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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434173/the-effect-of-resilience-on-task-persistence-and-performance-during-repeated-exposure-to-heat-pain
#1
P Maxwell Slepian, Christopher R France
The Pain Resilience Scale was recently developed to assess dimensions of resilience critical to pain-related adaptation and was found to predict experimental pain sensitivity in a pain-free population. Pain resilience has also been theoretically linked to behavioral persistence despite pain. To date, however, this hypothesis has not been experimentally tested. To address this gap in the literature, in the current study 105 healthy young adults underwent a baseline administration of the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT), a stressful mental arithmetic task, delivered with somatosensory distraction (i...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434094/a-systematic-review-of-psychosocial-interventions-for-colorectal-cancer-patients
#2
REVIEW
Catherine E Mosher, Joseph G Winger, Barbara A Given, Safi Shahda, Paul R Helft
PURPOSE: A significant minority of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients experience clinically meaningful distress that may warrant intervention. The goal of this systematic review was to assess the impact of psychosocial interventions on quality-of-life and psychosocial outcomes for CRC patients. METHODS: A systematic search of CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and PsycARTICLES was undertaken to obtain relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published through October 2016...
April 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434092/cyberbullying-victimization-and-adolescent-mental-health-evidence-of-differential-effects-by-sex-and-mental-health-problem-type
#3
Soyeon Kim, Scott R Colwell, Anna Kata, Michael H Boyle, Katholiki Georgiades
The use of electronic communication technologies has become a core method for adolescent communication. While there are many benefits to such technologies, cyberbullying has emerged as a potential harm. This study examines the association between cyberbullying and adolescent mental health problems and the extent to which this association differs by sex and mental health problem type. A clustered sample of 31,148 students in grades 6-12 (Female = 51.9%; 56.5% Caucasian, 10.2% South Asian) completed an anonymous survey asking their frequency of exposure to traditional forms of bullying, cyberbullying, and experiences of mental health problems over the past 6 months...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434058/medical-conditions-in-the-first-years-of-life-associated-with-future-diagnosis-of-asd-in-children
#4
Stacey E Alexeeff, Vincent Yau, Yinge Qian, Meghan Davignon, Frances Lynch, Phillip Crawford, Robert Davis, Lisa A Croen
This study examines medical conditions diagnosed prior to the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Using a matched case control design with 3911 ASD cases and 38,609 controls, we found that 38 out of 79 medical conditions were associated with increased ASD risk. Developmental delay, mental health, and neurology conditions had the strongest associations (ORs 2.0-23.3). Moderately strong associations were observed for nutrition, genetic, ear nose and throat, and sleep conditions (ORs 2.1-3.2). Using machine learning methods, we clustered children based on their medical conditions prior to ASD diagnosis and demonstrated ASD risk stratification...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434043/early-whole-brain-radiotherapy-in-primary-cns-lymphoma-negative-impact-on-quality-of-life-in-the-randomized-g-pcnsl-sg1-trial
#5
Ulrich Herrlinger, Niklas Schäfer, Rolf Fimmers, Frank Griesinger, Michael Rauch, Heinz Kirchen, Patrick Roth, Martin Glas, Michael Bamberg, Peter Martus, Eckhard Thiel, Agnieszka Korfel, Michael Weller
PURPOSE: In the randomized G-PCNSL-SG-1 trial, the addition of whole brain radiotherapy (45 Gy) to high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX)-based chemotherapy (early WBRT arm) did not prolong overall survival (OS) as compared to HD-MTX-based chemotherapy alone (no early WBRT arm) in primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) patients. To determine whether WBRT might lead to quality of life (QoL)-relevant late neurotoxicity, this trial prospectively monitored QoL. METHODS: QoL measurements were performed using the EORTC-QLQ-C30 and BN20 questionnaires and combined with repeated Mini Mental State Examinations (MMSE)...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434016/chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-mood-disturbance
#6
S E Erskine, C Hopkins, A Clark, S Anari, A Robertson, S Sunkaraneni, J A Wilson, J Beezhold, C M Philpott
BACKGROUND: This study is part of the Chronic Rhinosinusitis Epidemiology Study (CRES). The overarching aim is to determine factors that influence the onset and severity of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). The aim of this analysis is to determine whether those with CRS are more likely to report psychiatric morbidity and in particular mood disturbance compared with healthy controls. METHODS: CRES consists of a study-specific questionnaire regarding demographic and socioeconomic factors and past medical history as well as a nasal symptom score (SNOT-22) and SF-36 (QoL - quality of life tool)...
