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Health politics, policy and law

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808446/science-politics-and-the-play-of-chance-in-recent-australian-drinking-law-changes
#1
Kypros Kypri
Regulating late-night alcohol sales to prevent violence continues to be hotly debated in Australia. From July this year, Queensland required premises to stop serving alcohol (last drinks) by 3 am in entertainment precincts and by 2 am in the rest of the state. The Government made legislative provision for 1 am lockouts in entertainment precincts but at the time of writing has not committed to introducing them. Lockouts, also known as one-way-doors, permit patrons to remain drinking in premises until last drinks but deny entry to new patrons...
November 3, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724893/-it-s-all-about-trust-reflections-of-researchers-on-the-complexity-and-controversy-surrounding-biobanking-in-south-africa
#2
Keymanthri Moodley, Shenuka Singh
BACKGROUND: Biobanks are precariously situated at the intersection of science, genetics, genomics, society, ethics, the law and politics. This multi-disciplinarity has given rise to a new discourse in health research involving diverse stakeholders. Each stakeholder is embedded in a unique context and articulates his/her biobanking activities differently. To researchers, biobanks carry enormous transformative potential in terms of advancing scientific discovery and knowledge. However, in the context of power asymmetries in Africa and a distrust in science born out of historical exploitation, researchers must balance the scientific imperative of collecting, storing and sharing high quality biological samples with obligations to donors/participants, communities, international collaborators, regulatory and ethics authorities...
October 10, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691993/emergence-of-drivers-for-the-implementation-of-health-technology-assessment
#3
Hector Eduardo Castro Jaramillo, Ornella Moreno-Mattar, Diana Osorio-Cuevas
BACKGROUND: Health technology assessment (HTA) examines the consequences of the application of health technologies and is aimed at better informing decision-makers. Over the past 30 years, different countries have implemented HTA organizations. Colombia established by law its own HTA agency (IETS) in 2011 which started operations in November 2012. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of conducting and using HTA to inform decision-making in this context. Through a qualitative approach, ten "drivers" emerged with the ability to help or hinder HTA development in this context: availability and quality of data, implementation strategy, cultural aspects, local capacity, financial support, policy/political support, globalization, stakeholder pressure, health system context, and usefulness perception...
January 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672327/development-of-the-parental-needs-scale-for-rare-diseases-a-tool-for-measuring-the-supportive-care-needs-of-parents-caring-for-a-child-with-a-rare-disease
#4
Lemuel J Pelentsov, Andrea L Fielder, Thomas A Laws, Adrian J Esterman
BACKGROUND: Children and families affected by rare diseases have received scant consideration from the medical, scientific, and political communities, with parents' needs especially having received little attention. Affected parents often have limited access to information and support and appropriate health care services. While scales to measure the needs of parents of children with chronic illnesses have been developed, there have been no previous attempts to develop a scale to assess the needs of parents of children with rare diseases...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661557/-mental-health-in-chile-and-finland-challenges-and-lessons
#5
Pedro Retamal C, Niina Markkula, Sebastián Peña
This article analyses and compares the epidemiology of mental disorders and relevant public policies in Chile and Finland. In Chile, a specific mental health law is still lacking. While both countries highlight the role of primary care, Finland places more emphasis on participation and recovery of service users. Comprehensive mental health policies from Finland, such as a successful suicide prevention program, are presented. Both countries have similar prevalence of mental disorders, high alcohol consumption and high suicide rates...
July 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627631/holistic-review-in-medical-school-admissions-and-selection-a-strategic-mission-driven-response-to-shifting-societal-needs
#6
Sarah S Conrad, Amy N Addams, Geoffrey H Young
Medical schools and residency programs have always sought excellence in the areas of education, research, and clinical care. However, these pursuits are not accomplished within a vacuum-rather, they are continually and necessarily influenced by social, cultural, political, legal, and economic forces. Persistent demographic inequalities coupled with rapidly evolving biomedical research and a complex legal landscape heighten our collective awareness and emphasize the continued need to consider medicine's social contract when selecting, educating, and developing physicians and physician-scientists...
September 13, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610906/improving-health-through-political-activism
#7
Donald Johnston, Kandace Landreneau
Nurse leaders have a moral and professional obligation to be aware of and influence policy to promote health at local to national levels. As nurse leaders and concerned local residents, the authors engaged in changing the influence of a sexually-oriented business that was impacting the psychosocial health of local citizenry, especially children. Learning city ordinances and state and federal laws was a precursor to change. Professionalism in action can successfully engage community leaders, create change, and support community health...
