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Health politics, policy and law

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730874/abortion-politics-in-cambodia-social-history-local-forms-and-transnational-issues
#1
Pascale Hancart Petitet
Cambodia's current abortion rate and ratio could be among the highest in Southeast Asia. In 1997, the Cambodian parliament passed the first law regulating abortions. This law was adopted to contribute to reduce the high maternal mortality ratio, as a significant number of maternal deaths were believed to be related to complications of unsafe abortion. A decade later, the Ministry of Health had not yet established medical protocols for safe abortion access and women often continued to induce their own terminations or seek unsafe services...
July 21, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721965/the-rise-of-global-health-diplomacy-an-interdisciplinary-concept-linking-health-and-international-relations
#2
Vijay Kumar Chattu
Global health diplomacy (GHD) is relatively a very new field that has yet to be clearly defined and developed though there are various definitions given by different experts from foreign policy, global health, diplomacy, international relations, governance, and law. With the intensification of globalization and increasing gaps between countries, new and reemerging health threats such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, influenza, severe acute respiratory syndrome, Ebola, and Zika and a gradual rethinking on security concepts framed a new political context...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663179/cautious-citizenship-the-deterring-effect-of-immigration-issue-salience-on-health-care-use-and-bureaucratic-interactions-among-latino-us-citizens
#3
Franciso I Pedraza, Vanessa Cruz Nichols, Alana M W LeBrón
Research shows that health care use among Latino immigrants is adversely affected by restrictive immigration policy. A core concern is that immigrants shy away from sharing personal information in response to policies that expand bureaucratic monitoring of citizenship status across service-providing organizations. This investigation addresses the concern that immigration politics also negatively influences health care utilization among Latino US citizens. One implication is that health insurance expansions may not reduce health care inequities among Latinos due to concern about exposure to immigration law enforcement authorities...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663177/introduction-the-many-roads-toward-achieving-health-equity
#4
Alan B Cohen, Colleen M Grogan, Jedediah N Horwitt
This special issue of the Journal is devoted to understanding the many roads that lead toward achieving health equity. The eleven articles in the issue portray an America that is struggling with the clash between its historical ideal of pursuing equality for all and its ambivalence toward achieving equity in all social domains, especially health. Organized in five sections, the issue contains articles that examine and analyze: the role of civil rights law and the courts in shaping health equity; the political discourse that has framed our understanding of health equity; health policies that affect health equity, such as the Medicaid program, as well as related strategies that might help to improve equity, such as the use of mobile technologies to empower individuals; immigration policies and practices that impact health equity in marginalized populations; and commentaries in the final section that explore how the Affordable Care Act has addressed health equity, how repeal of the law would jeopardize equity gains, and how the political discourse and culture of the Trump administration could adversely affect health equity...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661238/minding-ps-and-qs-the-political-and-policy-questions-framing-health-care-spending
#5
William M Sage
Tracing the evolution of political conversations about health care spending and their relationship to the formation of policy is a valuable exercise. Health care spending is about science and ethics, markets and government, freedom and community. By the late 1980s the unique upward trajectory of post-Medicare U.S. health care spending had been established, recessions and tax cuts were eroding federal and state budgets, and efforts to harness market forces to serve policy goals were accelerating. From the initial writings on "managed competition," through the failed Clinton health reform effort in the early 1990s, to the passage of the Affordable Care Act in 2010, the policy narrative of health spending acquired a superficial consistency...
December 2016: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660840/does-certificate-of-need-law-enhance-competition-in-inpatient-care-market-an-empirical-analysis
#6
Jomon A Paul, Huan Ni, Aniruddha Bagchi
This article investigates the impact of Certificate of Need (CON) laws on competition in the inpatient care market. One of the major criticisms of these laws is that it may hinder competition in the health care market, which can lead to higher prices. However, from a theoretical standpoint, CON laws could also promote competition by limiting excessive expansion from incumbents. Our main conclusion is that CON laws by and large enhanced competition in the inpatient market during the period of our study. This indicates that the effects of CON laws to hinder predatory behavior could dominate its effects of preventing new entrants into the inpatient care market...
