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Pyogenic Meningitis

Arnab Dey, Prithwiraj Bhattacharjee, B K Nath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Amna Jawaid, Surriya Bano, Anwar Ul Haque, Khubaib Arif
Meningitis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide in intensive care settings. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency and outcome in children with meningitis through a retrospective chart review done in pediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary care hospital from January 2000 to December 2014. During these 14 years, 64 patients were admitted with meningitis in pediatric intensive care unit. Out of 64, 36 were diagnosed with pyogenic meningitis, 18 patients with viral meningitis, and 10 with tuberculous meningitis...
August 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Gaurav Saigal, Natalya Nagornaya, M Judith D Post
Imaging is useful in the diagnosis and management of infections of the central nervous system. Typically, imaging findings at the outset of the disease are subtle and nonspecific, but they often evolve to more definite imaging patterns in a few days, with less rapidity than for stroke but faster than for neoplastic lesions. This timing is similar to that of noninfectious inflammatory brain disease, such as multiple sclerosis. Fortunately, imaging patterns help to distinguish the two kinds of processes. Other than for sarcoidosis, the meninges are seldom involved in noninfectious inflammation; in contrast, many infectious processes involve the meninges, which then enhance with contrast on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
A Salmon-Rousseau, E Piednoir, V Cattoir, A de La Blanchardière
BACKGROUND: The Hajj is the largest annual mass gathering event in the world, thus favoring the transmission of various infections: 183 different nationalities, high temperatures, coincidence with the start of the flu season in the Northern hemisphere, a long barefoot walk, tent-type accommodation, communal toilet facilities, absence of food control, and sharing of razors. Infections are the first cause of hospital admission, which often occurs in the home country of pilgrims. METHODS: Literature review on PubMed from 1952 to November 2015 on the epidemiology and prevention of infections contracted during the Hajj, using the keywords "Hajj" and "infections"...
May 24, 2016: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Kamini Gupta, Avik Banerjee, Kavita Saggar, Archana Ahluwalia, Karan Saggar
BACKGROUND: Infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are common and routinely encountered. Our aim was to evaluate the neuroimaging features of the various infections of the CNS so as to differentiate them from tumoral, vascular, and other entities that warrant a different line of therapy. AIMS: Our aim was to analyze the biochemical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features in CNS infections. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a longitudinal, prospective study over a period of 1½ years...
January 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Koji Shimozono, Hideki Korenaga, Reiko Mawatari, Naoki Tsukishima
A 59-years old man, having untreated hypertension and diabetes, was admitted to our hospital because of lumbago and fever. A T2-weighted image of spine showed increased signal intensity of vertebra at L3 and L4. Methicillin-susceptible staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) infection was confirmed by blood culturing. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis showed pleocytosis. Diagsosis of pyogenic spondylitis with bacterial meningitis was made. Diffusion-weighted magnetic imaging of the brain disclosed a focal hyperintense lesion in the corpus callosum which showed a low coefficient in the apparent diffusion coefficient mapping...
May 31, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Giovanna Villa, Maria Cristina Diana, Nicoletta Solari, Roberto Bandettini, Stefania Sorrentino, Anna Loy, Giuseppe Losurdo, Salvatore Renna
Listeria monocytogenes is a facultative anerobic, gram-positive bacillus that is isolated from the soil, vegetables, and wild or domestic animals. Listeria infection is usually found in the older adults, immunocompromised patients, pregnant women, and newborns, whereas it is rare in healthy infants and children. Listeria monocytogenes may cause meningitis, meningoencephalitis, brain abscess, pyogenic arthritis, osteomyelitis, and liver abscess in children. The course of meningoencephalitis by Listeria is often severe and even fatal...
April 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Shripad Patil, Prashant Giribhattanavar, Madhusudan Patil, Kavitha Kumar
Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is a serious form of disease of the central nervous system. Early and accurate diagnosis of the disease and effective treatment are key important factors to contain the disease. The disease presents as chronic meningitis where other partners such as fungal meningitis, neurosyphilis, cysticercal meningitis, carcinomatous meningitis and partially treated pyogenic meningitis share a similar clinical picture making the diagnosis complicated. Culturing of the pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sample has shown a poor response...
June 2015: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Ravindra Kumar Garg, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Amita Jain
Tuberculous meningitis is a serious infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Early diagnosis is the key to success of treatment. Neuroimaging plays a crucial role in the early and accurate diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis and its disabling complications. Magnetic resonance imaging is considered superior to computed tomography. Neuroimaging characteristics include leptomeningeal and basal cisternal enhancement, hydrocephalus, periventricular infarcts, and tuberculoma. Partially treated pyogenic meningitis, cryptococcal meningitis, viral encephalitis, carcinomatous, and lymphomatous meningitis may have many similar neuroimaging characteristics, and differentiation from tuberculous meningitis at times on the basis of neuroimaging characteristics becomes difficult...
March 2016: Neurology India
D O'Toole, K S Sondgeroth
Histophilus somni is responsible for sporadic disease worldwide in cattle and, to a lesser extent, in small ruminants, bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis), and North American bison (Bison bison). The importance of H. somni diseases can be attributed to improved clinical and laboratory recognition, combined with the growth in intensive management practices for cattle. Although outbreaks of bovine histophilosis can occur year-round, in northern and southern hemispheres, it is most frequent in late fall and early winter...
