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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035966/effectiveness-of-rifampicin-chemoprophylaxis-in-preventing-leprosy-in-patient-contacts-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-evidence
#1
Silvana Margarida Benevides Ferreira, Tatiana Yonekura, Eliane Ignotti, Larissa Bertacchini de Oliveira, Juliana Takahashi, Cassia Baldini Soares
BACKGROUND: Individuals in contact with patients who have leprosy have an increased risk of disease exposure, which reinforces the need for chemoprophylactic measures, such as the use of rifampicin. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the review was to synthesize the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of rifampicin chemoprophylaxis for contacts with patients with leprosy, and to synthesize the best available evidence on the experience and acceptability of rifampicin chemoprophylaxis as reported by the contacts and health professionals involved in the treatment of leprosy or Hansen's disease...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035965/effectiveness-of-bedrails-in-preventing-falls-among-hospitalized-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#2
Paulo Marques, Carmen Queirós, João Apóstolo, Daniela Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem today affecting adults of any age, but the elderly are a population that is more susceptible to falls. Falls are the leading cause of injury or death among older adults. Hospitalized older people are particularly vulnerable to falls. Falls cause direct injuries (minor injuries, severe wounds of the soft tissues and bone fractures) to patients and increased length of stay. The prevention of falls is commonly considered an indicator of the quality of care...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033997/the-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-stress-management-on-nurses-job-stress
#3
Jafar Shariatkhah, Zahra Farajzadeh, Kolsoom Khazaee
BACKGROUND: Job stress is a prevalent and costly problem in different working conditions. Stress can degrade care quality in nurses and elevate their willingness to leave the job. This study aimed to determine the effects of cognitive-behavioral stress management on nurses' job stress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study with a control group, 40 nurses from the educational hospitals in Birjand who had completed a job stress questionnaire with a score of more than 100 were selected and randomly allocated to two groups...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033995/effect-of-environmental-and-behavioral-interventions-on-pain-intensity-in-preterm-infants-for-heel-prick-blood-sampling-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#4
Fatemeh Baharlooei, Maryam Marofi, Zahra Abdeyazdan
BACKGROUND: Recent researches suggest that preterm infants understand pain and stress. Because of the wide range of effects of pain on infants, the present study was conducted on the effect of environmental and behavioral interventions on pain due to heel-prick blood sampling in preterm infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinical trial was conducted among 32 infants with gestational age of 32-37 weeks in the intervention and control groups. The effects of noise reduction by earplugs, light reduction by blindfolds, reduction of nursing manipulation, and creation of intrauterine position for neonates, 30 minutes before taking blood samples until 30 minutes after it, were measured during the intervention stage...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033985/the-effects-of-acupressure-on-pain-severity-in-female-nurses-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#5
Maryam Movahedi, Somayeh Ghafari, Fateme Nazari, Mahboubeh Valiani
BACKGROUND: Low back pain causes physical and psychological impacts among nurses. This study aimed to investigate the effects of acupressure on the severity of pain in chronic low back pain in female nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a single-blinded randomized clinical trial conducted among 50 nurses suffering from chronic low back pain. After simple sampling, participants were randomly assigned into acupressure and sham groups using lottery method (25 patients in each group)...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033267/palliative-care-in-interstitial-lung-disease-living-well
#6
REVIEW
Michael Kreuter, Elisabeth Bendstrup, Anne-Marie Russell, Sabrina Bajwah, Kathleen Lindell, Yochai Adir, Crystal E Brown, Greg Calligaro, Nicola Cassidy, Tamera J Corte, Klaus Geissler, Azza Adel Hassan, Kerri A Johannson, Ronaldo Kairalla, Martin Kolb, Yasuhiro Kondoh, Sylvia Quadrelli, Jeff Swigris, Zarir Udwadia, Athol Wells, Marlies Wijsenbeek
Progressive fibrotic interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are characterised by major reductions in quality of life and survival and have similarities to certain malignancies. However, palliative care expertise is conspicuously inaccessible to many patients with ILD. Unmet patient and caregiver needs include effective pharmacological and psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life throughout the disease course, sensitive advanced care planning, and timely patient-centred end-of-life care. The incorrect perception that palliative care is synonymous with end-of-life care, with no role earlier in the course of ILD, has created a culture of neglect...
