keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

neurology review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334519/the-most-common-causes-of-eye-pain-at-2-tertiary-ophthalmology-and-neurology-clinics
#1
Randy C Bowen, Jan N Koeppel, Chance D Christensen, Karisa B Snow, Junjie Ma, Bradley J Katz, Howard R Krauss, Klara Landau, Judith E A Warner, Alison V Crum, Dominik Straumann, Kathleen B Digre
BACKGROUND: Eye pain is a common complaint, but no previous studies have determined the most common causes of this presenting symptom. Our objective was to determine the most common causes of eye pain in 2 ophthalmology and neurology departments at academic medical centers. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional analysis and chart review at the departments of ophthalmology and neurology at the University Hospital Zurich (USZ), University of Zürich, Switzerland, and the University of Utah (UU), USA...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334038/robotic-assisted-and-image-guided-mri-compatible-stereoelectroencephalography
#2
Jeffery A Hall, Hui Ming Khoo
BACKGROUND: Stereoelectroencephalography has been in regular use at the Montreal Neurological Institute since 1972. The technique has been in constant evolution to incorporate advances in materials, imaging, and robotics technology. MRI-compatible electrodes were introduced in 2007 and robotics in 2011. Here we report on the technique, safety, and advantages of our current method of stereoelectroencephalography implantation. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent stereoelectroencephalography by the senior author...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333935/association-between-human-papilloma-virus-hpv-vaccination-and-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#3
Angela Meggiolaro, Giuseppe Migliara, Giuseppe La Torre
INTRODUCTION: The vaccination against Humanpapilloma Virus (HPV) is an effective strategy to prevent high-risk HPV infection and subsequent cervical carcinogenesis. Although the safety profile has been ascertained, the relation with the development of central nervous system (CNS) autoimmune disorders (AD) appears still controversial. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is the most common cause of chronic neurological impairment in young people, typically striking females. The main purpose of this review was to assess the association between HPV vaccination and MS...
January 15, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333676/ether-%C3%A3-go-go-k-channels-effective-modulators-of-neuronal-excitability
#4
Christiane K Bauer, Jürgen R Schwarz
Mammalian EAG (ether-à-go-go) channels are voltage-gated K+ channels. They are encoded by the KCNH gene family and divided into three subfamilies, eag (Kv10), erg (eag-related gene; Kv11) and elk (eag-like; Kv12). All EAG channel subtypes are expressed in the brain where they effectively modulate neuronal excitability. This Topical Review describes the biophysical properties of each of the EAG channel subtypes, their function in neurons and the neurological diseases induced by EAG channel mutations. In contrast to the function of erg currents in the heart where they contribute to repolarization of the cardiac action potential, erg currents in neurons are involved in the maintenance of the resting potential, setting of action potential threshold and frequency accommodation...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333421/brain-metastasis-from-colorectal-cancer-a-single-center-experience
#5
Dong-Yeop Kim, Chun-Geun Ryu, Eun-Joo Jung, Jin-Hee Paik, Dae-Yong Hwang
Purpose: The detection rate of brain metastasis (BM) from colorectal cancer (CRC) is increasing. This study was designed to analyze the clinical features of BM and prognosis according to the therapeutic modalities. Methods: A total of 19 cases were collected in this study between November 2008 and December 2015. We reviewed the patients' demographic data and the clinical features of BM retrospectively and investigated their prognostic significance. Results: Nineteen patients included 8 male and 11 female patients...
