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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779525/geometrical-constraint-of-sources-in-noninvasive-localization-of-premature-ventricular-contractions
#1
Jana Svehlikova, Michal Teplan, Milan Tysler
The inverse problem of electrocardiography for localization of a premature ventricular contraction (PVC) origin was solved and compared for three types of the equivalent cardiac electrical generator: transmembrane voltages, epicardial potentials, and dipoles. Instead of regularization methods usually used for the ill-posed inverse problems an assumption of a single point source representative of the heart generator was applied to the solution as a geometrical constraint. Body surface potential maps were simulated from eight modeled origins of the PVC in the heart model...
May 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759625/post-extrasystolic-potentiation-as-a-predictor-of-recovery-of-left-ventricular-dysfunction-after-radiofrequency-catheter-ablation
#2
Balaji Krishnan, Ashwini Sankar, Inder Anand, Selcuk Adabag, Jian-Ming Li, Edward O McFalls, David G Benditt, Kalyanam Shivkumar, Venkatakrishna N Tholakanahalli
OBJECTIVES: This study hypothesizes that post-extrasystolic potentiation reflects left ventricle contractile reserve and therefore may predict an improvement of premature ventricular contraction (PVC)-induced cardiomyopathy after PVC ablation. BACKGROUND: Post-extrasystolic potentiation is a physiologic phenomenon of blood pressure accentuation after a PVC beat. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients with a PVC burden of ≥10% PVC/24 h and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of <50% who underwent successful ablation between January 1, 2009, to June 30, 2015...
November 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759536/value-of-a-posterior-electrocardiographic-lead-for-localization-of-ventricular-outflow-tract-arrhythmias-the-v-4-v-8-ratio
#3
Fengxiang Zhang, David Hamon, Zhen Fang, Yan Xu, Bing Yang, Weizhu Ju, Jason Bradfield, Kalyanam Shivkumar, Minglong Chen, Roderick Tung
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to prospectively evaluate the value of a dedicated electrocardiographic posterior lead to create an anteroposterior ratio to localize premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) between the right ventricular outflow tract and left ventricular outflow tract for catheter ablation. BACKGROUND: The anteroposterior relationship between the right and left outflow tract has not been explored for electrocardiographic localization of ventricular arrhythmia...
July 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756983/-endocrine-disruptors-in-artificial-nutrition
#4
Maria B Badia Tahull, Elisabet Leiva Badosa, Montserrat Colls González, Josep Llop Talaverón
Phthalates are chemical compounds classified as endocrine disruptors which are present in practically every environment of daily life. In the field of artificial nutrition, they are relevant because they are found as plasticizers in infusion lines made with PVC. They are lipophilic molecules which weakly pair with PVC and, therefore, they are easily extracted by the fatty compounds that are part of both the parenteral and enteral nutrition, as various studies show. As endocrine disruptors, they directly affect the reproductive organs because of their antiandrogenic and estrogenic effects...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752082/pvc-membrane-coated-wire-and-carbon-paste-ion-selective-electrodes-for-potentiometric-determination-of-galantamine-hydrobromide-in-physiological-fluids
#5
Fatehy M Abdel-Haleem, Mohamed Saad, Ahmed Barhoum, Mikhael Bechelany, Mahmoud S Rizk
We report on highly-sensitive ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) for potentiometric determining of galantamine hydrobromide (GB) in physiological fluids. Galantamine hydrobromide (GB) was selected for this study due to its previous medical importance for treating Alzheimer's disease. Three different types of ISEs were investigated: PVC membrane electrode (PVCE), carbon-paste electrode (CPE), and coated-wire electrode (CWE). In the construction of these electrodes, galantaminium-reineckate (GR) ion-pair was used as a sensing species for GB in solutions...
August 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751654/biodegradation-of-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-by-rhodococcus-ruber-yc-yt1-in-contaminated-water-and-soil
#6
Ting Yang, Lei Ren, Yang Jia, Shuanghu Fan, Junhuan Wang, Jiayi Wang, Ruth Nahurira, Haisheng Wang, Yanchun Yan
Di-(2-ethylehxyl) phthalate (DEHP) is one of the most broadly representative phthalic acid esters (PAEs) used as a plasticizer in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) production, and is considered to be an endocrine-disrupting chemical. DEHP and its monoester metabolites are responsible for adverse effects on human health. An efficient DEHP-degrading bacterial strain Rhodococcus ruber YC-YT1, with super salt tolerance (0⁻12% NaCl), is the first DEHP-degrader isolated from marine plastic debris found in coastal saline seawater...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751498/fast-potentiometric-analysis-of-lead-in-aqueous-medium-under-competitive-conditions-using-an-acridono-crown-ether-neutral-ionophore
#7
Ádám Golcs, Viola Horváth, Péter Huszthy, Tünde Tóth
Lead is a particularly toxic heavy metal that is present above acceptable levels in the water of many countries. This article describes a quick detection method of lead(II) ions using a polyvinyl chloride (PVC)-based ion-selective membrane electrode containing an acridono-crown ether ionophore by potentiometry. The electrochemical cell exhibits a Nernstian response for lead(II) ions between the concentration range of 10&minus;4 to 10&minus;2 M, and can be used in the pH range of 4⁻7. The applicability of this sensor was verified by measuring a multicomponent aqueous sample...