October 12, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032792/centralisation-of-oesophagectomy-in-australia-is-only-caseload-critical
#7
Richard Hummel, Ngoc Hoang Ha, Andrew Lord, Markus I Trochsler, Guy Maddern, Harsh Kanhere
Objective High caseload is considered one of the most important factors for good outcomes after high-risk surgeries such as oesophagectomy. However, many Australian centres perform low volumes of oesophagectomies due to demographics. The aim of the present study was to audit outcome after oesophagectomy in an Australian low-volume centre over a period of 13 years and to discuss potential contributors to outcome other than just case volume.Methods Perioperative and long-term outcomes of all oesophagectomies over a 13-year period in a low-volume Australian tertiary care centre were analysed retrospectively...
October 16, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032298/factors-and-outcomes-associated-with-inpatient-cardiac-arrest-following-emergent-endotracheal-intubation
#8
Gabriel Wardi, Julian Villar, Thien Nguyen, Anuja Vyas, Nicholas Pokrajac, Anushirvan Minokadeh, Daniel Lasoff, Christopher Tainter, Jeremy R Beitler, Rebecca E Sell
BACKGROUND: Inpatient peri-intubation cardiac arrest (PICA) following emergent endotracheal intubation (ETI) is an uncommon but potentially preventable type of cardiac arrest (CA). Limited published data exist describing factors associated with inpatient PICA and patient outcomes. This study identifies risk factors associated with PICA among hospitalized patients emergently intubated out of the operating room and compares PICA to other types of inpatient CA. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study of patients at our institution over a five-year period...
October 11, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031492/comprehensive-vs-assisted-management-of-mood-and-pain-symptoms-cammps-trial-study-design-and-sample-characteristics
#9
Kurt Kroenke, Erica Evans, Sharon Weitlauf, Stephanie McCalley, Brian Porter, Tabeel Williams, Fitsum Baye, Spencer G Lourens, Marianne S Matthias, Matthew J Bair
BACKGROUND: Pain is the most common presenting somatic symptom in medical outpatients, and depression and anxiety are the two most common mental disorders. They frequently co-occur, are under-treated, and result in substantial disability and reduced health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The Comprehensive vs. Assisted Management of Mood and Pain Symptoms (CAMMPS) study is a randomized comparative effectiveness trial designed to test the relative effectiveness of a lower-resource vs...
October 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031316/identifying-the-unmet-supportive-care-needs-with-concomitant-influencing-factors-in-adult-acute-leukemia-patients-in-china
#10
Fang-Fang Yu, Yan-Ni Bai, Hua He, Li Zhu, Rui-Li Zhang, Hong-Xia Jiao, Qiao-Yan Li, Ju-Fang Fu
PURPOSE: To understand the supportive care needs (SCNs), with associated influencing factors, related to five unmet need dimensions in adult Acute Leukemia (AL) patients, in China. METHODS: This multi-center cross-sectional study enrolled 340 pathologically confirmed adult, Chinese AL patients who were requested to complete a self-reported questionnaire, detailing demographic information, general status and physical functions, and Supportive Care Needs Survey-Short Form 34 (SCNS-SF34), revealing their unmet SCNs...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030524/todaysbaby-quality-improvement-safe-sleep-teaching-and-role-modeling-in-8-us-maternity-units
#11
Ann Kellams, Margaret G Parker, Nicole L Geller, Rachel Y Moon, Eve R Colson, Emily Drake, Michael J Corwin, Mary McClain, W Christopher Golden, Fern R Hauck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nursing education and role modeling can increase adherence to safe sleep practices. Eight US hospital maternity units with variable baseline approaches to education participated in a national multicenter nursing quality improvement (QI) intervention to promote safe sleep practices. The goals at participating maternity units were to (1) increase the rate of mothers who reported receiving safe sleep information from nurses to ≥90% and (2) increase the rates of infants observed sleeping supine in a safe environment to ≥90%...
October 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030327/the-effectiveness-of-ehealth-technologies-on-weight-management-in-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Diana Sherifali, Kara A Nerenberg, Shanna Wilson, Kevin Semeniuk, Muhammad Usman Ali, Leanne M Redman, Kristi B Adamo
BACKGROUND: The emergence and utilization of electronic health (eHealth) technologies has increased in a variety of health interventions. Exploiting the real-time advantages offered by mobile technologies during and after pregnancy has the potential to empower women and encourage behaviors that may improve maternal and child health. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of eHealth technologies for weight management during pregnancy and the postpartum period and to review the efficacy of eHealth technologies on health behaviors, specifically nutrition and physical activity...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029892/the-expert-s-guide-to-mealtime-interventions-a-delphi-method-survey
#13
Simone Conchin, Sharon Carey
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of malnutrition and a myriad of barriers to adequate oral diet in hospitalised patients warrants further investment to improve the patient mealtime experience. The aim of this study was to explore barriers and enablers to implementing effective mealtime interventions and develop a process framework to guide clinicians and researchers in the area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Potential experts in the area of hospital mealtime intervention were identified as having published in this field of work within the Australasian setting...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029687/a-qualitative-study-of-copd-patients-experience-of-a-telemedicine-intervention
#14
Lene Nissen, Tove Lindhardt
BACKGROUND: Clinically stable patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are often followed at regular intervals regardless of the needs. Our aim was to investigate the patient perspective on receiving telemedicine with weekly submission of readings and regular video consultations (Net-COPD) as an alternative to visits in the respiratory outpatient clinic and investigating the role of telemedicine in management of severe COPD. DESIGN: Descriptive design and the method is qualitative based on semistructured interviews...
