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"Implementation science"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212969/lessons-learned-when-introducing-pharmacogenomic-panel-testing-into-clinical-practice
#1
Marc B Rosenman, Brian Decker, Kenneth D Levy, Ann M Holmes, Victoria M Pratt, Michael T Eadon
OBJECTIVES: Implementing new programs to support precision medicine in clinical settings is a complex endeavor. We describe challenges and potential solutions based on the Indiana GENomics Implementation: an Opportunity for the Underserved (INGenious) program at Eskenazi Health-one of six sites supported by the Implementing GeNomics In pracTicE network grant of the National Institutes of Health/National Human Genome Research Institute. INGenious is an implementation of a panel of genomic tests...
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210296/european-lung-foundation-from-local-to-global
#2
REVIEW
Pippa Powell, Sîan Williams, Dan Smyth
KEY POINTS: Although there are many patient organisations in Europe, this is not the case in all countries across the globe.Access to care is one of the main global issues highlighted by the European Lung Foundation International Patient Advisory Committee.The European Respiratory Society/European Lung Foundation Healthy Lungs for Life campaign can be used locally or globally to raise awareness of the risk factors for lung disease.Implementation science is a method that can be used to assess the feasibility of using research findings in routine healthcare in clinical settings in different parts of the world...
September 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209173/moving-from-legality-to-reality-how-medical-abortion-methods-were-introduced-with-implementation-science-in-zambia
#3
Tamara Fetters, Ghazaleh Samandari, Patrick Djemo, Bellington Vwallika, Stephen Mupeta
BACKGROUND: Although abortion is technically legal in Zambia, the reality is far more complicated. This study describes the process and results of galvanizing access to medical abortion where abortion has been legal for many years, but provision severely limited. It highlights the challenges and successes of scaling up abortion care using implementation science to document 2 years of implementation. METHODS: An intervention between the Ministry of Health, University Teaching Hospital and the international organization Ipas, was established to introduce medical abortion and to address the lack of understanding and implementation of the country's abortion law...
February 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201795/implementation-science-in-sleep-medicine-commentary-on-parthasarathy-et-al-sleep-2016-39-12-2061-2075-implementation-of-sleep-and-circadian-science-recommendations-from-the-sleep-research-society-and-national-institutes-of-health-workshop
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188571/implementation-science-workshop-barriers-and-facilitators-to-increasing-mammography-screening-rates-in-california-s-public-hospitals
#5
Cassidy Clarity, Gato Gourley, Courtney Lyles, Sara Ackerman, Margaret A Handley, Dean Schillinger, Urmimala Sarkar, Joseph Conigliaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182618/the-evolving-landscape-of-hiv-drug-resistance-diagnostics-for-expanding-testing-in-resource-limited-settings
#6
Seth C Inzaule, Raph L Hamers, Roger Paredes, Chunfu Yang, Rob Schuurman, Tobias F Rinke de Wit
Global scale-up of antiretroviral treatment (ART) has dramatically changed the prospects of HIV/AIDS disease rendering life-long chronic care and treatment a reality for millions of HIV-infected patients. Affordable technologies to monitor ART are needed to ensure long-term durability of limited available drug regimens. HIV drug resistance tests can complement existing strategies in optimizing clinical decision-making for patients with treatment failure, in addition to facilitating population-based surveillance of HIV drug resistance...
February 9, 2017: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178987/enhancing-the-reporting-of-implementation-research
#7
EDITORIAL
Paul M Wilson, Anne Sales, Michel Wensing, Gregory A Aarons, Signe Flottorp, Liz Glidewell, Alison Hutchinson, Justin Presseau, Anne Rogers, Nick Sevdalis, Janet Squires, Sharon Straus
In the 10 years since the inception of Implementation Science, we have witnessed a continued rise in the number of submissions received, reflecting the continued global interest in methods to enhance the uptake of research findings into healthcare practice and policy. We receive over 750 submissions annually, and there is now a large gap between what is submitted and what gets published. In this editorial, we restate the journal scope and current boundaries. We also identify some specific reporting issues that if addressed will help enhance the scientific reporting quality and transparency of the manuscripts we receive...
