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Aquaporin 9

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322789/rna-interference-mediated-silencing-of-aquaporin-aqp-5-hinders-angiogenesis-of-colorectal-tumor-by-suppressing-the-production-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor
#1
W Wang, Q Li, T Yang, D Li, F Ding, H Sun, G Bai
Aquaporin (AQP)-5 is an essential member of AQP family involved in the tumorigenesis of various malignant tumors. However, its role in the angiogenesis of colorectal cancer is unclear and requires further investigation. In this study, a pRNA-H1.1 vector containing the short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting AQP5 mRNA was constructed to inhibit the endogenous expression of AQP5 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We found that the AQP5-silenced HUVECs acquired decreased proliferation, migration and tube formation ability...
2018: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303600/aquaporin-expression-in-the-fetal-porcine-urinary-tract-changes-during-gestation
#2
L K Jakobsen, K Trelborg, P S Kingo, S Hoyer, K-E Andersson, J C Djurhuus, R Norregaard, L H Olsen
The expression of aquaporins (AQPs) in the fetal porcine urinary tract and its relation to gestational age has not been established. Tissue samples from the renal pelvis, ureter, bladder and urethra were obtained from porcine fetuses. Samples were examined by RT-PCR (AQPs 1-11), QPCR (AQPs positive on RT-PCR), and immunohistochemistry. Bladder samples were additionally examined by Western blotting. RNA was extracted from 76 tissue samples obtained from 19 fetuses. Gestational age was 60 (n=11) or 100 days (n=8)...
January 5, 2018: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297041/association-of-visual-impairment-in-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-with-visual-network-reorganization
#3
Carsten Finke, Hanna Zimmermann, Florence Pache, Frederike C Oertel, Velina Sevdalinova Chavarro, Yelyzaveta Kramarenko, Judith Bellmann-Strobl, Klemens Ruprecht, Alexander U Brandt, Friedemann Paul
Importance: Severe visual impairment is one of the major symptoms in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), but functional network reorganization induced by the diminished sensory input has not been investigated thus far. Objective: To examine adaptive visual network connectivity changes in NMOSD. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional study, data were collected from May 1, 2013, through February 31, 2016, from 31 patients with aquaporin-4 antibody-positive NMOSD and 31 age- and sex-matched healthy control individuals at the Department of Neurology and NeuroCure Clinical Research Center at Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany...
January 2, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262394/dachengqi-decoction-attenuates-intestinal-vascular-endothelial-injury-in-severe-acute-pancreatitis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#4
Li-Yun Pan, Ya-Feng Chen, Hong-Chang Li, Li-Ming Bi, Wen-Jie Sun, Gui-Fang Sun, Xiao-Fen Zhang, Ke Xu, Dian-Xu Feng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Dachengqi decoction (DCQD) is a well-known traditional Chinese herbal drug with strong anti-inflammatory effects. Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) plays a vital role in maintaining the stability and integrity of the vascular wall and prevents vascular leakage due to inflammatory mediators. Our previous work found that DCQD protects against pancreatic injury in rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). This study aims to investigate the effects of DCQD on intestinal endothelial damage in both damaged human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and SAP rats...
December 18, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233909/oral-contraceptives-and-renal-water-handling-a-diurnal-study-in-young-women
#5
Charlotte Graugaard-Jensen, Gitte M Hvistendahl, Jørgen Frøkiær, Peter Bie, Jens Christian Djurhuus
To test the hypothesis that use of oral contraceptives (OC) changes diurnal variation in fluid balance mechanisms including blood pressure, secretion of vasopressin and oxytocin, and renal water and electrolyte excretion. Fifteen naturally cycling (NC) women in mid-follicular phase and 11 long-term OC users were included in a 24-h standardized inpatient study for measurements of vasopressin, oxytocin, sodium, and osmolality in plasma as well as urinary excretion of electrolytes, aquaporin-2, and prostaglandin E2...
