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Neovascularization in plaque

Mattia Cattaneo, Daniel Staub, Alessandra P Porretta, Jeanne Marie Gallino, Paolo Santini, Costanzo Limoni, Rolf Wyttenbach, Augusto Gallino
Here we provide the correlation among different carotid ultrasound (US) variables to assess echogenicity n standard carotid US and to assess intraplaque neovascularization on contrast enhanced US. We recruited 45 consecutive subjects with an asymptomatic≥50% carotid artery stenosis. Carotid plaque echogenicity at standard US was visually graded according to Gray-Weale classification (GW) and measured by the greyscale median (GSM), a semi-automated computerized measurement performed by Adobe Photoshop(®)...
December 2016: Data in Brief
Enrico Ammirati, Francesco Moroni, Marco Magnoni, Simona Di Terlizzi, Chiara Villa, Federico Sizzano, Alessio Palini, Katia Garlaschelli, Fernanda Tripiciano, Isabella Scotti, Alberico Luigi Catapano, Angelo A Manfredi, Giuseppe Danilo Norata, Paolo G Camici
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Monocytes are known to play a key role in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis and contribute to plaque destabilization through the generation of signals that promote inflammation and neoangiogenesis. In humans, studies investigating the features of circulating monocytes in advanced atherosclerotic lesions are lacking. METHODS: Patients (mean age 69 years, 56% males) with intermediate asymptomatic carotid stenosis (40-70% in diameter) were evaluated for maximal stenosis in common carotid artery, carotid bulb and internal carotid artery, overall disease burden as estimated with total plaque area (TPA), greyscale and neovascularization in 244 advanced carotid plaques...
October 6, 2016: Atherosclerosis
Adam Łukasiewicz, Adam Garkowski, Katarzyna Rutka, Jacek Janica, Urszula Łebkowska
It is hypothesized that the degree of vascularization of the thrombus may have a significant impact on the rupture of aortic aneurysms. The presence of neovascularization of the vessel wall and mural thrombus has been confirmed only in histopathological studies. However, no non-invasive imaging technique of qualitative assessment of thrombus and neovascularization has been implemented so far. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has been proposed as a feasible and minimally invasive technique for in vivo visualization of neovascularization in the evaluation of tumors and atherosclerotic plaques...
September 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
Thorsten Derlin, Johannes Thiele, Desiree Weiberg, James T Thackeray, Klaus Püschel, Hans-Jürgen Wester, Lukas Aguirre Dávila, Axel Larena-Avellaneda, Günter Daum, Frank M Bengel, Udo Schumacher
OBJECTIVE: Intraplaque neovascularization contributes to the progression and rupture of atherosclerotic lesions. Glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) is strongly expressed by endothelial cells of tumor neovasculature and plays a major role in hypoxia-induced neovascularization in rodent models of benign diseases. We hypothesized that GCPII expression may play a role in intraplaque neovascularization and may represent a target for imaging of atherosclerotic lesions. The aim of this study was to determine frequency, pattern, and clinical correlates of vessel wall uptake of a (68)Ga-GCPII ligand for positron emission tomographic imaging...
September 8, 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Mattia Cattaneo, Daniel Staub, Alessandra P Porretta, Jeanne Marie Gallino, Paolo Santini, Costanzo Limoni, Rolf Wyttenbach, Augusto Gallino
BACKGROUND: Currently the most widely accepted predictor of stroke risk in patients with carotid atherosclerosis is the degree of stenoses. Plaque echogenicity on ultrasound imaging (US) and intraplaque neovascularization (IPNV) are becoming recognized as factors of plaque vulnerability. Aim of the study was to investigate the correlation between the echogenicity of the carotid atherosclerosis by standard US and the degree of IPNV by contrast enhanced US (CEUS). METHODS: We recruited 45 consecutive subjects with an asymptomatic ≥50% carotid artery stenoses...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Konstantinos Filis, Levon Toufektzian, George Galyfos, Fragiska Sigala, Panagiota Kourkoveli, Sotirios Georgopoulos, Manolis Vavuranakis, Dimitrios Vrachatis, George Zografos
Carotid atherosclerosis represents a primary cause for cerebrovascular ischemic events and its contemporary management includes surgical revascularization for moderate to severe symptomatic stenoses. However, the role of invasive therapy seems to be questioned lately for asymptomatic cases. Numerous reports have suggested that the presence of neovessels within the atherosclerotic plaque remains a significant vulnerability factor and over the last decade imaging modalities have been used to identify intraplaque neovascularization in an attempt to risk-stratify patients and offer management guidance...
