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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346696/do-people-trust-dentists-development-of-the-dentist-trust-scale
#1
Jason M Armfield, Manon Ketting, Sergio Chrisopoulos, Sarah R Baker
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to adapt a measure of trust in physicians generally to trust in dentists and to assess the reliability and validity of the measure. METHODS: Questionnaire data were collected from a simple random sample of 596 Australian adults. The 11-item General Trust in Physicians Scale (Hall et al., 2002) was modified to apply to dentists. RESULTS: The Dentist Trust Scale (DTS) had good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0...
March 27, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344945/an-evaluation-of-the-possible-relationship-between-chronic-periodontitis-and-hypertension
#2
M O Arowojolu, O Oladapo, O I Opeodu, S O Nwhator
BACKGROUND: Periodontal diseases have been reported to have a form of reciprocal relationship with the general systemic health, in which case those with some systemic diseases such as hypertension have poorer periodontal health and vice versa. The issue of causal or casual relationship is however yet to be finally resolved. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine any possible relationship between chronic periodontitis and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional assessment of cardiovascular risk factors such as blood pressure, body mass index, waist circumference and the carotid artery intima media thickness (CIMT) was done among 100 consecutive subjects in the echocardiogram unit of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria over a period of six months...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342190/expanded-medicaid-dental-coverage-under-the-affordable-care-act-an-analysis-of-minnesota-emergency-department-visits
#3
Nadia Laniado, Victor M Badner, Ellen Johnson Silver
OBJECTIVES: Hospital emergency departments (EDs) function as the safety net for patients with non-traumatic dental conditions (NTDCs). With the implementation of Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) many adults became eligible for dental benefits. We examined the impact of "early" Medicaid expansion in Minnesota on ED visits for NTDCs from 2008 (prereform) to 2014 (postreform). METHODS: Data from the State Emergency Department Databases for Minnesota were analyzed for 2 years: 2008 and 2014...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338208/effects-of-combining-cbct-technology-with-visual-root-canal-recurrence-in-treatment-of-elderly-patients-with-dental-pulp-disease
#4
J-J Cui, B Peng, W Lin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to analyze the effects of combining cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) technology with visual root canal recurrence in the treatment of elderly patients with dental pulp disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 56 cases of elderly patients with dental pulp disease were contiguously selected, and randomly divided into the control group (70 teeth from 27 patients) and the observation group (77 teeth from the rest 29 patients). We adopted CBCT technology combined with conventional root canal therapy in control group and CBCT technology combined with visual root canal recurrence in observation group to compare the clinical effects...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333598/achieving-health-equity-through-community-engagement-in-translating-evidence-to-policy-the-san-francisco-health-improvement-partnership-2010-2016
#5
Kevin Grumbach, Roberto A Vargas, Paula Fleisher, Tomás J Aragón, Lisa Chung, Colleen Chawla, Abbie Yant, Estela R Garcia, Amor Santiago, Perry L Lang, Paula Jones, Wylie Liu, Laura A Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The San Francisco Health Improvement Partnership (SFHIP) promotes health equity by using a novel collective impact model that blends community engagement with evidence-to-policy translational science. The model involves diverse stakeholders, including ethnic-based community health equity coalitions, the local public health department, hospitals and health systems, a health sciences university, a school district, the faith community, and others sectors. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: We report on 3 SFHIP prevention initiatives: reducing consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs), regulating retail alcohol sales, and eliminating disparities in children's oral health...
March 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315288/-socioeconomic-gradients-in-dental-care-accessibility-in-germany
#6
Konrad Alexander Leonhardt, Christian Hirsch
The aim of this study was to determine whether dental care accessibility in Germany from 2002 to 2009 was linked to socioeconomic status (SES) or household net income (HHN). Analysis was based upon a nation-wide cross-sectional survey of German adults from 18 to 79 years (mean 49.1 years; 55% females) which was conducted by the "Bertelsmann Gesundheitsmonitor" from 2002-2009. Patients in Germany visit the dentist 2.4 times per year independently of the SES. Patients with higher income paid per income group 34 € (95%- KI: 6 €-63 €) more for their denture...
