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"Implementation science"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325237/global-health-in-radiation-oncology-the-emergence-of-a-new-career-pathway
#1
REVIEW
Danielle Rodin, Mei Ling Yap, Surbhi Grover, John M Longo, Onyinye Balogun, Sandra Turner, Jesper G Eriksen, C Norman Coleman, Meredith Giuliani
The massive global shortfall in radiotherapy equipment and human resources in developing countries is an enormous challenge for international efforts in cancer control. This lack of access to treatment has been long-standing, but there is now a growing consensus about the urgent need to prioritize solutions to this problem and that a global strategy is required for them to be successful. An essential element of making radiotherapy universally accessible is a coordinated approach to clinical training and practice...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293777/engaging-parents-in-preventive-interventions-for-young-children-working-with-cultural-diversity-within-low-income-urban-neighborhoods
#2
Spring Dawson-McClure, Esther J Calzada, Laurie M Brotman
A robust literature documents the impact of poverty on child development and lifelong health, well-being and productivity. Racial and ethnic minority children continue to bear the burden of poverty disproportionately. Evidence-based parenting interventions in early childhood have the potential to attenuate risk attributable to poverty and stress. To reduce racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in the USA, parenting interventions must be accessible, engaging, and effective for low-income families of color living in large urban centers...
March 14, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292307/describing-knowledge-encounters-in-healthcare-a-mixed-studies-systematic-review-and-development-of-a-classification
#3
REVIEW
Dominic Hurst, Sharon Mickan
BACKGROUND: Implementation science seeks to promote the uptake of research and other evidence-based findings into practice, but for healthcare professionals, this is complex as practice draws on, in addition to scientific principles, rules of thumb and a store of practical wisdom acquired from a range of informational and experiential sources. The aims of this review were to identify sources of information and professional experiences encountered by healthcare workers and from this to build a classification system, for use in future observational studies, that describes influences on how healthcare professionals acquire and use information in their clinical practice...
March 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288622/cogchamps-a-model-of-implementing-evidence-based-care-in-hospitals-study-protocol
#4
Catherine Travers, Frederick Graham, Amanda Henderson, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: Delirium and dementia (cognitive impairment; CI), are common in older hospital patients, and both are associated with serious adverse outcomes. Despite delirium often being preventable, it is frequently not recognized in hospital settings, which may be because hospital nurses have not received adequate education or training in recognizing or caring for those with CI. However, the most effective way of increasing nurses' awareness about delirium and dementia, and initiating regular patient screening and monitoring to guide best practices for these patients in hospital settings is not known...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282339/from-patients-to-policy-population-intervention-effects-in-epidemiology
#5
Daniel Westreich
Interest in implementation science and recent calls for consequentialist epidemiology urge epidemiologists to produce work more immediately applicable to public health practice. A clear vocabulary for such approaches is lacking. Here, we present a potential taxonomy of causal effects, distinguishing between "exposure effects" more relevant to patients and individuals; and "population intervention effects" more relevant to public health policy. We discuss this range of effects using figures and a simple numerical example...
March 8, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273020/realizing-the-potential-of-cancer-prevention-the-role-of-implementation-science
#6
Karen M Emmons, Graham A Colditz
In the past two decades, we and others have estimated that more than half of cancers could have been prevented by applying knowledge that we already have. Tobacco use, inactivity, and obesity are modifiable causes of cancer, and evidence now suggests that vaccination against the human..
March 9, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264797/standards-for-reporting-implementation-studies-stari-statement
#7
Hilary Pinnock, Melanie Barwick, Christopher R Carpenter, Sandra Eldridge, Gonzalo Grandes, Chris J Griffiths, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Paul Meissner, Elizabeth Murray, Anita Patel, Aziz Sheikh, Stephanie J C Taylor
Implementation studies are often poorly reported and indexed, reducing their potential to inform initiatives to improve healthcare services. The Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies (StaRI) initiative aimed to develop guidelines for transparent and accurate reporting of implementation studies. Informed by the findings of a systematic review and a consensus-building e-Delphi exercise, an international working group of implementation science experts discussed and agreed the StaRI Checklist comprising 27 items...