May 3, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745607/-characteristics-of-the-inferior-wall-hypertrophy-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-patients-with-contrast-echocardiography
#8
Zhiyue Liu, Wen Zhang, Xianchao Jing, Lei Xiao, He Huang
We tried to explore the value of contrast echocardiography (CEcho) on evaluating hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with the inferior wall hypertrophy. A total of 114 patients with HCM were investigated. All the patients received CEcho and routine echocardiography (Echo), and 45 of them received cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and 47 of them received Holter. The frequency and percentage of inferior wall hypertrophy were analyzed in HCM patients, as well as the structure and function. The results showed that: (1) Inferior wall hypertrophy was detected in 55 patients (48%) by Echo, while 68 patients (60%) by CEcho...
February 1, 2018: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743421/regioselective-immobilization-of-a-pvc-membrane-composed-of-an-ionic-liquid-based-dye-on-convex-shaped-pdms-surface-for-multiplexed-microanalytical-devices
#9
Tatsumi Mizuta, Kenichi Maeno, Kenji Sueyoshi, Tatsuro Endo, Hideaki Hisamoto
A novel method for the intact immobilization of a very-thin and soft PVC membrane on a convex-shaped poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) surface is described. The present method using PVA film as a sacrificial layer allowed successful immobilization of an intact PVC membrane using an ionic liquid-based dye on only the convex-shaped PDMS surface without any deformation or increase of the inhomogeneity. In addition, two different kinds of PVC membranes were successfully immobilized simultaneously toward multiplexed detection...
2018: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742310/sampling-and-inactivation-of-wet-disseminated-spores-from-flooring-materials-using-commercially-available-robotic-vacuum-cleaners
#10
Katy-Anne Thompson, Susan Paton, Thomas Pottage, Allan Bennett
AIMS: Four commercially available robotic vacuum cleaners were assessed for sampling efficiency of wet disseminated Bacillus atrophaeus spores on carpet, Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) and laminate flooring. Furthermore, their operability was evaluated and decontamination efficiency of one robot was assessed using a sodium hypochlorite solution. METHODS AND RESULTS: In an environmental chamber, robots self-navigated around 4 m2 of flooring containing a single contaminated 0...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737447/predicting-value-of-coupling-interval-variability-in-determining-the-origin-of-ventricular-premature-contractions-with-v3-transition
#11
Umut Celikyurt, Aysen Agir, Irem Karauzum, Kurtulus Karauzum, Tayfun Sahin, Ahmet Vural
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the predictive value of coupling interval variability (ΔCI) in determining the origin of idiopathic outflow tract ventricular tachycardia (OTVT) with V3 transition. METHODS: We reviewed data from 126 patients who underwent catheter ablation of OTVT between 2015 and 2018 at our institution. We identified 32 patients of successful OTVT ablation with a precordial transition at V3 derivation. The ΔCI (maximum - minimum CI) was measured...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734697/field-studies-evaluating-bait-acceptance-and-handling-by-free-roaming-dogs-in-thailand
#12
Suwicha Kasemsuwan, Karoon Chanachai, Tanu Pinyopummintr, Kansuda Leelalapongsathon, Kitipat Sujit, Ad Vos
(1) Background: As part of the ongoing endeavor to eliminate dog-mediated human rabies in Thailand, renewed interest has been shown in oral vaccination of dogs as a supplementary tool to increase vaccination coverage of the dog population. (2) Methods: Three different bait types were tested using a hand-out model on the campus of the Kasetsart University and the surrounding temples in Thailand during September 2017, consisting of two industrial manufactured baits (fish meal and egg-flavored) and one bait made from local material (boiled pig intestine placed in collagen casing)...
May 4, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734110/calixarene-doped-pvc-polymeric-films-as-size-selective-optical-sensors-monitoring-of-salicylate-in-real-samples
#13
Fatehy M Abdel-Haleem, Rasha M El Nashar
Preparation of novel salicylate-selective optical sensors (bulk optodes) was performed and applied successfully for salicylate determination in pharmaceutical formulations, Aspirin® and Aspocid®. t-butyl calix[4]arene ionophore was incorporated in a plasticized poly (vinyl-chloride) membrane containing the chromoionophore ETH5294 (O1 ) or ETH7075 (O5 ). The optical response to salicylate was due to size-selective extraction of salicylate from the aqueous solution to the optode bulk through formation of hydrogen bond accompanied by chromoionophore protonation, that resulted in the optical response at 680 or 540 nm for O1 or O5 , respectively...
May 1, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718141/pvcbase-an-integrated-web-resource-for-the-pvc-bacterial-proteomes
#14
Nicola Bordin, Juan Carlos González-Sánchez, Damien P Devos
Interest in the Planctomycetes-Verrucomicrobia-Chlamydiae (PVC) bacterial superphylum is growing within the microbiology community. These organisms do not have a specialized web resource that gathers in silico predictions in an integrated fashion. Hence, we are providing the PVC community with PVCbase, a specialized web resource that gathers in silico predictions in an integrated fashion. PVCbase integrates protein function annotations obtained through sequence analysis and tertiary structure prediction for 39 representative PVC proteomes (PVCdb), a protein feature visualizer (Foundation) and a custom BLAST webserver (PVCBlast) that allows to retrieve the annotation of a hit directly from the DataTables...