March 17, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298971/oral-health-and-medical-conditions-among-amish-children
#7
Masahiro Heima, Marc-Allen Harrison, Peter Milgrom
BACKGROUND: The Amish are a growing population who live a traditional, rural way of life, which makes them less accepting of modernism. Most Amish live in poverty and are detached from modern health care. In addition, the recent change of their lifestyle has been reported, such as consuming a nontraditional diet and the usage of electronic devices. As a result, their lifestyle change may have impacted their oral health. However, since only a single report about oral health among Amish children has been published approximately three decades ago it has not yet been updated...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298834/diabetes-and-periodontitis-how-well-are-the-patients-aware-about-an-established-relation
#8
Teja Ummadisetty, Vijay Kumar Chava, Venkata Ramesh Reddy Bhumanapalli
AIM: The study aimed to assess the levels of awareness about the mutual relationship between diabetes and periodontitis among high-risk age group of the general population and to assess the attitude of general physicians in suggesting diabetic patients to visit a dentist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured, closed-ended questionnaire either in English or in local language (Telugu) was distributed and collected from 203 patients who were willing to participate in the study attending the Department of Periodontics, Narayana Dental College & Hospital, Nellore, AP...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298816/effect-of-gallium-arsenic-laser-on-photosensitized-periodontopathic-anaerobic-organisms-an-in-vitro-study
#9
Setu Mathur, Shaila Veerappa Kothiwale, Buddhi Prakash Nag, Tanu Mathur, Ashoka Bhansali, Rohit Kumar Khatri
BACKGROUND: The mainstay of periodontal therapy is mechanical removal of subgingival plaque. There is considerable interest in supplementing it with the use of antibiotics and antiseptics. Many drawbacks are associated with these adjunctive pharmacological regimens such as development of resistance to antibiotics and disruption of microflora of the gastrointestinal tract. Hence, alternate means of killing subgingival bacteria are clearly desirable. One such method is the use of laser...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290926/soldier-readiness-processing-time-for-a-new-paradigm-in-managing-musculoskeletal-injuries-after-deployment
#10
Daniel I Rhon, Kerrie J Golden, Amy J Trevino, Brian S Hatler
BACKGROUND: The drowning impact that musculoskeletal injuries (MSI) have on Soldier readiness, deployability, and escalating health care costs is growing. These injuries are associated with approximately 25 million lost duty days each year. The need to curb costs and improve efficacy and efficiency of health care delivery is pressing. This requires the consideration of new paradigms for clinical pathways and health care delivery processes. Soldiers returning from a deployment go through a screening process to ensure any medical, dental, and administrative issues are adequately addressed...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288651/medical-costs-of-a-low-skeletal-muscle-mass-are-modulated-by-dietary-diversity-and-physical-activity-in-community-dwelling-older-taiwanese-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Yuan-Ting C Lo, Mark L Wahlqvist, Yi-Chen Huang, Shao-Yuan Chuang, Chi-Fen Wang, Meei-Shyuan Lee
BACKGROUND: Age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and function (sarcopenia) are associated with poor health outcomes and an economic burden on health care services. An appropriate diet and physical activity have been proposed for prevention and treatment of sarcopenia. Nevertheless, the effects on medical service utilization and costs remain unclear. This study determined the effects of SMM in conjunction with diet quality and physical activity on medical service utilization and expenditure in community-dwelling older Taiwanese...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288294/a-retrospective-study-of-association-between-peg-shaped-maxillary-lateral-incisors-and-dental-anomalies
#12
Jae-Hwan Kim, Nam-Ki Choi, Seon-Mi Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of peg-shaped maxillary lateral incisors and the incidence of associated dental anomalies in children. STUDY DESIGN: We investigated the prevalence of peg-laterals and incidence of associated dental anomalies in 3,834 children aged 7-15 who visited the Department of Pediatric Dentistry from January 2010 to December 2015 and underwent panoramic radiographs. RESULTS: The prevalence of peg-laterals was 1...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286679/a-case-of-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-in-a-patient-with-subpontic-osseous-hyperplasia
#13
Chiaki Tsuji, Hiroshi Watanabe, Hidenori Nakayama, Mitsuo Goto, Kenichi Kurita
Subpontic osseous hyperplasia (SOH) is a growth of bone occurring on the edentulous ridge beneath the pontics of fixed partial dentures (FPDs). This report describes a case of bisphosphonate- (BP-) related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) in a SOH patient followed by deciduation of the bony lesion. A 73-year-old woman visited a dental clinic after experiencing pain and swelling beneath the pontics of a FPD that had been inserted 15 years ago. The pontics were removed, but the symptoms persisted and she was referred to our hospital...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284416/using-the-beers-criteria-to-identify-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-by-older-adult-dental-patients
#14
Daniel D Skaar, Heidi O'Connor
BACKGROUND: An aging population indicates that increasing numbers of older adults will seek oral health care and have multiple chronic conditions treated with a number of medications. The authors examined the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey administrative data set to characterize potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use by older adults visiting the dentist and related adverse experiences that may affect oral health care. METHODS: The authors used the 2015 Beers criteria to identify PIMs for older adults...
