keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

stroke with seizure

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432248/neurologic-complications-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#1
Mark S Wainwright
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: All critical care is directed at maintaining brain health, but recognizing neurologic complications of critical illness in children is difficult, and limited data exist to guide practice. This article discusses an approach to the recognition and management of seizures, stroke, and cardiac arrest as complications of other critical illnesses in the pediatric intensive care unit. RECENT FINDINGS: Convulsive and nonconvulsive seizures occur frequently in children after cardiac arrest or traumatic brain injury and during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432237/hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-and-other-neonatal-encephalopathies
#2
Hannah C Glass
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neonatal encephalopathy is the most common condition in neonates encountered by child neurologists. The etiology is most often global hypoxia-ischemia due to failure of cerebral perfusion to the fetus caused by uterine, placental, or umbilical cord compromise prior to or during delivery. Other etiologies of neonatal encephalopathy include ischemic stroke and intracranial hemorrhage, infection, developmental anomalies, and inborn errors of metabolism. RECENT FINDINGS: Therapeutic hypothermia is standard of care for the treatment of neonatal encephalopathy presumed to be caused by hypoxia-ischemia...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431886/impact-of-anemia-on-in-hospital-complications-after-ischemic-stroke
#3
Chen-Chen Wei, Shu-Ting Zhang, Ge Tan, Shi-Hong Zhang, Ming Liu
BACKGROUND: In-hospital complications after stroke represent barriers of optimal recovery and are even potentially life-threatening. Anemia is common in stroke patients and is related to poor outcome after stroke. Less is known, however, of the association of anemia with complications. We aimed to investigate the impact of anemia on a series of in-hospital complications after ischemic stroke. METHODS: Consecutive patients with ischemic stroke within 7 days were included...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429905/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-poststroke-epilepsy
#4
Yaroslav Winter, Naeimeh Daneshkhah, Nikolaus Galland, Isabel Kotulla, Anna Krüger, Sergiu Groppa
BACKGROUND: Lesional epilepsy is an important long-term sequela of stroke. Data on health-related quality of life (HrQoL) in patients with poststroke epilepsy are limited. We investigated HrQoL in patients with epilepsy after ischemic stroke and identified independent HrQoL-determinants. METHODS AND PATIENTS: All patients with acute ischemic stroke, who were permanent residents in the district Marburg-Biedenkopf (Hessia, Germany, reference population 240,000 inhabitants) were recruited within 12months in the population-based Marburg Stroke Register (MARSTREG)...
February 8, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429885/safety-and-feasibility-of-the-6-minute-walk-test-in-patients-with-acute-stroke
#5
Hiroki Kubo, Masafumi Nozoe, Miho Yamamoto, Arisa Kamo, Madoka Noguchi, Masashi Kanai, Kyoshi Mase, Shinichi Shimada
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to investigate the safety and feasibility of the 6-minute walk test in patients with acute stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with acute stroke, admitted to the Itami Kosei Neurosurgical Hospital from September 2016 to April 2017 were enrolled. Walking capacity was assessed by a physical therapist using the 6-minute walk test in 94 patients with acute stroke within 14 days of hospital admission. The primary outcomes were safety (i...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429783/pediatric-stroke-and-its-mimics-limitations-of-a-pediatric-stroke-clinical-pathway
#6
Amy M DeLaroche, Lalitha Sivaswamy, Ahmad Farooqi, Nirupama Kannikeswaran
BACKGROUND: Acute stroke protocols improve delivery of care but it is unclear whether these resource intensive protocols are able to differentiate stroke from mimics in children. The aim of this study is to describe our institution's experience with stroke mimics identified through our pediatric stroke clinical pathway (PSCP). METHODS: The PSCP was implemented in our level 1 pediatric emergency department in June 2014 for children aged one month to 18 years. For patients managed using the PSCP from June 2014 to December 2016, demographic and clinical data were compared for patients diagnosed with stroke or a stroke mimic...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420129/combined-application-of-glutamate-transporter-inhibitors-and-hypothermia-discriminates-principal-constituent-processes-involved-in-glutamate-homo-and-heteroexchange-in-brain-nerve-terminals
#7
Artem Pastukhov, Tatiana Borisova
Deep and profound hypothermia is successfully practiced in the prevention of ischemic stroke consequences and aortic arch cardiac surgery accompanied by reduction of cerebral circulation. Hypothermia is a current neuroprotection standard in hypoxic/ischemic encephalopathy. Drug-hypothermia administration is proposed as a new approach in pharmacotherapy for neonatal seizures. Also, hypothermia is useful as neuroprotective approach in long-term interplanetary space missions. We recently revealed gradual dynamics of hypothermia-induced decrease in transporter-mediated release and uptake of L-[14C]glutamate in presynaptic rat brain nerve terminals (synaptosomes), thereby confirming potent unspecific neuroprotective effect of hypothermia...
