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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686495/identification-of-early-childhood-caries-in-primary-care-settings
#1
Alexandra Nicolae, Leo Levin, Peter D Wong, Malini G Dave, Jillian Taras, Chetna Mistry, Elizabeth L Ford-Jones, Michele Wong, Robert J Schroth
Early childhood caries (ECC) is the most common chronic disease affecting young children in Canada. ECC may lead to pain and infection, compromised general health, decreased quality of life and increased risk for dental caries in primary and permanent teeth. A multidisciplinary approach to prevent and identify dental disease is recommended by dental and medical national organizations. Young children visit primary care providers at regular intervals from an early age. These encounters provide an ideal opportunity for primary care providers to educate clients about their children's oral health and its importance for general health...
April 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685874/impact-of-oral-side-effects-from-conditioning-therapy-before-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-protocol-for-a-multicenter-study
#2
Michael T Brennan, Bengt Hasséus, Allan J Hovan, Judith E Raber-Durlacher, Nicole Ma Blijlevens, Marie-Charlotte Huysmans, Karin Garming Legert, Jan-Erik Johansson, Charity G Moore, Inger von Bültzingslöwen
BACKGROUND: The oral cavity is a common site of complications related to the cytotoxic effect of high-dose chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Considering our limited understanding of the burden of illness in the oral cavity from various cytotoxic therapies, it is difficult to produce evidence-based, preventive and management protocols. A prospective multicenter study is necessary to collect data on the burden of illness from various cytotoxic regimens. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this prospective international observational multicenter study in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients are to establish the nature, incidence and temporal relationship of oral complications related to conditioning regimens (chemotherapy with or without total body irradiation), stem cell transplantation and the immunologic reactions (mainly graft-vs-host-disease) that may follow, and to determine what subjective and objective oral complications related to treatment can predict negative clinical and economic outcomes and reduced quality of life...
April 23, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681838/unilateral-vision-loss-after-a-dental-visit
#3
Mohammed H Khattab, Annette Wiegand, Marcus Storch, Hans Hoerauf, Nicolas Feltgen
Intraoral local anesthetics are widely used for performing painless dental treatments; however, in some cases, they may cause ocular complications such as meiosis, diplopia, nystagmus, ophthalmoplegia, ptosis, and amaurosis. Mostly, the symptoms disappear after several hours; rarely, they have a prolonged character. We describe the case of a 38-year-old young man who had reduced vision in the left eye 5 days after having received intraoral local anesthesia. A diagnosis of cilioretinal artery occlusion with optic disc swelling was made...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673741/cross-sectional-observational-study-exploring-clinical-risk-of-titanium-allergy-caused-by-dental-implants
#4
Maki Hosoki, Keisuke Nishigawa, Toyoko Tajima, Mayu Ueda, Yoshizo Matsuka
PURPOSE: Studies have reported cases of metal allergy caused by titanium-containing materials. We wished to clarify the relationship between titanium allergy and dental implants by describing patients who suffered allergic symptoms after they had received such implants. METHODS: A total of 270 patients who visited a Dental Metal Allergy Clinic at Tokushima University Hospital from April 2010 to March 2014 were the study cohort. Patch testing with 28 types of metal allergens (including four titanium allergens) was undertaken for patients...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670725/association-of-liver-enzyme-levels-and-alveolar-bone-loss-a-cross-sectional-clinical-study-in-sado-island
#5
Ayumi Kuroki, Noriko Sugita, Shigeki Komatsu, Akio Yokoseki, Akihiro Yoshihara, Tetsuo Kobayashi, Kazutoshi Nakamura, Takeshi Momotsu, Naoto Endo, Kenji Sato, Ichiei Narita, Hiromasa Yoshie
Background: The interaction of periodontopathic bacteria with host immune system induces the production of inflammatory mediators which leads to alveolar bone loss (ABL), the essential feature of periodontitis. Concurrently, periodontal diseases cause the elevation of blood cytokine levels, the alteration of gut microbiota and the dissemination of enterobacteria to the liver. Owing to these mechanisms, periodontal disease might be a risk for liver dysfunction. Several epidemiological studies have reported associations between periodontal diseases and liver dysfunction, although the association between ABL and liver dysfunction has not been investigated...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664546/the-role-of-the-gynaecologist-in-the-promotion-and-maintenance-of-oral-health-during-pregnancy
#6
Angelika Kobylińska, Nicole Sochacki-Wójcicka, Natalia Dacyna, Magdalena Trzaska, Anna Zawadzka, Dariusz Gozdowski, Mirosław Wielgoś, Dorota Olczak-Kowalczyk
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess routine dental examination attendance of pregnant women and a possible impact of gynaecological referrals on the attendance rate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic survey was conducted that was inclusive of women up to 5 years following delivery. The questions related to socio-demographic data, the course of pregnancy and childbirth, and visits to dental office during pregnancy. For statistical analysis, the authors utilized the chi-square test, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and odds ratios...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660771/integrated-approach-to-oral-health-in-aged-care-facilities-using-oral-health-practitioners-and-teledentistry-in-rural-queensland
#7
Anna Tynan, Lisa Deeth, Debra McKenzie, Carolyn Bourke, Shayne Stenhouse, Jacinta Pitt, Helen Linneman
PROBLEM: Residents of residential aged care facilities are at very high risk of developing complex oral diseases and dental problems. Key barriers exist in delivering oral health services to residential aged care facilities, particularly in regional and rural areas. DESIGN: A quality improvement study incorporating pre- and post chart audits and pre- and post consultation with key stakeholders, including staff and residents, expert opinion on cost estimates and field notes were used...