June 29, 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660609/the-changing-economic-structure-of-the-maritime-industry-and-its-adverse-effects-on-seafarers-health-care-rights
#7
Shannon Guillot-Wright
BACKGROUND: This review seeks to understand whether and how seafarers can exercise their human right to health care and the factors that facilitate or impede that exercise. The general focus is on a critical policy analysis of labour policies from the mid-twentieth century through today, with a specific focus on how Filipino seafarers access their health care rights. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methodology includes a critical policy analysis of seafaring, focusing on mid-twentieth century political shifts in the recognition and regulation of health care rights...
2017: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630552/decriminalization-and-women-s-access-to-abortion-in-australia
#8
Barbara Baird
This article considers the relationship between the decriminalization of abortion and women's access to abortion services. It focuses on the four Australian jurisdictions which are, with Canada, the only jurisdictions in the world where abortion has been removed from the criminal law. This paper draws on documentary evidence and an oral history project to give a "before and after" account of each jurisdiction. The paper assumes that the meaning and impact of decriminalization must be assessed in each local context...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630538/abortion-law-and-policy-around-the-world-in-search-of-decriminalization
#9
Marge Berer
The aim of this paper is to provide a panoramic view of laws and policies on abortion around the world, giving a range of country-based examples. It shows that the plethora of convoluted laws and restrictions surrounding abortion do not make any legal or public health sense. What makes abortion safe is simple and irrefutable-when it is available on the woman's request and is universally affordable and accessible. From this perspective, few existing laws are fit for purpose. However, the road to law reform is long and difficult...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625876/mental-health-in-zimbabwe-a-health-systems-analysis
#10
Khameer Kidia, Debra Machando, Walter Mangezi, Reuben Hendler, Megan Crooks, Melanie Abas, Dixon Chibanda, Graham Thornicroft, Maya Semrau, Helen Jack
There has been little external analysis of Zimbabwe's mental health system. We did a systems analysis to identify bottlenecks and opportunities for mental health service improvement in Zimbabwe and to generate cost-effective, policy-relevant solutions. We combined in-depth interviews with a range of key stakeholders in health and mental health, analysis of mental health laws and policies, and publicly available data about mental health. Five themes are key to mental health service delivery in Zimbabwe: policy and law; financing and resources; criminal justice; workforce, training, and research; and beliefs about mental illness...
June 15, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556509/regulating-the-for-profit-private-healthcare-providers-towards-universal-health-coverage-a-qualitative-study-of-legal-and-organizational-framework-in-mongolia
#11
Uranchimeg Tsevelvaanchig, Indermohan S Narula, Hebe Gouda, Peter S Hill
BACKGROUND: Regulating the behavior of private providers in the context of mixed health systems has become increasingly important and challenging in many developing countries moving towards universal health coverage including Mongolia. This study examines the current regulatory architecture for private healthcare in Mongolia exploring its role for improving accessibility, affordability, and quality of private care and identifies gaps in policy design and implementation. METHODS: Qualitative research methods were used including documentary review, analysis, and in-depth interviews with 45 representatives of key actors involved in and affected by regulations in Mongolia's mixed health system, along with long-term participant observation...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483811/expanding-medicaid-expanding-the-electorate-the-affordable-care-act-s-short-term-impact-on-political-participation
#12
Jake Haselswerdt
The Affordable Care Act is a landmark piece of social legislation with the potential to reshape health care in the United States. Its potential to reshape politics is also considerable, but existing scholarship suggests conflicting expectations about the law's policy feedbacks, especially given uneven state-level implementation. In this article I focus on the policy feedbacks of the law's Medicaid expansion on political participation, using district-level elections data for 2012 and 2014 US House races and cross-sectional survey data from 2014...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471239/does-question-wording-predict-support-for-the-affordable-care-act-an-analysis-of-polling-during-the-implementation-period-2010-2016
#13
Kristen Holl, Jeff Niederdeppe, Jonathon P Schuldt
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) continues to be the subject of fierce political debate in the United States. Drawing on issue framing theory, together with research on wording effects in survey responding, we tested how common differences in the wording of ACA surveys relate to apparent public support for the law. We report on a content analysis of N = 376 U.S. national opinion surveys fielded during a more than six-year period, beginning 23 March 2010 (when President Obama signed the bill into law) and ending 8 November 2016 (Election Day), and use ordinary least squares (OLS) regression models to predict public support for the law as a function of variation in question wording...