March 8, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277023/oral-health-and-access-to-dental-care-a-comparison-of-elderly-migrants-and-non-migrants-in-germany
#15
Ghazal Aarabi, Daniel R Reissmann, Udo Seedorf, Heiko Becher, Guido Heydecke, Christopher Kofahl
OBJECTIVES: To compare oral health, access barriers to dental care, oral health behavior and oral hygiene behavior of elderly German residents with and without immigration background. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional explorative study, a convenience sample (N = 112, age ≥ 60 years, 54% immigrants) was recruited in four dental practices in Hamburg, Germany. Oral health was assessed with Decayed/Missing/Filled Teeth (DMFT), Papillary Bleeding Index (PBI), and Approximal Plaque Index (API)...
February 23, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274054/occlusal-traits-of-primary-dentition-among-pre-school-children-of-mehsana-district-north-gujarat-india
#16
Shoba Fernandes, Dhvani Gordhanbhai Patel, Eraveni Ranadheer, Jayasudha Kalgudi, Jaysukh Santokì, Shaila Chaudhary
INTRODUCTION: Aesthetic and functional problems in the dentofacial complex among children are often attributed to the disturbances in the dentofacial growth and development. This can be recognized during routine dental visits. This study pursued to assess the occlusion of the primary dentition in three to five-year-old children. AIM: To study the occlusal traits of the primary dentition in a group of three to five-year-old North Gujarat children of Mehsana district and the variation in their occlusion relative to age and gender in the same group...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274038/comparative-assessment-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-children-before-and-after-full-mouth-rehabilitation-under-general-anaesthesia-and-local-anaesthesia
#17
Jaai Vinod Rane, Jasmin Winnier, Rupinder Bhatia
INTRODUCTION: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is an aggressive form of caries in a child who is 71 months of age or younger. If the child is cooperative, the treatment may be completed under Local Anaesthesia (LA). General Anaesthesia (GA) is considered if the child is uncooperative, medically compromised or if the parents are unable to return for regular visits and requests treatment under GA. Improved Oral health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) has been reported after dental treatment under GA...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272806/a-markov-model-assessing-the-impact-on-primary-care-practice-revenues-and-patient-s-health-when-using-mid-level-providers-lesson-learned-from-the-united-kingdom
#18
Harry Hill, Richard Macey, Paul Brocklehurst
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of using mid-level providers for dental "check-up" examinations and the treatment of caries in different NHS settings in the United Kingdom. Mid-level providers are a broad category that describes non-dentist members of dental teams. This study focused on the potential use of Dental Hygiene Therapists undertaking dental "check-up" examinations and simple restorative treatment, instead of dentists. METHODS: A Markov model was used to construct the natural history of caries development in adults that visit a dental practice every six months over a five-year period...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271537/oral-health-conceptual-knowledge-and-its-relationships-with-oral-health-outcomes-findings-from-a-multi-site-health-literacy-study
#19
Mark D Macek, Kathryn A Atchison, Haiyan Chen, William Wells, Don Haynes, Ruth M Parker, Shurouk Azzo
OBJECTIVES: In 2010, a health literacy instrument designed to measure oral health conceptual knowledge was introduced. This developmental work was limited in that it included a relatively small and homogeneous study population and few oral health measures against which to test concurrent validity. The purpose of the present investigation is to expand upon the earlier work by utilizing a larger study sample and additional outcome variables. METHODS: Data for this report came from the Multi-site Oral Health Literacy Research Study (MOHLRS), a large, cross-sectional survey conducted at two university-based dental clinics in the United States...
March 7, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267817/evaluation-of-currently-available-cad-cam-denture-systems
#20
Patricia-Anca Steinmassl, Florian Klaunzer, Otto Steinmassl, Herbert Dumfahrt, Ingrid Grunert
PURPOSE: The introduction of computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) technology into removable denture prosthodontics enables denture adaptation in fewer patient visits, an advantage that appeals to dentists and patients. Since manufacturers follow very different approaches, an evaluation of the different clinical CAD/CAM complete denture fabrication protocols is desirable. The aim of this article is to assess and evaluate the different clinical fabrication protocols of currently available CAD/CAM denture systems to provide decision support for dental practitioners...
March 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
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