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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161799/risk-of-miscarriage-following-amniocentesis-and-chorionic-villus-sampling-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
Jaroslaw Beta, Cristina Lesmes-Heredia, Chiara Bedetti, Ranjit Akolekar
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the risk of miscarriage after amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling (CVS) based on a systematic review of the literature. METHODS: A search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library (2000-2017) was carried out to identify studies reporting complications following CVS or amniocentesis. The inclusion criteria for the systematic review were studies reporting results from large controlled studies (n≥1,000 invasive procedures) and those reporting data for pregnancy loss prior to 24 weeks' gestation...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161798/intrapartum-care-quality-indicators-a-literature-review
#2
Elisa Lazzaretto, Antonella Nespoli, Simona Fumagalli, Elisabetta Colciago, Sofia Perego, Anna Locatelli
BACKGROUND: Quality of care is increasingly recognized as a critical aspect of the maternal and newborn health, mainly with respect to care around labour and delivery and in the immediate postnatal period. The Aim of this Review is to identify the recommended intrapartum care indicators in order to measure the quality of Midwifery care. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted in August 2017 incorporating English and Italian language studies from 1993 and onwards to identify published articles on quality standards of intrapartum care...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161773/silodosin-for-the-treatment-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-men-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#3
REVIEW
Jae Hung Jung, Jiye Kim, Roderick MacDonald, Balaji Reddy, Myung Ha Kim, Philipp Dahm
BACKGROUND: A variety of alpha-blockers are used for treating lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Silodosin is a novel, more selective alpha-blocker, which is specific to the lower urinary tract and may have fewer side effects than other alpha-blockers. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of silodosin for the treatment of LUTS in men with BPH. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search using multiple databases (Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Web of Science), trials registries, other sources of grey literature, and conference proceedings with no restrictions on the language of publication or publication status up until 13 June 2017...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161748/whole-body-cryotherapy-as-a-recovery-technique-after-exercise-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
Catriona Rose, Kate M Edwards, Jason Siegler, Kenneth Graham, Corinne Caillaud
This review aims to evaluate the current body of literature investigating the effect of whole body cryotherapy on recovery after exercise. A systematic search was conducted to investigate the effect of whole body cryotherapy (WBC, exposure to temperatures between -110 to -190°C) on markers of recovery after damaging exercise in healthy, physically active subjects. Of the 16 eligible articles extracted, ten induced muscle damage using controlled exercise in a laboratory setting, while six induced damage during sport-specific training...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161466/treating-early-undifferentiated-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-direct-and-indirect-trial-evidence
#5
Maria A Lopez-Olivo, Voke Kakpovbia-Eshareturi, Jude des Bordes, Andrea Barbo, Robin Christensen, Maria E Suarez-Almazor
OBJECTIVE: We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of direct and indirect trial evidence to evaluate the efficacy of treatments for patients with undifferentiated arthritis (UA). METHODS: We searched four electronic databases from inception to January 2016, clinicaltrials. gov, and bibliographies of relevant articles. Two reviewers independently screened and evaluated the studies. The primary outcome was development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). RESULTS: Nine studies were included...
November 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161458/proton-pump-inhibitors-for-functional-dyspepsia
#6
REVIEW
Maria Ines Pinto-Sanchez, Yuhong Yuan, Ahmed Hassan, Premysl Bercik, Paul Moayyedi
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD or non-ulcer dyspepsia) is defined as continuous or frequently recurring epigastric pain or discomfort for which no organic cause can be found. Acid suppressive therapy, including proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), has been proposed as a therapeutic option in FD, but its efficacy remains controversial. While PPIs are generally considered safe and well tolerated, they have been associated with adverse events, especially in the long term. For this reason, decisions on whether to initiate or continue PPI therapy should be made based on an appropriate clinical indication...
