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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210023/application-of-diode-laser-in-the-treatment-of-dentine-hypersensitivity
#1
Mirjana Gojkov-Vukelic, Sanja Hadzic, Amila Zukanovic, Enes Pasic, Veriva Pavlic
INTRODUCTION: Dentine hypersensitivity is characterized by acute, sharp pain arising from the exposed dentine, most commonly in response to thermal, tactile, or chemical stimuli, and which cannot be linked to any other pathological changes in the tooth or the environment. Therapy uses various impregnating agents in the form of solutions or gels and, in more recent times, laser. AIM: The aim of this research was to examine the effects of treatment of hypersensitive dental cervix with diode laser...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209191/knowledge-of-caries-risk-factors-indicators-among-japanese-and-irish-adult-patients-with-different-socio-economic-profiles-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Makiko Nishi, Máiréad Harding, Virginia Kelleher, Helen Whelton, Finbarr Allen
BACKGROUND: A previous study has shown deficient knowledge of caries risk factors/indicators in a Japanese adult population regarded to have a high interest in preventive dentistry. No prior research has investigated caries risk knowledge in an Irish adult population. We hypothesise there may be unexpected differences or similarities in knowledge across countries with similar levels of economic development when comparing groups with different socio-economic and cultural profiles. Understanding what influences knowledge is important for the development of effective and efficient caries prevention strategies...
February 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209160/odontogenic-tumors-in-ethiopia-eight-years-retrospective-study
#3
Bruktawit Kebede, Dawit Tare, Birke Bogale, Fessahaye Alemseged
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic tumor (OT) comprises a large heterogeneous group of lesions arising from tooth producing tissues or its remnants. Studies on OTs are scarce in Ethiopia. Thus, the present study aimed to assess the pattern of OTs in Ethiopia. METHODS: An 8 years retrospective study was conducted at the Dental and Maxillofacial Department, St. Paul's referral hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Data were collected by reviewing the medical records of patients who visited the Department from September 2008 to August 2015...
February 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209013/identifying-aarskog-syndrome
#4
Anis Ahmed, Abdullah Mufeed, Ashir Kolikkal Ramachamparambathu, Umer Hasoon
Aarskog syndrome also known as Aarskog-Scott Syndrome, Facio-digito-genital Syndrome or Faciogenital Dysplasia is a rare, X-linked disorder predominantly affecting males, characterized by facial, skeletal and genital anomalies. This is a case report of a 15-year-old male patient who visited our college complaining of poor facial aesthetics. History revealed consanguinity and his sibling to be suffering from the same. A diagnosis of Aarskog syndrome was made based upon the detailed patient history, thorough clinical evaluation and identification of characteristic findings in radiographs...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207343/impact-of-early-head-start-in-north-carolina-on-dental-care-use-among-children-younger-than-3-years
#5
Jacqueline M Burgette, John S Preisser, Morris Weinberger, Rebecca S King, Jessica Y Lee, R Gary Rozier
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of North Carolina Early Head Start (EHS), an early education program for low-income children younger than 3 years and their families, on dental care use among children. METHODS: We performed a quasi-experimental study in which we interviewed 479 EHS and 699 non-EHS parent-child dyads at baseline (2010-2012) and at a 24-month follow-up (2012-2014). We estimated the effects of EHS participation on the probability of having a dental care visit after controlling for baseline dental care need and use and a propensity score covariate; we included random effects to account for EHS program clustering...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206897/retrospective-study-of-the-survival-rates-of-indirect-pulp-therapy-versus-different-pulpotomy-medicaments
#6
Patrice Barsamian Wunsch, Marissa M Kuhnen, Al M Best, Tegwyn H Brickhouse
PURPOSE: The purposes of this retrospective chart review were to determine: (1) how primary molars in need of vital pulp therapy (VPT) have been treated over a period of four years at a university-based pediatric dental practice (UBP); and which treatments-indirect pulp therapy (IPT), formocresol pulpotomy (FCP), and ferric sulfate pulpotomy (FSP)-have been successful. METHODS: Electronic patient records (axiUm) that contained the procedure codes D3120 (pulp cap-indirect) or D3220 (therapeutic pulpotomy) were totaled by year...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202072/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-mini-and-conventional-implant-retained-dentures-on-the-function-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-an-edentulous-mandible
#7
Sarra Jawad, Craig Barclay, William Whittaker, Martin Tickle, Tanya Walsh
BACKGROUND: Total tooth loss (edentulism) can be a debilitating condition, impacting on ability to chew, speak and interact with others. The most common treatment is with complete removable dentures, which may be successful, but in the lower jaw, bone resorption that worsens over time makes denture-wearing difficult. Two dental implants in the mandible to retain the lower denture has been advocated as the gold standard of treatment, but has not been universally provided due largely to financial constraints and also patient fear...
