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Carotid plaque

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104528/cannabinoid-receptor-type-2-cb2-as-one-of-the-candidate-genes-in-human-carotid-plaque-imaging-evalu1ation-of-the-novel-radiotracer-11-c-rs-016-targeting-cb2-in-atherosclerosis
#1
Romana Meletta, Roger Slavik, Linjing Mu, Zoran Rancic, Nicole Borel, Roger Schibli, Simon M Ametamey, Stefanie D Krämer, Adrienne Müller Herde
INTRODUCTION: Endarterectomized human atherosclerotic plaques are a valuable basis for gene expression studies to disclose novel imaging biomarkers and therapeutic targets, such as the cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB2). In this work, CB2 is expressed on activated immune cells, which are abundant in inflamed plaques. We evaluated the CB2-specific radiotracer [(11)C]RS-016 for imaging vascular inflammation in human and mouse atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS: The differential gene expression of microscopically classified human carotid plaques was evaluated using quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
January 8, 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102614/expression-of-cd4-cd28-null-t-lymphocytes-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-relation-to-microvascular-complications-aortic-elastic-properties-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness
#2
Mona H El-Samahy, Azza A G Tantawy, Amira A M Adly, Nevin M Habeeb, Eman A R Ismail, Gehan M Hamed, Rasha Eladawy
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is associated with endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, and altered immunity. CD4(+) CD28(null) T-cells are a subset of long-lived cytotoxic CD4(+) T-lymphocytes with proatherogenic and plaque-destabilizing properties. We hypothesized that the frequency of CD4(+) CD28(null) T-cells may be altered in T1DM and related to vascular complications. AIM: To assess the percentage of CD4(+) CD28(null) T-lymphocytes in children and adolescents with T1DM and their relation to vascular structure and glycemic control...
January 19, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100345/-anti-%C3%AE-2-gp%C3%A2-antibodies-accelerate-the-formation-of-atherosclerosis-in-high-fat-diet-fed-apoe-deficient-mice
#3
X Y Wang, H Zhou, X J Zhu, L F Xia, C He, Q Q Cai, T Wang
Objective: To investigate the effects of anti-β(2) glycoprotein Ⅰ(β(2)GPⅠ) antibody on atherosclerosis in ApoE deficient mice. Methods: A total of 24 male ApoE deficient mice of specific pathogen free level(six to eight-week old)were divided into normal control group, high fat diet group, high fat diet with anti-β(2)GPⅠ group, high fat diet with homologous control antibody group (n=6 each group). During the feeding period, mice were weighed every 2 weeks and were intraperitoneally injected with anti-β(2)GPⅠIgG (100 μg/per) and homologous control IgG (100 μg/per) according to grouping once a week...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099964/advancing-age-decreases-pressure-sensitive-modulation-of-calcium-signaling-in-the-endothelium-of-intact-and-pressurized-arteries
#4
Calum Wilson, Christopher D Saunter, John M Girkin, John G McCarron
Aging is the summation of many subtle changes which result in altered cardiovascular function. Impaired endothelial function underlies several of these changes and precipitates plaque development in larger arteries. The endothelium transduces chemical and mechanical signals into changes in the cytoplasmic calcium concentration to control vascular function. However, studying endothelial calcium signaling in larger arteries in a physiological configuration is challenging because of the requirement to focus through the artery wall...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095764/evaluation-of-the-carotid-artery-stenosis-based-on-minimization-of-mechanical-energy-loss-of-the-blood-flow
#5
Sheau Fung Sia, Xihai Zhao, Rui Li, Yu Zhang, Winston Chong, Le He, Yu Chen
BACKGROUND: Internal carotid artery stenosis requires an accurate risk assessment for the prevention of stroke. Although the internal carotid artery area stenosis ratio at the common carotid artery bifurcation can be used as one of the diagnostic methods of internal carotid artery stenosis, the accuracy of results would still depend on the measurement techniques. The purpose of this study is to propose a novel method to estimate the effect of internal carotid artery stenosis on the blood flow based on the concept of minimization of energy loss...
