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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934819/the-role-of-gut-hormones-in-diet-induced-weight-change-a-systematic-review
#1
Xue Zhao, Qing Han, Xiaokun Gang, You Lv, Yujia Liu, Chenglin Sun, Guixia Wang
Gut hormones are known to play an important role in long-term weight loss maintenance after bariatric surgery. However, the interplay between gut hormones and diet-induced weight changes remains unclear. Our aims were to evaluate the alterations of gut hormones in diet-induced weight loss, weight maintenance, and weight regain periods. Available studies were searched on MEDLINE, EMASE, ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Library, and Web of science from inception to October 2016. After selection, 16 studies with 656 participants were included...
September 21, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934810/cross-sectional-imaging-of-solitary-lesions-of-the-neurocranium
#2
Max-Ludwig Schäfer, Arend Koch, Florian Streitparth, Edzard Wiener
Background Although a wide range of processes along the neurocranium are of a benign nature, there are often difficulties in the differential diagnosis. Method In the review CT/MRI scans of the head were evaluated retrospectively regarding solitary lesions along the neurocranium. The majority of the lesions were histologically proven. Results The purpose of the review is to present typical pathologies of the neurocranium and provide a systematic overview based on 12 entities, their locations, prevalence and radiological characteristics...
September 21, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934793/acupuncture-for-myofascial-pain-syndrome-a-network-meta-analysis-of-33-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
Xiuxia Li, Rong Wang, Xin Xing, Xiue Shi, Jinhui Tian, Jun Zhang, Long Ge, Jingyun Zhang, Lun Li, Kehu Yang
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture techniques are commonly used as initial treatments for myofascial pain syndrome. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess and compare the efficacy and safety of different techniques of acupuncture for myofascial pain syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Network meta-analysis. SETTING: All selected studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database were searched from their inceptions to February 2016...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934780/efficacy-of-cannabis-based-medicines-for-pain-management-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
J Aviram, G Samuelly-Leichtag
BACKGROUND: The management of chronic pain is a complex challenge worldwide. Cannabis-based medicines (CBMs) have proven to be efficient in reducing chronic pain, although the topic remains highly controversial in this field. OBJECTIVES: This study's aim is to conduct a conclusive review and meta-analysis, which incorporates all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in order to update clinicians' and researchers' knowledge regarding the efficacy and adverse events (AEs) of CBMs for chronic and postoperative pain treatment...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934779/what-are-the-predictors-of-altered-central-pain-modulation-in-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-populations-a-systematic-review
#5
Jacqui Clark, Jo Nijs, Gillian Yeowell, Peter Charles Goodwin
BACKGROUND: Altered central pain modulation is the predominant pain mechanism in a proportion of chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders and is associated with poor outcomes. Although existing studies predict poor outcomes such as persistent pain and disability, to date there is little consensus on what factors specifically predict altered central pain modulation. OBJECTIVES: To review the existing literature on the predictive factors specifically for altered central pain modulation in musculoskeletal pain populations...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934778/the-effect-of-early-use-of-supplemental-therapy-on-preventing-postherpetic-neuralgia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Xiu-Fang Xing, Zhen-Feng Zhou, Feng-Jiang Zhang, Min Yan
BACKGROUND: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common and refractory complication of herpes zoster (HZ). Aggressive treatment of acute pain in HZ has the potential to prevent the development of PHN, but the preventive efficacy of supplemental therapy commonly used in clinical practice is controversial. OBJECTIVES: Our aim is to examine the efficacy of supplemental therapy in preventing PHN. STUDY DESIGN: A meta-analysis. SETTING: All of the selected studies are randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934777/effectiveness-of-thermal-annular-procedures-in-treating-discogenic-low-back-pain
#7
Standiford Helm Ii, Thomas T Simopoulos, Milan Stojanovic, Salahadin Abdi, Mohamed Ahamed El Terany
BACKGROUND: Discogenic low back is a distinct clinic entity characterized by pain arising from a damaged disc. The diagnosis is clouded by the controversy surrounding discography. The treatment options are limited, with unsatisfactory results from both conservative treatment and surgery. Multiple interventional therapies have been developed to treat discogenic pain, but most have not yet been validated by high quality studies.The best studied treatment for discogenic pain is the use of heat, which has been labeled as thermal intradiscal procedures (TIPs) by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934560/creativity-and-mood-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Christa L Taylor
Although the belief that creativity is related to psychopathology is prevalent, empirical evidence is limited. Research findings relating to mood disorder in particular are mixed, possibly as a result of differing research approaches (e.g., assessing the creativity of individuals with versus without mood disorder opposed to the prevalence of mood disorder in creative versus noncreative individuals). Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to investigate prior research examining the link between mood disorder and creativity from three distinct research approaches...