February 15, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195310/the-role-of-healthcare-system-in-dental-check-ups-in-27-european-countries-multilevel-analysis
#8
Shiho Kino, Eduardo Bernabé, Wael Sabbah
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether public expenditure on health and Euro Health Consumer Index (EHCI) are associated with dental check-ups in European countries. METHODS: Individual data were from Eurobarometer 72.3, 2009 a cross-national survey of 27 European countries. Eligible participants were those aged 18 years and older in 27 European countries. Dental check-ups reflected dental visits for oral examination and getting advice on oral health in the last 12 months...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191679/a-systematic-review-of-the-survival-and-complication-rates-of-resin-bonded-fixed-dental-prostheses-after-a-mean-observation-period-of-at-least-5%C3%A2-years
#9
REVIEW
Daniel S Thoma, Irena Sailer, Alexis Ioannidis, Marcel Zwahlen, Nikolay Makarov, Bjarni E Pjetursson
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the 5-year and 10-year survival of resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBBs) and to describe the incidence of technical and biological complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic MEDLINE search complemented by manual searching was conducted to identify prospective and retrospective cohort studies and case series on RBBs with a mean follow-up time of at least 5 years. Patients had to have been examined clinically at the follow-up visit...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188656/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-dentists-towards-oral-health-care-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-new-south-wales-australia
#10
Ajesh George, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Hannah Dahlen, Jennifer Reath, Andrew Korda, Harrison Ng Chok, Charmaine Miranda, Amy Villarosa, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: Studies internationally show a lack of consensus among dentists regarding perinatal oral health yet no studies in Australia has explored the perceptions of Dentists in this area. This study aims to determine the knowledge, perceptions and practices of dentists in New South Wales (NSW), Australia about perinatal oral health. METHOD: An online survey was distributed to 1357 members of the Australian Dental Association (NSW) and 185 (13.4%) completed surveys were returned...
February 11, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183288/towards-an-optimal-therapy-strategy-for-myogenous-tmd-physiotherapy-compared-with-occlusal-splint-therapy-in-an-rct-with-therapy-and-patient-specific-treatment-durations
#11
Robert J van Grootel, Rob Buchner, Daniël Wismeijer, Hilbert W van der Glas
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) may be characterized by pain and restricted jaw movements. In the absence of somatic factors in the temporomandibular joint, mainly myogenous, psychobiological, and psychosocial factors may be involved in the aetiology of myogenous TMD. An occlusal appliance (splint) is commonly used as a basic therapy of the dental practice. Alternatively, a type of physiotherapy which includes, apart from massage of sore muscles, aspects of cognitive-behavioural therapy might be a basic therapy for myogenous TMD...
February 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181683/oral-health-needs-dental-care-utilization-and-quality-of-life-perceptions-among-oregonian-seniors
#12
Richie Kohli, Harjit S Sehgal, Sandra Nelson, Eli Schwarz
BACKGROUND: For a relevant planning process and advocate for improvement in oral health conditions of the senior population up-to-date data are necessary. The objective of this study was to assess the oral health status, dental care utilization and quality of life perceptions of seniors in Clackamas County in Oregon. METHODS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional study on institutionalized and community dwelling older adults where participants completed a self-reported oral health survey, the short-form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14 questionnaire) and had clinical screenings...