November 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094067/differential-intensity-projection-for-visualisation-and-quantification-of-plaque-neovascularisation-in-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-images-of-carotid-arteries
#6
Wing Keung Cheung, Benoy N Shah, Antonio Stanziola, Dorothy M Gujral, Navtej S Chahal, David O Cosgrove, Roxy Senior, Meng-Xing Tang
Studies have reported that intraplaque neovascularisation (IPN) is closely correlated with plaque vulnerability. In this study, a new image processing approach, differential intensity projection (DIP), was developed to visualise and quantify IPN in contrast-enhanced non-linear ultrasound image sequences of carotid arteries. DIP used the difference between the local temporal maximum and the local temporal average signals to identify bubbles against tissue non-linear artefact and noise. The total absolute and relative areas occupied by bubbles within each plaque were calculated to quantify IPN...
January 13, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093417/cardiovascular-risk-of-patients-with-gout-seen-at-rheumatology-clinics-following-a-structured-assessment
#7
Mariano Andrés, José Antonio Bernal, Francisca Sivera, Neus Quilis, Loreto Carmona, Paloma Vela, Eliseo Pascual
OBJECTIVES: Gout-associated cardiovascular (CV) risk relates to comorbidities and crystal-led inflammation. The aim was to estimate the CV risk by prediction tools in new patients with gout and to assess whether ultrasonographic carotid changes are present in patients without high CV risk. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Consecutive new patients with crystal-proven gout underwent a structured CV consultation, including CV events, risk factors and two risk prediction tools-the Systematic COronary Evaluation (SCORE) and the Framingham Heart Study (FHS)...
January 16, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089254/volumetric-analysis-of-carotid-plaque-components-and-cerebral-microbleeds-a-correlative-study
#8
Luca Saba, Roberto Sanfilippo, Michele di Martino, Michele Porcu, Roberto Montisci, Pierleone Lucatelli, Michele Anzidei, Marco Francone, Jasjit S Suri
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to explore the association between carotid plaque volume (total and the subcomponents) and cerebral microbleeds (CMBs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two consecutive (male 53; median age 64) patients were retrospectively analyzed. Carotid arteries were studied by using a 16-detector-row computed tomography scanner whereas brain was explored with a 1.5 Tesla system. CMBs were studied using a T2*-weighted gradient-recalled echo sequence...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087279/alpha-2-macroglobulin-and-heparin-cofactor-ii-and-the-vulnerability-of-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaques-an-itraq-based-analysis
#9
Jinmao Li, Xi Liu, Ying Xiang, Xueying Ding, Teng Wang, Ying Liu, Maojia Yin, Changhong Tan, Fen Deng, Lifen Chen
Rupture of carotid atherosclerotic plaque may cause stroke, while few biomarker in clinic can evaluate carotid plaque vulnerability. In this study, we divided the recruited participants into no plaque, stable plaque, and vulnerable plaque group according to carotid ultrasonography, and screened the differentially expressed proteins in plasma of these participants using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation labeling coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. 28 proteins were identified differentially expressed, among which alpha-2-macroglobulin (α2M) and heparin cofactor II (HCII) were found to be at hub position in the interactions of these proteins by STRING analysis and were selected for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay measurement to assess their relevance with carotid plaques vulnerability and diagnostic efficiency...
January 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087176/carotid-plaque-detection-improves-the-predictive-value-of-cha2ds2-vasc-score-in-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-the-arapacis-study
#10
Stefania Basili, Lorenzo Loffredo, Daniele Pastori, Marco Proietti, Alessio Farcomeni, Anna Rita Vestri, Pasquale Pignatelli, Giovanni Davì, William R Hiatt, Gregory Y H Lip, Gino R Corazza, Francesco Perticone, Francesco Violi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Vascular disease (VD), as assessed by history of myocardial infarction or peripheral artery disease or aortic plaque, increases stroke risk in atrial fibrillation (AF), and is a component of risk assessment using the CHA2DS2-VASc score. We investigated if systemic atherosclerosis as detected by ultrasound carotid plaque (CP) could improve the predictive value of the CHA2DS2-VASc score. METHODS: We analysed data from the ARAPACIS study, an observational study including 2027 Italian patients with non-valvular AF, in whom CP was detected using Doppler Ultrasonography...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078510/relationship-between-framingham-risk-score-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-carotid-plaques-an-in-vivo-study-using-multi-contrast-mri
#11
Feiyu Li, Xiaoying Wang
The assessment and management of early-stage atherosclerosis are important for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this study, we used multi-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to investigate the carotid plaque feature in asymptomatic, at-risk subjects; we also evaluated the correlation between MRI findings and Framingham risk score (FRS). One hundred sixty-six asymptomatic individuals with risk factors for CVD underwent multi-contrast MRI. After the arterial morphology and plaque components were outlined, the differences in carotid plaque burden among the various risk categories were analyzed...
