keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Overhydration

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528793/comparison-of-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-and-bioimpedance-in-assessing-body-composition-and-nutrition-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#1
Velena Popovic, Bo Zerahn, James Goya Heaf
OBJECTIVE: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are characterized by protein malnutrition and muscle wasting. Reliable, easy, and cheap methods for evaluating nutrition are desirable. Three methods are commonly available: dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), bioimpedance (BI), and subjective global assessment (SGA).The objective of the study was to compare the previously mentioned methods for assessment of body composition and nutritional status in PD patients. DESIGN: The study is cross-sectional and consisted of 72 PD patients from a single center PD ambulatorium...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525669/relationship-between-bioimpedance-determined-body-composition-and-peritoneal-transport-in-peritoneal-dialysis
#2
Bernardo M da Costa, Gloria Del Peso, Maria Auxiliadora Bajo, Gilda Carreño, Marta Ferreira, Carina Ferreira, Rafael Selgas
PURPOSE: In peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, body fluid homeostasis is dependent on peritoneal elimination of water and solutes. Patients with less favorable peritoneal transport parameters should be more overhydrated. Despite this, the association between faster transport and overhydration (OH) is weak, and the factors that influence hydration status are still poorly characterized. Modified peritoneal equilibration tests (PET) offer us new parameters that might correlate better with hydration status, like free water transport (FWT)...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512162/increase-in-extracellular-hydration-status-after-initiating-peritoneal-dialysis-electively
#3
Kwanpeemai Panorchan, Andrew Davenport
Renal replacement therapy is designed to treat uremic symptoms and correct hypervolemia. We hypothesized that starting peritoneal dialysis (PD) should reduce overhydration, and we measured body composition and hydration status using bioimpedance in PD patients prior to training and then at the first assessment of peritoneal membrane function. We studied 100 consecutive patients with a planned start to PD, without peritoneal infections or mechanical catheter problems, mean age 54.7 ± 17.1 years, 57% male and 25% diabetic...
May 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466665/comparison-of-skinfold-thicknesses-and-bioimpedance-spectroscopy-to-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-for-the-body-fat-measurement-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
Aleksandra Rymarz, Katarzyna Szamotulska, Stanisław Niemczyk
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the amount of body fat measured by skinfold thickness (SFT) and bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as a reference method. METHODS: Forty-eight patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment thrice-weekly for at least 3 months (HD group) with a mean age of 59.8 ± 15.5 years, 61 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <30 mL/min/1...
March 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447420/red-cell-membrane-disorders
#5
REVIEW
J Narla, N Mohandas
Significant advances have been made in our understanding of the structural basis for altered cell function in various inherited red cell membrane disorders with reduced red cell survival and resulting hemolytic anemia. The current review summarizes these advances as they relate to defining the molecular and structural basis for disorders involving altered membrane structural organization (hereditary spherocytosis [HS] and hereditary elliptocytosis [HE]) and altered membrane transport function (hereditary overhydrated stomatocytosis and hereditary xerocytosis)...
May 2017: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427745/how-to-approach-the-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-prevention-plan-and-prudence
#6
REVIEW
Younsuck Koh
The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is typically manifested by refractory hypoxemia with high mortality. A correct diagnosis is the first step to achieve better outcomes. An early intervention to manage modifiable risk factors of ARDS development and the avoidance of aggravating factors that increase disease severity and progression should be carefully addressed. A management plan is necessary at an early stage of ARDS to determine the level of intensive care. It should be carefully decided which therapeutic measures should be performed depending on the patient׳s underlying clinical condition...
May 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409034/increased-intracranial-pressure-during-hemodialysis-in-a-patient-with-anoxic-brain-injury
#7
Anton Lund, Mette B Damholt, Ditte G Strange, Jesper Kelsen, Hasse Møller-Sørensen, Kirsten Møller
Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome (DDS) is a serious neurological complication of hemodialysis, and patients with acute brain injury are at increased risk. We report a case of DDS leading to intracranial hypertension in a patient with anoxic brain injury and discuss the subsequent dialysis strategy. A 13-year-old girl was admitted after prolonged resuscitation from cardiac arrest. Computed tomography (CT) revealed an inferior vena cava aneurysm and multiple pulmonary emboli as the likely cause. An intracranial pressure (ICP) monitor was inserted, and, on day 3, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) was initiated due to acute kidney injury, during which the patient developed severe intracranial hypertension...
