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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470216/creamed-dishes-for-the-convalescent
#1
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Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
March 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470002/complementary-therapies-for-pain-among-individuals-receiving-hemodialysis-a-systematic-review
#2
Savannah Zins, Cynthia R Gross, Edwin D Huff, Mary Catherine Hooke
Pain is a major problem for individuals undergoing hemodialysis and can lead to decreased quality of life when ineffectively managed. Pain is often reported as burdensome; thus, nurses must learn effective, nonpharmacological adjuncts to help care for symptomatic patients. The purpose of this review was to identify non-pharmacologic complementary therapies and evaluate their effectiveness in minimizing pain among individuals undergoing hemodialysis. Multiple complementary interventions were identified, and several reduced pain, but evidence is qualified by limitations in study methods...
January 2018: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469951/the-minimal-clinically-important-difference-of-the-richmond-agitation-sedation-scale-in-patients-with-cancer-with-agitated-delirium
#3
David Hui, Kenneth Hess, Seyedeh S Dibaj, Joseph Arthur, Rony Dev, Shalini Dalal, Suresh Reddy, Eduardo Bruera
BACKGROUND: The Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale (RASS) is commonly used to assess psychomotor activity; however, to the authors' knowledge, its minimal clinically important difference (MCID) has not been determined to date. The objective of the current study was to identify the MCID for RASS using 2 anchor-based approaches. METHODS: The current study was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial to compare the effect of lorazepam versus placebo as an adjuvant to haloperidol for persistent agitation in patients with delirium...
February 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469649/a-new-way-of-organising-palliative-care-for-patients-with-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Marie Lavesen, Kristoffer Bastrup-Madsen Marsa, Dorthe Gaby Bove
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often live with unmet palliative needs and low quality of life, although several guidelines recommend that those with COPD should be offered early and integrated palliative care. However, none of the guidelines describe how these recommendations can be operationalised and the current literature offers little information about experiences with developing and implementing new palliative care services. This article offers insight into the experience of developing and implementing a new palliative outpatient structure for patients with severe COPD...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468898/paratonia-in-flemish-nursing-homes-current-state-of-practice
#5
Bieke Van Deun, Nele Van den Noortgate, Saucedo Cinthia, Anke Van Bladel, Cambier Dirk
BACKGROUND: Paratonia is a major underlying motor problem impeding functionality and locomotion in dementia. Despite its undeniable impact on patient's quality of life and daily care, there is a lack of evidence-based therapy on patients with this condition. METHODS: We surveyed physiotherapists working in nursing homes in Flanders (Belgium) concerning the use and perceived effect of therapeutic strategies and positioning methods/aids. RESULTS: Positioning and soft passive mobilization were the most applied and positively appraised therapeutic interventions...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468777/caring-for-crying-babies-a-mixed-methods-study-to-understand-factors-influencing-nurses-and-doctors-management-of-infant-colic
#6
James McGann, Jaqueline Manohar, Harriet Hiscock, Denise O'Connor, Jan Hodgson, Franz Babl, Valerie Sung
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the barriers and enablers influencing the uptake of two recommendations from a tertiary paediatric hospital's clinical practice guidelines by maternal and child health nurses (MCHNs) and emergency department (ED) doctors: (i) explaining normal crying; and (ii) avoiding attributing crying to gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) and limiting anti-reflux medication use. METHODS: The study was designed as 1-h focus group discussions, guided by the Theoretical Domains Framework, and a short questionnaire, with a purposive sample of MCHNs and ED doctors in Victoria, Australia in (March to September) 2015...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467568/commentary-addressing-racial-disparities-in-stroke-the-wide-spectrum-investigation-of-stroke-outcome-disparities-on-multiple-levels-wissdom
#7
EDITORIAL
Robert J Adams, Charles Ellis, Gayenell Magwood, Mark S Kindy, Leonardo Bonilha, Daniel T Lackland
Racial-ethnic disparities in stroke recovery are well-established in the United States but the underlying causes are not well-understood. The typical assumption that racial-ethnic disparities in stroke recovery are explained by health care access inequities may be simplistic as access to stroke-related rehabilitation, for example, does not adequately explain the observed disparities. To approach the problem in a more comprehensive fashion, the Wide Spectrum Investigation of Stroke Outcome Disparities on Multiple Levels (WISSDOM) was developed to bring together scientists from Regenerative Medicine, Neurology, Rehabilitation, and Nursing to examine disparities in stroke "recovery...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466977/the-rotterdam-elderly-pain-observation-scale-repos-is-reliable-and-valid-for-non-communicative-end-of-life-patients
#8
Anniek D Masman, Monique van Dijk, Joost van Rosmalen, Frans P M Baar, Dick Tibboel, Anneke A Boerlage
BACKGROUND: In palliative care, administration of opioids is often indispensable for pain treatment. Pain assessment may help recognize pain and guide treatment in non-communicative patients. In the Netherlands the Rotterdam Elderly Pain Observation Scale (REPOS) is recommended to this aim, but not yet validated. Therefore the objective of this study was to validate the REPOS in non-communicative or unconscious end-of-life patients. METHODS: In this observational study, the primary researcher applied the REPOS, while both the researcher and a nurse applied the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS)...
