keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Cardiovascular risk"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635680/saturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-replacements-for-saturated-fat-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk
#1
REVIEW
Michelle A Briggs, Kristina S Petersen, Penny M Kris-Etherton
Dietary recommendations to decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) have focused on reducing intake of saturated fatty acids (SFA) for more than 50 years. While the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans advise substituting both monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids for SFA, evidence supports other nutrient substitutions that will also reduce CVD risk. For example, replacing SFA with whole grains, but not refined carbohydrates, reduces CVD risk. Replacing SFA with protein, especially plant protein, may also reduce CVD risk...
June 21, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635327/within-visit-blood-pressure-variability-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-hypertensive-patients-with-non-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Kengo Azushima, Hiromichi Wakui, Kazushi Uneda, Sona Haku, Ryu Kobayashi, Kohji Ohki, Sho Kinguchi, Kotaro Haruhara, Tetsuya Fujikawa, Yoshiyuki Toya, Satoshi Umemura, Kouichi Tamura
As there may be an association between within-visit blood pressure (BP) variability and cardiovascular disease (CVD), we investigated the clinical significance of this BP variability in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: According to the median of coefficient of variation (CV) of three systolic BP (SBP) readings within a single visit, we divided hypertensive patients with stage G1-4 CKD already treated with antihypertensive therapy into the high SBP-CV group and the low SBP-CV group...
June 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634642/determinants-of-change-in-polypharmacy-status-in-switzerland-the-population-based-colaus-study
#3
Nazanin Abolhassani, Julien Castioni, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Peter Vollenweider, Gérard Waeber
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the prevalence, the change, and the determinants of change in polypharmacy in a population-based sample. METHODS: Baseline (2003-2006) and follow-up (2009-2012) data are from 4679 participants aged between 35 and 75 years (53.5% women, mean age 52.6 ± 10.6 years) from the population of Lausanne, Switzerland. Polypharmacy was defined by the regular use of ≥5 drugs. Four categories of change were defined: never (no polypharmacy at baseline and follow-up), initiating (no polypharmacy at baseline but at follow-up), maintaining, or quitting...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634364/lipid-changes-8-years-post-gastric-bypass-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-fabs-5-study
#4
Amy S Shah, Todd Jenkins, Zhiqian Gao, Stephen R Daniels, Elaine M Urbina, Shelley Kirk, Robert Siegel, Thomas H Inge
OBJECTIVE: Severe obesity in adolescents is increasing and few effective treatments exist. Bariatric surgery is one option, but the extent to which surgery influences cardiovascular risk factors over time in youth is not clear. We hypothesized that Roux-en Y gastric bypass (RYGB) would be associated with sustained improvements in lipids over time (>5 years). PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: Youth who underwent RYGB from 2001-2007 were recruited for the Follow-up of Adolescent Bariatric Surgery-5+ (FABS-5+) in 2011-2014...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633627/effectiveness-of-a-motivational-intervention-on-overweight-obese-patients-in-the-primary-healthcare-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#5
Juan Jose Rodriguez-Cristobal, Carlos Alonso-Villaverde, Jose Ma Panisello, Pere Travé-Mercade, Francisca Rodriguez-Cortés, Josep Ramon Marsal, Esther Peña
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are common health problems which increase the risk of developing several serious health conditions. The main difficulty in the management of weight-loss lies in its maintenance, once it is achieved. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a motivational intervention, together with current clinical practice, was more efficient than a traditional intervention, in the treatment of overweight and obesity and whether this intervention reduces cardiovascular risk factors associated with overweight and obesity...
June 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633511/cardiovascular-risk-at-health-checks-performed-opportunistically-or-following-an-invitation-letter-cohort-study
#6
Martin C Gulliford, Bernadette Khoshaba, Lisa McDermott, Victoria Cornelius, Mark Ashworth, Frances Fuller, Jane Miller, Hiten Dodhia, Alison J Wright
Background: A population-based programme of health checks has been established in England. Participants receive postal invitations through a population-based call-recall system but health check providers may also offer health checks opportunistically. We compared cardiovascular risk scores for 'invited' and 'opportunistic' health checks. Methods: Cohort study of all health checks completed at 18 general practices from July 2013 to June 2015. For each general practice, cardiovascular (CVD) risk scores were compared by source of check and pooled using meta-analysis...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633297/sauna-bathing-and-incident-hypertension-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Francesco Zaccardi, Tanjaniina Laukkanen, Peter Willeit, Setor K Kunutsor, Jussi Kauhanen, Jari A Laukkanen
BACKGROUND: Sauna bathing is associated with reduced cardiovascular risk, but the mechanisms underlying this beneficial effect are not entirely understood. We aimed to assess the relationship between sauna bathing and risk of incident hypertension. METHODS: Frequency of sauna bathing was ascertained using questionnaires in the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Study, a prospective cohort study conducted in Eastern Finland that comprised a population-based sample of 1,621 men aged 42 to 60 years without hypertension at baseline...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631762/-safety-and-tolerability-of-oral-hypoglycemic-therapies-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#8
Giuseppe Ambrosio, Gaetano M De Ferrari, Massimo Federici, Pasquale Perrone Filardi
Oral hypoglycemic drugs for type 2 diabetes aim at preventing the metabolic effects of hyperglycemia and cardiovascular (CV) events. The evidence of the possible CV risk related to the prescription of some antidiabetic drugs prompted regulatory agencies to require safety studies. This review provides an updated analysis of CV safety profiles for antidiabetic drugs used for the treatment of patients with high CV risk.The most recent studies analyze different aspects of CV morbidity, such as ischemic events, heart failure and arrhythmia, and their interactions with hyperglycemia...