November 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161456/integrated-care-with-indigenous-populations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#7
Melissa E Lewis, Laurelle L Myhra
INTRODUCTION: The integration of behavioral health into medical care is related to positive results including improved patient health outcomes, provider satisfaction, and cost-offset. Indigenous people suffer from the highest health disparities in the nation and disproportionately experience barriers to health care; yet it is unknown if integrated care is effective for this population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was completed on the state of integrated care at Indigenous-serving health care sites in 2014 and was updated in 2016...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161419/incidence-of-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-recurrence-in-patients-discharged-in-sinus-rhythm-after-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Nicole Lowres, Georgina Mulcahy, Kai Jin, Robyn Gallagher, Lis Neubeck, Ben Freedman
Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is associated with increased stroke risk and mortality post-discharge. POAF is often considered transient; however, recurrence is likely under-recognized as symptoms are an unreliable guide. Surveillance post-discharge may identify asymptomatic POAF recurrences in patients discharged in sinus rhythm. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating POAF recurrence post-discharge, in patients with new-onset POAF following cardiac surgery who reverted to sinus rhythm prior to discharge...
November 17, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161393/quality-safety-and-outcomes-in-anaesthesia-what-s-to-be-done-an-international-perspective
#9
C J Peden, M Campbell, G Aggarwal
This article reviews of some of the key topics and challenges in quality, safety, and the measurement and improvement of outcomes in anaesthesia. The topics were selected based on the perspective of an individual with quality and safety expertise and recent experience of the specialty in both the UK and USA. The review does not seek to be exhaustive or systematic, but to highlight current areas of concern and potential solutions. The topic is subdivided into sections where the system of health care is viewed from different levels...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161336/efficacy-of-electrical-stimulation-of-the-occipital-nerve-in-intractable-primary-headache-disorders-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses
#10
Robert T Cadalso, John Daugherty, Caron Holmes, Saravanan Ram, Reyes Enciso
AIMS: To determine the efficacy of occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) in reducing the intensity, duration, and frequency of medically intractable primary headaches. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out by searching three electronic databases: the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE via PubMed, and Web of Science. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and case series were eligible for inclusion. RCTs were assessed for quality of evidence by using the Cochrane Risk of Bias and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) tools...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161335/shoulder-complaints-in-wheelchair-athletes-a-systematic-review
#11
Omar W Heyward, Riemer J K Vegter, Sonja de Groot, Lucas H V van der Woude
BACKGROUND: In recent years the popularity of disabled sports and competition among disabled athletes has grown considerably. With this rise in exposure of, and participation in wheelchair sports comes an increase in related stressors, including musculoskeletal load. External mechanical loading may increase the risk of shoulder complaints. The objective of this literature review was to 1) identify and describe the prevalence and/or incidence of shoulder complaints in wheelchair athletes in the literature, to 2) examine the factors and underlying mechanisms that could be potentially involved, and 3) provide some insights into the development of preventative measures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161276/association-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-active-tuberculosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Rami H Al-Rifai, Fiona Pearson, Julia A Critchley, Laith J Abu-Raddad
The burgeoning epidemic of diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the major global health challenges. We systematically reviewed the published literature to provide a summary estimate of the association between DM and active tuberculosis (TB). We searched Medline and EMBASE databases for studies reporting adjusted estimates on the TB-DM association published before December 22, 2015, with no restrictions on region and language. In the meta-analysis, adjusted estimates were pooled using a DerSimonian-Laird random-effects model, according to study design...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161218/the-impact-of-dementia-on-relationships-intimacy-and-sexuality-in-later-life-couples-an-integrative-qualitative-analysis-of-existing-literature
#13
Kristen Holdsworth, Marita McCabe
OBJECTIVES: The onset and progression of dementia can have a profound effect on the couple dyad. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze the literature investigating the impact of dementia on the relationships, intimacy, and sexuality in older couples. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in May 2016 for relevant research articles. Five databases were searched: Web of Science, PsycINFO, MedLine, Scopus and CINAHL. The reference lists of articles included in the review were screened along with the reference list of other relevant reviews...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161200/early-placement-of-ventilation-tubes-in-infants-with-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-systematic-review
#14
Mark Felton, Jong Wook Lee, Darius D Balumuka, Jugpal S Arneja, Neil K Chadha
Objective Studies have shown that the majority of cleft lip and palate (CLP) children have middle ear fluid present at the time of lip repair (3-4 months). Despite hearing loss, the majority of children do not undergo ventilation tube treatment if required until the time of palate repair (9-12 months). We aimed to examine the effectiveness and potential complications of early ventilation tube placement prior to palatoplasty in infants with cleft lip and palate. Data Sources Medline (1946-2015), Embase (1980-2015), and EBM Reviews (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled)...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161198/a-systematic-review-of-factors-influencing-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-among-immigrant-parents-in-the-united-states
#15
Kyounghae Kim, Anna-Rae LeClaire
To critically appraise factors influencing human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among immigrant parents in the United States, a comprehensive search of electronic databases and reference lists was conducted. The findings from 22 articles were ordered based on a socio-ecological model. About 30% of children initiated and 14% completed a 3-dose series. Correlates of HPV vaccine initiation rates included lack of information, concerns about vaccine safety and promiscuity, providers' recommendations, school mandates, financial issues, immigration laws, and living in disadvantaged neighborhoods...