March 6, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264720/improving-and-sustaining-delivery-of-cpt-for-ptsd-in-mental-health-systems-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#8
Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Erin P Finley, Norman Shields, Joan Cook, Rachel Haine-Schlagel, James F Burgess, Linda Dimeff, Kelly Koerner, Michael Suvak, Cassidy A Gutner, David Gagnon, Tasoula Masina, Matthew Beristianos, Kera Mallard, Vanessa Ramirez, Candice Monson
BACKGROUND: Large-scale implementation of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs) such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for posttraumatic stress disorder can have a tremendous impact on mental and physical health, healthcare utilization, and quality of life. While many mental health systems (MHS) have invested heavily in programs to implement EBPs, few eligible patients receive EBPs in routine care settings, and clinicians do not appear to deliver the full treatment protocol to many of their patients...
March 6, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243670/narrative-review-of-frameworks-for-translating-research-evidence-into-policy-and-practice
#9
Andrew J Milat, Ben Li
BACKGROUND: A significant challenge in research translation is that interested parties interpret and apply the associated terms and conceptual frameworks in different ways. The purpose of this review was to: a) examine different research translation frameworks; b) examine the similarities and differences between the frameworks; and c) identify key strengths and weaknesses of the models when they are applied in practice. METHODS: The review involved a keyword search of PubMed...
February 15, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215389/dissemination-and-implementation-science-training-needs-insights-from-practitioners-and-researchers
#10
Rachel G Tabak, Margaret M Padek, Jon F Kerner, Kurt C Stange, Enola K Proctor, Maureen J Dobbins, Graham A Colditz, David A Chambers, Ross C Brownson
INTRODUCTION: Dissemination and implementation research training has great potential to improve the impact and reach of health-related research; however, research training needs from the end user perspective are unknown. This paper identifies and prioritizes dissemination and implementation research training needs. METHODS: A diverse sample of researchers, practitioners, and policymakers was invited to participate in Concept Mapping in 2014-2015. Phase 1 (Brainstorming) gathered participants' responses to the prompt: To improve the impact of research evidence in practice and policy settings, a skill in which researchers need more training is… The resulting statement list was edited and included subsequent phases...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215385/research-to-practice-implementing-physical-activity-recommendations
#11
Sally M Davis, Theresa H Cruz, Richard L Kozoll
INTRODUCTION: Dissemination and implementation science focuses on bridging the gap between research and practice. The Community Preventive Services Task Force published recommendations for increasing physical activity based on scientific review and consensus. Little research on the dissemination and implementation of these recommendations has been conducted in under-represented populations at high risk for inactivity and chronic disease. METHODS: Partnering with one rural community (beta site), the University of New Mexico Prevention Research Center studied the translation of Community Preventive Services Task Force recommendations to practice...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215371/impact-of-the-cancer-prevention-and-control-research-network-accelerating-the-translation-of-research-into-practice
#12
EDITORIAL
Kurt M Ribisl, Maria E Fernandez, Daniela B Friedman, Peggy A Hannon, Jennifer Leeman, Alexis Moore, Lindsay Olson, Marcia Ory, Betsy Risendal, Laura Sheble, Vicky M Taylor, Rebecca S Williams, Bryan J Weiner
The Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network (CPCRN) is a thematic network dedicated to accelerating the adoption of evidence-based cancer prevention and control practices in communities by advancing dissemination and implementation science. Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Cancer Institute, CPCRN has operated at two levels: Each participating network center conducts research projects with primarily local partners as well as multicenter collaborative research projects with state and national partners...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212969/lessons-learned-when-introducing-pharmacogenomic-panel-testing-into-clinical-practice
#13
Marc B Rosenman, Brian Decker, Kenneth D Levy, Ann M Holmes, Victoria M Pratt, Michael T Eadon
OBJECTIVES: Implementing new programs to support precision medicine in clinical settings is a complex endeavor. We describe challenges and potential solutions based on the Indiana GENomics Implementation: an Opportunity for the Underserved (INGenious) program at Eskenazi Health-one of six sites supported by the Implementing GeNomics In pracTicE network grant of the National Institutes of Health/National Human Genome Research Institute. INGenious is an implementation of a panel of genomic tests...