2017: Case Reports in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396734/low-lean-tissue-mass-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-mortality-in-patients-with-stages-4-and-5-non-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Almudena Vega, Soraya Abad, Nicolás Macías, Inés Aragoncillo, Alba Santos, Isabel Galán, Santiago Cedeño, Juan Manuel López-Gómez
Background: Mortality in patients with stages 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) is higher than in the general population. Body composition predicts mortality. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of body composition on mortality in patients with stages 4 and 5 non-dialysis CKD. Methods: We performed a prospective study of 356 patients with stages 4 and 5 non-dialysis CKD. At baseline, we recorded general characteristics, history of cardiovascular events, body composition, serum inflammatory markers, nutrition and cardiac biomarkers...
April 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373014/the-combyn%C3%A2-ecg-adding-haemodynamic-and-fluid-leads-for-the-ecg-part-ii-prediction-of-total-body-water-tbw-extracellular-fluid-ecf-ecf-overload-fat-mass-fm-and-dry-appendicular-muscle-mass-appmm
#9
Falko Skrabal, Georg P Pichler, Mathias Penatzer, Johannes Steinbichl, Anna-Katharina Hanserl, Alfred Leis, Herbert Loibner
Simultaneous with a 12 channel ECG, body composition was analysed by segmental multi-frequency impedance analysis in 101 healthy subjects and in 118 patients with chronic heart failure (CHF, n= 40), chronic renal failure with haemodialysis (HD, n= 20), and miscellaneous internal diseases (n= 58). Whole body DXA and sodium bromide dilution were used as reference methods for total body water (TBW), extracellular fluid (ECF), appendicular muscle mass (AppMM) and fat mass (FM). Empirical prediction equations were developed in a randomized evaluation sample and then evaluated in unknowns...
March 31, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372500/clinical-significance-of-bioimpedance-spectroscopy-in-critically-ill-patients
#10
Shang-Feng Yang, Ching-Min Tseng, I-Fan Liu, Shin-Hung Tsai, Wein-Shung Kuo, Tien-Ping Tsao
BACKGROUND: Early fluid resuscitation is a key aspect in the successful management of critically ill patients, but the optimal goal for volume control after the acute stage of critical illness remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of bioimpedance spectrometry for fluid management in critically ill patients. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, patients who consented to participate were screened within the first 24 hours of admission to a medical intensive care unit (ICU) from February 4, 2015, to January 31, 2016...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333979/the-interaction-between-fluid-status-and-angiopoietin-2-in-adverse-renal-outcomes-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Yi-Chun Tsai, Yi-Wen Chiu, Hung-Tien Kuo, Jia-Jung Lee, Su-Chu Lee, Tzu-Hui Chen, Ming-Yen Lin, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Mei-Chuan Kuo, Ya-Ling Hsu, Hung-Chun Chen
BACKGROUND: Fluid overload is not only the characteristic but also an important complication in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Angiopoietin-2 (Angpt2) disturbs endothelium and vessel permeability, which may induce fluid overload. The aim of this study is to examine the interaction between fluid status and Angpt2 in adverse renal outcomes of CKD. METHODS: This cohort study enrolled 290 patients with CKD stages 3-5 from January 2011 to December 2011 and followed up until December 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265965/hypophosphatemia-nutritional-status-body-composition-and-mortality-in-hemodialysis-patients
#12
Cristina Garagarza, Ana Valente, Cristina Caetano, Telma Oliveira, Pedro Ponce, Ana Paula Silva
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between serum phosphate levels, clinical parameters, body composition, and mortality. METHODS: Multicenter longitudinal observational study of a cohort of 3552 patients in hemodialysis (HD) from 34 Nephrocare dialysis units in Portugal with 24 months of follow-up. Patients were divided into three groups depending on their serum phosphorus (<3.5; 3.5-5.5; >5.5 mg/dL). Statistical tests were performed with SPSS, version 20...
March 6, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161844/increased-plasma-level-of-catestatin-might-be-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-hemodialysis-patients
#13
Huaibin Sun, Wanhua Xian, Lina Geng, Engang Li, Zhiguo Peng, Jun Tian
PURPOSE: Cardiac complication is a major cause of death in hemodialysis patients. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between plasma catestatin level and cardiac death in those people. METHODS: A total of 330 maintenance hemodialysis patients were included. Blood samples were collected. Plasma catestatin level was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Fluid status of each patient was expressed by overhydration to total body weight ratio and daily diuresis...
