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Pancreatic pseudocyst

Gleim Dias de Souza, Luciana Rodrigues Queiroz Souza, Ronaldo Máfia Cuenca, Bárbara Stephane de Medeiros Jerônimo, Guilherme Medeiros de Souza, Vinícius Martins Vilela
Introduction: Contrast computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are widely used due to its image quality and ability to study pancreatic and peripancreatic morphology. The understanding of the various subtypes of the disease and identification of possible complications requires a familiarity with the terminology, which allows effective communication between the different members of the multidisciplinary team. Aim: Demonstrate the terminology and parameters to identify the different classifications and findings of the disease based on the international consensus for acute pancreatitis ( Atlanta Classification 2012)...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Byung Kwon Chong, Jae Kwang Yun, Joon Bum Kim, Do Hyun Park
The formation of aortic thrombi is an extremely rare complication of acute pancreatitis. Here we report a case of acute pancreatitis complicated by a paraesophageal pseudocyst, necrotizing mediastinitis, and the formation of multiple thrombi in the ascending aorta. The patient was successfully treated by surgical therapy, which included extensive debridement of the mediastinum and removal of the aortic thrombi under cardiopulmonary bypass. Although esophageal resection was not carried out concomitantly, the lesions were resolved and the patient remained free of complications over 2 years of follow-up care...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Sushil Kumar Mishra, Pawan Kumar Jain, Sukhdev Gupta
Pseudocyst is a common complication of Acute and chronic pancreatitis. However, its extension into the mediastinum is a rare entity. We present a case of 52 years male with acute on chronic pancreatitis (alcohol related) who presented with dysphagia and dyspnoea and was found to have a pancreatic pseudocyst extending upto the neck. Ultrasound fails to pick up mediastinal pseudocysts and requires additional imaging modalities - CT and MRI. Management of Mediastinal pseudocyst depends upon underlying etiology, ductal anatomy, size of the pseudocyst, and availability of expertise...
March 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Ke-Kang Sun, Song Xu, Jinzhen Chen, Gang Liu, Xiaojun Shen, Xiaoyang Wu
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are mesenchymal neoplasms that arise in the gastrointestinal tract, accounting for ~1% of gastric malignancies. The present study reports the case of a GIST of the stomach in a 75-year-old man who presented with abdominal distension and anorexia for 1 month. Gastroscopy was unremarkable. Ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) scans showed a giant intraabdominal cystic lesion of unknown origin. The lesion was initially believed to be a duplication cyst, a pancreatic pseudocyst or a liver cyst in the pre-operative diagnosis...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Georgia Dedemadi, Manolis Nikolopoulos, Ioannis Kalaitzopoulos, George Sgourakis
Cholelithiasis is the most common cause of acute pancreatitis, accounting 35%-60% of cases. Around 15%-20% of patients suffer a severe attack with high morbidity and mortality rates. As far as treatment is concerned, the optimum method of late management of patients with severe acute biliary pancreatitis is still contentious and the main question is over the correct timing of every intervention. Patients after recovering from an acute episode of severe biliary pancreatitis can be offered alternative options in their management, including cholecystectomy, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and sphincterotomy, or no definitive treatment...
September 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Cristina Fernández de Castro, Ángel Cañete, Eduardo Sanz de Villalobos, Reyes Ferreiro, Agustín Albillos Martínez, Enrique Vázquez Sequeiros
Interventional endoscopy is a field that continues to grow rapidly. A novel prototype forward-viewing echoendoscope (FV-EUS) has been recently developed in an attempt to overcome some of the limitations of conventional curved linear-array echoendoscopes (OV-EUS). We present a case of a successful endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage of a pancreatic pseudocyst using a forward-viewing echoendoscope. Although the utilization use of this newly developed echoendoscope has not yet become widespread, its unique characteristics can help to easily perform routine therapeutic procedures and contribute to the expansion of interventional endoscopic utrasoundultrasound...