September 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934556/the-effect-of-t-ai-chi-exercise-on-lipid-profiles-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#9
Aqeel M Alenazi, Mohammed M Alshehri, Jeffrey C Hoover, Mohammad A Yabroudi, Shaji John Kachanathu, Wen Liu
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is a common health problem resulting from many factors, including dyslipidemia. T'ai chi is one of the interventions assigned to improve lipid profiles and other physical outcomes. However, conflicting results might be attributed to different study designs and interventional approaches. A systematic review and meta-analysis are needed to evaluate existing evidence. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate existing randomized clinical trials (RCTs) regarding the overall effect of t'ai chi exercise on lipid profiles...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934401/lessons-learned-for-reducing-the-negative-impact-of-adverse-events-on-patients-health-professionals-and-healthcare-organizations
#10
Jose Joaquin Mira, Susana Lorenzo, Irene Carrillo, Lena Ferrús, Carmen Silvestre, Pilar Astier, Fuencisla Iglesias-Alonso, Jose Angel Maderuelo, Pastora Pérez-Pérez, Maria Luisa Torijano, Elena Zavala, Susan D Scott
Purpose: To summarize the knowledge about the aftermath of adverse events (AEs) and develop a recommendation set to reduce their negative impact in patients, health professionals and organizations in contexts where there is no previous experiences and apology laws are not present. Data sources: Review studies published between 2000 and 2015, institutional websites and experts' opinions on patient safety. Study selection: Studies published and websites on open disclosure, and the second and third victims' phenomenon...
August 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934345/mesenchymal-stem-cell-therapy-for-laryngotracheal-stenosis-a-systematic-review-of-preclinical-studies
#11
Kathrine Kronberg Jakobsen, Christian Grønhøj, David H Jensen, Anne Fischer-Nielsen, Thomas Hjuler, Christian von Buchwald
BACKGROUND: Laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) can be either congenital or acquired. Laryngeal stenosis is most often encountered after prolonged intubation. The mechanism for stenosis following intubation is believed to be hypertrophic scarring. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) therapy has shown promising results in regenerative medicine. We aimed to systematically review the literature on MSC therapy for stenosis of the conductive airways. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched from January 1980-January 2017 with the purpose of identifying all studies addressing the effect of MSC therapy on the airway...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934308/devices-and-tasks-involved-in-the-objective-assessment-of-standing-dynamic-balancing-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
Bálint Petró, Alexandra Papachatzopoulou, Rita M Kiss
BACKGROUND: Static balancing assessment is often complemented with dynamic balancing tasks. Numerous dynamic balancing assessment methods have been developed in recent decades with their corresponding balancing devices and tasks. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic literature review is to identify and categorize existing objective methods of standing dynamic balancing ability assessment with an emphasis on the balancing devices and tasks being used. DATA SOURCES: Three major scientific literature databases (Science Direct, Web of Science, PLoS ONE) and additional sources were used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934305/the-prognostic-value-of-interleukin-17-in-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-based-on-chinese-patients
#13
Xiao-Fei Wang, Yi-Tong Zhu, Jia-Jia Wang, Da-Xiong Zeng, Chuan-Yong Mu, Yan-Bin Chen, Wei Lei, Ye-Han Zhu, Jian-An Huang
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-17 (IL-17) plays an important role in cancer progression. Previous studies remained controversial regarding the correlation between IL-17 expression and lung cancer (LC) prognosis. To comprehensively and quantitatively summarize the prognostic value of IL-17 expression in LC patients, a systematic review and meta-analysis were performed. METHODS: We identified the relevant literatures by searching the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, SinoMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang Data databases, up until April 1, 2017...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934284/correlation-of-dapk1-methylation-and-the-risk-of-gastrointestinal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Wenzheng Yuan, Jinhuang Chen, Yan Shu, Sanguang Liu, Liang Wu, Jintong Ji, Zhengyi Liu, Qiang Tang, Zili Zhou, Yifeng Cheng, Bin Jiang, Xiaogang Shu