January 4, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076296/efficiency-test-of-current-carotid-embolic-protection-devices
#12
Anja Kurzhals, Jörn-Bo Matthies, Reimer Andresen, Christian Wissgott, Klaus-Peter Schmitz, Niels Grabow, Wolfram Schmidt
Embolic protection devices were developed to reduce the risk of stroke during carotid artery stenting. The aim of this study was to test the capture efficiency of five embolic protection devices under reproducible in vitro conditions. The setup consisted of silicone tubes representing the vessel modeling round and oval cross sections. Spherical polystyrene particles (150 μm, COOH-coating) were used to simulate the plaque. The particles were inserted in a clean water circuit and either captured by the device or collected in a glass filter...
January 11, 2017: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071288/vulnerable-carotid-plaque-imaging-and-histopathology-without-a-dedicated-mri-receiver-coil
#13
Laura A Fitzpatrick, Nadav Berkovitz, Marlise P Dos Santos, Nevin Majeed, Rafael Glikstein, Santanu Chakraborty, John P Veinot, Grant Stotts, Alain Berthiaume, Robert Chatelain
Stroke is associated with vulnerable carotid artery plaques showing specific histopathologic features, namely a lipid-rich necrotic core, intraplaque hemorrhage, ulceration, and thin fibrous cap. While ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) can identify carotid plaques and determine the extent of stenosis, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides further information regarding plaque composition and morphology. In this feasibility study, three patients with symptomatic, moderately stenosed plaques were imaged with CT angiography (CTA) and MRI (3T and 1...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067670/mertk-receptor-cleavage-promotes-plaque-necrosis-and-defective-resolution-in-atherosclerosis
#14
Bishuang Cai, Edward B Thorp, Amanda C Doran, Brian E Sansbury, Mat J A P Daemen, Bernhard Dorweiler, Matthew Spite, Gabrielle Fredman, Ira Tabas
Atherothrombotic vascular disease is often triggered by a distinct type of atherosclerotic lesion that displays features of impaired inflammation resolution, notably a necrotic core and thinning of a protective fibrous cap that overlies the core. A key cause of plaque necrosis is defective clearance of apoptotic cells, or efferocytosis, by lesional macrophages, but the mechanisms underlying defective efferocytosis and its possible links to impaired resolution in atherosclerosis are incompletely understood. Here, we provide evidence that proteolytic cleavage of the macrophage efferocytosis receptor c-Mer tyrosine kinase (MerTK) reduces efferocytosis and promotes plaque necrosis and defective resolution...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064231/effects-of-therapy-with-maraviroc-on-the-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-hiv-1-hcv-co-infected-patients
#15
Paolo Maggi, Giuseppe Bruno, Francesco Perilli, Annalisa Saracino, Anna Volpe, Carmen Santoro, Nicoletta Ladisa, Gioacchino Angarano
AIM: To evaluate, in human immunodeficiency virus-hepatitis C virus co-infected patients, the impact of C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5) antagonist maraviroc-based antiretroviral therapy on the carotid intima media thickness and on atheromasic plaques. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this pilot prospective study, 12 HIV-HCV co-infected patients underwent color-Doppler ultrasonography before and 48 weeks after switching to a dual therapy based on maraviroc plus protease inhibitors boosted with ritonavir...
January 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062540/adiponectin-association-with-t-cadherin-protects-against-neointima-proliferation-and-atherosclerosis
#16
Yuya Fujishima, Norikazu Maeda, Keisuke Matsuda, Shigeki Masuda, Takuya Mori, Shiro Fukuda, Ryohei Sekimoto, Masaya Yamaoka, Yoshinari Obata, Shunbun Kita, Hitoshi Nishizawa, Tohru Funahashi, Barbara Ranscht, Iichiro Shimomura
Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived protein abundant in the circulation, is thought to be protective against atherosclerosis. However, it is not fully understood how the association of adiponectin with vascular cells and its antiatherogenic effect are connected. In this study, T-cadherin was essential for accumulation of adiponectin in the neointima and atherosclerotic plaque lesions, and the adiponectin-T-cadherin association protected against vascular injury. In the apolipoprotein E-knockout (ApoE-KO) mice, adiponectin, and T-cadherin colocalized on endothelial cells and synthetic smooth muscle cells in the aortic intima...