February 21, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466915/effects-of-sexual-media-literacy-education-for-school-nurses-in-south-korea
#9
Seong-Sook Baek, Hae Young Min, Jong-Eun Lee, Shin-Jeong Kim
This study aimed to examine the effects of a sexual education program (SEP) focused on sexual media literacy (SML) for school nurses. A quasi-experimental, pre-/posttest design was used to examine SML knowledge, awareness, reinterpretation skill, and self-efficacy. A total of 66 school nurses participated. The experimental group ( n = 35) participated in an 18-hr SEP that focused on SML, while the control group ( n = 31) did not. The experimental group showed significant improvement in knowledge ( t = 6.47, d = 1...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466350/heart-rate-variability-markers-as-correlates-of-survival-in-recipients-of-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#10
Caroline Scheiber, Laura Johnston, Mary Packer, Richard Gevirtz, Katharine S Edwards, Oxana Palesh
OBJECTIVES: To assess pre-/post-transplantation changes in autonomic tone, as measured by heart rate variability (HRV), among patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) and to look at those changes as they relate to post-transplantation survival rates. 
. SAMPLE & SETTING: Data were derived from a sample of 27 English-speaking patients undergoing allogeneic or autologous HCT at Stanford University. 
. METHODS & VARIABLES: A survival analysis using the Kaplan-Meier estimator was employed to explore whether increased HRV would enhance survival probabilities over time among patients undergoing HCT...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466346/oncology-nurses-knowledge-confidence-and-practice-in-addressing-caregiver-strain-and-burden
#11
Margaret M Irwin, William Dudley, Laurel Northouse, Donna L Berry, Gail A Mallory
OBJECTIVES: To describe nurses' practices, confidence, and knowledge of evidence-based interventions for cancer caregiver strain and burden and to identify factors that contribute to these aspects. 
. SAMPLE & SETTING: 2,055 Oncology Nursing Society members completed an emailed survey.
. METHODS & VARIABLES: Pooled analysis of survey results. Variables included the baseline nursing assessment, intervention, confidence, knowledge, strategies used, and barriers encountered...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466345/symptom-dimensions-as-outcomes-in-interventions-for-patients-with-cancer-a-systematic-review
#12
Ingela Henoch, Cecilia Olsson, Maria Larsson, Karin Ahlberg
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Symptom experience in patients with cancer consists of several dimensions, often measured descriptively within various populations but seldom used as intervention outcomes. This review aims at describing symptom dimensions as outcomes of interventions designed to alleviate symptoms in patients with cancer and to describe these interventions' effects on at least two symptom dimensions. 
. LITERATURE SEARCH: The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews was used...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466236/mentoring-as-a-knowledge-translation-intervention-for-implementing-nursing-practice-guidelines-a-qualitative-study
#13
Ghadah Abdullah, Kathryn A S Higuchi, Jenny Ploeg, Dawn Stacey
An interpretive descriptive qualitative study was conducted to explore the characteristics and outcomes of mentoring used for implementing nursing practice guidelines. We interviewed six mentees, eight mentors, and four program leaders who were involved in the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario fellowship program in Ontario, Canada. Inductive content analysis was used and study rigor was verified using triangulation of findings and member checking. Mentors were described as accessible, dedicated, and having expertise; mentees were described as enthusiastic, self-directed, and having mixed levels of expertise...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465743/participation-in-bowel-screening-among-men-attending-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-screening
#14
A J Quyn, C G Fraser, J Rodger, A Digan, A S Anderson, R J C Steele
BACKGROUND: Uptake of population-based screening for colorectal cancer in Scotland is around 55 per cent. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening has recently been introduced for men aged 65 years and the reported uptake is 78 per cent. The aim was to determine the impact of a brief intervention on bowel screening in men who attended AAA screening, but previously failed to complete bowel screening. METHODS: Men invited for AAA screening between September 2015 and March 2016 within NHS Tayside were included...
