keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Cardiovascular risk"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471519/higher-risk-of-abdominal-obesity-elevated-ldl-cholesterol-and-hypertriglyceridemia-but-not-of-hypertension-in-people-living-with-hiv-results-from-the-copenhagen-comorbidity-in-hiv-infection-cocomo-study
#1
Marco Gelpi, Shoaib Afzal, Jens Lundgren, Andreas Ronit, Ashley Roen, Amanda Mocroft, Jan Gerstoft, Anne-Mette Lebech, Birgitte Lindegaard, Klaus Fuglsang Kofoed, Børge G Nordestgaard, Susanne Dam Nielsen
Background: People living with HIV (PLWH) have lower life expectancy than uninfected individuals, partly explained by excess risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and CVD risk factors. We investigated the association between HIV infection and abdominal obesity, elevated LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), hypertriglyceridemia and hypertension, in a large cohort of predominantly well-treated PLWH and matched controls. Methods: 1,099 PLWH from the Copenhagen Co-morbidity in HIV infection (COCOMO) study and 12,161 age and sex-matched uninfected controls from the Copenhagen General Population Study were included and underwent blood pressure, waist-, hip-, weight-, and height-measurements...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470738/prevalence-and-type-ii-diabetes-associated-factors-in-psoriatic-arthritis
#2
Rubén Queiro, Andrés Lorenzo, Estefanía Pardo, Anahy Brandy, Pablo Coto, Javier Ballina
Diabetes is a common cardiovascular risk factor in psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Although the prevalence of diabetes is high, the factors associated with it in PsA are poorly understood. We aimed to analyse the prevalence of type II diabetes and diabetes-associated factors in a hospital-based population with PsA. This cross-sectional study included 340 consecutive patients attended in a tertiary care hospital. The prevalence of diabetes was compared to that of 600 outpatients without inflammatory conditions. To analyse diabetes-associated factors, odds ratio (OR) values were calculated by conditional logistic regression analysis...
February 22, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470659/impact-of-particulate-air-pollution-on-cardiovascular-health
#3
REVIEW
Zhen An, Yuefei Jin, Juan Li, Wen Li, Weidong Wu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Air pollution is established as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Ambient particulate matter (PM), a principal component of air pollutant, has been considered as a main culprit of the adverse effects of air pollution on human health. RECENT FINDINGS: Extensive epidemiological and toxicological studies have demonstrated particulate air pollution is positively associated with the development of CVDs. Short-term PM exposure can trigger acute cardiovascular events while long-term exposure over years augments cardiovascular risk to an even greater extent and can reduce life expectancy by a few years...
February 22, 2018: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470367/what-are-the-cardiovascular-effects-of-the-newer-classes-of-drugs-for-type-2-diabetes
#4
Jean Covino, Jennifer Hoffman
New classes of drugs to treat type 2 diabetes are continually being developed and marketed. The FDA has issued guidance to the pharmaceutical industry that newer hypoglycemic agents should not be associated with unacceptable increases in cardiovascular risk. To date, five trials have assessed specific cardiovascular endpoints for these newer agents. Empagliflozin and liraglutide have been found to improve cardiovascular outcomes.
March 2018: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468706/comparative-cardiovascular-safety-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-patients-with-hypertension-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Yaa-Hui Dong, Chia-Hsuin Chang, Li-Chiu Wu, Jing-Shiang Hwang, Sengwee Toh
AIMS: Prior studies have suggested that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be associated with higher cardiovascular risks. Few were active-comparison studies that directly assessed potential differential cardiovascular risk between NSAID classes or across individual NSAIDs. We compared the risk of major cardiovascular events between cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme (COX-2) selective NSAIDs and nonselective NSAIDs in patients with hypertension. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of patients with hypertension who initiated COX-2 selective NSAIDs or nonselective NSAIDs in a population-based Taiwanese database...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467411/the-impact-of-unrecorded-readings-on-the-precision-and-diagnostic-performance-of-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-a-statistical-study
#6
Félix Rinfret, Franck Ouattara, Lyne Cloutier, Pierre Larochelle, Monica Ilinca, Maxime Lamarre-Cliche
Hypertension is a major cardiovascular risk factor. To address the disease adequately, most clinicians rely on home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM). However, the impact of unrecorded BP values on the precision and diagnostic performance of BP schedules is unknown. We obtained 103 HBP patients schedules from a previous study. Then, readings were randomly removed from each schedule in order to create new incomplete schedules using a resampling technique. We obtained 10,000 new incomplete schedules. For each number of randomly removed readings, the percentages of incomplete schedules outside a systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) range of 5/3 mmHg were calculated from the same complete patient's schedule...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466951/a-methodology-review-on-the-incremental-prognostic-value-of-computed-tomography-biomarkers-in-addition-to-framingham-risk-score-in-predicting-cardiovascular-disease-the-use-of-association-discrimination-and-reclassification
#7
Chun Lap Pang, Nicola Pilkington, Yinghui Wei, Jaime Peters, Carl Roobottom, Chris Hyde
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) biomarkers claim to improve cardiovascular risk stratification. This review focuses on significant differences in incremental measures between adequate and inadequate reporting practise. METHODS: Studies included were those that used Framingham Risk Score as a baseline and described the incremental value of adding calcium score or CT coronary angiogram in predicting cardiovascular risk. Searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Central were performed with no language restriction...