February 4, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154199/skin-sodium-concentration-correlates-with-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-ckd
#14
Markus P Schneider, Ulrike Raff, Christoph Kopp, Johannes B Scheppach, Sebastian Toncar, Christoph Wanner, Georg Schlieper, Turgay Saritas, Jürgen Floege, Matthias Schmid, Anna Birukov, Anke Dahlmann, Peter Linz, Rolf Janka, Michael Uder, Roland E Schmieder, Jens M Titze, Kai-Uwe Eckardt
The pathogenesis of left ventricular hypertrophy in patients with CKD is incompletely understood. Sodium intake, which is usually assessed by measuring urinary sodium excretion, has been inconsistently linked with left ventricular hypertrophy. However, tissues such as skin and muscle may store sodium. Using (23)sodium-magnetic resonance imaging, a technique recently developed for the assessment of tissue sodium content in humans, we determined skin sodium content at the level of the calf in 99 patients with mild to moderate CKD (42 women; median [range] age, 65 [23-78] years)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145415/changes-in-serum-osmotic-pressure-following-haemodialysis-treatments-lead-to-changes-in-bioimpedance-spectroscopy-estimates-of-lean-and-adipose-tissue
#15
M Antonelou, S El-Kateb, N Davies, A Davenport
Haemodialysis (HD) patients are at risk of sarcopenia. Newer bioimpedance devices (BIS) using a three-compartmental body composition model, separate extracellular water overhydration from normo-hydrated lean tissue mass (LTM) and adipose tissue mass (ATM). During HD hydration status changes, along with changes in electrolytes and solutes, and may alter body composition measurements. As such, we measured BIS and serum osmotic pressure (sOP) pre- and post dialysis in 43 patients. There were no significant changes in LTM (39...
April 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118756/contribution-of-volume-overload-to-the-arterial-stiffness-of-hemodialysis-patients
#16
Łukasz Czyżewski, Janusz Wyzgał, Emilia Czyżewska, Janusz Sierdziński, Łukasz Szarpak
Arterial stiffness is evaluated with the measurement of pulse wave velocity (PWV), while overhydration (OH) and nutritional status are evaluated with bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS). In this study, we investigated the effect of a single dialysis session on arterial stiffness, hydration status, and laboratory parameters. The observational, cross-sectional, cohort study included 71 HD patients with mean age 64 ± 16 yrs. A Complior device was used to perform PWV measurements. The patients were examined immediately before and 15 min after a mid-week hemodialysis session...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033185/use-of-the-body-composition-monitor-for-fluid-status-measurements-in-elderly-malnourished-subjects
#17
David F Keane, Kim Bowra, Kathryn Kearney, Elizabeth Lindley
Most haemodialysis (HD) patients are able to finish dialysis at or below the normally hydrated weight determined using the body composition monitor (BCM). However, a minority become symptomatic when they are still fluid overloaded based on BCM-measured overhydration (OH). Malnourished patients frequently fall into this group, suggesting that they may have OH that is inaccessible to ultrafiltration. To isolate any effect of malnutrition on BCM-measured OH from those relating to renal failure, OH measurements for twenty elderly subjects with normal renal function who were classified as malnourished were compared with an age-matched cohort with no known nutritional issues...
December 26, 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965722/usefulness-of-ultrasound-imaging-in-overhydrated-nephropathic-patients
#18
F Simoni, N Vitturi, M Dugo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943170/comparison-of-multiple-fluid-status-assessment-methods-in-patients-on-chronic-hemodialysis
#19
Giannis Alexiadis, Stelios Panagoutsos, Stefanos Roumeliotis, Ilias Stibiris, Angelos Markos, Konstantia Kantartzi, Ploumis Passadakis
PURPOSE: Control of hydration status is an important constituent of adequate and efficient hemodialysis (HD) treatment. Nevertheless, there are no precise clinical indices for early recognition of small changes in fluid status of patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis therapy. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the widely used and reliable method of indexed inferior vena cava diameter (IVCDi) with established and more recently available techniques (bioelectrical impedance analysis [BIA], continuous blood volume monitoring [Crit-line], and the B-line score [BLS] with lung ultrasonography) for estimating the hydration status of patients on HD...
December 10, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939859/fluid-therapy-for-pediatric-patients
#20
REVIEW
Justine A Lee, Leah A Cohn
Young puppies and kittens have unique physiologic needs in regards to fluid therapy, which must address hydration, vascular fluid volume, electrolyte disturbances, or hypoglycemia. Pediatric patients have a higher fluid requirement compared with adults and can rapidly progress from mild dehydration to hypovolemia. Simultaneously, their small size makes overhydration a real possibility. Patient size complicates fluid administration because catheters used in larger pets may be difficult to place. Routes of fluid administration used in the neonate or pediatric patient include oral, subcutaneous, intraperitoneal, intraosseous, and intravenous...
March 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
keyword
keyword
48708
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"