May 4, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429990/medicaid-waivers-and-negotiated-federalism-in-the-us-is-there-relevance-to-other-federal-systems
#14
Carol S Weissert, William G Weissert
Medicaid waivers have been a principal tool of innovation in health policy in the US since at least the mid 1970s. As Republicans seek to give the states more flexibility in their implementation and management of both Medicaid and the Affordable Care Act or its replacement, waiver authority is likely to be one of the key work arounds for avoiding political barriers in the US Senate. While block-granting Medicaid may require 60 senate votes, waiver authority already exists in both Medicaid law and the Affordable Care Act...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369366/banning-shisha-smoking-in-public-places-in-iran-an-advocacy-coalition-framework-perspective-on-policy-process-and-change
#15
Akram Khayatzadeh-Mahani, Eric Breton, Arne Ruckert, Ronald Labonté
Introduction: Shisha smoking is a widespread custom in Iran with a rapidly growing prevalence especially among the youth. In this article, we analyze the policy process of enforcing a federal/state ban on shisha smoking in all public places in Kerman Province, Iran. Guided by the Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF), we investigate how a shisha smoking ban reached the political agenda in 2011, how it was framed by different policy actors, and why no significant breakthrough took place despite its inclusion on the agenda...
July 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366598/a-practical-framework-for-regulating-for-profit-recreational-marijuana-in-us-states-lessons-from-colorado-and-washington
#16
John T Carnevale, Raanan Kagan, Patrick J Murphy, Josh Esrick
Despite the federal prohibition against marijuana, state-level recreational use appears to be moving forward. Public opinion is shifting. Following well-publicized state-legalization in Washington and Colorado, states across the US have begun considering similar measures. Since the 2016 election, over 21% of Americans now live in places where recreational marijuana is state-legal, and over 63% of the country permits medical or recreational use at the state level. This paper does not consider whether states should legalize marijuana nor does it weigh all regulatory options available to states...
March 30, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339426/evolution-of-us-health-care-reform
#17
REVIEW
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Standiford Helm Ii, Ramsin M Benyamin, Joshua A Hirsch
Major health policy creation or changes, including governmental and private policies affecting health care delivery are based on health care reform(s). Health care reform has been a global issue over the years and the United States has seen proposals for multiple reforms over the years. A successful, health care proposal in the United States with involvement of the federal government was the short-lived establishment of the first system of national medical care in the South. In the 20th century, the United States was influenced by progressivism leading to the initiation of efforts to achieve universal coverage, supported by a Republican presidential candidate, Theodore Roosevelt...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225545/enhancing-political-will-for-universal-health-coverage-in-nigeria
#18
Bolaji S Aregbeshola
Universal health coverage aims to increase equity in access to quality health care services and to reduce financial risk due to health care costs. It is a key component of international health agenda and has been a subject of worldwide debate. Despite differing views on its scope and pathways to reach it, there is a global consensus that all countries should work toward universal health coverage. The goal remains distant for many African countries, including Nigeria. This is mostly due to lack of political will and commitment among political actors and policymakers...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207336/local-television-news-coverage-of-the-affordable-care-act-emphasizing-politics-over-consumer-information
#19
Sarah E Gollust, Laura M Baum, Jeff Niederdeppe, Colleen L Barry, Erika Franklin Fowler
OBJECTIVES: To examine the public health and policy-relevant messages conveyed through local television news during the first stage of Affordable Care Act (ACA) implementation, when about 10 million Americans gained insurance. METHODS: We conducted a content analysis of 1569 ACA-related local evening television news stories, obtained from sampling local news aired between October 1, 2013, and April 19, 2014. Coders systematically collected data using a coding instrument tracking major messages and information sources cited in the news...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162966/over-the-counter-antibiotics-in-saudi-arabia-an-urgent-call-for-policy-makers
#20
Sharafaldeen Bin Nafisah, Salahaldin Bin Nafesa, Aliyah H Alamery, Mazen A Alhumaid, Haitham M AlMuhaidib, Fahad A Al-Eidan
Antibiotics over-consumption is a pandemic that has a tremendous cost on the overwhelmed healthcare system. The accessibility of antibiotics coupled with the misconception of public toward those drugs both of which implicated in the use and misuse of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to investigate the perception of the community toward antibiotics, its purpose and harmfulness, in addition to the accessibility of those drugs as over the counter and without prescriptions. We also investigated the behavior toward antibiotic prescriptions when perceived unnecessary...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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