Read by QxMD icon Read

Basal cell carcinoma

Ceren D Durmaz, Gareth Evans, Miriam J Smith, Pelin Ertop, Bengü N Akay, Timur Tuncalı
Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS), also known as Gorlin syndrome, is a rare multisystemic autosomal dominant disorder typically presenting with cutaneous basal cell carcinomas, multiple keratocysts, and skeletal anomalies. NBCCS is caused by heterozygous mutations in the PTCH1 gene in chromosome 9q22, in the PTCH2 gene in 1p34, or the SUFU gene in 10q24.32. Here, we report on an 18-month-old boy presenting with medulloblastoma, frontal bossing, and multiple skeletal anomalies and his father who has basal cell carcinomas, palmar pits, macrocephaly, bifid ribs, calcification of falx cerebri, and a history of surgery for odontogenic keratocyst...
March 16, 2018: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
Rania Nabil, Elsemieke Plasmeijer, Remco van Doorn, Wilma Bergman, Nicole A Kukutsch
Approximately 10% of all melanomas occur in subjects with a family history of melanoma. This retrospective follow-up study investigated the characteristics of patients with familial melanoma who made unscheduled visits to our pigmented lesions clinic, and the diagnosis of excised lesions. A total of 110 out of 1,267 (9%) patients made at least one unscheduled visit between May 2011 and February 2016. Histopathology was taken from 59 patients. Thirty-four naevi, 7 melanomas and 3 basal cell carcinomas were detected...
March 15, 2018: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Tadayuki Yoshitake, Michael G Giacomelli, Liza M Quintana, Hilde Vardeh, Lucas C Cahill, Beverly E Faulkner-Jones, James L Connolly, Daihung Do, James G Fujimoto
Rapid histopathological evaluation of fresh, unfixed human tissue using optical sectioning microscopy would have applications to intraoperative surgical margin assessment. Microscopy with ultraviolet surface excitation (MUSE) is a low-cost optical sectioning technique using ultraviolet illumination which limits fluorescence excitation to the specimen surface. In this paper, we characterize MUSE using high incident angle, water immersion illumination to improve sectioning. Propidium iodide is used as a nuclear stain and eosin yellow as a counterstain...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jéssica Carolinne Damasceno, Jordan Isenberg, Laíse Rondon Lopes, Bernardo Hime, Bruno F Fernandes, Marcia Lowen, Luis Marcelo Aranha Camargo, Rubens N Belfort
PURPOSE: Malignant lesions of the eyelid are the most common eye cancers. Although rarely lethal, late diagnosis can lead to serious visual morbidity. Definitive diagnosis of neoplastic lesions is pathological. Indications and types of eyelid lesions in a single high-volume ophthalmic reference center in Sao Paulo, Brazil, were analyzed. METHODS: The surgical pathological reports of patients who underwent eye removal procedures between January 2000 and December 2012 were retrieved from the electronic database of the Ophthalmology Department and retrospectively reviewed...
January 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Marie C Matrka, Katherine A Cimperman, Sarah R Haas, Geraldine Guasch, Lisa A Ehrman, Ronald R Waclaw, Kakajan Komurov, Adam Lane, Kathryn A Wikenheiser-Brokamp, Susanne I Wells
Esophageal cancer occurs as either squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) or adenocarcinoma. ESCCs comprise almost 90% of cases worldwide, and recur with a less than 15% five-year survival rate despite available treatments. The identification of new ESCC drivers and therapeutic targets is critical for improving outcomes. Here we report that expression of the human DEK oncogene is strongly upregulated in esophageal SCC based on data in the cancer genome atlas (TCGA). DEK is a chromatin-associated protein with important roles in several nuclear processes including gene transcription, epigenetics, and DNA repair...
March 14, 2018: PLoS Genetics
Kirti K Chahal, Milind Parle, Ruben Abagyan
The hedgehog (Hh) pathway plays an important role in cancer development and maintenance, as ~25% of all cancers have aberrant Hh pathway activation. Targeted therapy for inhibition of the Hh pathway was thought to be promising for achieving clinical response in the Hh-dependent cancers. However, the results of new clinical trials with smoothened (SMO) antagonists do not show much success in cancers other than basal cell carcinoma. The studies suggest that the Hh pathway involves multiple mechanisms of activation or inhibition in primary cilia and interactions between several related pathways in different types of cells, which makes this pathway extremely complex...
