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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145715/effect-of-social-support-and-disclosure-of-child-abuse-on-adult-suicidal-ideation-findings-from-a-population-based-study
#1
Philip Baiden, Barbara Fallon, Kofi Antwi-Boasiako
Background: To examine the proportion of Canadian adults with a history of child abuse who disclosed the abuse to child protection services before age 16 years and identify the effect of social support and disclosure of child abuse on lifetime suicidal ideation. Methods: Data for this study came from the Statistics Canada 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (N = 9,076). Binary logistic regression was conducted to identify the effect of social support and disclosure of child abuse on suicidal ideation while simultaneously adjusting for the effect of type of child abuse and demographic, socioeconomic, health, and mental health factors...
November 16, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145693/early-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-in-preterm-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#2
REVIEW
Arne Ohlsson, Sanjay M Aher
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants have low plasma levels of erythropoietin (EPO), providing a rationale for the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) to prevent or treat anaemia and to provide neuro protection and protection against necrotising enterocolitis (NEC). Darbepoetin (Darbe) and EPO are currently available ESAs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of ESAs (erythropoietin (EPO) and/or Darbe) initiated early (before eight days after birth) compared with placebo or no intervention in reducing red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, adverse neurological outcomes, and feeding intolerance including necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm and/or low birth weight infants...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145440/the-relationship-between-shift-work-and-mental-health-among-electronics-workers-in-south-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mo-Yeol Kang, Ho-Jang Kwon, Kyung-Hwa Choi, Chung-Won Kang, Hyunjoo Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between shift work and mental health, particularly insomnia, depression, and suicidal ideation, among electronics production workers. METHODS: A survey was conducted with 14,226 workers from an electronics manufacturer in South Korea. After excluding 112 individuals with incomplete responses, 14,114 respondents were analyzed. As part of a larger project, we collected data on respondents' general characteristics, work-related characteristics, and health status; however, in this study, we focused on the data related to shift work and mental health...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145419/attitudes-to-mental-illness-among-mental-health-professionals-in-singapore-and-comparisons-with-the-general-population
#4
Qi Yuan, Louisa Picco, Sherilyn Chang, Edimansyah Abdin, Boon Yiang Chua, Samantha Ong, Kah Lai Yow, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Similar to the general public, mental health professionals sometimes also have negative attitudes towards individuals with mental illness; which could ultimately affect the quality of care received by the patients. This study aims to explore attitudes to mental illness among mental health professionals in Singapore; make comparisons with the general population; and investigate the significant correlates. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. Eligible participants were recruited from the Institute of Mental Health, Singapore...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145297/therapeutic-effect-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-combined-with-curettage-to-treat-distal-femoral-osteosarcoma-a-case-report
#5
Qi Lai, Conglin Ye, Tian Gao, Jun Xiao, An Xie, Xuqiang Liu, Xiaolong Yu, Jun Liu, Min Dai, Hucheng Liu, Bin Zhang
RATIONALE: Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents. Metastasis occurs early, the mortality rate is high, and the tumor results in a tremendous physical, mental, and economic burden on patients. Therefore, the treatment of osteosarcoma has been important for orthopedic surgeons. However, treatment has always been a difficult problem globally. PATIENT CONCERN: We present the case of a 22-year-old girl with increasing local pain in the distal left thigh...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145277/tricho-hepato-enteric-syndrome-with-novel-skiv2l-gene-mutations-a-case-report
#6
Eitaro Hiejima, Takahiro Yasumi, Hiroshi Nakase, Minoru Matsuura, Yusuke Honzawa, Hirokazu Higuchi, Ikuo Okafuji, Tohru Yorifuji, Takayuki Tanaka, Kazushi Izawa, Tomoki Kawai, Ryuta Nishikomori, Toshio Heike
RATIONALE: Tricho-hepato-enteric syndrome (THES) is a rare disorder caused by mutations in the TTC37 or SKIV2L genes and characterized by chronic diarrhea, liver disease, hair abnormalities, and high mortality in early childhood due to severe infection or liver cirrhosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient is the second child of three siblings born to non-consanguineous healthy Japanese parents. She had intrauterine growth retardation and was delivered at 33 weeks of gestation due to placental abruption...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145203/evaluation-of-mental-disorders-using-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-in-dialysis-and-predialysis-patients
#7
Chun-Yun Zhang, Ying Chen, Shan Chen, Xiang-Chuang Kong, Yuan Liu, Chao-Qun You, Cheng Wan, Philip A Bondzie, Hua Su, Chun Zhang, Fang-Fang He
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Psychological complications are prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study aimed to investigate mental disorders in stage 4-5 CKD patients, to detect metabolite concentrations in the brain by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) and to compare the effects of different dialysis therapies on mental disorders in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: The sample population was made up of predialysis (13), hemodialysis (HD) (13), and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients (12)...