August 31, 2016: Vascular
Othman Al Gwairi, Lyna Thach, Wenhua Zheng, Narin Osman, Peter J Little
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a retinal disease evident after the age of 50 that damages the macula in the centre of retina. It leads to a loss of central vision with retained peripheral vision but eventual blindness occurs in many cases. The initiation site of AMD development is Bruch's membrane (BM) where multiple changes occur including the deposition of plasma derived lipids, accumulation of extracellular debris, changes in cell morphology, and viability and the formation of drusen. AMD manifests as early and late stage; the latter involves cell proliferation and neovascularization in wet AMD...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Ahmed Zewar, Ibrahim Nawaiseh, Imad Jaradat, Jakub Khzouz, Khaleel Alrawashdeh, Ghadeer Abdeen, Mustafa Mehyar, Samer Khurma, Yacoub A Yousef
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was evaluate the features and outcome of management of uveal melanoma in King Hussein Cancer Center as an example of a referral tertiary cancer center in the Middle East. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was aetrospective, observational case series of 46 eyes of 46 patients with uveal melanoma. Data collection required access to medical records, radiology and pathology reports, and laboratory results. The main outcome measures included age at diagnosis, tumor location and dimensions, TNM stage, treatment modality, visual outcome, metastasis, and mortality...
2016: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
Johan W Verjans, Eric A Osborn, Giovanni J Ughi, Marcella A Calfon Press, Ehsan Hamidi, Antonios P Antoniadis, Michail I Papafaklis, Mark F Conrad, Peter Libby, Peter H Stone, Richard P Cambria, Guillermo J Tearney, Farouc A Jaffer
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether indocyanine green (ICG)-enhanced near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging can illuminate high-risk histologic plaque features of human carotid atherosclerosis, and in coronary atheroma of living swine, using intravascular NIRF-optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. BACKGROUND: New translatable imaging approaches are needed to identify high-risk biological signatures of atheroma. ICG is a U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved NIRF imaging agent that experimentally targets plaque macrophages and lipid in areas of enhanced endothelial permeability...
September 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
K Wand, K Tetz, I R Fischinger, C P Lohmann, M M Maier, N Feucht
Background: Intravitreal anti-VEGF therapy is the gold standard in the treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). In recent literature, the benefit of additional photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been debated. The aim of our study was to compare the functional and structural effects of long-term combination therapy with PDT plus ranibizumab with monotherapy with ranibizumab. Material and Methods: In a retrospective study, patients suffering from nAMD were followed up for at least 42 months...
July 25, 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Yang Li, Ying Zhu, Youbin Deng, Yani Liu, Yuhang Mao, Junli Wang, Jie Sun
The purpose of the study was to assess the therapeutic effect of the angiogenesis inhibitor bevacizumab on plaques of various stages in rabbit models using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS). Abdominal aortic atherosclerosis was induced in 55 rabbits. Thirty-six randomly selected rabbits were divided into 2 groups according to the timing of the bevacizumab injection: an early-stage plaque group (Group ESP) and a later-stage plaque group (Group LSP). The remainder were considered the control group. Standard ultrasonography and CEUS imaging of the abdominal aorta were performed...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jean Marie Ruddy, John S Ikonomidis, Jeffrey A Jones
The prevalence of atherosclerotic disease continues to increase, and despite significant reductions in major cardiovascular events with current medical interventions, an additional therapeutic window exists. Atherosclerotic plaque growth is a complex integration of cholesterol penetration, inflammatory cell infiltration, vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration, and neovascular invasion. A family of matrix-degrading proteases, the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), contributes to all phases of vascular remodeling...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Vascular Research
K Heath Martin, Brooks D Lindsey, Jianguo Ma, Timothy C Nichols, Xiaoning Jiang, Paul A Dayton
The presence of blood vessels within a developing atherosclerotic plaque has been found to be correlated with increased plaque vulnerability and ensuing cardiac events, however, detection of coronary intraplaque neovascularization poses a significant challenge in the clinic. We describe here a new in vivo intravascular ultrasound imaging method using a dual-frequency transducer to visualize contrast flow in microvessels with high specificity. This method uses a specialized transducer capable of exciting contrast agents at a low frequency (5...
