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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549196/effects-of-enterococcus-faecium-slb-120-on-growth-performance-blood-parameters-relative-organ-weight-breast-muscle-meat-quality-excreta-microbiota-shedding-and-noxious-gas-emission-in-broilers
#1
R X Lan, S I Lee, I H Kim
This 5-week study was conducted to determine the effects of Enterococcus faecium (SLB 120) on growth performance, blood parameters, relative organ weight, breast muscle meat quality, excreta microbiota shedding, and noxious gas emission in broilers. A total of 816 one-day-old male broilers were allocated to 4 groups with 12 replications (17 broilers/pen) according to body weight (43.2 ± 0.32 g). Dietary treatment groups were: (1) CON, basal diet, (2) T1, CON + 0.05% E. faecium, (3) T2, CON + 0.10% E. faecium, (4) T3, CON + 0...
May 26, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549182/single-provenance-mature-conifers-show-higher-non-structural-carbohydrate-storage-and-reduced-growth-in-a-drier-location
#2
Frida I Piper, Alex Fajardo, Günter Hoch
Since growth is more sensitive to drought than photosynthesis, trees inhabiting dry regions are expected to exhibit higher carbohydrate storage and less growth than their conspecifics from more humid regions. However, the same pattern can be the result of different genotypes inhabiting contrasting humidity conditions. To test if reduced growth and high carbohydrate storage are environmentally driven by drought, we examined the growth and non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) concentrations in single-provenance stands of mature trees of Pinus contorta Douglas and Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex C...
May 26, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547377/the-excessive-enrichment-of-trace-elements-in-migratory-and-breeding-red-crowned-cranes-grus-japonensis-in-china
#3
Luo Jinming, Wang Yongjie, Gao Zhongyan, Wang Wenfeng
The excessive enrichment of trace elements, such as Pb and Cd, from food may contribute to the decline of migratory red-crowned cranes (Grus japonensis) in China. To test this prediction, we determined the concentrations of Pb and Cd, as well as further macro and trace elements (Ca, Mg, Cu, Zn) in the target species and their prey (sediment, reed root, mollusk, arthropods, and common fish species) in both the wintering (Yancheng wetland) and breeding sites (Zhalong wetland) of cranes in China. The maximum concentrations of Pb (130 mg kg(-1) dry weight (dw)) and Cd (10...
May 26, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545903/potential-of-fecal-waste-for-the-production-of-biomethane-bioethanol-and-biodiesel
#4
Mohamed A Gomaa, Raeid M M Abed
Fecal waste is an environmental burden that requires proper disposal, which ultimately becomes also an economic burden. Because fecal waste is nutrient-rich and contains a diverse methanogenic community, it has been utilized to produce biomethane via anaerobic digestion. Carbohydrates and lipids in fecal waste could reach up to 50% of the dry weight, which also suggests a potential as a feedstock for bioethanol and biodiesel production. We measured biomethane production from fecal waste of cows, chickens, goats and humans and compared the microbial community composition before and after anaerobic digestion...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545602/impacts-of-heronries-on-water-quality-as-evaluated-through-escherichia-coli-and-fecal-sterol-analyses
#5
Judlyn M Telesford-Checkley, Miguel A Mora, Terry J Gentry, Thomas J McDonald, Diane E Boellstorff
  The authors used fecal sterol analysis to determine the potential contribution of E. coli from heronries to waterbodies in east-central Texas. They analyzed E. coli and fecal sterol concentrations in samples from four heronries during the breeding seasons in 2011-2013. The highest E. coli concentrations were in water samples from the two largest heronries established directly over water. The main sterols in fecal samples were cholesterol and stigmasterol, and in water, cholesterol, coprostanol, and cholestanol...