2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
Céline Plainvert, Alexandra Doloy, Caroline Joubrel, Naouale Maataoui, Nicolas Dmytruk, Gérald Touak, Gislène Collobert, Agnès Fouet, Claire Poyart, Julien Loubinoux
Sixty-three cases of Streptococcus pyogenes meningitis in adults were studied. Three predominant emm types were associated with meningitis: emm1 (44%), emm3 (11%), and emm6 (11%). Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome and mortality rates were 40% and 38%, respectively.
April 2016: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
I Aramendi, A Iturralde, H Tarigo, A Giordano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicina Intensiva
Seema D Shekhawat, Hemant J Purohit, Girdhar M Taori, Hatim F Daginawala, Rajpal S Kashyap
OBJECTIVES: Diagnosis of tuberculosis meningitis (TBM) remains challenging in tuberculosis (TB) endemic countries. The need for TB biomarkers arises, in part, from the difficulty of accurately diagnosing TBM with the available methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To explore the potential of host Hsps (Hsp 25, Hsp 60, Hsp 70 and Hsp 90) as an alternative marker in TBM diagnosis, we evaluated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sample of TBM (n=49), Pyogenic Meningitis (PM) (n=20), Viral Meningitis (VM) (n=09), Fungal Meningitis (FM) (n=04) and non infectious control (n=79) patients using indirect ELISA...
January 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Clémence Demerle, Vadim Ivanov, Cédric Mercier, Régis Costello, Michel Drancourt
INTRODUCTION: Community-acquired meningitis is a monomicrobial infection caused by either viruses or bacteria in the vast majority of patients. We report here one exceptional case of a patient with mixed bacterial meningitis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 68-year-old immunocompromised Caucasian man suffering from otitis and then meningitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae and Streptococcus pyogenes...
2015: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Melissa Dakkak, William Russell Cullinane, Virin Rajiv Neil Ramoutar
Subdural empyema (SDE) and cerebrovascular accident (CVA) are uncommon life-threatening complications of bacterial meningitis, which require urgent neurosurgical intervention to prevent adverse outcomes. Clinicians must be vigilant of the onset of focal neurologic deficits or seizure activity to establish the diagnosis of SDE. Streptococcus pneumoniae accounts for <1% of pyogenic brain abscesses. This case describes a presentation of community acquired pneumococcal pneumonia in which the diagnosis of SDE with vasculitis induced CVA was confounded by concomitant substance abuse and sedation...
2015: Case Reports in Medicine
Andrea Talacchi, Pietro Meneghelli, Ignazio Borghesi, Francesca Locatelli
PURPOSE: Syringomyelia is a misleading disease since the problem always lies elsewhere. Arachnoiditis, because it is radiographically difficult to discern, is an especially insidious cause. To better guide selection from among surgical treatment options for syringomyelia, we reviewed our case series of patients without Chiari malformation or spinal injury. METHODS: Excluding syringomyelia due to Chiari malformation, spinal cord injury, and tumors, 32 patients (mean age 44 years) were operated on between 1995 and 2013 and followed up for a mean of 53...
June 2016: European Spine Journal
James M Johnston, Theresa N Ramos, Anastasia A Arynchyna, Tessa E Blackburn, John Amburgy, Brandon George Rocque, Jeffrey P Blount, Curtis J Rozzelle, Jerry Oakes, Scott R Barnum
INTRODUCTION: Shunt infection and failure are associated with significant medical costs and hospitalization days. Current practice relies on microbiology culture, which significantly delays definitive diagnosis. Complement activation in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been shown to be a reliable biomarker of meningitis but has not been evaluated in shunt infection or failure. A rapid diagnostic complement assay could aid in identifying patients with hydrocephalus-associated complications...
August 2015: Neurosurgery
E Turgut Tali, A Yusuf Oner, A Murat Koc
Spinal infections are a spectrum of disease comprising spondylitis, diskitis, spondylodiskitis, pyogenic facet arthropathy, epidural infections, meningitis, polyradiculopathy, and myelitis. Inflammation can be caused by pyogenic, granulomatous, autoimmune, idiopathic, and iatrogenic conditions. In an era of immune suppression, tuberculosis, and HIV epidemic, together with worldwide socioeconomic fluctuations, spinal infections are increasing. Despite advanced diagnostic technology, diagnosis of this entity and differentiation from degenerative disease, noninfective inflammatory lesions, and spinal neoplasms are difficult...
May 2015: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America
Becky L Morrow, Rachel McNatt, Lindsay Joyce, Shelley McBride, Daniel Morgan, Chelsey Tressler, Cara Mellits
OBJECTIVES: Two hundred and thirty-four cats removed from an institutionalized hoarding facility (IHF) demonstrated severe, atypical pyogenic infections. The objective of this study was to document the various syndromes and determine the etiology of the infections. METHODS: All cats were evaluated initially after removal from the IHF and on a daily basis for at least 15 months. Samples were collected and sent for culture/susceptibility and histopathology to commercial laboratories or stored at -20(o)C...
April 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Haruno Yoshida, Yasuhito Ishigaki, Asako Takizawa, Kunihiko Moro, Yuki Kishi, Takashi Takahashi, Hidenori Matsui
Mucoid (MTB313) and nonmucoid (MTB314) strains of group A streptococcus emm type 1 were simultaneously isolated from a single patient suffering from streptococcal meningitis. Whole-genome sequencing revealed that MTB313 carried a nucleotide substitution within rocA, which generated an amber termination codon.
2015: Genome Announcements
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