February 8, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166787/the-efficacy-of-protected-mealtimes-in-hospitalised-patients-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Judi Porter, Terry P Haines, Helen Truby
BACKGROUND: Protected Mealtimes is an intervention developed to address the problem of malnutrition in hospitalised patients through increasing positive interruptions (such as feeding assistance) whilst minimising unnecessary interruptions (including ward rounds and diagnostic procedures) during mealtimes. This clinical trial aimed to measure the effect of implementing Protected Mealtimes on the energy and protein intake of patients admitted to the subacute setting. METHODS: A prospective, stepped wedge cluster randomised controlled trial was undertaken across three hospital sites at one health network in Melbourne, Australia...
February 7, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160274/new-directions-in-developmentally-informed-intervention-research-for-vulnerable-populations
#9
Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Mackenzie D M Whipps, Natalia M Rojas
This special section of Child Development brings together experts in developmental science and intervention research to incorporate current evidence on resilience for vulnerable populations and give concrete suggestions for action and research. This commentary synthesizes the contributions of the articles, noting themes such as simultaneous attention to multiple risk, protective, and promotive processes; integrating new principles from clinical and therapeutic interventions; and adapting intervention approaches for new populations...
February 3, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155110/intentional-research-design-in-implementation-science-implications-for-the-use-of-nomothetic-and-idiographic-assessment
#10
Aaron R Lyon, Elizabeth Connors, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Sara J Landes, Cara C Lewis, Bryce D McLeod, Christopher Rutt, Cameo Stanick, Bryan J Weiner
The advancement of implementation science is dependent on identifying assessment strategies that can address implementation and clinical outcome variables in ways that are valid, relevant to stakeholders, and scalable. This paper presents a measurement agenda for implementation science that integrates the previously disparate assessment traditions of idiographic and nomothetic approaches. Although idiographic and nomothetic approaches are both used in implementation science, a review of the literature on this topic suggests that their selection can be indiscriminate, driven by convenience, and not explicitly tied to research study design...
February 2, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138821/transitioning-the-adult-with-type-2-diabetes-from-the-acute-to-chronic-care-setting-strategies-to-support-pragmatic-implementation-success
#11
REVIEW
Michelle Magee, Joan K Bardsley, Amisha Wallia, Kelly M Smith
Scientific evidence is available to guide the how to of medications management when patients with diabetes are hospitalized or present to the Emergency Department. However, few clinical trials in the diabetes field have addressed the execution, coupled with established implementation effectiveness evaluation frameworks to help inform and assess implementation practices to support the transition in care. These deficiencies may be overcome by (1) applying the principles of implementation and delivery systems science; (2) engaging the principles of human factors (HF) throughout the design, development, and evaluation planning activities; and (3) utilizing mixed methods to design the intervention, workflow processes, and evaluate the intervention for sustainability within existing care delivery models...