June 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544833/how-heart-valves-evolve-to-adapt-to-an-extreme-pressure-system-morphologic-and-biomechanical-properties-of-giraffe-heart-valves
#6
Jonas Amstrup Funder, Carl Christian Danielsen, Ulrik Baandrup, Bo Martin Bibby, Ted Carl Andelius, Emil Toft Brøndum, Tobias Wang, J Michael Hasenkam
BACKGROUND: Heart valves which exist naturally in an extreme-pressure system must have evolved in a way to resist the stresses of high pressure. Giraffes are interesting as they naturally have a blood pressure twice that of humans. Thus, knowledge regarding giraffe heart valves may aid in developing techniques to design improved pressure-resistant biological heart valves. METHODS: Heart valves from 12 giraffes and 10 calves were explanted and subjected to either biomechanical or morphological examinations...
January 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544682/hypertension-induced-by-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-for-the-treatment-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-single-center-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Kentaro Nakai, Hideki Fujii, Keiji Kono, Shunsuke Goto, Shinichi Nishi
Malignancy is a major cause of mortality in dialysis patients. Although molecular-targeted anticancer drugs, including tyrosine-kinase inhibitors, are used for advanced renal cell carcinoma treatment, there are few reports on their effectiveness and safety in dialysis patients. Renal cell carcinoma dialysis patients treated at our hospital from 2010 to 2013 participated in this study. Thirteen patients were treated with tyrosine-kinase inhibitors and 15 patients with surgery only (control group). During treatment, blood pressure changes and dry weight reduction tended to be greater in the tyrosine-kinase inhibitor group than in controls...
May 23, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542572/arachidonic-acid-containing-phosphatidylcholine-increases-due-to-microglial-activation-in-ipsilateral-spinal-dorsal-horn-following-spared-sciatic-nerve-injury
#8
Tomohiro Banno, Takao Omura, Noritaka Masaki, Hideyuki Arima, Dongmin Xu, Ayako Okamoto, Michael Costigan, Alban Latremoliere, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Mitsutoshi Setou
Peripheral nerve injury induces substantial molecular changes in the somatosensory system that leads to maladaptive plasticity and cause neuropathic pain. Understanding the molecular pathways responsible for the development of neuropathic pain is essential to the development of novel rationally designed therapeutics. Although lipids make up to half of the dry weight of the spinal cord, their relation with the development of neuropathic pain is poorly understood. We aimed to elucidate the regulation of spinal lipids in response to neuropathic peripheral nerve injury in mice by utilizing matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry, which allows visualization of lipid distribution within the cord...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542293/identification-and-expression-analysis-of-starch-branching-enzymes-involved-in-starch-synthesis-during-the-development-of-chestnut-castanea-mollissima-blume-cotyledons
#9
Liangke Chen, Dan Lu, Teng Wang, Zhi Li, Yanyan Zhao, Yichen Jiang, Qing Zhang, Qingqin Cao, Kefeng Fang, Yu Xing, Ling Qin
Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima Blume) is native to China and distributes widely in arid and semi-arid mountain area with barren soil. As a perennial crop, chestnut is an alternative food source and acts as an important commercial nut tree in China. Starch is the major metabolite in nuts, accounting for 46 ~ 64% of the chestnut dry weight. The accumulation of total starch and amylopectin showed a similar increasing trend during the development of nut. Amylopectin contributed up to 76% of the total starch content at 80 days after pollination (DAP)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542267/discerning-morpho-anatomical-physiological-and-molecular-multiformity-in-cultivated-and-wild-genotypes-of-lentil-with-reconciliation-to-salinity-stress
#10
Dharmendra Singh, Chandan Kumar Singh, Shanti Kumari, Ram Sewak Singh Tomar, Sourabh Karwa, Rajendra Singh, Raja Bahadur Singh, Susheel Kumar Sarkar, Madan Pal