December 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231479/-effects-of-electroacupuncture-preconditioning-on-expression-of-aquaporin-1-and-activity-of-protein-kinase-c-in-myocardium-of-rats-with-acute-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#6
Ronglin Cai, Ling Hu, Guoming Shen, Qing Yu, Jie Wang, Zijian Wu, Meng Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the partial action mechanism and the myocardial protective effect differences between electroacupuncture (EA) preconditioning at "Neiguan"(PC 6) and "Taiyuan"(LU 9) in rats with acute myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: Ninety-six Wistar rats were randomly assigned into a sham-operation group, a model group, a Neiguan group and a Taiyuan group, 24 rats in each one. The rats in the Neiguan group and Taiyuan group were treated with EA (2 Hz in frequency, 1 mA in intensity) at "Neiguan" (PC 6) and "Taiyuan" (LU 9) respectively, 20 min per treatment, once a day for consecutive 7 days...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203835/purification-and-functional-comparison-of-nine-human-aquaporins-produced-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-for-the-purpose-of-biophysical-characterization
#7
Frederik Bühring Bjørkskov, Simon Lyngaa Krabbe, Casper Normann Nurup, Julie Winkel Missel, Mariana Spulber, Julie Bomholt, Karen Molbaek, Claus Helix-Nielsen, Kamil Gotfryd, Pontus Gourdon, Per Amstrup Pedersen
The sparse number of high-resolution human membrane protein structures severely restricts our comprehension of molecular physiology and ability to exploit rational drug design. In the search for a standardized, cheap and easily handled human membrane protein production platform, we thoroughly investigated the capacity of S. cerevisiae to deliver high yields of prime quality human AQPs, focusing on poorly characterized members including some previously shown to be difficult to isolate. Exploiting GFP labeled forms we comprehensively optimized production and purification procedures resulting in satisfactory yields of all nine AQP targets...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198136/hyperhomocysteinemia-induced-gene-expression-changes-in-the-cell-types-of-the-brain
#8
Erica M Weekman, Abigail E Woolums, Tiffany L Sudduth, Donna M Wilcock
High plasma levels of homocysteine, termed hyperhomocysteinemia, are a risk factor for vascular cognitive impairment and dementia, which is the second leading cause of dementia. While hyperhomocysteinemia induces microhemorrhages and cognitive decline in mice, the specific effect of hyperhomocysteinemia on each cell type remains unknown. We took separate cultures of astrocytes, microglia, endothelial cells, and neuronal cells and treated each with moderate levels of homocysteine for 24, 48, 72, and 96 hr...
November 2017: ASN Neuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196765/aquaporin-0-modulates-lens-gap-junctions-in-the-presence-of-lens-specific-beaded-filament-proteins
#9
Sindhu Kumari, Junyuan Gao, Richard T Mathias, Xiurong Sun, Amizhdini Eswaramoorthy, Nicholas Browne, Nigel Zhang, Kulandaiappan Varadaraj
Purpose: The objective of this study was to understand the molecular and physiologic mechanisms behind the lens cataract differences in Aquaporin 0-knockout-Heterozygous (AQP0-Htz) mice developed in C57 and FVB (lacks beaded filaments [BFs]) strains. Methods: Lens transparency was studied using dark field light microscopy. Water permeability (Pf) was measured in fiber cell membrane vesicles. Western blotting/immunostaining was performed to verify expression of BF proteins and connexins...
December 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156226/frequency-of-brain-mri-abnormalities-in-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-at-presentation-a-cohort-of-latin-american-patients
#10
Edgar Carnero Contentti, Vanessa Daccach Marques, Ibis Soto de Castillo, Veronica Tkachuk, Amilton Antunes Barreira, Elizabeth Armas, Edson Chiganer, Camila de Aquino Cruz, José Luis Di Pace, Javier Pablo Hryb, Carolina Lavigne Moreira, Carmen Lessa, Omaira Molina, Monica Perassolo, Arnoldo Soto, Alejandro Caride
BACKGROUND: Brain magnetic resonance imaging (BMRI) lesions were classically not reported in neuromyelitis optica (NMO). However, BMRI lesions are not uncommon in NMO spectrum disorder (NMOSD) patients. OBJECTIVE: To report BMRI characteristic abnormalities (location and configuration) in NMOSD patients at presentation. METHODS: Medical records and BMRI characteristics of 79 patients with NMOSD (during the first documented attack) in Argentina, Brazil and Venezuela were reviewed retrospectively...
November 8, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119327/pattern-of-protein-expression-in-the-epididymis-of-oligoryzomys-nigripes-cricetidae-sigmodontinae
#11
Tatiana Prata Menezes, Eric Hill, Arlindo de Alencar Moura, Marina D P Lobo, Ana Cristina O Monteiro-Moreira, Sylvie Breton, Mariana Machado-Neves
In the epididymis, epithelial cells work in a concerted manner to create a luminal environment for sperm maturation, transport, and storage. However, the cell functions may be affected by anthropogenic factors, causing negative impacts on male fertility. In our study, we describe the pattern of protein expression in the epithelium and luminal fluid from epididymis of Oligoryzomys nigripes, a South American sigmodontine rodent whose reproductive biology has been little studied. Nine animals were captured from a preserved area of Atlantic Forest, where the exposure to anthropogenic influences is minimal...