April 16, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659021/absence-of-a-moderating-effect-of-parent-health-literacy-on-early-head-start-enrollment-and-dental-use
#8
Jacqueline M Burgette, John S Preisser, Morris Weinberger, Rebecca S King, Jessica Y Lee, R Gary Rozier
OBJECTIVES: To examine the moderating effect of parents' health literacy (HL) on the effectiveness of North Carolina Early Head Start (EHS) in improving children's dental use. METHODS: Parents of 479 children enrolled in EHS and 699 Medicaid-matched parent-child dyads were interviewed at baseline when children were approximately 10 months old and 24 months later. We used in-person computer-assisted, structured interviews to collect information on sociodemographic characteristics, dental use, and administer the Short Assessment of Health Literacy - Spanish and English (SAHL-S&E)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657492/estimation-and-quantification-of-human-dna-in-dental-calculus-a-pilot-study
#9
Udita Singh, Saurabh Goel
Context: Identification using DNA has proved its accuracy multiple times in the field of forensic investigations. Investigators usually rely on either teeth or bone as the DNA reservoirs. However, there are instances where the skeletal or dental remains are not available or not preserved properly. Moreover, due to religious beliefs, the family members of the dead do not allow the investigating team to damage the remains for the sole purpose of identification. Aim: To investigate the presence of human DNA in dental calculus and to quantify the amount, if present...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657489/a-radiographic-survey-of-agenesis-of-the-third-molar-a-panoramic-study
#10
Nisha Singh, Shrinivas Chaudhari, Rohan Chaudhari, Sagar Nagare, Abhay Kulkarni, Pratik Parkarwar
Purpose: It is a well-known fact that nature tries to eliminate what is not in use. Because of this, the number of certain teeth which are no longer necessary for function are either getting increasingly impacted or are not developing at all. This is especially the case where third molars are concerned. Furthermore, the presence or absence of the third molar is significant to all branches of dentistry and in particular, forensic dentistry. Objectives: The objectives of this study is to assess (1) The prevalence of third molar agenesis in population of age group 18-25 years...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652012/nature-and-pattern-of-primary-teeth-extractions-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-setting-in-south-india
#11
Shini Susan Samuel, Daniel Sathiya Sundaram Selvaraj, Jagadish Ebenezer, Grace Rebekah, Santosh Koshy
Background: Many studies have been carried out on the prevalence of dental diseases in children although not much information is available regarding its outcome among Indian children. Aim: The aim of the present study was to analyze the type of primary tooth extracted and the reasons for the extraction among children attending a tertiary care hospital in the Southern part of India. Materials and Methods: The dental records of pediatric patients who had visited the dental clinic of a tertiary care hospital located in Tamil Nadu, South India from December 2013 to November 2016 were reviewed...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651059/aesthetic-possibilities-in-removable-prosthodontics-part-3-photometric-tooth-selection-tooth-setting-try-in-fitting-reviewing-and-trouble-shooting
#12
J N Besford, A F Sutton
This final article in a series of three on producing complete dentures which the patient considers attractive, describes selecting the denture teeth, setting the front teeth at the chairside, the try-in visits, processing, fitting and reviewing the dentures. The role of the patient as captain of the ship, the dental nurse as the patient's support and liaison officer, and the clinician as the first technical officer is outlined. The use of immediate replay video technology in allowing a patient to see what the trial denture really looks like is described...
April 13, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645407/child-caregiver-and-family-factors-associated-with-child-dental-utilization-among-mexican-migrant-families-in-california
#13
T L Finlayson, P Asgari, E Dougherty, B K Tadese, N Stamm, A Nunez-Alvarez
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between child, caregiver, and family-level factors and child dental utilization. RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional oral health survey. PARTICIPANTS: Caregivers and one study child (ages 0-17) from Mexican migrant families in northern San Diego county, CA (n=142). METHODS: Caregivers reported on child's dental care utilization history and related factors, including: child (age, gender, dental insurance, source of care, believed to have cavities), caregiver (marital status, income, education, acculturation level, depressive symptoms), and family cohesion...