January 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332073/functional-anatomy-of-basal-ganglia-circuits-with-the-cerebral-cortex-and-the-cerebellum
#6
Andreea C Bostan, Richard P Dum, Peter L Strick
The neural connections of the basal ganglia provide important insights into their function. Here, we discuss the current perspective on basal ganglia connections with the cerebral cortex and with the cerebellum. We review the evidence that the basal ganglia participate in functionally segregated circuits with motor and non-motor areas of the cerebral cortex. We then discuss the data that the basal ganglia are interconnected with the cerebellum. These results provide the anatomical substrate for basal ganglia contributions not only to the control of movement, but also to a variety of cognitive and affective functions...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332070/pathophysiologic-basis-of-movement-disorders
#7
Thomas Wichmann
Movement disorders are common and functionally disabling neurologic diseases. Studies over the last decades have investigated the pathophysiology of these diseases in considerable detail, leading to significant insights into their generation of motor disability. While genetically and clinically heterogeneous, most of them are accompanied by prominent and characteristic changes in firing rates and patterns in the basal ganglia, thalamus, and cortex. In recent years, researchers have placed increasing emphasis on the importance of oscillatory changes in firing in these structures, and have discovered that brain areas that were previously considered to be remote from the basal ganglia (such as the cerebellum and the pedunculopontine nucleus) are also highly significant in these disorders...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332009/poststroke-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Helle Stangeland, Vasiliki Orgeta, Vaughan Bell
A preregistered systematic review of poststroke psychosis examining clinical characteristics, prevalence, diagnostic procedures, lesion location, treatments, risk factors and outcome. Neuropsychiatric outcomes following stroke are common and severely impact quality of life. No previous reviews have focused on poststroke psychosis despite clear clinical need. CINAHL, MEDLINE and PsychINFO were searched for studies on poststroke psychosis published between 1975 and 2016. Reviewers independently selected studies for inclusion, extracted data and rated study quality...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331206/mechanical-thrombectomy-determining-the-proportion-of-eligible-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients-in-the-cohort-of-single-academic-stroke-center
#9
Marcin Wiącek, Rafał Kaczorowski, Bartosz Sieczkowski, Natalia Kanas, Halina Bartosik-Psujek
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is now well-established treatment method for selected patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and efforts are being made to incorporate it into the systems of stroke care. Our objective is to assess the number of AIS individuals eligible for MT in the cohort of single academic stroke center. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed initial non-invasive vascular imaging data of AIS patients presenting within 5h of symptom onset for the presence of large vessel occlusion (LVO) over 2-year period (2015-2016)...
December 26, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330587/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-with-spinal-cord-involvement-pres-sci-as-a-rare-complication-of-severe-diabetic-ketoacidosis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Jianfei Nao, Han Zhang, Si Wu, Xiaotian Zhang, Dongming Zheng
INTRODUCTION: In addition to diffuse brain oedema, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) can lead to ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke, extrapontine myelinolysis, and sinovenous thrombosis. However, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) and spinal cord oedema are rarely reported in patients with DKA. METHODS: We present a case of a 17-year-old-girl who developed headache, blurred vision, and paraplegia after her DKA was controlled. Sequential magnetic resonance (MR) scans of the brain and spinal cord were performed...
January 12, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330067/protein-complexes-as-psychiatric-and-neurological-drug-targets
#11
REVIEW
Akihiko S Kato, Jeffrey M Witkin
The need for improved medications for psychiatric and neurological disorders is clear. Difficulties in finding such drugs demands that all strategic means be utilized for their invention. The discovery of forebrain specific AMPA receptor antagonists, which selectively block the specific combinations of principal and auxiliary subunits present in forebrain regions but spare targets in the cerebellum, was recently disclosed. This discovery raised the possibility that other auxiliary protein systems could be utilized to help identify new medicines...
January 9, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329860/ethyl-carbamate-an-emerging-food-and-environmental-toxicant
#12
REVIEW
Vemana Gowd, Hongming Su, Petr Karlovsky, Wei Chen
Ethyl carbamate (EC), a chemical substance widely present in fermented food products and alcoholic beverages, has been classified as a Group 2A carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). New evidence indicates that long-term exposure to EC may cause neurological disorders. Formation of EC in food and its metabolism have therefore been studied extensively and analytical methods for EC in various food matrices have been established. Due to the potential threat of EC to human health, mitigation strategies for EC in food products by physical, chemical, enzymatic, and genetic engineering methods have been developed...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328996/acute-and-sub-acute-neurological-toxicity-in-children-treated-for-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#13
REVIEW
Natalia C Millan, Analía Pastrana, Myriam R Guitter, Pedro A Zubizarreta, María S Monges, María S Felice
Eighty percent of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survive with current treatments. Neurotoxicity is an infrequent adverse event. We describe clinical presentations of neurological toxicity, phases of treatment when these adverse events were more frequent and patients ́ outcome. From January-1995 to December-2015, 1379 ALL cases were admitted. Neurotoxicity was diagnosed in 49 patients (3.6%) and classified according to neurological syndromes. Medical records, laboratory-tests and images were reviewed...
