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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034970/oral-health-of-older-residents-in-care-and-community-dwellers-nursing-implications
#1
J S Choi, Y J Yi, L R Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Poor oral health is associated with a reduced quality of life and serious illnesses. Consequently, nurses need to be more aware of oral health to improve the general health of residents in care. AIM: To evaluate and compare oral health behaviours and levels of salivary haemoglobin and dental biofilm acidogenicity, which can be used to evaluate oral disease activity, between residents and community dwellers in South Korea. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 133 participants: 64 residents and 69 community dwellers...
October 16, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024454/disclosure-of-personalized-rheumatoid-arthritis-risk-using-genetics-biomarkers-and-lifestyle-factors-to-motivate-health-behavior-improvements-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Jeffrey A Sparks, Maura D Iversen, Zhi Yu, Nellie A Triedman, Maria G Prado, Rachel Miller Kroouze, Sarah S Kalia, Michael L Atkinson, Elinor A Mody, Simon M Helfgott, Derrick J Todd, Paul F Dellaripa, Bonnie L Bermas, Karen H Costenbader, Kevin D Deane, Bing Lu, Robert C Green, Elizabeth W Karlson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of disclosure of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) risk personalized with genetics, biomarkers, and lifestyle factors on health behavior intentions. METHODS: We performed a randomized controlled trial among first-degree relatives without RA. Subjects assigned to the Personalized Risk Estimator for RA (PRE-RA) group received the web-based PRE-RA tool for RA risk factor education and disclosure of personalized RA risk estimates including genotype/autoantibody results and behaviors (n=158)...
October 12, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023928/evaluation-of-medical-and-dental-visits-in-new-york-city-opportunities-to-identify-persons-with-and-at-risk-for-diabetes-mellitus-in-dental-settings
#3
Noreen Myers-Wright, Ira B Lamster, John P Jasek, Shadi Chamany
OBJECTIVE: The identification of persons with or at risk for chronic diseases is a new practice paradigm for oral healthcare. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease of particular importance to oral health providers. This study sought to understand healthcare utilization patterns that would support the introduction of this new practice paradigm. METHODS: The primary and oral healthcare utilization patterns of New York City (NYC) adults were assessed using data collected from the 2013 NYC Community Health Survey...
October 11, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021460/a-case-of-dental-technicians-pneumoconiosis
#4
Masaki Okamoto, Masaki Tominaga, Shigeki Shimizu, Chiyo Yano, Ken Masuda, Masayuki Nakamura, Yoshiaki Zaizen, Takashi Nouno, Satoshi Sakamoto, Mitsuru Yokoyama, Tomotaka Kawayama, Tomoaki Hoshino
A 40-year-old female dental technician visited our hospital for the investigation of a chest X-ray abnormality. Chest computed tomography demonstrated centrilobular nodules and lung volume reduction, and her serum KL-6 level was elevated. A histological analysis of the specimens obtained on a surgical lung biopsy showed peribronchiolar fibrosis with pigmented macrophages and cholesterol clefts. An energy-dispersive X-ray analysis showed that these lung tissues contained some metals, including indium. The serum indium level was also elevated...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016588/mesiodens-a-hospital-based-study
#5
Senchhema Limbu, Parajeeta Dikshit, Sujaya Gupta
 Background: A mesiodens, is the most frequent supernumerary tooth present in the maxillary central incisor region. This study is conducted to know the radiographic characteristics and management of mesiodens in children visiting hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective data collection was done from hospital dental records of children who visited the institution from December 2015-December 2016. Radiographic characteristic of mesiodens including the number, shape, position, direction of crown and complication caused by mesiodens were recorded...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992158/avoidable-emergency-department-visits-a-starting-point
#6
Renee Y Hsia, Matthew Niedzwiecki
Objective: To better characterize and understand the nature of a very conservative definition of 'avoidable' emergency department (ED) visits in the United States to provide policymakers insight into what interventions can target non-urgent ED visits. Design/setting: We performed a retrospective analysis of a very conservative definition of 'avoidable' ED visits using data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2005 to 2011. Participants: We examined a total of 115 081 records, representing 424 million ED visits made by patients aged 18-64 years who were seen in the ED and discharged home...