October 2016: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605659/indonesia-s-road-to-universal-health-coverage-a-political-journey
#8
Elizabeth Pisani, Maarten Olivier Kok, Kharisma Nugroho
In 2013 Indonesia, the world's fourth most populous country, declared that it would provide affordable health care for all its citizens within seven years. This crystallised an ambition first enshrined in law over five decades earlier, but never previously realised. This paper explores Indonesia's journey towards universal health coverage (UHC) from independence to the launch of a comprehensive health insurance scheme in January 2014. We find that Indonesia's path has been determined largely by domestic political concerns - different groups obtained access to healthcare as their socio-political importance grew...
September 6, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533363/how-to-engage-across-sectors-lessons-from-agriculture-and-nutrition-in-the-brazilian-school-feeding-program
#9
Corinna Hawkes, Bettina Gerken Brazil, Inês Rugani Ribeiro de Castro, Patricia Constante Jaime
OBJECTIVE: To provide insights for nutrition and public health practitioners on how to engage with other sectors to achieve public health goals. Specifically, this study provides lessons from the example of integrating family farming and a nutrition into a legal framework in Brazil on how to successfully shift other sectors toward nutrition goals. METHODS: The study analyzed policy processes that led to a Brazilian law linking family farming with the National School Feeding Program...
August 11, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531944/the-struggle-for-the-soul-of-public-health
#10
Lindsay Wiley
Prevention has become a central focus for health care payers, providers, policy makers, and the general public. Given the centrality of prevention to public health science, practice, and law, it would seem that conditions are ripe for the public health law renaissance to expand beyond legal and scientific circles to permeate the general consciousness. Yet, public health law and policy interventions continue to face considerable political and legal opposition. The population perspective-which emphasizes the social determinants of health, collective action to create healthier communities, and communitarian rationales for prioritizing health-is as important to public health problem-solving as the prevention orientation...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531942/the-promise-and-pitfalls-of-public-health-policy-surveillance
#11
James G Hodge
Though public health policy surveillance is an integral tool in correlating the law to scientifically based public health law studies, drawing accurate legal conclusions from collected data can be challenging. Data may be of poor quality, inaccessible to law and policy makers, or inapplicable to other jurisdictions over time and place. As Burris et al. (2016) advocate, modern, sophisticated, and interactive data collection systems would render more precise legal analysis tied to public health improvements. Although policy surveillance is promising, public health officials, health care providers, attorneys, and researchers must be skilled and prepared to successfully navigate and resolve potential pitfalls for its benefits to be fully realized...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456664/a-right-to-health-care-participatory-politics-progressive-policy-and-the-price-of-loose-language
#12
David A Reidy
This article begins by clarifying and noting various limitations on the universal reach of the human right to health care under positive international law. It then argues that irrespective of the human right to health care established by positive international law, any system of positive international law capable of generating legal duties with prima facie moral force necessarily presupposes a universal moral human right to health care. But the language used in contemporary human rights documents or human rights advocacy is not a good guide to the content of this rather more modest universal moral human right to health care...
August 2016: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358547/pharmaceutical-regulatory-framework-in-ethiopia-a-critical-evaluation-of-its-legal-basis-and-implementation
#13
Sultan Suleman, Abdulkadir Woliyi, Kifle Woldemichael, Kora Tushune, Luc Duchateau, Agnes Degroote, Roy Vancauwenberghe, Nathalie Bracke, Bart De Spiegeleer
BACKGROUND: Effective and enforceable national regulations describing the manufacture and (re)packaging, export and import, distribution and storage, supply and sale, information and pharmaco-vigilance of medicines are required to consistently ensure optimal patient benefit. Expansion of pharmaceutical industries in many countries with advancement in transport technologies facilitated not only trade of genuine pharmaceutical products but also the circulation of poor quality medicines across the globe...
May 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339577/legislative-gaps-in-implementation-of-health-related-millennium-development-goals-a-case-study-from-pakistan
#14
Rabia Manzoor, Shehryar Khan Toru, Vaqar Ahmed
Numerous health legislations concerning child mortality, maternal health and life-threatening diseases such as polio and tuberculosis are crafted in the health sector of Pakistan. A critical assessment of health legislations points to their in-effective or sub-optimal implementation. By engaging with the concept of public law, there is a strong relationship of public health and health legislations. While the basic purpose of health legislations is to craft and enforce essential health legislations for improving public health, an examination of health legislations across Pakistan indicate an extensive health engagement which is facing certain challenges indicating traditional health practices, enforcement constraints arising due to political compulsions and complexities, and systematic problems in the health sector, reflecting issue of governance...