One hundred and sixty two genotypes of different Lens species were screened for salinity tolerance in hydroponics at 40, 80 and 120 mM sodium chloride (NaCl) for 30 d. The germination, seedling growth, biomass accumulation, seedling survivability, salinity scores, root and shoot anatomy, sodium ion (Na+), chloride ion (Cl-) and potassium ion (K+) concentrations, proline and antioxidant activities were measured to evaluate the performance of all the genotypes. The results were compared in respect of physiological (Na+, K+ and Cl-) and seed yield components obtained from field trials for salinity stress conducted during two years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541160/an-ergonomic-assessment-of-hospital-linen-bag-handling
#11
Erin Teeple, Jack T Dennerlein, Dean Hashimoto, Luis A Soto, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N Katz
The Joint Commission provides accreditation standards for staging hospital waste, but there are no federal lifting safety standards for linen bags. We evaluated hospital laundry bag lifting using the Revised National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Lifting Equation. We hypothesized that the permitted 32-gallon linen container capacity might allow filling to weights above our calculated Recommended Weight Limit (RWL) for some lifting positions and contents. We found that 30- and 40-gallon bags filled with loose dry linen had predicted weights within estimated RWLs only for lifts close to the body...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540893/comparison-of-intradialytic-hemodynamic-tolerance-between-on-line-hemodiafiltration-and-acetate-free-biofiltration-with-profiled-potassium-dialysate-concentration
#12
George Kosmadakis, Enrique Da Costa Correia, Frederic Somda, Didier Aguilera
Intradialytic hypotensive episodes are deleterious for hemodialysis (HD) patients. Acetate-free biofiltration with profiled potassium (AFBK) dialysate concentration may improve their cardiovascular stability. The aim of the present crossover study was to compare intradialytic hemodynamic tolerance and biological parameters between online hemodiafiltration (olHDF) and AFBK. Ten frail HD patients (8 males) with a mean age of 66.71- ± 12.31 years were studied for three months on olHDF and AFBK. There was a significant reduction of the hypotensive episodes during the AFBK period compared to the olHDF period...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540484/simultaneous-comparison-of-two-roller-compaction-techniques-and-two-particle-size-analysis-methods
#13
Tuomas Saarinen, Osmo Antikainen, Jouko Yliruusi
A new dry granulation technique, gas-assisted roller compaction (GARC), was compared with conventional roller compaction (CRC) by manufacturing 34 granulation batches. The process variables studied were roll pressure, roll speed, and sieve size of the conical mill. The main quality attributes measured were granule size and flow characteristics. Within granulations also the real applicability of two particle size analysis techniques, sieve analysis (SA) and fast imaging technique (Flashsizer, FS), was tested...
May 24, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539241/improving-of-lipid-productivity-of-the-oleaginous-microalgae-chlorella-pyrenoidosa-via-atmospheric-and-room-temperature-plasma-artp
#14
Song Cao, Xu Zhou, Wenbiao Jin, Feng Wang, Renjie Tu, Songfang Han, Hongyi Chen, Chuan Chen, Guo-Jun Xie, Fang Ma
In this study, an efficient screening program was established with ARTP. Five strains from oleaginous microalgae Chlorella pyrenoidosa were screened from mutant library after mutagenizing by ARTP. Among them, the optimal mutant strain was named as II-H6. In the BG11 medium, the OD680 of II-H6 in stationary phase were increased by 32.08% than the original strain. Meanwhile, compared with the original strain, the dry weight and lipid productivity of II-H6 were increased by 22.07% and 16.85%, respectively. II-H6 showed a good genetic stability in BG11 medium and the optimum growth temperature and pH were 33°C and 9...
May 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539055/phytochemical-screening-antioxidant-activity-total-phenolic-and-total-flavonoid-contents-of-seven-local-varieties-of-rosa-indica-l
#15
Kiran Zahid, Maqsood Ahmed, Farah Khan
Rosa indica symbol of godness and beauty known for various healing power, has astringent, sedative, anti-inflammatory and antidepressant qualities. Standard methods were used for qualitative detection of phyto-compounds, and quantitative detection of antioxidants was done using DPPH radical scavenging assay, total phenolics and total flavonoids content were expressed in mg GAE/g dry weight and mg QE/g dry weight. Results revealed phyto-compounds presence in all varieties under study however maximum % inhibition was observed by R...