October 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984068/dental-visiting-behaviours-among-primary-schoolchildren-application-of-the-health-belief-model
#7
C-Y Lee, C-C Ting, J-H Wu, K-T Lee, H-S Chen, Y-Y Chang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and validate a new instrument based on the health belief model and to use the instrument to investigate the determinants of regular dental attendance among primary schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a newly developed measurement scale based on the HBM, 4 health-promoting schools participated in the study and 958 students studying in grades 4-6 completed the questionnaire. The psychometric properties of the instrument were analysed, and a path analysis model was used to identify the determinants of regular dental attendance...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984027/influence-of-a-preschool-preventive-dental-programme-on-caries-prevalence-oral-care-and-secretory-immunity-to-streptococcus-mutans-in-young-adults
#8
K L Aida, S de Paula Ramos, G F Seixas, A Bozza, R S Couto de Almeida, C C Dezan Garbelini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate oral hygiene habits, decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) and surfaces (DMFS), dental care, dietetic habits and anti-Streptococcus mutans salivary secretory Immunoglobulin A (SIgA) in young adults who attended a preventive programme during preschool age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group (Baby Clinic) comprised 72 patients, aged 18-25 years, who had participated in the Baby Clinic preventive programme. The control group was age- and gender-matched...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977183/prevalence-of-health-services-utilization-in-brazil-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Maria Elizete de Almeida Araújo, Marcus Tolentino Silva, Keitty Regina Cordeiro de Andrade, Taís Freire Galvão, Maurício Gomes Pereira
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the prevalence of use of health services in Brazil. METHODS: systematic review and meta-analysis of population-based cross-sectional studies; MEDLINE, EMBASE, other sources, and microdata of surveys were searched; two researchers selected the studies, extracted the data and assessed methodological quality to include in the meta-analysis. RESULTS: from 1,979 retrieved references, 27 studies were included; the prevalence of medical visits in the previous year was 71% (confidence interval of 95% [95%CI] = 69; 73%; I2=99%); the proportion of women in each study (p=0...
July 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976895/discontinuation-of-oral-antiplatelet-agents-before-dental-extraction-necessity-or-myth
#10
Atanaska S Dinkova, Dimitar T Atanasov, Ludmila G Vladimirova-Kitova
BACKGROUND: The risk of excessive bleeding often prompts physicians to interrupt the antiplatelet agents as acetylsalicilyc acid and clopidogrel before dental extractions which puts patients at risk of adverse thrombotic events. AIM: To assess the bleeding risk during dental extractions in patients with continued antiplatelet therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 130 patients (64 men and 66 women) aged between 18 and 99 years old...
September 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972293/evaluating-burning-mouth-syndrome-as-a-comorbidity-of-atypical-odontalgia-the-impact-on-pain-experiences
#11
Trang T H Tu, Anna Miura, Yukiko Shinohara, Lou Mikuzuki, Kaoru Kawasaki, Shiori Sugawara, Takayuki Suga, Takeshi Watanabe, Motoko Watanabe, Yojiro Umezaki, Tatsuya Yoshikawa, Haruhiko Motomura, Miho Takenoshita, Akira Toyofuku
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to: (1) investigate the differences in clinical characteristics of patients between two groups: with Atypical Odontalgia (AO) only and with Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) (2) assess psychiatric comorbidity factor's influence on patients' experience. METHOD: Medical records, psychiatric referral forms of patients visiting the Psychosomatic Dentistry Clinic of Tokyo Medical and Dental University between 2013-2016 were reviewed. The final sample included two groups of 355 patients: AO-only (n=272) and AO-BMS patients (n=83)...
October 3, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971545/patterns-of-opioid-initiation-at-first-visits-for-pain-in-united-states-primary-care-settings
#12
Mallika L Mundkur, Kathryn Rough, Krista F Huybrechts, Raisa Levin, Joshua J Gagne, Rishi J Desai, Elisabetta Patorno, Niteesh K Choudhry, Brian T Bateman
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to characterize variation in patterns of opioid prescribing within primary care settings at first visits for pain, and to describe variation by condition, geography, and patient characteristics. METHODS: 2014 healthcare utilization data from Optum's Clinformatics™ DataMart were used to evaluate individuals 18 years or older with an initial presentation to primary care for 1 of 10 common pain conditions. The main outcomes assessed were (1) the proportion of first visits for pain associated with an opioid prescription fill and (2) the proportion of opioid prescriptions with >7 days' supply...
October 2, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966487/correlations-between-gingival-crevicular-blood-glucose-and-capillary-blood-glucose-a-preliminary-report
#13
Siluvai Sibyl, Darshana Bennadi, Nandita Kshetrimayum, Maurya Manjunath
INTRODUCTION: Oral health plays an important role for screening of many systemic diseases. Hence, dentists play an important role in screening for systemic diseases as well. Early diagnosis of any systemic diseases can prevent long-term complications. Diabetic is one of the common chronic diseases. Hence, the study had been undertaken to evaluate whether gingival crevicular blood (GCB) can be used to screen for diabetes during routine oral health checkups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This analytical study included thirty participants who visited the Department of Periodontics, who fulfilled inclusion criteria and were willing to participate...
