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Robotic cardiac surgery

Min Hur, Seokha Yoo, Jung-Yoon Choi, Sun-Kyung Park, Dhong Eun Jung, Won Ho Kim, Jin-Tae Kim, Jae-Hyon Bahk
BACKGROUND: Dynamic change in central venous pressure (CVP) was associated with fluid responsiveness. External jugular venous pressure (EJVP) may reliably estimate CVP and have the advantages of being less invasive. We investigated whether increase in EJVP induced by positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) could be a reliable predictor of fluid responsiveness in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP). METHODS: Fifty patients who underwent RALP with steep Trendelenburg position were enrolled...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
Yongjin F Lee, Jeremy Albright, Warqaa M Akram, Juan Wu, Jane Ferraro, Robert K Cleary
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic conversion-to-open colorectal surgery is associated with worse outcomes when compared to operations completed without conversion. Consequences of robotic conversion have not yet been determined. The purpose of this study is to compare short-term outcomes of converted robotic colorectal cases with those that are completed without conversion, as well as with cases done by the open approach. METHODS: The ACS-NSQIP database was queried for patients who underwent robotic completed, robotic converted-to-open, and open colorectal resection between 2012 and 2015...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Eswar Kandaswamy, Li Zuo
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the most common causes of death worldwide. In the last decade, significant advancements in CAD treatment have been made. The existing treatment is medical, surgical or a combination of both depending on the extent, severity and clinical presentation of CAD. The collaboration between different science disciplines such as biotechnology and tissue engineering has led to the development of novel therapeutic strategies such as stem cells, nanotechnology, robotic surgery and other advancements (3-D printing and drugs)...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Kun Hua, Yang Zhao, Ran Dong, Taoshuai Liu
BACKGROUND To the best of our knowledge, there is no nationwide data available on the development of minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) in China. The purpose of this study was to report the results of MICS in 6 experienced centers in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS From September 2014 to July 2016, 1241 patients with cardiac conditions who underwent MICS procedures were randomly enrolled in 6 centers in China, and those patients were randomly selected for inclusion in this study. The MICS procedures were defined as any cardiac surgery performed through a less invasive incision, rather than a complete median sternotomy, mainly including mini-incision surgery (400, 32...
January 22, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Angelica I Aviles-Rivero, Samar M Alsaleh, Alicia Casals
PURPOSE: Technical advancements have been part of modern medical solutions as they promote better surgical alternatives that serve to the benefit of patients. Particularly with cardiovascular surgeries, robotic surgical systems enable surgeons to perform delicate procedures on a beating heart, avoiding the complications of cardiac arrest. This advantage comes with the price of having to deal with a dynamic target which presents technical challenges for the surgical system. In this work, we propose a solution for cardiac motion estimation...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Vincenzo Giambruno, Michael W Chu, Cristina Cucchietti, Douglas W Boyd, Bob Kiaii
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive robot-assisted direct coronary artery bypass (RADCAB) has emerged as a feasible minimally invasive surgical technique for revascularization that might offer several potential advantages over conventional approaches. We present our 18-year experience in RADCAB. METHODS: Between February 1998 and February 2016, 605 patients underwent RADCAB. Patients underwent post-procedural selective graft patency assessment using cardiac catheterization...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
Norihiko Ishikawa, Go Watanabe, Tatsuya Tarui
OBJECTIVES: Atrial septal defect (ASD) repairs have been successfully performed on arrested hearts with robotic assistance. The present study assessed the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of totally endoscopic cardiac surgery using a no-touch aorta technique for ASD via only 2 ports, and we named this procedure two-port robotic cardiac surgery (TROCS). METHODS: Between May 2014 and June 2016, 8 consecutive patients underwent TROCS for ASD using the da Vinci surgical system (Intuitive Surgical Inc...
January 2, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Quang-Huy Dang, Ngoc-Thanh Le, Cong-Huu Nguyen, Dac-Dai Tran, Do-Hung Nguyen, Trung-Hieu Nguyen, Thi-Hai-Linh Ngo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effectivity and safety of totally endoscopic cardiac surgery without robotic assistance for atrial septal defect (ASD) closure on beating hearts. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (adults/children: 15/10) underwent ASD closure using nonrobotically assisted totally endoscopic approach on beating heart. Three 5-mm trocars and one 12-mm trocar were used, only the superior vena cava is snared, filling the pleural and pericardial cavities with CO2, and the heart was beating during the surgery...
November 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Toshiyuki Yamada, Motohiko Osako, Tomoya Uchimuro, Ryogen Yoon, Toshiaki Morikawa, Maki Sugimoto, Hisao Suda, Hideyuki Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: As the use of minimally invasive surgery in cardiothoracic surgery increases, so does the need for simulation and training. We developed a heart model for simulation and training of minimally invasive cardiac surgery, particularly minimally invasive mitral valve repair using our new three-dimensional printing system. METHODS: Digital imaging and communication in medicine data from patient computed tomography, three-dimensional computer-aided design, and three-dimensional printing helped create replicas of the heart and thoracic cavity...
November 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Hiroto Kitahara, Brooke Patel, Mackenzie McCrorey, Sarah Nisivaco, Husam H Balkhy
OBJECTIVE: Morbid obesity (body mass index ≥ 35 kg/m) usually confers a higher perioperative risk in cardiac surgery. Robotic cardiac surgery may have many advantages for these high-risk patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients undergoing robotic cardiac surgery from July 2013 to April 2017 at our institution. We compared the outcomes of morbidly obese patients versus nonobese patients. RESULTS: A total of 486 patients underwent robotic cardiac surgery (322 men, median age = 65 years)...