January 6, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062501/p2y12-promotes-migration-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-through-cofilin-dephosphorylation-during-atherogenesis
#17
Xuan Niu, Shu-Lan Pi, Suraj Baral, Yuan-Peng Xia, Quan-Wei He, Ya-Nan Li, Hui-Juan Jin, Man Li, Meng-Die Wang, Ling Mao, Bo Hu
OBJECTIVE: P2Y12 is a well-recognized receptor expressed on platelets and the target of thienopyridine-type antiplatelet drugs. However, recent evidence suggests that P2Y12 expressed in vessel wall plays a role in atherogenesis, but the mechanisms remain elusive. In this study, we examined the molecular mechanisms of how vessel wall P2Y12 mediates vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) migration and promotes the progression of atherosclerosis. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Using a high-fat diet-fed ApoE knockout mice model, we found that the expression of P2Y12 in VSMCs increased in a time-dependent manner and had a linear relationship with the plaque area...
January 5, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062499/role-of-kca3-1-channels-in-macrophage-polarization-and-its-relevance-in-atherosclerotic-plaque-instability
#18
Rende Xu, Chenguang Li, Yizhe Wu, Li Shen, Jianying Ma, Juying Qian, Junbo Ge
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence indicates that proinflammatory macrophage polarization imbalance plays a key role in atherosclerotic plaque progression and instability. The calcium-activated potassium channel KCa3.1 is critically involved in macrophage activation and function. However, the role of KCa3.1 in macrophage polarization is unknown. This study investigates the potential role of KCa3.1 in transcriptional regulation in macrophage polarization and its relationship to plaque instability...
December 29, 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059143/influence-of-coronary-artery-disease-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-related-polymorphisms-on-the-risk-of-atherosclerosis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#19
Raquel López-Mejías, Alfonso Corrales, Esther Vicente, Montserrat Robustillo-Villarino, Carlos González-Juanatey, Javier Llorca, Fernanda Genre, Sara Remuzgo-Martínez, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, José A Miranda-Filloy, Marco A Ramírez Huaranga, Trinitario Pina, Ricardo Blanco, Juan J Alegre-Sancho, Enrique Raya, Verónica Mijares, Begoña Ubilla, Iván Ferraz-Amaro, Carmen Gómez-Vaquero, Alejandro Balsa, Francisco J López-Longo, Patricia Carreira, Isidoro González-Álvaro, J Gonzalo Ocejo-Vinyals, Luis Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Benjamín Fernández-Gutiérrez, Santos Castañeda, Javier Martín, Miguel A González-Gay
A genetic component influences the development of atherosclerosis in the general population and also in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, genetic polymorphisms associated with atherosclerosis in the general population are not always involved in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in RA. Accordingly, a study in North-American RA patients did not show the association reported in the general population of coronary artery disease with a series of relevant polymorphisms (TCF21, LPA, HHIPL1, RASD1-PEMT, MRPS6, CYP17A1-CNNM2-NT5C2, SMG6-SRR, PHACTR1, WDR12 and COL4A1-COL4A2)...
January 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058581/the-role-of-autophagy-in-the-correlation-between-neuron-damage-and-cognitive-impairment-in-rat-chronic-cerebral-hypoperfusion
#20
Wenying Zou, Yufei Song, Yumei Li, Yu Du, Xiaojie Zhang, Jiangliang Fu
Pathological changes and cognitive impairment caused by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) have been previously reported. However, how these changes progress remains unclear. Additionally, there are few studies regarding the mechanism underlying the involvement of autophagy in these processes. Two-step bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) was performed to replicate CCH in Sprague Dawley rats. The animals were divided into seven groups, including a sham group and 2-, 4-, 8-, 12-, 16-, and 20-week BCCAO groups (n = 7 per group)...
January 5, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
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