January 2, 2018: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328004/thoracolumbar-injury-classification-and-severity-score-in-children-a-reliability-study
#14
Ross L Dawkins, Joseph H Miller, Omar I Ramadan, Michael C Lysek, Elizabeth N Kuhn, Brandon G Rocque, Michael J Conklin, R Shane Tubbs, Beverly C Walters, Bonita S Agee, Curtis J Rozzelle
OBJECTIVE There are many classification systems for injuries of the thoracolumbar spine. The recent Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score (TLICS) has been shown to be a reliable tool for adult patients. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of the TLICS system in pediatric patients. The validity of the TLICS system is assessed in a companion paper. METHODS The medical records of pediatric patients with acute, traumatic thoracolumbar fractures at a single Level 1 trauma center were retrospectively reviewed...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327973/fluoroscopy-guided-percutaneous-vertebroplasty-for-symptomatic-loosened-pedicle-screw-and-instrumentation-associated-vertebral-fracture-an-evaluation-of-initial-experiences-and-technical-note
#15
Tsai-Sheng Fu, Yun-Da Li
OBJECTIVE For symptomatic loosened pedicle screws and instrumentation-associated vertebral fracture, extensive surgery to remove the pedicle screws and extend the instrumentation, along with the reinsertion of more pedicle screws, is usually the treatment of choice. After such a surgery, however, similar complications will still be encountered. In this study the authors propose minimally invasive percutaneous cement augmentation under fluoroscopic guidance as a salvage procedure that eliminates the inherent risks of conventional extensive surgery...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327223/one-bone-forearm-osteodesis-and-biceps-re-routing-to-correct-severe-supination-contracture-in%C3%A2-a-paediatric-patient-with-late-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy
#16
Ricardo Monreal
PURPOSE: The one-bone forearm arthrodesis has been performed to change the position of the forearm in children with fixed supination deformity due to upper extremity neurologic deficit. In this article, we present a retrospective review of children with late obstetric brachial plexus palsy who underwent palliative surgery to correct severe supination contracture by one-bone forearm osteodesis and biceps re-routing. This technique has not been described previously. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, four consecutive patients with upper extremity weakness and severe supination contracture who underwent forearm osteodesis in neutral or slight pronation and biceps re-routing...
January 12, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327206/brain-photobiomodulation-therapy-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Farzad Salehpour, Javad Mahmoudi, Farzin Kamari, Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad, Seyed Hossein Rasta, Michael R Hamblin
Brain photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy using red to near-infrared (NIR) light is an innovative treatment for a wide range of neurological and psychological conditions. Red/NIR light is able to stimulate complex IV of the mitochondrial respiratory chain (cytochrome c oxidase) and increase ATP synthesis. Moreover, light absorption by ion channels results in release of Ca2+ and leads to activation of transcription factors and gene expression. Brain PBM therapy enhances the metabolic capacity of neurons and stimulates anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, and antioxidant responses, as well as neurogenesis and synaptogenesis...
January 11, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326531/medial-pivot-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-literature-review-and-our-first-experience
#18
REVIEW
Luigi Sabatini, Salvatore Risitano, Gennaro Parisi, Ferdinando Tosto, Pier Francesco Indelli, Francesco Atzori, Alessandro Massè
Background: Traditional total knee implants designs, usually, are not able to reproduce the physiological kinematics of the knee, leaving almost 20% of the patients, those who underwent a total knee arthroplasty (TKA), not fully satisfied. Modern inserts are nowadays designed with a fully congruent medial compartment to reproduce the normal medial pivoting biomechanics of the knee. The aim of this article was to evaluate preliminary clinical improvement using the Medial Congruent (MC) insert as specific level of constraint...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326279/gut-microbiota-in-cardiovascular-disease-and-heart-failure
#19
REVIEW
Takeshi Kitai, W H Wilson Tang
Accumulating evidence supports a relationship between the complexity and diversity of the gut microbiota and host diseases. In addition to alterations in the gut microbial composition, the metabolic potential of gut microbiota has been identified as a contributing factor in the development of diseases. Recent technological developments of molecular and biochemical analyses enable us to detect and characterize the gut microbiota via assessment and classification of its genomes and corresponding metabolites. These advances have provided emerging data supporting the role of gut microbiota in various physiological activities including host metabolism, neurological development, energy homeostasis, and immune regulation...
January 16, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326008/-acute-neurological-disease-due-to-enterovirus-a-review-of-clinical-cases-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-andalusia-after-an-outbreak-in-catalonia
#20
Ana Isabel Valdivielso Martínez, Begoña Carazo Gallego, Zaira Cubiles Arilo, David Moreno-Pérez, Antonio Urda Cardona
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
keyword
keyword
48740
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"