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Pyschology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130309/the-importance-of-behavioural-and-pyschological-symptoms-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
A Pérez Romero, S González Garrido
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), present in the vast majority of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), cause extensive impairment in all areas, including functionality. Early diagnosis and management are critical, especially since these symptoms are not included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) as a diagnostic criterion of AD, but only as specific features of some patients. The main purpose of this review is to highlight the importance of these behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia, particularly in AD...
April 26, 2016: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26031151/-the-influence-of-psychological-factors-on-the-integral-health-characteristic-data-from-a-prospective-population-study
#2
A N Britov, N A Eliseeva, A D Deev, E V Miroshnik, A M Inarokova, S I Drozdetsky, K V Kuchin, V V Sibireva, G I Nechaeva
AIM: To develop integral assessment of the health status based on the examination of representative samples from different regions of Russia (Veliky Novgorod, Nizhni-Novgorod, Vologda, Omsk and Nalchik) with the use of special questionnaires and simple anthropometric and functional methods in the framework of a prospective 3-year population study of organized groups. METHODS: The above questionnaires allowed to elucidate the socio-economic status of the patients, their somatic and psychological conditions (lifestyle index or psychological protection mechanisms (PPM), social adaptation, sanogenic reflexia; also used were Eysenck's psychotism scale, hospital anxiety and depression scale, the perceived stress scale (PSS), and moral potential of personality development scale...
2015: Klinicheskaia Meditsina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24306937/psychotherapists-and-the-clergy-fifty-years-later
#3
J M Spiegelman
Jung's two powerful articles on psychotherapy and the clergy, written in 1928 and 1932. are looked at from the vantage point of fifty years later and the author's experience in conducting analysis with many people from both vocations. He notes that relatively few people achieve the kind of integration of the ego that Jung writes about-an essentially religious experience-wherein the center of their existence now gravitates about the Self. Yet Jung's work and views have had a profound effect on spiritually inclined people of all ages...
March 1984: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23152272/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-ssris-for-stroke-recovery
#4
REVIEW
Gillian E Mead, Cheng-Fang Hsieh, Rebecca Lee, Mansur A Kutlubaev, Anne Claxton, Graeme J Hankey, Maree L Hackett
BACKGROUND: Stroke is the major cause of adult disability. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been used for many years to manage depression. Recently, small trials have demonstrated that SSRIs might improve recovery after stroke, even in people who are not depressed. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are the least biased way to bring together data from several trials. Given the promising effect of SSRIs on stroke recovery seen in small trials, a systematic review and meta-analysis is needed...
November 14, 2012: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22958450/anxiety-and-depression-in-copd-patients-and-correlation-with-sputum-and-bal-cytology
#5
Cuneyt Tetikkurt, Imran Ozdemir, Seza Tetikkurt, Nail Yılmaz, Turan Ertan, Nihal Bayar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Anxiety and depression are common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The degree of lung function may not explain anxiety and depression. The aim of our study was to assess the psychological aspects of COPD, to test the BODE index (a composite score of body mass, obstruction, dyspnea and exercise capacity), and to evaluate the association between atypical cytologic findings of sputum, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and the pyschological components of the disease...
2011: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22832918/taking-a-historical-turn-possible-points-of-connection-between-social-pyschology-and-history
#6
Mark Knights
The article confronts methodological differences between (and among) social psychologists and historians about how far the social psychologist should be interested only in contemporary or very recent history and how far general conclusions can be drawn about human behaviour across time and space. The article suggests that social psychology need not be present-centric and might take different forms of a 'historical turn'. In turn, it is suggested, historians can benefit from approaches developed by social psychologists...
December 2012: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22282823/critique-of-pyschology-and-pharmacology-in-the-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-co-operation-or-confrontation
#7
I Marks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1991: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21297812/the-needs-of-the-retarded-adult
#8
W E Armour
This article deals primarily with the needs of people with a degree of mental retardation, from mild to moderately severe, who are able to live approximately normal lives with assistance by counselling, advice and family help.It has been found that they do much better living in the community, mixing with normal people, but also with access to the company of persons similarly affected. With adequate advice and counselling, they can become self-sustaining in a number of ways, such as self care, living in their own homes or in small groups, and working either in sheltered employment or in the labor force...
November 1979: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20197732/time-to-diagnosis-of-lung-cancer-technical-and-pyschological-factors-that-slow-down-diagnostic-and-treatment-timelines
#9
EDITORIAL
Jean Louis Pujol, Xavier Quantin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2009: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18638700/remarkable-recoveries-research-and-practice-from-a-patient-s-perspective
#10
REVIEW
Marc Ian Barasch
Mind-body therapies are often portrayed in the literature as self-palliative, adjunctive, and complementary, but rarely as contributive to cure. Many physicians continue to view them as acceptable indulgences so long as they are harmless and the patient remains fully compliant with a standard treatment regimen. The possibility that such modalities might help drive the healing process itself is infrequently acknowledged. This article addresses the topic of such therapies, examining remarkable recoveries in cancer, and suggesting the need for a "Remarkable Recovery Registry" to expand the literature on these cases...