May 25, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538627/early-heparin-administration-after-tbi-prolonged-cognitive-recovery-associated-with-reduced-cerebral-edema-and-neutrophil-sequestration
#16
Katsuhiro Nagata, Kevin D Browne, Yujin Suto, Kenichiro Kumasaka, John Cognetti, Victoria E Johnson, Joshua Marks, Douglas H Smith, Jose L Pascual
BACKGROUND: Early administration of unfractionated heparin (UFH) after TBI reduces early in vivo circulating leukocytes (LEU) in peri-injury penumbral brain tissue, enhancing cognitive recovery 2 days after injury. It remains unclear how long this effect lasts and if this is related to persistently accumulating LEU in penumbral brain tissue. We hypothesized that UFH reduces LEU brain tissue sequestration resulting in prolonged cognitive recovery. METHODS: CD1 male mice underwent either TBI by controlled cortical impact (CCI) or sham craniotomy...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537731/reaction-of-spring-barley-and-common-radish-on-the-introduction-of-ionic-liquids-containing-asymmetric-cations-to-the-soil
#17
Barbara Pawłowska, Arkadiusz Telesiński, Maciej Płatkowski, Michał Stręk, Martyna Śnioszek, Robert Biczak
The harmful effect of ionic liquids (ILs) on the environment is one of the important elements of scientific research conducted around the world. This study presents the effect of ionic liquids, containing the asymmetric cations benzyltrimethylammonium chloride [BenzTMA][Cl] and benzyltriethylammonium chloride[BenzTEA][Cl], on physiological and biochemical changes in common radish plants and spring barley seedlings. The examined ILs demonstrated low toxicity to higher plants. A compound that exhibiting higher phytotoxicity to these plant species was [BenzTMA][Cl]...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536596/sorghum-landrace-collections-from-cooler-regions-of-the-world-exhibit-magnificent-genetic-differentiation-and-early-season-cold-tolerance
#18
Frank Maulana, Dilooshi Weerasooriya, Tesfaye Tesso
Cold temperature is an important abiotic stress affecting sorghum production in temperate regions. It reduces seed germination, seedling emergence and seedling vigor thus limiting the production of the crop both temporally and spatially. The objectives of this study were (1) to assess early season cold temperature stress response of sorghum germplasm from cooler environments and identify sources of tolerance for use in breeding programs, (2) to determine population structure and marker-trait association among these germplasms for eventual development of marker tools for improving cold tolerance...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536581/optimization-of-nitrogen-rate-and-planting-density-for-improving-yield-nitrogen-use-efficiency-and-lodging-resistance-in-oilseed-rape
#19
Shahbaz Khan, Sumera Anwar, Jie Kuai, Sana Ullah, Shah Fahad, Guangsheng Zhou
Yield and lodging related traits are essential for improving rapeseed production. The objective of the present study was to investigate the influence of plant density (D) and nitrogen (N) rates on morphological and physiological traits related to yield and lodging in rapeseed. We evaluated Huayouza 9 for two consecutive growing seasons (2014-2016) under three plant densities (LD, 10 plants m(-2); MD, 30 plants m(-2); HD, 60 plants m(-2)) and four N rates (0, 60, 120, and 180 kg ha(-1)). Experiment was laid out in split plot design using density as a main factor and N as sub-plot factor with three replications each...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535686/development-and-characterization-of-a-stable-adhesive-bond-between-a-poly-dimethylsiloxane-catheter-material-and-a-bacterial-biofilm-resistant-acrylate-polymer-coating
#20
Bonnie J Tyler, Andrew Hook, Andreas Pelster, Paul Williams, Morgan Alexander, Heinrich F Arlinghaus
Catheter associated urinary tract infections are the most common health related infections worldwide, contributing significantly to patient morbidity and mortality and increased health care costs. To reduce the incidence of these infections, new materials that resist bacterial biofilm formation are needed. A composite catheter material, consisting of bulk poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) coated with a novel bacterial biofilm resistant polyacrylate [ethylene glycol dicyclopentenyl ether acrylate (EGDPEA)-co-di(ethyleneglycol) methyl ether methacrylate (DEGMA)], has been proposed...
May 23, 2017: Biointerphases
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