November 21, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161138/autologous-matrix-induced-chondrogenesis-a-systematic-review-of-the-clinical-evidence
#16
Liang Gao, Patrick Orth, Magali Cucchiarini, Henning Madry
BACKGROUND: The addition of a type I/III collagen membrane in cartilage defects treated with microfracture has been advocated for cartilage repair, termed "autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis" (AMIC). PURPOSE: To examine the current clinical evidence regarding AMIC for focal chondral defects. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A systematic review was performed by searching PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Cochrane Library databases...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161114/suicide-and-high-altitude-an-integrative-review
#17
Elaine Reno, Talia L Brown, Marian E Betz, Michael H Allen, Lilian Hoffecker, Jeremy Reitinger, Robert Roach, Benjamin Honigman
Reno, Elaine, Talia L. Brown, Marian E. Betz, Michael H. Allen, Lilian Hoffecker, Jeremy Reitinger, Robert Roach, and Benjamin Honigman. Suicide and high altitude: an integrative review. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2017. INTRODUCTION: Suicide rates are greater at high altitudes, and multiple mechanisms have been suggested for this relationship, including hypoxia, differences in population density, characteristics of suicide victims, and firearms ownership and access. To better understand these potential mechanisms, studies evaluating the associations between high altitude and suicide were examined...
November 21, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160921/sustained-adoption-of-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-interventions-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Nina A Martin, Kristyna R S Hulland, Robert Dreibelbis, Farhana Sultana, Peter J Winch
OBJECTIVE: To understand factors that influence sustained adoption of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) technologies or behaviors. METHODS: Systematic review of current literature. Articles were gathered from databases of peer-reviewed articles and grey literature, and screened for relevance. After exclusion, we created a descriptive map of 148 articles and analyzed in-depth 44 articles that had an explicit focus on promoting or evaluating sustained adoption or program sustainability...
November 21, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160740/effects-of-regular-physical-activity-on-the-cognitive-performance-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-systematic-review
#19
Natalie Podolski, Klara Brixius, Hans G Predel, Christian Brinkmann
BACKGROUND: Cognitive decline has been shown to be associated with long-term type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This review analyzes the present literature to ascertain the role of regular physical activity (PA) for the functioning of the diabetic brain. METHODS: PubMed was systematically searched for relevant publications up to July 2017. RESULTS: Four cross-sectional, one longitudinal observational, and nine interventional studies with a total of ∼7000 T2DM subjects are included in this review...
November 21, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160642/neonatal-bacterial-meningitis-a-systematic-review-of-european-available-data
#20
Antonio DI Mauro, Francesca Cortese, Nicola Laforgia, Beatrice Pantaleo, Rachele Giuliani, Donato Bonifazi, Marco M Ciccone, Paola Giordano
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in neonatal intensive care and the improvements in surveillance, prevention and vaccination programs, neonatal meningitis still represents an important cause of morbidity and mortality in infants, with the highest mortality in the newborn population. AIM: To summarize current knowledge about this topic with particular attention to management of neonatal meningitis in order to provide a useful tool for clinicians. METHODS: We reviewed the existent literature from five European Countries (France, German, Italy, Spain and United Kingdom) on the effectiveness of treatments for bacterial meningitis in newborns taking into consideration the antibiotic resistance phenomenon...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
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