April 23, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433964/ethical-management-of-substance-use-disorders-the-indian-scenario
#7
Arpit Parmar, Vaibhav Patil, Siddharth Sarkar
Substance use disorders are among the most prevalent and emergent public health problems in India. The treatment of individuals with these disorders is associated with many ethical dilemmas. Due to the pervasiveness of substance use disorders, the majority of mental health professionals working in the area of addiction medicine face several ethical dilemmas. When discussing substance use disorders, it must be borne in mind that there are important differences between India and the western countries in terms of the social and cultural aspects, as well as the legislative framework and healthcare delivery system...
April 4, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433962/ten-minute-snapshots-a-team-approach-to-teaching-postgraduates-about-professional-dilemmas
#8
Prabha S Chandra, G Ragesh, Santosh K Chaturvedi
As medical professionals, most of us face professional dilemmas that catch us unawares and are not discussed in medical training. One often learns about these dilemmas on one's own and deals with them with a common sense approach, rather than reflection. The professional dilemmas may concern receiving gifts from patients, handling issues of confidentiality or dealing with personal questions. There is seldom any formal instruction in competencies related to professionalism, especially in India. We adopted a team approach to provide training in these issues to postgraduate trainees in mental health and to engage them in discussion, using team feedback on snapshots of real-life professional situations, which were simulated through role play...
April 12, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433887/effects-of-clay-art-therapy-on-adults-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Joshua K M Nan, Rainbow T H Ho
BACKGROUND: Depression has become a critical global health problem, affecting millions of people. Cost-effective nonpharmacological treatment in community settings has been proposed to complement medical treatment. Short-term clay art therapy (CAT) is an alternative treatment that promotes the enhancement of various aspects of mental health for depressed individuals. METHODS: One-hundred and six adults with depression were randomized into a CAT group or visual art (VA) control group for six 2...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433615/digital-technology-for-treating-and-preventing-mental-disorders-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
John A Naslund, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Ricardo Araya, Lisa A Marsch, Jürgen Unützer, Vikram Patel, Stephen J Bartels
Few individuals living with mental disorders around the globe have access to mental health care, yet most have access to a mobile phone. Digital technology holds promise for improving access to, and quality of, mental health care. We reviewed evidence on the use of mobile, online, and other remote technologies for treatment and prevention of mental disorders in low-income and middle-income countries. Of the 49 studies identified, most were preliminary evaluations of feasibility and acceptability. The findings were promising, showing the potential effectiveness of online, text-messaging, and telephone support interventions...
April 19, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433501/disrupted-in-schizophrenia-1-regulates-the-processing-of-reelin-in-the-perinatal-cortex
#11
Nicholas J Bradshaw, Svenja V Trossbach, Sabrina Köber, Susanne Walter, Ingrid Prikulis, Sascha Weggen, Carsten Korth
Disrupted in Schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) is a prominent gene in mental illness research, encoding a scaffold protein known to be of importance in the developing cerebral cortex. Reelin is a critical extracellular protein for development and lamination of the prenatal cortex and which has also been independently implicated in mental illness. Regulation of reelin activity occurs through processing by the metalloproteinases ADAMTS-4 and ADAMTS-5. Through cross-breeding of heterozygous transgenic DISC1 mice with heterozygous reeler mice, which have reduced reelin, pups heterozygous for both phenotypes were generated...
April 19, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433442/strabismus-and-mental-disorders-among-israeli-adolescents
#12
Ilan Merdler, Moshe Giladi, Nir Sorkin, Shachar Shapira, Eran Galili, Alexander Margulis, Tzfanya Korach, Ayal Hassidim
PURPOSE: To assess the association between strabismus and mental disorders in adolescents. METHODS: This case-control study included 662,641 Israeli teenagers that underwent medical evaluation by the Israel Defense Force as part of the preconscription assessment between 2005 and 2013. The association between common mental disorders (anxiety disorder, mood disorder, adjustment disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]) and either uncorrected strabismus or corrected strabismus was examined...
April 19, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433259/building-the-foundations-for-sustainable-development-a-case-for-global-investment-in-the-capabilities-of-adolescents
#13
Peter Sheehan, Kim Sweeny, Bruce Rasmussen, Annababette Wils, Howard S Friedman, Jacqueline Mahon, George C Patton, Susan M Sawyer, Eric Howard, John Symons, Karin Stenberg, Satvika Chalasani, Neelam Maharaj, Nicola Reavley, Hui Shi, Masha Fridman, Alison Welsh, Emeka Nsofor, Laura Laski
Investment in the capabilities of the world's 1·2 billion adolescents is vital to the UN's Sustainable Development Agenda. We examined investments in countries of low income, lower-middle income, and upper-middle income covering the majority of these adolescents globally to derive estimates of investment returns given existing knowledge. The costs and effects of the interventions were estimated by adapting existing models and by extending methods to create new modelling tools. Benefits were valued in terms of increased gross domestic product and averted social costs...