November 8, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111656/charge-gated-ion-transport-through-polyelectrolyte-intercalated-amine-reduced-graphene-oxide-membranes
#12
Xiaoxiao Song, Rahul S Zambare, Saren Qi, Bhuvana Nil Sowrirajalu, Antony Prince James Selvaraj, Chuyang Y Tang, Congjie Gao
Charge-gated channels are nature's solutions for transport of water molecules and ions through aquaporins in biological membranes while excluding undesired substances. The same mechanism has good potentials to be adopted in pressure or electrically driven membrane separation processes. Herein, we report highly charged nanochannels created in polyelectrolyte (PE) intercalated amine reduced graphene oxide membrane (PE@ArGO membrane). The PE@ArGO membrane, with a rejection layer of ∼160 nm in thickness, features a laminate structure and a smooth top surface of a low roughness (typically ∼17...
November 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107247/agroinfiltration-based-expression-of-hairpin-rna-in-soybean-plants-for-rna-interference-against-tetranychus-urticae
#13
Vimal Kumar Dubey, Ung Gyu Lee, Deok Ho Kwon, Si Hyeock Lee
The coatomer subunit alpha (COPA) and aquaporin 9 (AQ9) genes from the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, were previously determined to exhibit RNA interference (RNAi)-based lethality when their double-stranded RNAs were systemically delivered via multi-unit chambers (Kwon et al., 2016 [8]). In current study, the hairpin RNAs of the COPA and AQ9 were transiently expressed in soybean plants by agroinfiltration. When T. urticae was fed with the soybean plants agroinfiltrated with the COPA and AQ9 hairpin RNA cassettes, the cumulative mortality increased significantly at 6days post-infestation...
October 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106595/prognostic-implication-of-aquaporin-1-overexpression-in-resected-lung-adenocarcinoma
#14
Guido Bellezza, Jacopo Vannucci, Fortunato Bianconi, Giulio Metro, Rachele Del Sordo, Marco Andolfi, Ivana Ferri, Paola Siccu, Vienna Ludovini, Francesco Puma, Angelo Sidoni, Lucio Cagini
OBJECTIVES: Aquaporins (AQPs) are a group of transmembrane water-selective channel proteins thought to play a role in the regulation of water permeability for plasma membranes. Indeed, high AQP levels have been suggested to promote the progression, invasion and metastasis of tumours. Specifically, AQP1 and AQP5 overexpression in lung adenocarcinoma (AC) have been suggested to be involved in molecular mechanisms in lung cancer. The aim of this retrospective cohort single-centre study was to assess both the levels of expression and therein the prognostic significance, regarding outcome of AQP1 and AQP5 in resected AC patients...
July 4, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093286/protection-of-tong-qiao-huo-xue-decoction-against-cerebral-ischemic-injury-through-reduction-blood-brain-barrier-permeability
#15
Lili Li, Ning Wang, Qizhong Jin, Qian Wu, Yafang Liu, Yan Wang
Tong-Qiao-Huo-Xue Decoction (TQHXD) is a classical prescription in traditional Chinese medicine treating blood stagnation in the head and facial channels, especially cerebral ischemia. We investigate the effect of TQHXD on the expressions of related proteins of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and analysis of constituents in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) on cerebral ischemic model rats. Here, we demonstrate that TQHXD protected the hippocampus neurons, reduced the opening of tight junction (TJ) and decreased the permeability of BBB by up-regulating ZO-1, occludin, claudin-5 expressions, down-regulating aquaporin-4 (AQP-4) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expressions...