February 9, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174370/cephalometric-soft-tissue-standard-and-gender-dimorphism-in-nasal-prominence-estimated-by-holdaway-s-analysis-in-patients-visiting-college-of-dentistry-aljouf-university
#13
Ibadullah Kundi
INTRODUCTION: The objectives were to see the nasal prominence norm and the gender dimorphism in nasal prominence measured by Holdaway's soft tissue analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample size was 100 (50 males and 50 females). The subjects included in the study were of Saudi origin with class I skeletal and dental relationship and all teeth present. The age group of the patients was between 18 and 28 years. The radiographs were traced and analyzed by two students and cross-checked by an orthodontist...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165614/oral-health-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-jages-project-longitudinal-study-in-older-japanese
#14
Tatsuo Yamamoto, Jun Aida, Katsunori Kondo, Shinya Fuchida, Yukako Tani, Masashige Saito, Yuri Sasaki
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether oral health status predicts depressive symptoms in older Japanese people. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Twenty-four municipalities in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling individuals aged 65 years and older who responded to mail surveys performed by the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study in 2010 and 2013 (N = 14,279). MEASUREMENTS: Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145564/cost-effectiveness-of-diabetes-screening-initiated-through-a-dental-visit
#15
Matthew Neidell, Ira B Lamster, Barbara Shearer
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the cost-effectiveness of a screening programme and follow-up interventions for persons with dysglycemia who are identified during a dental visit. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis utilizing data from two relevant publications. Those studies identified persons with dysglycemia who were seen in a dental school clinic for routine dental care and determined compliance with a recommendation to seek medical care. The response site was 59...
February 1, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144257/treatment-of-denture-related-stomatitis-improves-endothelial-function-assessed-by-flow-mediated-vascular-dilation
#16
Grzegorz Osmenda, Joanna Maciąg, Grzegorz Wilk, Anna Maciąg, Daniel Nowakowski, Jolanta Loster, Elżbieta Dembowska, Douglas Robertson, Tomasz Guzik, Marta Cześnikiewicz-Guzik
INTRODUCTION: The presence of oral inflammation has recently been linked with the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. While numerous studies have described links between periodontitis and endothelial dysfunction, little is known about the influence of denture-related stomatitis (DRS) on cardiovascular risk. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether the treatment of DRS can lead to improvement of the clinical measures of vascular dysfunction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The DRS patients were treated with a local oral antifungal agent for 3 weeks...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133937/attitudes-to-dental-care-sweden-2003-2013-and-clinical-correlates-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-2013
#17
K Edman, A Holmlund, B Nordström, K Öhrn
OBJECTIVE: To investigate attitudes to dental care, and to assess possible associations with socio-economic and clinical variables over a period of ten years, and to investigate the association between OHRQoL assessed by oral impact on daily performance (OIDP), and socio-economic, dental care habits, smoking and oral status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional studies performed in the county of Dalarna, Sweden, in 2003, 2008 and 2013. Random samples of 1,107-1,115 dentate individuals, aged 30-85 years, who answered a questionnaire and who were radiographically and clinically examined were included...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129806/associations-among-dental-insurance-dental-visits-and-unmet-needs-of-us-children
#18
Zhou J Yu, Maryam Elyasi, Maryam Amin
BACKGROUND: In this study, the authors explored the associations between dental visits and unmet dental needs of children on the basis of their insurance type in the United States. METHODS: The authors used the National Health Interview Surveys from 1997 through 2014 to collect data on dental visits, unmet dental needs, and type of insurance for children aged 2 to 17 years in the United States. Unmet dental need was based on not receiving needed dental care during the past year because of financial constraints...
February 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127013/can-intravenous-conscious-sedation-with-midazolam-be-effective-at-facilitating-surgical-dentistry-in-adolescent-orthodontic-patients-a-service-evaluation
#19
A J Stamp, M L Dorman, C R Vernazza, G Deeming, C Reid, K E Wilson, N M Girdler
Background Surgical dentistry during orthodontic care often occurs in adolescence and may involve surgical removal or exposure of teeth. The invasive nature of treatment, combined with dental anxiety, means care can often be provided under general anaesthesia (GA). Best-practice guidelines however endorse conscious sedation as an alternative, where appropriate. Although a limited number of studies have shown safe and effective use of intravenous conscious sedation (IVCS) with midazolam in this cohort, robust evidence to support routine use is lacking...
January 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096641/assessment-of-periodontal-health-status-in-postmenopausal-women-visiting-dental-hospital-from-in-and-around-meerut-city-cross-sectional-observational-study
#20
D Deepa, Gazal Jain
BACKGROUND: Puberty, menses, pregnancy, and menopause are the different phases of a woman's life which have a varied influence on oral health. During the menopause, women go through biological and endocrine changes, particularly in their sex steroid hormone production which affects their health. Because the oral mucosa contains estrogen receptors, variations in hormone levels can be seen directly in the oral cavity leading to a few oral conditions and diseases seen more frequently during postmenopausal years...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
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