April 12, 2018: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643711/dental-utilization-and-expenditures-by-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Kai-Chun Chang, Ling-Yi Wang, Jen-Hung Wang, Cheng-Kuang Shaw, Ming-Jay Hwang, Chih-Hao Wu, Huai-Kuan Huang
Objectives: It is understood that children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have difficulty in receiving dental treatment. This study explores the differences in dental utilization and expenditure between two groups: children and adolescents with and without ASD. Different conditions that affect these results will be examined, including area of residence, category of treatment, and preferences concerning type of dental institution in Taiwan. Materials and Methods: The health service research database of the National Health Research Institutes, which features population-based, randomly selected samples collected from 2001 to 2010, was utilized in this study...
January 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629332/extent-of-awareness-regarding-oral-health-and-dental-treatment-needs-among-individuals-with-hearing-and-speech-impairments-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Mohammed Mustafa, Faris Yahya I Asiri, Shahad AlGhannam, Ibrahim Ali Mohammed AlQarni, Mohammed Abdullah AlAteeg, Sukumaran Anil
Objective: This study aims to evaluate the awareness level of the individuals with hearing and speech impairments (deaf and dumb individuals), in relation to their oral health and dental treatment needs. Materials and Methods: The approach of stratified randomization method of sampling was used for the selection of participants. About 240 people with hearing and speech impairments (deaf and dumb) were selected from four cities of Saudi Arabia, which includes AlKharj, Riyadh, Dammam and Abha...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624968/self-perception-of-oral-health-in-older-adults-from-mexico-city
#16
(no author information available yet)
Background: Quality of life related to oral health is assessed through the individual’s self-perceived oral health (SPOH). The objective is to determine SPOH in relation to socio-demographic and health characteristics in older adults beneficiaries from the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) in Mexico City. Methods: Cross-sectional study. We used data collection with questionnaire and assessment scales related to socio-demographic, health and dependency variables, as well as the visit to the dentist, the use of removable dental prostheses and SPOH...
2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619750/oral-health-practices-beliefs-and-dental-service-utilization-of-albanian-immigrants-in-milwaukee-wisconsin-a-pilot-study
#17
K Rota, C Spanbauer, A Szabo, C E Okunseri
There is limited information on the oral health of Albanian immigrant population residing in the U.S. This creates a hinderance to developing and implementing appropriate dental care programs for the population. This study investigated oral health practices, beliefs, dental visits and associated factors of Albanian adults living in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Purposive and snowball sampling methods were employed. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data on oral health practices, beliefs, dental visits and socio-demographic information...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617487/-oral-health-care-in-the-xingu-indigenous-park-brazil-from-2004-to-2013-an-analysis-based-on-evaluation-indicators
#18
Pablo Natanael Lemos, Douglas Antônio Rodrigues, Paulo Frazão, Lucila Brandão Hirooka, Alana Cristina Guisilini, Paulo Capel Narvai
In 2011, the Brazilian National Oral Health Policy redefined its model of care for indigenous peoples, recommending the use of epidemiology and follow-up of the impact of activities using adequate indicators. The current study aimed to analyze trends in these indicators, proposed by the Brazilian Ministry of Health, in the Xingu Indigenous Park, Brazil, from 2004 to 2013. This was a quantitative study using secondary data from the Xingu Special Indigenous Health District and the Xingu Project of the Federal University of São Paulo...
March 29, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615188/trends-in-annual-dental-visits-among-us-dentate-adults-with-and-without-self-reported-diabetes-and-prediabetes-2004-2014
#19
Huabin Luo, Ronny A Bell, Wanda Wright, Qiang Wu, Bei Wu
BACKGROUND: The authors assessed the trends of annual dental visits in dentate adults with diabetes or prediabetes or no diabetes, and assessed whether the racial and ethnic disparities in dental visits changed from 2004 through 2014. METHODS: Data for this analysis came from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a US health survey that looks at behavioral risk factors that was developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in cooperation with state health departments...
March 31, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610675/habit-an-early-phase-study-to-explore-an-oral-health-intervention-delivered-by-health-visitors-to-parents-with-young-children-aged-9-12-months-study-protocol
#20
Ieva Eskyte, Kara Gray-Burrows, Jenny Owen, Bianca Sykes-Muskett, Tim Zoltie, Susanne Gill, Victoria Smith, Rosemary McEachan, Zoe Marshman, Robert West, Sue Pavitt, Peter Day
Background: Parental supervised brushing (PSB) when initiated in infancy can lead to long-term protective home-based oral health habits thereby reducing the risk of dental caries. However, PSB is a complex behaviour with many barriers reported by parents hindering its effective implementation. Within the UK, oral health advice is delivered universally to parents by health visitors and their wider teams when children are aged between 9 and 12 months. Nevertheless, there is no standardised intervention or training upon which health visitors can base this advice, and they often lack the specialised knowledge needed to help parents overcome barriers to performing PSB and limiting sugary foods and drinks...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
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