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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905923/prevalence-severity-and-risk-factors-of-gingival-inflammation-in-caribbean-adults-a-multi-city-cross-sectional-study
#1
Augusto R Elías-Boneta, Milagros J Toro, Sona Rivas-Tumanyan, Arvind Babu Rajendra-Santosh, Michael Brache, James R Collins C
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence, severity, and associated risk factors of gingival inflammation in a group of adults from Kingston, Jamaica; Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic; and San Juan, Puerto Rico. METHODS: In this representative cross-sectional study, participants completed medical and oral health questionnaires and received an oral clinical examination by trained and calibrated examiners. Clinical assessments included: gingival health (modified Löe-Silness index), visible plaque and presence of calculus...
June 2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900906/knowledge-and-awareness-of-dental-implants-as-a-treatment-choice-in-adult-population-in-south-india-a-hospital-based-study
#2
Anoop Mayya, Joana D'Souza, Ann Mary George, Kamalakanth Shenoy, Praveen Jodalli, Shreemathi S Mayya
Context: Implant-supported prosthesis improves the self-confidence and quality of life of the patient by giving them masticatory comfort and a high level of satisfaction. For any professional community, it is essential to know whether patients feel well informed and whether what they know reflects on the current advances in dental health care. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and awareness of dental implants as a treatment choice in patients visiting a dental college situated in Mangalore, Karnataka, India...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900806/water-fluoridation-and-dental-caries-in-u-s-children-and-adolescents
#3
G D Slade, W B Grider, W R Maas, A E Sanders
Fluoridation of America's drinking water was among the great public health achievements of the 20th century. Yet there is a paucity of studies from the past 3 decades investigating its dental health benefits in the U.S. POPULATION: This cross-sectional study sought to evaluate associations between availability of community water fluoridation (CWF) and dental caries experience in the U.S. child and adolescent population. County-level estimates of the percentage of population served by CWF (% CWF) from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Water Fluoridation Reporting System were merged with dental examination data from 10 y of National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (1999 to 2004 and 2011 to 2014)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896317/the-influence-of-mothers-oral-health-behaviour-and-perception-thereof-on-the-dental-health-of-their-children
#4
Jana Olak, Minh Son Nguyen, Thuy Trang Nguyen, Bui Bao Tien Nguyen, Mare Saag
Objective: The study aims to investigate how mothers' oral health behaviour and perception thereof influence the dental health in their children. Methods: A total of 556 Vietnamese mother-child pairs participated in the current study. Mothers self-reported their oral status and oral health behaviour and perception. Dental caries of the children were examined using the index of decayed, missing, and filled teeth. The Dental Anxiety Scale instrument was used to assess the dental anxiety level in mothers and children...
June 2018: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894494/the-impact-of-a-preventive-and-curative-oral-healthcare-program-on-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-oral-health-problems-in-nursing-home-residents
#5
Barbara Janssens, Jacques Vanobbergen, Mirko Petrovic, Wolfgang Jacquet, Jos Mga Schols, Luc De Visschere
AIMS: To assess the impact of an oral healthcare program in nursing homes on the initial treatment backlog and residents' oral health stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is a longitudinal cohort study in nursing home residents in Flanders, Belgium, to evaluate the oral healthcare programme Gerodent. The program consisted of: (1) the introduction of an oral healthcare team, (2) oral health education, (3) the implementation of oral health guidelines and protocols, and (4) regular visits of a mobile dental team...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893411/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviour-towards-preventive-oral-care-in-early-childhood-among-paediatricians-in-trinidad-and-tobago-findings-of-a-national-survey
#6
Visha Ramroop, Annie Kowlessar, Vidya Ramcharitar-Maharaj, Lerissa Morris, Rahul Naidu
OBJECTIVE: To determine paediatrician's knowledge and attitudes about oral health in Trinidad and Tobago. DESIGN AND METHOD: A pre-tested questionnaire was sent out via survey monkey to 70 out of 75 paediatricians registered with the Medical Board of Trinidad and for whom email addresses were available. Hard copies of the questionnaires were delivered to the paediatric departments of the Eric Williams Medical Sciences complex. Paediatricians that were unable to complete the questionnaire online were asked to complete hard copies...
June 12, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888506/fluoride-varnish-application-a-quality-improvement-project-implemented-in-a-rural-pediatric-practice
#7
Ellen A Gnaedinger
OBJECTIVES: The United States has a public health crisis of dental caries in children's primary teeth. Fifty-five percent of children have dental caries by age 8. The majority of these children are nonwhite and poor. Caries could be decreased by 40% if fluoride varnish (FV) application started with tooth eruption. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A four-month FV application QI project was implemented in a rural pediatric practice. The staff was trained by the Vermont Department of Health using the From the First Tooth protocol...
