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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634803/a-method-for-reducing-environmental-pollution-by-using-essential-oils-in-rodent-pest-management-program
#1
Goran Jokić, Tanja Blažić, Rada Đurović-Pejčev, Tijana Đorđević, Suzana Đedović, Marina Vukša
Strong-smelling plant extracts, such as essential oils, have a variety of feeding effects on mammals. Considering current concerns over long-term health issues and environmental effects of chemicals, plant-based products with repellent or antifungal activities may represent good solutions for improvement of rodent pest control programs. The present study was therefore focused on examining the effects of bergamot, lavender, and thyme essential oils as additional bait components on daily intakes of cereal-based baits by wild house mice...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633690/early-solid-additional-feeding-of-suckling-rabbits-from-3-to-15-days-of-age
#2
L Kacsala, Zs Szendrő, Zs Gerencsér, I Radnai, M Kovács, R Kasza, I Nagy, M Odermatt, T Atkári, Zs Matics
Studies have shown that nutrient requirement of suckling kits is not satisfied, but they can be fed a double quantity of milk (double nursing) resulting in improved BW and weight gain. The aim of our trials was to give additional solid feed during the early suckling period (3 to 15 days of age) when rabbit kits drink exclusively milk. Two experiments were conducted with animals from Pannon Rabbit Breeding Program. In experiment 1 (n=77 does, 734 kits) the does received commercial feed (C) or C pellet supplemented with 0...
June 21, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627304/the-effects-of-selected-phytochemicals-on-biofilm-formed-by-five-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#3
Barbara Kot, Kamila Wierzchowska, Agata Grużewska, Dzmitry Lohinau
The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of 0.1% thyme oil (TO), trans-cinnamaldehyde (TC), ferulic acid (FA), p-coumaric acid (p-CA), caffeic acid (CA), lavender essential oil (LO), geranium essential oil (GO) and tee tree oil (TTO) to control biofilms formed by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains. Depending on the strains, TO reduced 59.7-85% of biofilm mass, while TC 52.9-82.4% after 48 h of treatment. Reduction of metabolic activity of biofilms in ranges 79.3-86% and 85...
June 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621716/antibacterial-and-antifungal-activities-of-spices
#4
REVIEW
Qing Liu, Xiao Meng, Ya Li, Cai-Ning Zhao, Guo-Yi Tang, Hua-Bin Li
Infectious diseases caused by pathogens and food poisoning caused by spoilage microorganisms are threatening human health all over the world. The efficacies of some antimicrobial agents, which are currently used to extend shelf-life and increase the safety of food products in food industry and to inhibit disease-causing microorganisms in medicine, have been weakened by microbial resistance. Therefore, new antimicrobial agents that could overcome this resistance need to be discovered. Many spices-such as clove, oregano, thyme, cinnamon, and cumin-possessed significant antibacterial and antifungal activities against food spoilage bacteria like Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas fluorescens, pathogens like Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus, harmful fungi like Aspergillus flavus, even antibiotic resistant microorganisms such as methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609920/-i-prionotropis-i-i-ancosae-i-a-new-species-of-thrinchinae-orthoptera-pamphagidae-from-the-northeast-of-the-iberian-peninsula
#5
Josep Maria Olmo-Vidal
A new species of the genus Prionotropis Fieber, 1853 is described from Catalonia (Northeast of the Iberian Peninsula). Prionotropis ancosae n. sp. was collected in a calcicolous stepic scrub dominated mainly by thyme (Thymus vulgaris). P. ancosae n. sp. is characterized by the following characters: the pronotum in dorsal view narrow and in lateral view with the principal transverse sulcus between prozona and metazona clearly incised; mesosternal lobes equal width than long and width than mesosternal interspace; tegmina extend at most to the end of second abdominal segment in the females and the end of abdomen in the males; inside hind femora at the base to the middle part and inside hind tibiae blue; and phallic complex with the penis valves long...
April 28, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595460/sub-inhibitory-stress-with-essential-oil-affects-enterotoxins-production-and-essential-oil-susceptibility-in-staphylococcus-aureus
#6
Barbara Turchi, Simone Mancini, Luisa Pistelli, Basma Najar, Domenico Cerri, Filippo Fratini
Fourteen wild strains of Staphylococcus aureus positive for gene sea were tested for enterotoxins production and the minimum inhibitory concentration of Leptospermum scoparium, Origanum majorana, Origanum vulgare, Satureja montana and Thymus vulgaris essential oils (EOs) were determined. After this trial, bacteria stressed with sub-inhibitory concentration of each EO were tested for enterotoxins production by an immunoenzymatic assay and resistance to the same EO. Oregano oil exhibited the highest antibacterial activity followed by manuka and thyme oils...
June 8, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587199/impact-of-sweet-potato-starch-based-nanocomposite-films-activated-with-thyme-essential-oil-on-the-shelf-life-of-baby-spinach-leaves
#7
Aseel Issa, Salam A Ibrahim, Reza Tahergorabi
Salmonella Typhimurium (S. Typhi) and Escherichia coli (E. coli) have been responsible for an increasing number of outbreaks linked to fresh produce, such as baby spinach leaves, in the last two decades. More recently, antimicrobial biodegradable packaging systems have been attracting much attention in the food packaging industry as eco-friendly alternatives to conventional plastic packaging. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of antibacterial nanocomposite films on inoculated spinach leaves and on the sensory properties of these leaves during eight days of refrigerated storage...