November 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028991/a-bayesian-procedure-for-estimating-the-causal-effects-of-nursing-home-bed-hold-policy
#15
Roee Gutman, Orna Intrator, Tony Lancaster
Nursing home bed-hold policies provide continuity of care for Medicaid beneficiaries by paying nursing homes to reserve beds so residents can return to their facility of occupancy following an acute hospitalization. In 2001, Michigan implemented bed-hold policies in nursing homes. We investigated the impact of these policies on mortality and hospitalizations using 1999-2004 quarterly data from nursing homes in Michigan and nursing homes in 11 states that did not implement such policies. Synthetic Control has been used to estimate the effects of policies by accounting for changes over time unrelated to the intervention...
October 3, 2017: Biostatistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028775/the-effect-of-progressive-relaxation-exercises-on-fatigue-and-sleep-quality-in-individuals-with-copd
#16
Cemile Kutmec Yilmaz, Sevgisun Kapucu
This randomized controlled experimental study was conducted to investigate the effect of progressive muscle relaxation exercises on dyspnea, fatigue, and sleep quality in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. A Descriptive Questionnaire and the Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Asthma Fatigue Scale, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Asthma Sleep Scale and Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale were used for data collection. The decrease in the mean dyspnea, fatigue, and sleep scores in the intervention group was statistically significantly more pronounced than the patients in the control group (P < ...
November 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028691/job-burnout-reduces-hand-hygiene-compliance-among-nursing-staff
#17
Georgios Manomenidis, Efharis Panagopoulou, Anthony Montgomery
OBJECTIVES: Health professional burnout has been associated with suboptimal care and reduced patient safety. However, the extent to which burnout influences hand hygiene compliance among health professionals has yet to be explored. The aim of the study was to examine whether job burnout reduces hand washing compliance among nursing staff. METHODS: A diary study was conducted. Forty registered nurses working in a general city hospital in Thessaloniki, Greece, completed a questionnaire, while they were monitored for hand hygiene compliance following the World Health Organization protocol for hand hygiene assessment...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028566/concept-mapping-to-promote-meaningful-learning-help-relate-theory-to-practice-and-improve-learning-self-efficacy-in-asian-mental-health-nursing-students-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#18
Daniel T Bressington, Wai-Kit Wong, Kar Kei Claire Lam, Wai Tong Chien
OBJECTIVES: Student nurses are provided with a great deal of knowledge within university, but they can find it difficult to relate theory to nursing practice. This study aimed to test the appropriateness and feasibility of assessing Novak's concept mapping as an educational strategy to strengthen the theory-practice link, encourage meaningful learning and enhance learning self-efficacy in nursing students. DESIGN: This pilot study utilised a mixed-methods quasi-experimental design...
October 5, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027297/factors-associated-with-ambulatory-care-sensitive-emergency-department-visits-for-south-carolina-medicaid-members-with-intellectual-disability
#19
S McDermott, J Royer, J R Mann, B S Armour
INTRODUCTION: Ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) can be seen as failure of access or management in primary care settings. Identifying factors associated with ACSCs for individuals with an Intellectual Disability (ID) provide insight into potential interventions. METHOD: To assess the association between emergency department (ED) ACSC visits and a number of demographic and health characteristics of South Carolina Medicaid members with ID. A retrospective cohort of adults with ID was followed from 2001 to 2011...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026812/medical-student-perception-of-plastic-surgery-and-the-impact-of-mainstream-media
#20
S J Fraser, S Al Youha, P J Rasmussen, J G Williams
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery as a discipline is poorly understood by many, including primary care physicians, nurses, medical students, and the public. These misconceptions affect the specialty in a number of ways, including referral patterns and recruitment of medical students into residency programs. The reason for these commonly held misconceptions has not yet been addressed in the plastic surgery literature. As such, we assessed medical students' knowledge and perceptions of plastic surgery as a discipline and explored factors influencing these opinions...
February 2017: Plastic Surgery
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