September 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Rocco Vergallo, Lei Xing, Yoshiyasu Minami, Tsunenari Soeda, Daniel S Ong, Lei Gao, Hang Lee, Giulio Guagliumi, Luigi M Biasucci, Filippo Crea, Bo Yu, Shiro Uemura, Christopher J O'Donnell, Ik-Kyung Jang
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the association between the Framingham Risk Score (FRS) and coronary plaque characteristics assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging. BACKGROUND: Clinical prediction models are useful for identifying high-risk patients. However, coronary events often occur in individuals estimated to be at low risk. METHODS: A total of 254 patients with coronary artery disease who underwent three-vessel OCT were divided into tertiles according to FRS...
September 2016: Coronary Artery Disease
Benoy N Shah, Dorothy M Gujral, Navtej S Chahal, Kevin J Harrington, Christopher M Nutting, Roxy Senior
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of radiotherapy (RT) on intraplaque neovascularization (IPN) in human carotid arteries. BACKGROUND: Exposure of the carotid arteries to RT during treatment for head and neck cancer is associated with increased risk for stroke. However, the effect of RT on IPN, a precursor to intraplaque hemorrhage and thus associated with plaque vulnerability, is unknown. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, patients who had undergone unilateral RT for head and neck cancer ≥2 years previously underwent B-mode and contrast-enhanced ultrasound of both RT-side and non-RT-side carotid arteries...
June 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
I V Larsen, H Clausius, A W Kolb, C R Brandt
UNLABELLED: Vaccinia virus (VACV) keratitis is a serious complication following smallpox vaccination and can lead to blindness. The pathological mechanisms involved in ocular VACV infection are poorly understood. Previous studies have used rabbits, but the lack of immune reagents and transgenic or knockout animals makes them less suitable for mechanistic studies. We report that infection of C57BL/6 mice with 1 × 10(7) PFU of vaccinia virus strain WR results in blepharitis, corneal neovascularization, and stromal keratitis...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Virology
Brooks D Lindsey, K Heath Martin, Xiaoning Jiang, Paul A Dayton
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is one of the most commonly-used interventional imaging techniques and has seen recent innovations which attempt to characterize the risk posed by atherosclerotic plaques. One such development is the use of microbubble contrast agents to image vasa vasorum, fine vessels which supply oxygen and nutrients to the walls of coronary arteries and typically have diameters less than 200μm. The degree of vasa vasorum neovascularization within plaques is positively correlated with plaque vulnerability...
August 2016: Ultrasonics
Bieke Van der Veken, Guido Ry De Meyer, Wim Martinet
INTRODUCTION: Atherosclerosis is a lipid-driven inflammatory process with a tremendously high mortality due to acute cardiac events. There is an emerging need for new therapies to stabilize atherosclerotic lesions. Growing evidence suggests that intraplaque (IP) neovascularisation and IP hemorrhages are important contributors to plaque instability. AREAS COVERED: Neovascularization is a complex process that involves different growth factors and inflammatory mediators of which their individual significance in atherosclerosis remains poorly understood...
October 2016: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
Demetrios G Vavvas, Anthony B Daniels, Zoi G Kapsala, Jeremy W Goldfarb, Emmanuel Ganotakis, John I Loewenstein, Lucy H Young, Evangelos S Gragoudas, Dean Eliott, Ivana K Kim, Miltiadis K Tsilimbaris, Joan W Miller
IMPORTANCE: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) remains the leading cause of blindness in developed countries, and affects more than 150 million worldwide. Despite effective anti-angiogenic therapies for the less prevalent neovascular form of AMD, treatments are lacking for the more prevalent dry form. Similarities in risk factors and pathogenesis between AMD and atherosclerosis have led investigators to study the effects of statins on AMD incidence and progression with mixed results...
March 2016: EBioMedicine
A I Muntyanu, M Raika, E G Zota
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the histotopographic distribution of neogenic vessels, the degree of mast cell degranulation, the expression of markers of macrophages in different types of plaques in different stages and in different arterial vessels in patients with atherosclerosis and in those with metabolic syndrome associated with atherosclerosis and to establish the role of mast cells and macrophages in the development of stages of atherosclerosis along with their diagnostic and prognostic value...
March 2016: Arkhiv Patologii
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