October 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965115/clinical-outcomes-and-predictors-for-satisfaction-in-patients-with-improved-lithium-disilicate-all-ceramic-crowns
#14
Mazin Samer, Fawaz AlQahtani, Sami AlDubai, Hadijah Abdullah, Tara Taiyeb-Ali, Fahim Vohra, Roslan Saub
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical outcomes and predictors of satisfaction in patients with lithium disilicate (LD) ceramic crowns. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Clinical outcomes were assessed in 47 patients with 88 LD crowns using modified United States Public Health Service evaluation (USPHS) criteria and survival rates. The questionnaire for predictors included three aspects; a) socio-demographic characteristics; b) oral health habits (tooth brushing frequency, flossing frequency, and dental visits) and c) satisfaction of the restorations (aesthetics, function, fit, cleans ability and chewing ability of the crowns and overall satisfaction)...
October 1, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960766/impact-of-oral-hygiene-on-head-and-neck-cancer-risk-in-a-chinese-population
#15
Daisuke Kawakita, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Qian Li, Yuji Chen, Chien-Jen Chen, Wan-Lun Hsu, Pei-Jen Lou, Cairong Zhu, Jian Pan, Hongbing Shen, Hongxia Ma, Lin Cai, Baochang He, Yu Wang, Xiaoyan Zhou, Qinghai Ji, Baosen Zhou, Wei Wu, Jie Ma, Paolo Boffetta, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Min Dai, Mia Hashibe
BACKGROUND: Although the impact of oral hygiene on head and neck cancer risk has been investigated, few studies have been conducted among the Asian population. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter case-control study to investigate this potential association. We performed unconditional multiple logistic regression models adjusted by potential confounders. RESULTS: We observed an inverse association of frequency of dental visits with head and neck cancer risk, with an adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 3...
September 27, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955598/dental-findings-in-marfan-syndrome-a-case-report
#16
Busra Bostanci, Emre Korkut, Nımet Unlu
Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue primarily characterized with anomalies affecting the musculoskeletal system, the cardiovascular system and the eyes. It has been suggested that early diagnosis of the syndrome is important, because of the risk of infective endocarditis. A 7-year-old female was referred to our clinic, with a chief complaint of dental crowding in the anterior region of mandible. It was observed that the patient needed multiple treatments based on detailed clinical and radiographic examinations...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955069/evaluation-of-dental-anxiety-among-children-visiting-paediatric-dental-department-at-children-hospital
#17
Afsheen Ahmad, Mohammad Shoaib Ayub Kazi, Iftikhar Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: To determine efficacy of the Urdu version of Dental Subscale of Children's Fear Survey Schedule on children for identifying children with dental anxiety. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Children's Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, in November 2015, and comprised child patients who were selected using convenient sampling. Dental Subscale of Children's Fear Survey Schedule was translated into Urdu using forward-backward translation method and administered to subjects aged 4-14 years to evaluate its psychometric properties and set a cut-off score for identifying fearful children...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944357/endodontic-retreatment-vs-dental-implants-of-teeth-with-an-uncertain-endodontic-prognosis-1-year-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Marco Esposito, Marco Tallarico, Anna Trullenque-Eriksson, Rodolfo Gianserra
PURPOSE: To ascertain whether in the presence of a previously endodontically treated tooth with a periapical pathology and/or symptoms and an uncertain prognosis, it is better to endodontically retreat it or to replace the tooth with a single implant-supported crown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients requiring the treatment of a previously endodontically treated tooth, with a periapical pathology and/or symptoms of endodontic origin and an uncertain prognosis, as judged by the recruiting investigators, were randomly allocated to endodontic retreatment (endo group; 20 patients) or tooth extraction and replacement with an implant-supported crown (implant group; 20 patients) according to a parallel group design at two different centres...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944291/acceptability-of-chairside-screening-for-racial-ethnic-minority-older-adults-a-qualitative-study
#19
A P Greenblatt, I Estrada, E W Schrimshaw, S S Metcalf, C Kunzel, M E Northridge
An aging and more racially and ethnically diverse population, coupled with changes in the health care policy environment, is demanding that the dental profession both redirect and expand its focus. Challenges include providing comprehensive care for patients with complicated medical needs while improving access to care for underserved groups. The purpose of this study is to examine the acceptability of screening for hypertension and diabetes in the dental setting for African American, Puerto Rican, and Dominican older adults who attend senior centers in northern Manhattan, New York City...
October 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939062/poor-oral-health-affects-survival-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#20
Douglas R Farquhar, Kimon Divaris, Angela L Mazul, Mark C Weissler, Jose P Zevallos, Andrew F Olshan
INTRODUCTION: Poor oral health has emerged as a risk factor for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) but its impact on survival has not been examined. We sought to estimate the impact of oral health indicators on survival in a population-based HNSCC cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases (n=1381) and age-, sex- and race-matched controls (n=1396) were participants in the Carolina Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiologic Study (CHANCE). Vital status was determined via linkage with the National Death Index...
October 2017: Oral Oncology
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