January 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134440/what-happens-after-the-demonstration-phase-the-sustainability-of-canada-s-at-home-chez-soi-housing-first-programs-for-homeless-persons-with-mental-illness
#12
Geoffrey Nelson, Rachel Caplan, Timothy MacLeod, Eric Macnaughton, Rebecca Cherner, Tim Aubry, Christian Méthot, Eric Latimer, Myra Piat, Erin Plenert, Scott McCullough, Sarah Zell, Michelle Patterson, Vicky Stergiopoulos, Paula Goering
This research examined the sustainability of Canada's At Home/Chez Soi Housing First (HF) programs for homeless persons with mental illness 2 years after the end of the demonstration phase of a large (more than 2000 participants enrolled), five-site, randomized controlled trial. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 142 participants (key informants, HF staff, and persons with lived experience) to understand sustainability outcomes and factors that influenced those outcomes. Also, a self-report HF fidelity measure was completed for nine HF programs that continued after the demonstration project...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132746/acc-aha-special-report-clinical%C3%A2-practice-guideline-implementation-strategies-a%C3%A2-summary-of-systematic-reviews-by-the-nhlbi-implementation-science-work-group-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice
#13
Wiley V Chan, Thomas A Pearson, Glen C Bennett, William C Cushman, Thomas A Gaziano, Paul N Gorman, Joel Handler, Harlan M Krumholz, Robert F Kushner, Thomas D MacKenzie, Ralph L Sacco, Sidney C Smith, Victor J Stevens, Barbara L Wells
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute convened an Implementation Science Work Group to assess evidence-based strategies for effectively implementing clinical practice guidelines. This was part of a larger effort to update existing clinical practice guidelines on cholesterol, blood pressure, and overweight/obesity. OBJECTIVES: Review evidence from the published implementation science literature and identify effective or promising strategies to enhance the adoption and implementation of clinical practice guidelines...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129692/moving-research-tools-into-practice-the-successes-and-challenges-in-promoting-uptake-of-classification-tools
#14
Barbara Jane Cunningham, Mary Jo Cooley Hidecker, Nancy Thomas-Stonell, Peter Rosenbaum
PURPOSE: In this paper, we present our experiences - both successes and challenges - in implementing evidence-based classification tools into clinical practice. We also make recommendations for others wanting to promote the uptake and application of new research-based assessment tools. METHOD: We first describe classification systems and the benefits of using them in both research and practice. We then present a theoretical framework from Implementation Science to report strategies we have used to implement two research-based classification tools into practice...
January 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126839/acc-aha-special-report-clinical-practice-guideline-implementation-strategies-a-summary-of-systematic-reviews-by-the-nhlbi-implementation-science-work-group-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task-force-on-clinical-practice
#15
Wiley V Chan, Thomas A Pearson, Glen C Bennett, William C Cushman, Thomas A Gaziano, Paul N Gorman, Joel Handler, Harlan M Krumholz, Robert F Kushner, Thomas D MacKenzie, Ralph L Sacco, Sidney C Smith, Victor J Stevens, Barbara L Wells, Graciela Castillo, Susan K R Heil, Jennifer Stephens, Julie C Jacobson Vann
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute convened an Implementation Science Work Group to assess evidence-based strategies for effectively implementing clinical practice guidelines. This was part of a larger effort to update existing clinical practice guidelines on cholesterol, blood pressure, and overweight/obesity. OBJECTIVES: Review evidence from the published implementation science literature and identify effective or promising strategies to enhance the adoption and implementation of clinical practice guidelines...
January 26, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116558/implementing-effective-educational-practices-at-scales-of-social-importance
#16
REVIEW
Robert H Horner, George Sugai, Dean L Fixsen
Implementing evidence-based practices is becoming both a goal and standard across medicine, psychology, and education. Initial successes, however, are now leading to questions about how successful demonstrations may be expanded to scales of social importance. In this paper, we review lessons learned about scaling up evidence-based practices gleaned from our experience implementing school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports (PBIS) across more than 23,000 schools in the USA. We draw heavily from the work of Flay et al...
January 23, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110675/evidence-based-training-in-the-era-of-evidence-based-practice-challenges-and-opportunities-for-training-of-ptsd-providers
#17
Raymond C Rosen, Josef I Ruzek, Bradley E Karlin
There is a pressing global need for trained and competent mental health clinicians to deliver evidence-based psychological therapies to millions of trauma survivors in need of care. Three model, large-scale training programs were initiated a decade ago, one in the United Kingdom (U.K.), and two in the United States (U.S.), to disseminate high-quality, evidence-based psychological care to traumatized children and adults in need of assistance. Milestone contributions to implementation science have been made by each of these training programs, although limitations and challenges remain to be considered...
January 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106322/improving-the-impact-of-obesity-prevention-interventions-in-the-childcare-setting-the-need-for-a-systematic-application-of-implementation-science
#18
Jannah Jones, Sze L Yoong, Rebecca Wyse, Dianne S Ward, Luke Wolfenden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101606/practice-guidelines-as-implementation-science-the-journal-editors-perspective
#19
EDITORIAL
Timothy G Buchman, Elie Azoulay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099221/practice-guidelines-as-implementation-science-the-journal-editors-perspective
#20
Timothy G Buchman, Elie Azoulay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Critical Care Medicine
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