November 21, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145190/charles-bonnet-syndrome-and-other-hallucinatory-phenomena
#8
François Boller, Daniel S Birnbaum, Nicoletta Caputi
Descriptions of hallucinatory phenomena have figured prominently since the beginning of recorded history. Jean Etienne Esquirol (1772-1840) is usually credited for having introduced the term in 1817, differentiating between hallucinations and illusions. Both are wrong perceptions, but in illusions, an external stimulus is always present whereas hallucinations are perceptions that occur in the absence of corresponding sensory stimuli. They occur in a variety of conditions but more often in the mentally ill, especially in schizophrenia where hallucinations, particularly auditory hallucinations represent for many, such as Henri Ey one of the cardinal features...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145179/phantom-sensations-supernumerary-phantom-limbs-and-apotemnophilia-three-body-representation-disorders
#9
Laurent Tatu, Julien Bogousslavsky
Body representation disorders continue to be mysterious and involve the anatomical substrate that underlies the mental representation of the body. These disorders sit on the boundaries of neurological and psychiatric diseases. We present the main characteristics of 3 examples of body representation disorders: phantom sensations, supernumerary phantom limb, and apotemnophilia. The dysfunction of anatomical circuits that regulate body representation can sometimes have paradoxical features. In the case of phantom sensations, the patient feels the painful subjective sensation of the existence of the lost part of the body after amputation, surgery or trauma...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145155/care-and-self-reported-outcomes-of-care-experienced-by-women-with-mental-health-problems-in-pregnancy-findings-from-a-national-survey
#10
Jane Henderson, Julie Jomeen, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: mental health problems in pregnancy and the postnatal period are relatively common and, in pregnancy, are associated with an increase in adverse outcome. It is recommended that all women are asked about their emotional and mental health and offered treatment if appropriate. OBJECTIVES: to describe the care received by women self-identifying with mental health problems in pregnancy, and to describe the effects of support, advice and treatment on outcomes in the postnatal period...
October 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145104/mentalizing-impairment-as-a-mediator-between-reported-childhood-abuse-and-outcome-in-nonaffective-psychotic-disorder
#11
J Weijers, P Fonagy, E Eurelings-Bontekoe, F Termorshuizen, W Viechtbauer, J P Selten
Reported childhood abuse has been linked to the severity of clinical symptoms and social dysfunction in non-affective psychotic disorder. Impaired mentalizing ability may be one of the mechanisms accounting for this effect. This study examined whether impaired mentalizing mediates the effect of reported childhood abuse on positive symptoms, negative symptoms, and social dysfunction. Eighty-seven patients with non-affective psychotic disorder were examined. Reported childhood abuse was measured using the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse interview...
November 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145076/veterans-group-exercise-a-randomized-pilot-trial-of-an-integrative-exercise-program-for-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress
#12
Lizabeth A Goldstein, Wolf E Mehling, Thomas J Metzler, Beth E Cohen, Deborah E Barnes, Gerard J Choucroun, Aliza Silver, Lisa S Talbot, Shira Maguen, Jennifer A Hlavin, Margaret A Chesney, Thomas C Neylan
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent among military veterans and is associated with significant negative health outcomes. However, stigma and other barriers to care prevent many veterans from pursuing traditional mental health treatment. We developed a group-based Integrative Exercise (IE) program combining aerobic and resistance exercise, which is familiar to veterans, with mindfulness-based practices suited to veterans with PTSD. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of IE on PTSD symptom severity and quality of life, as well as assess the feasibility and acceptability of IE...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144997/examination-of-a-therapeutic-recreation-based-clinical-placement-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-self-determined-perspective
#13
Dana Perlman, Ellie Taylor, Lorna Moxham, Susan Sumskis, Christopher Patterson, Renee Brighton, Tim Heffernan
Nursing students across the globe are expected to undertake clinical placements. To date, there have been no studies that have examined the potential educational benefits for undergraduate nursing students engaged in a mental health clinical placement grounded in self-determination theory. The present study examined the experiences of undergraduate students engaged in a mental health clinical placement termed Recovery Camp. An ethnographic methodology within a case study approach was used. The researchers were immersed in the clinical placement, which took place at a YMCA camp facility...