March 13, 2018: Anti-cancer Drugs
Liza Brown, Jennifer David, Stanley Skopit
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a common skin malignancy comprising 80% of non-melanoma skin cancers.1 Over 2.8 million cases are estimated to be diagnosed in the United States alone each year. Advanced BCCs are comprised of BCCs that have metastasized to local or distant lymph nodes or organs, or locally invasive BCCs that are extensive and infiltrate vital structures such as eyes, nose, or brain. Advanced BCC tumors represent roughly 1-10% of BCCs today. Two severe case presentations and treatment options will be discussed in this case report series and review...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Garrett T Prince, Michael C Cameron, Ramin Fathi, Theodore Alkousakis
INTRODUCTION: 5-fluorouracil has proven to be an effective therapy in the treatment of a variety of dermatologic conditions. Approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for the topical treatment of actinic keratoses and superficial basal cell carcinoma, 5-fluorouracil has also demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of a variety of other dermatologic diseases. While best known for its use as a topical medication, 5-fluorouracil can also be delivered intralesionally for the treatment of dermatologic disease...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Christine E Birdwell, Kanchanjunga Prasai, Samantha Dykes, Yali Jia, Tawsha G C Munroe, Malgorzata Bienkowska-Haba, Rona S Scott
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated carcinomas, such as nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), exhibit an undifferentiated and metastatic phenotype. To determine viral contributions involved in the invasive phenotype of EBV-associated carcinomas, EBV-infected human telomerase-immortalized normal oral keratinocytes (NOK) were investigated. EBV-infected NOK were previously shown to undergo epigenetic reprogramming involving CpG island hypermethylation and delayed responsiveness to differentiation. Here, we show that EBV-infected NOK acquired an invasive phenotype that was epigenetically retained after viral loss...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
T Deng, X Duan, B Liu, Y Lan, C Cai, T Zhang, W Zhu, Z Mai, W Wu, G Zeng
This meta-analysis aimed to clarify the actual association between the phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-Is) use and the risk of melanoma in erectile dysfunction (ED) patients. A systematic literature search was conducted in online databases in October, 2016 to identify studies focusing on the association between PDE5-Is use and the risk of melanoma. Summarized multivariate adjusted risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the strength of associations. A total of six clinical trials containing more than one million participants were included...
2018: Neoplasma
B Raone, A Patrizi, C Gurioli, A Gazzola, G M Ravaioli
BACKGROUND: Narrowband-ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) is widely used for the treatment of several dermatological diseases. A cutaneous carcinogenic effect has been hypothesized, but not proved. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of patients treated with NB-UVB between January 1998 and December 2013 at the Dermatology Unit of our University Hospital, to evaluate the cutaneous carcinogenic risk of NB-UVB. RESULTS: 375 patients were included, each receiving a mean follow-up of 6...
March 13, 2018: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
Shira Ronen, Irene Aguilera-Barrantes, Tamara Giorgadze, Petr Šteiner, Petr Grossmann, Saul Suster
Polymorphous sweat gland carcinoma is an uncommon low-grade malignant adnexal tumor with a marked predilection for the distal extremities. Histologically, the lesions are characterized by a cellular proliferation showing a combination of growth patterns, including trabecular, solid, tubular, cribriform, or adenoid cystic and pseudopapillary. The immunohistochemical and molecular profile of these tumors has not yet been properly addressed. We have studied 3 cases of polymorphous sweat gland carcinoma using a broad panel of immunohistochemical markers including cytokeratin AE1/AE3, CK5/6, MOC31, p40, p63, p16, chromogranin, synaptophysin, CD56, MIB-1, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, androgen receptor, BER-EP4, smooth muscle actin, epithelial membrane antigen, carcinoembryonic antigen, CD117, S100 protein, HBME-1, DOG1, vimentin, and mammaglobin...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Slavomir Kondoff, Atanas Drenchev, Torello Lotti, Uwe Wollina, Ilia Lozev, Ivan Pidakev, Ivan Terziev, Yavor Grigorov, Serena Gianfaldoni, Georgi Tchernev
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinomas (BCC) located in the sun-exposed regions are a serious therapeutic challenge. Therefore early diagnosis and adequate therapy should be of a high priority for every dermatologic surgeon. CASE PRESENTATION: We are presenting a patient with multiple BCCs, located on the area of the scalp, who had been treated several years ago with electrocautery and curettage after histopathological verification. However, the last few years the tumours have advanced, infiltrating firstly the tabula external and a year later the tabula interna of the cranium...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Mohammad Matinfar, Shahrzad Shahidi, Awat Feizi
Background: Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in renal transplant recipients is common and associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the incidence of NMSC among renal transplant recipients. Materials and Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Medline, Scopus, and Web of Science databases for studies that assessed the incidence of NMSC in renal transplant recipients using a combination of relevant keywords...