June 2017: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631697/-changes-in-the-serum-concentrations-of-adhesion-molecules-and-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-active-ankylosing-spondylitis-patients-taking-amtolmetin-guacil-results-of-a-56-week-prospective-%C3%B0-%C3%B1-%C3%B0%C2%B5n-label-controlled-observational-study
#9
I Z Gaydukova, E V Khondkaryan, A V Aparkina, A P Rebrov
AIM: To estimate changes in the concentrations of adhesion molecules and vascular endothelial growth factor A after 30-day additional use of amtolmetin guacil (AMG) in patients with active ankylosing spondylitis (AS) who were unresponsive to previous one-year treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 20 patients with active AS who had not reached a BASDAI score <4.0 at week 52 of NSAID therapy and 10 healthy individuals matched for cardiovascular risk factors were examined...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631120/-erratum-to-cost-effectiveness-of-gnrh-antagonists-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-and-cardiovascular-risk-comparative-analysis-with-leuprolide-on-the-basis-of-the-number-needed-to-treat
#10
D Anderson, J Lehmann, T Ecker, S Vosgerau, V Donatz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630872/effect-of-regular-aerobic-activity-in-young-healthy-athletes-on-profile-of-endothelial-function-and-platelet-activity
#11
Katarzyna Podgórska, Arkadiusz Derkacz, Ewa Szahidewicz-Krupska, Jakub Jasiczek, Piotr Dobrowolski, Aneta Radziwon-Balicka, Robert Skomro, Andrzej Szuba, Grzegorz Mazur, Adrian Doroszko
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of regular professional sports activity on the endothelial and platelet function in young men. The studied group were 79 young men (18-40 y, 25 athletes and 54 without any regular physical activity). The nitric oxide (NO) metabolic pathway intermediates, oxidative stress markers, mediators of inflammation, and platelet aggregation were measured. Flow mediated dilation (FMD) was studied before and after intravenous 16,0 g L-arginine infusion, which was repeated after oral administration of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA-75 mg/day) for 4 days...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630267/a-structured-review-of-antithrombotic-therapy-in-peripheral-artery-disease-with-a-focus-on-revascularization-a-tasc-intersociety-consensus-for-the-management-of-peripheral-artery-disease-initiative
#12
REVIEW
Connie N Hess, Lars Norgren, Gary M Ansel, Warren H Capell, John P Fletcher, F Gerry R Fowkes, Anders Gottsäter, Kerry Hitos, Michael R Jaff, Joakim Nordanstig, William R Hiatt
Peripheral artery disease affects >200 million people worldwide and is associated with significant limb and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Limb revascularization is recommended to improve function and quality of life for symptomatic patients with peripheral artery disease with intermittent claudication who have not responded to medical treatment. For patients with critical limb ischemia, the goals of revascularization are to relieve pain, help wound healing, and prevent limb loss. The baseline risk of cardiovascular and limb-related events demonstrated among patients with stable peripheral artery disease is elevated after revascularization and related to atherothrombosis and restenosis...
June 20, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630238/impact-of-sex-on-cardiac-troponin-concentrations-a-critical-appraisal
#13
REVIEW
Kai M Eggers, Bertil Lindahl
BACKGROUND: The use of sex-specific cutoffs for cardiac troponin (cTn) is currently debated. Although endorsed by scientific working groups, concerns have been raised that sex-specific cutoffs may have only a small clinical effect at the cost of increased complexity in decision-making. METHODS: We reviewed studies investigating the interrelations between high-sensitivity (hs) cTn results and sex, diagnoses, and outcome. Investigated populations included community-dwelling subjects and patients with stable angina, congestive heart failure, or acute chest pain including those with acute coronary syndromes...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628659/wave-intensity-of-aortic-root-pressure-as-diagnostic-marker-of-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction
#14
Bernhard Hametner, Stephanie Parragh, Thomas Weber, Siegfried Wassertheurer
BACKGROUND: Systolic left ventricular function strongly influences the blood pressure waveform. Therefore, pressure-derived parameters might potentially be used as non-invasive, diagnostic markers of left ventricular impairment. The aim of this study was to investigate the performance of pressure-based parameters in combination with electrocardiography (ECG) for the detection of left ventricular systolic dysfunction defined as severely reduced ejection fraction (EF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Two populations, each comprising patients with reduced EF and pressure-matched controls, were included for the main analysis (51/102 patients) and model testing (44/88 patients)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628284/-coronary-artery-disease-and-sport-practice
#15
REVIEW
A Ancion, J-F Kaux, L Piérard, P Lancellotti
Cardiovascular diseases are responsible for many deaths in our western societies. Practice of sport activities can decrease their occurrence and improve the prognosis of the patients already affected. The practice of a sport, however, presents an increased cardiovascular risk during its realization (sudden death, myocardial infarction, etc.). An assessment of the risk of complication is necessary before allowing patients with ischemic heart disease to practice a sport activity. Sport activities in competitions are discouraged for most patients, but for the majority, recreational activities should be encouraged...