June 10, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887612/effect-of-tobacco-use-on-tooth-loss-among-patients-visiting-the-out-patient-dental-department-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#8
Fazain Hussain Qureshi, Saima Hamid, Samina Mohsin Khan, Altaf Hussain Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors influencing tooth loss and to assess the strength of association between the factors and the loss.s. METHODS: The unmatched case-control study was conducted at the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Islamabad, from March to April 2016, and comprised data of patients who visited the outpatient dental department. Face-to-face interviews and clinical examination were done. Data was analysed using SPSS 20...
June 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882304/primary-hyperoxaluria-orthodontic-management-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-report
#9
A P Cazzolla, K Zhurakivska, D Ciavarella, M G Lacaita, G Favia, N F Testa, G Marzo, V La Carbonara, G Troiano, L Lo Muzio
AIMS: The aim of this study is to report the case of the orthodontic treatment in a patient affected by primary hyperoxaluria type 1 and subjected to a combinate liver-kidney transplant. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 9-year patient was admitted to our department for the presence of facial dysmorphism. The patient was affected by primary hyperoxaluria type 1 and has undergone a combined liver-kidney transplantation. At the time of the visit, he was in treatment with immunosuppressive drugs and received a corticosteroid and an antibiotic therapy monthly...
June 8, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880923/helping-to-keep-gums-healthy-between-dental-visits
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879974/the-prevalence-of-dental-anxiety-and-its-association-with-pain-and-other-variables-among-adult-patients-with-irreversible-pulpitis
#11
Lei Dou, Margaret Maria Vanschaayk, Yan Zhang, Xiaoming Fu, Ping Ji, Deqin Yang
BACKGROUND: The aim is to investigate the prevalence of dental anxiety and its association with pain and other related factors in adult patients with irreversible pulpitis. METHODS: One hundred and thirty patients with irreversible pulpitis were included in this cross-sectional study. Participants were asked to fill out an information table and a battery of questionnaires to assess their level of dental anxiety, pain at their first and most recent dental experience, and pain intensity before/during the present endodontic treatment...
June 7, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878377/oral-health-and-dental-morbidity-in-long-term-allogeneic-blood-and-marrow-transplant-survivors-in-australia
#12
Gemma Dyer, Lisa Brice, Mark Schifter, Nicole Gilroy, Masura Kabir, Mark Hertzberg, Matt Greenwood, Stephen R Larsen, John Moore, David Gottlieb, Gillian Huang, Megan Hogg, Louisa Brown, Jeff Tan, Christopher Ward, Ian Kerridge
BACKGROUND: Oral and dental disease is a major cause of long-term morbidity following allogeneic blood and marrow transplantation (Allo-BMT). This study aimed to describe the extent and range of oral and dental complications in BMT recipients, and to identify gaps in service provision provided to this high-risk group. METHODS: Participants were Allo-BMT recipients, aged >18years, and received transplants between 2000-2012 in NSW. They completed seven surveys, the purpose-designed Sydney Post-BMT Study survey and six other validated instruments...
June 7, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875864/prosthodontics-status-and-treatment-needs-among-the-elderly-in-the-republic-of-macedonia
#13
Julijana Nikolovska, Vesna Korunoska-Stevkovska, Aneta Mijoska, Lidija Popovska
BACKGROUND: Oral health care management among the elderly differs from the rest of the population, due to some specific physiological changes and general health status related to age. We know very little about the oral health in elderly in the Republic of Macedonia, because there are only a few articles published about dental health status and edentulism of this population. AIM: The study aimed to evaluate the prosthodontic status of older adults over 65 years in the Republic of Macedonia, about their socio-economic status and individual factors...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875565/profile-of-dental-caries-in-teenagers-in-mumbai-city-visiting-nair-hospital-dental-college
#14
Kulvinder Singh Banga, Sweta Rastogi, Siddhi Mistry
Background: Witnessing the alarming rise and pattern of distribution of dental caries worldwide, the need of the hour is to take initiative in preventing the spread further. Aim: This survey was conducted to determine the occurrence of dental caries and its associated risk factors in teenagers of Mumbai city who visited Nair Hospital Dental College. Materials and Methods: The objective of the study was to analyze the current dietary habits, oral hygiene status, and the number of sugar exposures in teenagers by a questionnaire followed by clinical examination which was carried out using International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) II to detect the profile of dental caries...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875086/dental-home-visits-for-caries-prevention-among-preschool-children-protocol-for-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-on-a-randomized-control-trial
#15
Niekla Survia Andiesta, Maimunah A Hamid, Kkc Lee, Allan Pau
BACKGROUND: In 2012, nearly 4000 children in Malaysia were referred to hospital pediatric dental services due to dental caries. Recent research has reported the effectiveness of dental home visits in preventing caries development in young children. Dental home visits (DHVs) are described as an ongoing relationship between the dentist and their patients, providing all aspects of a preventive oral health care program in the presence of the parents at home. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of dental home visits and oral health information, in the form of educational leaflets, in preventing new caries development in young children, compared to those receiving only educational leaflets over a period of two years...