2017: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080917/immunohistochemical-analysis-on-aquaporin-1-and-aquaporin-3-in-skin-wounds-from-the-aspects-of-wound-age-determination
#16
Yuko Ishida, Yumi Kuninaka, Fukumi Furukawa, Akihiko Kimura, Mizuho Nosaka, Mie Fukami, Hiroki Yamamoto, Takashi Kato, Emi Shimada, Satoshi Hata, Tatsunori Takayasu, Wolfgang Eisenmenger, Toshikazu Kondo
Immunohistochemical investigation of aquaporin (AQP)1 and AQP3 was performed in human skin wounds obtained from forensic autopsy cases. A total of 55 human skin wounds of different postinfliction intervals were collected as follows: group I, 0-3 days (n = 16); II, 4-7 days (n = 11); III, 9-14 days (n = 16); and IV, 17-21 days (n = 12). In uninjured skin samples, AQP1 and AQP3 could be slightly detected in dermal vessels and keratinocytes, respectively. The percentage of AQP1(+) vessels and the number of AQP3(+) keratinocytes were apparently elevated in accordance with wound ages...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073350/understanding-the-antibody-repertoire-in-neuropsychiatric-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders-do-they-share-common-targets
#17
Simone Mader, Venkatesh Jeganathan, Yoshiyuki Arinuma, Yuichiro Fujieda, Irena Dujmovic, Jelena Drulovic, Yuka Shimizu, Yuko Sakuma, Joel N H Stern, Cynthia Aranow, Meggan Mackay, Shinsuke Yasuda, Tatsuya Atsumi, Shunsei Hirohata, Betty Diamond
OBJECTIVE: DWEYS-IgG cross-reactive with DNA and the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunits GluN2A/GluN2B has been associated with neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE). DWEYS-IgG has not been investigated in demyelinating NPSLE (dNPSLE) or in another demyelinating disorder, Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder (NMOSD), which is also a disease of young women and associated with aquaporin-4 (AQP4) or myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies. We investigated the frequency of these brain-reactive antibodies in NPSLE, dNPSLE and NMOSD...
October 26, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063242/clinical-spectrum-and-igg-subclass-analysis-of-anti-myelin-oligodendrocyte-glycoprotein-antibody-associated-syndromes-a-multicenter-study
#18
Sara Mariotto, Sergio Ferrari, Salvatore Monaco, Maria Donata Benedetti, Kathrin Schanda, Daniela Alberti, Alessia Farinazzo, Ruggero Capra, Chiara Mancinelli, Nicola De Rossi, Roberto Bombardi, Luigi Zuliani, Marco Zoccarato, Raffaella Tanel, Adriana Bonora, Marco Turatti, Massimiliano Calabrese, Alberto Polo, Antonino Pavone, Luisa Grazian, GianPietro Sechi, Elia Sechi, Daniele Urso, Rachele Delogu, Francesco Janes, Luciano Deotto, Morena Cadaldini, Maria Rachele Bianchi, Gaetano Cantalupo, Markus Reindl, Alberto Gajofatto
Anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies (MOG-Ab) recently emerged as a potential biomarker in patients with inflammatory demyelinating diseases of the central nervous system. We here compare the clinical and laboratory findings observed in a cohort of MOG-Ab seropositive and seronegative cases and describe IgG subclass analysis results. Consecutive serum samples referred to Verona University Neuropathology Laboratory for aquaporin-4 (AQP4)-Ab and/or MOG-Ab testing were analysed between March 2014 and May 2017...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055481/clinical-characteristics-and-long-term-visual-outcome-of-optic-neuritis-in-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-a-comparison-between-thai-and-american-caucasian-cohorts
#19
Kavin Vanikieti, Anuchit Poonyathalang, Panitha Jindahra, Peggy Bouzika, Joseph F Rizzo, Dean M Cestari
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) occurs more commonly in Asian than Caucasian populations. Few studies have examined the clinical features and visual outcome of optic neuritis (ON) within NMOSD in different racial populations. The objective of this study was to compare the clinical characteristics and long-term visual outcome of a Thai and an American-Caucasian cohort with NMOSD-related ON. METHODS: Medical records including brain and orbital magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 16 consecutive subjects who developed visual loss due to ON as part of NMOSD evaluated at a single American tertiary referral center between 2006 and 2015 were reviewed and compared to those of 16 consecutive similar subjects evaluated at a single Thai tertiary referral center between 2010 and 2016...
October 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046125/pretreatment-with-n-acetyl-cysteine-suppresses-chronic-reactive-astrogliosis-following-maternal-nanoparticle-exposure-during-gestational-period
#20
Atsuto Onoda, Ken Takeda, Masakazu Umezawa
Early pregnant employees are potentially and unintendedly exposed to industrial chemicals including nanoparticles. Developmental toxicity of nanoparticle exposure has been concerned because exposure to fine particle including carbon black nanoparticle (CB-NP) during the brain developmental stage enhances the risk of brain disorders. Maternal CB-NP exposure dose-dependently induces astrogliosis, which is an abnormal increase in the reactive astrocytes with glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and aquaporin-4 overexpression due to the destruction of nearby neurons and blood vessels...
October 2017: Nanotoxicology
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