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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035979/effect-of-a-commercially-available-footwear-insole-on-biomechanical-variables-associated-with-common-running-injuries
#1
Ryan T Lewinson, Darren J Stefanyshyn
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Dr. Scholl's Active Series (DSAS) footwear insoles alter biomechanical variables associated with running injuries. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled experiment. SETTING: Sport medicine and biomechanics gait analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen healthy adults. INTERVENTIONS: The control condition was the participant's own athletic footwear. The experimental condition was the participant's own athletic footwear plus a DSAS insole...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035952/the-association-between-hip-dysfunction-and-lower-quarter-injuries-in-long-distance-runners-a-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Benita Olivier, Vaneshveri Naidoo, Monica Tau, Samantha-Lynn Quinn, Aimee Stewart
The objective of this review is to establish the association between hip dysfunction and lower quarter (low back and lower limb) injuries in long distance runners. Specifically the review question is: Are long distance runners with hip dysfunction at risk of lower quarter (low back and lower limb) injuries?
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026523/medical-support-during-an-ironman-70-3-triathlon-race
#3
Hae-Rang Yang, Jinwoo Jeong, Injoo Kim, Ji Eun Kim
BACKGROUND: The Ironman 70.3 race is also called a half Ironman, and consists of 1.9 km of swimming, 90.1 km of cycling, and 21.1 km of running. The authors provide practical insights that may be useful for medical support in future events by summarizing the process and results of on-scene medical care. METHODS: The medical post was established at the transition area between the cycling and running courses, which was close to the finish line, and staffed with the headquarters team comprised of an emergency physician, an EMT, two nurses, and an ambulance with a driver...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023328/strength-and-conditioning-habits-of-competitive-distance-runners
#4
Richard C Blagrove, Nicola Brown, Glyn Howatson, Philip R Hayes
Blagrove, RC, Brown, N, Howatson, G, and Hayes, PR. Strength and conditioning habits of competitive distance runners. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-Targeted strength and conditioning (S&C) programs can potentially improve performance and reduce injury risk factors in competitive runners. However, S&C practices of distance runners are unknown. This study aimed to explore S&C practices of competitive middle- and long-distance runners and examined whether reported frequency of injuries was influenced by training behaviors...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988230/urinary-kidney-injury-molecule-1-but-not-urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-is-increased-after-short-maximal-exercise
#5
Wojciech Wołyniec, Wojciech Ratkowski, Robert Urbański, Maria Bartoszewicz, Danuta Siluk, Zuzanna Wołyniec, Katarzyna Kasprowicz, Katarzyna Zorena, Marcin Renke
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Urinary neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (uNGAL) and urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (uKIM-1) are markers of acute kidney injury. The albuminuria is a well-known abnormality after physical exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in uNGAL and uKIM-1 after intensive exercise causing albuminuria. METHODS: The study population consisted of 19 participants (10 males and 9 females). The mean age of participants was 35...
October 7, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985103/low-bone-mineral-density-in-male-athletes-is-associated-with-bone-stress-injuries-at-anatomic-sites-with-greater-trabecular-composition
#6
Adam S Tenforde, Allyson L Parziale, Kristin L Popp, Kathryn E Ackerman
BACKGROUND: While sports participation is often associated with health benefits, a subset of athletes may develop impaired bone health. Bone stress injuries (BSIs) are a common overuse injury in athletes; site of injury has been shown to relate to underlying bone health in female athletes. Hypothesis/Purpose: This case series characterizes the association of type of sports participation and anatomic site of BSIs with low bone mineral density (BMD), defined as BMD Z-score <-1.0. Similar to female athletes, it was hypothesized that male athletes who participate in running and sustain BSIs in sites of higher trabecular bone content would be more likely to have low BMD...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966709/pilot-study-of-endurance-runners-and-brain-responses-associated-with-delay-discounting
#7
Laura E Martin, Jason-Flor V Sisante, David R Wilson, Angela A Moody, Cary R Savage, Sandra A Billinger
High levels of endurance training have been associated with potentially negative health outcomes and addictive-like symptoms such as exercise in the presence of injury and higher levels of impulsivity. This pilot study examined the relationships among self-report measures of addictive symptoms related to exercise and behavioral and neural measures of impulsivity in endurance runners. We hypothesized endurance runners would have increased preference for immediate rewards and greater activation of cognitive control regions when making decisions involving delayed rewards...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955935/treadmill-running-induces-satellite-cell-activation-in-diabetic-mice
#8
Shin Fujimaki, Tamami Wakabayashi, Makoto Asashima, Tohru Takemasa, Tomoko Kuwabara
Skeletal muscle-derived stem cells, termed as satellite cells, play essential roles in regeneration after muscle injury in adult skeletal muscle. Diabetes mellitus (DM), one of the most common metabolic diseases, causes impairments of satellite cell function. However, the studies of the countermeasures for the DM-induced dysfunction of satellite cells have been poor. Here, we investigated the effects of chronic running exercise on satellite cell activation in diabetic mice focused on the molecular mechanism including Notch and Wnt signaling, which are contribute to the fate determination of satellite cells...