June 3, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559736/properties-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-anchovy-engraulis-encrasicholus-by-product-protein-films-containing-thyme-essential-oil
#8
Serpil Tural, Sadettin Turhan
In this study, some properties and antioxidant capacity of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicholus) by-product protein films with added 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% of thyme essential oil were investigated. The films with thyme essential oil had higher elongation at break, water vapour permeability and oxygen permeability, lower solubility and tensile strength than control film (p<0.05). The incorporation of thyme essential oil affected transparency values of the films, but only the addition of 1.5% of thyme essential oil significantly reduced the transparency (p<0...
March 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544610/phenol-enriched-olive-oils-modify-paraoxonase-related-variables-a-randomized-crossover-controlled-trial
#9
Sara Fernández-Castillejo, Ana-Isabel García-Heredia, Rosa Solà, Jordi Camps, Maria-Carmen López de la Hazas, Marta Farràs, Anna Pedret, Úrsula Catalan, Laura Rubió, Maria-José Motilva, Olga Castañer, María-Isabel Covas, Rosa-Maria Valls
SCOPE: Low paraoxonase (PON)1 activities, and high PON1 and low PON3 protein levels are characteristic of cardiovascular disease. Our aim was to assess short and long-term effects of virgin olive oils (VOO), enriched with their own phenolic compounds (PC; FVOO) or with them plus complementary PC from thyme (FVOOT), on PON-related variables and the mechanisms involved. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two randomized, controlled, double-blind, and crossover interventions were conducted...
May 25, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540272/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-local-application-of-thyme-honey-in-open-cutaneous-wound-healing
#10
Nasrin Takzaree, Gholamreza Hassanzadeh, Mohammad Reza Rouini, Azadeh Manayi, Abbas Hadjiakhondi, Masoumeh Majidi Zolbin
BACKGROUND: Clinicians have been searching for ways to obtain "super normal" wound healing. Honey is a traditional remedy for the treatment of infected wounds. We aimed to evaluate the wound contraction and antibacterial properties of locally produced Thyme honey on managing full-thickness wounds in vivo. METHODS: This experimental study was conducted in 2015, in Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran on 54 adult male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 gr, and ages of 3-4 months...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534439/hypolipidemic-and-hepatoprotective-activities-of-rosemary-and-thyme-in-gentamicin-treated-rats
#11
A M Hegazy, A S Abdel-Azeem, H M Zeidan, K S Ibrahim, Em El Sayed
Rosemary ( Rosmarinus officinalis; RM) and thyme ( Thymus vulgaris; TV) are used as remedies. We designed this work to investigate the preventive effect of aqueous extracts of RM or TV on the gentamicin (GM)-induced hepatotoxicity and abnormalities of lipid profile in rats. Both plant extracts exhibited an in vitro antioxidant activity as determined by the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl assay. Radical scavenging activity for TV extract was 48.7% and for RM extract was 25.6%. Polyphenolic determination by high-performance liquid chromatography for both extracts revealed that catechin, coumarin, cinnamic acid and rutin were detected in both extracts...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534268/impact-of-thyme-powder-thymus-vulgaris-l-supplementation-on-gene-expression-profiles-of-cytokines-and-economic-efficiency-of-broiler-diets
#12
Fardos A M Hassan, Ashraf Awad
This study was conducted in an attempt to evaluate the impact of thyme powder supplementation on broiler diets with respect to cytokine and mucin2 gene expressions. It was also our aim to evaluate the growth performance, blood biochemical and hematological profiles, and economic efficiency of the diet. A total of 120 1-day old chicks (Cobb 500) were divided into four groups on the basis of the diet. One group received a basal diet (control) while the others received a basal diet supplemented with 2, 5, or 8 g/kg of thyme powder...
May 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528094/encapsulated-thyme-thymus-vulgaris-essential-oil-used-as-a-natural-preservative-in-bakery-product
#13
Nathalia Dias Gonçalves, Fabíola de Lima Pena, Adilson Sartoratto, Camila Derlamelina, Marta Cristina Teixeira Duarte, Adriane Elisabete Costa Antunes, Ana Silvia Prata
The objective of this work was to design a particle using thyme (Thymus vulgaris) essential oil through complex coacervation. In vitro activity against bacteria and molds of free oil as well as the encapsulated oil was verified and then in situ assay was done. The free thyme oil presented high in vitro activity, with values below 0.50mg/mL for almost all the microorganisms tested. Also, MIC values for the encapsulated oil was lower than for the free oil, probably due to the protective micro-environment promoted by the particle wall...