November 10, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144973/orbitofrontal-cortex-a-neural-circuit-for-economic-decisions
#14
REVIEW
Camillo Padoa-Schioppa, Katherine E Conen
Economic choice behavior entails the computation and comparison of subjective values. A central contribution of neuroeconomics has been to show that subjective values are represented explicitly at the neuronal level. With this result at hand, the field has increasingly focused on the difficult question of where in the brain and how exactly subjective values are compared to make a decision. Here, we review a broad range of experimental and theoretical results suggesting that good-based decisions are generated in a neural circuit within the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC)...
November 15, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144882/adult-children-of-gay-fathers-parent-child-relationship-quality-and-mental-health
#15
Samantha L Tornello, Charlotte J Patterson
According to family systems theory, parent-child relationships are an important aspect of individual well-being. This study explored associations among parental disclosure, parent-child relationships, and well-being among 84 adult children with gay fathers. We explored associations between the adult children's well-being and the children's ages at sexual orientation disclosure, geographic distance, relationship quality and closeness with their fathers. We found that when parental disclosure had occurred earlier in the adult child's life, participants reported feeling closer to fathers in adulthood...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144591/is-it-time-to-abandon-care-planning-in-mental-health-services-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-views-of-professionals-service-users-and-carers
#16
Helen L Brooks, Karina Lovell, Penny Bee, Caroline Sanders, Anne Rogers
BACKGROUND: It has been established that mental health-care planning does not adequately respond to the needs of those accessing services. Understanding the reasons for this and identifying whose needs care plans serve requires an exploration of the perspectives of service users, carers and professionals within the wider organizational context. OBJECTIVE: To explore the current operationalization of care planning and perceptions of its function within mental health services from the perspectives of multiple stakeholders...
November 16, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144549/zuclopenthixol-dihydrochloride-for-schizophrenia
#17
REVIEW
Edward J Bryan, Marie Ann Purcell, Ajit Kumar
BACKGROUND: Oral zuclopenthixol dihydrochloride (Clopixol) is an anti-psychotic treatment for people with psychotic symptoms, especially those with schizophrenia. It is associated with neuroleptic malignant syndrome, a prolongation of the QTc interval, extra-pyramidal reactions, venous thromboembolism and may modify insulin and glucose responses. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of zuclopenthixol dihydrochloride for treatment of schizophrenia. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Trials Register (latest search 09 June 2015)...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144545/music-therapy-for-depression
#18
REVIEW
Sonja Aalbers, Laura Fusar-Poli, Ruth E Freeman, Marinus Spreen, Johannes Cf Ket, Annemiek C Vink, Anna Maratos, Mike Crawford, Xi-Jing Chen, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Depression is a highly prevalent mood disorder that is characterised by persistent low mood, diminished interest, and loss of pleasure. Music therapy may be helpful in modulating moods and emotions. An update of the 2008 Cochrane review was needed to improve knowledge on effects of music therapy for depression. OBJECTIVES: 1. To assess effects of music therapy for depression in people of any age compared with treatment as usual (TAU) and psychological, pharmacological, and/or other therapies...
November 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144507/the-fragile-x-mental-retardation-protein-regulates-tumor-invasiveness-related-pathways-in-melanoma-cells
#19
Francesca Zalfa, Vincenzo Panasiti, Simone Carotti, Maria Zingariello, Giuseppe Perrone, Laura Sancillo, Laura Pacini, Flavie Luciani, Vincenzo Roberti, Silvia D'Amico, Rosa Coppola, Simona Osella Abate, Rosa Alba Rana, Anastasia De Luca, Mark Fiers, Valentina Melocchi, Fabrizio Bianchi, Maria Giulia Farace, Tilmann Achsel, Jean-Christophe Marine, Sergio Morini, Claudia Bagni
The fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) is lacking or mutated in patients with the fragile X syndrome (FXS), the most frequent form of inherited intellectual disability. FMRP affects metastasis formation in a mouse model for breast cancer. Here we show that FMRP is overexpressed in human melanoma with high Breslow thickness and high Clark level. Furthermore, meta-analysis of the TCGA melanoma data revealed that high levels of FMRP expression correlate significantly with metastatic tumor tissues, risk of relapsing and disease-free survival...
November 16, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144419/air-pollution-and-dispensed-medications-for-asthma-and-possible-effect-modifiers-related-to-mental-health-and-socio-economy-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-swedish-children-and-adolescents
#20
Anna Oudin, Lennart Bråbäck, Daniel Oudin Åström, Bertil Forsberg
It has been suggested that children that are exposed to a stressful environment at home have an increased susceptibility for air pollution-related asthma. The aim here was to investigate the association between air pollution exposure and asthma, and effect modification by mental health and by socio-economic status (as markers of a stressful environment). All individuals under 18 years of age in four Swedish counties during 2007 to 2010 (1.2 million people) were included. The outcome was defined as dispensing at least two asthma medications during follow up...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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