June 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311827/public-health-interventions-to-protect-against-falsified-medicines-a-systematic-review-of-international-national-and-local-policies
#15
William L Hamilton, Cormac Doyle, Mycroft Halliwell-Ewen, Gabriel Lambert
BACKGROUND: Falsified medicines are deliberately fraudulent drugs that pose a direct risk to patient health and undermine healthcare systems, causing global morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To produce an overview of anti-falsifying public health interventions deployed at international, national and local scales in low and middle income countries (LMIC). DATA SOURCES: We conducted a systematic search of the PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases for healthcare or pharmaceutical policies relevant to reducing the burden of falsified medicines in LMIC...
June 16, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267659/-not-just-eliminating-the-mosquito-but-draining-the-swamp-a-critical-geopolitics-of-turkish-monitoring-center-for-drugs-and-drug-addiction-and-turkey-s-approach-to-illicit-drugs
#16
Kyle T Evered, Emine Ö Evered
In the 1970s, Turkey ceased to be a significant producer state of illicit drugs, but it continued to serve as a key route for the trade of drugs between East and West. Over the past decade, however, authorities identified two concerns beyond its continued transit state status. These reported problems entail both new modes of production and a rising incidence of drug abuse within the nation-state - particularly among its youth. Amid these developments, new law enforcement institutions emerged and acquired European sponsorship, leading to the establishment of TUBİM (the Turkish Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction)...
July 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129850/cross-sector-cooperation-in-health-enhancing-physical-activity-policymaking-more-potential-than-achievements
#17
Riitta-Maija Hämäläinen, Arja R Aro, Cathrine Juel Lau, Diana Rus, Liliana Cori, Ahmed M Syed
BACKGROUND: The cooperation of actors across policy fields and the need for cross-sector cooperation as well as recommendations on how to implement cross-sector cooperation have been addressed in many national and international policies that seek to solve complex issues within societies. For such a purpose, the relevant governance structure between policy sectors is cross-sector cooperation. Therefore, cross-sector cooperation and its structures need to be better understood for improved implementation...
2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127250/david-mechanic-professional-zombie-hunter
#18
Frederic W Hafferty, Jon Tilburt
Within the fields of medicine and sociology, the descriptor "profession" (along with its brethren: profession, professionalization, and professionalism) has had a rich etymological history, with terms taking on different meanings at different times-sometimes trespassing into shibboleth and jargon. This etymological journey has co-evolved with the career of David Mechanic to whom this issue of the Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law is devoted. We exploit a provocative metaphor applied to Mechanic's work on the challenges facing medicine as a profession as a playful exegesis on what we call "profession" to excavate an ensconced and encrusted domain of health jargon operating at the tensive interface of society and modern medical work...
August 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27087176/tobacco-control-policies-in-vietnam-review-on-mpower-implementation-progress-and-challenges
#19
Hoang Van Minh, Tran Thu Ngan, Vu Quynh Mai, Nguyen Thi Tuyet My, Le Hong Chung, Vu Duy Kien, Tran Tuan Anh, Nguyen Bao Ngoc, Vu Van Giap, Nguyen Manh Cuong, Pham Duc Manh, Kim Bao Giang
In Vietnam, the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) took effect in March 2005 while MPOWER has been implemented since 2008. This paper describes the progress and challenges of implementation of the MPOWER package in Vietnam. We can report that, in term of monitoring, Vietnam is very active in the Global Tobacco Surveillance System, completing two rounds of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) and three rounds of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). To protect people from tobacco smoke, Vietnam has issued and enforced a law requiring comprehensive smoking bans at workplaces and public places since 2013...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034324/human-trafficking-in-ethiopia-a-scoping-review-to-identify-gaps-in-service-delivery-research-and-policy
#20
Dana C Beck, Kristen R Choi, Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Jody R Lori
The purpose of this review is to integrate evidence on human trafficking in Ethiopia and identify gaps and recommendations for service delivery, research and training, and policy. A scoping literature review approach was used to systematically search nursing, medical, psychological, law, and international databases and synthesize information on a complex, understudied topic. The search yielded 826 articles, and 39 met the predetermined criteria for inclusion in the review. Trafficking in Ethiopia has occurred internally and externally in the form of adult and child labor and sex trafficking...
March 31, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
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