November 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Risto Kesävuori, Peter Raivio, Janne J Jokinen, Antero Sahlman, Kari Teittinen, Antti Vento
OBJECTIVE: To report the learning curve and early results of robotic mitral valve repairs in comparison with propensity score-matched sternotomy controls after the adoption of a robotic mitral valve surgery program in a university teaching hospital. METHODS: A total of 142 patients underwent robotic mitral valve repair due to degenerative mitral regurgitation between May 2011 and December 2015. Control patients operated on via the conventional sternotomy approach were selected by the use of propensity score analysis resulting in 2 well-matched study groups...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Rachel M Easterwood, Ian C Bostock, Shruthi Nammalwar, Jock N McCullough, Alexander Iribarne
The field of minimally invasive cardiac surgery has undergone rapid transformation over recent years. In this review, we provide a summary of the most current evidence supporting the use of minimally invasive aortic and mitral valve replacement techniques, as well as transcatheter approaches for aortic and mitral valve disease. As an adjunct, the use of robotically assisted coronary bypass surgery and hybrid coronary revascularization procedures is discussed. In order to obtain optimal patient outcomes, a collaborative, heart-team approach between cardiac surgeons and interventional cardiologists is necessary...
January 2018: Future Cardiology
Sohrab Arora, Logan Campbell, Mouafak Tourojman, Daniel Pucheril, Lamont R Jones, Craig Rogers
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate robot-assisted ureterolysis and buccal mucosal graft (BMG) ureteroplasty for the management of a complex, long recurrent ureteral stricture developing after ureterolysis, and also to demonstrate the use of near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging and intraoperative ureteroscopy during this procedure. METHODS: A 58-year-old man with a history of cabergoline treatment and a cardiac catheterization through the left groin presented with left flank pain and hydronephrosis...
December 2017: Urology
Shuang-Lei Li, Chang-Qing Gao
OBJECTIVE: To compare conventional open chest surgery and robotic surgery for their efficacy, short?term outcomes and patient selection in the treatment of heart tumors. Method The clinical data were collected from 225 patients (a total of 228 operations) who underwent cardiac neoplasm resection in our hospital between January, 1993 and April, 2016. A propensity score matching (PSM) was established according to the vital baseline data of the patients receiving conventional open chest surgery (n=125) and robotic surgery (n=60) after screening...
October 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Hetal Patel, Clifton T P Lewis, Richard L Stephens, Margaret Angelillo, David H Sibley
Minimally invasive, robotic-assisted cardiac surgery has been shown to decrease transfusion rates, decrease wound infection rates, shorten hospital length of stay, and allow for a faster return to full activity compared with traditional sternotomy approaches. However, its application has chiefly been limited to primary, isolated procedures such as primary mitral valve repair or replacement. We describe the first reported use of a robotic surgery platform to perform reoperative mitral valve replacement using a minimally invasive, totally endoscopic, port-access approach...
September 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Christopher L Tarola, Hussein A Al-Amodi, Sankar Balasubramanian, Stephanie A Fox, Christopher C Harle, Ivan Iglesias, Kumar Sridhar, Patrick J Teefy, Michael W A Chu, Bob B Kiaii
OBJECTIVE: Contemporary anesthetic techniques have enabled shorter sedation and early extubation in off-pump and minimally invasive coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery. Robotic-assisted CABG represents the optimal surgical approach for ultrafast track anesthesia, with patients able to bypass the cardiac surgical intensive care unit with recovery in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) and inpatient ward. METHODS: In-hospital postoperative outcomes from ninety patients who underwent either elective or urgent robotically-assisted CABG at our institution were reviewed...
September 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Heemoon Lee, Ji-Hyuk Yang, Tae-Gook Jun, I-Seok Kang, June Huh, Seung Woo Park, Jinyoung Song, Chung Su Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recently, minimally invasive surgical (MIS) techniques including robot-assisted operations have been widely applied in cardiac surgery. The thoracoscopic technique is a favorable MIS option for patients with atrial septal defects (ASDs). Accordingly, we report the mid-term results of thoracoscopic ASD closure without robotic assistance. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We included 66 patients who underwent thoracoscopic ASD closure between June 2006 and July 2014...
September 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
Levan Tsamalaidze, Enrique F Elli
Experience with bariatric surgery in patients after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) is still limited. We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent bariatric surgery after OHT from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2016. Two post-OHT patients with BMI of 37.5 and 36.2 kg/m² underwent laparoscopic robotic-assisted Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, respectively. Quality of life substantially improved for both patients. Bariatric surgery is safe and feasible in OHT patients, despite numerous risk factors...
November 2017: Obesity Surgery
Jorge Sierra, Nadia Lahlaidi Sierra, Michel Montessuit, Marek Bednarkiewicz
Cardiac surgery has evolved towards less traumatic procedures. Minimal invasive cardiac surgery is a well-established technic offering patients the same level of excellence accomplished with open surgery. Technological evolution has lead to robotic assistance for minimal invasive cardiac surgery, helping surgeons to perform even better in cardiac repairs or reconstructions.
March 1, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
Sabrina La Falce, Giacomo Novara, Giorgio Gandaglia, Paolo Umari, Geert De Naeyer, Frederiek D'Hondt, Jean Beresian, Rik Carette, Martin Penicka, Yujiing Mo, Geert Vandenbroucke, Alexandre Mottrie
BACKGROUND: Limited studies examined effects of pneumoperiotneum during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and with AirSeal. The aim of this study was to assess the effect on hemodynamics of a lower pressure pneumoperitoneum (8 mmHg) with AirSeal, during RARP in steep Trendelenburg 45° (ST). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an institutional review board-approved, prospective, interventional, single-center study including patients treated with RARP at OLV Hospital by one extremely experienced surgeon (July 2015-February 2016)...
December 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
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