February 8, 2018: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416208/gigantic-thrombus-of-the-left-atrium-in-mitral-stenosis
#8
Enisa Hodzic, Nermir Granov
Introduction: Excess dilatation of the left atrium >65 mm is known in the literature as gigantic atrium. This dilation is most commonly encountered in the mitral insufficiency of rheumatic etiology, but also in severe prolapses of the mitral valve, permanent atrial fibrillation, and at the left right shunt with cardiac insufficiency. Case report: In this paper is presented a case study of echocardiographically verified giant thrombus in left atrium in a 50 years old female patient aged 50 hospitalized because of tiredness, choking, heartburn and urinary tract symptoms...
December 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413743/safety-of-a-high-dose-tranexamic-acid-protocol-in-complex-adult-spinal-deformity-analysis-of-100-consecutive-cases
#9
James D Lin, Lawrence G Lenke, Jamal N Shillingford, Joseph L Laratta, Lee A Tan, Charla R Fischer, Mark A Weller, Ronald A Lehman
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of high-dose tranexamic acid (TXA) use in consecutive patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety profile of a high-dose TXA protocol in complex adult spinal deformity patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery may involve significant amounts of blood loss, especially when various osteotomy techniques are used. Antifibrinolytic agents such as TXA have been used to reduce intraoperative blood loss...
March 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413315/prediction-of-late-seizures-after-ischaemic-stroke-with-a-novel-prognostic-model-the-select-score-a-multivariable-prediction-model-development-and-validation-study
#10
Marian Galovic, Nico Döhler, Barbara Erdélyi-Canavese, Ansgar Felbecker, Philip Siebel, Julian Conrad, Stefan Evers, Michael Winklehner, Tim J von Oertzen, Hans-Peter Haring, Anna Serafini, Giorgia Gregoraci, Mariarosaria Valente, Francesco Janes, Gian Luigi Gigli, Mark R Keezer, John S Duncan, Josemir W Sander, Matthias J Koepp, Barbara Tettenborn
BACKGROUND: Stroke is one of the leading causes of acquired epilepsy in adults. An instrument to predict whether people are at high risk of developing post-stroke seizures is not available. We aimed to develop and validate a prognostic model of late (>7 days) seizures after ischaemic stroke. METHODS: In this multivariable prediction model development and validation study, we developed the SeLECT score based on five clinical predictors in 1200 participants who had an ischaemic stroke in Switzerland using backward elimination of a multivariable Cox proportional hazards model...
February 2018: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408771/headache-in-mitochondrial-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Josef Finsterer, Sinda Zarrouk-Mahjoub
Headache is a prominent feature in mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) but no comprehensive overview is currently available. This review aims at summarising and discussing findings concerning type, frequency, pathogenesis, and treatment of headache in MIDs. The most frequent headache types in MIDs are migraine and migraine-like headache (MLH). MLH is classified as secondary headache. More rarely, tension-type headache, trigemino-autonomic headache, or different secondary headaches can be found. Migraine or MLH may manifest with or without aura...
January 26, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400569/the-value-of-the-identification-of-predisposing-factors-for-post-traumatic-amnesia-in-management-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
George Fotakopoulos, Demosthenes Makris, Eleni Tsianaka, Polikceni Kotlia, Paulos Karakitsios, Charalabos Gatos, Alkiviadis Tzannis, Kostas Fountas
OBJECT: To identify the risk factors for post-traumatic amnesia (PTA) and to document the incidence of PTA after mild traumatic brain injuries. METHODS: This was a prospective study, affecting mild TBI (mTBI) (Glasgow Coma Scale 14-15) cases attending to the Emergency Department between January 2009 and April 2012 (40 months duration). Patients were divided into two groups (Group A: without PTA, and Group B: with PTA, and they were assessed according to the risk factors...
February 5, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395751/early-stroke-post-heart-transplant-is-associated-with-decreased-survival-in-children
#13
Cheryl Cammock, Swati Choudhry, Chesney M Castleberry, Noor Al-Hammadi, Pirooz Eghtesady, Charles E Canter, Kathleen E Simpson
BACKGROUND: Major neurologic events (MNEs) after heart transplantation (HTx) and their effect on survival have not been well described in children. In this study we aimed to characterize early MNEs (stroke, isolated seizures not from stroke and posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy [PRES] within 1 year after primary pediatric HTx) and evaluate their impact on 1-year post-HTx survival. We hypothesized that early an MNE after HTx is associated with decreased 1-year patient survival. METHODS: We performed a pediatric, single-center, retrospective analysis of 345 consecutive patients aged 0 to 22 years who underwent primary HTx during the period from November 1, 1994 to October 31, 2015...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386275/risk-for-injuries-and-accidents-in-epilepsy-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Benno Mahler, Sofia Carlsson, Tomas Andersson, Torbjörn Tomson
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk for injuries/accidents in people with newly diagnosed epileptic seizures in relation to comorbidities. METHODS: Between September 1, 2001, and August 31, 2008, individuals in northern Stockholm with incident unprovoked seizures (epilepsy; n = 2,130) were included in a registry. For every epilepsy patient, 8 individuals matched for sex and inclusion year (n = 16,992) were randomly selected as references from the population of the catchment area...
