraction may be used to produce biogas through anaerobic digestion. The aim of this study consisted in evaluating the anaerobic digestion performance of hemicellulose hydrolysate produced after hydrothermal pretreatment of sugarcane bagasse. For this, hydrothermal pretreatment was assessed in a continuous upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor operated at a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 18...
February 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161518/a-review-driving-factors-and-regulation-strategies-of-microbial-community-structure-and-dynamics-in-wastewater-treatment-systems
#8
REVIEW
Yangwu Chen, Shuhuan Lan, Longhui Wang, Shiyang Dong, Houzhen Zhou, Zhouliang Tan, Xudong Li
The performance and stabilization of biological wastewater treatment systems (1)are closely related to the microbial community structure and dynamics. In this paper, the effects and mechanisms of influent composition, process configuration, operating parameters (dissolved oxygen [DO], pH, hydraulic retention time [HRT] and sludge retention time [SRT]) and environmental condition (temperature) to the change of microbial community structure and process performance (nitrification, denitrification, biological phosphorus removal, organics mineralization and utilization, etc...
January 27, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156132/baffled-duck-weed-pond-system-for-treatment-of-agricultural-drainage-water-containing-pharmaceuticals
#9
Doaa Bassuney, Ahmed Tawfik
The aim of the study is to assess the efficiency of a novel bioremediation system namely baffled duck weed pond (BDWP) system for treatment of agricultural drainage water containing pharmaceuticals at different hydraulic retention times (HRTs). The removal efficiencies of acetaminophen (ACT), amoxicillin (AMX) and ampicillin (AMP) increased from 69.3±8.6 to 87.3 ±3.5%, from 52.9±9.4 to 82.9±5.2% and from 55.3±7.9 to 90.6±2.8% at increasing the HRT from 6 to 8 d., respectively. However, ACT, AMX and AMP removal efficiencies were slightly improved at increasing the HRT from 8 to 12 d...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133516/evaluation-of-estrogenic-activity-of-extract-from-the-herbal-mixture-cynanchum-wilfordii-hemsley-phlomis-umbrosa-turczaninow-and-angelica-gigas-nakai
#10
Se Jong Kim, Sun Woo Jin, Gi-Ho Lee, Yong An Kim, Hye Gwang Jeong
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) consists of highly effective prescription medications for treating menopausal symptoms; however, these agents have exhibited side effects including the risk of estrogen-induced carcinogenesis. Therefore, interest in phytotherapy-based materials as a natural source of alternatives to estrogen therapy has increased. However, some of these herbal medicines have been reported to increase the risk of estrogen-induced cancer. Herbal formulations composed of a combination of Cynanchum wilfordii Hemsley (CW), Phlomis umbrosa Turczaninow (PU), and Angelica gigas Nakai (AG) extracts (CPAE) have been used for treating menopausal symptoms...
January 2017: Toxicological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113877/automated-diagnosis-of-glaucoma-using-empirical-wavelet-transform-and-correntropy-features-extracted-from-fundus-images
#11
Shishir Maheshwari, Ram Bilas Pachori, U Rajendra Acharya
Glaucoma is an ocular disorder caused due to increased fluid pressure in the optic nerve. It damages the optic nerve subsequently causes loss of vision. The available scanning methods are Heidelberg Retinal Tomography (HRT), Scanning Laser Polarimetry (SLP) and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). These methods are expensive and require experienced clinicians to use them. So, there is a need to diagnose glaucoma accurately with low cost. Hence, in this paper, we have presented a new methodology for an automated diagnosis of glaucoma using digital fundus images based on Empirical Wavelet Transform (EWT)...
March 22, 2016: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113282/on-the-influence-of-heart-rate-and-coupling-interval-prematurity-on-heart-rate-turbulence
#12
Oscar Barquero-Perez, Carlos Figuera, Rebeca Goya-Esteban, Inmaculada Mora-Jimenez, Francisco Javier Gimeno-Blanes, Pablo Laguna, Juan Pablo Martinez Cortes, Eduardo Gil, Leif Sornmo, Arcadi Garcia-Alberola, Jose Luis Rojo-Alvarez
OBJECTIVE: Heart rate turbulence (HRT) has been successfully explored for cardiac risk stratification. While HRT is known to be influenced by the heart rate (HR) and the coupling interval (CI), non-concordant results have been reported on how the CI influences HRT. The purpose of this study is to investigate HRT changes in terms of CI and HR by means of a specially designed protocol. METHODS: A dataset was acquired from 11 patients with structurally normal hearts for which CI was altered by different pacing trains and HR by isoproterenol during electrophysiological study (EPS)...
April 15, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110397/enhancement-of-acetate-productivity-in-a-thermophilic-55%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c-hollow-fiber-membrane-biofilm-reactor-with-mixed-culture-syngas-h2-co2-fermentation
#13
Yun-Qi Wang, Shi-Jin Yu, Fang Zhang, Xiu-Yang Xia, Raymond J Zeng
Conversion of organic wastes to syngas is an attractive way to utilize wastes. The produced syngas can be further used to produce a variety of chemicals. In this study, a hollow-fiber membrane biofilm reactor with mix cultures was operated at 55 °C to convert syngas (H2/CO2) into acetate. A high concentration of acetate (42.4 g/L) was reached in batch experiment while a maximum acetate production rate of 10.5 g/L/day was achieved in the continuous-flow mode at hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 1 day. Acetate was the main product in both batch and continuous-flow experiments...