February 21, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465664/knowledge-practices-and-barriers-to-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-prescribing-among-washington-state-medical-providers
#15
Brian R Wood, Vanessa M McMahan, Kelly Naismith, Jonathan B Stockton, Lori A Delaney, Joanne D Stekler
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) awareness and prescribing practices among Washington State medical providers from diverse professional disciplines and practice types. METHODS: In May 2016, we administered an anonymous online survey to licensed medical practitioners who provide primary, longitudinal, walk-in, emergency, obstetric, gynecologic, sexually transmitted infection (STI), or family planning care. RESULTS: Of 735 eligible providers, 64...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465277/what-is-the-impact-of-targeted-health-education-for-mental-health-nurses-in-the-provision-of-physical-health-care-an-integrated-literature-review
#16
Sinead Hennessy, Angela M Cocoman
Individuals with a severe mental illness have a gap in life expectancy of up to twenty years in comparison to the general population. Nurses who work in mental health services have been identified as best placed to improve the physical health outcomes of individuals with mental illness. The literature identifies a lack of nursing knowledge related to physical health care and the presence of metabolic syndrome which is impeding nurses in providing essential physical health care to patients. An integrated literature review was carried out due to the dearth of research evidence pertaining to the impact of targeted education specifically with psychiatric/mental health nurses in the provision of physical healthcare...
February 21, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464800/gender-differences-in-retirement-planning-a-longitudinal-study-among-spanish-registered-nurses
#17
Gabriela Topa, Adrián Segura, Sergio Pérez
BACKGROUND: Consistent patterns of gender differences in retirement planning behaviours have been shown but little is known about these behaviours among nurses. AIMS: To analyse the antecedents of the behaviours to prepare for retirement in nurses older than 55 and to identify differences as a function of gender. METHODS: A two-wave longitudinal study with Spanish nurses (n = 132). RESULTS: Statistically significant gender differences were revealed...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464745/effects-of-a-prevention-program-for-internet-addiction-among-middle-school-students-in-south-korea
#18
Sun-Yi Yang, Hee-Soon Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the effects of a self-regulatory efficacy improvement program on self-control, self-efficacy, internet addiction, and time spent on the internet among middle school students in South Korea. The program was led by school nurses, and it is integrated self-efficacy and self-regulation promotion strategies based on Bandura's social cognitive theory. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A quasi-experimental, nonequivalent, control group, pre-posttest design was used...
February 21, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464446/supportive-therapy-in-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-often-forgotten-but-important
#19
REVIEW
Xi-Feng Jin, Matilde P Spampatti, Christine Spitzweg, Christoph J Auernhammer
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a group of rare and heterogeneous malignancies that can develop in various organs. A significant number of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP-NETs) is functionally active and presents with symptoms related to the secretion of biologically active substances, leading to the development of distinct clinical syndromes. There are various therapeutic approaches for GEP-NETs, including curative surgery, palliative surgery, local-ablative and loco-regional therapies as well as systemic therapeutic options including peptide receptor radionuclide therapy, cytotoxic therapy, and molecularly targeted therapies...
February 20, 2018: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463484/the-effects-of-an-interactive-nursing-skills-mobile-application-on-nursing-students-knowledge-self-efficacy-and-skills-performance-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Hyunsun Kim, Eunyoung E Suh
PURPOSE: Clinical nursing practice is important because it helps nursing students experience realities of clinical nursing that cannot be learned through theoretical education. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an interactive nursing skills mobile application for nursing students. METHODS: Sixty-six senior nursing students were randomly assigned to experimental or control groups. The experimental group used an interactive nursing skills mobile application for 1 week...
January 12, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
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