OBJECTIVE: One of the critical mechanisms of gastrointestinal cancer pathogenesis is the silencing of death associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1), which could be caused by aberrant methylation of the promoter. However, the relationship between DAPK1 methylation and the risk of gastrointestinal cancer is still controversial. Hence, we conducted this study to determine the potential correlation. METHODS: Eligible publications were searched in the Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane Library through November 2016 according to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934265/comparative-effectiveness-of-different-transarterial-embolization-therapies-alone-or-in-combination-with-local-ablative-or-adjuvant-systemic-treatments-for-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
Konstantinos Katsanos, Panagiotis Kitrou, Stavros Spiliopoulos, Ioannis Maroulis, Theodore Petsas, Dimitris Karnabatidis
BACKGROUND: The optimal transcatheter embolization strategy for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains elusive. We conducted a systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) of different embolization options for unresectable HCC. METHODS: Medical databases were searched for randomized controlled trials evaluating bland transarterial embolization (TAE), conventional TACE, drug-eluting bead chemoembolization (DEB-TACE), or transarterial radioembolization (TARE), either alone or combined with adjuvant chemotherapy, or local liver ablation, or external radiotherapy for unresectable HCC up to June 2017...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934235/lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-lns-for-treatment-of-children-6-months-to-59-months-with-moderate-acute-malnutrition-mam-a-systematic-review
#16
Tarun Gera, Juan Pablo Pena-Rosas, Evelyn Boy-Mena, Harshpal S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: Moderate acute malnutrition is a major public health problem affecting children from low- and middle-income countries. Lipid nutrient supplements have been proposed as a nutritional intervention for its treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of LNS for the treatment of MAM in infants and children 6 to 59 months of age. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized-controlled trials and controlled before-after studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934215/tracing-the-temporal-stability-of-autism-spectrum-diagnosis-and-severity-as-measured-by-the-autism-diagnostic-observation-schedule-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Łucja Bieleninik, Maj-Britt Posserud, Monika Geretsegger, Grace Thompson, Cochavit Elefant, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Exploring ways to improve the trajectory and symptoms of autism spectrum disorder is prevalent in research, but less is known about the natural prognosis of autism spectrum disorder and course of symptoms. The objective of this study was to examine the temporal stability of autism spectrum disorder and autism diagnosis, and the longitudinal trajectories of autism core symptom severity. We furthermore sought to identify possible predictors for change. METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycInfo, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library up to October 2015 for prospective cohort studies addressing the autism spectrum disorder/autism diagnostic stability, and prospective studies of intervention effects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934214/models-to-predict-relapse-in-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#18
Sarah Sullivan, Kate Northstone, Caroline Gadd, Julian Walker, Ruta Margelyte, Alison Richards, Penny Whiting
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence on the accuracy of psychosis relapse prediction models. Our objective was to undertake a systematic review of relapse prediction models in psychosis. METHOD: We conducted a literature search including studies that developed and/or validated psychosis relapse prediction models, with or without external model validation. Models had to target people with psychosis and predict relapse. The key databases searched were; Embase, Medline, Medline In-Process Citations & Daily Update, PsychINFO, BIOSIS Citation Index, CINAHL, and Science Citation Index, from inception to September 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934188/effect-of-aldosterone-antagonists-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
W-D Zhang, J-W Zhang, K-F Wu, X Chen, Y-P Wang, L-H Zhou, H-T Wang, S-M Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934166/is-branched-chain-amino-acids-supplementation-an-efficient-nutritional-strategy-to-alleviate-skeletal-muscle-damage-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Alexandre Fouré, David Bendahan
Amino acids and more precisely, branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), are usually consumed as nutritional supplements by many athletes and people involved in regular and moderate physical activities regardless of their practice level. BCAAs have been initially shown to increase muscle mass and have also been implicated in the limitation of structural and metabolic alterations associated with exercise damage. This systematic review provides a comprehensive analysis of the literature regarding the beneficial effects of BCAAs supplementation within the context of exercise-induced muscle damage or muscle injury...
September 21, 2017: Nutrients
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