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Krzysztof Dąbkowski, Andrzej Białek, Maciej Kukla, Janusz Wójcik, Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Tomasz Grodzki, Teresa Starzyńska
Mediastinal pseudocysts are a rare complication of acute pancreatitis. Lack of uniform treatment standards makes the management of this condition a clinical challenge. We report the case of a 43-year-old patient who presented with a left pleural effusion. Pleural fluid revealed a high amylase concentration consistent with a pancreaticopleural fistula. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) revealed a disruption of the pancreatic duct with free outflow of contrast medium into the thoracic cavity...
September 13, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
Lyn A Smith, Colin J McKay
The widespread use of cross-sectional imaging has led to an increased frequency of incidentally detected pancreatic cysts. Neoplastic cysts such as mucinous lesions and solid pseudo-papillary neoplasms have malignant potential and therefore the early detection of these lesions presents an opportunity for prevention or early detection and management of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Serous neoplastic lesions and non-neoplastic pancreatic cysts such as pseudocysts or walled off pancreatic necrosis and are not associated with malignant potential...
December 2016: Minerva Medica
Michail Papamichail, Amir Ali, Michail Pizanias, Praveen Peddu, John Karani, Nigel Heaton
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Resection or enucleation is currently the treatment of choice for small pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Irreversible electroporation is a novel ablative method that is used for locally advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma, but little data exists for its use for pancreatic NETs. We report an early experience of IRE for early pancreatic NETs. METHODS: Between April 2014 and March 2015, 3 patients with small (<2 cm) pancreatic NETs were treated with percutaneous IRE...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Surgery
A Doussot, T Perrin, P Rat, O Facy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Li-Na Dai, Ying-Wei Chen, Wei-Hui Yan, Li-Na Lu, Yi-Jing Tao, Wei Cai
BACKGROUND: Hereditary pancreatitis (HP) is quite rare and is distinguished by incomplete penetrance presentation as early-onset relapsing pancreatitis, usually beginning in childhood. HP is now known to be commonly relevant to mutations in the PRSS1 (gene-encoding cationic trypsinogen), SPINK1 (serine protease inhibitor, Kazal type 1), CFTR (cystic fibrosis), carboxypeptidase A1 (CPA1), and chymotrypsin C (CTRC) genes as reported in some Caucasian studies. HP has a variable spectrum of severity and may develop complications...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Izumi Kirino, Yasuhiro Fujimoto, Koichiro Hata, Shinji Uemoto
The role of liver transplantation (LT) in acute liver failure (ALF) complicated by severe acute pancreatitis is still unclear. We here report a case of deceased-donor LT for idiopathic ALF accompanied by severe acute pancreatitis. A 58-year-old man with no history of liver disease presented with idiopathic ALF and acute pancreatitis. After careful consideration, he received a liver from a deceased donor. Following surgery, the patient's liver function rapidly reverted to normal level and the acute pancreatitis simultaneously subsided...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Suman B Koganti, Ravikanth Kongara, Sateesh Boddepalli, Naushad Shaik Mohammad, Venumadhav Thumma, Bheerappa Nagari, R A Sastry
INTRODUCTION: Although surgery is the preferred treatment for grade III&IV pancreatic trauma, there is a growing movement for non-operative management. in blunt pancreatic trauma. Very few studies compare operative versus non-operative management in adult patients. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database was performed from 2004 to 2013 in the department of gastrointestinal surgery, NIMS, Hyderabad. Comparative analysis was performed between patients who failed versus those who were successfully managed with non-operative management...