June 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627096/high-titer-of-anti-citrullinated-peptide-antibody-is-a-risk-factor-for-severe-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaque-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-the-tomorrow-study
#16
Tadashi Okano, Kentaro Inui, Yuko Sugioka, Kenichi Sugioka, Yoshiki Matsumura, Shinji Takahashi, Masahiro Tada, Kenji Mamoto, Shigeyuki Wakitani, Tatsuya Koike, Hiroaki Nakamura
AIM: Cardiovascular disease is one of the complications of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We researched the morbidity and severity of existing carotid atherosclerosis plaque and associated risk factors in patients with RA. METHOD: This study included 413 participants, including 208 patients with RA and 205 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Carotid ultrasound, clinical data collection and assessment of cardiovascular risk factors were performed. Atherosclerotic plaque was defined as an intima-media thickness ≥ 1...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625710/effect-of-an-individualised-physical-exercise-program-on-lipid-profile-in-sedentary-patients-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#17
Francisco Javier Rubio Pérez, Luis Franco Bonafonte, Daiana Ibarretxe Guerediaga, Maria Pilar Oyon Belaza, Paola Ugarte Peyron
Physical exercise has become in an important tool in the reduction of cardiovascular risk. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an unsupervised physical exercise program that on the physical condition and the lipid profile. METHOD: The final sample included 49 sedentary men and women, who were non-smokers, with dyslipidaemia, overweight, and type1 obesity. The 4-month program included walking for 30-60minutes every day, and for three days a week, 30minutes of cycling at an intensity of 40-60% of maximum functional capacity, as well as isometric abdominals and static stretching...
June 15, 2017: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625382/impact-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-and-oxygen-on-health-status-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-heart-biomarker-evaluation-in-apnea-treatment-heartbeat-analysis
#18
Eldrin F Lewis, Rui Wang, Naresh Punjabi, Daniel J Gottlieb, Stuart F Quan, Deepak L Bhatt, Sanjay R Patel, Reena Mehra, Roger S Blumenthal, Jia Weng, Michael Rueschman, Susan Redline
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQL). Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has variable impacts on HRQL, and this may be influenced by patient's tolerance of therapy. The objective is to determine the impact of nocturnal supplemental oxygen (NSO) and CPAP on HRQL compared with healthy lifestyle education (HLSE) in individuals with OSA. METHODS: Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) or at least 3 major CHD risk factors with apnea-hypopnea index of 15 to 50 events/h were randomized to CPAP, NSO, or HLSE...
July 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625073/the-impact-of-structured-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-combined-with-intensive-education-on-hba1c-levels-hospitalizations-and-quality-of-life-parameters-in-insulin-treated-patients-with-diabetes-at-primary-care-in-serbia
#19
Nebojša M Lalić, Katarina Lalić, Aleksandra Jotić, Dejan Stanojević, Dragana Živojinović, Andrija Janićijević, Christopher Parkin
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effect of structured self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG), in combination with intensive education, on metabolic control, SMBG frequency, hospitalizations, cardiovascular risk factors, and quality-of-life parameters in patients with insulin-treated diabetes in primary health care settings in Serbia. METHODS: This 6-month, observational, noninterventional study, followed 346 insulin-treated diabetes patients (type 1 diabetes [T1D], n = 57; type 2 diabetes [T2D], n = 289) from 28 primary care centers...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624395/statin-trials-cardiovascular-events-and%C3%A2-coronary-artery-calcification-implications-for-a-trial-based-approach-to-statin-therapy-in%C3%A2-mesa
#20
Martin Bødtker Mortensen, Erling Falk, Dong Li, Khurram Nasir, Michael J Blaha, Veit Sandfort, Carlos Jose Rodriguez, Pamela Ouyang, Matthew Budoff
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether coronary artery calcium (CAC) could be used to optimize statin allocation among individuals for whom trial-based evidence supports efficacy of statin therapy. BACKGROUND: Recently, allocation of statins was proposed for primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) based on proven efficacy from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of statin therapy, a so-called trial-based approach. METHODS: The study used data from MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) with 5,600 men and women, 45 to 84 years of age, and free of clinical ASCVD, lipid-lowering therapy, or missing information for risk factors at baseline examination...
June 9, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
keyword
keyword
48726
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"