January 31, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376096/birth-and-death-of-a-phantom
#15
Sebastian Dieguez, Mélanie Kaeser, Camille Roux, Jérôme Cottet, Jean-Marie Annoni, Eric Schmidlin
Patients with supernumerary phantom limb report experiencing an additional limb duplicating its physical counterpart, usually following a stroke with sensorimotor disturbances. Here, we report a short-lasting case of a right upper supernumerary phantom limb with unusual visuomotor features in a healthy participant during a pure Jacksonian motor seizure unexpectedly induced by continuous Theta-Burst Stimulation over the left primary motor cortex. Electromyographic correlates of the event followed the phenomenological pattern of sudden appearance and brutal dissolution of the phantom, adding credit to the hypothesis that supernumerary phantom limb results from a dynamic resolution of conflictual multimodal information...
January 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355799/seizures-following-intracerebral-hemorrhage-incidence-risk-factors-and-impact-on-mortality-and-morbidity
#16
Amol Mehta, Benjamin E Zusman, Ravi Choxi, Lori A Shutter, Ahmed Yassin, Arun Antony, Parthasarathy D Thirumala
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is one of the most frequent causes of epilepsy in the United States. However, reported risk factors for seizure after are inconsistent, and their impact on inpatient morbidity and mortality is unclear. We aimed to study the incidence, risk factors, and impact of seizures following ICH in a nationwide patient sample. METHODS: We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) for patients admitted to the hospital with a primary diagnosis of ICH between the years 1999 and 2011...
January 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350576/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-stroke-prone-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-on-high-salt-diet
#17
Fanny Herisson, Iris Zhou, Jerome Mawet, E Du, Arnavaz H Barfejani, Tao Qin, Marilyn J Cipolla, Philip Z Sun, Natalia S Rost, Cenk Ayata
Stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) on high-salt diet are characterized by extremely high arterial pressures, and have been endorsed as a model for hypertensive small vessel disease and vascular cognitive impairment. However, rapidly developing malignant hypertension is a well-known cause of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in humans, associated with acute neurological deficits, seizures, vasogenic cerebral edema and microhemorrhages. In this study, we aimed to examine the overlap between human PRES and SHRSP on high-salt diet...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348993/delayed-presentation-of-cerebral-air-embolism-from-a-left-atrial-esophageal-fistula-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Catherine Peterson, Clay Elswick, Vicki Diaz, R Shane Tubbs, Marc Moisi
Air embolism developing from an atrial-esophageal fistula that was created as a complication from an atrial ablation procedure is a rare, yet usually fatal diagnosis. Neurologic manifestations such as meningitis, altered mental status, seizures, strokes, transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), psychiatric changes, and coma can ensue. Imaging of the brain might reveal infarcts, cerebral edema, as well as signs of pneumocephalus. This case describes a 42-year-old male with recent cardiac ablation procedure at an outside hospital for refractory atrial fibrillation (A-fib) who presented with altered mental status, dyspnea and diaphoresis...
November 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344472/status-epilepticus-as-an-unusual-manifestation-of-heat-stroke
#19
Won Gu Lee, So-Young Huh, Jin-Hyung Lee, Bong Goo Yoo, Meyung Kug Kim
Heat stroke (HS) is a medical emergency and life threatening condition, characterized by body temperature over 40°C. This can lead to dysfunction of multiple organs such as the heart, liver, kidneys, lungs, blood coagulation system, and central nervous system. Neurological complications include change in consciousness, cerebellar dysfunction, convulsions, aphasia, muscular weakness, and parkinsonism. Cerebellar syndrome is the most common neurological finding in HS. We report a case of HS presenting with status epilepticus, without any other neurological manifestations...
December 2017: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342483/-fitness-to-drive-after-stroke
#20
Peter Marx
In Germany, patient information and expert testimony on driving ability requires knowledge of the corresponding legislation and the Guideline for expertises on driver aptitude. The testimony should clearly identify handicaps with regard to driving, give estimates on the future risks of a sudden loss of control, and also consider personal attitudes such as inadequate behavior, lack of insight etc. Physical handicaps often can be compensated for by restrains or restrictions such as vehicle modifications, daylight driving only etc...
January 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
keyword
keyword
48786
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"