December 2016: Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918787/-running-and-causes-of-running-related-injuries
#9
Camilla Kjær Cullum, Peter Hung Thanh Tran, Simon Døssing
Running is one of the most popular sports among the adult Danish population. Overuse injuries of the knee, such as runners knee, jumpers knee, patello-femoral pain syndrome and patello-femoral pre-arthrosis, are common and cause reduction of the health beneficial physical activity. Treatment should primarily focus on adjustment of training habits and physiotherapeutic guided rehabilitation. Other treatment options include changing landing pattern during running, corticosteroid injections, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs and ultimately surgery...
September 18, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916956/transitioning-to-minimal-footwear-a-systematic-review-of-methods-and-future-clinical-recommendations
#10
REVIEW
Joe P Warne, Allison H Gruber
BACKGROUND: Recent interest in barefoot running has led to the development of minimalist running shoes that are popular in distance runners. A careful transition to these shoes has been suggested and examined in the literature. However, no guidelines based on systematic evidence have been presented. The purpose of this review is to systematically examine the methods employed in the literature to transition to minimal footwear (MFW), as well as the outcomes to these studies in distance runners...
September 15, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912661/effectiveness-of-movement-therapy-interventions-and-training-modifications-for-preventing-running-injuries-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Žiga Kozinc, Nejc Šarabon
Runners are at relatively high risk for sustaining an overuse injury. While many risk factors have been documented so far, previous reviews have mostly failed to identify effective interventions to lower injury risk in runners. To review the high-quality evidence on two types of preventive interventions - movement therapy interventions and training-modification interventions, regarding running-related injury prevention. Pubmed (MEDLINE), PEDro and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched in April 2017, with no date or language restrictions, using following search terms: running injury prevention, running injury therapy, running injury incidence, running injury exercise and running injury risk...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902682/the-influence-of-foot-strike-technique-on-the-neuromechanical-function-of-the-foot
#12
Luke A Kelly, Dominic J Farris, Glen A Lichtwark, Andrew G Cresswell
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of foot-strike technique on longitudinal arch mechanics and intrinsic foot muscle function during running. METHODS: 13 healthy participants ran barefoot on a force-instrumented treadmill at 2.8ms with a forefoot (FFS) and rear-foot (RFS, habitual) running technique, while kinetic, kinematic and electromyographic (EMG) data from the intrinsic foot muscles were collected simultaneously. The longitudinal arch was modeled as a single "mid-foot" joint representing motion of the rear-foot (calcaneus) relative to the forefoot (metatarsals)...
September 11, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901963/underlying-chronic-disease-medication-use-history-of-running-injuries-and-being-a-more-experienced-runner-are-independent-factors-associated-with-exercise-associated-muscle-cramping-a-cross-sectional-study-in-15778-distance-runners
#13
Martin P Schwellnus, Sonja Swanevelder, Esme Jordaan, Wayne Derman, Dina C Janse Van Rensburg
BACKGROUND: Exercise-associated muscle cramping (EAMC) is a significant medical complication in distance runners, yet factors associated with EAMC are poorly documented. OBJECTIVE: To document risk factors associated with EAMC in runners. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Two ocean races (21.1 km, and 56 km). PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen thousand seven hundred seventy-eight race entrants. METHODS: Participants completed a prerace medical history screening tool including: training, cardiovascular disease (CVD), risk factors for, and symptoms of CVD, history of diseases affecting major organ systems, cancer, allergies, medication use, and running injury...