April 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433089/accuracy-of-achenbach-scales-in-the-screening-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-a-community-mental-health-clinic
#14
Joseph S Raiker, Andrew J Freeman, Guillermo Perez-Algorta, Thomas W Frazier, Robert L Findling, Eric A Youngstrom
OBJECTIVE: To use receiver-operating characteristics analysis to identify multilevel diagnostic likelihood ratios and provide a framework for the diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children (5-10 years old) and adolescents (11-18 years old) in an outpatient setting. METHOD: Caregiver, teacher, and youth reports from the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA) were obtained for 299 children and 321 adolescents with multiple imputation of missing data...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432933/-non-symbolic-magnitude-processing-in-children-with-mathematical-difficulties-a-meta-analysis
#15
Christin Schwenk, Delphine Sasanguie, Jörg-Tobias Kuhn, Sophia Kempe, Philipp Doebler, Heinz Holling
Symbolic and non-symbolic magnitude representations, measured by digit or dot comparison tasks, are assumed to underlie the development of arithmetic skills. The comparison distance effect (CDE) has been suggested as a hallmark of the preciseness of mental magnitude representations. It implies that two magnitudes are harder to discriminate when the numerical distance between them is small, and may therefore differ in children with mathematical difficulties (MD), i.e., low mathematical achievement or dyscalculia...
April 19, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432781/cognitive-functioning-and-emotion-processing-in-breast-cancer-survivors-and-controls-an-erp-pilot-study
#16
Janine Wirkner, Mathias Weymar, Andreas Löw, Carmen Hamm, Anne-Marie Struck, Clemens Kirschbaum, Alfons O Hamm
Diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer is a very emotionally aversive and stressful life event, which can lead to impaired cognitive functioning and mental health. Breast cancer survivors responding with repressive emotion regulation strategies often show less adaptive coping and adverse outcomes. We investigated cognitive functioning and neural correlates of emotion processing using ERPs. Self-report measures of depression, anxiety, and fatigue, as well as hair cortisol as an index of chronic stress, were assessed...
April 22, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432778/cross-species-studies-of-cognition-relevant-to-drug-discovery-a-translational-approach
#17
REVIEW
T W Robbins
This Review advances the case that bidirectional, cross-species translation of findings from experimental animals to and from humans is an important strategy for drug discovery. Animal models of mental disorders require appropriate behavioural or cognitive outcome variables that can be generalized cross-species. One example is the treatment of impulsive behaviour in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with stimulant drugs. Performance on the stop signal reaction task as an index of impulsivity is improved both in healthy human volunteers and in patients with adult ADHD by stimulant drugs and also by the selective noradrenergic reuptake blocker atomoxetine...
April 22, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432638/community-gardens-as-environmental-health-interventions-benefits-versus-potential-risks
#18
REVIEW
W K Al-Delaimy, M Webb
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper was to summarize current findings on community gardens relevant to three specific areas of interest as follows: (1) health benefits, (2) garden interventions in developing versus developed countries, and (3) the concerns and risks of community gardening. RECENT FINDINGS: Community gardens are a reemerging phenomenon in many low- and high-income urban neighborhoods to address the common risk factors of modern lifestyle...
April 21, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432384/the-probability-of-object-scene-co-occurrence-influences-object-identification-processes
#19
Geneviève Sauvé, Mariane Harmand, Léa Vanni, Mathieu B Brodeur
Contextual information allows the human brain to make predictions about the identity of objects that might be seen and irregularities between an object and its background slow down perception and identification processes. Bar and colleagues modeled the mechanisms underlying this beneficial effect suggesting that the brain stocks information about the statistical regularities of object and scene co-occurrence. Their model suggests that these recurring regularities could be conceptualized along a continuum in which the probability of seeing an object within a given scene can be high (probable condition), moderate (improbable condition) or null (impossible condition)...
April 21, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432297/high-probability-of-comorbidities-in-bronchial-asthma-in-germany
#20
S Heck, S Al-Shobash, D Rapp, D D Le, A Omlor, A Bekhit, M Flaig, B Al-Kadah, W Herian, R Bals, S Wagenpfeil, Q T Dinh
Clinical experience has shown that allergic and non-allergic respiratory, metabolic, mental, and cardiovascular disorders sometimes coexist with bronchial asthma. However, no study has been carried out that calculates the chance of manifestation of these disorders with bronchial asthma in Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Using ICD10 diagnoses from health care institutions, the present study systematically analyzed the co-prevalence and odds ratios of comorbidities in the asthma population in Germany...
April 21, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
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