June 6, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869194/dental-caries-experience-and-utilization-of-oral-health-services-among-tibetan-refugee-background-children-in-paonta-sahib-himachal-pradesh-india
#16
Sumeet Bhatt, Ambika Gaur
The study was done to describe the dental caries experience and dental care utilization among Tibetan refugee-background children in Paonta Sahib, India. The study was conducted on 254 school children in a Tibetan settlement in Paonta Sahib. Examination was done as per World Health Organization Oral Health Assessment criteria (2013). Data on dental services utilization was obtained from the parents of children using a structured questionnaire. Oral examination of 254 school children aged 6-18 years revealed an overall dental caries prevalence of 79...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860930/building-oral-health-research-infrastructure-the-first-national-oral-health-survey-of-rwanda
#17
John P Morgan, Moses Isyagi, Joseph Ntaganira, Agnes Gatarayiha, Sarah E Pagni, Tamar C Roomian, Matthew Finkelman, Jane E M Steffensen, Jane R Barrow, Chrispinus H Mumena, Donna M Hackley
BACKGROUND: Oral health affects quality of life and is linked to overall health. Enhanced oral health research is needed in low- and middle-income countries to develop strategies that reduce the burden of oral disease, improve oral health and inform oral health workforce and infrastructure development decisions. OBJECTIVE: To implement the first National Oral Health Survey of Rwanda to assess the oral disease burden and inform oral health promotion strategies. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, sample size and site selection were based on the World Health Organization (WHO) Oral Health Surveys Pathfinder stratified cluster methodologies...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807956/oral-health-status-in-alzheimer-s-disease-patients-a-descriptive-study-in-an-italian-population
#18
Giovanni D'Alessandro, Tommaso Costi, Nadia Alkhamis, Simone Bagattoni, Agnese Sadotti, Gabriela Piana
AIM: To evaluate the oral health status in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study was performed on 120 AD patients (60 institutionalized in a public institute and 60 attended a daytime center), from September 2013 to January 2014. About 103 subjects formed the control group. The following medical and dental data were collected: dementia severity, pharmacological therapy, physical status (American Society of Anesthesiologists [ASA]), decayed (D), filled (F), and remaining natural teeth (T), DF/T ratio, community periodontal index (CPI), and gingival index (GI)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806668/5-year-outcomes-after-coverage-of-soft-tissue-dehiscence-around-single-implants-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Giovanni Zucchelli, Pietro Felice, Claudio Mazzotti, Matteo Marzadori, Ilham Mounssif, Carlo Monaco, Stefanini Martina
PURPOSE: To report the 5-year clinical and aesthetic outcomes of a novel surgical-prosthetic approach for the treatment of buccal soft tissue dehiscence around single dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with buccal soft tissues dehiscence around single implants in the aesthetic area were treated by removing the implant-supported crown, reducing the implant abutment, coronally advanced flap in combination with connective tissue graft and final restoration...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806663/immediately-loaded-zygomatic-implants-vs-conventional-dental-implants-in-augmented-atrophic-maxillae-1-year-post-loading-results-from-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Rubén Davó, Pietro Felice, Roberto Pistilli, Carlo Barausse, Carlos Marti-Pages, Ada Ferrer-Fuertes, Daniela Rita Ippolito, Marco Esposito
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcome of immediately loaded cross-arch maxillary prostheses supported by zygomatic implants vs conventional implants placed in augmented bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 71 edentulous patients with severely atrophic maxillas without sufficient bone volumes for placing dental implants, or when it was possible to place only two implants in the anterior area (minimal diameter 3.5 mm and length of 8 mm) and less than 4 mm of bone height subantrally, were randomised according to a parallel group design to receive zygomatic implants (35 patients) to be loaded immediately vs grafting with a xenograft, followed after 6 months of graft consolidation by placement of six to eight conventional dental implants submerged for 4 months (36 patients)...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
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