January 1, 2018: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717310/stereodynamic-insight-into-the-thermal-history-effects-on-poly-vinyl-chloride-calorimetric-sub-glass-and-glass-transitions-as-a-fragile-glass-model
#15
Jean-Mathieu Pin, Ehsan Behazin, Manjusri Misra, Amar Mohanty
The dynamic thermal history impact of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) has been explored for a wide range of pre-cooling rates, from 1 to 30 °C min-1. A first macroscopic insight into the dynamic thermal history influence has been highlighted through a decrease in the apparent activation energy (Eapp) in the first stage of the glass transition. The overall glass transition Eapp surface was successfully modeled in a polynomial fashion regarding the pre-cooling range. Raman scattering was used to associate the Eapp variations along the glass transition conversion with the stereochemistry evolution during the polymeric relaxation...
May 2, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713818/right-ventriculo-arterial-uncoupling-and-impaired-contractile-reserve-in-obese-patients-with-unexplained-exercise-intolerance
#16
Colm McCabe, Rudolf K F Oliveira, Farbod Rahaghi, Mariana Faria-Urbina, Luke Howard, Richard G Axell, Andrew N Priest, Aaron B Waxman, David M Systrom
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction may contribute to exercise intolerance in obesity. To further define RV exercise responses, we investigated RV-arterial coupling in obesity with and without development of exercise pulmonary venous hypertension (ePVH). METHODS: RV-arterial coupling defined as RV end-systolic elastance/pulmonary artery elastance (Ees/Ea) was calculated from invasive cardiopulmonary exercise test data in 6 controls, 8 obese patients without ePVH (Obese-ePVH) and 8 obese patients with ePVH (Obese+ePVH) within a larger series...
April 30, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709244/scn5a-mutation-type-and-topology-are-associated-with-the-risk-of-ventricular-arrhythmia-by-sodium-channel-blockers
#17
Ahmad S Amin, Yolan J Reckman, Elena Arbelo, Anne M Spanjaart, Pieter G Postema, Rafik Tadros, Michael W Tanck, Maarten P Van den Berg, Arthur A M Wilde, Hanno L Tan
BACKGROUND: Ventricular fibrillation in patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS) is often initiated by premature ventricular contractions (PVCs). Presence of SCN5A mutation increases the risk of PVCs upon exposure to sodium channel blockers (SCB) in patients with baseline type-1 ECG. In patients without baseline type-1 ECG, however, the effect of SCN5A mutation on the risk of SCB-induced arrhythmia is unknown. We aimed to establish whether presence/absence, type, and topology of SCN5A mutation correlates with PVC occurrence during ajmaline infusion...
April 27, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705553/dictionary-based-monitoring-of-premature-ventricular-contractions-an-ultra-low-cost-point-of-care-service
#18
S Chandra Bollepalli, S Sastry Challa, Laxminarayana Anumandla, Soumya Jana
While cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are prevalent across economic strata, the economically disadvantaged population is disproportionately affected due to the high cost of traditional CVD management, involving consultations, testing and monitoring at medical facilities. Accordingly, developing an ultra-low-cost alternative, affordable even to groups at the bottom of the economic pyramid, has emerged as a societal imperative. Against this backdrop, we propose an inexpensive yet accurate home-based electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring service...
April 25, 2018: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702564/feasibility-study-on-s-band-microwave-radiation-and-3d-thermal-infrared-imaging-sensor-aided-recognition-of-polymer-materials-from-end-of-life-vehicles
#19
Jiu Huang, Zhuangzhuang Zhu, Chuyuan Tian, Zhengfu Bian
With the increase the worldwide consumption of vehicles, end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) have kept rapidly increasing in the last two decades. Metallic parts and materials of ELVs can be easily reused and recycled, but the automobile shredder residues (ASRs), of which elastomer and plastic materials make up the vast majority, are difficult to recycle. ASRs are classified as hazardous materials in the main industrial countries, and are required to be materially recycled up to 85⁻95% by mass until 2020. However, there is neither sufficient theoretical nor practical experience for sorting ASR polymers...
April 27, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698331/occurrence-of-phlebitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Wen P Chang, Yu X Peng
BACKGROUND: Peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) are commonly used in clinical practice. However, varying degrees of phlebitis often occur in patients receiving intravenous injections. The relevant literature suggests that phlebitis occurrence is highly associated with the catheter gauge, insertion site, and catheterization duration. Nevertheless, no meta-analysis has been performed on the influence of these three factors on the occurrence of phlebitis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether any significant differences exist in the occurrence of phlebitis between catheters of 20 gauge or smaller and those larger than 20 gauge, between catheters inserted in the antecubital fossa and those inserted in other locations on the upper limbs, or between catheters inserted for more than 96 hours and those inserted for 96 hours or less...
May 2018: Nursing Research
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