September 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Takanobu Hirosawa, Taro Shimizu, Takuya Isegawa, Mayo Tanabe
Pancreaticopleural fistula is an uncommon complication of chronic pancreatitis. The authors described a case of a man with medical history of alcohol-related chronic pancreatitis, presented with dyspnoea. The roentgenogram showed a massive left pleural effusion. Additional work-up revealed a pancreaticopleural fistula and amylase-rich pleural effusion. His respiratory state improved after the insertion of chest drainage tube. During his admission, conservative and endoscopic therapy was required for the treatment of his complication of mediastinal abscess and arterial aneurysm in the pancreatic pseudocyst...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Zeeshan Ahmed, Sanjeev Chhabra, Ashish Massey, Vikesh Vij, Rahul Yadav, Rajendra Bugalia, Jeevan Kankaria, Raj K Jenaw
INTRODUCTION: Hydatid disease is caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. It most commonly affects the liver and lung. Pancreatic hydatid cyst (PHC) is very rare with incidence of 0.14%-2%. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 40year old lady presented with epigastric pain for last 3 months. A 5×5cm abdominal lump occupying the epigastric and left hypochondrial region was noted on physical examination. Ultrasonography (USG) and Contrast enhanced Computed Tomogrpahy (CT) revealed a 55×57mm cystic structure in the pancreatic body...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Libing Xiang, Yunxia Tu, Tiancong He, Xuxia Shen, Ziting Li, Xiaohua Wu, Huijuan Yang
OBJECTIVE: Distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy may be required for optimal cytoreductive surgery in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) metastasized to splenic hilum. This study evaluates the morbidity and treatment outcomes of the uncommon procedure in the management of advanced or recurrent EOC. METHODS: This study recruited 18 patients who underwent distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy during cytoreductive surgery of EOC. Their clinicopathological characteristics and follow-up data were retrospectively analyzed...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Fernando Peixoto Ferraz de Campos, Tiago Borges Guimarães, Silvana Maria Lovisolo
Raoultella planticola is an aerobic Gram-negative bacterium belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family. Initially identified in the 1980s, its pathogenic potential was further recognized when the first case of bacteremia was reported. Since then, only a few infections caused by this pathogen have been described. Although considered an opportunistic agent, fatal outcomes are associated with the infection by this pathogen, since it is more prevalent among the patients with immunodeficiency. The authors report the case of a middle-aged man diagnosed with end-stage renal disease and alcoholic pancreatitis, who was admitted to the emergency department with septic shock...
April 2016: Autopsy & case reports
Brian K Theisen, Abigail I Wald, Aatur D Singhi
Within the past few decades, there has been a dramatic increase in the detection of incidental pancreatic cysts. It is reported a pancreatic cyst is identified in up to 2.6% of abdominal scans. Many of these cysts, including serous cystadenomas and pseudocysts, are benign and can be monitored clinically. In contrast, mucinous cysts, which include intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms and mucinous cystic neoplasms, have the potential to progress to pancreatic adenocarcinoma. In this review, we discuss the current management guidelines for pancreatic cysts, their underlying genetics, and the integration of molecular testing in cyst classification and prognostication...
September 2016: Surgical Pathology Clinics
Abdurrahman Kadayifci, Mustafa Atar, Jessica L Wang, David G Forcione, Brenna W Casey, Martha B Pitman, William R Brugge
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Molecular analysis of pancreatic cyst fluid (PCF) has been proposed as a novel method for differentiating pancreatic cystic lesions (PCL). The present study aimed to investigate the value of GNAS testing when added to KRAS and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) testing of PCF for the diagnosis of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN). METHODS: Prospectively collected endoscopic ultrasonography fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) data were analyzed retrospectively for GNAS and KRAS mutations and CEA results...
August 11, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Stell Patadji, Joshua Pantanowitz, Natalie M Perlov, Sara E Monaco
INTRODUCTION: Arborizing stromal meshwork fragments (ASMFs) have been proposed as a useful clue to differentiate mucin associated with mucinous adenocarcinoma from contaminating mucus during endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration. Our aim was to retrospectively review cytology cases with mucinous material to determine the utility of ASMFs in diagnosing mucinous tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Diff-Quik stained smears from archival cytology cases (N = 40) were reviewed, including adenocarcinomas with mucinous features, cystic mucinous neoplasms, and control cases with mucin contamination...
October 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
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