2018: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Courtney Hanna, Lauren Cook, Galen Foulke, Elizabeth V Seiverling
Dermoscopy, commonly used to analyze skin tumors, has more recently been used to evaluate inflammatory dermatoses. We performed a systematic review of the literature to assess the role of dermoscopy in evaluating psoriasis, and briefly reviewed the findings with an emphasis on the specificity or sensitivity of the dermoscopic findings of psoriasis. We also describe the case of a 63-year-old man with a history of psoriasis and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) who presented with a new scaly pink patch on the back. This case highlights the importance of dermoscopy in differentiating patches and plaques of psoriasis from BCC...
January 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Pernilla Roswall, Matteo Bocci, Michael Bartoschek, Hong Li, Glen Kristiansen, Sara Jansson, Sophie Lehn, Jonas Sjölund, Steven Reid, Christer Larsson, Pontus Eriksson, Charlotte Anderberg, Eliane Cortez, Lao H Saal, Christina Orsmark-Pietras, Eugenia Cordero, Bengt Kristian Haller, Jari Häkkinen, Ingrid J G Burvenich, Elgene Lim, Akira Orimo, Mattias Höglund, Lisa Rydén, Holger Moch, Andrew M Scott, Ulf Eriksson, Kristian Pietras
Breast tumors of the basal-like, hormone receptor-negative subtype remain an unmet clinical challenge, as there is high rate of recurrence and poor survival in patients following treatment. Coevolution of the malignant mammary epithelium and its underlying stroma instigates cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) to support most, if not all, hallmarks of cancer progression. Here we delineate a previously unappreciated role for CAFs as determinants of the molecular subtype of breast cancer. We identified paracrine crosstalk between cancer cells expressing platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-CC and CAFs expressing the cognate receptors in human basal-like mammary carcinomas...
March 12, 2018: Nature Medicine
Kamran Balighi, Mahshid Sadat Ansari, Mehdi Mirzaiepour, Maryam Daneshpazhooh, HamidReza Mahmoudi
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common malignancy in the world. Surgery is treatment of the choice and other modalities such as topical and systemic agents have been used. In this study we evaluate intralesional methotrexate(MTX) effectiveness in treatment of BCC as an antimetabolite agent.MTX was injected into 40 nodular BCCs with 2.5mg/ml,10mg/ml and 25 mg/ml concentrations and rebiopsy was done 1 month later. There was no change in size and shape of lesions. Although MTX was safe and well tolerated, the study does not show any effect in treatment of BCC...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Abbas Albayati, Burak Ozkan, Atilla Adnan Eyuboglu, Ahmet Cagri Uysal, Nilgun Markal Ertas, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Skin cancers are one of the most common malignancies in solid-organ transplant recipients. Increased age and immunosuppressive drug use are risk factors for posttransplant skin malignancies. We evaluated nonmelanocytic skin cancer incidence and development time in transplant patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 1833 patients who received kidney, liver, and heart grafts between 1996 and 2016 at Baskent University. We excluded melanocytic skin cancers, premalignant lesions, and benign skin tumors...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
L Schmitz, T Gambichler, C Kost, G Gupta, M Stücker, E Stockfleth, T Dirschka
BACKGROUND: In addition to the extent of atypical keratinocytes throughout the epidermis, actinic keratoses (AKs) are histologically characterized by downward directed basal layer expansion. It is not known if this growth pattern correlates with the risk of developing invasive squamous cell carcinoma (iSCC). OBJECTIVE: To characterize the prevalence of downward directed basal layer expansion of AKs adjacent to iSCC. METHODS: The epidermis overlying and adjacent to iSCCs was assessed histologically...
March 11, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
Dakshika A Gunaratne, Michael J Veness
Radiation oncologists are increasingly tasked with the management of elderly patients with non-melanoma skin cancer, unsuitable for surgical intervention due to inoperable lesions and/or poor performance status. In this cohort, hypofractionated radiotherapy, delivered either daily, alternative daily or once weekly is highly effective. A systematic literature search was conducted of PUBMED, MEDLINE and EMBASE databases using the algorithm ('radiotherapy' OR 'radiation therapy' OR 'brachytherapy') AND ('hypofraction' OR 'hypofractionated' OR 'hypofractionation') AND ('skin neoplasms' OR 'carcinoma' OR 'malignancy') AND ('skin' OR 'epidermis' OR 'epidermal' OR 'cutaneous')...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"