June 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526346/release-study-and-inhibitory-activity-of-thyme-essential-oil-loaded-chitosan-nanoparticles-and-nanocapsules-against-foodborne-bacteria
#14
M Sotelo-Boyás, Z Correa-Pacheco, S Bautista-Baños, Y Gómez Y Gómez
The antibacterial property of thyme essential oil due to different volatile compounds, has been well documented in the literature. To overcome the high volatility of essential oil components, encapsulation has emerged as a new alternative. In this work, chitosan and thyme essential oil-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (TEO-CSNPs) and nanocapsules (TEO-CSNCs) were prepared by nanoprecipitation and nanoencapsulation, respectively. The morphology, encapsulation efficiency, release kinetics, and inhibitory activity were evaluated...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516140/comprehensive-list-of-metabolites-measured-by-di-fticr-mass-spectrometry-in-thyme-plants-with-contrasting-tolerance-to-drought
#15
Parviz Moradi, Brian Ford-Lloyd, Jeremy Pritchard
This article contains data related to the main research entitled "Metabolomic approach reveals the biochemical mechanisms underlying drought stress tolerance in Thyme" (Moradi et al., 2017) [1]. Two thyme populations with contrasting drought tolerance were subjected to long term water deficit. Leaf samples harvested at the end of stress period and bi-phasic extraction carried out to get polar and non-polar fractions. Extracted samples were analyzed through Direct Infusion FT-ICR mass spectrometry. Date files comprise of four separate tables for all the putatively identified metabolites and their intensities in watered and droughted plants...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454927/antifungal-activity-of-essential-oils-extract-from-origanum%C3%A2-floribundum-munby-rosmarinus%C3%A2-officinalis-l-and-thymus%C3%A2-ciliatus-desf-against-candida%C3%A2-albicans-isolated-from-bovine-clinical-mastitis
#16
S Ksouri, S Djebir, A A Bentorki, A Gouri, Y Hadef, A Benakhla
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to limit the antibiotic use in mastitis treatment and to find other alternatives. The antifungal activity of the essential oils from Origanum floribundum Munby., Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Thymus ciliatus Desf. is studied in the present work against a Candida albicans reference strain and ten C. albicans isolated strains from bovine clinical mastitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Essential oils were extracted by hydrodistillation technique using Clevenger apparatus...
April 25, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443364/green-synthesis-of-nano-zero-valent-iron-from-nettle-and-thyme-leaf-extracts-and-their-application-for-the-removal-of-cephalexin-antibiotic-from-aqueous-solutions
#17
Mostafa Leili, Mehdi Fazlzadeh, Amit Bhatnagar
In this study, the removal of cephalexin (CEX) antibiotic from aqueous solution was examined using a novel green adsorbent without employing any toxic chemicals or capping agents. Nettle and Thyme extracts were used to synthesize novel nano-zero-valent iron (NNZVI and TNZVI) for the adsorption of CEX. The nature and morphology of synthesized adsorbent were characterized by Transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectroscopy...
May 12, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439212/effect-of-thyme-extract-supplementation-on-lipid-peroxidation-antioxidant-capacity-pgc-1%C3%AE-content-and-endurance-exercise-performance-in-rats
#18
Mostafa Khani, Pezhman Motamedi, Mohammad Reza Dehkhoda, Saeed Dabagh Nikukheslat, Pouran Karimi
BACKGROUND: Athletes have a large extent of oxidant agent production. In the current study, we aimed to determine the influence of thyme extract on the endurance exercise performance, mitochondrial biogenesis, and antioxidant status in rats. METHODS: Twenty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups receiving either normal drinking water (non-supplemented group, n = 10) or thyme extract, 400 mg/kg, (supplemented group, n = 10). Rats in both groups were subjected to endurance treadmill training (27 m/min, 10% grade, 60 min, and 5 days/week for 8 weeks)...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438706/towards-generalizable-entity-centric-clinical-coreference-resolution
#19
Timothy Miller, Dmitriy Dligach, Steven Bethard, Chen Lin, Guergana Savova
OBJECTIVE: This work investigates the problem of clinical coreference resolution in a model that explicitly tracks entities, and aims to measure the performance of that model in both traditional in-domain train/test splits and cross-domain experiments that measure the generalizability of learned models. METHODS: The two methods we compare are a baseline mention-pair coreference system that operates over pairs of mentions with best-first conflict resolution and a mention-synchronous system that incrementally builds coreference chains...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403565/inhibitory-effect-of-thymus-vulgaris-and-origanum-vulgare-essential-oils-on-virulence-factors-of-phytopathogenic-pseudomonas-syringae-strains
#20
M E Carezzano, J P Sotelo, E Primo, E B Reinoso, M F Paletti Rovey, M S Demo, W F Giordano, M de Las M Oliva
Pseudomonas syringae is a phytopathogenic bacterium that causes lesions in leaves during the colonisation process. The damage is associated with production of many virulence factors, such as biofilm and phytotoxins. The essential oils of Thymus vulgaris (thyme) and Origanum vulgare (oregano) have been demonstrated to inhibit P. syringae. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of T. vulgaris and O. vulgare essential oils on production of virulence factors of phytopathogenic P. syringae strains, including anti-biofilm and anti-toxins activities...
April 12, 2017: Plant Biology
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