August 2008: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18185995/prevention-of-behavior-problems-for-children-in-foster-care-outcomes-and-mediation-effects
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Patricia Chamberlain, Joe Price, Leslie D Leve, Heidemarie Laurent, John A Landsverk, John B Reid
Parent training for foster parents is mandated by federal law and supported by state statues in nearly all states; however, little is known about the efficacy of that training, and recent reviews underscore that the most widely used curricula in the child welfare system (CWS) have virtually no empirical support (Grimm, Youth Law News, April-June:3-29, 2003). On the other hand, numerous theoretically based, developmentally sensitive parent training interventions have been found to be effective in experimental clinical and prevention intervention trials (e...
March 2008: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17084498/maternal-social-and-pyschological-conditions-and-physical-growth-in-low-income-children-in-piau%C3%A3-northeast-brazil
#12
Pamela J Surkan, Louise M Ryan, Lina M Carvalho Vieira, Lisa F Berkman, Karen E Peterson
Prevalence of child undernutrition remains high in many developing countries. In settings with scarce resources, modifiable maternal social conditions may influence feeding and parenting practices, in turn affecting child growth. This study aims to quantify the association between maternal social support and depression to children's physical growth outcomes in Teresina, Piauí, northeast Brazil. Interviews were conducted with a random sample of 595 mothers of children 6-24 months old in four low-income sections of Teresina, Piauí...
January 2007: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16690589/potential-contributions-to-disability-theorizing-and-research-from-positive-pyschology
#13
Pravani Naidoo, H S van den Berg, G Hayes
PURPOSE: Within the context of taking the perspectives of disabled individuals themselves more seriously, it is imperative that researchers and practitioners accord due primacy to the experiential worlds and everyday lived experiences of individuals with disabilities. Based on the premise that theoretical groundedness (along with methodological rigour) is integral to sound research, it is argued that the existing body of knowledge regarding the lived experiences of individuals with disabilities may be complemented by a conceptual placing of understandings of disability in relation to a prominent theoretical pathway at the moment, namely, the interdisciplinary emphasis on human strengths and wellness...
May 15, 2006: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/13532396/pyschological-studies-in-cases-of-male-gonadal-insufficiency
#14
H G MANTHEY
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1958: Acta Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12820534/-optimization-of-geriatric-help-for-urban-and-rural-residents-of-the-ulianovsk-region
#15
T A Kabakova, O Iu Katikova, A N Balandin, I A Kamaev, V I Gorbunov
The problem of ageing of the population presupposes the necessity of essential in medico-social services activity and the creations of some uniform coordinated help system for the slderly within the framwork of public health sevices anf social protection. On the basis of the carried out analysis of demographic, social, economic and medical parameters we have developed the plan of geriatric service in Ulyanovsk area. Ulyanovsk Regional Clinical Hospital of War Veterans took the leading part in this work. For the period of 1993-1997 there have been created three regional geriatric centres with branches of day-time departments for 75 places each as structural division of Ukyanovsk regional clinic hospital...
2003: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11923731/pain-management-2-the-use-of-pyschological-approaches-to-pain
#16
L Field, N Adams
This article is the second of a two-part series looking at the psychological and social factors which affect pain perception. The first article (Vol 10(14): 903-11) examined neurophysiological and psychological factors of pain perception. This article considers the importance of the nurse-patient interaction in the management of patients' pain. It outlines the adoption of several psychological approaches which could be utilized by nurses when dealing with patients in pain. The need to encourage a feeling of control over pain is discussed in relation to the use of patient-controlled analgesia and the development of positive coping skills...
August 9, 2001: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11101261/periodization-of-pyschological-skills-training
#17
G Balague
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2000: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10608429/recent-advances-in-alternative-therapies
#18
REVIEW
I Ziment
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is becoming more popular, and CAM remedies are used instead of, or integrated with, orthodox allopathic therapies by many patients with asthma. Although most CAM remedies may have no discernible effects when analyzed by conventional medical techniques, some double-blind controlled studies do suggest that a meaningful benefit can be obtained with acupunture and homeopathic management in asthma. Herbal medicine is more popular, despite little evidence that the vast majority of herbs for asthma have any useful effects other than a nonspecific expectorant action...
January 2000: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9451748/the-psychological-and-psychiatric-effects-of-ril-2-therapy-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
L G Walker, M B Walker, S D Heys, J Lolley, K Wesnes, O Eremin
It has been suggested that recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) may cause pyschological and psychiatric problems, although the effects of rIL-2 on its own have not been well documented. To evaluate these effects, 17 patients with advanced colorectal cancer took part in a randomised, parallel group study of rIL-2 with chemotherapy (5-fluorouracil and leucovorin) versus chemotherapy alone. Patients were assessed regularly by means of various psychometric tests including the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Mood Rating Scale, the Mini-Mental State Examination, the Digit Symbol Substitution Test, the Trail-Making Test and the Benton Revised Visual Retention Test...
December 1997: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/8564350/breast-forms-after-mastectomy-patient-s-issues
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
K Münstedt, W Milch, C Reimer
After mastectomy restoration of body symmetry, a very important aspect of coping with daily life, may be achieved either using breast forms that are suspended in a brassière or by a new system in which breast forms are attached by adhesive strips to the thorax walls. The system promises free and easy movement, favourable effects on lymphoedema, and improvements with respect to dressing. Brassières are not necessarily needed. The influence of improved prosthetics on patients' self concept and well-being was investigated...
November 1995: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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