August 18, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900570/running-injury-development-the-attitudes-of-middle-and-long-distance-runners-and-their-coaches
#14
Karen Krogh Johansen, Adam Hulme, Camma Damsted, Daniel Ramskov, Rasmus Oestergaard Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Behavioral science methods have rarely been used in running injury research. Therefore, the attitudes amongst runners and their coaches regarding factors leading to running injuries warrants formal investigation. PURPOSE: To investigate the attitudes of middle- and long-distance runners able to compete in national championships and their coaches about factors associated with running injury development. METHODS: A link to an online survey was distributed to middle- and long-distance runners and their coaches across 25 Danish Athletics Clubs...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900568/can-runners-perceive-changes-in-heel-cushioning-as-the-shoe-ages-with-increased-mileage
#15
Mark W Cornwall, Thomas G McPoil
BACKGROUND: For those runners who utilize footwear and have a rearfoot strike pattern, the durability of the midsole heel region has been shown to deteriorate as shoe mileage increases. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was threefold: 1) to determine if the runner can self-report changes in heel cushioning properties of the midsole after an extended period of distance running, 2) to determine if force and plantar pressures measured in the heel region of the midsole using a capacitance sensor insole change after running 640 km, and 3) to determine if a durometer could be used clinically to objectively measure changes in the hardness of the material in the heel region of the midsole...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855183/effectiveness-of-online-tailored-advice-to-prevent-running-related-injuries-and-promote-preventive-behaviour-in-dutch-trail-runners-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Luiz Carlos Hespanhol, Willem van Mechelen, Evert Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Trail running is popular worldwide, but there is no preventive intervention for running-related injury (RRI). AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of adding online tailored advice (TrailS6 ) to general advice on (1) the prevention of RRIs and (2) the determinants and actual preventive behaviour in Dutch trail runners. METHODS: Two-arm randomised controlled trial over 6 months. 232 trail runners were randomly assigned to an intervention or control group...
August 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842101/navicular-stress-fracture-outcomes-in-athletes-analysis-of-62-injuries
#17
Amol Saxena, Shontal A Behan, Dallas L Valerio, Dominick L Frosch
The optimal treatment modalities for navicular stress fractures in athletes is currently unknown for this season-ending injury. The present study evaluated factors that might be significant and affect healing outcomes, specifically focusing on the return to activity (RTA) time and a decreased desired activity (DDA) after treatment in athletes. Such considerations included previous navicular stress fractures, patient demographic data and type of sport, and initiation time of treatment. The data from 59 patients with 62 fractures were prospectively analyzed from May 2005 through July 2016...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827268/shoe-cushioning-body-mass-and-running-biomechanics-as-risk-factors-for-running-injury-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Laurent Malisoux, Nicolas Delattre, Axel Urhausen, Daniel Theisen
INTRODUCTION: Repetitive loading of the musculoskeletal system is suggested to be involved in the underlying mechanism of the majority of running-related injuries (RRIs). Accordingly, heavier runners are assumed to be at a higher risk of RRI. The cushioning system of modern running shoes is expected to protect runners again high impact forces, and therefore, RRI. However, the role of shoe cushioning in injury prevention remains unclear. The main aim of this study is to investigate the influence of shoe cushioning and body mass on RRI risk, while exploring simultaneously the association between running technique and RRI risk...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822329/changes-in-gluteal-muscle-forces-with-alteration-of-footstrike-pattern-during-running
#19
Charles Nathan Vannatta, Thomas W Kernozek, Naghmeh Gheidi
Gait retraining is a common form of treatment for running related injuries. Proximal factors at the hip have been postulated as having a role in the development of running related injuries. How altering footstrike affects hip muscles forces and kinematics has not been described. Thus, we aimed to quantify differences in hip muscle forces and hip kinematics that may occur when healthy runners are instructed to alter their foot strike pattern from their habitual rear-foot strike to a forefoot strike. This may gain insight on the potential etiology and treatment methods of running related lower extremity injury...
October 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820647/acute-fatigue-negatively-affects-risk-factors-for-injury-in-trained-but-not-well-trained-habitually-shod-runners-when-running-barefoot
#20
Nicholas Tam, Devon R Coetzee, Safwaan Ahmed, Robert P Lamberts, Yumna Albertus-Kajee, Ross Tucker
INTRODUCTION: Many factors may contribute to running-related injury. These include fatigue and footwear, the combination of which has rarely been studied, in particular with reference to barefoot running, recently advocated as a method to reduce injury risk. METHODS: Twenty-two runners (12 well-trained and 10 trained) participated in a 10 km fatiguing trial. Knee and ankle joint kinematics and kinetics and electromyography were assessed during overground running in the barefoot and shod condition...
October 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
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