February 21, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466492/urbanization-is-associated-with-increased-trends-in-cardiovascular-mortality-among-indigenous-populations-the-pai-study
#8
Anderson da Costa Armstrong, Ana Marice Teixeira Ladeia, Juracy Marques, Dinani Matoso Fialho de Oliveira Armstrong, Antonio Marconi Leandro da Silva, Jeová Cordeiro de Morais Junior, Aldina Barral, Luis Claudio Lemos Correia, Manoel Barral-Netto, João A C Lima
BACKGROUND: The cardiovascular risk burden among diverse indigenous populations is not totally known and may be influenced by lifestyle changes related to the urbanization process. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cardiovascular (CV) mortality profile of indigenous populations during a rapid urbanization process largely influenced by governmental infrastructure interventions in Northeast Brazil. METHODS: We assessed the mortality of indigenous populations (≥ 30 y/o) from 2007 to 2011 in Northeast Brazil (Bahia and Pernambuco states)...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466486/sports-practices-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-teenagers
#9
Carlos Scherr, Leonardo Corrêa Castro Fabiano, Renata Leborato Guerra, Luciano Herman Juacaba Belém, Ana Carolina Gurgel Câmara, Adriana Campos
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of deaths in the world, and many events could be prevented by healthy life habits. OBJECTIVES: To compare the occurrence of cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents enrolled at public schools in the city of Rio de Janeiro, including a renowned school for sport practices. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, convenience sampling of 422 students enrolled at the Experimental Olympic Gymnasium (EOG) and at Figueiredo Pimentel School (FP)...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466361/is-there-relationship-between-epicardial-fat-and-cardiovascular-parameters-in-incident-kidney-transplant-patients-a-post-hoc-analysis
#10
Daniel Constantino Yazbek, Aluizio Barbosa Carvalho, Cinara Sa Barros, Jose Osmar Medina Pestana, Carlos Eduardo Rochitte, Raul Dias Dos Santos Filho, Maria Eugênia F Canziani
BACKGROUND: Epicardial fat (EF) has been related to increased cardiovascular risk in chronic kidney disease patients. Kidney transplantation is associated with weight gain, especially within the first 12 months. Recently an association between EF and left ventricular mass (LVM) has been suggested in kidney transplant (KTX) recipients. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the EF in KTX recipients and its association with cardiovascular parameters in a 12-month follow-up study. METHODS: EF volume was determined using thoracic computed tomography...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466221/-effects-of-high-dose-statin-therapy-on-cognitive-functions-and-quality-of-life-in-very-high-cardiovascular-risk-patients
#11
Z D Kobalava, S V Villevalde, M A Vorobyeva
AIM: To investigate the effects of intensive lipid-lowering therapy on cognitive functions and quality of life in patients (pts) with very high cardiovascular risk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 93 pts (58 men, 63.2±9.5 years old with history of clinically evident cardiovascular disease and fasting low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) >1.8 mmol/l or non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) >2.6 mmol/l the mental status and quality of life were assessed before and after 6 months of therapy with atorvastatin 80 mg/day...
September 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466209/-awareness-of-the-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-different-types-of-hospitalized-medical-patients
#12
N V Pogosova, M A Lysenko, I V Samsonova, A V Karpova, Y M Yufereva, S S Isakova, V A Vygodin, A S Vasilevskiy
OBJECTIVE: to study medical awareness of cardiovascular risk factors (FR) in hospitalized patients of the cardiac and internal medicine units (CU and IMU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 patients from CU (n=50) and IMU (n=50) of a Moscow city hospital were included into the survey. The patients were interviewed during the I-II days of hospital stay. A special questionnaire was developed including socio-demographic and clinical indicators, open questions on the knowledge of traditional cardiovascular RFs and their target values...