January 21, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108026/parity-infertility-oral-contraceptives-and-hormone-replacement-therapy-and-the-risk-of-ovarian-serous-borderline-tumors-a-nationwide-case-control-study
#14
Emma L Kaderly Rasmussen, Charlotte Gerd Hannibal, Christian Dehlendorff, Louise Baandrup, Jette Junge, Russell Vang, Robert J Kurman, Susanne K Kjaer
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined the risk of an ovarian serous borderline tumor (SBT) associated with parity, infertility, oral contraceptives (OCs), or hormone replacement therapy (HRT), which was the study aim. METHODS: This nationwide case-control study included all women with an SBT diagnosis in Denmark, 1978-2002. SBTs were confirmed by centralized expert pathology review. For each case, 15 age-matched female controls were randomly selected using risk-set sampling...
January 17, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101307/review-and-recommendations-on-management-of-adult-female-thalassemia-patients-with-hypogonadism-based-on-literature-review-and-experience-of-icet-a-network-specialists
#15
REVIEW
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Alice Albu, Soad Al Jaouni, Salvatore Anastasi, Maria Grazia Bisconte, Duran Canatan, Soteroula Christou, Shahina Daar, Salvatore Di Maio, Mohamed El Kholy, Doaa Khater, Mohamed Elshinawy, Yurdanur Kilinc, Roberto Mattei, Hala H Mosli, Alessandra Quota, Maria Grazia Roberti, Praveen Sobti, Saif Al Yaarubi, Saveria Canpisi, Christos Kattamis
BACKGROUND: Multi-transfused thalassemia major (TM) patients frequently develop severe endocrine complications, mainly due to iron overload, anemia, and chronic liver disease, which require prompt diagnosis, treatment and follow-up by specialists. The most common endocrine complication documented is hypogonadotropic hypogonadism which increases with age and associated comorbidities. It is thus important for physicians to have a clear understanding of the pathophysiology and management of this disorder...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093287/diagnostic-accuracy-of-imaging-devices-in-glaucoma-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Monica Fallon, Oliver Valero, Marta Pazos, Alfonso Antón
Imaging devices such as the Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph (HRT3), scanning laser polarimetry (GDx), and optical coherence tomography (OCT), play an important role in glaucoma diagnosis. A systematic search for evidence-based data was performed for prospective studies evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of HRT3, GDx and OCT. The diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) was calculated. To compare the accuracy among instruments and parameters, a meta-analysis considering the hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic (H-SROC) model was performed...
January 13, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067646/development-of-downflow-hanging-sponge-dhs-reactor-as-post-treatment-of-existing-combined-anaerobic-tank-treating-natural-rubber-processing-wastewater
#17
Takahiro Watari, Trung Cuong Mai, Daisuke Tanikawa, Yuga Hirakata, Masashi Hatamoto, Kazuaki Syutsubo, Masao Fukuda, Ngoc Bich Nguyen, Takashi Yamaguchi
Conventional aerated tank technology is widely applied for post treatment of natural rubber processing wastewater in Southeast Asia; however, a long hydraulic retention time (HRT) is required and the effluent standards are exceeded. In this study, a downflow hanging sponge (DHS) reactor was installed as post treatment of anaerobic tank effluent in a natural rubber factory in South Vietnam and the process performance was evaluated. The DHS reactor demonstrated removal efficiencies of 64.2 ± 7.5% and 55.3 ± 19...
January 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061932/biodegradation-of-2-4-dichlorophenol-in-packed-bed-biofilm-reactor-effect-of-hydraulic-retention-time-biogenic-substrate-and-loading-rate
#18
Bhishma P Patel, Arvind Kumar
  The removal of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) by a pure culture of Bacillus endophyticus strain immobilized on ceramic balls was studied in a packed bed biofilm reactor (PBBR). The biodegradation of 2,4-DCP was studied in fed-batch and continuous mode and the effect of different parameters such as hydraulic retention time (HRT), biogenetic substrate concentration, and loading rate on the removal of 2,4-DCP were evaluated. Field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) results established the biofilm formation on the ceramic beads...
December 1, 2016: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057558/characterization-of-the-planktonic-microbiome-in-upflow-anaerobic-sludge-blanket-reactors-during-adaptation-of-mesophilic-methanogenic-granules-to-thermophilic-operational-conditions
#19
Xinyu Zhu, Laura Treu, Panagiotis G Kougias, Stefano Campanaro, Irini Angelidaki
Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) technology refers to reactor technology where granules, i.e. self-immobilised microbial associations, are the biological catalysts involved in the anaerobic digestion process. During the start-up period, UASB reactors operate at relatively long HRT and therefore the liquid phase of the reactor becomes a favourable environment for microbial growth. The current study aimed to elucidate the dynamicity of the suspended microbial community in UASB reactors, during the transition from mesophilic to thermophilic conditions...
January 2, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051363/effects-of-hydraulic-retention-time-and-formula-see-text-ratio-on-thiosulfate-driven-autotrophic-denitrification-for-nitrate-removal-from-micro-polluted-surface-water
#20
Zheng Wang, Xiang Fei, Sheng-Bing He, Jung-Chen Huang, Wei-Li Zhou
This study was carried out to investigate the possibility of a thiosulfate-driven autotrophic denitrification for nitrate-N removal from micro-polluted surface water. The aim was to study the effects of [Formula: see text] ratio (S/N molar ratio) and hydraulic retention time (HRT) on the autotrophic denitrification performance. Besides, utilization efficiencies of [Formula: see text] along the biofilter and the restart-up of the bioreactor were also investigated. Autotrophic denitrification using thiosulfate as an electron donor for treating micro-polluted surface water without the addition of external alkalinity proved to be feasible and the biofilter could be readied in two weeks...
January 18, 2017: Environmental Technology
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