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210296/european-lung-foundation-from-local-to-global
#14
REVIEW
Pippa Powell, Sîan Williams, Dan Smyth
KEY POINTS: Although there are many patient organisations in Europe, this is not the case in all countries across the globe.Access to care is one of the main global issues highlighted by the European Lung Foundation International Patient Advisory Committee.The European Respiratory Society/European Lung Foundation Healthy Lungs for Life campaign can be used locally or globally to raise awareness of the risk factors for lung disease.Implementation science is a method that can be used to assess the feasibility of using research findings in routine healthcare in clinical settings in different parts of the world...
September 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209173/moving-from-legality-to-reality-how-medical-abortion-methods-were-introduced-with-implementation-science-in-zambia
#15
Tamara Fetters, Ghazaleh Samandari, Patrick Djemo, Bellington Vwallika, Stephen Mupeta
BACKGROUND: Although abortion is technically legal in Zambia, the reality is far more complicated. This study describes the process and results of galvanizing access to medical abortion where abortion has been legal for many years, but provision severely limited. It highlights the challenges and successes of scaling up abortion care using implementation science to document 2 years of implementation. METHODS: An intervention between the Ministry of Health, University Teaching Hospital and the international organization Ipas, was established to introduce medical abortion and to address the lack of understanding and implementation of the country's abortion law...
February 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201795/implementation-science-in-sleep-medicine-commentary-on-parthasarathy-et-al-sleep-2016-39-12-2061-2075-implementation-of-sleep-and-circadian-science-recommendations-from-the-sleep-research-society-and-national-institutes-of-health-workshop
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188571/implementation-science-workshop-barriers-and-facilitators-to-increasing-mammography-screening-rates-in-california-s-public-hospitals
#17
Cassidy Clarity, Gato Gourley, Courtney Lyles, Sara Ackerman, Margaret A Handley, Dean Schillinger, Urmimala Sarkar, Joseph Conigliaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182618/the-evolving-landscape-of-hiv-drug-resistance-diagnostics-for-expanding-testing-in-resource-limited-settings
#18
Seth C Inzaule, Raph L Hamers, Roger Paredes, Chunfu Yang, Rob Schuurman, Tobias F Rinke de Wit
Global scale-up of antiretroviral treatment (ART) has dramatically changed the prospects of HIV/AIDS disease rendering life-long chronic care and treatment a reality for millions of HIV-infected patients. Affordable technologies to monitor ART are needed to ensure long-term durability of limited available drug regimens. HIV drug resistance tests can complement existing strategies in optimizing clinical decision-making for patients with treatment failure, in addition to facilitating population-based surveillance of HIV drug resistance...
February 9, 2017: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178987/enhancing-the-reporting-of-implementation-research
#19
EDITORIAL
Paul M Wilson, Anne Sales, Michel Wensing, Gregory A Aarons, Signe Flottorp, Liz Glidewell, Alison Hutchinson, Justin Presseau, Anne Rogers, Nick Sevdalis, Janet Squires, Sharon Straus
In the 10 years since the inception of Implementation Science, we have witnessed a continued rise in the number of submissions received, reflecting the continued global interest in methods to enhance the uptake of research findings into healthcare practice and policy. We receive over 750 submissions annually, and there is now a large gap between what is submitted and what gets published. In this editorial, we restate the journal scope and current boundaries. We also identify some specific reporting issues that if addressed will help enhance the scientific reporting quality and transparency of the manuscripts we receive...
February 8, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166787/the-efficacy-of-protected-mealtimes-in-hospitalised-patients-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Judi Porter, Terry P Haines, Helen Truby
BACKGROUND: Protected Mealtimes is an intervention developed to address the problem of malnutrition in hospitalised patients through increasing positive interruptions (such as feeding assistance) whilst minimising unnecessary interruptions (including ward rounds and diagnostic procedures) during mealtimes. This clinical trial aimed to measure the effect of implementing Protected Mealtimes on the energy and protein intake of patients admitted to the subacute setting. METHODS: A prospective, stepped wedge cluster randomised controlled trial was undertaken across three hospital sites at one health network in Melbourne, Australia...
February 7, 2017: BMC Medicine
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