December 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466172/-effects-of-glucose-lowering-drugs-on-cardiovascular-risk-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-realities-and-perspectives
#13
Z D Kobalava, G K Kiyakbaev
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466167/-lung-hyperinflation-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-long-term-outcomes-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#14
V K Zafiraki, E D Kosmachyeva, L V Shulzhenko, D M Ramazanov, A A Omarov, I V Pershukov
OBJECTIVE: to assess the effect of lung hyperinflation (LHI) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on longterm outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with COPD who suffered stable ischemic heart disease and underwent PCI (n=135) were included in a prospective cohort study. LHI was found in 60 patients, while 75 patients had no LHI. Evaluation included comparing the frequency of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (cardiac death, myocardial infarcпункtion [MI], stroke, repeat revascularization) and Kaplan-Mayer curves between groups of patients with and without LHI...
January 2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465901/association-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-parkinson-s-disease-case-control-study-in-south-east-hungary
#15
Mária Markó-Kucsera, László Vécsei, Edit Paulik
Background and purpose: Parkinson's disease (PD) has the second highest incidence among neurodegenerative diseases in the world population. The study aimed to investigate the presence of some cardiovascular risk factors - dyslipidemia, diabetes, and hypertension - in PD patients and to compare their risk with non-PD population in South East Hungary. Methods: A case-control study was conducted at the Department of Neurology, University of Szeged, Hungary. The study included 1299 subjects out of which 620 patients were identified as cases of diagnosed PD and 679 as controls...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465710/blood-pressure-variability-increases-with-advancing-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-16-546-hypertensive-patients
#16
Pantelis A Sarafidis, Luis M Ruilope, Charalampos Loutradis, Manuel Gorostidi, Alejandro de la Sierra, Juan J de la Cruz, Ernest Vinyoles, Juan A Divisón-Garrote, Julián Segura, José R Banegas
OBJECTIVE: Increased BP-variability predicts cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensives. This study aimed to examine short-term BP-variability according to renal function stage. METHODS: We included 16 546 patients [10 270 (62.1%) without/6276 (38.9%) with CKD Stage 1-5] from the Spanish Ambulatory-Blood-Pressure Monitoring (ABPM) Registry. Stages of CKD were defined according to K/DIGO criteria, based on estimated glomerular filtration rate calculated with the CKD-EPI equation and albumin-to-creatine ratio...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465559/cardiac-rehabilitation-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-patients-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-community-based-study
#17
Yong Zhang, HongXia Cao, Pin Jiang, HaiQin Tang
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of the leading causes of death and physical disability worldwide. However, the development of community- based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in AMI patients is hysteretic. Here, we aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of CR applied in the community in AMI patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 130 ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients after PCI were randomly divided into 2 groups in the community, rehabilitation group (n = 65) and control group (n = 65)...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465549/cardiorespiratory-parameters-and-glycated-hemoglobin-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-after-a-rehabilitation-program
#18
Natália da Silva Freitas Marques, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Bárbara Vieira Dos Santos, Cândido Ferreira Rodrigues Neto, José Rener Cordeiro da Silva, Karine Ketlem de Souza Braga, Kariny da Silva Uchôa, Laila Maria Silva Moraes, Leillane Cristina de Paiva Ferreira, Natanael Guimaraes Ribeiro, Savio Lima Dos Santos, Tayná Almeida da Silva, Paulo Evaristo de Andrade, Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction reflex of the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus (DM) favors an increase in morbidity and mortality related to cardiovascular events, and for this reason has been one of the most studied clinical entities. METHOD: An experimental study of a randomized clinical trial type was therefore proposed to analyze the hemodynamic and glycemic response after the practice of a rehabilitation program in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464893/improvements-in-fitness-are-not-obligatory-for-exercise-training-induced-improvements-in-cv-risk-factors
#19
Yvonne A W Hartman, Maria T E Hopman, Tim H Schreuder, Rebecca J H M Verheggen, Ralph R Scholten, Madelijn H Oudegeest-Sander, Fleur Poelkens, Andrew J Maiorana, Louise H Naylor, Peter H Willems, Cees J Tack, Dick H J Thijssen, Daniel J Green
The purpose of this study was to assess whether changes in physical fitness relate to changes in cardiovascular risk factors following standardized, center-based and supervised exercise training programs in subjects with increased cardiovascular risk. We pooled data from exercise training studies of subjects with increased cardiovascular risk (n = 166) who underwent 8-52 weeks endurance training. We determined fitness (i.e., peak oxygen uptake) and traditional cardiovascular risk factors (body mass index, blood pressure, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol), before and after training...
February 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464513/lipids-in-ra-is-less-not-necessarily-more
#20
REVIEW
Jorge Plutzky, Katherine P Liao
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), lipid levels are dynamic and can fluctuate along with changes in inflammation. A reduction in inflammation, most commonly as a result of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) therapy, is associated with increases in total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). In this review, we discuss new evidence shedding light on the potential mechanism underlying changes in lipid levels observed with changes in inflammation...
February 21, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reports
keyword
keyword
48726
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"